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6/8/2019 Physics Animations | Askey Physics

Askey Physics
All things Physicsy

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— creepy and cool

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— Inertia — now they’re going to need two


stretchers.

— Google did a tribute to Ole Romar who gave one of the first actual calculations of the speed of light
in an ingenious way.

— Nice simple and clean. Shows the relationship between circular motion and Simple Harmonic
Motion (SHM)

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— Circular motion in one dimension is Simple Harmonic Motion which graphs as a


sinusoidal function. The blue dot is the shadow of the red dot on the x-axis. Notice
that the closer the red dot gets to vertical, the faster the blue dot moves. As the red
dot approaches the horizontal, the blue dot The slows down and eventually turns
around.

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— Check out that Moment of


Inertia of that baseball bat.

— This animation shows the two main cross products


in Physics Mechanics. We have been studying
torque, but you will study Angular Momentum (L)
in AP next spring. See how the vectors follow the
right hand rule.

— Very interesting look at the SHM of pendulums. Potential energy (mgh) vs. Kinetic
Energy (1/2mv^2) and ±momentum of the ball (vertical axis) vs. the ±vertical angle
(horizontal axis) of the string.

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— Gravitational Potential (mgh) vs. Kinetic Energy (1/2mv^2) of a pendulum.

— Baby UFT applied to a roller coaster.

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— The omega of all three vectors is the same. The


amplitudes are different.

— Believe it or not, this is simple harmonic motion of the air particles in front of a speaker.
The speaker woofer is represented by the red line on the left.

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— Shows how Hooke’s Law fits into SHM.

— Another view of how sines


and cosines fit to circular
motion.

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— Shows the effect of damping on a harmonic oscillator.

— This one is pretty darn important. Blue dot is the x projection (cos). Red dot
is the y projection (sin).

— Watching this calms me down for some reason. I don’t know of any practical use for
these Nautilus Gears, but I like them.

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— Locomotive steam engine

— Cycloid Pattern
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— Venturi Effect

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— Europa is one of those Galilean moons of Jupiter. It has more water than we do. That’s crazy man!

— Beautiful example of static equilibrium (not photoshopped). There


are people that do this sort of thing.

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— Lots of Physics in medicine. I could stare at this gif for 10 minutes. So much information.

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— Steam engine moves between linear piston motion and circular motion. Notice the
governor above keeping the motion from going too fast.

— Connection between circular motion, Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) and


linear motion.

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— 4 cycle inline internal combustion engine. We passed around the springs along the top that are
used to open and close the intake and exhaust valves.

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— This is called The Dark Night Sky Paradox. Basically . . . since the night
sky is dark there can’t be an infinite and eternal static universe.
Otherwise the sky would always be bright with light from an infinite
number of distant stars. If the universe is static, homogeneous at a
large scale, and populated by an infinite number of stars, any sight line
from Earth must end at the (very bright) surface of a star, so the night
sky should be completely bright. This contradicts the observed
darkness of the night. It must be a dynamic universe that started in
some kind of Big Bang and is expanding.

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— This is a side view of an airplane wing. Notice the shape. This


is called an “airfoil”. An airfoil is any curved surface that gives
a favorable ratio of lift to drag while in flight. Follow the air
molecules above the airfoil vs. below the airfoil. Notice how
they move faster over the top. Faster airflow has a lower
pressure than slower airflow. We discussed the reason for this
in class.

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— Another example of the air above an airfoil


moving faster than the air below the airfoil.

— Forces, inertia, acceleration = Physics! You really don’t stand a chance in a wreck. This
is why you wear a seatbelt in a car. These boaters were shaken up, but no permanent
damage. Driver was going waaaaay to fast. Girls were NOT impressed.

— Gravitational waves alternately stretch and squeeze space-time both vertically


and horizontally as they propogate. For more information click here

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— Gravity waves formed when two black holes orbit each


other. On Feb 11th, 2016 it was announced that
Gravity Waves have been confirmed (to a 5 sigma
accuracy). Dr. Einstein was correct again! It only took
physicist 100 years to confirm. LIGO finally came
through.

— Conservation of Angular Momentum. As she brings her arms


in she spins faster. When a massive star implodes it does the
same thing. Its rate of rotation goes from, say, 2 km/sec to
2000 km/sec.

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— From Earth to Uranus in 3 seconds.

— Taken from Nasa’s new Deep Space Climate Observatory as the moon passes between it and the
earth. (from Nasa’s website). No, it’s not a fake.

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— This around 1000 frames per second. We see at


around 24 frames a second. Notice that the golf ball
suffers from A LOT of internal forces during (and
the microsecond after) collision. All of this results
in a big loss in kinetic energy. Therefore, no
macroscopic collision is perfectly elastic. There is
always some energy lost in the collision. We
simplify situations in early physics classes so that
we can get the general concept. The truth is MUCH
more interesting, but unfortunately, much more
difficult in a math sense.

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— A neutron (up quark and two down quarks)


spontaneously transforming into a proton (two up
quarks and a down quark). Time in the vertical axis.
Space is the horizontal axis. The neutron gives off an
electron ( a beta particle in this case) and a
antineutrino through the W boson force carrier. The
whole process is over and done with in less than a
femtosecond.

— Good example of recoil version of conservation of momentum. He should


have not locked his elbows.

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— Poor hamster is a victim of conservation of momentum (elastic


collision in this case). We’ll assume she caught the little guy.

— Good example of Newton’s First Law: An object at rest will remain at reast and an
object in motion will remain in motion with a constant velocity (speed AND
direction) unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

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— A good example of Conservation of Angular Momentum. If the cat is


going to walk counterclockwise, the chair HAS to move clockwise to
keep the system’s Angular Momentum from changing.

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— This animation shows that it doesn’t matter what order you add vectors in
the Head-to-Tail method . . . the resultant is still the same.

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— Definition of a radian.

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— Since we were talking about Mach Numbers

— Sometimes your initial velocity is too high.

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— We live in a world that requires non-Euclidean Geometry.

— Newton’s 3rd Law can be very painful.

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— Water of Europa (a moon of Jupiter) vs. water on the Earth. Looks like Europa will be very
important to humans in the next couple hundred years.

— Just passing through. Is there a difference between the friction on his


knees vs. the friction on his face?

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— Thrust, Center of Mass, Center of


Pressure, Torque, Angular Momentum
and in two disastrous seconds.

— This cat can use a bit more Meow sub s. : )

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— We talked about the Earth precessing like a


gyroscope. There is more about this in the screen
shots from 11/17-11/21.

— An amateur astronomer caught this accidentally in 2012. Jupiter captures


another potential earth destroying asteroid that no one even knew was out
there. That visible plume from the asteroid exploding in Jupiter’s
atmosphere is about the size of the Earth. Jupiter is my best friend (sorry
Randy).

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— A 3D projection of an 8-cell
performing a double rotation about
two orthogonal planes (As in the
Black hole in Interstellar)

— Newton’s burst of colorful inspiration:

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— Check out the pictures below.

Scroll over the picture to show the hour and year:

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RE CE NT P OS TS

From now on, all important


screenshots for the week will appear
on our private Physics class
Facebook Group.
Posted on January 26, 2019

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11/26 – 11/30 (CirMot, Vectors, Free Fall) COMMENTS OFF

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