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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE


General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

FURTHER MATHEMATICS 9221/1


PAPER 1
MAY/JUNE SESSION 2001 3 hours
Additionalmaterials:
Answerpaper
Graphpaper
List of Formulae

TIME 3 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces provided on the answer
paper/answer booklet.
There is no restriction on the number of questions which you may attempt.
If a numerical answer cannot be given exactly, and the accuracy required is not specified in the question,
then in the case of an angle it should be given to the nearest degree, and in other cases it should be
given correct to 2 significant figures.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 120.
Questions are printed in the order of their mark allocations and candidates are advised to attempt
questions sequentially.
The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

This question paper consists of 5 printed pages and 3 blank pages.

@ UCLES
2001 [Turn over
2

1 Solve the equation


2z3- l1z2 + 20z + 13 = 0,

given that one root is 3 + 2i. [4]

2 Given that
y = sinh-1x -tanh-1x ( -1 < x < 1),

dy = ° for only one value of x.


show that ~ [4]

3 Show that
~ ~+1 an[1 + (1 -a)n]
-;;- -m = n(n + 1) [1]

Find
N
~ an[1 + (1 -a)n]
~ n(n+ 1)

in terms of a and N. [2]

Deduce that
~ an[1 + (1 -a)n]
~ n(n+ 1)
n=l
is convergent if -1 < a < 1, and state the sum to infinity. [2]

4 Given that
J2 1
In = ,xnex dx ,
1
prove that
1
(n + 1)ln = 2n+1e2 -e + In-1. [3]

Hence find 12 in terms of e and 10. [2]

5 The sequence Ul' U2' U3' ..., where U1 = 1, is such that for n ~ 1,

un+1 -n 6u +4
-U + 3 .
n
By expressing 4- un+1 in terms of Un' prove by induction that Un < 4 for n ~ 1. [5]

9221/1/M/J/O1
3

6 Use de Moivre's theorem to show that

cos 58 = 16coss 8- 20cos3 8 + 5 cos 8. [4]

By replacing 8 by !1t -8, deduce an expression for sin 58 in terms of sin 8. [1]

Given now that


T = cosn 8 + sinn 8,
n
deduce that, when 8 = ~1t, "ccc""'C-"CC,'~'

16TS -20T 3 + 5Tl = !(1 + ..;3). [2]

t",-;'
7 The point A (2, 1) is on the curve whose equation is

3(x + 2y)2 + 16(y -2.x) = 0.

(i) Show that ~ = 1 atA. [4]

(ii) Find the value of ~ atA. [4]

8 (i) Find I: sinh 2.xdx in terms of e. [3]

(ii) Find I tanh !x dx. [2]

(iii) Find I cosh2 x dx. [3]

9 The curve r is defined parametrically by

x=t-Int, y=4(..;t- 1),


for t > 0. The points A and B on r correspond to t = 1 and t = 4 respectively.

(i) Show that the length of the arc AB of r is 3 + 21n 2. [5]

(ii) The arc AB is rotated through one revolution about the x-axis. Show that the area of the surface
generated is ~1t(11 -61n 2). [5]

9221/1/M/J/OI [Thrn over


4

10 The curve C has equation y = f(x), where

f,(x) = (x- 27x+45


1)(x + 2)2'

and A is the point (-1, -9) on C.

(i) Express f(x) in partial fractions. [5]

(ii) Hence show that, at A, ~ = O and ~ = 0. [4]

(iii) It is given that when x is just less than -1, ~ is positive, and that when x is just greaterthan -1,

~ is negative. Draw a sketch to show the shapeof C in the neighbourhood of A. [2]

11 The points A and B have position vectors 2i -9j -5k and 10i -3j -k respectively, relative to an
origin 0. The line i passesthrough A and B. The point C on i is such that OC is perpendicular to 1.

(i) Obtain a vector equation of 1. [2]

(ii) Find the length of OC. [4]

(iii) The point D has position vector i -2j -2k. Find the length of the perpendicular from B to the
plane containing A, D and 0. [5]

12 It is given that
L = (-12 -13 5
a ) and b= ( )-41 .

8 -4 18 -a -16
Show that the equation
Lx = b (A)

has a unique solution if a:#: -2. [3]

Show also that (A) has an infinite number of solutions if a = -2, and give a geometrical interpretation
of (A) in this case. [3]

It is also given that M is a non-singular 3 x 3 matrix, and that c = Mb. Show that any solution of (A)
is a solution of
MLx = c, (B)

and that any solution of (B) is a solution of (A). [4]

Show also that the equation


LMx=c
does not have a unique solution if a = -2. [2]

9221/1/M/J/O1
5

13 The multiplicative group G has the eight elementse, a, a2, a3, b, ab, a2b, a3b, where e is the identity
element, a4 = b2 = e and ba = a3b.

(i) Prove that ba2 = a2b and that ba3 = ab. [4]

(ii) Show that baba2ba3= a2b. [2]

(iii) Find the order ofa2b. [2]

(iv) Find two subgroupsof G of order 4. [3]

(v) The group H, of order 8, has elements e4!1fki, where k = 0, 1, 2, ..., 7. The group operation
for H is complex multiplication. Determine whether G and H are isomorphic and justify your
conclusion. [2]

14 The future performance of an investment fund is modelled by the differential equation

dx -!r
-+tx=e 2
dt ,

where x billion dollars is the magnitude of the fund at time t years. Given that x = 1 when t = 0, find
x in terms of t. [5]

An alternative model of future fund performance is

d2y + 15dt
5dt1" dy + 10y = 3 cos 2t -sin 2t,

where y = x -0.2. Solve this differential equation to obtain x in terms of t, assuming that the values
dx
of x and dt at t = ° are the samefor both models. [9]

Describe the predicted long-term performance of the fund in the caseof each model. [3]

9221/1/M/J/O1