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SAMPLE SAFETY TRAINING AND

INSTRUCTION PROGRAM

REINFORCING
STEEL SAFETY
REINFORCING
(EMPLOYER NAME) STEEL SAFETY

DISCLAIMER

This sample safety program is intended solely as a


guide and template for employer reference and
use. This sample program is not intended to be
implemented as is, nor is it intended to comply with
any federal, state, or local regulation or
statute. Rather, the sample program is meant to
assist each employer in developing its own written
safety program based upon its specific needs and
requirements. An employer should review the OSHA
standards for specific requirements applicable to its
operations and make adjustments to this sample
program based upon those requirements. An
employer will need to modify the sample safety
program by adding information relevant to its
particular jobsites or facilities in order to develop an
effective, comprehensive program. The failure of an
employer to develop its own written safety program
designed for its own operations may result in a
violation of OSHA standards.

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REGULATORY STANDARD: OSHA - 29 CFR 1926.701

OSHA Website: www.osha.gov


Reference Date: Nov 2015

GENERAL: (EMPLOYER NAME) will ensure that all potential hazards regarding
Reinforcing Steel at our job sites are evaluated. This standard practice instruction is
intended to address comprehensively the issues of; evaluating and identifying
potential deficiencies, evaluating the associated potential hazards, communicating
information concerning these hazards, and establishing appropriate procedures, and
protective measures for employees.

RESPONSIBILITY: The Company Safety Officer is responsible for all facets of this
program and has full authority to make necessary decisions to ensure success of the
program. The Safety Officer is authorized to amend these instructions and is
authorized to halt any operation of the company where there is danger of serious
personal injury.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Written Program 8. Securing Vertical Structures

2. General Requirements 9. Code of Safe Practices

3. Company Safety Policy 10. Written Assessment

4. Job Site Inspections 11. Training Topics

5. Fall Prevention and Protection 12. Pre-Shift Inspection

6. Training and Instruction 13. Job Hazard Analysis

7. Fall Rescue Plan

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1. WRITTEN PROGRAM

(EMPLOYER NAME) will review and evaluate this standard practice instruction on an
annual basis, or when changes occur to the governing regulatory standards, that
prompt revision of this document, or when operational changes occur that require a
revision of this document. Effective implementation requires a written program for job
safety and health, that is endorsed and advocated by the highest level of
management within (EMPLOYER NAME) and that outlines our goals and plans. This
written program will be communicated to all required personnel. It is designed to
establish clear goals, and objectives.

2. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

All job sites and equipment owned by (EMPLOYER NAME) will be maintained in a
safe and healthful manner. Certain work conditions may contain a reasonable
probability of injury that can be prevented by proper maintenance and supervision.
(EMPLOYER NAME) will do all possible to ensure the safety of our employees. No
employee will knowingly be subjected to a hazardous condition without all possible
protective measures first being implemented.

3. COMPANY SAFETY POLICY

To insure safety and serviceability the following general precautions concerning


Reinforcing Steel installation will be observed:

3.1 All protruding reinforcing steel, onto and into which employees could fall,
shall be guarded to eliminate the hazard of impalement.

3.2 Reinforcing Steel walls, piers, columns, and similar vertical structures shall
be adequately supported to prevent overturning and to prevent collapse.

3.3 Employees shall take measures to prevent unrolled wire mesh from

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recoiling. Such measures may include, but are not limited to, securing each
end of the roll or turning over the roll.

3.4 Construction loads. No construction loads shall be placed on a concrete


structure or portion of a concrete structure unless the employer determines,
based on information received from a person who is qualified in structural
design, that the structure or portion of the structure is capable of supporting the
loads.

3.5 Reinforcing steel. All protruding reinforcing steel, onto and into which
employees could fall, shall be guarded to eliminate the hazard of impalement.

3.6 Post-tensioning operation No employee (except those essential to the post-


tensioning operations) shall be permitted to be behind the jack during
tensioning operations.

3.6.1 Signs and barriers shall be erected to limit employee access to the
post-tensioning area during tensioning operations.

3.7 Riding concrete buckets. No employee shall be permitted to ride concrete


buckets.

3.8 Working under loads No employee shall be permitted to work under


concrete buckets while buckets are being elevated or lowered into position.

3.8.1 To the extent practical. elevated concrete buckets shall be routed


so that no employee, or the fewest number of employees, are exposed
to the hazards associated with falling concrete buckets.

4. JOB SITE INSPECTIONS

Pre-shift inspections shall be performed daily.

4.1 Project Foremen shall conduct daily jobsite safety inspections. Inspections

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shall be documented. Safety hazards shall be corrected and documented.

4.2 The Project Superintendent/General Foreman shall conduct visual


inspections and report any unsafe act or condition to the Project Foreman for
immediate correction. The Superintendent shall document any unsafe
conditions and corrections in his daily report.

4.3 Operators of equipment shall conduct and document daily inspections.

4.4 The project Supervisor shall conduct daily visual inspections of falsework,
formwork and excavations. Hazards shall be corrected before workers are
permitted to continue work. Documentation shall be maintained for all
inspections noting any hazards and the corrective action taken.

5. FALL PROTECTION AND PREVENTION

The following requirements shall be met to prevent falls on walking working surfaces
and to lower levels.

5.1 Consideration shall be given to worker access at all projects. Work decks
or platforms, stairways, walkways, guardrails and ladders shall be provided by
the controlling contractor and constructed to OSHA specifications. Proper
access shall be installed as soon as practicable to minimize the need for
PFAS. (CONTRACTOR NAME) employees shall not access work areas that
are not protected by the required fall protection.

5.2 Planning must include work practices that provide for 100% fall protection.
Other access considerations include:

 Ladder availability and ladder tie-off requirements;

 Inspection and maintenance of work areas, guardrails, etc.;

 Emergency planning and escape routes.

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5.3 Positioning Device Systems (PDS). A PDS shall be worn by those


employees whose work exposes them to falls in excess of 6 feet while working
on the face of reinforcing steel assemblies. Exception: Point-to-point horizontal
or vertical travel on reinforcing steel up to 24 feet above the surface below,
providing there are no impalement hazards.

5.3.1 Each PDS shall consist of a body belt and rebar chain assembly
(or a positioning lanyard) and an anchorage, which meet the
requirements of OSHA 29 CFR 1926, Subpart M. Other requirements
include:

 Positioning Device systems shall be inspected prior to


each use.

 Positioning devices (i.e. rebar chain assemblies, etc.) shall


be rigged such that a worker cannot fall more than two
feet.

 Anchorages for positioning devices shall be capable of


supporting at least twice the potential impact of a workers
fall, or 3,000 pounds, whichever is greater.

 Snaphooks shall be sized to be compatible with other


components, such as D-rings, to prevent unintentional
disengagement (roll-out).

 Snaphooks shall be locking.

5.3 Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS). A PFAS shall be worn by those
employees whose work exposes them to falls in excess of 24 feet while
working on the face of reinforcing steel assemblies, or 6 feet from the perimeter

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of a structure, and/or unprotected sides or edges. Each PFAS shall consist of a


full body harness and lanyard with a deceleration device (or a positioning
lanyard) and an anchorage, which meet the requirements of OSHA 29 CFR
1926, Subpart M. Other requirements include:

 The force exerted on a worker in a fall shall be limited to 1,800


pounds and the maximum deceleration distance limited to 3.5
feet.

 Lanyards shall be located on the back D-ring and must be worn in


the center of the back.

 PFAS's shall be inspected before each use for damage or


deterioration. Damaged equipment shall be removed from service
until repaired or destroyed.

 PFAS's subjected to impact from a fall shall be removed from


service.

 PFAS's shall not be attached to handrails or hoisting devices.

 PFAS components shall be used only for worker protection and


shall not be used for hoisting materials.

6. TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION

All workers who may be exposed to fall hazards shall be trained to recognize and
minimize these hazards. Workers shall be informed of the contents of all (EMPLOYER
NAME) and OSHA fall protection policies. This instruction shall include:

 The nature of fall hazards in the work area;

 Correct procedures for fall arrest systems being used;

 The use of guardrail, and other protection to be used;

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 The role of employees in the fall protection plan;

 Fall rescue procedures.

6.1 A written record of training and instruction shall be maintained on the job site
and at (EMPLOYER NAME)’s office. Records shall include:

 Employees name and signature;

 Date of training and instruction; and

 Signature of person conducting training and instruction.

6.2 Retraining shall be conducted whenever:

 There is reason to believe the employee does not have an understanding of


the skills required and the safety standards.

 Changes on the project that render previous training and instruction


obsolete;

 Changes in fall arrest or fall protection systems or equipment that render


previous training obsolete;

 Directed by the Safety Director or Supervisor based on observations that


indicate inadequacies in employee knowledge, or use of fall protection
systems or the skills to perform the work safely.

7. FALL RESCUE PLAN

If a fall occurs, any employee hanging from the fall-arrest system must be rescued
safely and quickly. Planning shall take place before there is any risk of a fall. One or
more of the following methods shall be utilized:

 Equipment that lets the victim rescue himself.

 A system for rescue by co-workers if available:

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o Crane with an approved man basket.

o Ropes or litter to lower the victim.

o Ladder to assist in support for the victim.

o Call the emergency services number listed at the project.

7.1 The methods for rescue, as listed above, should only be utilized if the rescue
can be accomplished safely. Move the victim carefully, as injuries may exist.

 All employees shall be aware of the plan.

 All employees shall know the availability and location of rescue equipment.

 Employees shall be instructed in self-rescue and the rescue of others.

7.2 The Following should be done during the rescue:

 Provide fall protection for the victim and the rescuers.

 Communicate with the victim and monitor him constantly.

 Call any additional rescue service needed.

8. SECURING VERTICAL STRUCTURES

Reinforcing steel for walls, piers, columns, and similar vertical structures, shall be
guyed, braced, or supported to prevent collapse. Guys, supports, and braces shall be
installed and removed as directed by a qualified person. Never climb on a rebar
structure that is not secure or properly and sufficiently guyed. The following guidelines
shall be followed:

1. Use the appropriate size and strength material for guys, braces, and supports.
Always guy to a suitable anchor or install a proper deadman.

2. When lashing is used for guy anchors, make sure that clips are tight and that
there is at least one dead turn on the lashing.

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3. When installing cable clips, be sure that you have the proper size and amount.
Use only forged steel clips. Start by tightening the clip furthest away from the
thimble or eye. Complete the tightening of clips before going on to any other
job.

4. When installing cable clips, use the five step method:

Step 1: Apply first clip - one base width from dead end of wire rope - U-
Bolt over dead end - live end rests in clip saddle. "NEVER SADDLE A
DEAD HORSE!" (Never saddle the dead end.) Tighten nuts evenly to
recommended torque.

Step 2: Apply second clip - nearest loop as possible - U-Bolt over dead
end turn on nuts firm but DO NOT TIGHTEN.

Step 3: ALL OTHER CLIPS - Space equally between first two.

Step 4: Apply Tension and tighten all nuts to recommended torque.

Step 5: Recheck nut torque after rope has been in operation.

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5. After strain has been applied to the cable, make sure that clips are tight. Wire
rope diameter becomes smaller under strain, clips should be checked
frequently.

6. Choose the correct turnbuckle for the job. To prevent turnbuckle from
unscrewing under strain, wire or attach it to a solid object.

7. Caution tape should be applied to guy wires at eye level for visibility.

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9. Code of Safe Practices

REINFORCING STEEL

The following Project Safety Requirements are to ensure a safe work environment
for our employees. Employees are to understand and acknowledge these
requirements. Violations may result in disciplinary action.

1. Report to work in good physical condition.

2. Each employee shall have a thorough understanding of his or her specific job.

3. If you discover a practice or condition that in your opinion is not safe, do


not ignore it! Report it to your foreman immediately. If you do not feel that
you can tell your foreman, tell your superintendent. If that is not possible,
contact the Company Safety Officer or Safety Director. Employees shall
report unsafe conditions and practices to their supervisor. NO ONE WILL
BE REPRIMANDED FOR REPORTING AN UNSAFE CONDITION OR
PRACTICE.

4. All employees will receive a verbal orientation at the time of employment


regarding Company Safety Policies and Procedures and hazards
associated with specific job related tasks. The orientation will inform the
worker of the safety practices, both general and specific for his/her work,
the need to report accidents or illness, the existence of medical facilities
and first aid, the prevention of fires and the maintenance of his/her work
area, hazardous material exposure potential, Equal Employment
Opportunity, and Sexual Harassment Policies.

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5. Injuries don’t always happen to the other person - be careful; bend down
projecting nails and wire ends to prevent puncture injuries; report worn or
frayed rigging; keep all tools and equipment in first class condition and use
them properly.

6. Follow proper lifting procedures for the task you are performing.

7. Do not wear shirts or jackets open or with loose, baggy sleeves that could
hang up on dowels and formwork. Ragged or torn clothing or gloves are a
hazard. Wearing rings or jewelry should be avoided. Appropriate work
boots, in good condition, shall be worn.

8. Personal Protective Equipment is required specific to the task you are


performing. Hard hats are required on all construction projects. Safety
glasses, hearing protection, gloves, respirators, etc. shall be worn when
required.

9. Never work over unprotected impalement hazards. Impalement hazards


must be protected with approved troughs or covers.

10. Scuffling, practical jokes, or horseplay of any kind could result in injury.

11. Use tools and equipment as they were designed to be used.

12. Use a hickey or other mechanical means to bend or straighten previously


bent bars in the field. Avoid bending in a jerking, discontinuous motion or
bending in extremely cold conditions. Use care to avoid sudden bar
breakage, which could result in falling or injury.

13. Regardless of where you are working, keep a solid footing. Clean any
slippery spots on floors or decks. Be especially careful when walking on
freshly oiled forms.

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14. Use caution near floor openings and edges of slabs and remove any loose
material near them. Immediately replace any guardrails removed to land
bundles, equipment, or other materials. Use signs, flags or watchmen to
mark all dangerous openings.

15. Do not drop or throw material to a lower level. You could seriously injure
someone below.

16. Observe good housekeeping; keep work areas clear of debris, trash and
unused materials. Maintain a 20” walkway throughout your work area.

17. Do not use a torch unless you have been trained to do so. A fire
extinguisher shall be kept near each torch when in use.

18. When transferring fuel, or refueling equipment, STOP ENGINES; DO NOT


SMOKE OR ALLOW OPEN FLAME OR ANY SOURCE OF IGNITION
WITHIN 25 FEET OF THE OPERATION. Keep containers closed when not
in use. Gasoline should not be used for cleaning purposes.

19. Scaffolds or platforms shall be inspected by a competent person before


each shift. Be sure they are safely secured with proper planking and
handrails installed. Do not move rolling scaffold with workers aboard.

20. Materials must be stacked neatly and piled so as to prevent toppling,


sliding and rolling.

21. Never enter a trench or excavation five (5) feet or deeper unless properly
sloped or shored. Ladders are required in trenches over four (4) feet deep
and are extended from the floor of the excavation to at least three (3) feet
above the top of the excavation. Ladders are to be located so as to provide
means of exit without more than twenty-five (25) feet of lateral travel.

22. Do not operate any equipment you are not qualified to operate.

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23. Do not crawl under, over, or squeeze by machinery. Walk around.

24. Riders are not allowed on forklifts, crane hooks or crane loads.

25. Secure toolboxes or buckets when working over other employees or aisles.

26. Only approved positioning belts, body harnesses and lanyards with double
locking snaphooks shall be used. Do not use leather belts for positioning,
as they will rot and become weak with age.

27. Do not begin work without being shown where to locate fire extinguishers,
First-Aid supplies, and emergency phone numbers. Report any shortage or
lack of items in the First-Aid Kit to your supervisor.

28. Do not enter into or work in an area without sufficient lighting. Be assured
that the area is free of hazards such as items that may cause you to trip
and stumble, unsafe ladders, scaffolding equipment, partially framed walls
and pits, holes, trenches, etc.

29. Employees working around heavy equipment, or working on bridges or


roadways, must wear orange or highly visible colored clothing or vests to
increase their visibility. Always know where heavy equipment is when
working and make sure the operator knows your position before starting
work.

30. Make sure all back-up alarms, horns, lights, hook safety latches, dead-man
triggers and similar safety devices are operative at all times.

31. Be sure all public vehicle and pedestrian traffic is protected from work
operations.

32. Alert machine operators when workers are in trenches to avoid injury to
workers.

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10. WRITTEN ASSESSMENT

REINFORCING STEEL

TRUE OR FALSE

1. It is an acceptable practice to attach a lanyard to your body belt if the


lanyard has a deceleration device.

T F

2. Guardrail or safety cable systems are required at a leading edge when a fall
exposure is in excess of 6 feet.

T F

3. It is not important what is used for guying, bracing, or supporting vertical


structures, as long as you make an effort.

T F

4. Wearing a brightly colored vest or shirt is recommended in high traffic areas


on the jobsite.

T F

5. Keeping excess material and debris out of walkways and work areas is a
good housekeeping policy. You must maintain a 20” walkway.

T F

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MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. You are allowed to ride the load when:

a) A safety latch is used on the hook.

b) Only if you are going a short distance.

c) Never.

2. When using a hickey bar, you should:

a) Avoid bending in a jerking, discontinuous motion.

b) Avoid bending in extremely cold weather.

c) Both a and b.

3. A positioning device will limit a free fall to:

a) Six feet

b) Three feet

c) Two feet

4. When exposed to impalement hazards:

a) Only approved covers or troughs shall be used.

b) Only rebar is required to be covered.

c) Both a and b.

5. It is acceptable to use a leather positioning belt:

a) Only when working at elevations less than 10 feet.

b) Nerve, leather may rot and become weak with age.

c) It is accepted if you care for it properly.

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FILL IN THE BLANKS

1. When installing cable clips, use the _____________ method:

a) correct b) five step c) three step

2. Reinforcing steel for walls, piers, columns, and similar vertical structures
shall be guyed, braced, or supported _________________________.

a) to prevent collapse b) to maintain stability c) both a and b.

3. A Personal Fall Arrest System may be used for


_______________________.

a) fall arrest only b) hoisting materials c) tying back material

4. Positioning Device Systems shall be inspected______________________.

a) once a week b) before each use (by a competent person

5. Pre-shift inspections of the work area shall be conducted _____________.

a) weekly b) monthly c) daily, before each shift

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11. SPECIFIC SAFETY TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION

TOPIC: Working On Reinforcing Steel Structures

SOURCE: OSHA - 29 CFR 1926.701

Ironworkers working on reinforcing steel structures shall be protected from falling six
(6) feet or more to lower levels by personal fall arrest systems, positioning device
systems, guardrail or safety cable systems. Exception: When working and moving
point to point on reinforcing steel structures up to a height of 24 feet. A positioning
device system is an affective and accepted means of fall protection at heights below
24 feet. The following practices shall be followed:

1. When attaching to forms, be sure the forms are secure.

2. Vertical rebar structures shall be guyed, braced, or supported to prevent


collapse prior to employee access.

3. Make sure walls are adequately secured to dowels.

4. When climbing walls, be sure template iron is adequately secured to form to


support iron and yourself.

5. Always hook to back bar.

6. When climbing, be aware of embeds, greased dowels, and loose bars around
block-outs and penetrations.

7. Body belts with D-rings and safety hooks shall be worn. Requirements for
snaphooks, D-rings and other connectors used with positioning device systems,
must meet the same criteria as those for personal fall arrest systems.

8. Belts, and all fall protection equipment, shall be visually inspected before each
use.

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9. When carrying rebar up a wall, keep rebar on top of legs, using both hands to
climb.

10. Never overload yourself. Remember, you are supporting yourself and the
rebar.

11. Be aware of snap-ties.

12. Never work over impalement hazards.

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SPECIFIC SAFETY TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION

REINFORCING STEEL
DATE: PROJECT:

SUPERVISOR:

ATTENDEES:

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SPECIFIC SAFETY TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION

REINFORCING STEEL
DATE: PROJECT:

SUPERVISOR:

ATTENDEES:

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(EMPLOYER NAME) SCAFFOLD SAFETY

12. DAILY PRE-SHIFT SAFETY INSPECTION REPORT

Project: Week Ending:

(√) – Acceptable (X) – Correction Made (Comment Necessary) (NA) – Not Applicable

ON
COMMENTS

UR
ED

SU
ES

SA
TU

TH

FR
W
M

N
T
I
1. Access/Walkways
2. Guardrail/Railing/Cable
3. Floor Openings
4. Fall Arrest/Positioning
5. Impalement Protection
6. Crane/Hoisting/Rigging
7. Excavation/Trenches
8. Guying/Forms/Shoring
9. Oxy/Act/Propane/Welding
10. Fire Extinguishers/Protection
11. Forklift/Aerial Lift/Inspection
12. Elect/Overhead Power Lines
13. Post Tensioning
14. Material Storage
15. IIPP/MSDS/First Aid
16. Sanitary Facilities/Water

Supervisor: Comments:
(EMPLOYER NAME) SCAFFOLD SAFETY

13. Job Hazard Analysis


Project: Date: New:

Employer name JHA No. Page of Revised:

Controlling Superintendent: Analysis By:


Contractor
PRE-JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS

Location: Foreman: Approved By:

Activity Potential Hazards Recommended Action, Procedure, and/or Equipment


PLACING REBAR
1) Slab Stepping on wire Good leather work boots, good soles are required.
2) Beam Lift rebar Work into heavy lifting.
3) Wall Hoisting material over employees Warn others of overhead loads, only hooks with safety latches shall be
used.
4) Columns Rigging rebar Proper training, appropriate equipment, rigging inspections.
5) Unloading Walking on rebar Make sure rebar is tied to prevent moving.
Layout of rebar Make layout easy to understand.
Hand injuries Leather gloves when required.
Bodily injury Appropriate work clothes (no loose fitting, holes, tears, etc.).
Head injuries ANSI Approved hard hat to be worn at all times.
Eye injuries ANSI Approved safety glasses to be worn when required.
Fall protection Company and regulatory requirements shall be followed.

Project Safety Representative: ________________________________


(EMPLOYER NAME) SCAFFOLD SAFETY

EMPLOYEE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

By signing below, I acknowledge that I understand and agree to comply with


(EMPLOYER NAME) “Reinforcing Steel Safety Program” and Company Safety
Policies and Procedures. I have reviewed a copy of the Program and have received
a verbal orientation identifying the safety requirements associated with the scope of
work contained in this Program.

This statement is to remain in the files of (EMPLOYER NAME).

SIGNATURE DATE

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