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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

ACADEMIC READING FITNESS ACTIVITIES

TASK TYPE » Matching Paragraph Headings

Fitness Activity 1

The reading passage on AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 1) has


five sections, A–E. Choose the correct heading for sections B–E
from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number i–ix below. Choose each heading once
only.

List of Headings

i Problems in Paradise?
ii Benefits outstrip problems
iii Development of dams in Australia
iv The importance of water to humans
v How to solve problems with dams
vi Australia’s rainfall profile [Example]
vii The role of science in the planning of dams
viii Disadvantages outweigh gains
ix Meeting Sydney’s water needs

1 Section A vi [Example]
2 Section B _______
3 Section C _______
4 Section D _______
5 Section E _______

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Multiple Choice Questions

Fitness Activity 2

1 Using ONLY Section C of AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 1) choose


the appropriate letter A,B,C, or D.

One of the problems of dams is that:


A new plant species may change the biological balance
B they cause more drowning
C they lead to changes in salt levels in water further up river
D weeds and algae can’t survive as easily

2 Using ONLY Section D of AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 1), choose


the appropriate letter A,B,C, or D.

According to the passage, the negative features of dams:


A were originally given precedence over the demand for water
B were at first taken into account before construction
C have given rise to more sensitivity about the environment
D have led to national studies of river care

3 Using ONLY Section E of AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 1), choose


the appropriate letter A,B,C, or D.

According to the passage, Paradise Dam:


A has been entirely beneficial
B is situated beyond a valley
C has provided environmental advantages for tourists
D may have been built for political reasons

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Summary Completion

Fitness Activity 3

Complete the summary below based on Sections C and D ONLY of AUSTRALIA’s DAM
STORY (Part 1).
Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the text for each answer.

Dams have benefits and drawbacks. For example, they provide water and 1 _________
but those residing in the dam’s path may have to be 2 _________. The reservoir may
3 _________ agricultural land, and biological changes may include unwanted fish
species. In recent years better understanding of nature has been helped by 4 _________.
The environment is now seen as having rights just like every other
5 _________ of water.

TASK TYPE » Labelling Diagrams

Fitness Activity 4

Look at the diagrams of types of dams (A–D) and read each


dam description below. Label each description with the appropriate
letter (A–D).

Dam Type Description of Dams


Embankment dams use a long-sloped, massive
_______ volume of rock, gravel and sand, with the finest
materials in the centre to form a waterproof core.
Buttress dams have 45 degree walls that transfer
_______ the force downwards.
Gravity dams are thick, massive structures with a
_______ vertical face that can hold back enormous
amounts of water under their own weight.
Arch dams have curved sides which redirect a lot
_______ of pressure to the valley sides.

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Yes/No/Not Given (Identifying Writer’s Views)

Fitness Activity 5

Do the following statements reflect the claims of the writer in Section A of


AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 2)?
Write:
YES if the statement reflects the claims of the writer
NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

1 The deteriorating situation of the lungfish has stimulated public support.


________________

2 The habitat of the lungfish is now limited primarily to only two rivers.
________________

3 Biologists officially consider the lungfish to be an endangered species.


________________

4 The breeding grounds of the lungfish have no legal protection.


________________

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Matching Information

Fitness Activity 6

Which Section (B, C, D or E) of AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 2) contains


the following information?

1 Measures for accommodating likely increases in demand for water. ___

2 Data illustrating current and projected water demand in Queensland. ___

3 Cost benefit gains and low projected impact of the Mary River Dam. ___

4 The aquatic life affected by the proposed new dam. ___

5 The likely timing and sequencing of dam construction. ___

TASK TYPE » Form/Note Completion

Fitness Activity 7

Using only Section D of AUSTRALIA’s DAM STORY (Part 2), complete the
notes below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the
passage for each answer.

• Overall cost of the dam = 1 ________________

• Reduction of 2 ________________ = a goal of building the dam

•3 ________________ to be fitted to enable increase in water level

• Government claimed no alternative due to approach of 4 ________________

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Matching Features

Fitness Activity 8

Which of the individuals mentioned in Australia’s Dam Story (Part 3) has these
points of view? Write A (for Professor Arthington), I (for Kevin Ingersole)
and P (for Glenda Pickersgill).

Which person (A, I or P) believes that

1 …most printed material about the dam is really an attempt to promote it? ___

2 …a large amount of the available documentation outlines the difficulties


experienced by river life resulting from dams? ___

3 …it is vital to distribute material about the dam to the local population. ___

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » True/False/Not Given (Identifying Information)

Fitness Activity 9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Australia’s Dam
Story (Part 3)? Answer:

TRUE if the statement agrees with the information


FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

1 QWI accepts that social problems resulting from purchase of properties have
affected everyone.
________________

2 People who have sold their land to QWI may not leave it for some time.
________________

3 The majority of the anti-dam signs are near Kandanga Railway station.
________________

4 The EIS discusses the sale of Kevin Ingersole’s land to the government.
________________

5 QWI’s documents predict that regional wealth will grow.


________________

6 QWI consider that the dam will be less expensive than a desalination plant.
________________

7 People who live in Mary Valley are annoyed about the likely loss of water from
their area when the reservoir is in operation.
________________

8 Professor Arthington is unsure about the environmental outcomes likely to arise


as a result of the new dam.
________________

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Matching Sentence Endings

Fitness Activity 10

Choose the best endings for sentences 1–4 from the List of Options A–H
in the box below.

1 After the QWI announcement, many Mary Valley residents


_________________________________

2 Glenda Pickersgill is likely to lose her land and property


_________________________________

3 Five years ago, the chairman of the Save the Mary River Coordinating Group
_________________________________

4 Angela Arthington believes that megadams cause flooding of valleys


_________________________________

List of Options

A to her family during the next thirty years


B purchased a valley property
C which are extracted during construction
D suffered traumatic psychological effects
E can be repaired by avoiding all the damage
F was a full-time management consultant
G during Stage 1 of the dam’s development
H that are characteristically shallow

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Sentence Completion

Fitness Activity 11

Complete the sentences below.


Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER from the text
Australia’s Dam Story (Part 3) for each answer.

1 Glenda Pickersgill was _______________ when she heard of the government’s


dam-building plans.

2 Glenda is trying hard to build _______________ for the anti-dam protest


group.

3 Kevin Ingersole remains unconvinced that the proposed dam is the optimal

_______________ to regional water needs.

4 At Stage 2 _______________ would be extracted from the lake annually.

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

TASK TYPE » Short-answer Questions

Fitness Activity 12

Answer the questions below.


Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the text
Australia’s Dam Story (Part 3) for each answer.

1 What has been the irreparable outcome of QWI’s property purchase on the
whole community?
________________

2 In what direction is Glenda’s land relative to the proposed dam?


________________

3 In what type of dwelling does the Save the Mary River Group have its central
office?
________________

4 Although he remains proactive, how does Kevin Ingersole feel?


________________

5 In financial terms, what is the economic benefit of a dam compared with a


desalination plant?
________________

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IELTS Success Formula :: Academic IELTS Academic Reading Fitness Activities

Fitness Activity 13 (Flow Chart/Table Completion)

Complete the diagram below based on the text ‘How evaporated milk is produced’.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Raw milk goes from farm —> plant Milk tested for smell, taste,
bacteria, sediment

Milk —> filters —> pasteurisers Protein + fat are measured by


where heated to build passing milk under infra red light
1 __________________ and reduce
bacteria

Warm milk —> next to Homogenisation occurs by forcing


2 __________________ to reduce milk through tiny holes -
its boiling point transforms fat into very small
3 ________________

Ultraviolet light is used to add Potassium phosphate added


5 __________________ –>makes milk creamy + darkens
colour to a 4 __________________

Finally, milk —> pipes —> vacuum-


sealed, sterilised cans

Finished all 13 tasks? You’re a hero!

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