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Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne

CharlemagneCharlemagneCharlemagne

Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne
Charlemagne Charlemagne Charlemagne

Timeline

742

: Charles the Great was born on April 2

 

751

: Charlemagne's father Pippin was declared king, beginning the Carolingian Dynasty

768

: Upon the death of Pippin, the kingdom of Francia was divided between Charles and his brother Carloman

 

771

: Carloman died; Charles became a sole ruler

774

: Charlemagne conquered Lombardy and became King of the Lombards to protect the Pope

781

: Charles made a pilgrimage to Rome and had his son Pippin proclaimed King of Italy; here he me Alcuin, who agreed to come to Charlemagne's court

787

788

799

: Charles launched his educational plan by ordering bishops and abbots to open schools near their churches and monasteries to spread Christianity

: Charlemagne took control of Bavaria, bringing all the territory of the Germanic tribes into one political unit marked the end of the barbarians

: Pope Leo III was attacked in the streets of Rome and flees to Charlemagne for

protection. The king had him conducted safely back to Rome

800

: Charlemagne came to Rome to oversee a synod where Leo cleared himself of

the charges laid on him by his enemies. At Christmas mass, Leo crowns

Charlemagne Emperor

812

: Byzantine emperor, Michael II acknowledged Charlemagne as emperor,

though not as "Roman" emperor, providing official power to the power Charles

already wielded. However, the Byzantians saw themselves as the last of the

Romans, not Charlemagne.

 

814

: Charlemagne died in Aachen

843

: Treaty of Verdun

definition

of modern France, Germany and Italy

Map

Map

Charlemagne’s Empire

Charlemagne’s Empire
Charlemagne’s Empire

After Treaty of Verdun

After Treaty of Verdun
After Treaty of Verdun
Rise and Fall

Rise and Fall

Rise

Charlemagne was the oldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon. He became king in 768 following the death of his father, and initially was a co-ruler with his brother, Carloman I. Carloman’s sudden death in 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.

Charlemagne’s constant protection of the pope (and Christianity in general) made pope Leo III crown him the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. However, since Rome had fell a long time ago, this coronation did not elevate Charlemagne’s status, but elevated the pope’s as the kingmaker.

fell a long time ago, this coronation did not elevate Charlemagne’s status, but elevated the pope’s
Fall

Fall

Fall

After the death of Louis the Pious (Charlemagne’s son and successor as emperor) in 840, Lothair tried to

reclaim the power he'd wielded as emperor, but his two surviving brothers, Louis the German and

After extensive negotiations, the Treaty of Verdun was signed in August, 843, and the empire was split into three.

, joined forces against him, and a bloody civil war ensued. Lothair was eventually forced to admit defeat.

Charles the , joined forces against him, and a bloody civil war ensued. Lothair was eventually
Cities

Cities

Aachen:

Charlamagne made Aachen centre of his empire. Aachen rose to prominence in the late 8th century during the rule of Charlemagne, becoming his favourite residence and a centre of Western culture and learning. Charlemagne's reign saw renewed interest in Roman art and ideas and many of the greatest scholars and artists of the age came to his palace at Aachen. Charlemagne and his Carolingian successors used Roman models to underline their power and status and the legitimacy of their rule.

and his Carolingian successors used Roman models to underline their power and status and the legitimacy
Rouen: From their first incursion into the lower valley of the Seine in 841, the
Rouen:
From their first incursion into the lower valley of the Seine in 841, the
Vikings overran Rouen until some of them finally settled and founded a
colony led by Rollo (Hrolfr), who was nominated count of Rouen by the
king of the Franks in 911. In the 10th century Rouen became the capital
of the Duchy of Normandy and residence of the dukes, until William the
Conqueror established his castle at Caen.

Bordeaux:

At the end of the 7th century Christian rules were adopted and the Frankish bishops, churches and monasteries, organised the religious and political life of the city. From 720 to 848, the city was again the theatre of violent wars: after an Arabic invasion, it was pillaged again in 732. A century later in 848 the Vikings invaded the city, burning and slaughtering its population. Bordeaux was keenly contested. Between the Arabic and Viking invasions, Charlemagne tried to establish his kingdom there but from 877 it was shared between the Duchy of Gascony and the Duchy of Aquitaine.

Social Structure

Social Structure

Since the King was crowned by the pope, the pope was seen as a king
Since the King was crowned by
the pope, the pope was seen as a
king maker. This giving a higher
authority than the King.
Feudalism is a system of
government in which power is
based on land ownership.
Government

Government

- Charlemagne believed that he should administer divine law (Divine law is any law that, comes directly from the will of God and independent from the will of man,thus cannot be changed.), showing the strong correlation of religion and government in this era.

- Charles had three roles as a ruler: he controlled the army, defended the church, and was the supreme judge with no absolute power although he held power over church and state.

army, defended the church, and was the supreme judge with no absolute power although he held
army, defended the church, and was the supreme judge with no absolute power although he held

In order to control the vast territory under his rule, Charlemagne instituted a form of government that was based on the division of these states, similar to a federation. He set up a network with messengers, known as missi (officials sent by some Frankish kings and emperors to supervise provincial administration.), who would travel to different prefectures and report back to him and they were tasked with administering justice. Also, he introduced some judicial reforms, but those could only have been established with approval of his nobility. The decisions he made were called capitularies, which were actually instructions to his officials.

of his nobility. The decisions he made were called capitularies, which were actually instructions to his
Economy

Economy

Trade - used the Red sea to trade stuffs like wine, food, jewelry, spices, coal and clothing. They used to sail to trade with China until the silk road is easier to access.

Currency - it was all in coins, they didn’t have bills like what we have today. The coins that has the most value was Reichs-Ducat and the coin that has the least value was Kreutzer and there are 4 more types of coins in between which are Species Thaler, Reichsthaler,

Reichs-Guiden and Marck Lubisch respectively….why he used silver coins

circulation of currency. There were strong pragmatic reasons for this abandonment of a gold standard, notably a shortage of gold itself.

more

currency

The gold shortage was a direct consequence of the conclusion of peace with Byzantium,

which resulted in ceding Venice and Sicily to the East and losing their trade routes to

Africa.

Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne
Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne
Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne

Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne

Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne
Different types of coins during the reign of Charlemagne

Different currencies and exchange rates during Charlemagne’s reign

Different currencies and exchange rates during Charlemagne’s reign
Different currencies and exchange rates during Charlemagne’s reign
Belief System

Belief System

The popes finally sought support from the Frankish rulers of the West and received from the Frankish king Pepin The Short the first part of the Italian territories later known as the Papal States. With Pope Leo III’s coronation of Charlemagne, first of the Carolingian emperors, the papacy also gained the

emperor’s protection; this action established the precedent that, in Western Europe, no man would

be emperor without being crowned by a pope…catholic church has become the dominant

christian organization in Europe.He wanted the church to be the supreme power, over not just the spiritual aspects of life, but over all aspects of daily life.

the church to be the supreme power, over not just the spiritual aspects of life, but
the church to be the supreme power, over not just the spiritual aspects of life, but
Effect

Effect

The Roots of Various European Cultures

The Roots of Various European Cultures

The Roots of Various European Cultures

His ruled left a big impact on the European culture, and can still be seen to this day. Examples of this include the Christianity in European culture, and various aspects of his reform that still persists.

day. Examples of this include the Christianity in European culture, and various aspects of his reform
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours

Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours

Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours
Kicked Out the Muslims in the Battle of Tours

He pushed back the Spanish invasion of Muslims at the Battle of Tours, which stopped the spread of Islamic belief in Europe. Without this event, the muslim belief of science would have spread into Europe, and the scientific knowledge in the era would have increased.

the muslim belief of science would have spread into Europe, and the scientific knowledge in the
Expanded the Frankish Kingdom
Expanded the Frankish Kingdom
Expanded the Frankish Kingdom

Expanded the Frankish Kingdom

Expanded the Frankish Kingdom
Expanded the Frankish Kingdom

He did battle with many tribes, including Lombards, Avars, Bavaria, and Saxons. He then expanded his kingdom around those areas and, in turn, spread the belief of Christianity in those areas.

Saxons. He then expanded his kingdom around those areas and, in turn, spread the belief of
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity

Spread the belief of Christianity

Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity
Spread the belief of Christianity

He made sure that all of his subject believed in Christianity, with the big example being his slaughter of 4,500 Saxons in the Slaughter of Verden. This results in the huge increase in the Christian population, and the faith of the people in the pope.

of Verden. This results in the huge increase in the Christian population, and the faith of
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope

Increased the power of the pope

Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope
Increased the power of the pope

Since Leo III made Charlemagne the king of the Holy Roman Empire, it increased the pope’s power and authority as the kingmaker. The result is that future kings would need the pope’s approval to truly become a king. This creates a link between Christianity and the government which led to the Dark Ages, since Greece’s way of government is now replaced and/ or removed by the Christian’s way. Another result of this is that most of Europe is now controlled by the church.

and/ or removed by the Christian’s way. Another result of this is that most of Europe
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms

Charlemagne’s Reforms

Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne’s Reforms
Charlemagne set up schools and monasteries all around Europe which spreaded Christianity all over Europe.
Charlemagne set up schools and monasteries all around Europe which spreaded Christianity all over
Europe. Even though the schools did increase the amount of knowledge in the village, since the schools
now mainly teaches Christianity, this new way of teaching lessens the amount of knowledge taught and
instills more of the Christian belief in the people. Furthermore, he increased the strength of the structure
of the church and the government, which stabilizes the control of both of them. He also reformed various
aspects of economy, such as employing the use of silver currency.
Treaty of Verdun
Treaty of Verdun
Treaty of Verdun

Treaty of Verdun

Treaty of Verdun
Treaty of Verdun

After the death of emperor Louis the III, the empire’s power was in a struggle between his three sons: Charles the Bald, Lothar I, and Louis the German. Open warfare broke out between the three, ending with Lothar asking for peace. The empire was then split in three, according to the map.

out between the three, ending with Lothar asking for peace. The empire was then split in
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