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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region III
Schools Division Office
PADRE GREGORIO CRISOSTOMO INTEGRATED SCHOOL
Aduas Sur, Cabanatuan City

Pre-Test
Grade 9 Science
1. Which of these is the function of the respiratory system?
A. Holding up the body and giving it support and shape.
B. Gas exchange between the external environment and the body's circulatory system.
C. Breaking down food for it to be used by the body.
D. Responsible for distributing materials throughout the body.
2. Which organ of the respiratory system is responsible for gas exchange where carbon dioxide is given off and oxygen is
taken in.
A. kidneys B. lungs C. intestines D. diaphragm
3. Small air sacs in the lungs where many capillaries exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen taken into the body.
A. bronchi B. alveoli C. trachea D. bronchioles
4. What happens to your diaphragm when you exhale?
A. it relaxes C. it contracts
B. it relaxes and contracts D. it absorbs air
5. What happens to your diaphragm when you inhale?
A. it relaxes C. it contracts
B. it relaxes and contracts D. it releases air
6. Which is the correct pathway of air in the lungs?
A. nose → nasal passages → trachea → bronchi → bronchioles → alveoli
B. nasal passages → nose → trachea → bronchi → bronchioles → alveoli
C. nasal passages → nose → trachea → bronchioles→ bronchi → alveoli
D. nose → nasal passages → trachea → bronchioles→ bronchi → alveoli
7. What blood type is also known as the universal donor?
A. blood type A B. blood type B C. blood type AB D. blood type O
8. What is the blood type that is considered as the universal recipient?
A. blood type A B. blood type B C. blood type AB D. blood type O
9. Which of the following organ carry air into the lungs.
A. bronchi and bronchiole tubes C. alveoli
B. sinuses D. airsacs
10. A large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity and helps with breathing.
A. larynx C. trachea
B. diaphragm D. ribs
11. Who is the Australian who worked in his garden and governed the laws of genetics?
A. Charles Darwin C. Louis Pasteur
B. Gregor Mendel D. Alexander Fleming
12. Which of the following will develop a third phenotype?
A. codominance C. dominance
B. incomplete dominance D. recessiveness
13. What type of dominance is shown when both alleles are expressed?
A. codominance C. dominance
B. incomplete dominance D. recessiveness
14. Pollutants dumped into the rivers and streams eventually find their way to ______.
A. the ocean B. the atmosphere C. the hydrosphere D. groundwater supplies
15. Which of the following chemical formula represents glucose?
A. 𝐶7 𝐻12 𝑂6 B. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂7 C. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 D. 𝐶6 𝐻6 𝑂12
16. Which of the following is always paired with thymine?
A. adenine B. guanine C. cytosine D. pyrimidine
17. Which of the following is the correct equation for photosynthesis?
A. 6𝐶𝑂2 + 6𝐻2 𝑂 + Light → 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 + 6𝑂2
B. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 → 2𝐶3 𝐻6 𝑂3 + 2ATP
C. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 → 2𝐶5 𝐻5 𝑂𝐻 + 2𝐶𝑂2 + 2ATP
D. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 + 6𝑂2 → 𝐶𝑂2 + 6𝐻2 𝑂 + energy
18. Which of the following is the correct equation for cellular respiration?
A. 6𝐶𝑂2 + 6𝐻2 𝑂 + Light → 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 + 6𝑂2
B. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 → 2𝐶3 𝐻6 𝑂3 + 2ATP
C. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 → 2𝐶5 𝐻5 𝑂𝐻 + 2𝐶𝑂2 + 2ATP
D. 𝐶6 𝐻12 𝑂6 + 6𝑂2 → 𝐶𝑂2 + 6𝐻2 𝑂 + energy
19. One chain of a DNA molecule has a nucleotide sequence C, C, G, C, T. What is the sequence of the nucleotides on its
partner chain?
A. G, G, C, G, A C. T, T, C, G, A
B. A, A, G, C, C D. A, A, T, A, C
20. A large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity and helps with breathing.
A. larynx C. trachea
B. diaphragm D. ribs
21. Which of the following plays an important role in the body’s immune system?
A. erythrocytes C. plasma
B. leukocytes D. platelets
22. Which type of blood vessel carries blood away from the heart?
A. artery B. capillary C. vein D. aorta
23. What is the liquid part of the blood?
A. plasma B. erythrocytes C. leukocytes D. platelets
24. Which of the following can best be compared to a soldier?
A. lungs B. RBC C. WBC D. capillaries
25. Which heart valve regulates blood flow between the right atrium and the right ventricle?
A. pulmonary B. tricuspid C. mitral D. aortic
26. Oxygen and carbon dioxide are gases that cycle out in the ecosystem. Which of the following gases is important to
photosynthesis?
A. ozone gas B. water vapor C. oxygen D. carbon dioxide
27. Plants are considered as food makers. In which of the following cell organelles does photosynthesis occur?
A. ribosome B. chlorophyll C. chloroplast D. mitochondrion
28. The light-dependent reaction of photosynthesis must come first before the light independent reaction because its products
are important to the fixation of carbon dioxide. Which of the following is/are the product/s of the light–dependent reaction?
A. ADP only B. NADPH only C. ATP only D. NADPH and ATP
29. Plants are very unique among other organisms due to their capability to trap sunlight and make their own food. Which of
the following enables plants to trap energy from the sun?
A. epidermis B. chloroplast C. cuticle D. chlorophyll
30. All organisms get energy from food to perform different life processes. This is done in the cells by breaking down sugar
molecules into chemical energy. Which of the following cell organelles is associated with the production of chemical
energy?
A. chloroplast B. mitochondrion C. endoplasmic reticulum D. nucleus
31. When one characteristic is more strongly inherited than another characteristics, it is said to be _______.
A. monohybrid B. dihybrid C. dominant D. recessive
32. Phenotype refers to the ___________ of an individual
A. actual physical appearance C. recessive alleles
B. genetic makeup D. genes
33. What is the total number of chromosomes of human?
A. 46 B. 23 C. 26 D. 43
34. The human sex chromosome for male is _____
A. XX B. YY C. XY D. XZ
35. Abby wants to know if leaves are capable of making food during night time. Which of the following experimental design
should Abby do to get an accurate answer to her question?
A. Put one potted plant in a very dark place over night and test for the presence of starch.
B. Cover the plant with paper bag overnight and test for the presence of starch.
C. Put one potted plant under the sun and the other in a shaded area for two hours and test for the presence of starch.
D. Cover one leaf of a potted plant with carbon paper for two hours and test for the presence of starch.
36. A vegetable farmer wants to increase his harvest. Which of the following should the farmer consider?
A. the kind of soil only C. the amount of water only
B. the location of the plots only D. all of the above
37. The father of Genetics is ______________________.
A. Albert Einstein B. Pedro Calder C. Bill Gates D. Gregor Mendel
38. What does rr represents?
A. Homozygous dominant C. Heterozygous recessive
B. Homozygous recessive D. Heterozygous dominant
39. The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A. Genes B. DNA C. Heredity D. Purebred
40. What is used to determine the probability for one’s offspring?
A. test cross B. punnett square C. back cross D. square knots
41. Which of the following is NOT a component of the blood?
A. plasma B. red blood cells C. white blood cells D. none of these
42. It is a type of pulmonary disease involving damage to the airsacs.
A. bronchitis B. emphysema C. tuberculosis D. laryngitis
43. It is a condition in which there is thickening and hardening of the arteries.
A. arterioles B. arteriosclerosis C. arteringitis D. hyperclerosis
44. The following statements are true about chromosome, EXCEPT
A. Genes are found in chromosome.
B. Humans have 22 pairs of chromosomes.
C. Chromosomes are found inside the nucleus.
D. The arms of chromosomes are joined together by centromere.
45. What is the phenotypic ratio of a dihybrid cross?
A. 4:3:3:1 B. 9:3:3:1 C. 1:2:1:1 D. 4:5:1:2
46. Some endangered species of plants in tropical rain forests may be sources of _____.
A. fossil fuel B. medicine C. carbon D. hazardous waste
47. Complete the statement: Humans are using ______ natural resources than they did 100 years ago.
A. fewer B. better C. more D. any
48. What is the group of the same organisms living together for a given period of time?
A. ecosystem C. colony
B. population D. community
49. What is the formula we use to know the population density?
A. Population density = no. of individuals x size of area
B. Population density = no. of individuals ÷ size of area
C. Population density = size of area ÷ no. of individuals
D. Population density = size of area + no. of individuals
50. The average temperature of the earth’s atmosphere may rise as a result of ______.
A. the greenhouse effect B. water pollution C. garbage dumping D. air pollution

Prepared by:

RANDOLF N. CRUZ
Subject Teacher
SCIENCE 9
ANSWER KEY

1 B
2 B 26 D
3 B 27 C
4 A 28 D
5 C 29 D
6 A 30 B
7 D 31 C
8 C 32 A
9 C 33 A
10 B 34 C
11 B 35 A
12 B 36 D
13 A 37 D
14 A 38 B
15 C 39 C
16 A 40 B
17 A 41 D
18 D 42 B
19 A 43 B
20 B 44 B
21 B 45 B
22 A 46 B
23 A 47 C
24 C 48 B
25 B 49 B
50 A