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Design Calculation Cover

TITLE:
BLACK & VEATCH Sheet
GES MUMBAI FORM:

Project Title: Purton Power Generator Project No: 122843


Ref. No:- -

Subject: Analysis and Design of SubStation Building

Total Prepared by: Checked by: Reviewed by


Issue
number
No Name & Name & Name &
of pages Date Date Date
Signature Signature Signature
R0 336 Vishal Nishar N V Nagaraju N V Nagaraju

R1
R2
R3
R4
Comments (if any by Checker or Reviewer):

* ABC/D/XXX- ABC =Project Number, D= Discipline, XXX =Design Element; For Example
119/C&S/Block7

Effective Date: 1 July 2008 Prepared by: Quality Committee Authorized by: Director Mumbai
Design Calculation Cover Sheet Revision 1 First issue
1 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

INDEX

Sr. No Description Page No.


1 Design Brief 3
2 Concrete Parameters 5
3 General Alignment Drawing 7
4 Email conversations 16
5 Wind Parameters to Determine Wind Forces 22
6 Snow Load Calculations 37
7 Design of Cavity Block Wall 40
8 Design of Internal Block Wall 140mm Thick 47
9 Design of Wind Post 52
10 Shear Capacity Check for Cavity Wall 62
11 Design of Ties 65
12 Design of Lintel 69
13 Design of Hollow Core Slab 75
14 Load Calculations of Super-Structure 80
14.1 Wall Load Calculation 81
14.2 Snow Load on Walls 88
14.3 Calculations for Soil Pressure 91
14.4 Wind Loads on Foundation 100
14.5 Design & Load Calculation of Grating On Trench 104
15 Primary Load Case & Combinations 107
16 STAAD input file 112
17 STAAD Model & Loads Applied 124
18 Design of Sub-Structure 130
18.1 Design of Base Slab (Trench) 300mm Thick 131
18.2 Design of Grade Slab 350mm Thick 150
18.3 Design of Long Wall W1 525mm to 425mm Thick 169
18.4 Design of Trench Wall W2 300mm Thick 204
18.5 Design of Short Wall W3 525mm to 425mm Thick 221
18.6 Design of Short Wall W3 425mm Thick Resting on Grade Slab 256
18.7 Design of Short Wall W4 525mm Thick 273
18.8 Design of Short Wall W5 300mm Thick 290
18.9 Design of Beam Supporting 140mm Block Wall 307
19 Reinforcement Sketch 316
20 End of Calculations 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN BRIEF

3 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN BRIEF

Purpose of To design the Sub Structure.


calculation

Method of 1. Software used is STAAD.pro.


calculation 2. Black and Veatch’s in-house spread sheets for Serviceability and Ultimate load conditions.

Design 1. Subgrade modules used for Design is 25000 kN/m3 (as per Email Dated 21-02-2019)
conditions 2. Groundwater Table Varies from 7m OD in South to 5m OD in the north (Design Criteria clause 2.2)
considered 3. Soil Pressure Or Compaction & Soil Pressure & Surcharge Load Considered in Trench
1. Design life: 50 years
2. Strength Class for Concrete RC40/50XF
3. Exposure Class XF3
4. Aggregate Type Limestone (as per Email Dated 21-02-2019)
5. Nominal Cover 50mm
Key parameters
6. Cement Type CEMIII/A + Sr, CIIIA + SR
used
7. Min Cement Content 340 kg/m3
8. Max W/c Ratio 0.45
9. Relative Humidity 85%
10. Plywood Formwork (conservatively assumed)
11. Water Tightness Class 1 – i.e. Crack Width of 0.2 & Designed as Liquid Retaining Structure
1. Reinforced Concrete 25 kN/m3
Design Loading 2. Concrete Blocks 24 kN/m3
(Dead Load) 3. Brick 20 kN/m3
4. Soil 20 kN/m3

4 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

CONCRETE PARAMETERS

5 of 319
6 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

GENERAL ALIGNMENT DRAWINGS

7 of 319
66

12.63

12.58
12.
N FI
57 MSB
B
MS

(R)
13.44
91 92 M

RMO7
B S

15.59

(R)
12.25

(R)
90 MS
B
14.34

(R)
1.9 EO
1,1 T
50Ø

RMO4

66

(R)
aisedMH)

12.63
1.7
( R

12.58
8,1

12.56
H

12.
5
M MH08 EO 0Ø
CL15.05 T

15.03

NFI
57 MSB

(R)
IL13.14

13.12
CHAMBER EXTENTS

12.54

(R)
(R)

(R)
(R)

(R)
(R)
(R)

12.74
Ht.
89 MSB

(R)
.

(R)
A v
15.65

NTS
p l i n g

Y EXTE
a

(R)
v. Ht. S

(R)
Grass A
m
Sapl i ng s
2 . 5

SURVE
- 2.5m -

(R)
1.0m

(R)
1 . 0 m

12.91
78
M

58 MSB
SB

14.64

(R)
(R)

(R)
(R)

(R)
(R)

13.09

(R)
(R)
14.47 13.82
ce

(R)
15.47

(R)
Steel Mesh Fen

.63
88 MSB

(R)
13.54
(R)
13

13.53

13.49
79 MSB

13.26
5 9 MS
B

(R)
3.0m High

(R) EL CCTV

E
CONCRET
CL13.40
0
0.1

(R)
E 0.44
(R)

E
IC E
CL13.68 0.44

2x
0.60

0.6

(R)
0
0.60
(R)

MH
0.47
0.47
15.10 13.65 13.82
EL
CL13.50

13.66

(R)
EE
(R)

.63
60 MSB

(R)
87 MSB

(R)

15.02
EE

13.54
(R)
(R)

13

13.53
2
0.6 T

14.34
EO

13.49
E

(R)
EE
(R)
87 MSB

0.8
EO 2
T
?
E

(R)
(R)

?
15.69
E
EE

? 0.7
CL13.40

(R)
E 2
(R)

2
0.6 T ?
EO
0.45

0.45

CHAMBER EXTENTS ? 0.44


E

(R)
15.50
E
(R)

E
14.10

? 0.7 IC E
69 MSB

7 E
CL13.68 0.44
E

3.30
E
E

(R)
EEE E
(R)

15.88
E E 1.17 ? 0.60
rass
E
?G
0.54
EE E E 1.07
0.5

MH

0.47
8 NF

(R)

0.47
E I E
(R E
E )
61 MSB
EE

?
E

E
14.20

E
E

0.77
(R)

13.65
(R
)
E

(R)
?

E
E

E
14.50

E
14.41

(R
E )
0.8
0
14.38

E
(R)

0.40
E
EE

(R E
E

(R)
E ?
E

0.3 0.6
6 (R
6
)

E
15.11
E

E
?
E
(R)

RMO6 (R
4x 3.50

(R)
)
E

EOT

15.97
E
E
3.50 3.50 2.16 1.72
E
?
EE

E
EE

E 1.48 (R
)

60 MSB

(R)

E
E
(R)

E
E
(R)
14.34

(R)

E
E
(R)

E
E
(R)
(R)

E
E
(R)

E
E
(R)

0.45

0.45
(R)
(R)

E
E

14.10
(R)

69 MSB

E
E
(R)
(R)

E
E
(R)
61 MSB

E
E

0
14.2
(R)

14.50
E
(R)

14.41

14.38
(R)

8 of 319
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19950

10 690 9260
1800
425
210
50 Loading Plan
150

300
GL 100 1500
250

1125
13.675
FGL 13.50

150

300

1500
GL against upstand
varies between

300
13.675 and 14.53m
OD, but should be
designed on
assumption that soil
could be upto rebate,
ie 14.65m OD
Blinding concrete 50
thick over rigid board
A-A
thermal insulation 60
thick and DPM

19 950 1800

50 1500
10 690 250 300
525 525
210
210
425

525
+14.800 +13.675
100

A A 12

2650
Cable trench internal
vertical faces
5
5790

+12.175 +12.175

300
Roof Area 1

2315
+14.80

1920 2250 1920 950


+13.675
485
210

CONCRETE OUTLINE PLAN (MASONRY NOT SHOWN)

19 880
390
140 140 Drawing 90015
7160 7160 4500 390
50
2965

390
11kV Panels 11kV Panels LV Panels

2800
Internal face of cable NOTES:
trench 1. ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETRES UNLESS
OTHERWISE STATED.

5720
2. ALL LEVELS RELATIVE TO ORDNANCE DATUM.
3. DO NOT SCALE FROM THIS SKETCH.

140
Blockwork dense solid 215 thick 4. FOR SHE CONSIDERATIONS REFER TO DRMR.
twin blocks collar-jointed or laid Internal block wall
on the flat 140 thick founded on
top of base slab or on Battery
Cavity 75 thick - fully infilled lintel in base of cable Room 2000
950

950
950

with thermal insulation trench - see detail


Brickwork 100 thick
450
450

SKETCH
450

390

Purpose :
This sketch is an informal tool for communicating and collaborating on projects. It shall not
(4575) 1920 2250 1920 950 be considered as a project output, part of a project output or as satisfying a contractual
requirement. All details are indicative and subject to further design and collaboration.
BUILDING MASONRY OUTLINE PLAN EAST 21/03/19 Originator : tho18108
yat37327
(Concrete not shown for clarity except for 2160 2200 JWY 21/03/19 Sketch Name : 122843-BVL-Z0-00-SK-C-00026
140
© BV LTD 2019 internal face of cable trench in dashed line)
Date : 21/03/2019
15 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

EMAILS

16 of 319
Nishar, Vishal

From: Nagaraju, NV
Sent: Friday, March 29, 2019 2:00 PM
To: Thornton, Ed AS.
Cc: Nishar, Vishal
Subject: Purton Power Summary of Call on 29/3/2019 and queries
Attachments: Loading Sketch for Substation.pdf

With reference to our discussion today summarizing the points of discussion and the data required to go ahead for
the design of Substation

1. Attaching a Sketch showing Live load to be considered on different areas. Please Confirm the same
2. Roof Slab Will be a Hollow core slab. Please Confirm
3. Earlier section shared did not show the height of parapet wall above roof slab, during today’s conversation it
was cleared in a sketch shown that the height of parapet wall is 450mm above roof slab.
4. Ground water table is way below the foundation of trench and hence no ground water pressure to be
considered for analysis
5. Please provide with the density of insulation material on roof
6. Normal Surcharge of 10kN/m2 and Compaction Load 12.5 kN/m2 (Linearly reducing at the rate of earth
pressure) shall be considered for underground structure.
7. Bulk density of soil 18kN/m3. Angle of repose 30deg. Please confirm

Further, the following changes were made to GEG foundation and Cooling Tower Pad. There subsequent budget
implication is mentioned please go thru the same and let us know your thoughts on it.

• Change in the slab thickness due to frost depth consideration : 4 MH’s


• Change in cooling tower pad : 6 MH’s
• Pads for New Neutral Earth Resistor : 15 MH’s for Engineering + 15 MH’s for CAD (Assuming the pad
to be similar to Isolation Pad)

Regards,

N V Nagaraju

1
17 of 319
Nishar, Vishal

From: Thornton, Ed AS.


Sent: Friday, April 05, 2019 10:21 PM
To: Nagaraju, NV
Cc: Nishar, Vishal
Subject: RE: Purton Power Summary of Call on 29/3/2019 and queries
Attachments: 122843-BVL-Z0-00-SK-C-00035.pdf

Hi NV

During my revision of the Design Criteria I lost some text on steel reinforcement detailing. It is to do with the
addition of steel in areas where post-coring of the walls is likely when switches and cables are added to the building.
The measure is empirical. If it is going to cause problems, please let me know.

I’ve left the text in track-change in 122843-BVL-Z0-00-RP-Z-90029 in Section 4.2(a) – also copied below.

• The area of steel reinforcement provided in the north and south walls of the cable trench below the
level of the slab and around the walls of the cable trench extension should be increased to mitigate
future coring and installation of cables. See Sketch 122843-BVL-Z0-00-SK-C-00035. There should be
an additional 50% steel area in the east wall of the RC cable trench. There should be an additional
100% steel area in the south and north walls and the cable trench extension walls. However, this is
an empirical measure. If it causes problems with the steel reinforcement detailing, please discuss
with the UK lead civil engineer.

The sketch referred to, I’ve also attached here.

Thanks
Ed

From: Thornton, Ed AS.


Sent: 02 April 2019 00:51
To: Nagaraju, NV <NagarajuN@bv.com>
Cc: Nishar, Vishal <NisharV@bv.com>
Subject: RE: Purton Power Summary of Call on 29/3/2019 and queries

NV/Vishal

The design criteria report has now been checked. I’ve amended the floor loading slightly and reduced the floor load
in the battery room to 5 kN/m2. I’ve shown it on your diagram, as attached.

I’ve also included some comments in the design criteria report on steel reinforcement, including suggestions for
horizontal construction joints in the cable trench and use of reinforcement couplers to enable compaction of backfill
under the slab after the cable trench wall has been cast. I also attach the sketch here.

If you have any comments or questions, please do not hesitate to ask.

Regards
Ed

From: Thornton, Ed AS.


Sent: 31 March 2019 22:57
To: Nagaraju, NV <NagarajuN@bv.com>

1
18 of 319
Cc: Nishar, Vishal <NisharV@bv.com>
Subject: RE: Purton Power Summary of Call on 29/3/2019 and queries

NV/Vishal

I’ve revised the design criteria report, which is linked 122843-BVL-Z0-00-RP-Z-90029 . However, I wish to have it
checked on Monday before I issue it. But if in the meantime you have any comment or queries, please let me know.
Section 4 refers to the Substation.

I note your comments on the budget. I did in the earlier email about the frost heave suggest that the cooler slab
should be 350 thick, but I’m not going to argue about it. I’m happy with the way things are progressing. The NER will
be a simple rectangular slab. It is quite small, and bearing frost in mind I suggest it is lowered to keep 150 below
ground level (it is towards the north end of the GEG slab), but that shouldn’t affect your analysis.

Regards
Ed

From: Nagaraju, NV
Sent: 29 March 2019 08:30
To: Thornton, Ed AS. <thorntonea@BV.com>
Cc: Nishar, Vishal <NisharV@bv.com>
Subject: Purton Power Summary of Call on 29/3/2019 and queries

With reference to our discussion today summarizing the points of discussion and the data required to go ahead for
the design of Substation

1. Attaching a Sketch showing Live load to be considered on different areas. Please Confirm the same – some
amendment as in revised criteria report; I wish to check a couple of numbers.
2. Roof Slab Will be a Hollow core slab. Please Confirm - correct
3. Earlier section shared did not show the height of parapet wall above roof slab, during today’s conversation it
was cleared in a sketch shown that the height of parapet wall is 450mm above roof slab. - correct
4. Ground water table is way below the foundation of trench and hence no ground water pressure to be
considered for analysis - correct
5. Please provide with the density of insulation material on roof – provided in revised design criteria report
6. Normal Surcharge of 10kN/m2 and Compaction Load 12.5 kN/m2 (Linearly reducing at the rate of earth
pressure) shall be considered for underground structure. – I assume you would apply only one of these in a
particular location, and the 12.5 only immediately adjacent to the wall?
7. Bulk density of soil 18kN/m3. Angle of repose 30deg. Please confirm – assumed to be in clay – revised
parameters in revised loading criteria report (Section 4.2)

Further, the following changes were made to GEG foundation and Cooling Tower Pad. There subsequent budget
implication is mentioned please go thru the same and let us know your thoughts on it.

• Change in the slab thickness due to frost depth consideration : 4 MH’s


• Change in cooling tower pad : 6 MH’s
• Pads for New Neutral Earth Resistor : 15 MH’s for Engineering + 15 MH’s for CAD (Assuming the pad
to be similar to Isolation Pad)

Regards,

N V Nagaraju

2
19 of 319
Nishar, Vishal

From: Thornton, Ed AS.


Sent: Wednesday, April 10, 2019 10:28 PM
To: Nagaraju, NV
Cc: Nishar, Vishal
Subject: RE: Purton : Assumptions for Masonry Wall Design

HI NV

I am not very familiar with masonry design—and especially the BS EN codes—and so it would help me if you could
provide some references to the relevant clauses. Or it might be easier if we discuss. My initial comments are below. I
will also see if I can find someone who is more familiar with masonry materials selection in the UK than I am. I
appreciate you running your assumptions past me, as I would like to be sure that they are correct before we go too
much further.

Regards
Ed

From: Nagaraju, NV
Sent: 10 April 2019 03:52
To: Thornton, Ed AS. <thorntonea@BV.com>
Cc: Nishar, Vishal <NisharV@bv.com>
Subject: Purton : Assumptions for Masonry Wall Design

Hi Ed,

Following will be the assumptions for Analysis and design of Masonry Wall.

1. Masonry type Clay with absorption less than 7% - I assume that this relates to facing brickwork in the outer
leaf? The outer leaf will be in facing brickwork (rather than commons). Class F2 is standard in CESWI. Would
engineering bricks be required below DPM?
2. Masonry group 1 – seems reasonable; as a matter of interest, how would being group 1 or 2 affect the
design?
3. Compressive strength of masonry unit 30 N/mm2 – Are you referring to the bricks or to the blocks or both?
This sounds very high for concrete blocks.
4. Height x width of masonry block 215 x 100mm for outer leaf & 215 x 215 for inner leaf -
The construction is conventional cavity construction, ie
Inner leaf: dense concrete blockwork 215 high by 215 thick (each course = 225 high); the width is made up of
two 100 wide concrete blocks collar jointed.
Outer leaf: clay bricks 65 high by 100 thick (each course = 75 high); actually strictly speaking the brick width
is 102.5mm, but I don’t imagine this changes much.
There will be stainless steel ties 4 nr/m2 between the two leaves.

5. Density of Masonry 24 kN/m2 – this seems a bit high. Where does your assumption come from? The weight
of individual blocks should be kept down to 20kg (Chief Engineers’ Alert 31) – I realise now this could affect
the 140 thick internal walls unless made of a lower density aggregate.
6. Mortar Strength class M6
7. Mortar type is general
8. Category of manufacturing control for masonry unit Category I – seems reasonable
9. Category of execution control for masonry unit Class 2 – ref?
10. Yield line analysis Upper limit is 2 & lower limit is 0.3 – Please explain.

1
20 of 319
Please let us know if you know any observations on the same. We will proceed based on the above assumptions
unless we hear differently from you.

Regards,

N V Nagaraju

2
21 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

WIND CALCULATIONS

22 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

23 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

24 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

25 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

26 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

27 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

28 of 319
BLACK & Owner : Bristol Water Computed by : VRN Date : 10-Apr-19
VEATCH Project No : 122843 Checked by : NVN Date : 10-Apr-19
Project name :Purton Power Generator Reviewd By : Date :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Vertical Walls Page :
Revision : R0

CALCULATIONS 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-002


Guidance to user: Enter project number, component code and set number in sheet header (via 'View' menu)
Use blue entries for data entry, red fields for calculated results.

Wind
Title of Calculation : Wind Load Calculations As per BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 (UK)

Largest Plan Dimensions (L) = 19.95m


Smallest Plan Dimensions (W) = 5.79m 5.79m
Height of Structure above GL,(Z) = 4.04m
Height of Structure, H = 4.04m
Air density ρ ( Kg/m3) = 1.25
Altitude of the site above mean sea level,A (m) = 11 19.95m
Vb,map is the fundamental basic wind velocity (m/sec) = 22 per Figure NA.1of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
Terrain Category = Country
Distance upwind to shoreline (km) = 1

Basic Wind Velocity :

Vb = Cdir x Cseason x Vb,0 per Cl 4.2 (2) of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Vb = Cdir x Cseason x Cprob x Vb,map per Cl 4.2 (2), Note 4 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Vb,0 = Vb,map x Calt per NA 2.4 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005

.'. Vb = (Cdir x Cseason x Cprob)x (Calt) x Vb,map

Where, Vb is Basic Wind Speed


Cdir is directional Factor = 1.0 per NA 2.6 (4) of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
Cseason is season Factor (conservative) = 1.0 per NA 2.7 (1) of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
Cprob is probability Factor per Cl 4.2 (2), Note 4 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

ρ is the annual probability exceedence = 0.02 per Cl 3.4 (1) of EN 1991-1-4:2005


K is the shape factor = 0.2 per NA 2.8 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
n is the exponent = 0.5 per NA 2.8 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
.'.Cprob = 1.0
Calt is altitude Factor per NA 2.5 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005

.' .C alt = 1 + 0.001.A


.' .C alt = 1.01
Vb (m/sec) = 22.24 m/sec

29 of 319
BLACK & Owner : Bristol Water Computed by : VRN Date : 10-Apr-19
VEATCH Project No : 122843 Checked by : NVN Date : 10-Apr-19
Project name :Purton Power Generator Reviewd By : Date :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Vertical Walls Page :
Revision : R0

Mean Wind Velocity :

Vm(z) = Cr(z) x C0(z) x Vb per Cl 4.3.1 of EN 1991-1-4:2005


Where,
Vm(z) is Mean Wind Velocity
Displacement height, hdis = 0 m
cr(z) is the roughness factor = 0.9 per Fig. NA.3 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005
C0(z) is the orography factor = 1.0

Vm(z) = 20.02 m/sec

Basic velocity pressure

qb = 1/2 x ρ air x vb2 per Cl 4.5 Eq. 4.10 of EN 1991-1-4:2005


2
qb = 309.1916025 N/m

Peak pressure

ce(z) is the exposure factor = 2.10 per Fig. NA.7 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005


qp(z) = c e(z).qb per NA.2.17 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005

qp(z) = 649.30 N/m2

30 of 319
BLACK & Owner : Bristol Water Computed by : Date :
VEATCH Project No : 122843 Checked by : Date :
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd By : Date :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Vertical Walls Page :
Revision :
CALCULATIONS 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-002
Guidance to user: Enter project number, component code and set number in sheet header (via 'View' menu)
Use blue entries for data entry, red fields for calculated results.
Wind Load Calculations for Vertical walls
Title of Calculation : Wind Load Calculations As per BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 (UK)

Largest Plan Dimensions (L) = 19.95m


Smallest Plan Dimensions (W) = 5.79m
Ht. of Structure above GL (z) = 4.04m
Height of Structure, H = 4.04m

WIND NORMAL TO: LONG FACE SHORT FACE


Peak Pressure, qp(z) (N/m²) 649 N/m² 649 N/m²
Breadth b (m) 19.95m 5.79m
Inwind depth d (m) 5.79m 19.95m
Span ratio, H/d 0.70 0.20
Scaling length, e (2xH or b, whichever is
8.07 5.79
smaller) per Cl 7.2.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

External pressure coefficients Cpe for vertical walls Table 7.1 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Windward (front) face, D 0.80 0.70 Side Wall Zone Lengths (m)
Leeward (rear) face, E -0.42 -0.30 Wind on: Long Short
Zone A -1.20 -1.20 Side Face:(short wall)(long wall)
Side face Zone B -0.80 -0.80 Zone A 1.6 1.2
Zone C 0.00 -0.50 Zone B 4.18 4.63
Zone C - 14.16m
Figure 7.5 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Internal pressure coefficients Cpi for enclosed buildings
Both opposite walls: Impermeable Impermeable per Cl 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Windward (front) face -0.3 -0.3
Leeward (rear) face -0.3 -0.3
Side Faces -0.3 -0.3

Structural factor
cscd = 1.0 (Conservatively) per Cl 6.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Used for Wind Post
Net Surface Pressures On External Walls Design
Wind On Long Face
Elevation: Sides
Windward (front) Leeward (rear)
Zone A Zone B Zone C
pe (N/m²) 519.4 -272.7 -779.2 -519.4 0.0
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) 714.2 -77.9 -584.4 -324.7 194.8
Note: -ve sign indicates suction or outward pressure, +ve sign indicates inward pressure
Wind On Short Face
Elevation: Sides
Windward (front) Leeward (rear)
Zone A Zone B Zone C
pe (N/m²) 454.5 -194.8 -779.2 -519.4 -324.7
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) 649.3 0.0 -584.4 -324.7 -129.9

31 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : Bristol Water Computed by : Date :
VEATCH Project No : 122843 Checked by : Date :
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Vertical Walls Page :
Revision :
CALCULATIONS 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-002
Guidance to user: Enter project number, component code and set number in sheet header (via 'View' menu)
Use blue entries for data entry, red fields for calculated results.
Wind Load Calculations for Flat roof
Title of Calculation : Wind Load Calculations As per BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 (UK)

Type of the structure = With parapets


Height of the parapet , h p = 0.45m
Largest Plan Dimensions (L) = 19.95m
Smallest Plan Dimensions (W) = 5.79m
Ht. of Structure above GL (z) = 4.04m
Height of Structure, H = 4.04m

WIND NORMAL TO: LONG FACE SHORT FACE


Peak Pressure, q p(z) (N/m²) 649 N/m² 649 N/m²
Breadth B (m) 19.95m 5.79m
Inwind depth D (m) 5.79m 19.95m
hp/H ratio 0.112m 0.112m
Scaling length e, b (2xH or B,
8.07 5.79 per Cl 7.2.3 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
whichever is smaller)
Table 7.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
External pressure coefficients Cpe for Flat roofs Zone Lengths (m)
Zone F -1.15 -1.15 Wind on: Long Short
Zone G -0.78 -0.78 Zone F 0.81 0.58
Zone H -0.70 -0.70 Zone G 0.81 0.58
Zone I 0.20 -0.20 0.20 -0.20 Zone H 3.23 2.32
Zone I 1.76 17.06
Figure 7.6 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Internal pressure coefficients Cpi for enclosed buildings


Permeability of the two walls normal
to wind Impermeable Impermeable

Roof -0.3 -0.3 per Cl 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Structural factor
cscd = 1.0 (Conservatively) per Cl 6.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Net Surface Pressures On Flat Roof


Wind On Long Face
Zone F Zone G Zone H Zone I
case (i) case (ii)
pe (N/m²) -749.2 -504.5 -454.5 129.9 -129.9
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) -554.4 -309.7 -259.7 324.7 64.9
Note: -ve sign indicates suction or outward pressure, +ve sign indicates inward pressure
Wind On Short Face
Zone F Zone G Zone H Zone I
case (i) case (ii)
pe (N/m²) -749.2 -504.5 -454.5 129.9 -129.9
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) -554.4 -309.7 -259.7 324.7 64.9

Note : For Flat roof the structure shall be analysed for total 4 wind load cases for wind in particular direction
2 cases due to two values of Cpi
2 cases due to two values of Zone I

33 of 319
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Revision :
CALCULATIONS 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-002
Guidance to user: Enter project number, component code and set number in sheet header (via 'View' menu)
Use blue entries for data entry, red fields for calculated results.
Wind Load Calculations for Vertical walls
Title of Calculation : Wind Load Calculations As per BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 (UK)

Largest Plan Dimensions (L) = 19.95m


Smallest Plan Dimensions (W) = 5.79m
Ht. of Structure above GL (z) = 4.04m
Height of Structure, H = 4.04m

WIND NORMAL TO: LONG FACE SHORT FACE


Peak Pressure, qp(z) (N/m²) 649 N/m² 649 N/m²
Breadth b (m) 19.95m 5.79m
Inwind depth d (m) 5.79m 19.95m
Span ratio, H/d 0.70 0.20
Scaling length, e (2xH or b, whichever
8.07 5.79
is smaller) per Cl 7.2.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

External pressure coefficients Cpe for vertical walls Table 7.1 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Windward (front) face, D 0.80 0.70 Side Wall Zone Lengths (m)
Leeward (rear) face, E -0.42 -0.30 Wind on: Long Short
Zone A -1.20 -1.20 Side Face:(short wall)(long wall)
Side face Zone B -0.80 -0.80 Zone A 1.6 1.2
Zone C 0.00 -0.50 Zone B 4.18 4.63
Zone C - 14.16m
Figure 7.5 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Internal pressure coefficients Cpi for enclosed buildings
Both opposite walls: Permeable Impermeable per Cl 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
Windward (front) face 0.2 -0.3
Leeward (rear) face 0.2 -0.3
Side Faces 0.2 -0.3
Used for External
Structural factor Wind Post Design
cscd = 1.0 (Conservatively) per Cl 6.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Net Surface Pressures On External Walls


Wind On Long Face
Elevation: Sides
Windward (front) Leeward (rear)
Zone A Zone B Zone C
pe (N/m²) 519.4 -272.7 -779.2 -519.4 0.0
pi (N/m²) 129.9 129.9 129.9 129.9 129.9
p (N/m²) 389.6 -402.6 -909.0 -649.3 -129.9
Note: -ve sign indicates suction or outward pressure, +ve sign indicates inward pressure
Wind On Short Face
Elevation: Sides
Windward (front) Leeward (rear)
Zone A Zone B Zone C
pe (N/m²) 454.5 -194.8 -779.2 -519.4 -324.7
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) 649.3 0.0 -584.4 -324.7 -129.9

35 of 319
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CALCULATIONS 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-002
Guidance to user: Enter project number, component code and set number in sheet header (via 'View' menu)
Use blue entries for data entry, red fields for calculated results.
Wind Load Calculations for Flat roof
Title of Calculation : Wind Load Calculations As per BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 (UK)

Type of the structure = With parapets


Height of the parapet , hp = 0.45m
Largest Plan Dimensions (L) = 19.95m
Smallest Plan Dimensions (W) = 5.79m
Ht. of Structure above GL (z) = 4.04m
Height of Structure, H = 4.04m

WIND NORMAL TO: LONG FACE SHORT FACE


Peak Pressure, qp(z) (N/m²) 649 N/m² 649 N/m²
Breadth B (m) 19.95m 5.79m
Inwind depth D (m) 5.79m 19.95m
hp/H ratio 0.112m 0.112m
Scaling length e, b (2xH or B,
8.07 5.79 per Cl 7.2.3 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
whichever is smaller)
Table 7.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005
External pressure coefficients Cpe for Flat roofs Zone Lengths (m)
Zone F -1.15 -1.15 Wind on: Long Short
Zone G -0.78 -0.78 Zone F 0.81 0.58
Zone H -0.70 -0.70 Zone G 0.81 0.58
Zone I 0.20 -0.20 0.20 -0.20 Zone H 3.23 2.32
Zone I 1.76 17.06
Figure 7.6 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Internal pressure coefficients Cpi for enclosed buildings


Permeability of the two walls normal
to wind Equally permeable Impermeable

Roof 0.2 -0.3 per Cl 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Structural factor
cscd = 1.0 (Conservatively) per Cl 6.2 of EN 1991-1-4:2005

Net Surface Pressures On Flat Roof


Wind On Long Face
Zone F Zone G Zone H Zone I
case (i) case (ii)
pe (N/m²) -749.2 -504.5 -454.5 129.9 -129.9
pi (N/m²) 129.9 129.9 129.9 129.9 129.9
p (N/m²) -879.1 -634.3 -584.4 0.0 -259.7
Note: -ve sign indicates suction or outward pressure, +ve sign indicates inward pressure
Wind On Short Face
Zone F Zone G Zone H Zone I
case (i) case (ii)
pe (N/m²) -749.2 -504.5 -454.5 129.9 -129.9
pi (N/m²) -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8 -194.8
p (N/m²) -554.4 -309.7 -259.7 324.7 64.9

Note : For Flat roof the structure shall be analysed for total 4 wind load cases for wind in particular direction
2 cases due to two values of Cpi
2 cases due to two values of Zone I
36 of 319
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Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

SNOW LOAD CALCULATIONS

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Unit Name : Gas Engine Generator Foundation Page : of
Revision :R0
Mono-pitched roof/ Flat roof 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-001- R0
Input
CALCULATIONS Per BS EN 1991-1-3:2003 (UK), " Part 1-3 General actions - Snow loads

Input Data:
Design situation Flat roof
per NA.2.2 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-3:2003 & Table A.1 of
Case A
Load arrangement case BS EN 1991-1-3:2003
Altitude above sea level, A = 11 m
Zone Number, Z = 2 per Figure NA.1 of NA to BS 1991-1-3:2003
Roof Slope α= 0 degree
Exposure coefficient, Ce = 1.00 per NA.2.15 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-3:2003
Thermal coefficient, Ct = 1.00 per NA.2.16 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-3:2003

Characteristic ground snow load (Sk)

per NA.2.8 of NA to BS EN 1991-1-3:2003

Characteristic ground snow load, sk = 0.23 kN/m2

Snow load on Roof


for persistent/transient situation

s = µi . Ce . Ct . Sk per Eq. 5.1 of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003


for accidental situations
where snow drift is the accidental action (case B2) Per Annexure A of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003

s = µi . Sk per Eq. 5.3 of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003

µi is the snow load shape coeffiecient


Snow shape coefficient, µ1 = 0.8 per Table 5.2 of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003
.'. µ1(α) = 0.80

Undrifted snow load:

µ1(α) µ1(α)
Normal 0.18 kN/m2 0.18 kN/m2
α

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Revision : 0
Drift at parapet 2497-5000-02(Euro) -LC-001-R0
Input
CALCULATIONS Per BS EN 1991-1-3:2003 (UK), " Part 1-3 General actions - Snow loads

Input Data:
Height of parapet, h = 0.5 m
Width b1 = 20.0 m refer attached skech below
Width b2 = 5.8 m
Altitude above sea level, A = 11 m
Zone Number, Z = 2

Least of

Fig B4 of EN BS 1991-1-3:2003

Characteristic ground snow load (Sk)

2
Characteristic ground snow load, sk = 0.23 kN/m
l s is the drift length = 2.3 m Per Annexure B B4- (4) of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003)
b= 20.0 m Per Annexure B B4- (4) of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003)
Shape coefficient for snow drift at parapet, µ1 = 3.90 Per Annexure B B4- (4) of BS EN 1991-1-3:2003)

µ1sk
0.90 kN/m2
h =0.5 m Surcharge load
due to drifting

ls =2.3 m
Configuration of snow drift

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
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Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF CAVITY BLOCK WALL

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Purton Power Generator 122843
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Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

MASONRY WALL PANEL DESIGN


In accordance with EN1996-1-1:2005 + A1:2012 incorporating Corrigenda February 2006 and July 2009 and the UK
national annex
Tedds calculation version 1.2.11

Masonry panel details


Masonary Wall Panel Design - Unreinforced masonry wall without openings
3.385 + 0.15 + 0.6 = 4.135 ~ 4.25m
Panel length; L = 2860 mm
Panel height; h = 4250 mm
Panel support conditions
Outer leaf; Right and left supported
Inner leaf; Right and left supported
Effective height of masonry walls - Section 5.5.1.2
Reduction factor; ρ2 = 1.000
Effective height of wall - eq 5.2; hef = ρ2 × h = 4250 mm
2860
4250

Cavity wall construction details


Outer leaf thickness; t1 = 100 mm
Cavity thickness; tc = 75 mm
Inner leaf thickness; t2 = 215 mm
Effective thickness of masonry walls - Section 5.5.1.3
Relative E factor; ktef = 1.000
Effective thickness - eq 5.11; tef = (ktef × t13 + t23)1/3 = 222 mm

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Purton Power Generator 122843
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VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

100
75
215

Masonry outer leaf details


Masonry type; Clay with water absorption less than 7% - Group 1
Compressive strength of masonry unit; fc1 = 6 N/mm2
Height of unit; hu1 = 75 mm
Width of unit; wu1 = 100 mm
Conditioning factor; k1 = 1.0
- Conditioning to the air dry condition in accordance with cl.7.3.2
Shape factor - Table A.1; dsf1 = 0.893
Mean compressive strength of masonry unit; fb1 = fc1 × k1 × dsf1 = 5.357 N/mm2
Density of masonry; γ1 = 20 kN/m3
Mortar type; M6 - General purpose mortar
Compressive strength of masonry mortar; fm1 = 6 N/mm2
Compressive strength factor - Table NA.4; K = 0.50
Characteristic compressive strength of masonry - eq 3.1
fk1 = K × fb10.7 × min(fm1, 5.357 N/mm2)0.3 = 2.679 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure parallel to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk11 = 0.5 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure perpendicular to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk21 = 1.5 N/mm2
Masonry inner leaf details
Masonry type; Aggregate concrete brick - Group 1
Compressive strength of masonry unit; fc2 = 6 N/mm2
Height of unit; hu2 = 225 mm
Width of unit; wu2 = 215 mm
Conditioning factor; k2 = 1.0

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Purton Power Generator 122843
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Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building (Cavity Wall ) 3
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

- Conditioning to the air dry condition in accordance with cl.7.3.2


Shape factor - Table A.1; dsf2 = 1.178
Mean compressive strength of masonry unit; fb2 = fc2 × k2 × dsf2 = 7.065 N/mm2
Density of masonry; γ2 = 24 kN/m3
Mortar type; M6 - General purpose mortar
Compressive strength of masonry mortar; fm2 = 6 N/mm2
Compressive strength factor - Table NA.4; K = 0.75
Characteristic compressive strength of masonry - eq 3.1
fk2 = K × fb20.7 × fm20.3 = 5.045 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure parallel to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk12 = 0.3 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure perpendicular to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk22 = 0.9 N/mm2
Dead Load = (Self Wt of Slab + Finishes
Lateral loading details + Parapet Load + Coping Load ) * Slab
Span/ 2
Characteristic wind load on panel; W k = 0.910 kN/m2
Vertical loading details (2.36 + 2 + 1.08 + 0.67) x 5.155 /2 =
15.7 kN/m ~ 16 kN/m
Permanent load on top of inner leaf; Gk2 = 16 kN/m;
Variable load on top of inner leaf; Qk2 = 3 kN/m; Live Load Considered = 1 * 5.155 /2 =
2.6 kN/m ~ 3 kN/m
Partial factors for material strength
Category of manufacturing control; Category I
Class of execution control; Class 2
Partial factor for masonry in compressive flexure; γMc = 2.70
Partial factor for masonry in tensile flexure; γMt = 2.70
Partial factor for masonry in shear; γMv = 2.50

Slenderness ratio of masonry walls - Section 5.5.1.4


Allowable slenderness ratio; SRall = 27
Slenderness ratio; SR = hef / tef = 19.1
PASS - Slenderness ratio is less than maximum allowable
Unreinforced masonry walls subjected to mainly vertical loading - Section 6.1
Partial safety factors for design loads
Partial safety factor for permanent load; γfG = 1.35
Partial safety factor for variable imposed load; γfQ = 1.5
Partial safety factor for variable wind load; γfW = 0.75

Considering inner leaf


Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity - Section 6.1.2.2
Vertical load at top of wall; Nid2 = γfG × Gk2 + γfQ × Qk2 = 26.1 kN/m
Moment at top of wall due to vertical load; Mid2 = γfG × Gk2 × eG2 + γfQ × Qk2 × eQ2 = 0 kNm/m
Initial eccentricity - cl.5.5.1.1; einit = hef / 450 = 9.4 mm
Moment at top of wall due to horizontal load; MEid2 = 0 kNm/m
Eccentricity at top of wall due to horizontal load; eh2 = 0 mm
Eccentricity at top of wall - eq.6.5; ei2 = max(Mid2 / Nid2 + eh2 + einit, 0.05 × t2) = 10.8 mm
Reduction factor at top of wall - eq.6.4; Φi2 = max(1 - 2 × ei2 / t2, 0) = 0.9

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Vertical load at middle of wall; Nmd2 = γfG × (Gk2 + γ2 × t2 × h / 2) + γfQ × Qk2 = 40.903 kN/m
Moment at middle of wall due to vertical load; Mmd2 = γfG × Gk2 × eG2 + γfQ × Qk2 × eQ2 = 0 kNm/m
Moment at middle of wall due to horizontal load; MEmd2 = 0.914 kNm/m
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to horizontal load; ehm2 = MEmd2 / Nmd2 = 22.3 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to loads - eq.6.7; em2 = Mmd2 / Nmd2 + ehm2 + einit = 31.8 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to creep; ek2 = 0 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall - eq.6.6; emk2 = max(em2 + ek2, 0.05 × t2) = 31.8 mm
From eq.G.2; A12 = 1 - 2 × emk2 / t2 = 0.704
Short term secant modulus of elasticity factor; KE = 1000
Modulus of elasticity - cl.3.7.2; E2 = KE × fk2 = 5045 N/mm2
Slenderness - eq.G.4; λ2 = (hef / tef) × √(fk2 / E2) = 0.605
From eq.G.3; u2 = (λ2 - 0.063) / (0.73 - 1.17 × emk2 / t2) = 0.974
Reduction factor at middle of wall - eq.G.1; Φm2 = max(A12 × ee-(u2 × u2)/2, 0) = 0.438
Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity; Φ2 = min(Φi2, Φm2) = 0.438

Verification of unreinforced masonry walls subjected to mainly vertical loading - Section 6.1.2
Design value of the vertical load; NEd2 = max(Nid2, Nmd2) = 40.903 kN/m
Design compressive strength of masonry; fd2 = fk2 / γMc = 1.869 N/mm2
Vertical resistance of wall - eq.6.2; NRd2 = Φ2 × t2 × fd2 = 176.091 kN/m
PASS - Design vertical resistance exceeds applied design vertical load
Considering outer leaf
Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity - Section 6.1.2.2
Vertical load at top of wall; Nid1 = γfG × Gk1 + γfQ × Qk1 = 0 kN/m
Moment at top of wall due to vertical load; Mid1 = γfG × Gk1 × eG1 + γfQ × Qk1 × eQ1 = 0 kNm/m
Initial eccentricity - cl.5.5.1.1; einit = hef / 450 = 9.4 mm
Moment at top of wall due to horizontal load; MEid1 = 0 kNm/m
Eccentricity at top of wall due to horizontal load; eh1 = 0 mm
Eccentricity at top of wall - eq.6.5; ei1 = max(eh1 + einit, 0.05 × t1) = 9.4 mm
Reduction factor at top of wall - eq.6.4; Φi1 = max(1 - 2 × ei1 / t1, 0) = 0.811
Vertical load at middle of wall; Nmd1 = γfG × (Gk1 + γ1 × t1 × h / 2) + γfQ × Qk1 = 5.738 kN/m
Moment at middle of wall due to vertical load; Mmd1 = γfG × Gk1 × eG1 + γfQ × Qk1 × eQ1 = 0 kNm/m
Moment at middle of wall due to horizontal load; MEmd1 = 5.25 kNm/m
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to horizontal load; ehm1 = MEmd1 / Nmd1 = 915 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to loads - eq.6.7; em1 = Mmd1 / Nmd1 + ehm1 + einit = 924.4 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to creep; ek1 = 0 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall - eq.6.6; emk1 = max(em1 + ek1, 0.05 × t1) = 924.4 mm
From eq.G.2; A11 = 1 - 2 × emk1 / t1 = -17.489
Short term secant modulus of elasticity factor; KE = 1000
Modulus of elasticity - cl.3.7.2; E1 = KE × fk1 = 2679 N/mm2
Slenderness - eq.G.4; λ1 = (hef / tef) × √(fk1 / E1) = 0.605
From eq.G.3; u1 = (λ1 - 0.063) / (0.73 - 1.17 × emk1 / t1) = -0.054
Reduction factor at middle of wall - eq.G.1; Φm1 = max(A11 × ee-(u1 × u1)/2, 0) = 0
Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity; Φ1 = min(Φi1, Φm1) = 0

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Purton Power Generator 122843
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Section Sheet no./rev.
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Unreinforced masonry walls subjected to lateral loading - Section 6.3


Partial safety factors for design loads
Partial safety factor for permanent load; γfG = 1.35
Partial safety factor for variable imposed load; γfQ = 1.5
Partial safety factor for variable wind load; γfW = 1.5
WARNING - Limiting height and length to thickness ratios for walls under the serviceability limit state were not
checked as the design is beyond the scope of Annex F, these limits should be checked independently.
Design moments of resistance in panels
Considering outer leaf
Self weight at top of wall; Swt1 = 0 kN/m
Design compressive strength of masonry; fd1 = fk1 / γMc = 0.992 N/mm2
Design vertical compressive stress; σd1 = min(γfG × (Gk1 + Swt1) / t1, 0.15 × Φ1 × fd1) = 0 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd11 = fxk11 / γMt = 0.185 N/mm2
Apparent design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd11,app = fxd11 + σd1 = 0.185 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry perpendicular to bed joints
fxd21 = fxk21 / γMt = 0.556 N/mm2
Elastic section modulus of wall; Z1 = t12 / 6 = 1666667 mm3/m
Moment of resistance parallel to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd11 = fxd11,app × Z1 = 0.309 kNm/m
Moment of resistance perpendicular to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd21 = fxd21 × Z1 = 0.926 kNm/m

Considering inner leaf


Self weight at top of wall; Swt2 = 0 kN/m
Design compressive strength of masonry; fd2 = fk2 / γMc = 1.869 N/mm2
Design vertical compressive stress; σd2 = min(γfG × (Gk2 + Swt2) / t2, 0.15 × Φ2 × fd2) = 0.1 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd12 = fxk12 / γMt = 0.111 N/mm2
Apparent design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd12,app = fxd12 + σd2 = 0.212 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry perpendicular to bed joints
fxd22 = fxk22 / γMt = 0.333 N/mm2
Elastic section modulus of wall; Z2 = t22 / 6 = 7704167 mm3/m
Moment of resistance parallel to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd12 = fxd12,app × Z2 = 1.63 kNm/m
Moment of resistance perpendicular to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd22 = fxd22 × Z2 = 2.568 kNm/m

Calculate design wind load acting on each leaf


Outer leaf design wind load; W k1 = MRd21 × W k / (MRd21 + MRd22) = 0.241 kN/m2
Inner leaf design wind load; W k2 = MRd22 × W k / (MRd21 + MRd22) = 0.669 kN/m2

Design moment in panels

45 of 319
Project Job Ref.
Purton Power Generator 122843
Black & Veatch
Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building (Cavity Wall ) 6
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

Considering outer leaf


Using elastic analysis to determine bending moment coefficients for a horizontally spanning panel
Bending moment coefficient; α1 = 0.125
Design moment in wall; MEd1 = γfW × α1 × W k1 × L2 = 0.370 kNm/m
PASS - Resistance moment exceeds design moment
Considering inner leaf
Using elastic analysis to determine bending moment coefficients for a horizontally spanning panel
Bending moment coefficient; α2 = 0.125
Design moment in wall; MEd2 = γfW × α2 × W k2 × L2 = 1.026 kNm/m
PASS - Resistance moment exceeds design moment

46 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF INTERNAL BLOCK WALL 140MM THICK

47 of 319
Project Job Ref.
Purton Power Generator 122843
Black & Veatch
Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building Internal Wall 140mm thick 1
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

MASONRY WALL PANEL DESIGN


In accordance with EN1996-1-1:2005 + A1:2012 incorporating Corrigenda February 2006 and July 2009 and the UK
national annex
Tedds calculation version 1.2.11

Masonry panel details


Internal Walls 140mm Thk - Unreinforced masonry wall without openings (1.5 + 3.385) - (0.2 + 0.4) = 4.285m
Panel length; L = 1375 mm
Panel height; h = 4285 mm
Panel support conditions
; Right, left and bottom supported, right continuous
Effective height of masonry walls - Section 5.5.1.2
Reduction factor; ρ2 = 1.000
Effective height of wall - eq 5.2; hef = ρ2 × h = 4285 mm
1375
4285

Single-leaf wall construction details


Wall thickness; t = 140 mm
Effective thickness of masonry walls - Section 5.5.1.3
Effective thickness; tef = t = 140 mm

48 of 319
Project Job Ref.
Purton Power Generator 122843
Black & Veatch
Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building Internal Wall 140mm thick 2
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

140

Masonry details
Masonry type; Aggregate concrete brick - Group 1
Compressive strength of masonry unit; fc = 6 N/mm2
Height of unit; hu = 255 mm
Width of unit; wu = 140 mm
Conditioning factor; k = 1.0
- Conditioning to the air dry condition in accordance with cl.7.3.2
Shape factor - Table A.1; dsf = 1.37
Mean compressive strength of masonry unit; fb = fc × k × dsf = 8.22 N/mm2
Density of masonry; γ = 24 kN/m3
Mortar type; M6 - General purpose mortar
Compressive strength of masonry mortar; fm = 6 N/mm2
Compressive strength factor - Table NA.4; K = 0.75
Characteristic compressive strength of masonry - eq 3.1
fk = K × fb0.7 × fm0.3 = 5.609 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure parallel to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk1 = 0.3 N/mm2
Characteristic flexural strength of masonry having a plane of failure perpendicular to the bed joints - Table NA.6
fxk2 = 0.9 N/mm2
Lateral loading details
Characteristic wind load on panel; W k = 0.800 kN/m2
Partial factors for material strength
Category of manufacturing control; Category I
Class of execution control; Class 2
Partial factor for masonry in compressive flexure; γMc = 2.70
Partial factor for masonry in tensile flexure; γMt = 2.70
Partial factor for masonry in shear; γMv = 2.50

Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity - Section 6.1.2.2


Vertical load at top of wall; Nid = γfG × Gk + γfQ × Qk = 0 kN/m
Moment at top of wall due to vertical load; Mid = γfG × Gk × eG + γfQ × Qk × eQ = 0 kNm/m
Initial eccentricity - cl.5.5.1.1; einit = hef / 450 = 9.5 mm
Moment at top of wall due to horizontal load; MEid = 0 kNm/m
Eccentricity at top of wall due to horizontal load; eh = 0 mm

49 of 319
Project Job Ref.
Purton Power Generator 122843
Black & Veatch
Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building Internal Wall 140mm thick 3
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

Eccentricity at top of wall - eq.6.5; ei = max(eh + einit, 0.05 × t) = 9.5 mm


Reduction factor at top of wall - eq.6.4; Φi = max(1 - 2 × ei / t, 0) = 0.864
Vertical load at middle of wall; Nmd = γfG × (Gk + γ × t × h / 2) + γfQ × Qk = 9.718 kN/m
Moment at middle of wall due to vertical load; Mmd = γfG × Gk × eG + γfQ × Qk × eQ = 0 kNm/m
Moment at middle of wall due to horizontal load; MEmd = 5.508 kNm/m
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to horizontal load; ehm = MEmd / Nmd = 566.8 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to loads - eq.6.7; em = Mmd / Nmd + ehm + einit = 576.3 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall due to creep; ek = 0 mm
Eccentricity at middle of wall - eq.6.6; emk = max(em + ek, 0.05 × t) = 576.3 mm
From eq.G.2; A1 = 1 - 2 × emk / t = -7.233
Short term secant modulus of elasticity factor; KE = 1000
Modulus of elasticity - cl.3.7.2; E = KE × fk = 5609 N/mm2
Slenderness - eq.G.4; λ = (hef / tef) × √(fk / E) = 0.968
From eq.G.3; u = (λ - 0.063) / (0.73 - 1.17 × emk / t) = -0.221
Reduction factor at middle of wall - eq.G.1; Φm = max(A1 × ee-(u × u)/2, 0) = 0
Reduction factor for slenderness and eccentricity; Φ = min(Φi, Φm) = 0

Unreinforced masonry walls subjected to lateral loading - Section 6.3


Partial safety factors for design loads
Partial safety factor for permanent load; γfG = 1.35
Partial safety factor for variable imposed load; γfQ = 0
Partial safety factor for variable wind load; γfW = 1.5

Limiting height and length to thickness ratios for walls under the serviceability limit state - Annex F
Length to thickness ratio; L / t = 9.821
Limiting height to thickness ratio - Figure F.3; 80
Height to thickness ratio; h / t = 30.607
PASS - Limiting height to thickness ratio is not exceeded
Design moments of resistance in panels
Self weight at top of wall; Swt = 0 kN/m
Design compressive strength of masonry; fd = fk / γMc = 2.078 N/mm2
Design vertical compressive stress; σd = min(γfG × (Gk + Swt) / t, 0.15 × Φ × fd) = 0 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd1 = fxk1 / γMt = 0.111 N/mm2
Apparent design flexural strength of masonry parallel to bed joints
fxd1,app = fxd1 + σd = 0.111 N/mm2
Design flexural strength of masonry perpendicular to bed joints
fxd2 = fxk2 / γMt = 0.333 N/mm2
Elastic section modulus of wall; Z = t2 / 6 = 3266667 mm3/m
Moment of resistance parallel to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd1 = fxd1,app × Z = 0.363 kNm/m
Moment of resistance perpendicular to bed joints - eq.6.15
MRd2 = fxd2 × Z = 1.089 kNm/m

Design moment in panels

50 of 319
Project Job Ref.
Purton Power Generator 122843
Black & Veatch
Section Sheet no./rev.
SubStation Building Internal Wall 140mm thick 4
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
VRN 5/20/2019 NVN

Using elastic analysis to determine bending moment coefficients for a horizontally spanning panel
Bending moment coefficient; α = 0.125
Design moment in wall; MEd = γfW × α × W k × L2 = 0.284 kNm/m
PASS - Resistance moment exceeds design moment

51 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF WIND POST

52 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Wind Post Page
Revision R0

Refer To the GA Plan of the Structure for Proposed Postion of Wind Post

All Height upto bottom of roof slab is 3.508m hence consevatively height
assumed in 3.6m. It is assumed that Ancon post will get connected to bottom
of roof slab

Height of post
for design 3.6 m

Along Longer Wall Zone A Zone B

For Permeable Walls

Max Pressure
2
Zone A 0.909 kN/m
2
Zone B 0.65 kN/m

Length of wall 2.3 m ((0.909x2.3)/2 + (0.65x1.92)/2)x3.6x1.5


Length of
Opening 1.92 m

Force on Wind Post 9.01 kN

ZONE A

For Impermeable Walls

Max Pressure Max Pressure


2 2
Zone A 0.7142 kN/m Zone A 0.7142 kN/m

Length of wall 3.94 m Length of wall 5.72 m


Length of
Opening 0.95 m
ZONE A
Force on Wind Post 9.4 kN Force on Wind Post 11.0 kN

(5.72/2) x 0.72 x 3.6 x1.5


((0.95+3.94)/2 x 0.72 x 3.6 x1.5

53 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Wind Post Page
Revision R0

Along Shorter Wall


Zone A

Max Pressure
2
Zone A 0.65 kN/m

Length of wall 5.72 m

Force on Wind Post 10.0 kN

(5.72/2) x 0.65 x 3.6 x1.5

Use WP2 170 x 70 x 5 Capacity is 11.69 kN

54 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name: Substation Building Wind Post for 140mm thick Internal Wall Page
Revision R0

Refer To the GA Plan of the Structure for Proposed Postion of Wind Post

All Height upto bottom of roof slab is 4.285m hence consevatively height
assumed in 4.5m. It is assumed that Ancon post will get connected to bottom
of roof slab

Height of post
for design 4.285 m

For Internal Wall 140mm Thick

Max Pressure
2
Zone A 0.8 kN/m

Length of wall 1.375 m

Force on Wind Post 3.5 kN Ok

Use WP4 120 x 8 Capicity is 3.62 kN

Zone A

55 of 319
CI/SfB Xt6

March 2018

Windposts and
BS EN 845-3
BS EN 1090-1
Masonry Reinforcement
for the Construction Industry
56 of 319
Windposts and Parapet Posts Parapet Posts
Ancon Parapet Posts provide lateral restraint
Ancon Windposts are designed to suit your
to masonry that projects above the main
specific construction and load conditions.
structure. They are designed as ‘cantilevers’
They are suitable for use where standard
and include a substantial base connection to
AMR ladder type masonry reinforcement is
transfer the bending moment to the structure.
inadequate or when there is a requirement to
To ensure a practical base connection the
split a large masonry panel.
posts are usually less than 1.6 metres in
height. The tables on page 11 show part of
the Ancon range of parapet posts. For further
information or advice on specific applications,
please contact Ancon’s Technical Services
Team.
BIM Objects
BIM objects are available to download from
www.NationalBIMLibrary.com/Ancon or
www.ancon.co.uk/BIM. WP1/WP3 Parapet Post Fixed
to Top and Face of Concrete

Typical Layout of Windposts and Parapet


Posts on an Elevation of Brickwork

Windpost Design
Ancon Windposts are designed to span
vertically between floors to provide lateral
support for panels of brickwork. The windposts
will usually be restrained by the brickwork and
designed as ‘simply supported beams’.
Deflection under wind load will often limit the
maximum loading. Windposts can be designed
as ‘propped cantilevers’ to limit deflection,
this however will require a much larger base
connection which in many cases may be
difficult to accommodate.
Ties at 225mm Ties at 225mm
Connections to the frame are designed to Vertical Centres Vertical Centres
permit adjustment during installation. Serrated
surfaces will be provided where adjustment is
in the direction of the load. The top connection
allows for shrinkage or vertical movement of
the frame to take place. The type of fixing will
depend on the nature of the frame. Expansion
bolts are normally supplied for concrete frames
and set screws will be supplied for steel
frames. The tables on page 10 include part 225mm
225mm
of the Ancon range of windposts. For further
information or advice on specific applications,
please contact Ancon’s Technical Services
Team.
Please note, it is the responsibility of the WP1/WP3 Windpost Fixed to WP2 Windpost Fixed to Top of
Engineer to design a suitable structure for Face of Concrete Structure Concrete and Underside of Steel Beam
connecting a windpost or parapet post.
Details for Specification and Ordering
Where windposts are to be connected to
Ancon Windposts are CE marked, designed to BS EN 1993 (EC3) and
a concrete frame, the project Structural
manufactured to BS EN 1090-1. Sufficient time should be allowed for the design,
Engineer should advise the concrete grade and
approval and manufacturing process when placing orders for windposts.
whether the windpost connections should be
The following clause can be adapted for your bill of quantities to aid the specification of Ancon
designed for cracked or un-cracked concrete.
Windposts and Parapet Posts.
In the absence of this information, Ancon will
provide designs based on C30/37 un-cracked Ancon Windposts WP3 65 x 60 x 4 in grade 1.4301 (304) stainless steel, overall length 2750mm
complete with all ties and end connections. Fixed with Ancon FBNll 12/50 Expansion Bolts.
concrete.

57 of 319 7
Masonry Reinforcement

Ancon WP1 and WP3 Windposts Ancon WP4 Windposts


Ancon WP1 and WP3 Windposts are channel Ancon WP4 Windposts are generally used
section windposts which are designed to in internal blockwork walls that have a ‘fair
be installed within the cavity leaving the faced’ finish to both sides and where the
blockwork undisturbed. The windposts are windposts cannot protrude beyond either face.
complete with end connections and ties which Sometimes referred to as ‘spine’ posts they
fit into the vertical slots in the flanges of the are flat plates designed to fit within the wall.
channel section. Although the depth of a WP4 post is limited
by the width of the masonry (ideally 20mm
less than the wall width), the thickness of the
post can vary to increase its load capacity.
Blockwork is tied through the post.

WP1 Windpost with SDN and SPN Ties in


Cavity Wall
WP4 Windpost with SNS Tie in Single Skin
Blockwork

Windpost Ties
A range of ties is available to suit Ancon
Windposts. SDN Ties are used to the outer
leaf and SPN Ties to the inner leaf. SNS
WP3 Windposts with SDN and SPN Ties Ties are used across the posts in the inner
Providing Support for Brick Pier
blockwork and can be supplied with a
Ancon WP2 Windposts debonding sleeve for use where there is a
Ancon WP2 Windposts are angle section vertical movement joint.
windposts designed for either small cavities
or where wind loads are high. One leg of the
angle windpost is built into the blockwork, SPN
and the blockwork tied through the leg of the
windpost to minimise any possible movement
or cracking of internal finishes. The design SDN
of Ancon WP2 Windposts assumes full
restraint to the longer leg of the post located
within the vertical masonry joint. To prevent SNS
lateral movement of the post within this joint
and ensure the windpost performs to its full
capacity, it is essential that this joint is tightly Windpost Ties for Thin-Joint Cellular
packed with mortar. If a vertical movement Clay Blockwork
joint is required in place of a tied joint, ties with A range of ties is available to suit Ancon WP3 Fixed to Concrete at the Base
a debonded end on one side can be supplied. windposts when used with an inner leaf of and a Steel Beam at the Top
The capacity of the post will be reduced in this cellular clay blocks, where the horizontal
configuration. bed joints are just 1mm.
The CCB-SPN connects channel profile
posts to the inner cellular clay block leaf and
CCB-SNS ties are used across angle
shaped posts installed in the inner leaf.

WP2 Windpost with SDN and SNS Ties in CCB-SPN


Cavity Wall

CCB-SNS

WP2 Windpost at Vertical Movement WP2 Windpost with SNS and SPN
Joint in the Inner Leaf of Blockwork with Wall Ties
Debonded Ties Across the Post
Note that the capacity of the windpost will be
reduced in this configuration.

8 Tel: +44 (0) 114 275 5224 www.ancon.co.uk 58 of 319


Fixings for Windposts and Parapet Posts
Connections to the frame can be made in a
variety of ways and will depend on the type
of post, structure and fixing being used.
Typical examples of connections are shown
below.

Base Connection of a
WP3 Windpost to CombiDeck

Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost to the Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost to the Top Connection of a WP2 Windpost to the
Face of the Concrete Underside of a Concrete Beam Underside of a Steel Beam

Top Connection of a WP1 Windpost to the Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost to the Top Connection of a WP2 Windpost to the
Underside of a Steel Box Beam Underside of a Steel Beam Underside of a Timber Wall Plate

Base Connection of a WP1/WP3 Parapet Base Connection of a WP3 Windpost Base Connection of a WP2 Windpost to a
Post to the Top and Face of a Concrete Slab to the Top of a Concrete Slab Concrete Infill in the Top of a Beam and
Block Floor

Connections
The choice of fixing and its position is dependent on the type and length of the windpost and
the structure to which it is being fixed. Ancon designs fixing details for the top and base of
each windpost and a drawing is issued for approval prior to manufacture.
The bolt in the slotted connection at the top of the windpost is positioned so that vertical
movement of the frame can take place.

Top Connection of a WP3


Windpost to the Top of a
Timber Wall Plate
59 of 319 9
Masonry Reinforcement

Properties and Recommended Ancon Windposts comply with all CE marking


Loads for Windposts to BS EN 1993 (EC3) requirements of BS EN 1090-1, including
Ancon Windposts are designed as ‘simply designs to EN 1993 (Eurocode 3) and external
supported beams’ with a maximum deflection certification of our factory
of span/360. The tables below include production controls by an
examples of Ancon’s range of Windposts approved body.
with maximum design loads to BS EN 1993
(Eurocode 3). The design resistances shown The section sizes shown are an example
should be compared to factored loads. of those available. For further information
or advice on specific applications please
contact Ancon’s Technical Services Team.

a a

a a
t t t

b b b
t
WP1 WP2 WP3 WP4
Performance of WP1 and WP3 Windposts to Eurocode 3
Size Design Resistance (kN) per Post (uniformly distributed) for Various Windpost Spans
axbxt 2.5m 3.0m 3.5m 4.0m 4.5m 5.0m 5.5m 6.0m
60x60x4 4.28 2.98 2.19 - - - - -
WP1
80x60x4 8.57 5.98 4.40 3.37 - - - -
55x60x4 3.19 2.22 - - - - - -
55x60x5 3.93 2.73 - - - - - -
65x60x4 4.68 3.26 2.39 1.83 - - - -
65x60x5 5.80 4.03 2.96 2.27 - - - -
75x60x4 6.49 4.53 3.33 2.55 - - - -
75x60x5 8.07 5.63 4.14 3.17 2.50 - - -
WP3 85x60x4 8.63 6.03 4.44 3.40 2.69 2.18 - -
85x60x5 10.75 7.51 5.54 4.24 3.35 2.72 2.24 -
95x60x5 13.83 9.72 7.17 5.50 4.35 3.52 2.91 2.45
105x60x5 16.24 12.22 9.04 6.94 5.49 4.45 3.68 3.09
115x60x5 16.24 15.03 11.16 8.59 6.80 5.51 4.56 3.83
115x60x6 16.24 17.20 12.77 9.82 7.78 6.31 5.22 4.38
115x65x8 16.24 19.20 16.97 13.06 10.34 8.39 6.93 5.83
Note: Table based on tie spacing of 225mm. Figures in bold indicate capacity limited by tie capacity.

For External Wall


Performance of WP2 Windposts to Eurocode 3
Size Design Resistance (kN) per Post (uniformly distributed) for Various Windpost Spans
axbxt 2.5m 3.0m 3.5m 4.0m 4.5m 5.0m 5.5m 6.0m
125x70x4 9.46 7.07 5.46 4.32 3.48 2.86 2.38 2.01
140x70x4 12.28 9.25 7.20 5.74 4.66 3.84 3.21 2.72
150x70x4 14.21 10.86 8.49 6.80 5.54 4.59 3.85 3.26
130x70x6 15.83 11.93 9.30 7.42 6.03 4.98 4.17 3.53
170x70x4 17.92 14.48 11.41 9.21 7.56 6.30 5.31 4.53
160x70x5 20.33 15.94 12.54 10.11 8.30 6.91 5.82 4.96
WP2 150x70x6 21.90 16.64 13.09 10.54 8.64 7.19 6.05 5.15
170x70x5 22.75 18.29 14.44 11.69 9.63 8.04 6.79 5.80
180x70x5 24.76 20.80 16.48 13.37 11.05 9.26 7.85 6.72
150x80x8 24.76 22.59 17.76 14.31 11.74 9.77 8.23 7.01
185x70x6 24.76 26.71 21.24 17.31 14.36 12.08 10.28 8.82
170x80x8 24.76 29.26 23.81 19.31 15.96 13.37 11.33 9.70
180x80x8 24.76 29.26 27.15 22.09 18.31 15.38 13.07 11.22
Note: Table based on tie spacing of 225mm, ties on each leg, no vertical movement joint and long leg restrained by the masonry. Figures in bold indicate capacity limited by tie capacity.

For Internal Wall 140mm


Properties and Performance of WP4 Windposts to Eurocode 3 thick
Size Design Resistance (kN) per Post (uniformly distributed) for Various Windpost Spans
axt 2.5m 3.0m 3.5m 4.0m 4.5m 5.0m 5.5m 6.0m
90x8 4.89 3.43 - - - - - -
100x8 6.65 4.68 3.46 2.65 2.10 - - -
WP4
110x8 8.74 6.20 4.59 3.53 2.79 2.26 - -
120x8 11.18 7.98 5.94 4.57 3.62 2.94 2.43 2.04
Note: Table based on post restrained by the masonry.

10 Tel: +44 (0) 114 275 5224 www.ancon.co.uk 60 of 319


Wind Post

2.860 m 2.860 m 2.860 m 2.860 m 2.860 m 2.860 m


1.375
LOCATION OF WIND POST

1.375

61 of 319
2.860 m

2.280 m
WP2 170 x 70 x 5
WP4 120 x 8
At Center of Wall
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

SHEAR CAPACITY CHECK FOR CAVITY WALLS

62 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Shear Capacity Check Revision R0

Shear Capacity Check

Effective Thickness

Ktef 1 (Clause NA.2.13 NA to BS EN 1996-1-1:2005)


t1 100 mm Wind Post

t2 215 mm

tef 221.9819 mm (3.385 + 0.6 + 0.15) = 4.135


~ 4.25m

4250/222

4.25
Opening
Height of wall 4250 mm

Effective ht reduction factor 1 ….. BS EN 1996-1-1-2009

Slenderness
ratio 19.1457 < 27 Ok …….. 5.5.1.4 BS EN 1996-1-1-2009

Panel Height 4250 mm


0.95 3.385
ELEVATION
Panel Length 3385 mm Max clear length between wind post

2
Max Pressure 0.91 kN/m

h/L 1.26
0.88 x 3.385/2 x 1.5
Factor of safety for loads = 1.5
Marked Wall Checked

Check for Shear Capacity Key Plan

Max Shear
Force 2.310263 kN per mt height

C/s of the 1000 x 221.98 (tef)


2
wall 221982 mm

63 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Shear Capacity Check Revision R0
2
Shear Stress 0.010407 N/mm

Characterisitic Shear Strength


Max Shear Force / Area

2
fvko 0.2 N/mm …….. Table 3.4

Safety Factor =2.5 for materials ……. Table NA 1

2
fvk 0.04 N/mm

fvk 0.045 x fb

2
fvk 4.95 N/mm ……… NA 2.4

2
fvk 0.04 N/mm
2
> 0.010407 N/mm Hence Ok

64 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF TIES

65 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Design Of Ties Revision R0

Design Of Ties

The minimum no. of wall ties per unit area should be obtained from eqaution (6.20)…….. Cl
6.5 (4) EC6

Max
Pressure 0.909 kN/m2 0.909 x 1.5
2
Wed 1.3635 kN/m

F 1300 N ( Refer the Ancon Brocure)

Safety Factor = 3.5 ( for Material, Table NA.1)

nf 3.670962

Approximately 5 nos

Provide 5 ties per unit area

Ties should be evenley distributed over the wall area, except around openings and
preferabely be staggered.

At vertical edge of an opening, unreturned or unbonded edges, and vertical expansion joint,
additional ties should be used at a rate of one per 300mm ht, located not more than 225mm
from the edge

Length of ties = 200mm

66 of 319
67 of 319
68 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF LINTELS

69 of 319
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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Design of Lintel Revision R0

Design of Wall Lintel

Max Opening Size 1920 x 3000 mm


Min Opening Size 950 x 3000 mm

Ht of opening above max size ( 3385 - 3000) 385 mm


Ht of opening above max size ( 3385 - 3000) 385 mm

Dead Loads

Bitumen Cap
2
Sheet 0.045 kN/m
2
Underlay 0.03 kN/m
2
Vapour Barrier 0.01 kN/m
Thermal
Insulation
2
(130mm thick) 0.046 kN/m
Screeding
Maximum of
150mm thickness
considerd Density
1200 kg/m2 1.8 kN/m
2

Live Load

Live Load for


maintainence
2
purpose 1 kN/m

Snow Load

Snow Load due to


2
gravity 0.18 kN/m

2
Load Due to Drift 0.9 kN/m

2
Total Dead Load 1.93 kN/m

Total Impose Load


2
Live + Snow 2.08 kN/m

1 70 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Design of Lintel Revision R0

Case 1 Opening Size 1920 x 3000 mm ( 0.215 x 0.385 x 24) + (0.1 x 1.035 x 24)

Brick Work 4.47 kN/m


Load = (Self Wt of Slab + Finishes + Live
+ Snow) * Slab Span/ 2 + Brick Work +
Self Wt of Lintel 0.18 kN/m Approx Self Wt of Lintel
(2.36 + 2 + 2.08) x (5.79/2) + 4.47 + 0.18
Total UDL 23.1 kN/m
23.1 x (1.92 + 0.3)

Total Load 51.3 kN

Provide CX 70/125 ( 0.215 x 0.385 x 24) + (0.1 x 1.035 x 24)

Case 2 Opening Size 950 x 3000 mm

Brick Work 4.47 kN/m


(2.36 + 2 + 2.08) x (5.79/2) + 4.47 + 0.18
Self Wt of Lintel 0.18 kN/m Approx

Total UDL 23.1 kN/m 23.1 x (0.95 + 0.3)

Total Load 28.9 kN

Provide CH 70/125
Lintel For Internal Walls 140mm Thk
( 0.14 x 0.385 x 24)
Opening Size 950 x 3000 mm

Brick Work 1.29 kN/m

Self Wt of Lintel 0.18 kN/m Approx 1.47 x (0.95 + 0.3)

Total UDL 1.47 kN/m

Total Load 1.842 kN

Provide BSD 140

2 71 of 319
Above Opening Size 1920 x 3000

Cavity Wall Lintel - CX70/125


Open back lintel
Benefits
Easy-to-use open back profile
Allows masonry to be built up continuously on both outer and
inner leaf
Materials used in Lintels
The CG, CH and CX ranges are formed from galvanised 70-85mm Cavity
steel, then powder coated 125-140mm Wide Inner Leaf All ratios are shown
inner to outer
Duplex corrosion protection
Ensures optimum durability and longevity Extra Heavy Duty
Built-in DPC
Saves time in construction and means cavity is easy to clean
without risk of damage to DPC Standard lengths are available in 150mm
increments up to 3000mm, 300mm at
Integral Plaster key lengths 3000mm to 4800mm (including
With staggered slots applied to the inner flange and ribbed 4575mm, but excluding 4500mm).
underside of insulation (perforated steel baseplate on CH CX70/125
and CX range)
Standard lengths (mm) 900- 2850- 3300- 4200-
Continuous insulation 2700 3000 3900 4800
Maximising thermal efficiency, minimising cold bridging
SWL 1:1/19:1 (kN) 60 55 50 32
Weight (kg/m) 16.7 16.7 20.3 20.3
Features:
Nominal height ‘h’ (mm) 232 232 232 232
• Triangulated masonry load
• Supporting uniformly distributed masonry load The SWL (safe working load) is based on the total UDL
• Supporting uniformly distributed timber floor and roof loads
i (uniform distributed load) over maximum span using
150mm end bearings.
• Suitable for fair faced inner leaf masonry
• Supports concrete floors Concrete Floor Loads
When using the Catnic CH and CX open back ranges with concrete
• Attic truss loads
floors, always ensure that the blockwork is built tight against the inner
• Larger span multiple truss loads vertical face of the lintel and that a mortar joint is added to the top of
the blockwork so that the floor units have an even spread over the
Conditions of use: inner flange of the lintel.
• Nominal 150mm end bearings
• Both leaves are raised together Note: To achieve the ‘CH and CX’ loading figures indicated, lintels
must be built-in as illustrated, ensuring that the blockwork infill is
• One course of block prior to installation of floor/roof well-jointed during construction and compatible with the strength
of the masonry above.

Where CH and CX lintels are required to support greater


Note: Whilst the above information is intended to offer general loads than the figures published please contact our
guidance regarding typical applications, it should not be Technical Services Department on
considered as comprehensive. Requirements not fully covered by
the above should be referred to our technical services
department for individual consideration. 029 2033 7900
Catnic
www.catnic.com
Pontypandy Industrial Estate
Caerphilly Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this publication are accurate, but Tata
Steel Europe Limited and its subsidiaries, which includes Tata Steel UK Limited, do not
CF83 3GL
accept responsibility or liability for errors or information that is found to be misleading.
T: 029 2033 7900 Before using products or services supplied or manufactured by Tata Steel Europe Limited
F: 029 2086 7796 and its subsidiaries, customers should satisfy themselves as to their suitability.
72 of 319
01/2015 © Copyright 2015 Tata Steel UK Limited.
Above Opening Size 950 x 3000

Cavity Wall Lintel - CH70/125


Open back lintel
Benefits
Easy-to-use open back profile
Allows masonry to be built up continuously on both outer and
inner leaf
Materials used in Lintels
The CG, CH and CX ranges are formed from galvanised 70-85mm Cavity
steel, then powder coated 125-140mm Wide Inner Leaf
Duplex corrosion protection All ratios are shown
Ensures optimum durability and longevity inner to outer

Built-in DPC Heavy Duty


Saves time in construction and means cavity is easy to clean
without risk of damage to DPC
Integral Plaster key Standard lengths are available
in 150mm increments.
With staggered slots applied to the inner flange and ribbed
underside of insulation (perforated steel baseplate on CH
CH70/125
and CX range)
Standard lengths (mm) 900-1800 1950-2100 2250-2400
Continuous insulation
Maximising thermal efficiency, minimising cold bridging SWL 1:1/19:1 (kN) 32 48 45
Weight (kg/m) 11.1 13.9 13.9
Features: Nominal height ‘h’ (mm) 157 157 157
• Triangulated masonry load
The SWL (safe working load) is based on the total UDL
• Supporting uniformly distributed masonry load i (uniform distributed load) over maximum span using
• Supporting uniformly distributed timber floor and roof loads 150mm end bearings.
• Suitable for fair faced inner leaf masonry
Concrete Floor Loads
• Supports concrete floors When using the Catnic CH and CX open back ranges with concrete
• Attic truss loads floors, always ensure that the blockwork is built tight against the inner
• Larger span multiple truss loads vertical face of the lintel and that a mortar joint is added to the top of
the blockwork so that the floor units have an even spread over the
Conditions of use: inner flange of the lintel.
• Nominal 150mm end bearings
Note: To achieve the ‘CH and CX’ loading figures indicated, lintels
• Both leaves are raised together must be built-in as illustrated, ensuring that the blockwork infill is
• One course of block prior to installation of floor/roof well-jointed during construction and compatible with the strength
of the masonry above.

Where CH and CX lintels are required to support greater


Note: Whilst the above information is intended to offer general loads than the figures published please contact our
guidance regarding typical applications, it should not be Technical Services Department on
considered as comprehensive. Requirements not fully covered by
the above should be referred to our technical services
department for individual consideration. 029 2033 7900
Catnic
www.catnic.com
Pontypandy Industrial Estate
Caerphilly Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this publication are accurate, but Tata
Steel Europe Limited and its subsidiaries, which includes Tata Steel UK Limited, do not
CF83 3GL
accept responsibility or liability for errors or information that is found to be misleading.
T: 029 2033 7900 Before using products or services supplied or manufactured by Tata Steel Europe Limited
F: 029 2086 7796 and its subsidiaries, customers should satisfy themselves as to their suitability.
73 of 319
01/2015 © Copyright 2015 Tata Steel UK Limited.
Above Opening Size 950 x 3000 Internal Walls

Internal Wall Lintel - BSD140


Partition and loadbearing wall lintel

Benefits 140mm
Duplex corrosion protection
Ensures optimum durability and longevity
Interior Solid Walls
Integral Plaster key Standard Duty
With staggered holes to three sides of box profile

Standard lengths are available in increments of 150mm at


lengths up to 3000mm, 300mm at lengths from 3000mm –
4800mm (including 4575mm, but excluding 4500mm).

Universal application caters for all loading conditions: BSD140


• Direct floor or roof load Standard 1050- 2250- 2850- 3900-
2100 2700 3600 4575 4800
• Supports concrete floor loads lengths (mm)
• Supports point loads e.g. steel beams SWL (kN) 19 20 29 29 27
Weight (kg/m) 6.9 8.7 13.1 16.2 16.2
BSD, BHD and BXD Nominal
143 143 219 219 219
As previous plus: height ‘h’ (mm)
• Suitable for 140mm blockwork
The SWL (safe working load) is based on the total UDL
i (uniform distributed load) over maximum span using
150mm end bearings.

Note: Whilst the above information is intended to offer general


guidance regarding typical applications, it should not be
considered as comprehensive. Requirements not fully covered by
the above should be referred to our technical services
department for individual consideration.

Catnic
www.catnic.com
Pontypandy Industrial Estate
Caerphilly Care has been taken to ensure that the contents of this publication are accurate, but Tata
Steel Europe Limited and its subsidiaries, which includes Tata Steel UK Limited, do not
CF83 3GL
accept responsibility or liability for errors or information that is found to be misleading.
T: 029 2033 7900 Before using products or services supplied or manufactured by Tata Steel Europe Limited
F: 029 2086 7796 and its subsidiaries, customers should satisfy themselves as to their suitability.
01/2015 © Copyright 2015 Tata Steel UK Limited.
74 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF HOLLOW CORE SLAB

75 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Loading Calculation for Roof Slab Revision R0

Dead Loads

Bitumen Cap
2
Sheet 0.045 kN/m
2
Underlay 0.03 kN/m
2
Vapour Barrier 0.01 kN/m
Thermal
Insulation
2
(130mm thick) 0.046 kN/m
Screeding
Maximum of
150mm thickness
considerd Density
1200 kg/m2 1.8 kN/m
2

Live Load

Live Load for


maintainence
2
purpose 1 kN/m

Snow Load

Snow Load due to


2
gravity 0.18 kN/m

2
Load Due to Drift 0.9 kN/m

2
Total Dead Load 1.93 kN/m

Total Impose Load


2
Live + Snow 2.08 kN/m

Total Load = 4.08 kN/m2


Load to be considered for Hollow core slab is 4.08-1.5 = 2.58
kN/m2
1.5 kN/m2 is deducted a Hollow core slab already takes care of
Self wt + 1.5 kN/m2 Finishes

76 of 319
HOLLOWCORE
FLOORING

K EY B E NE FI TS
t Long spans
t Quick installation, particularly when compared to wet concrete solutions
t Immediate working platform
t High load capacity
t Preformed holes for services
t A wide range of slab depths available
t Can be used with masonry, steel, precast and in-situ forms of
construction
D ESI GN & MA N U FA CTURE
t Designed to BS8110 and BS EN 1992-1-1
t Can be designed as a composite floor
t Lifting points can be provided
t All units can be offered with insulation preattached to the soffit
t Prestressed design with inherent precamber (generally span/ 300)
t Fire resistance rating of up to 2 hours
t 50 to 100 year lifespan
t Can easily incorporate disproportionate collapse details
T Y PI CAL APPLI CATIO NS
t Residential (Multi-occupancy)
t Offices
t Education
t Car Parks
t Retail
t Custodial

12 | fpmccann.co.uk/flooring 01335 361269 / 01698 803300 77 of 319


H OLLOWC O RE L OAD / SPA N TABLE
Spans indicated opposite allow for characteristic service load (live load kN/m²) + unit self WT + 1.5kN/m² for floor finishes.
NOTE:
Unit Self Weight Fire Characteristic Service Load kN/m2 Tables are given as a guide only.
Depth Rating When using maximum spans,
(mm) (kN/m2) (hrs) 0.75 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 7.5 10.5 15.0 consideration to the effect of camber/
2.36 1 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.10 6.60 5.80 5.20 4.50 deflection on finishes/ internal
150
partitions is advised. Reinforcement
3.02 1 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.50 7.40 6.90 6.40 5.60 5.10 4.40 patterns will vary, dependent on the
150H
spans/ loads specified.
200 2.98 *1 10.00 9.90 9.70 9.20 9.00 8.40 7.90 7.00 6.30 5.40
Tables do not consider reduced
250 3.62 *1 12.50 11.70 11.30 10.90 10.50 9.80 9.30 8.20 7.50 6.40 capacities for potential service hole
requirements or additional loads to
260 3.47 *1 13.00 12.50 12.00 11.50 11.00 10.50 10.00 8.50 8.00 7.00 those stated above. For alternative
load/ span combinations, including
300 3.99 2 14.60 14.30 14.10 13.60 13.30 12.50 11.90 10.70 9.70 7.90 service hole requirements or
composite designs, please consult
350 4.53 2 16.00 15.00 14.90 14.70 14.50 14.20 13.20 12.00 10.80 9.50 the FP McCann design office.

400 5.15 2 17.00 17.00 17.00 16.30 15.70 15.10 14.40 13.10 12.10 10.50 * 2hr available. Please consult the
FP McCann’s design office for further
450 5.46 2 17.00 17.00 17.00 17.00 16.50 16.20 15.20 14.00 13.00 11.30 details.

SOLI D C OM PO SITE P LANK LOAD / SPAN TA B L E


Unit Depth & Concrete Self Weight Fire Rating Propped Characteristic Service Load Kn/m2
Topping (mm) (kN/m2) (hrs) Y/N 0.75 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 5.00 10.00 15.00
75 + 75 3.57 1 N 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.50
75 + 100 4.24 1 N 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.65
100 + 50 3.55 *1 N 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.10 3.68
100 + 100 4.75 *1 N 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 4.30 3.90
75 + 75 3.57 1 Y 7.50 7.00 6.80 6.50 6.35 5.95 5.60 4.56 3.92
75 + 100 4.24 1 Y 8.32 7.78 7.52 7.25 7.02 6.62 6.29 5.12 4.05
100 + 50 3.55 *1 Y 7.80 7.27 7.00 6.75 6.50 6.10 5.60 4.10 3.65
100 + 100 4.75 *1 Y 9.10 8.50 8.22 8.08 7.82 7.33 7.05 5.80 4.00

INK JE T P LOT T E R
The ink jet plotter brings quality, detailing and dimensional benefits
to our hollowcore flooring product. During the manufacturing
process, the ink jet accurately details the exact dimensions
from the designers AutoCAD drawings onto the top surface of
the hollowcore. This ensures that the lengths and any required
features are formed exactly as designed. The unique identification
of each unit, together with the weight and traceability information,
is also printed onto the flooring units.

78 of 319 fpmccann.co.uk/flooring 01335 361269 / 01698 803300 | 13


AVAILABLE 1 0 0 M M DE EP ( 6 0 / 7 5 / 1 6 0 ALS O AVAIL A BL E)

SLAB DEPTHS 100mm


A wide range of hollowcore slab depths are available to suit your
requirements. Slabs can be used as a finished soffit. Good flexibility on
cut width units reduces in-situ strips. Allows for full precast make up.

1 5 0 MM H D E EP 1 5 0 M M DE EP

150mm 150mm

2 0 0 MM H D E EP 2 0 0 M M DE EP

200mm
200mm

2 5 0 M M DE EP 2 6 0 M M DE EP

260mm
250mm

3 0 0 MM D E EP 3 5 0 M M DE EP

350mm
300mm

4 0 0 MM D E EP 4 5 0 M M DE E P

450mm
400mm

14 | fpmccann.co.uk/flooring
fpmccann.co.uk/flooring01335 361269
01335 / 01698
361269 803300
/ 01698 803300 79 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

LOAD CALCULATIONS OF SUPER-STRUCTURE APPLIED IN STAAD PRO


MODEL

80 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
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Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

WALL LOAD CALCULATIONS

81 of 319
Calculations for Marked Wall

82 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Load of Brick Wall HT 3.385m Revision R0

Calculation of Load of Brick Wall

Internal & External Brick Load Calculations (Height of Internal Wall 3.385 m)

Internal Brick
Thickness 215 mm
External Brick
Thickness 100 mm

Density of Internal
3
Brick 24 kN/m
Density of External
3
Brick 24 kN/m

Height of Internal
Wall 3.385 m 3.385 + 0.6 + 0.15 = 4.135m
Height of External
Wall 4.135 m

Total Load of Internal


Wall 17.5 kN/m 0.215 x 24 x 3.385 …….. (1)
Total Load of
External Wall 9.9 kN/m 0.100 x 24 x 3.985 …….. (2)

Parapet Load

Thickness of Parapet
Wall 100 mm

Height of Parapet 0.45 m

3
Density of Brick 24 kN/m

Load of Coping 0.67 kN/m

Total Load of Parapet 1.75 kN/m (100 x 0.45 x 24) +0.67 …….. (3)

Slab Load On Internal Brick

Slab Thickness 150 mm Hollow Core Slab

2
Self Wt of Slab 2.36 kN/m …….. (4)

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Load of Brick Wall HT 3.385m Revision R0

2
Finishes on Slab 2 kN/m …….. (5)

2
Live Load 1 kN/m

Total Load on Slab


2
due to Dead Loads 4.36 kN/m

Slab Span (Effective) 5.155 m

Load of Slab on
Beam/ Wall (Dead) 11.2 kN/m ((4)+(5)) x Span /2 …….. (6)

Load of Slab on
Beam/ Wall (Live) 2.6 kN/m Live load x Span /2 …….. (7)

Load Summary
Nodal
Load
applied (1)+(2)+(3)
Nodal Load in
Dead applied in Model
Load Live Load Model (kN) (kN)
Say 15 kN
Description kN/m kN/m Dead Live

Panal Size
Load on Shorter Wall
490mm
(Brick Load Ext + Int + 29.1 - 14.3 -
considered for
Parapet )
calculation

Panal Size
Load on Longer Wall
490mm
(Brick Load Ext + Int + 40.4 2.6 19.8 1.3
considered for
Parapet + Slab Load )
calculation

(1)+(2)+(3)+(6)
(7)

Say 20 kN Say 2 kN

84 of 319
Calculations for Marked Wall

85 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Load of Brick Wall Revision R0

Calculation of Load of Brick Wall

Internal & External Brick Load Calculations (Height of Internal Wall 3.385 -1.125 = 2.26 m)

Internal Brick
Thickness 215 mm
External Brick
Thickness 100 mm

Density of Internal
3
Brick 24 kN/m
Density of External
3
Brick 24 kN/m

Height of Internal
2.26 + 0.6 + 0.15 = 3.01m
Wall 2.26 m
Height of External
Wall 3.01 m

Total Load of
Internal Wall 11.7 kN/m 0.215 x 24 x 2.26 …….. (1)
Total Load of
External Wall 7.2 kN/m 0.100 x 24 x 3.01 …….. (2)

Parapet Load

Thickness of Parapet
Wall 100 mm

Height of Parapet 0.45 m

3
Density of Brick 24 kN/m

Load of Coping 0.67 kN/m

Total Load of
Parapet 1.75 kN/m (100 x 0.45 x 24) +0.67 …….. (3)

Slab Load On Internal Brick

Slab Thickness 150 mm Hollow Core Slab

2
Self Wt of Slab 2.36 kN/m …….. (4)

86 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Load of Brick Wall Revision R0

2
Finishes on Slab 2 kN/m …….. (5)

2
Live Load 1 kN/m

Total Load on Slab


2
due to Dead Loads 4.36 kN/m

Slab Span (Effective) 5.155 m

Load of Slab on
Beam/ Wall (Dead) 11.2 kN/m ((4)+(5)) x Span /2 …….. (6)

Load of Slab on
Beam/ Wall (Live) 2.6 kN/m Live load x Span /2 …….. (7)

Load Summary

Nodal Load Nodal Load


Dead applied in applied in
Load Live Load Model (kN) Model (kN)
Description kN/m kN/m Dead Live Say 15 kN
(1)+(2)+(3)
Panal Size
Load on Shorter Wall
490mm
(Brick Load Ext + Int 20.6 - 10.1 -
considered for
+ Parapet )
calculation Say 20 kN

Load on Longer Wall Panal Size


Say 2 kN
(Brick Load Ext + Int 490mm
31.9 2.6 15.6 1.3
+ Parapet + Slab considered for
Load ) calculation
(1)+(2)+(3)+(6)
(7)
Load Due To Partion Wall wall height 3.385 = 4.885

Thickness of Partion
wall 140 mm

Density of Partion
3
wall 24 kN/m

Height of Partion
wall 3.385 m 11.4/0.48 = 24 ~ 25 kN/m2

Load Due to Partion


wall 11.4 kN/m

87 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

SNOW LOAD ON WALLS

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Snow Load Due To Gravity & Drift Revision

Calculation of Snow Load Due To Drift

19.95m

5.79m
Load Intensity 0.9 kN/m
Length of Drift Load 2.3 m

Longer Span 19.95 m


(1)
Shorter Span 5.97 m

Height of Parapet 0.45 m

Total Reaction on
Longer Span (Vu) 1.0 kN ….. (1)
Total Reaction on
Shorter Span (Vu) 2.7 kN ….. (2)

Snow Load On Flat Roof (Gravity)

2
Snow Load 0.18 kN/m 19.95m
5.79m

Slab Span (Effective) 5.155 m

(2) (2)
Load of Slab on
Beam/ Wall 0.5 kN/m

For Simplicity of Analysis considered UDL

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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewed by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Calculation of Snow Load Due To Gravity & Drift Revision

Load Summary

Nodal
Load
Snow applied in
Load Model
Description kN/m (kN) Snow

Panal Size
Load on Longer Wall
490mm
(Drift + Flat Roof 0.5 3.9
considered
Load )
for calculation

(0.5 * 0.49)+ 1 + 2.7 = 3.9


~ 5 kN

90 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

CALCULATIONS FOR SOIL PRESSURE

91 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 2.625 m RevisionR0

CASE I Soil Pressure & Comapaction Load


14.65 - 13.675 + 1.5 + 0.3 = 2.775 ~ 2.925m
Height of
Wall (h) 2.925 m
Angle of
Friction 24 degree
Density of
3
Soil 20 kN/m

2
Surcharge 10 kN/m
Compacti
2
on 12.5 kN/m
1- Sin Ф
Earth Pressure at Rest

Ko 0.59

1.05

2.93 or =

1.87

2 2
34.7 kN/m 12.5 kN/m
12.5 22.2
Combine
Earth Pressure Compaction Load Earth
Pressure &
Compaction

92 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 2.625 m RevisionR0

CASE II Soil Pressure & Surcharge

2.93 +

K0 x W
2 2
34.7 kN/m 5.9 kN/m
Earth Pressure Load due to Surcharge

Applied at Hatched Location

93 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.5 m RevisionR0

CASE I Soil Pressure & Comapaction Load

1.5 + 0.3 = 1.8m


Height of
Wall (h) 1.8 m
Angle of
Friction 24 degree
Density of
3
Soil 20 kN/m

2
Surcharge 10 kN/m
Compacti
2
on 12.5 kN/m
1- Sin Ф
Earth Pressure at Rest

Ko 0.59

1.05

1.80 or =

0.75

2 2
21.4 kN/m 12.5 kN/m
12.5 8.9
Combine
Earth Pressure Compaction Load Earth
Pressure &
Compaction

94 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.5 m RevisionR0

CASE II Soil Pressure & Surcharge

1.80 +

K0 x W
2 2
21.4 kN/m 5.9 kN/m
Earth Pressure Load due to Surcharge

Applied at Hatched Location

95 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed
VRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
R0
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.5 m Trench Wall Revision

CASE I Soil Pressure & Comapaction Load


1.5 + 0.3 = 1.8m
Height of
Wall (h) 1.8 m Surcharge due to Slab 0.35 x 25 = 8.75 kN/m2

Angle of Self Wt of
2
Friction 24 degree Slab 8.75 kN/m
Density of
3 2
Soil 20 kN/m Live Load 5 kN/m

2 2
Surcharge 10 kN/m Total 13.75 kN/m
Compacti
2
on 12.5 kN/m

Earth Pressure at Rest 1- Sin Ф

Ko 0.59

1.05

1.80 or =

0.75

2 2
21.4 kN/m 12.5 kN/m
12.5 8.9
Combine
Earth Pressure Compaction Load Earth
Pressure &
Compaction

96 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed
VRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
R0
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.5 m Trench Wall Revision

CASE II Soil Pressure & Surcharge


As Surcharge due to slab is more use 13.75 kN/m2

1.80 +

K0 x W
2 2
21.4 kN/m 8.2 kN/m
Earth Pressure Load due to Surcharge

Applied at Hatched Location

97 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.125 m RevisionR0

CASE I Soil Pressure & Comapaction Load


1.125 + 0.35 = 1.475m
Height of
Wall (h) 1.475 m
Angle of
Friction 24 degree
Density of
3
Soil 20 kN/m

2
Surcharge 10 kN/m
Compacti
2
on 12.5 kN/m
1- Sin Ф
Earth Pressure at Rest

Ko 0.59

1.05

1.48 or =

0.42

2 2
17.5 kN/m 12.5 kN/m
12.5 5.0
Combine
Earth Pressure Compaction Load Earth
Pressure &
Compaction

98 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS ComputedVRNby
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 CheckedNVN
by
Project name : Purton Power GeneratorsReviewd by
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page
Soil Pressure Calculation for wall height 1.125 m RevisionR0

CASE II Soil Pressure & Surcharge

1.48 +

K0 x W
2 2
17.5 kN/m 5.9 kN/m
Earth Pressure Load due to Surcharge

Applied at Hatched Location

99 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

WIND LOADS ON FOUNDATION

100 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Load in Fz Direction Revision R0

Total Wind Pressure along Long Walls Fz Direction

Load on Impermiable Wall


1.346 kN/m
Max Pressure 714.2 + 77.9
2 2
Max Pressure 792.1 N/mm = 0.8 kN/mm
Load 1.354 kN/m (0.8 x 3.385)/2
Length of wall 19.95 m 19
.95
No. of Nodes in
Staad 44 1.385 x 19.95
44
Load per Node 0.70 kN 16 kN

3.385
Total Wind Pressure along Long Walls Fz Direction

1.5
Load on Permiable Wall

Max Pressure 389.6 + 402.6 16 kN


2 2 Push 11 kN
Max Pressure 792.2 N/mm = 0.8 kN/mm
Length of wall 19.95 m
Load 1.354 kN/m (0.8 x 3.385)/2
No. of Nodes in Pull 11 kN
Staad 44 1.385 x 19.95
44
Load per Node 0.70 kN

Roof Diaphragam Load will be transferred on short wall as Pull & Push
Load on Impermiable Wall

Load 0.8 kN/m


Height of
Building 3.385 m (0.8 x 3.385 x 19.95)
2x2
Length of wall 19.95 m

Reaction due to
Wind Pressure 14 kN ~ 16 kN

101 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Load in Fz Direction Revision R0

Pull and Push on short wall Due to Reaction of 16 kN

Length of Short wall 5.79 m 16 x 3.385


5.79
Pull/Push 9.4 kN ~ 11.5 kN

Load on Permiable Wall

Load 0.8 kN/m


Height of
Building 3.385 m
(0.8 x 3.385 x 19.95)
Length of wall 19.68 m 2x2

Reaction due to
Wind Pressure 13 kN ~ 16 kN

Pull and Push on short wall Due to this Reaction

Length of Short wall 5.79 m 16 x 3.385


5.79
Pull/Push 9.4 kN ~ 11.5 kN

102 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
Load in Fx Direction Revision R0

Total Wind Pressure along Short Walls Fx Direction

Load on Impermiable Wall

2
Max Pressure 0.65 kN/m
Load 1.10 kN/m (0.65 x 3.385)/2
Length of wall 5.97 m
1.1 x 5.97
No. of Nodes in
Staad 15 15

Load per Node 0.50 kN

103 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN & LOAD CALCULATION OF GRATING ON TRENCH

104 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by NVN
Project name : Purton Power Generator Reviewd by
Unit Name : Substation Building Page
GRATING LOAD ON TRENCH Revision R0

Self Weight
of Grating 0.5 kN/m2

Live Load 5 kN/m2

Span of
Grating 1.2 m

Dead Load
on Beam 0.6 kN/m

Live load on
Beam 6 kN/m

Span of Beam 2.8 m Say 1 kN

Dead Load
on Trench
Wall 0.84 kN
Say 10 kN

Live Load on
Trench Wall 8.4 kN

Steel Beam Design on Hold As Discussion with ED

105 of 319
SALES 01642 233299 SALES@LK-UK.COM
TECHNICAL 01642 233297 TECHNICAL@LK-UK.COM WWW.LK-UK.COM

3mm LK20BP (MESH SIZE 21/100) 5mm LK20BP (MESH SIZE - 23/100)
Self Colour Binding Bar Self Colour Binding Bar
Bearing Bar Max Clear Span Bearing Bar Max Clear Span
Loading Max Clear Span Deflection Deflection Weights Per Weight Loading Max Clear Span Deflection Deflection Weights Per Weight
Dimensions L/200 or 10mm Dimensions L/200 or 10mm
Category 4mm Deflection (mm) (mm) Square Metre Based on Category 4mm Deflection (mm) (mm) Square Metre Based on
(mm) Max Deflection (mm) Max Deflection
(kgs) 2x1m (kgs) (kgs) 2x1m (kgs)
5kn/m2 1075 3.98 1300 6.16 5kn/m2 1290 3.90 1525 7.62
25 x 3 30.49 1.18 25 x 5 45.01 1.96
7.5kn/m2 1055 3.99 1155 5.73 7.5kn/m2 1180 3.98 1340 6.63
5kn/m2 1305 4.00 1580 7.90 5kn/m2 1485 3.98 1825 9.09
30 x 3 36.03 1.41 30 x 5 53.45 2.36
7.5kn/m2 1210 3.98 1390 6.90 7.5kn/m2 1350 3.95 1610 8.00
5kn/m2 1535 3.99 1840 9.17 5kn/m2 1665 4.00 2090 9.91
35 x 3 41.56 1.65 35 x 5 61.89 2.75
7.5kn/m2 1355 3.94 1620 8.05 7.5kn/m2 1515 3.96 1880 9.39
5kn/m2 1655 4.00 2080 9.98 5kn/m2 1830 3.94 2305 9.92
40 x 3 47.09 1.88 40 x 5 70.33 3.14
7.5kn/m2 1505 4.00 1855 9.23 7.5kn/m2 1675 3.98 2105 9.94
5kn/m2 2005 3.97 2525 9.99
Notes:- 45 x 5 78.77 3.53
1. Deflection in the table above is limited to span/200 or 10mm, whichever is the lesser. 7.5kn/m2 1830 3.97 2305 9.99
2. It should be noted that the difference in level between a loaded and a neighbouring unloaded flooring shall not exceed
4mm. LK panel joint clips can be used to negate this issue. The below tables have both options listed.
5kn/m2 2160 4.00 2715 9.98
50 x 5 87.21 3.93
3. The below tables are based upon BS4592-0:2006+A1:2012 & BS5950-1:2000 Table 2 Which is a 5kn/m2 or 7.5kn/m2 UDL 7.5kn/m2 1975 3.99 2485 9.99
OR a 1.5kn point load over a 200mmx200mm contact area, whichever is the more onerous.
4. The below tables take into consideration MINIMUM bearing bar rolling tolerances as defined by LKFS-STD-98 5kn/m2 2460 3.98 3095 9.98
6. Material is BS EN 10025 Grade S275JR 60 x 5 104.09 4.71
7.5kn/m2 2255 3.98 2835 9.95

PANEL JOINING CLIPS ARE REQUIRED IF L/200 OR 10MM


DEFLECTION IS USED

106 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

PRIMARY LOAD CASE & COMBINATIONS

107 of 319
Job No Sheet No Rev
122843 1 0

Software licensed to Part Substation


CONNECTED User: Vishal Nishar Foundation
Job Title PURTON POWER GENERATION Ref

By VRN Date28-Mar-19 Chd

Client BRISTOL WATER File Date/Time _R0.std


122843_Sub Station with meshing 23-Apr-2019 11:11

Job Information
Engineer Checked Approved

Name: VRN
Date: 28-Mar-19

Project ID
Project Name

Comments
Foundation Design

Structure Type SPACE FRAME

Number of Nodes 1097 Highest Node 1144


Number of Plates 1036 Highest Plate 5147

Number of Basic Load Cases -2


Number of Combination Load Cases 0

Included in this printout are data for:


All The Whole Structure

Included in this printout are results for load cases:


Type L/C Name

Primary 1 DEAD LOAD (DL)


Primary 2 LIVE LOAD
Primary 3 SNOW LOAD
Primary 4 WIND LOAD +X
Primary 5 WIND LOAD +Z
Primary 6 WIND LOAD -X
Primary 7 WIND LOAD -Z
Primary 8 SOIL PRESSURE + COMPACTION
Primary 9 SOIL PRESSURE + SURCHARGE
Primary 1001 1.35DL+1.5LL+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1002 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1003 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1004 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1005 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1006 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1007 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1008 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1009 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1010 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1011 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1012 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1013 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1014 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)

Print Time/Date: 23/04/2019 14:14 STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition 21.00.02.30 Print Run 1 of 82

108 of 319
Job No Sheet No Rev
122843 2 0

Software licensed to Part Substation


CONNECTED User: Vishal Nishar Foundation
Job Title PURTON POWER GENERATION Ref

By VRN Date28-Mar-19 Chd

Client BRISTOL WATER File Date/Time _R0.std


122843_Sub Station with meshing 23-Apr-2019 11:11

Job Information Cont...


Type L/C Name

Primary 1018 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)


Primary 1019 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1020 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1021 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1022 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1023 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1024 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1025 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1026 1.1DL+1.5WL(+X)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1027 1.1DL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1028 1.1DL+1.5WL(-X)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 1029 1.1DL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 2001 1.35DL+1.5LL+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2002 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2003 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2004 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2005 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2006 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2007 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2008 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2009 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2010 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2011 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2012 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2013 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2014 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2015 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2016 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2017 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2018 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2019 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2020 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2021 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2022 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2023 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2024 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2025 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2026 1.1DL+1.5WL(+X)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2027 1.1DL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2028 1.1DL+1.5WL(-X)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 2029 1.1DL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 3001 1.0DL+1.0RL+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3002 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3003 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3004 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3005 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)

Print Time/Date: 23/04/2019 14:14 STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition 21.00.02.30 Print Run 2 of 82

109 of 319
Job No Sheet No Rev
122843 3 0

Software licensed to Part Substation


CONNECTED User: Vishal Nishar Foundation
Job Title PURTON POWER GENERATION Ref

By VRN Date28-Mar-19 Chd

Client BRISTOL WATER File Date/Time _R0.std


122843_Sub Station with meshing 23-Apr-2019 11:11

Job Information Cont...


Type L/C Name

Primary 3006 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)


Primary 3007 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3008 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3009 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3010 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3011 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3012 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3013 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3014 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3015 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3016 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3017 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3018 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3019 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3020 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3021 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3022 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3023 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3024 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3025 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3026 1.0DL+1.0WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3027 1.0DL+1.0WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3028 1.0DL+1.0WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 3029 1.0DL+1.0WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
Primary 4001 1.0DL+1.0RL+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4002 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4003 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4004 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4005 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4006 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4007 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4008 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4009 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4010 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4011 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4012 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4013 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4014 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4015 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4016 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4017 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4018 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4019 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4020 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4021 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4022 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)

Print Time/Date: 23/04/2019 14:14 STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition 21.00.02.30 Print Run 3 of 82

110 of 319
Job No Sheet No Rev
122843 4 0

Software licensed to Part Substation


CONNECTED User: Vishal Nishar Foundation
Job Title PURTON POWER GENERATION Ref

By VRN Date28-Mar-19 Chd

Client BRISTOL WATER File Date/Time _R0.std


122843_Sub Station with meshing 23-Apr-2019 11:11

Job Information Cont...


Type L/C Name

Primary 4022 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)


Primary 4023 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4024 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4025 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4026 1.0DL+1.0WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4027 1.0DL+1.0WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4028 1.0DL+1.0WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
Primary 4029 1.0DL+1.0WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)

Print Time/Date: 23/04/2019 14:14 STAAD.Pro CONNECT Edition 21.00.02.30 Print Run 4 of 82

111 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

STAAD INPUT FILE

122843_Sub Station _R0.std

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
STAAD SPACE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 28-Mar-19
JOB NAME PURTON POWER GENERATION
ENGINEER NAME VRN
JOB NO 122843
JOB REV 0
JOB COMMENT Foundation Design
JOB PART Substation Foundation
JOB CLIENT BRISTOL WATER
CHECKER NAME NVN
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 19.95 0 0; 5 0 0 3.0625; 6 19.95 0 3.0625; 7 21.75 0 0;
8 21.75 0 3.0625; 9 0 1.8 0; 10 19.95 1.8 0; 13 0 1.8 3.063;
Snipped
1358 19.5204 1.8 5.22875; 1359 19.95 1.8 5.22875; 1360 0 2.363 5.528;
1361 0 2.363 5.229; 1362 0 2.925 5.528; 1363 0 2.925 5.229; 1364 0 3.275 5.528;
1365 0 3.275 5.229;
ELEMENT INCIDENCES SHELL
1001 275 723 696 7; 1002 723 724 700 696; 1003 724 725 704 700;
1004 725 726 708 704; 1005 726 727 712 708; 1007 253 786 644 2;
Snipped
5461 1151 1365 1363 764; 5462 1365 1364 1362 1363; 5463 764 1363 1361 765;
5464 1363 1362 1360 1361; 5465 765 1361 1317 774; 5466 1361 1360 1272 1317;
ELEMENT PROPERTY
*************Base Slab**********
2001 TO 2004 2006 TO 2010 2012 TO 2017 2019 TO 2023 2025 TO 2029 2031 TO 2035 -
2037 TO 2041 2043 TO 2047 2049 TO 2053 2055 TO 2059 2061 TO 2065 -
2067 TO 2071 2073 TO 2077 2079 TO 2083 2085 TO 2089 2097 TO 2101 -
2103 TO 2107 2109 TO 2113 2115 TO 2119 2121 TO 2125 2127 TO 2131 -
2133 TO 2137 2139 TO 2143 2145 TO 2149 2151 TO 2155 2157 TO 2161 -
2163 TO 2167 2169 TO 2173 2175 TO 2179 2181 TO 2185 2187 TO 2191 -
2199 TO 2203 2205 TO 2209 2211 TO 2215 2217 TO 2221 2223 TO 2227 -
2229 TO 2233 2235 TO 2239 2241 TO 2245 2247 TO 2251 2253 TO 2257 -
2259 TO 2263 2265 TO 2269 2271 TO 2275 2277 TO 2281 2283 TO 2287 -
2289 TO 2293 5156 TO 5296 THICKNESS 0.3
*********************************
*************Walls Above Base Slab**********
********************************************
*************Wall Above NGL**********
3001 TO 3015 3017 TO 3024 3050 TO 3064 3066 TO 3073 3099 TO 3113 3115 TO 3122 -
3501 TO 3505 3507 TO 3511 3513 TO 3517 5299 TO 5307 THICKNESS 0.525
3148 TO 3162 3164 TO 3186 3188 TO 3195 3519 TO 3523 3525 TO 3529 3602 TO 3606 -
3610 TO 3614 5149 TO 5153 5308 TO 5313 5461 TO 5466 THICKNESS 0.425
********************************************
*************Wall Till NGL**********
3025 TO 3032 3034 TO 3049 3074 TO 3081 3083 TO 3098 3123 TO 3130 3132 TO 3146 -
3147 THICKNESS 0.525
5001 TO 5015 5017 TO 5032 5034 TO 5064 5066 TO 5081 5083 TO 5113 5115 TO 5130 -
5132 TO 5147 THICKNESS 0.3
1007 TO 1011 1019 TO 1023 1031 TO 1035 5314 TO 5322 THICKNESS 0.525
1001 TO 1005 1013 TO 1017 1025 TO 1029 5323 TO 5331 THICKNESS 0.3
*************Slab on NGL**********
4001 TO 4003 4007 TO 4011 4015 4016 4018 TO 4022 4026 TO 4030 4034 TO 4038 -
4042 TO 4046 4050 TO 4054 4058 TO 4062 4066 TO 4070 4074 TO 4078 -
4082 TO 4086 4090 TO 4094 4098 TO 4102 4106 TO 4110 4114 TO 4118 -
4130 TO 4134 4138 TO 4142 4146 TO 4150 4154 TO 4158 4162 TO 4166 -
4170 TO 4174 4178 TO 4182 4186 TO 4190 4194 TO 4198 4202 TO 4206 -
4210 TO 4214 4218 TO 4222 4226 TO 4230 4234 TO 4238 4242 TO 4246 -
4250 TO 4254 4266 TO 4270 4274 TO 4278 4282 TO 4286 4290 TO 4294 -

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
4298 TO 4302 4306 TO 4310 4314 TO 4318 4322 TO 4326 4330 TO 4334 -
4338 TO 4342 4346 TO 4350 4354 TO 4358 5375 TO 5460 THICKNESS 0.35
********************************************
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC CONCRETE
E 3.7e+07
POISSON 0.17
DENSITY 25
ALPHA 5e-06
DAMP 0.05
TYPE CONCRETE
STRENGTH FCU 50000
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORTS
2001 TO 2004 2006 TO 2010 2012 TO 2017 2019 TO 2023 2025 TO 2029 2031 TO 2035 -
2037 TO 2041 2043 TO 2047 2049 TO 2053 2055 TO 2059 2061 TO 2065 -
2067 TO 2071 2073 TO 2077 2079 TO 2083 2085 TO 2089 2097 TO 2101 -
2103 TO 2107 2109 TO 2113 2115 TO 2119 2121 TO 2125 2127 TO 2131 -
2133 TO 2137 2139 TO 2143 2145 TO 2149 2151 TO 2155 2157 TO 2161 -
2163 TO 2167 2169 TO 2173 2175 TO 2179 2181 TO 2185 2187 TO 2191 -
2199 TO 2203 2205 TO 2209 2211 TO 2215 2217 TO 2221 2223 TO 2227 -
2229 TO 2233 2235 TO 2239 2241 TO 2245 2247 TO 2251 2253 TO 2257 -
2259 TO 2263 2265 TO 2269 2271 TO 2275 2277 TO 2281 2283 TO 2287 -
2289 TO 2293 4001 TO 4003 4007 TO 4011 4015 4016 4018 TO 4022 4026 TO 4030 -
4034 TO 4038 4042 TO 4046 4050 TO 4054 4058 TO 4062 4066 TO 4070 -
4074 TO 4078 4082 TO 4086 4090 TO 4094 4098 TO 4102 4106 TO 4110 -
4114 TO 4118 4130 TO 4134 4138 TO 4142 4146 TO 4150 4154 TO 4158 -
4162 TO 4166 4170 TO 4174 4178 TO 4182 4186 TO 4190 4194 TO 4198 -
4202 TO 4206 4210 TO 4214 4218 TO 4222 4226 TO 4230 4234 TO 4238 -
4242 TO 4246 4250 TO 4254 4266 TO 4270 4274 TO 4278 4282 TO 4286 -
4290 TO 4294 4298 TO 4302 4306 TO 4310 4314 TO 4318 4322 TO 4326 -
4330 TO 4334 4338 TO 4342 4346 TO 4350 4354 TO 4358 5156 TO 5296 -
5375 TO 5460 PLATE MAT DIRECT Y SUBGRADE 25000 PRINT COMPRESSION
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE DEAD LOAD (DL)
SELFWEIGHT Y -1
JOINT LOAD
*******Internal Height 3.385 Shorter Span Load**************************
14 776 778 780 782 784 1073 1085 1097 1109 1121 1264 1265 FY -15
*********************************************
*******Internal Height 3.385 Longer Span Load**************************
10 32 187 189 191 193 195 197 199 219 221 223 225 227 229 231 233 235 237 -
239 1273 TO 1315 FY -20
*********************************************
*******Internal Height 2.26 Shorter Span Load**************************
743 745 747 749 751 1146 TO 1151 1256 1258 1364 1365 FY -15
*********************************************
*******Internal Height 2.26 Longer Span Load**************************
18 20 30 141 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 172 174 176 -
178 180 182 184 FY -20
*********************************************
*******Load due to Grating**************************
13 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 111 115 119 123 187 191 195 199 219 223 227 231 235 -
239 265 269 282 286 290 294 298 302 306 341 345 349 353 371 375 379 383 403 -
407 411 415 419 423 449 453 FY -1
******************************************
************** Load Due to 140mm Wall************
94 209 324 393 FY -25
ELEMENT LOAD
4130 TO 4134 4266 TO 4270 4333 4334 4341 4349 4357 5405 5437 5453 PR GY -25
*********************************************
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE Live REDUCIBLE TITLE LIVE LOAD

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
******* Due to Roof Slab Tranfered on walls**************************
JOINT LOAD
10 18 20 30 32 141 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 172 -
174 176 178 180 182 184 187 189 191 193 195 197 199 219 221 223 225 227 229 -
231 233 235 237 239 1273 TO 1315 FY -2
*********************************************
ELEMENT LOAD
******* Load on Trench **************************
2001 TO 2004 2006 TO 2010 2012 TO 2017 2019 TO 2023 2025 TO 2029 2031 TO 2035 -
2037 TO 2041 2043 TO 2047 2049 TO 2053 2055 TO 2059 2061 TO 2065 -
2067 TO 2071 2073 TO 2077 2079 TO 2083 2085 TO 2089 2097 TO 2101 -
2103 TO 2107 2109 TO 2113 2115 TO 2119 2121 TO 2125 2127 TO 2131 -
2133 TO 2137 2139 TO 2143 2145 TO 2149 2151 TO 2155 2157 TO 2161 -
2163 TO 2167 2169 TO 2173 2175 TO 2179 2181 TO 2185 2187 TO 2191 -
2199 TO 2203 2205 TO 2209 2211 TO 2215 2217 TO 2221 2223 TO 2227 -
2229 TO 2233 2235 TO 2239 2241 TO 2245 2247 TO 2251 2253 TO 2257 -
2259 TO 2263 2265 TO 2269 2271 TO 2275 2277 TO 2281 2283 TO 2287 -
2289 TO 2293 5156 TO 5296 PR GY -12
*********************************************
******* Load on grade slab **************************
4001 TO 4003 4007 TO 4011 4015 4016 4018 TO 4022 4026 TO 4030 4034 TO 4038 -
4042 TO 4046 4050 TO 4054 4058 TO 4062 4066 TO 4070 4074 TO 4078 -
4082 TO 4086 4090 TO 4094 4098 TO 4102 4106 TO 4110 4114 TO 4118 -
4130 TO 4134 4138 TO 4142 4146 TO 4150 4154 TO 4158 4162 TO 4166 -
4170 TO 4174 4178 TO 4182 4186 TO 4190 4194 TO 4198 4202 TO 4206 -
4210 TO 4214 4218 TO 4222 4226 TO 4230 4234 TO 4238 4242 TO 4246 -
4250 TO 4254 4266 TO 4270 4274 TO 4278 4282 TO 4286 4290 TO 4294 -
4298 TO 4302 4306 TO 4310 4314 TO 4318 4322 TO 4326 4330 TO 4334 -
4338 TO 4342 4346 TO 4350 4354 TO 4358 5375 TO 5460 PR GY -5
*********************************************
*******Load due to Grating**************************
JOINT LOAD
52 56 60 64 68 72 76 111 115 119 123 187 191 195 199 219 223 227 231 235 239 -
265 269 282 286 290 294 298 302 306 341 345 349 353 371 375 379 383 403 407 -
411 415 419 423 449 453 FY -10
*********************************************
LOAD 3 LOADTYPE Snow TITLE SNOW LOAD
*******Includes Drift & Uniform Snow Load**************************
JOINT LOAD
10 18 20 30 32 141 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 172 -
174 176 178 180 182 184 187 189 191 193 195 197 199 219 221 223 225 227 229 -
231 233 235 237 239 1273 TO 1315 FY -5
*********************************************
LOAD 4 LOADTYPE Wind TITLE WIND LOAD +X
JOINT LOAD
18 743 745 747 749 751 1147 TO 1151 1256 1258 1364 1365 FX 0.5
LOAD 5 LOADTYPE Wind TITLE WIND LOAD +Z
******* Load due to wind **************************
JOINT LOAD
10 15 18 20 30 32 141 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 -
172 174 176 178 180 182 184 187 189 191 193 195 197 199 219 221 223 225 227 -
229 231 233 235 237 239 265 267 269 FZ 0.7
*********************************************
******* Reaction due to windward and leeward **************************
15 18 FZ 16
*********************************************
******* Push & Pull Force **************************
15 18 FY 11.5
1272 1315 FY -11.5
*********************************************
LOAD 6 LOADTYPE Wind TITLE WIND LOAD -X
JOINT LOAD
10 14 776 778 780 782 784 1073 1085 1097 1109 1121 1264 1265 1315 1359 FX -0.5

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
LOAD 7 LOADTYPE Wind TITLE WIND LOAD -Z
******* Load due to wind **************************
JOINT LOAD
*********************************************
******* Reaction due to windward and leeward **************************
*********************************************
******* Push & Pull Force **************************
10 18 FY -11.5
1272 TO 1315 FZ -0.7
1315 1364 FZ -16
1272 1315 FY 11.5
*********************************************
LOAD 8 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE SOIL PRESSURE + COMPACTION
******* Compaction load **************************
ELEMENT LOAD
*********************************************
******* Load on W2 **************************
5001 TO 5015 5017 TO 5032 5034 TO 5064 5066 TO 5081 5083 TO 5113 5115 TO 5130 -
5132 TO 5147 PR GZ -12.5
5001 TO 5015 5017 TO 5032 5034 TO 5049 TRAP Y 0 8.9
*****************************************************************
*****************Load on W5************************************************
1001 TO 1005 1013 TO 1017 1025 TO 1029 5323 TO 5331 PR GX -12.5
1001 TO 1005 5323 TO 5325 TRAP Y 0 -8.9
*****************************************************************
******* Load on W1 **************************
3001 TO 3015 3017 TO 3032 3034 TO 3064 3066 TO 3081 3083 TO 3113 3115 TO 3130 -
3132 TO 3162 3164 TO 3186 3188 TO 3195 PR GZ 12.5
3025 TO 3032 3034 TO 3049 TRAP Y 0 -8.9
3099 TO 3113 3115 TO 3122 TRAP Y 0 -6.79
3050 TO 3064 3066 TO 3073 TRAP Y -6.79 -12.95
3001 TO 3015 3017 TO 3024 TRAP Y -12.95 -22.2
*******************************************************************************
*************************Load on W3************************************
3501 TO 3505 3507 TO 3511 3513 TO 3517 3519 TO 3523 3525 TO 3529 3602 TO 3606 -
3610 TO 3614 5149 TO 5153 5299 TO 5313 5461 TO 5466 PR GX 12.5
3513 TO 3517 5305 TO 5307 TRAP Y 0 6.79
3507 TO 3511 5302 TO 5304 TRAP Y 6.79 12.95
3501 TO 3505 5299 TO 5301 TRAP Y 12.95 22.2
3602 TO 3606 5465 5466 TRAP Y 0 5
*********************************************
LOAD 9 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE SOIL PRESSURE + SURCHARGE
ELEMENT LOAD
*******************Load on W2********************************************
5001 TO 5015 5017 TO 5032 5034 TO 5064 5066 TO 5081 5083 TO 5113 5115 TO 5130 -
5132 TO 5147 PR GZ -8.2
5099 TO 5113 5115 TO 5130 5132 TO 5147 TRAP Y 0 6.54
5050 TO 5064 5066 TO 5081 5083 TO 5098 TRAP Y 6.54 12.49
5001 TO 5015 5017 TO 5032 5034 TO 5049 TRAP Y 12.49 21.4
******************************************************************************
**************************Load on W1***************************************
3001 TO 3015 3017 TO 3032 3034 TO 3064 3066 TO 3081 3083 TO 3113 3115 TO 3130 -
3132 TO 3162 3164 TO 3186 3188 TO 3195 PR GZ 6
3172 TO 3186 3188 TO 3195 TRAP Y 0 -6.67
3148 TO 3162 3164 TO 3171 TRAP Y -6.67 -13.35
3099 TO 3113 3115 TO 3122 TRAP Y -13.35 -19.88
3050 TO 3064 3066 TO 3073 TRAP Y -19.88 -25.81
3001 TO 3015 3017 TO 3024 TRAP Y -25.81 -34.7
3123 TO 3130 3132 TO 3147 TRAP Y 0 -6.54
3074 TO 3081 3083 TO 3098 TRAP Y -6.54 -12.49
3025 TO 3032 3034 TO 3049 TRAP Y -12.49 -21.4
*****************************************************************
************** Load on W5**********************

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
1001 TO 1005 1013 TO 1017 1025 TO 1029 5323 TO 5331 PR GX -6
1025 TO 1029 5329 TO 5331 TRAP Y 0 -6.54
1013 TO 1017 5326 TO 5328 TRAP Y -6.54 -12.49
1001 TO 1005 5323 TO 5325 TRAP Y -12.49 -21.4
*****************************************************************
**************** Load on W3*******************************
3501 TO 3505 3507 TO 3511 3513 TO 3517 3519 TO 3523 3525 TO 3529 3602 TO 3606 -
3610 TO 3614 5150 TO 5153 PR GX 6
***********Wall On Grade Slab*****************************
3525 TO 3529 5308 TO 5310 TRAP Y 0 6.67
3519 TO 3523 5311 TO 5313 TRAP Y 6.67 13.35
3513 TO 3517 5305 TO 5307 TRAP Y 13.35 19.88
3507 TO 3511 5302 TO 5304 TRAP Y 19.88 25.81
3501 TO 3505 5299 TO 5301 TRAP Y 25.81 34.7
5149 TO 5153 5461 5462 TRAP Y 0 4.16
3610 TO 3614 5463 5464 TRAP Y 4.16 10.83
3602 TO 3606 5465 5466 TRAP Y 10.83 17.5
************************************************************************
*********************************************
*******ULTIMATE LOAD COMBO**************************
*****************with soil pressure & Compaction**************************
LOAD 1001 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5LL+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1002 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 4 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1003 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 5 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1004 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 6 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1005 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 7 0.3 8 1.35
*************************************
LOAD 1006 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 4 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1007 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 5 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1008 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 6 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1009 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 7 0.75 8 1.35
*************************************
LOAD 1010 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 4 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1011 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 5 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1012 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 6 0.3 8 1.35
LOAD 1013 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 7 0.3 8 1.35
************************************

117 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
LOAD 1014 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 4 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1015 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 5 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1016 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 6 0.75 8 1.35
LOAD 1017 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 7 0.75 8 1.35
*******************************************
LOAD 1018 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 4 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1019 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 5 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1020 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 6 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1021 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 7 1.5 8 1.35
********************************************
LOAD 1022 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 4 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1023 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 5 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1024 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 6 1.5 8 1.35
LOAD 1025 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 7 1.5 8 1.35
********************************************
LOAD 1026 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(+X)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 4 1.5 8 1.1
LOAD 1027 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 5 1.5 8 1.1
LOAD 1028 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(-X)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 6 1.5 8 1.1
LOAD 1029 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.1(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 7 1.5 8 1.1
***************************************************************************
************** With Soil Pressure & Surcharge**************************
LOAD 2001 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5LL+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2002 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 4 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2003 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 5 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2004 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)

118 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 6 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2005 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.75SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.75 7 0.3 9 1.35
*************************************
LOAD 2006 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 4 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2007 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 5 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2008 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 6 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2009 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.5RL+0.3SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.5 3 0.3 7 0.75 9 1.35
*************************************
LOAD 2010 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 4 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2011 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 5 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2012 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 6 0.3 9 1.35
LOAD 2013 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+1.5SL+0.3WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 1.5 7 0.3 9 1.35
************************************
LOAD 2014 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 4 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2015 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 5 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2016 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 6 0.75 9 1.35
LOAD 2017 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+1.5SL+0.75WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 1.5 7 0.75 9 1.35
*******************************************
LOAD 2018 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 4 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2019 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 5 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2020 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 6 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2021 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+1.05RL+0.3SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 1.05 3 0.3 7 1.5 9 1.35
********************************************
LOAD 2022 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 4 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2023 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD

119 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 5 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2024 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-X)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 6 1.5 9 1.35
LOAD 2025 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.35DL+0.75RL+0.75SL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.35(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.35 2 0.75 3 0.75 7 1.5 9 1.35
********************************************
LOAD 2026 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(+X)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 4 1.5 9 1.1
LOAD 2027 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(+Z)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 5 1.5 9 1.1
LOAD 2028 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(-X)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 6 1.5 9 1.1
LOAD 2029 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.1DL+1.5WL(-Z)+1.1(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.1 7 1.5 9 1.1
*********************************************
*******SERVICE LOAD COMBO**************************
******************Soil Pressure & Compaction****************************
LOAD 3001 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3002 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 4 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3003 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 5 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3004 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 6 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3005 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 7 0.2 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3006 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 4 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3007 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 5 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3008 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 6 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3009 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 7 0.5 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3010 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 4 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3011 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 5 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3012 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 6 0.2 8 1.0
LOAD 3013 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)

120 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 7 0.2 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3014 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 4 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3015 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 5 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3016 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 6 0.5 8 1.0
LOAD 3017 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 7 0.5 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3018 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 4 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3019 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 5 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3020 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 6 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3021 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 7 1.0 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3022 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 4 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3023 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 5 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3024 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 6 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3025 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 7 1.0 8 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 3026 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 4 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3027 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 5 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3028 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 6 1.0 8 1.0
LOAD 3029 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL-OR-COMPACTION)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 7 1.0 8 1.0
***********************************************
**************************Soil Preesure + Surcharge******************************
LOAD 4001 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4002 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 4 0.2 9 1.0

121 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
LOAD 4003 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 5 0.2 9 1.0
LOAD 4004 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 6 0.2 9 1.0
LOAD 4005 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.5SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.5 7 0.2 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4006 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 4 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4007 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 5 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4008 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 6 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4009 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0RL+0.2SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 0.2 7 0.5 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4010 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 4 0.2 9 1.0
LOAD 4011 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 5 0.2 9 1.0
LOAD 4012 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 6 0.2 9 1.0
LOAD 4013 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+1SL+0.2WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 1.0 7 0.2 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4014 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 4 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4015 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 5 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4016 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 6 0.5 9 1.0
LOAD 4017 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+1SL+0.5WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 1.0 7 0.5 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4018 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 4 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4019 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 5 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4020 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 6 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4021 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.7RL+0.2SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.7 3 0.2 7 1.0 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4022 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)

122 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 4 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4023 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 5 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4024 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 6 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4025 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+0.5RL+0.5SL+1WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 2 0.5 3 0.5 7 1.0 9 1.0
*********************************************
LOAD 4026 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(+X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 4 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4027 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(+Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 5 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4028 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(-X)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 6 1.0 9 1.0
LOAD 4029 LOADTYPE None TITLE 1.0DL+1.0WL(-Z)+1.0(SOIL+SURCHARGE)
REPEAT LOAD
1 1.0 7 1.0 9 1.0
****************************************
PERFORM ANALYSIS
DEFINE ENVELOPE
1001 TO 1029 2001 TO 2029 ENVELOPE 1 TYPE STRENGTH
3001 TO 3029 4001 TO 4029 ENVELOPE 2 TYPE SERVICEABILITY
END DEFINE ENVELOPE
FINISH

123 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

STAAD MODEL & LOADS APPLIED

124 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

125 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DEAD LOAD

Self Weight

Internal Wall Load


RCC Beam Load

Wall Load

Wall Load

Wall Load

Load Due to Grating


Wall Load 126 of 319
on Trench Top
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

LIVE LOAD

Live Load due to Roof LL

Live Load on Trench


Bottom Slab

Live Load due to Grating


Live Load on Grade Slab

127 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

SNOW LOAD

Snow Load Gravity + Drift on Roof

WIND LOAD

128 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

WIND LOAD

Wind Load Due To Wall

Wind Load Due To Wall


Reaction

Wind Load Due To Pull


Wind Load Due To Push

129 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURE

130 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB ( TRENCH ) 300MM THK

131 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Base Pressure

132 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Max Dispacement

Maximum settlement
values for the base slab=
Node 211 3 mm < maximum
allowable of 12 mm
settlement.

133 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

say 15 kN.m

Say 52 kN.m

134 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

169 x 0.3 = 50.4 ~ 60 kN/m 361 x 0.3 = 108 ~ 120 kN/m

My = 68+ 3 = 71 ~ 80 kN.m
Mx = 18 + 4 = 22 ~ 25 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

137 of 319
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 52.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 2860 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 300 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 12 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 12 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 244 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1131 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.754% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

138 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1131 mm² 1053 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.194 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.076 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.98 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 858000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 6320 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 271.52 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.8 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.90 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 77 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 212.967 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 74 mm 140 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 74489 mm² 140000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0152 0.0081 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = 0.0006 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0006

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 280 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 304 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.194 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

139 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 1.00 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 300 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 150000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1053 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 20 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 66 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 890 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 271.52
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 150.32 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 675 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 113 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.076 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab 300mm Thick My Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 12 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 12 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 300mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 2.86m for
ULS design moment M ED = 80kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 120kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
142 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS (Base Slab trench) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK &Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCHProject No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 244mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 500 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

K= 0.027 K=MED/(bd2fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 790sq-mm Section 9
= 517sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 300000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 12000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1131sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.91 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0046 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.65 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 159.06 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
143 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS (Base Slab trench) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 15.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 2860 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 300 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 12 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 12 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 232 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1131 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.754% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

144 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1131 mm² 1053 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.059 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.080 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.98 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 858000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 6320 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 271.52 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.8 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.90 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 76 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 64.632 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 75 mm 150 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 74704 mm² 150000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0151 0.0075 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0002 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 340 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 305 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.059 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

145 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 1.00 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 300 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 150000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1053 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 20 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 66 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 941 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

146 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab ( Trench ) 300mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 271.52
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 150.32 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 711 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 113 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.080 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

147 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Base Slab 300mm Thick Mx Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 12 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 12 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 300mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 2.86m for
ULS design moment M ED = 25kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 60kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
148 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS (Base Slab trench) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK &Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCHProject No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 232mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 452 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

K= 0.009 K=MED/(bd2fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 264sq-mm Section 9
= 491sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 300000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 12000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1131sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.93 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0049 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.66 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 155.67 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
149 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS (Base Slab trench) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB 350MM THK

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Base Pressure

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Max Dispacement

Maximum settlement values for the


base slab= 4 mm < maximum
allowable of 12 mm settlement.

Node 1315

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Say 25 kN.m

Say 60 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

505 x 0.35 = 177 kN/m Average of two Plates See Contour


324 x 0.35 = 114 ~ 120 kN/m

My = 77 + 16 = 93 ~ 100 kN.m
Mx = 20 + 14 = 34 ~ 50 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

156 of 319
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 60.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 2860 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 350 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 16 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 16 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 16 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 292 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1340 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.766% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 1340 mm²

157 of 319
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1340 mm² 1197 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.180 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.090 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.96 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 1001000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 6420 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 311.84 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.81 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 88 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 173.306 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 87 mm 145 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 87209 mm² 145000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0154 0.0092 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = 0.0004 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0005

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 290 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 347 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.180 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Grade Slab 350mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.98 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 350 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 175000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1197 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 22 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 71 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 1009 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Grade Slab 350mm thick (My) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 311.84
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.77 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 758 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 119 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.090 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm Thick My Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 16 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 16 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 350mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 2.86m for
ULS design moment M ED = 100kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 120kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
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Slab 350 thk ULS (Grade Slab) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm Thick My Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 292mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 716 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.023 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 824sq-mm Section 9
= 618sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 350000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 14000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1340sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.83 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0046 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.61 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 181.99 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
162 of 319
Slab 350 thk ULS (Grade Slab) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 25.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 2860 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 350 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 16 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 16 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 16 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 276 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1340 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.766% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 1340 mm²

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1340 mm² 1197 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.080 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.104 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.96 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 1001000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 6420 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 311.84 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.81 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 88 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 76.712 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 87 mm 175 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 87209 mm² 175000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0154 0.0077 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 370 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 347 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.080 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.98 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 350 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 175000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1197 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 22 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 71 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 1182 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm thick (Mx) Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 311.84
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.77 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 880 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 119 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.104 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

166 of 319
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BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm Thick Mx Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 16 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 16 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 350mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 2.86m for
ULS design moment M ED = 50kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 177kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
167 of 319
Slab 350 thk ULS (Grade Slab) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Grade Slab 350mm Thick Mx Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 276mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 640 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.013 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 438sq-mm Section 9
= 584sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 350000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 14000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1340sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.85 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0049 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.62 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 177.55 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
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Slab 350 thk ULS (Grade Slab) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
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Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF LONG WALL 525MM TO 425MM THK (W1)

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DESIGN OF LONG WALL 525MM THK

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Say 60 kN.m

138 x 0.525 = 73 ~ 100 kN/m

Say 50 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 64 + 17 = 81 ~ 100 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 139 x 0.525 = 73 ~ 90 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 50 x 0.525 = 26 ~ 40 kN/m ( Half Tension 20 kN/m)

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy = 42 + 6 = 48 ~ 60 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 156 x 0.525 = 82 ~ 100 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 196 x 0.525 = 103 ~ 150 kN/m ( Half Tension 75 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Long wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 60.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 525 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 20 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 445 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2094 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.798% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2094 mm²

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2094 mm² 1635 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.083 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.055 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.118 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.93 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 787500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 4050 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 388.89 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 12.0 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.66 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 134 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 72.670 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 130 mm 200 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 130350 mm² 200000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0161 0.0105 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 400 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 382 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.083 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Long wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.89 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 525 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 262500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1635 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 31 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 98 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 49.79 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 1095 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.055 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 388.89
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.97 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 148.62 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 819 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 144 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.118 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -20kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 525mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 100kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 90kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
179 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 525mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 445mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1663 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.010 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 594sq-mm Section 9
= 942sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 525000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 21000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2094sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.67 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0047 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.08 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.53 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 250.53 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
180 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 525mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 50.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -100 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 525 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 20 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 465 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2094 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.798% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2094 mm²

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2094 mm² 1635 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.098 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.043 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.095 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.93 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 787500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 4050 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 388.89 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 12.0 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.66 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 92 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 80.905 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 144 mm 150 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 144207 mm² 150000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0145 0.0140 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 300 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 404 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.098 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.89 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 525 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.190476 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 262500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1635 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 31 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 98 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 49.79 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 864 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.043 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 388.89
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.97 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 148.62 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 657 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 144 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.095 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -75kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 525mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 60kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
185 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 525mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 465mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1816 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.006 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 497sq-mm Section 9
= 985sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 525000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 21000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2094sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.66 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0045 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.29 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.53 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 240.99 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
186 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 525mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF LONG WALL 425MM THK

187 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Say 25 kN.m

Say 30 kN.m

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment

Horizontal Moment

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BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 25 + 7 = 32 ~ 45 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 105 x 0.425 = 45 ~ 55 kN
No Tension in Vertical Direction

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy = 20 + 8 = 28 ~ 40 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 140 x 0.425 = 60 ~ 70 kN
No Tension in Horizontal Direction

190 of 319
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment

Horizontal Moment

191 of 319
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 30.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 20 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 345 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2094 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.986% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2094 mm²

192 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2094 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.048 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.104 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 116 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 47.794 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 103 mm 200 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 102908 mm² 200000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0204 0.0105 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0001

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 400 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 337 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.048 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

193 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 1095 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

194 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 819 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.104 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

195 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 45kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 55kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
196 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 425mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 345mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1000 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.008 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 322sq-mm Section 9
= 730sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2094sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.76 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0061 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.58 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 227.47 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
197 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 425mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 25.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 150
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 150
Compression reinforcement diameter= 20 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 150
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 365 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2094 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.986% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2094 mm²

198 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2094 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.038 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.084 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 116 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 37.135 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 103 mm 150 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 102908 mm² 150000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0204 0.0140 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0002 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0001

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 150 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 300 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 337 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.038 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

199 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 864 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

200 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 657 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.084 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 150mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 40kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 70kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
202 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 425mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Long wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 365mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1119 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.006 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 274sq-mm Section 9
= 773sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2094sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.74 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0057 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.57 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 233.34 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/20/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
203 of 319
ULS ( Long wall 425mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF TRENCH WALL 300MM THK (W2)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Tension = 16 x 0.3 = 5 ~ 15 kN Say 15 kN.m

Averaging Moment with Adjoining


Plate (49 + 29)/2 = 39 kN.m

Tension = 89 x 0.3 = 27 ~ 40 kN

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

29 kN.m

49 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 67 + 4 = 71 ~ 80 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 294 x 0.3 = 89 ~100 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 122 x 0.3 = 37 ~ 50 kN/m ( Half Tension 25 kN/m)

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy = 9 + 14 = 23 ~ 30 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 178 x 0.3 = 54 ~ 70 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 22 x 0.3 = 7 ~ 20 kN/m ( Half Tension 10 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 39.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -40 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 300 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 12 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 12 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 232 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1131 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.754% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

209 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1131 mm² 1053 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.173 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.080 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.99 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 450000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3600 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 250.00 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.8 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.95 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 70 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 187.227 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 77 mm 150 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 76517 mm² 150000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0148 0.0075 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = 0.0004 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0006

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 340 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 308 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.173 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 1.00 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 300 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.133333 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 150000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1053 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 20 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 66 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 941 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 250.00
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.99 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 150.61 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 711 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 113 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.080 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

212 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -25kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 12 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 12 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 300mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 80kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
213 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS ( trench wall 300mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 232mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 452 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.030 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 889sq-mm Section 9
= 491sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 300000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 12000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1131sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.93 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0049 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.17 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.66 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 149.87 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
214 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS ( trench wall 300mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 15.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -15 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 19000 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 300 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 12 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 12 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 244 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 1131 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.754% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

215 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 1131 mm² 1053 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.063 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.076 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.97 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 5700000 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 38600 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 295.34 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.85 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 70 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 68.306 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 77 mm 140 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 76503 mm² 140000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0148 0.0081 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0002 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 280 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 308 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.063 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 1.00 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 300 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.05 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 150000 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1053 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 20 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 66 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 890 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 295.34
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 150.00 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 675 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 113 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.076 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
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Trench wall 300mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -10kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 12 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 12 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 300mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 30kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 70kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
219 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS ( trench wall 300mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Trench wall 300mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 244mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 500 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.010 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 323sq-mm Section 9
= 517sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 300000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 12000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 1131sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.91 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0046 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.07 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.65 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 156.62 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
220 of 319
Slab 300 thk ULS ( trench wall 300mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF SHORT WALL 525 to 425MM THK (W3)

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DESIGN OF SHORT WALL 525MM THK

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Say 20 kN.m

344 x 0.525 = 181 ~ 200 kN/m

Say 30 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 16 + 16 = 32 ~ 55 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 156 x 0.525 = 82 ~ 100 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 26 x 0.525 = 14 ~ 30 kN/m ( Half Tension 15 kN/m)

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy= 37 + 5 = 42 ~ 60 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 134 x 0.525 = 71 ~ 100 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 522 x 0.525 = 274 ~ 300 kN/m ( Half Tension 150 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 20.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 525 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 445 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 3142 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 1.197% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

227 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 3142 mm² 1635 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.015 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.039 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.087 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.93 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 787500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 4050 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 388.89 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 12.0 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.66 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 165 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 16.399 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 120 mm 200 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 120100 mm² 200000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0262 0.0157 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0002 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0000

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 400 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 300 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.015 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Short wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.89 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 525 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 262500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1635 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 31 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 98 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 49.79 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 787 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.039 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 388.89
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.97 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 148.62 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 603 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 144 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.087 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -15kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 525mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 55kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
231 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 525mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 445mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1663 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.006 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 346sq-mm Section 9
= 942sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 525000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 21000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 3142sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.67 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0071 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.06 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.53 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 288.79 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
232 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 525mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 30.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -200 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 525 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 10 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 465 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 3142 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 1.197% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 785 mm²

233 of 319
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 3142 mm² 1635 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.071 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.031 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.071 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.93 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 787500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 4050 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 388.89 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 12.0 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.66 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 0 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 55.409 MPa Tension Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 150 mm 150 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 150000 mm² 150000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0209 0.0209 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.80 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 300 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 429 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.071 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.89 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 525 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.380952 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 262500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1635 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 31 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 98 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 49.79 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 633 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.031 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 388.89
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.97 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 148.62 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 495 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 144 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.071 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -150kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 525mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 60kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
237 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 525mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 525mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 465mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1816 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.006 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 670sq-mm Section 9
= 985sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 525000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 21000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 3142sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.66 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0068 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.57 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.53 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 258.82 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
238 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 525mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF SHORT WALL 425MM THK

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

815 x 0.425 = 346 ~ 350 kN/m Say 20 kN.m

Say 30 kN.m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 27 + 8 = 35 ~ 40 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 175 x 0.425 = 75 ~ 100 kN
No Tension in Vertical Direction

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy = 31 + 9 = 40 ~ 50 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 226 x 0.425 = 97 ~ 120 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 1117 x 0.425 = 475 ~ 500 kN/m ( Half Tension 250 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 30.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 20 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 20 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 20 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 345 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 3142 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 1.478% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 3142 mm²

244 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 3142 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.027 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.077 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 131 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 32.630 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 98 mm 200 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 97988 mm² 200000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0321 0.0157 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0001

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 400 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 276 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.027 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 787 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 603 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.077 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = 0kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 20 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 20 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 40kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
248 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 425mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 345mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1000 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.007 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 288sq-mm Section 9
= 730sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 3142sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.76 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0091 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = 0.00 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.58 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 260.39 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
249 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 425mm thick) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 20.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -350 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 16 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 16 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 16 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 367 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2011 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.946% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2011 mm²

250 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2011 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.161 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.072 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 0 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 119.229 MPa Tension Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 142 mm 145 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 141667 mm² 145000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0142 0.0139 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = 0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0004

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.73 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 290 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 450 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.161 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.823529 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 729 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 562 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.072 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -250kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 16 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 16 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 50kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 120kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
254 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 425mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 367mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1131 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.007 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 912sq-mm Section 9
= 777sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2011sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.74 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0055 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -1.18 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.57 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 166.00 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
255 of 319
ULS ( Short wall 425mm thick) Mx EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner: Bristol Water Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No.: 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project Name: Purton Power Generator Reviewed by : NVN
Unit Name: SUBSTATION BUILDING Revision : R0

DESIGN OF SHORT WALL 425MM THK RESTING ON GRADE SLAB (W3)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Say 20 kN.m Say 40 kN.m

640 x 0.425 = 272 ~ 300 kN/m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My +Mxy = 20 + 10 = 30 ~ 50 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 164 x 0.425 = 71 ~ 100 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 299 x 0.425 = 127 ~ 150 kN/m ( Half Tension 75 kN/m)

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx = 20 + 3 = 23 ~ 50 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 79 x 0.425 = 34 ~ 50 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 876 x 0.425 = 373 ~ 400 kN/m ( Half Tension 200 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 40.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = 0 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 16 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 16 mm Design Layer 2
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 16 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 351 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2011 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.946% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2011 mm²

261 of 319
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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2011 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.060 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.085 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 115 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 64.895 MPa Moment Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 103 mm 185 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 103400 mm² 185000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0194 0.0109 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = -0.0001 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0002

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.50 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 370 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 310 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.060 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
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Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = 0 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 883 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Vertical Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 671 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.085 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

264 of 319
2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Vetrical Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -75kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 16 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 16 Design Layer Layer 2
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 50kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 100kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
265 of 319
ULS (425mm thick on Grade) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & VEATCH CONSULTING LTD

BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed :by VRN


VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Vetrical Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 351mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1035 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.008 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 523sq-mm Section 9
= 743sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2011sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.75 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0057 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.35 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.58 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 207.57 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
266 of 319
ULS (425mm thick on Grade) My EN-011 Form BVCs 211 (subs)
BLACK & Owner : BRISTOL WATERS Computed by : VRN
VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by : NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATORS Reviewd by :
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 20.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -300 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(3) = 30 kN/mm² tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (28)= 5.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e (3)= 6.7 cl 7.3.4(2): EN 1992-1-1
Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (28)= 3.51 MPa fctm=0.3fck2/3 (fck<=50)

β cc (3)= 0.60 eq. 3.2: EN 1992-1-1


Mean value of axial tensile strength
f ctm (3)= 2.10 MPa eq. 3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Coefficient based on cement type = 0.25 0.2-ClassR, 0.25-ClassN, 0.38Class S
Geometry and Steel cl3.1.2(6): EN 1992-1-1
External- Edge Restrain External- End Restrain 1 Internal Restrain
Breadth, considereed for design, b= 1000 mm 1000mm for slabs/walls
Breadth, actual, b1= 1500 mm FALSE
Overall Depth h= 425 mm Alternate Bars
Design reinforcement diameter= 16 mm
Spacing of Design bars Sm= 100
Diameter of cross reinforcement= 16 mm Design Layer 1
Spacing of Bars Sm= 100
Compression reinforcement diameter= 16 mm Design rebar layer 2
spacing of Compresion bars= 100
Nominal Cover c= 50 mm
Effective depth d= 367 mm
Area of tension steel provided A sprov = 2011 mm² Design rebar layer 1
Percentage of steel in tension zone ρ = 0.946% eq 3.16:C660
Area of comp steel provided A scprov = 2011 mm²

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Provided/obtained Limiting Result
Minimum steel 2011 mm² 1398 mm² OK
Flexural crackwidth 0.140 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth short term 0.000 mm 0.2 mm OK
Thermal Crackwidth Long term 0.072 mm 0.2 mm OK

MAXIMUM CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION (FLEXURAL)


Calculation for Ec,eff
Creep coefficient ϕ = 1.95 Figure 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Area of Concrete A c = 637500 mm² Ac=b1*h
Perimeter ofconcrete u= 3850 mm u= 2*b1+2*h
Notional size h o = 331.17 mm ho=2Ac/u.Eq 3.10:EN 1992-1-1
E c,eff = 11.9 kN/mm² eq 7.20: EN 1992-1-1
Modular ratio α e,eff = 16.77 eq7.4.3(6): EN 1992-1-1

Stress in steel σs
Depth of neutral axis x= 0 mm
Tensile stress in steel σs= 106.795 MPa Tension Critical

Calculation for εsm-εcm Flexure Thermal


kt= 0.4 kt=0.4-long term, 0.6-short term
h c,eff = 142 mm 145 mm cl3.4:C660,cl7.3.2:EN 1992-1-1

Effective tension area around steel A c,eff = 141667 mm² 145000 mm² cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
ρ p,eff = 0.0142 0.0139 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
ε sm - ε cm = 0.0000 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
0.6 σs/Es= 0.0003

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max


k1= 0.8 cl7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
k2= 0.70 cl 7.3.4: EN 1992-1-1
Reinforcement spacing= 100 mm
5*(c+ φ /2)= 290 mm
Maximum crack spacing s r,max = 438 mm eq 7.11, 7.12: EN 1992-1-1

Calculate maximum crack width


wk= 0.140 mm Hydrostatic Head 0
< maximum allowable width 0.2 hp(m) cl 7.3.1: EN 1992-3
OK

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Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA

Calculation for Minimum Reinforcement


Coefficient for non uniform self
equilibriating stresses k = 0.94 Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
h*= 425 mm cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
k1= 0.7 cl 7.3.2: EN 1992-1-1
Mean stress inconcrete σ c = -0.705882 MPa eq 7.4: EN 1992-1-1
worst of kc,ea, kc,lt and eq 7.2: EN
Coefficient for stress distribution k c = 1.000 1992-1-1
Area of concrete in tension zone A ct = 212500 mm² Refer Tbl 3.1 C660
Minimum Area of Steel A s,min = 1398 mm² eq 3.11: C660
< Asprvo,
HenceOK

THERMAL CRACKING - EARLY AGE (CIRIA C660)


Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca
Ultimate Autogenous
shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (3)= 0.29 eq 4.3:C660
Autogenous shringkage at 3
days ε ca ( 3 )= 21.96 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for Earlyage restrained strain εr


Temperature drop T1= 25 °C Tbl 4.2, fig 4.5,4.6,4.7 : C660
Coefficient of Thermal expansion α c = 9 µε/°C Sec 4.5:C660
Restrain R = 0.5 tbl 4.10, fig 4.15:C660
creep coefficient, K 1 = 0.65 sec 4.9.1:C660
Early age restrained strain, ε r= 80 µε eq 3.2:C660

Calculation for crack width


Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 96.05 µε tbl 4.11:C660
k 1 (earlyage)= 1.14 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,ea = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Early age crack inducing strain, ε cr = 0.00 µε eq 3.5:C660
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 729 mm eq 3.13:C660
Early age crack width w k,earlyage = 0.000 mm eq 3.14: C660
75a <0.2 Hence,OK

THERMAL CRACKING - LONG TERM (CIRIA C660)

Calculation for autogenous shrinkage εca

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Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
BASIC DATA
Ultimate Autogenous shringkage ε ca ( ∞ )= 75 µε eq 4.1:C660
Function for time dependent Autogenous
shrinkage β as (28)= 0.65 eq 4.3:C660
days ε ca ( 28 )= 48.97 µε eq 4.2:C660

Calculation for drying shrinkage εcd


Ambient Relative humidityRH= 85 %
kh= 0.81 fig A3.2 :C660
ho= 331.17
α ds1 = 4 6-ClassR, 4-ClassN, 3Class S

α ds2 = 0.12 0.11-ClassR, 0.12-ClassN, 0.13Class S

β rh = 0.60 eq A3.2:C660
ε cd ,0= 188.62 µε eq A3.1:C660
β ds (30yr,3days)= 0.98 eq A3.5:C660, at 30 yrs
ε cd ,(30yrs)= 149.49 µε eq A3.4:C660

Calculation for total crack inducing strain εcr


Long Term Temperature ChangeT2= 20 °C 20 for summer cast, 10 for winter cast
Restrain for early thermal strain R1= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for long term shrinkage R2= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Restrain for drying shrinkage R3= 0.5 tb 4.10, C660
Tensile strain capacity, ε ctu= 137.8600 tb 4.11, C660
k 1 (longterm)= 0.8 Sec 4.13:C660
Coefficient for stress distribution k c,lt = 1 Direct tension for thermal stresses
Maximum Crack Spacing S r,max = 562 mm eq 3.13:C660
ε ,cr = 127 µε eq 3.6: C660
Long Term crack width w k,longterm = 0.072 mm
<0.2 Hence,OK

Stage Wise Loading

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Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
Document Number- 2497- 5000-02(Euro)- RC-004 Revision 00
All (cl, eq, section and table) refrences are made to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 unless mentioned otherwise
Title of calculation: Design of reinforced slab/wall as per Eurocode BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (UK)

DATA: Use fields in blue letters only for data entry Persistent & TransientLoading Case
Concrete grade f ck = 50 N/ sq. mm Slab Horizontal Steel
Main reinforcement grade f yk = 500 N/ sq. mm
Axial Force N ED = -200kN (Isert half tension)
Partial safety factor for concrete γ c = 1.50 cl 2.4.2.4 for γs,γc
Partial safety factor for steel γ s = 1.15
α cc = 0.85 cl 3.1.6
Nominal cover to tension steel c nom = 50mm Section 4
Rebar diameter at tension face φ = H 16 single layer
Rebar Spacing on Tension Face = 100mm (should be checked against 9.3.1.1)
Diameter of cross reinforcement = H 16 Design Layer Layer 1
Overall depth of section h = 425mm Section 4
Width of section b = 1000mm
Effective span of slab l = 1.5m for
ULS design moment M ED = 50kNm
ULS design shear force V ED = 50kN

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
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VEATCH Project No. : 122843 Checked by: NVN
Project name : PURTON POWER GENERATOR Reviewd by:
Unit Name : SubStation Building Page :
Short wall 425mm thick on Grade Horizontal Revision : R0
CALCULATIONS:

a) Longitudinal Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 3)


Design yield strength of reinforcement f yd = 435 N/ sq. mm fyd=fyk/γs
2/3
Mean value of axial tensile strength f ctm = 4.1 N/ sq. mm fctm=0.3fck (fck<=50)
Effective depth of section d = 367mm d = h-cnom-φlink-φ/2
Moment resistance due to concrete, M Rd,c 1131 kNm MRd,c=0.168*b*d2*fck/1000

2
K= 0.007 K=MED/(bd fck)

Med<=Mrdc', No compression reinforcement required


As=bdfck(0.633-√(0.4-1.46K))/fyk
Area of tension reinforcement As = 797sq-mm Section 9
= 777sq-mm Asmin=0.26fctmbd/fyk
Areareinforcement
Area of maximum of concrete section A cbe
that can = 425000sq-mm Ac=bh
provided A smax = 17000sq-mm Asmax=0.04Ac

Area of tension reinforcement provided A sprov = 2011sq-mm Asmin,As<=Asprov<=Asmax OK


b) Shear Reinforcement (BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 -section 6)
Coefficient C rd,c = 0.12 Crd,c = 0.18/γc (cl 6.2.2)
K, sh = 1.74 MIN(1+√(200/d),2)
ρ1= 0.0055 tension reinforcement till ends
(As/(b*d))<=0.02
σ cp = -0.94 Considering no compression
K1= 0.15 eq 6.2b
v min = 0.57 Mpa eq 6.2b
Shear capacity w/o shear reinforcement V Rd,c = 178.95 kN eq 6.2a
VRdc>VED,Hence Shear reinforcement will not be required

For SLS Checks Refer (2497-5000-02(EURO)-RC-002)

2/03 (xls) Date printed: 5/21/2019 Total no. of pages in Excel file: 2
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DESIGN OF SHORT WALL 525MM THK (W4)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

As the Tension is high Averaging the Say 40 kN.m


tension force with Adjacent Plate See Say 20 kN.m
Contour
498 x 0.525 = 262 ~ 280 kN/m
(1932 + 0)/2 x 0.525 = 508 ~ 550 kN/m

Compression Force of -1 kN/m

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Moment Diagram & Summary for SLS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

1932 kN/m2

0 kN/m2
As this plate is
in compression

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

ULS Design Parameters My Vertical


Design Moment = My + Mxy = 17 + 12 = 29 ~ 50 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 63 x 0.525 = 34 ~ 50 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 697 x 0.525 = 366 ~ 400 kN/m ( Half Tension 200 kN/m)

ULS Design Parameters Mx Horizontal


Design Moment = Mx + Mxy = 63 + 6 = 69 ~ 90 kN.m
Design Shear = Absolute Shear x Thickness = 184 x 0.525 = 97 ~ 125 kN
Design Tension = Tension x Thickness = 2701 x 0.525 = 1418 ~ 1450 kN/m ( Half Tension 725 kN/m)

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Moment Diagram & Summary for ULS Cases

Vertical Moment Horizontal Moment

Tension Due to Vertical Force Tension Due to Horizontal Force

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BASIC DATA "2497-5000-02-Euro-RC- 002 Rev. 00"
Actions All boldface cells are manual entry
SLS Moment Ms= 20.0 kN-m Structure Type Wall/Slab
Tensile /compressive (Axial) force N ed = -280 kN Compression positive
Material Properties Water Tightness class 1
Modulus of elasticity of steel E s = 200 kN/mm² cl 3.2.7 (4): EN 1992-1-1
Strength classs of concrete= C40/50
Characteristic strength of concretefck= 40 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(28)= 48 MPa tb 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
meanstrength of concrete fcm(3)= 29 MPa eq 3.1: EN 1992-1-1
Characteristic strength of steel fyk= 500 MPa cl 3.2.2(3): EN 1992-1-1
Class of cement= Class N
modulus of elasticity conc E, cm(28) = 35 kN/mm² tb