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CRANE GIRDER DESIGN MEMBER : CG1

Pv1 Pv2 Max Wheel Load = 155 kN


3.90 0.00 0.00 No of Wheels = 4 wheels
Distance between wheels (du1) a = 3.90 m
b = 0.00 m
Fh1 Fh2 c = 0.00 m
L
y
Length of Crane Bridge = 9.40 m
x
Length of Crane Girder (L) = 9.00 m
z

1. DETERMINE LOAD

a.) VERTICAL LOAD


Pv1 = 155 kN without impact Pv1a = 155 x 1.25 = 193.75 kN with impact
Pv2 = 155 kN without impact Pv2a = 155 x 1.25 = 193.75 kN with impact
Pv3 = 0 kN without impact Pv3a = 0 x 1.25 = 0.0 kN with impact
Pv4 = 0 kN without impact Pv4a = 0 x 1.25 = 0 kN with impact

b.) HORIZONTAL LOAD


Fh1 = 0.20 x [ Pv1 ] = 31.00 kN
Fh2 = 0.20 x [ Pv2 ] = 31.00 kN
Fh3 = 0.00 x [ Pv3 - (Bridge weight) / 8 ] = 0.00 kN
Fh4 = 0.00 x [ Pv4 - (Bridge weight) / 8 ] = 0.00 kN

c.) DEAD LOAD - SELFWEIGHT


W = 2.20 kN/m

d.) LOAD FACTOR

Dead Load f = 

Vertical and Horizontal Crane Load considered separately


f = 

Vertical and Horizontal Crane Load considered acting together


f = 

2. MAXIMUM MOMENT AND SHEAR

A. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/O IMPACT)

Pv1 Pv2

center
Mv = 427.98 kN-m (MAX. )

y
1.575 3.90 3.525
x L = 9.0 m

M1 = 0 kN-m
Kn-m M1 = 297.01 kN-m
427.98 kN-m M2 = 427.98 kN-m
M4 = 0.00 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM M5 = 0 kN-m
M6 = 0 kN-m
B. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/O IMPACT)
Qv = 242.66 kN (MAX. )
Pv1 Pv2
Q1 = 242.66 kN
Q2 = 87.66 kN
y
Q3 = -67.34 kN
x 3.90 5.10 Q4 = -67.34 kN
L = 9.0 m Q5 = -67.34 kN
0.00

242.66 kN 88 kN
-67.3 kN

-67.34 kN -67.34 kN

SHEAR DIAGRAM

C. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO LATERAL WHEEL LOAD


Mh = 29.06 kN-m (MAX. )
Fh1 Np = Mh/1.0 = 29.06 kN

z
x
4.50 4.50
L = 3.75 m
Fh1

59.41 Kn-m
29.06 kN-m Le = 3.75 M4 = 0.00 kN-m
M5 = 0.00 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM M6 = 0 kN-m

D. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO LATERAL WHEEL LOAD


Fh = 31.00 kN-m (MAX. )
Fh1

z
x L = 3.75 m
Fh1

48.53 kN 18 kN
0.0 kN
Le = 3.75
SHEAR DIAGRAM

E. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/ IMPACT)

Pv1a Pv2a

center
Mv2 = 535 kN-m (MAX. )

y 1.575 3.90 3.525

x L = 9.0 m

M1 = 0 kN-m
371.27 Kn-m M1 = 371.27 kN-m
535.00 kN-m M2 = 535.00 kN-m
M4 = 535.00 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM M5 = 535.00 kN-m
M6 0 kN m
F. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/ IMPACT)
Qv2 = 303.33 kN (MAX. )
Pv1a Pv2a
Q1 = 303.33 kN
Q2 = 109.58 kN
Q3 = -84.17 kN
0.01 8.99 Q4 = -84.17 kN
y
L = 9.0 m Q5 = -84.17 kN
x 0.00

303.33 kN 110 kN
-84.17 kN

-84.17 kN -84.17 kN

SHEAR DIAGRAM

G. MAXIMUM MOMENT AND SHEAR DUE TO SELFWEIGHT

WL 2.20 x 9.00
Q = =
2 2

= 9.90 kN

WL^2 2.20 x 9.00 ^2


M = =
8 8
= 22.28 kN-m

H. FACTORED MOMENT AND SHEAR

a.) Vertical crane load with impact and no horizontal crane load
Maximum moment

Mx = 1.4 x M + 1.6 x Mv2


= ( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.6 x 535.00)
= 887.19 kN-m

Maximum shear

Fa = 1.4 x Q + 1.6 x Qv2


= ( 1.4 x 9.90 ) + ( 1.6 x 303.33)
= 499.19 kN

b.) Vertical crane load with no impact and horizontal crane load

Vertical maximum moment Maximum axial load

Mx = 1.4 x M + 1.6 x Mv1 N = 1.6 x Np


= ( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.6 x 427.98) = 1.6 x 29.06
= 715.96 kN-m = 46.50 kN

Horizontal maximum moment

My = 1.6 x Mh
= 1.6 x 29.06
= 46.50 kN-m

c.) Vertical crane load with impact and horizontal crane load acting together

Vertical maximum moment Maximum axial load

Mx = 1.4 x M + 1.4 x Mv2 N = 1.4 x Np


= ( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.4 x 535.00) = 1.4 x 29.06
= 780.19 kN-m = 40.69 kN
Horizontal maximum moment

My = 1.4 x Mhp
= 1.4 x 29.06
= 40.69 kN-m
3. DESIGN OF CRANE GIRDER
a.) SECTION MEMBER PROPERTIES : ( See Section Properties Calculation ) UB914x305x224

FIG. 1 B
T D = 91.04 cm d = 86.26 cm
b B = 30.41 cm A = 282.51 cm^2
tw = 1.59 cm Af = 72.68 cm^2
D Tf = 2.39 cm x = 38.09 cm
d
t Ix = 370702.52 cm^4 u = 0.9
Iy = 11230.90 cm^4 ry = 6.31 cm
2
Sx = 9400.79 cm³ py = 265.0 N/mm
2
Zy = 738.63 cm³ pyw = 265.0 N/mm
Zfy = 368.37 cm³ Le = 375 cm
b.) BUCKLING RESISTANCE MOMENT FOR THE XX-AXIS
( Table 11 )  = 275 / py = 1.02

b 14.4 275
= = 6.03 < 9.0 = 9.0 = 9.17
T 2.39 265.0

b 14.4 275
= = 6.03 <28 = 28.0 = 28.52
T 2.39 265.0

d 86.3 275
= = 54.25 <80 = 80.0 = 81.5
t 1.59 265.0
SECTION IS PLASTIC
SLENDERNESS CHECK ( 4.3.6.7 )

Le 375.00
 = = = 59.43
ry 6.31
( 200.00 = back truss lattice pitch )
 = 0.5 For symmetrical H shape ( 4.3.6.7 )

 59.43 1.6
= = 1.6
x 38.09

v = 0.968 From Table 19 BS 5950 Part I 2000

LT = u.v. w w = 1.0 ( Section is plastic ) from 4.3.6.9


= 52

pb = 200.2 N/mm2 From Table 17 BS 5950 Part I 2000


pc = 230 N/mm2 From Table 24 c BS 5950 Part I 2000

Mb = Sx.pb = 9401 x 200.20 /10^3


= 1882.04 kn-m
c.) MOMENT CAPACITY FOR THE SECTION FOR YY-AXIS
Mzy = Zfy.py = 368.37 x 265 /10^3
= 97.62 kn-m
4. CHECK IN BENDING
a.) Vertical moment with impact and no horizontal moment

Mx = 887.19 kn-m < Mb = 1882.04 kn-m O.K.


b.) Vertical moment with no impact and horizontal moment

N Mx My
+ + < 1.0
AfPc Mb Mzy
46500.00 715.96 46.50
+ + < 1.0
1671637.7 1882.04 97.62
0.89 < 1.0 O.K.
c.) Vertical moment with impact and horizontal moment
N Mx My < 1.0
+ +
APc Mb Mzy
40687.50 780.19 40.69 < 1.0
+ +
1671637.7 1882.04 97.62
0.86 < 1.0 O.K.
5. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION
a.) VERTICAL
L 9000
= = 9.00 mm
1000 1000
a.) HORIZONTAL
L 3750
= = 7.50 mm
500 500
Consider 2 wheels inside the 9.0m beam span ,
4x[155x2550x(9000^2-2550^2-4500^2)+155x6450x(9000^2-6450^2-4500^2)
v =
6x205000x3707025200x9000/1000000

5 x 28251 x 78.5 / 1000000 x 9000^4


+
384 x 205000 x 3707025200

= 4.21 mm < 9.00 mm O.K.


31000 x 3750^3
h =
48 x 205000 x 112309000

= 1.48 mm < 7.50 mm O.K.


6. SHEAR CAPACITY

Py = 0.60 x d x t py

= 0.60 x 863 x 16 x 265 /10^3

= 2180.74 kN

Py = 2180.74 kN > Fa = 499.19 kN O.K.

7. WEB BUCKLING AND BEARING

d/t = 54.25 < 62 = 63.24 ( from 4.4.5.1 )

Shear buckling strength of web From Table 21 of BS 5950 Part I 2000

qw = 158 N/mm2

Buckling Resistance

Vb = d t qw

Vb = 863 x 16 x 158 /1000

= 2167.02 kn > 499.19 kN O.K.


Bearing Capacity of web ( 4.5.2 of BS 5950 Part I 2000 )

Pbw = ( b1 + n k ) t pyw t = 16 mm
T = 28 mm
k = 28 mm ( k = T )
- except at the end of the member : n = 5
b1 + nk = t +2T + 5T = 212 mm
Pbw = 212 x 16 x 265 /10^3
= 898.88 kN > 620.00 kN O.K.
- at end of the member : n = 2 + 0.6 be / k
be = ( B - t - 2T ) / 2 = 116 mm
n = 2 + 0.6 x 116 / 28 = 4.49 > 5.0 n = 4.5
b1 + nk = t + 2T + 4.5T = 197.63 mm
Pbw = 197.6 x 16 x 265 /10^3
= 837.9512 kN Fx = 499.19 kN O.K.
Fx - Pbw = 499.2 - 838.0 = -338.76 kN
Ps = As net x Py
= 20 x (400 -20 -20 ) x 265/1000
= 1908 kN > -338.76 kN O.K.
Local compression under wheels

The local compressive stress in the web due to crane wheel load is obtained by distributing it to over the length x R given by
4.11.4 of BS 5950-1 : 2000.

xR = 2 (HR + T) < sw = 3900 mm HR = 25 mm


P = 193.8 x 1.6 = 310.00 kN
xR = 106 mm

pcw = P / ( tw * xR )
xR
= 183 N/mm2 < pyw = 265 N/mm2 ( O.K. )

DIAGONAL MEMBER
SECTION PROPERTY (T152x76x19)
L A = 23.3 cm^2
Nh rx,ry = 2.00 cm
0.80

ru = 3.83 cm
rv = 1.95 cm
1.75 L = 192.40 cm

31.0 kN x 1.924 x 1.6


Nh =
0.8
= 119.29 kN

b 100.00 275
= = 10 < 15 = 15 = 15
t 10.00 275

b+d 200.00 275


= = 20 < 24 = 24 = 24
t 10.00 275

SECTION IS SEMI COMPACT

SLENDERNESS CHECK

0.70 L 0.70 x 192.4


 = + 30 = + 30
rx 2.002
= 97

L 192.40
 = >
ry 2.002
= 96

pc = 150 N/mm2 Compressive Strength From Table 24 curve c BS 5950 Part I 2000

119.29 x 10
< 1.0
23.3 x 150

0.34 < 1.0 O.K.