Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 46

Sumer

GEOGRAPHY

RISE

Origin of the Sumerians

Sumer was first settled around 4500 and 4000 BCE between the Tigris and Euphrates river.

Origin of the Sumerians • Sumer was first settled around 4500 and 4000 BCE between the
Origin of the Sumerians • Sumer was first settled around 4500 and 4000 BCE between the

Rise of the Sumerians

The Rise of the Sumerians started when they invented their writing language in 3600 BCE.

The Sumerians started to invent things such as wheels, the plow, 60 base time, early astronomy, mathematics and the most important thing Agriculture and irrigation.

as wheels, the plow, 60 base time, early astronomy, mathematics and the most important thing Agriculture
as wheels, the plow, 60 base time, early astronomy, mathematics and the most important thing Agriculture
as wheels, the plow, 60 base time, early astronomy, mathematics and the most important thing Agriculture

TIMELINE

5400 BCE 5000 - 4100 BCE 5000 BCE – Eridu was founded – Ubaid Period
5400
BCE
5000
- 4100 BCE
5000
BCE
– Eridu was founded
– Ubaid Period
– Sumer was inhabited by Ubaid people
4500
BCE
Evidence of burial in Sumer
– Uruk was founded
First Temple
4100
- 2900 BCE
3600
BCE
3500
BCE
3000
BCE
– Uruk Period
– Invention of Writing
– Evidence of Religion in Cuneiform
– Using gold in jewelry manufacture

2900

- 2334 BCE

The Early Dynasty Period

2700

BCE

Hatti people established trade

2500

BCE

First Dynasty of Lagash under King Eannutum

 

Beginning of Literature

2350

BCE

First code of laws by Urukagina, king of Lagash

2334

- 2218 BCE

Ruled by Akkadian Empire

FALL

Fall of the Sumerians

fall of the Sumerians started when they got invaded by the Akkadian Empire under the rule of Sargon of Akkad in 2334 BCE.

Their culture, language and beliefs still lives on until the Babylon Era around 1750 BCE

After the Akkadian invasion they remain a vassal state the rest of their

history.

the Babylon Era around 1750 BCE • After the Akkadian invasion they remain a vassal state
the Babylon Era around 1750 BCE • After the Akkadian invasion they remain a vassal state

CITIES

GOVERNMENT

Monarchy + Democracy

SOCIAL STRUCTURE

RELIGION

The Sumerian are polytheistic which means that they worship many gods. In Mesopotamia they have up to 3000+ gods and goddess. These gods are there to explain the natural phenomenal around them that they can’t explain. Each city have it own god to, example of a Sumerian gods are Enki, Sin, Anu and Zababa .

ECONOMY

Mainly relied on agriculture

• Mainly relied on agriculture
• Trading

Trading

Is a thing because they can’t find the minerals in their land.
Is a thing because they
can’t find the minerals in
their land.

INVENTIONS

Systemic Agriculture

Systemic Agriculture
Systemic Agriculture
Wheels

Wheels

cute lil ox →
cute lil ox →

Plow

Sailboat

Sailboat

WRITING

Cuneiform

Cuneiform

ART

Inanna - Female Head from Uruk 3500 - 3000 BCE

Inanna - Female Head from Uruk 3500 - 3000 BCE

Votive Statues, from the Temple of Abu, Tell Asmar 2500 BCE

Votive Statues, from the Temple of Abu, Tell Asmar 2500 BCE

Other Artifacts At British Museum

Other Artifacts At British Museum

Ziggurat

SLAVERY

Most of the slaves are victims within the lands they conquered The slaves are used as domestics and concubines.

THANK YOU