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Chemistry Summative Study Guide

Classifying Matter:
Define the following terms:
Matter Compound
Atom Molecule
Element Mixture
Chemistry

Answer the following review questions:

1. What is an element? Give one example. How many types of atoms is it made up of?

2. Explain the difference between compounds and molecules.

3. Name 3 things that are matter and 3 things that are not.

4. Draw a diagram of atoms in an element, molecule, compound, and mixture.

Physical Properties, Measurement, Mass, and Density:


Define the following terms:
Mass
Volume
Density

Answer the following review questions:


1. What is the formula for density?

2. What is the density of water?

3. What do you know about an object’s density if it floats in water?

4. What are you measuring if you measure the amount of space an object takes up?
Put the following steps IN ORDER to demonstrate your understanding of how to find the volume of an
irregular object.
5. _____ a. Fill graduated cylinder with water and record initial volume in mL
6. _____ b. Subtract initial volume from the volume of the object + water
7. _____ c. Place object in graduated cylinder
8. _____ d. Record only the volume of the object in milliliters
9. _____ e. Record volume of object + water in milliliters

10. Why does an air bubble rise to the surface of a glass of water?

11. What is the method used to find the volume of an irregular object?

12. Find the density of a liquid whose mass is 32 g and volume is 8 mL.
Answer: ______________ g/mL
Physical Properties of Matter:
Define the following terms:
Physical Change Gas
Physical Property Plasma
Solid Sublimation
Liquid

Answer the following review questions:

1. What are the characteristics of the three familiar states of matter? Give an example of each.

2. Describe how a physical property can change without changing the substance.

3. Give 5 examples of physical properties.

4. Draw the molecules of a solid, liquid, and gas.

5. Give an example of a compound that goes through sublimation.

Physical and Chemical Changes, Mixtures, and Solubility:


Define the following terms:
Heterogeneous Mixture Solute Endothermic
Homogeneous Mixture Solvent Exothermic
Solution Insoluble Precipitate
Solubility Chemical Change

Answer the following review questions:

1. Give 3 examples of a homogeneous mixture.

2. Give 3 examples of a heterogeneous mixture

3. What is the most common and most important solvent? (Also known as the “universal” solvent)

4. Which is the solute and which is the solvent?

Example: Sugar and water Example: Jello mixture and water

 The ____________ is the solute.  The _________ is the solute.


 The _________ is the solvent.  The _________ is the solvent

5. Circle the chemical changes, and underline the physical changes below:

Iron Rusting Rubbing alcohol evaporating


Formation of clouds Breaking a stick
A bomb exploding Lighting a match
A firefly glowing Sugar Dissolving
Sanding a piece of wood Bread producing mold
6. What are six signs that a chemical change has occurred? List and give an example of each.
Acids, Bases, and pH:

Define the following terms:


Acid Neutral
Base pH Scale

Answer the following review questions:

7. Fill in the table for acids and bases below:

Property Acids Bases

Taste

Sensation

Ions Produced

Reacts With

Examples

8. How would you neutralize an acid?

Periodic Table and Atomic Theory:


Define the following terms:

Periodic Table Reactivity Electron


Family Atomic Number Atomic Theory
Group Proton
Period Neutron

Answer the following review questions:

1. What do the periods represent?

2. What do the groups represent?

3. What does the atomic number tell you about an atom of an element?

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