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UTILIZATION OF ALUMINUM BEVERAGE WASTE AS PRODUCER

OF HYDROGEN GAS USING CATALYST SODIUM HYDROXIDE


(NaOH) OR CALIUM HYDROXIDE (KOH)

a. introduction
The current global environment demands a Hydrogen production can also be done
better level of environmental quality, by steam reforming from hydrocarbons
encouraging various energy experts to
(Pencovadkk, 2011).
develop more environmentally friendly
energy by replacing fossil fuels into In addition, hydrogen can resulting from
renewable energy materials and supporting the reaction of metals and water with the
guaranteed sustainable supply.
help of a catalyst. One of them is the
The results of the study are expected to be hydrogen produced from alumi nium
able to overcome several problems related metal reacted with distilled water using a
to the use of petroleum. Wrong one form NaOH or KOH catalyst. At present, the
of renewable energy that is of great use of aluminum is increasing. One of the
concern today many countries, especiallyin uses aluminum in the soft drink industry
developed countries are hydrogen. where aluminum is used as packaging of
soft drinks (soft drinks). Ordinary
Hydrogen is projected by many countries it aluminum mixed to add mechanical
will fuel a more friendly properties and strength, such as aluminum
future environment and efficient. Where foil and beverage cans contain about 92-
the energy supply produced is very 99% of the remaining aluminum,
clean because it only produces moisture as namely copper, zinc, magnesia,
emissions during the process. manganese, silica and other metals with
levels little percent (Zamani, 2014).
Hydrogen gas cannot be mined but must
be produced. Alternative this can be done Utilization of beverage can waste for a
by using an electrolysis process using material to produce energy has not been
water with photo reactions of oxynitride done much. Even though aluminum
catalysis (Recommend Maeda, 2006) or beverage cans are waste enough can be
process electrolysis using a solid oxide processed into hydrogen gas. In this study,
catalyst (Zangkkk, 2010). the author take research on beverage cans
waste that are often found as well has a lot
Method hydrogen production from
of aluminum content found in pocari sweat
biomass includes biological methods
cans.
(Claassendkk, 2010) and chemistry
(Kırtay, 2011).
According to Siregar's research (2010), Reaction time is maintained with
both acid and catalyst catalysts neutral 200 rpm stirring . Hydrogen gas
cannot produce hydrogen gas. Instead by collection used pumpkin filled silicone oil
using strong base catalyst, both NaOH and placed on the scales. Aluminum is
KOH give higher hydrogen yields. inserted into the reactor tube together with
the stirred bar, and prepares the stopwatch
b. Materials and Methods
to calculate the hydrogen gas produced
The tools used in this study are measuring while injecting the NAOH or KOH
and closing flasks, measuring cups , solution into the reactor tube.
magnetic stirred, hotplate stirred,
Calculate how much hydrogen gas is
scissors, hoses, analytical scales, spatulas,
produced in a retention time of 5-10
reactor tubes, hydrogen storage flasks,
seconds until the scale is stable.
static.

Materials used in research in i is waste


cans Pocari Sweat, aquadest
NaOH or KOH, silicone oil .

Work procedures

The Process of Making Hydrogen


Gas Waste beverage cans with the cleaned
Pocari Sweat brand the paint using
sandpaper. After removing the paint, the
beverage can is likened to the size of
the paper jarand weighed by the sample
weight 0.02 gr.

Then a solution of NaOH or KOH is made


with concentration respectively 1M, 2M,
3M, 4M . At this stage each can is cut it is
put in a measuring flaskcontaining NaOH
solution with concentration each 1M, 2M,
3M, 4M.

Then closed the mouth measuring


flask using a cover. The temperature used
is room temperature 25˚ C. reaction used a
water bath as the cooling medium.