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# Lesson Plan in Mathematics 10

I. Learning Outcomes:

Standards of Learning
The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of arithmetic sequence
Performance Standard
The learner is able to formulate an arithmetic sequence
Learning Competency
The students will be able to illustrate an arithmetic sequence.

## II. Subject Matter:

Topic: Arithmetic Sequence
References: College Algebra: Third Edition by Rice . Strange, pp. 293 – 295
Materials: projector, laptop, blackboard, chalk, eraser, pentel pen, manila paper,
acivity sheets

III. Procedure

## A. Introduction of the lesson

1. Initiatory Activity
Class, I have here some brain teasers that will tickle your mind to think.
a. How many numbers from one to one hundred that has a letter “a” in spelling?
b. The father of Marianne has 5 children namely: Nanny, Norman, Mainne, and
Daryl. Who is the fifth child?

2. Drill
Any volunteer to solve problems on the board.
1. 13 + (– 2) Ans. 11
2. – 10 – (– 5) Ans. – 5
3. 7 + 4 Ans. 11
4. 14 + (–7) Ans. 7
5. –17 + 14 Ans. – 3

3. Review
Class, let us recall what you already tackled in your previous lesson.
b. How to subtract integers?
4. Clearance of Difficulty
As we go along with our lesson, we will meet some words that you will find it
hard to understand. And those are some of the following:
a. Term
- is a set of numbers with definite order or arrangement and formed according
to definite rule.
b. Sequence
- are numbers in a given sequence.
c. Common Difference
- obtained from subtracting the preceding terms.

## B. Development of the Lesson

1. Motivation
Present a video involving patterns and sequences
What is the video all about?
What part of the video catch your attention?
If you were Maria, what is the best decision to do in order for you to return in
the palace secured and safe?

2. Lesson Proper
Class our lesson for today is all about arithmetic sequence. The objective for
you to achieve at the end of the lesson is to illustrate an arithmetic sequence.

a. Student Activity 1:
Supposing I have here a problem and this is an example of an arithmetic
sequence. Your objective is to count the number of matchsticks in each figure and
record the results in the table. Then give your summary of results stated on activity 2
using numbers 4 (first term) and 3 (common difference) only to answer each box on
the 2nd row. You may use any of the four operations to factor out each term as long
as the combination of both numbers 3 and 4 are being used. Use any variable that will
represent the four key terms including the first term and common difference. Finally
you will derive your own conjecture based on the result of your activity (see attached
activity sheet). The activity is good only for 10 minutes and once I say stop, prepare
for the presentation of your outputs.

b. Student Activity 2:
Each group will present their respective output in class (Reporting)
3. Summarizing/Organizer

a. Abstraction
Based on the results of your activity, can you define an arithmetic
What are the four key terms being used? In your own words, can you
define each one?
Using the key terms you have stated earlier, can you derive a formula
based on the result of your activity?

b. Graphic Organizer
Moreover to illustrate further the concept of arithmetic sequence. This is
the formula:
1st term

𝑎n = 𝑎1 + (𝑛 − 1)d
nth term or common
is the position of difference
last term the term in the
sequence

c. Generalization
The formula you have created a while ago based on the outputs being
presented is what we called Arithmetic Sequence. In finding the unknown value in an
arithmetic sequence, first, we need to identify what is ask or unknown in the problem
and get the given facts. Then substitute the desired values in the formula
An = A1 + (n – 1)d. Finally, solve for the missing term.

4. Application
Pick among the envelopes and solve each problem using the formula of
arithmetic sequence.
Problem No. 1
How many terms are there in the arithmetic sequence – 17, – 9, –1, 7, ...., 223?
Ans. 31

Problem No. 2
The first term of an arithmetic sequence is equal to 200 and the common
difference is equal to – 10. Find the value of the 20th term.
Ans. 10

Problem No. 3
The fifth term of an arithmetic sequence is 15 and the 12th term is 36. Find
the first term and common difference.
Ans. A1 = 3 and d = 3

## IV. Formative Assessment

Direction: Read carefully each problem. Show your complete solution and box the final