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SHIVVAJI

SCIENCE & ART COLLEGE, WARORA


Physics Wdpp (Atoms, Molecules & Nuclei Board Questions)

1) Select and write the most appropriate answer from the given alternatives for each sub
question: (1 mark each)
a) If the electron in a hydrogen atom is raised to one of its excited energy states, the

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electron’s

R
(i)

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(ii)
(iii)

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(iv)
b) The radius of first Bohr orbit is 0.53 A0 and the radius of nth Bohr orbit is 212 A0. The
value of n is

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(i) 2 (ii) 12 (iii) 20 (iv) 400

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c) In one mean lifetime of a radioactive element, the fraction of the nuclei that has
disintegrated is [ e is the base of natural logarithm.]
(i) (ii) 1 -
OL (iii) e (iv)
d) The nuclei having the same number of protons but different number of neutrons are
C
called
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(i) isobars (ii) α particles
(iii) isotopes (iv) particles
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e) The de Broglie equation for the wavelength of matter waves is


(i)
E

(ii)
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(iii) =
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2) Define the following : (1 mark each)


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a)
b) Stationary orbit i) Nuclear fusion
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c) Binding energy of an atomic


electron.
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d) Ionization energy of an atoms


e) Radioactivity 3)
f) Half-life of a radioactive
element

g) Decay constant or
disintegration constant
h) Nuclear fission

ATOMS & MOLECULES & NUCLEUSPage 1


4) LAWS, THEORIES, ETC (3marks)
a) State and explain the postulates of Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Or state the
postulates of Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Write the necessary equations. (3marks)
b) State the de Broglie hypothesis and the de Broglie equation. (2marks)
c) State the postulates of newton’s corpuscular theory of light. (3marks)
d) What are the drawbacks of Newton’s corpuscular theory of light?

5) EXPLANATION, CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPERTIES

a) Draw a neat labeled diagram of a typical X-ray spectrum . State and explain its important
features. (3marks)

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b) Explain the term nuclear binding energy and express it in terms of mass defect. What is

R
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binding energy per nucleon? Write the expression for it. (3marks)
c) State the nature and any four properties of α-particles. (2marks)

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d) State the nature and any four properties of -rays. (2marks)

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6) DERIVATIONS

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a) Show that the radius of a Bohr orbit is directly proportional to the square of the
principle quantum number. OL (3 marks)
b) Assuming the expressions for the radius of the nth Bohr orbit and the linear speed of the
C
electron in the orbit, obtain an expression for the angular speed of the electron in the
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nth Bohr orbit. (2marks)


&A

OR

Obtain an expression for the frequency of revolution of the electron in the nth Bohr
E

orbit
NC

c) Derive an expression for the energy of the electron in a stationary orbit in the hydrogen
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atom. Hence , show that the energy is inversely proportional to (i) the radius of the orbit
(ii)the square of the principle quantum number . (4 marks)
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Or
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Derive the expression for the total energy En of the electron in the nth Bohr orbit and
show that Enα . (4marks)
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d) Define half-life a radioactive element and obtain the relation between half-life and
decay constant. (3 marks)
e) On the basis of the de Broglie hypothesis, obtain the expression for the wavelength
associated with an electron accelerated from rest through a p.d. V. (2marks)
f) Obtain an expression for the wave number of a line in hydrogen spectrum. (3marks)
g) On the basis of the de Broglie hypothesis, obtain Bohr’s condition of quantization of
orbital angular momentum. (2marks)

ATOMS & MOLECULES & NUCLEUSPage 2


7) SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

a) Draw the energy level diagram for the hydrogen atom , neatly labeled and showing the
transitions which give rise to the different series of spectral lines for hydrogen (2marks)
b) Define the terms mass defect and state an expression for it. (2marks)
c) What is the significance of binding energy per nucleons ? (1marks)
d) Draw a neat labelled graph showing the variation of binding energy per nucleon as a
function of mass number. (2marks)
e) Show graphically how the number of nuclei (N) of a radioactive element varies with time
(t). (2marks)

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OR

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Draw a neat labelled graph depicting radioactive decay. (2marks)

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8) Solved numerical problems

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a) Calculate the frequency of revolution of the electron in the second Bohr orbit of the

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hydrogen atom. The radius of the orbit is 2.14 A0 and the velocity of the electron in the
orbit is 1.09 x 106 m/s .
OL (2marks)
b) Calculate the energy of the electron in the ground state of the hydrogen atom. [melectron =
C
9.11 x 10 -31kg, e=1.6 x 10-19 C, h=6.63 x 10-34J.s, =8.85 x 10-12 F/m] (2marks)
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c) Find the value of Rydberg ‘s constant if the energy of the electron in the second orbit in
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the hydrogen atom is -3.4 eV. [hint R= - ] [3 marks]


E

d) The wavelength of the Hx line in Balmer series of hydrogen spectrum is 6563 A0. Find the
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(a) wavelength of the line in Balmer series (b) the shortest wavelength of Brackett
series. (3 marks)
CIE

e) Given the atomic mass of the isotopes of iron 56Fe is 55.93 u finds its nuclear density. [1
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u= 1.66 x 10-27 kg, R0 = 1.2 fm] ? (2 marks)


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f) Find the nuclear radius of 208Pb. [R0=1.2 fm] (2 marks)

g) Given nuclear radius of 16O is 3.024 fm, find that of 235U. (2marks)

h) Calculate the mass defect and binding energy of which has a nucleus of mass 58.933 u.
[mp=1.0078 u, mn = 1.0087 u] (3marks)

i) Find mass energy of a particle of mass 1u in joule and electron volt. (2marks)

ATOMS & MOLECULES & NUCLEUSPage 3


j) Find the mass energy of a proton at rest in MeV. [mp=1.63 x 10-27 kg] (2marks)

k) The half-life of is 1620 y. Find its decay constant in SI units. (2marks)

l) Protactinium decay to th of its initial quantity in 62.7days . Calculate its decay constant
its decay constant and half-life. (3marks)

m) A moving electron and a photon have the same de Broglie wavelength . Show that the
electron possesses more energy than that carried by the photon. (3marks)

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n) Find the de Broglie wavelength of a proton accelerated by a potential of 50V. [Given:

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1.673 x 10-27 kg] (2marks)

o) Calculate the momentum and de Broglie wavelength of an electron accelerated from

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rest through a potential difference of 25kV. [e=1.602 x 10-19 C, me = 9.11 x 10-31 kg, h=6.63

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x 10-34 J-s] (3marks)

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p) A cracker of mass M at rest explodes in two parts of masses m1 and m2 with non-zero
C
velocities. Find the ratio of the de Broglie wavelengths of the two particles. (2marks)
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q) Find the energy of the electron in eV in the third Bohr orbit of the hydrogen atom.
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[Rydberg’s constant (R)= 1.097 x 107 m-1, h=6.63 x 10-34 J-s, c= 3 x 108 m/s] [2marks]
E

r) The wavelength of line of the Balmer series is 4860 A0 . Calculate the wavelength of the
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Balmer line . (2marks)


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JI S

HAPPY ENDING
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SIV

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