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Question 1

1 out of 1 points
The lowest value of a stimulus that can be detected is called the
Selected Answer:
Correct absolute threshold.
Correct Answer:
Correct absolute threshold.
Question 2
0 out of 1 points
An important principle of signal detection theory is that detection of any stimulus
requires that we discriminate between ___________ and __________.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect noise; silence
Correct Answer:
Correct signal; noise
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Raisa has an inner-ear infection. This infection will likely disrupt Raisa's
Selected Answer:
Correct audition.
Correct Answer:
Correct audition.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
The sense of smell is sometimes referred to as
Selected Answer:
Correct olfaction.
Correct Answer:
Correct olfaction.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
According to the opponent process theory of color vision, if light stimulates a red
photoreceptor, then the ___________ ganglion cells will ____________ their rate of
firing.
Selected Answer:
Correct red/green; increase
Correct Answer:
Correct red/green; increase
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Linus is experiencing difficulty with his peripheral vision. Damage to which of the
following photoreceptors may account for these difficulties?
Selected Answer:
Correct rods
Correct Answer:
Correct rods
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
The human eye contains three types of photopigments, each of which absorb a
particular wavelength. The wavelengths correspond to the hues of
Selected Answer:
Correct blue, green, and red.
Correct Answer:
Correct blue, green, and red.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
The hair cells that actually transduce sound waves to electrochemical energy are
located:
Selected Answer:
Correct on the basilar membrane.
Correct Answer:
Correct on the basilar membrane.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
High frequency sounds and low frequency sounds cause different locations on the
basilar membrane to vibrate. This principle is best supported by the
Selected Answer:
Correct place theory.
Correct Answer:
Correct place theory.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
High frequency sounds result in more rapid neural firing and low frequency sounds
result in slower neural firing. This principle is best supported by the
Selected Answer:
Correct frequency theory.
Correct Answer:
Correct frequency theory.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
In a visual-sensation experiment, Bob was exposed to various wavelengths of light.
Assuming that he had normal human visual function, which of the following
wavelengths could Bob detect?
Selected Answer:
Correct 600 nm
Correct Answer:
Correct 600 nm
Question 2
0 out of 1 points
Which of the following is the correct sequence of the structures through which
light passes as it enters the eye?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect pupil, lens, cornea
Correct Answer:
Correct cornea, pupil, lens
Question 3
0 out of 1 points
You are the light director for an upcoming play at your college. On opening night,
the white spotlight that is usually used breaks. Assuming there is no replacement
white bulb, how could you engineer a white spotlight?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect mix blue, green, and yellow lights
Correct Answer:
Correct mix red, green, and blue lights
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Olfaction is one s sense of
Selected Answer:
Correct smell.
Correct Answer:
Correct smell.
Question 5
0 out of 1 points
The middle-back of the tongue is particularly sensitive to __________ tastes.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect sweet
Correct Answer:
Correct bitter
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
Charles is a sonar operator on a nuclear submarine. In a simulated training
mission, Charles failed to detect an enemy torpedo fired at his ship. According to
signal-detection theory, Charles s response is a
Selected Answer:
Incorrect hit
Correct Answer:
Correct miss
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Difference threshold is to _____________ as absolute threshold is to
______________.
Selected Answer:
Correct discrimination; detection
Correct Answer:
Correct discrimination; detection
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Damage to the portion of the basilar membrane closest to the oval window would
cause
Selected Answer:
Correct the inability to hear high-pitched sounds.
Correct Answer:
Correct the inability to hear high-pitched sounds.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Data from rock and roll musicians show that
Selected Answer:
Correct playing loud music can cause permanent hearing loss.
Correct Answer:
Correct playing loud music can cause permanent hearing loss.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is the correct sequence of the structures through which
sound waves pass as they enter the ear?
Selected Answer:
Correct auditory canal, eardrum, oval window, cochlea
Correct Answer:
Correct auditory canal, eardrum, oval window, cochlea
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is NOT a quality of taste?
Selected Answer:
Correct richness
Correct Answer:
Correct richness
Question 2
0 out of 1 points
Lindsey is a candy bar taster for a large chocolate manufacturer located in
Pennsylvania. Her job is to taste candy bars for their sweetness.

On what portion of her tongue is she most likely to place small pieces of candy
bars?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect the middle
Correct Answer:
Correct the tip
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is the correct sequence of the structures through which
sound waves pass as they enter the ear?
Selected Answer:
Correct auditory canal, eardrum, oval window, cochlea
Correct Answer:
Correct auditory canal, eardrum, oval window, cochlea
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Damage to the portion of the basilar membrane closest to the oval window would
cause
Selected Answer:
Correct the inability to hear high-pitched sounds.
Correct Answer:
Correct the inability to hear high-pitched sounds.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Data from rock and roll musicians show that
Selected Answer:
Correct playing loud music can cause permanent hearing loss.
Correct Answer:
Correct playing loud music can cause permanent hearing loss.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
According to the opponent process theory of color vision, if light stimulates a red
photoreceptor, then the ___________ ganglion cells will ____________ their rate of
firing.
Selected Answer:
Correct red/green; increase
Correct Answer:
Correct red/green; increase
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
You are the light director for an upcoming play at your college. On opening night,
the white spotlight that is usually used breaks. Assuming there is no replacement
white bulb, how could you engineer a white spotlight?
Selected Answer:
Correct mix red, green, and blue lights
Correct Answer:
Correct mix red, green, and blue lights
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect The retina contains more rods than cones.
Correct Answer:
Correct Cones are more useful than rods for seeing in dimly lit settings.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The detection of the elementary properties of a stimulus is called
Selected Answer:
Correct sensation.
Correct Answer:
Correct sensation.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Charles is a sonar operator on a nuclear submarine. In a simulated training
mission, Charles failed to detect an enemy torpedo fired at his ship. According to
signal-detection theory, Charles s response is a
Selected Answer:
Correct miss
Correct Answer:
Correct miss
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Damage to the primary visual cortex, such as a stroke, would result in blind spots
in the visual field. The primary visual cortex is located in the __________ lobe.
Selected Answer:
Correct occipital
Correct Answer:
Correct occipital
Question 2
0 out of 1 points
Bo and Rhonda are at the symphony listening to a Mozart sonata. Both hear the same
notes and instruments being played, but Bo interprets the piece differently than
Rhonda. The fact that both Bo and Rhonda hear the same sounds illustrates
Selected Answer:
Incorrect perception.
Correct Answer:
Correct sensation.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The optic nerves send visual information to the __________, which, in turn, sends
it to the ___________.
Selected Answer:
Correct thalamus; primary visual cortex
Correct Answer:
Correct thalamus; primary visual cortex
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
What are visual illusions?
Selected Answer:
Correct physical stimuli that consistently produce errors in perception.
Correct Answer:
Correct physical stimuli that consistently produce errors in perception.
Question 5
0 out of 1 points
The Gestalt law of good continuation states that
Selected Answer:
Incorrect our eyes tend to follow the most similar elements in a figure.
Correct Answer:
Correct a figure will continue in the simplest or most predictable direction.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
What we perceive can be classified into two broad categories:
Selected Answer:
Correct figure and ground.
Correct Answer:
Correct figure and ground.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
The Gestalt rule of perception in which we tend to perceive smoothly flowing forms
rather than disrupted ones is the principle of
Selected Answer:
Correct good continuation.
Correct Answer:
Correct good continuation.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
__________ is the binocular cue to depth that we use to perceive the distance of
objects located within an arm's length of us.
Selected Answer:
Correct Convergence
Correct Answer:
Correct Convergence
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
As I look out my window, distant objects appear less distinct than nearby objects.

This example describes the monocular cue of


Selected Answer:
Correct haze.
Correct Answer:
Correct haze.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following animals CAN NOT use binocular cues to depth perception?
Selected Answer:
Correct rabbits
Correct Answer:
Correct rabbits
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
According to the Gestalt law of common fate,
Selected Answer:
Correct elements moving in the same direction will be perceived as belonging
together.
Correct Answer:
Correct elements moving in the same direction will be perceived as belonging
together.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
From a distance a "C " may appear to be an "O". This is an example of which Gestalt
law?
Selected Answer:
Correct closure
Correct Answer:
Correct closure
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Suppose that you are lying on your back in the middle of a big grassy field
watching a flock of geese fly overhead against a backdrop of big fluffy clouds.

In this scene, psychologists would consider the __________ to be the "ground."


Selected Answer:
Correct clouds
Correct Answer:
Correct clouds
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
The illusion created in the artwork entitled "Vanity" can best be explained by
which perceptual rule?
Selected Answer:
Correct figure-ground
Correct Answer:
Correct figure-ground
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
As I look down the road, the white lines that mark its exterior boundaries seem to
converge in the distance. As the lines appear to become closer to each other, they
look farther away.

The cue to depth that I an describing is called


Selected Answer:
Correct linear perspective.
Correct Answer:
Correct linear perspective.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
If you were to lose one of your eyes, you would lose your
Selected Answer:
Correct binocular depth cues.
Correct Answer:
Correct binocular depth cues.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
From a distance, a rocky beach does not appear all that rocky. Instead, it appears
smooth and all of the rocks appear to blend in with each other. However, as we get
closer and closer to the beach, we can see that the beach is made up of many
individual rocks, each with distinct shapes and sizes.

The cue to depth that is described in this example is called


Selected Answer:
Correct texture.
Correct Answer:
Correct texture.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
People with __________ would have much difficulty in recognizing other people's
faces, including the faces of friends and relatives.
Selected Answer:
Correct visual agnosia
Correct Answer:
Correct visual agnosia
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The processes by which we recognize, organize, and make sense of our sensations is
Selected Answer:
Correct perception
Correct Answer:
Correct perception
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Douglas and Sonny are at the museum studying the Mona Lisa. Although they both see
the same stimulus, Douglas believes the Mona Lisa is unhappy, whereas Sonny
believes she is fulfilled. Their differing interpretations of the Mona Lisa provide
an example of
Selected Answer:
Correct perception.
Correct Answer:
Correct perception.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
The process by which sensory input is converted into a form that can be useful to
the brain's memory system is called
Selected Answer:
Correct encoding.
Correct Answer:
Correct encoding.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Thelma studies for her psychology test by relating the information in her text to
events in her life that illustrate the relevant concepts. Thelma is using
Selected Answer:
Correct elaborative rehearsal.
Correct Answer:
Correct elaborative rehearsal.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The recency effect occurs because the words in the last part of the list of words
that we are trying to memorize
Selected Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Question 4
0 out of 1 points
Suppose that you have been given a short list of words to memorize. After you have
read through the list once, you discover that you remember the last four words on
the list perfectly.

This result is an example of the ____________ effect.


Selected Answer:
Incorrect Peterson
Correct Answer:
Correct recency
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Short-term memory
Selected Answer:
Correct is where information is rehearsed before being encoded in long-term-memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct is where information is rehearsed before being encoded in long-term-memory.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
The digit span test is a good test of _______ memory capacity.
Selected Answer:
Correct short-term
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term
Question 7
0 out of 1 points
The consolidation hypothesis of memory asserts that
Selected Answer:
Incorrect the transfer of information from short-term to long-term memory requires
displacement.
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term and long-term memory are physiologically different.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
As she was driving to work, Margie was in a terrible auto accident. When she woke
up in the hospital, she could not remember anything about the accident or what had
happened to her just before that time.

This is an example of what happens to people who have __________ amnesia.


Selected Answer:
Correct retrograde
Correct Answer:
Correct retrograde
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Retrograde amnesia is a
Selected Answer:
Correct lack of memory for events that occurred just before an injury.
Correct Answer:
Correct lack of memory for events that occurred just before an injury.
Question 10
0 out of 1 points
Iconic memory is to __________; as echoic memory is to _________.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect sensory memory; short-term memory
Correct Answer:
Correct seeing; hearing
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Consolidation is the transfer of information from __________ memory to __________
memory.
Selected Answer:
Correct short-term; long-term
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term; long-term
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
As she was driving to work, Margie was in a terrible auto accident. When she woke
up in the hospital, she could not remember anything about the accident or what had
happened to her just before that time.

This is an example of what happens to people who have __________ amnesia.


Selected Answer:
Correct retrograde
Correct Answer:
Correct retrograde
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The consolidation hypothesis of memory asserts that
Selected Answer:
Correct short-term and long-term memory are physiologically different.
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term and long-term memory are physiologically different.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
The OPL experiment, Self-Reference illustrates which type of encoding strategy?

Selected Answer:
Correct
elaborative rehearsal
Correct Answer:
Correct
elaborative rehearsal
Question 5
0 out of 1 points
Echoic memory
Selected Answer:
Incorrect is memory for repetitive visual images.
Correct Answer:
Correct lasts less than 4 seconds.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
The recency effect occurs because the words in the last part of the list of words
that we are trying to memorize
Selected Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
How many chunks of information can short-term memory hold?
Selected Answer:
Correct between 5 and 9
Correct Answer:
Correct between 5 and 9
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Repeating a list of words over and over to one s self will be most effective in
encoding the information in ___________ memory.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect long-term
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following best describes the digit span test?
Selected Answer:
Correct presenting increasingly longer lists of numbers and asking participants to
repeat them
Correct Answer:
Correct presenting increasingly longer lists of numbers and asking participants to
repeat them
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
The process by which sensory input is converted into a form that can be useful to
the brain's memory system is called
Selected Answer:
Correct encoding.
Correct Answer:
Correct encoding.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
The process by which sensory input is converted into a form that can be useful to
the brain's memory system is called
Selected Answer:
Correct encoding.
Correct Answer:
Correct encoding.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Sperling used a special technique to show subjects a set of nine letters. They
could not recall more than four or five of them correctly because
Selected Answer:
Correct the visual stimulus fades quickly from iconic memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct the visual stimulus fades quickly from iconic memory.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Shirley is studying a list of psychology terms by relating each of them to everyday
experience. She is trying to make the terms as relevant as possible to her life.

Her method of studying reflects a strategy of rehearsal called __________


rehearsal.
Selected Answer:
Correct elaborative
Correct Answer:
Correct elaborative
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Short-term memory allows us to keep track of information
Selected Answer:
Correct that we need for a brief time.
Correct Answer:
Correct that we need for a brief time.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
As she was driving to work, Margie was in a terrible auto accident. When she woke
up in the hospital, she could not remember anything about the accident or what had
happened to her just before that time.

This is an example of what happens to people who have __________ amnesia.


Selected Answer:
Correct retrograde
Correct Answer:
Correct retrograde
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
The consolidation hypothesis of memory asserts that
Selected Answer:
Correct short-term and long-term memory are physiologically different.
Correct Answer:
Correct short-term and long-term memory are physiologically different.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
The recency effect occurs because the words in the last part of the list of words
that we are trying to memorize
Selected Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct are still in short-term memory.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
The tendency to remember words at the beginning of a list is called the __________
effect.
Selected Answer:
Correct primacy
Correct Answer:
Correct primacy
Question 9
0 out of 1 points
According to memory researchers, the capacity of short-term memory is roughly
__________ items +/- 2.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect 5
Correct Answer:
Correct 7
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following best describes the digit span test?
Selected Answer:
Correct presenting increasingly longer lists of numbers and asking participants to
repeat them
Correct Answer:
Correct presenting increasingly longer lists of numbers and asking participants to
repeat them
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Samantha is required to learn the names of the five great lakes. Her father tells
her to remember the word HOMES in which each letter stands for one of the great
lakes. Samantha s father is employing which mnemonic technique?
Selected Answer:
Correct acronym
Correct Answer:
Correct acronym
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Selected Answer:
Correct A chunk contains 7 +/-2 items.
Correct Answer:
Correct A chunk contains 7 +/-2 items.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
One of the videos that you saw in this module showed a staged purse-snatching in a
law class at Brooklyn Law School. One of the eyewitnesses (J.P.) later reported
that the robber had a "really weird-looking nose." J.P. was later shown that there
was nothing wrong with the robber's nose. Why did he remember it that way?

Selected Answer:
Correct
The professor had planted false information to the class that J.P. later remembered
and thought was true.
Correct Answer:
Correct
The professor had planted false information to the class that J.P. later remembered
and thought was true.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Children s recollections are susceptible to distortion, particularly when they are
Selected Answer:
Correct asked a question by an adult who seems to want to hear a particular
response.
Correct Answer:
Correct asked a question by an adult who seems to want to hear a particular
response.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Flashbulb memories are
Selected Answer:
Correct vivid, but sometimes not very accurate.
Correct Answer:
Correct vivid, but sometimes not very accurate.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following appears to be the most important cause of loss of
information from short-term memory?
Selected Answer:
Correct displacement
Correct Answer:
Correct displacement
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Lee has been studying all night. First she studied psychology and then she studied
sociology. Later, when she was taking a practice quiz over her sociology, she had a
difficult time recalling anything but psychology terms.

Lee's recall for sociology was impaired by


Selected Answer:
Correct proactive interference.
Correct Answer:
Correct proactive interference.
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
When is interference with retrieval most likely?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect after periods of sleep
Correct Answer:
Correct after periods of wakefulness
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Why is the Stroop word-color test a good example of interference in memory?
Selected Answer:
Correct Our brains tend to automatically process the meanings of the words, then
the meanings compete with the responses we are supposed to make in the task (color
names).
Correct Answer:
Correct Our brains tend to automatically process the meanings of the words, then
the meanings compete with the responses we are supposed to make in the task (color
names).
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Lai is participating in an experiment in which she is supposed to determine the
color of the ink in which words such as red and blue are printed. Lai is
participating in a ____________ task.
Selected Answer:
Correct Stroop
Correct Answer:
Correct Stroop
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Selected Answer:
Correct A chunk contains 7 +/-2 items.
Correct Answer:
Correct A chunk contains 7 +/-2 items.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
One way to help yourself remember a list of items is to use the __________
strategy, which involves associating familiar locations with the items to be
remembered.
Selected Answer:
Correct method of loci
Correct Answer:
Correct method of loci
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
False memories represent a type of _________ memory.
Selected Answer:
Correct reconstructive
Correct Answer:
Correct reconstructive
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Children s recollections are susceptible to distortion, particularly when they are
Selected Answer:
Correct asked a question by an adult who seems to want to hear a particular
response.
Correct Answer:
Correct asked a question by an adult who seems to want to hear a particular
response.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Jerry cannot remember the name of the actor who played Perry Mason even though he
is sure that he knows the actor s name. Jerry is experiencing
Selected Answer:
Correct the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.
Correct Answer:
Correct the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
When is interference with retrieval most likely?
Selected Answer:
Correct after periods of wakefulness
Correct Answer:
Correct after periods of wakefulness
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Flashbulb memories are
Selected Answer:
Correct vivid, but sometimes not very accurate.
Correct Answer:
Correct vivid, but sometimes not very accurate.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Lee has been studying all night. First she studied psychology and then she studied
sociology. Later, when she was taking a practice quiz over her sociology, she had a
difficult time recalling anything but psychology terms.

Lee's recall for sociology was impaired by


Selected Answer:
Correct proactive interference.
Correct Answer:
Correct proactive interference.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The occasional problem with the retrieval of information that we are sure we know,
but cannot immediately bring to mind, is called
Selected Answer:
Correct the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.
Correct Answer:
Correct the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Arlo has a big exam in psychology coming up next week. Based on what you know about
retrieval cues, you correctly advise him to
Selected Answer:
Correct study for the exam in the classroom in which he will take the exam.
Correct Answer:
Correct study for the exam in the classroom in which he will take the exam.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Trying to talk on the phone and to listen to the TV at the same time is analogous
to__________ presentation.
Selected Answer:
Correct dichotic
Correct Answer:
Correct dichotic
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Once the corpus callosum is severed, the two cerebral hemispheres
Selected Answer:
Correct function independently.
Correct Answer:
Correct function independently.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
A person with split-brain syndrome can verbally identify an object correctly if the
object is presented
Selected Answer:
Correct in the right visual field.
Correct Answer:
Correct in the right visual field.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
For a person with a healthy brain, the two cerebral hemispheres
Selected Answer:
Correct collaborate to process and integrate information.
Correct Answer:
Correct collaborate to process and integrate information.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Suppose that a person with split-brain syndrome is shown the word beagle in his or
her left visual field only.

If asked to report verbally what he or she saw, this person will most likely say
Selected Answer:
Correct "I did not see anything."
Correct Answer:
Correct "I did not see anything."
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Jan is clinically blind because of damage to his visual cortex. Although he cannot
see, he is able to guess the color of lights and locate visual targets in
experiments because of a condition known as
Selected Answer:
Correct blindsight.
Correct Answer:
Correct blindsight.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Because we are able to tune out certain stimuli, psychologists say that attention
is
Selected Answer:
Correct selective.
Correct Answer:
Correct selective.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
In research on visual attention, people were shown overlapping shapes drawn in one
of two different colors. They were instructed to pay attention to only those shapes
presented in one of the colors.

Later, in a recognition test, these people recognized


Selected Answer:
Correct only those shapes in the attended color.
Correct Answer:
Correct only those shapes in the attended color.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Consciousness is
Selected Answer:
Correct the awareness of perceiving, remembering, and thinking.
Correct Answer:
Correct the awareness of perceiving, remembering, and thinking.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following examples best illustrates the survival value of
consciousness?
Selected Answer:
Correct Birds that emit warning cries whenever a predator approaches live longer
than birds who do not emit warning cries.
Correct Answer:
Correct Birds that emit warning cries whenever a predator approaches live longer
than birds who do not emit warning cries
Question 1
0 out of 1 points
One type of meditation involves withdrawing attention from surrounding stimuli to
focus attention on
Selected Answer:
Incorrect the sound of your favorite radio station while you are studying for your
next Psychology 1 quiz.
Correct Answer:
Correct a repetitive movement or a single word spoken repeatedly.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
One method that can be used to either increase or decrease our attention to
surrounding stimuli is known as
Selected Answer:
Correct meditation.
Correct Answer:
Correct meditation.
Question 3
0 out of 1 points
Willa undergoes hypnosis to quit smoking. The hypnotist commands Willa not to smoke
because of its insidious effects. Willa then awakens oblivious to the hypnotist s
command. The hypnotist is using a
Selected Answer:
Incorrect susceptibility test.
Correct Answer:
Correct post-hypnotic suggestion.
Question 4
0 out of 1 points
An essential factor in hypnosis is that the subject be
Selected Answer:
Incorrect quiet and relaxed.
Correct Answer:
Correct aware that he or she is going to be hypnotized.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Sleep is considered to be a state of
Selected Answer:
Correct altered consciousness.
Correct Answer:
Correct altered consciousness.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
During slow wave or deep sleep (Stages 3 and 4), EEG recordings of the brain's
electrical activity generally show ___________ activity.
Selected Answer:
Correct delta
Correct Answer:
Correct delta
Question 7
0 out of 1 points
Which of the following is not recommended as a way to enhance your ability to sleep
at night?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect Avoid taking sleeping pills.
Correct Answer:
Correct Avoid afternoon exercise.
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Jarrett is suddenly awakened by his sister. He appears groggy and confused,
indicating that he has probably been awakened from __________ sleep.
Correct Answer:
Correct Stage 4
Question 9
0 out of 1 points
During REM, one s brain waves most closely resemble __________ brain waves.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect stage 1
Correct Answer:
Correct waking-state
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Periods of REM sleep tend to __________ as the night goes on.
Selected Answer:
Correct lengthen
Correct Answer:
Correct lengthen
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
The most common cause of insomnia is
Selected Answer:
Correct sleeping medication.
Correct Answer:
Correct sleeping medication.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
During a cataplectic attack, a person
Selected Answer:
Correct is overcome by muscular paralysis.
Correct Answer:
Correct is overcome by muscular paralysis.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
As we move from stage 1 sleep to stage 4 sleep, the brain emits successively
___________ waves.
Selected Answer:
Correct larger, slower
Correct Answer:
Correct larger, slower
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Jarrett is suddenly awakened by his sister. He appears groggy and confused,
indicating that he has probably been awakened from __________ sleep.
Selected Answer:
Correct Stage 4
Correct Answer:
Correct Stage 4
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Periods of REM sleep tend to __________ as the night goes on.
Selected Answer:
Correct lengthen
Correct Answer:
Correct lengthen
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Tori awoke from an unusual dream and had the presence of mind to write down its
theme. Later that day she asked her psychology professor about the real meaning of
the images and symbols in her dream.

In Freudian terms, Tori was interested in learning more about her dream's
Selected Answer:
Correct latent content.
Correct Answer:
Correct latent content.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Sally is celebrating her birthday, and she has drunk too much wine at the party.
Sally is experiencing a(n)
Selected Answer:
Correct altered state of consciousness.
Correct Answer:
Correct altered state of consciousness.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following does a person typically experience when meditating?
Selected Answer:
Correct decreased breathing rate
Correct Answer:
Correct decreased breathing rate
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The willingness to conform to a hypnotist's instructions is an example of
Selected Answer:
Correct suggestibility.
Correct Answer:
Correct suggestibility.
Question 10
0 out of 1 points
Many of the behaviors that are performed under hypnosis
Selected Answer:
Incorrect have been demonstrated only under hypnosis.
Correct Answer:
Correct have also been demonstrated under non-hypnotic conditions.
uestion 1
1 out of 1 points
The tendency of a person to engage in the behaviors recommended by a hypnotist some
time after the person has left the hypnotic state is called posthypnotic
Selected Answer:
Correct suggestibility.
Correct Answer:
Correct suggestibility.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Many of the behaviors that are performed under hypnosis
Selected Answer:
Correct have also been demonstrated under non-hypnotic conditions.
Correct Answer:
Correct have also been demonstrated under non-hypnotic conditions.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
One type of meditation involves withdrawing attention from surrounding stimuli to
focus attention on
Selected Answer:
Correct a repetitive movement or a single word spoken repeatedly.
Correct Answer:
Correct a repetitive movement or a single word spoken repeatedly.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
One method that can be used to either increase or decrease our attention to
surrounding stimuli is known as
Selected Answer:
Correct meditation.
Correct Answer:
Correct meditation.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
During which sleep stage is muscle activity largely suppressed?
Selected Answer:
Correct REM sleep.
Correct Answer:
Correct REM sleep.
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
Which of the following is NOT a disorder associated with slow-wave sleep?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect night terrors
Correct Answer:
Correct cataplexy
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is not recommended as a way to enhance your ability to sleep
at night?
Selected Answer:
Correct Avoid afternoon exercise.
Correct Answer:
Correct Avoid afternoon exercise.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Jarrett is suddenly awakened by his sister. He appears groggy and confused,
indicating that he has probably been awakened from __________ sleep.
Selected Answer:
Correct Stage 4
Correct Answer:
Correct Stage 4
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
During REM, one s brain waves most closely resemble __________ brain waves.
Selected Answer:
Correct waking-state
Correct Answer:
Correct waking-state
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
___________is a sleep disorder associated with trouble in staying awake whereas
_______________is a sleep disorder associated with trouble going to sleep.
Selected Answer:
Correct Narcolepsy; insomnia
Correct Answer:
Correct Narcolepsy; insomnia

The brain structure that has been implicated in the recognition of spoken words is
__________ area.
Selected Answer:
Correct Wernicke's
Correct Answer:
Correct Wernicke's
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
You discover your aunt had damage to an area of her brain that helps in speech
production. Because you know her main problem is vocalization, you can conclude
that the affected area is most likely
Selected Answer:
Correct Broca's
Correct Answer:
Correct Broca's
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Dyslexia involves the loss of the ability to
Selected Answer:
Correct read.
Correct Answer:
Correct read.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Washoe
Selected Answer:
Correct learned American Sign Language.
Correct Answer:
Correct learned American Sign Language.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Every time Ta sees a new female she calls her Mommy. Ta is making a(n) ___________
error.
Selected Answer:
Correct overextension
Correct Answer:
Correct overextension
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
At about what age will an infant typically start babbling?
Selected Answer:
Correct 5-7 months
Correct Answer:
Correct 5-7 months
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
The language-acquisition device is proposed as a(n)
Selected Answer:
Correct innate mechanism that allows people to acquire language.
Correct Answer:
Correct innate mechanism that allows people to acquire language.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of child-directed speech?
Selected Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Correct Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The branch of psychology that studies verbal behavior is called
Selected Answer:
Correct psycholinguistics.
Correct Answer:
Correct psycholinguistics.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
The term child-directed speech refers to the way __________ speak to __________.
Selected Answer:
Correct adults; children
Correct Answer:
Correct adults; children
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following apes learned the American Sign Language?
Selected Answer:
Correct Washoe
Correct Answer:
Correct Washoe
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of child-directed speech?
Selected Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Correct Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The term child-directed speech refers to the way __________ speak to __________.
Selected Answer:
Correct adults; children
Correct Answer:
Correct adults; children
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
After the neighbor asked about her mother, Shawana told her that her mother goed to
the store. Shawana made a(n) ______________ error.
Selected Answer:
Correct inflection
Correct Answer:
Correct inflection
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
All infants around the world acquire vowel sounds before the consonant sounds.
Around 6 months, infants begin to make repetitive consonant sounds. It is at this
stage in language development, that speech actually begins to sound like real
speech. What is this stage called?
Selected Answer:
Correct babbling
Correct Answer:
Correct babbling
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Every time Ta sees a new female she calls her Mommy. Ta is making a(n) ___________
error.
Selected Answer:
Correct overextension
Correct Answer:
Correct overextension
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
The two-word stage begins for children who are about __________ months of age.
Selected Answer:
Correct 18 to 20
Correct Answer:
Correct 18 to 20
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
The brain structure that has been implicated in the recognition of spoken words is
__________ area.
Selected Answer:
Correct Wernicke's
Correct Answer:
Correct Wernicke's
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
A person who has a serious problem in articulating words, especially function
words, may be experiencing
Selected Answer:
Correct Broca's aphasia.
Correct Answer:
Correct Broca's aphasia.
Question 10
0 out of 1 points
__________ often results from damage to Broca's area.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect Dyslexia
Correct Answer:
Correct Aphasia
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Washoe
Selected Answer:
Correct learned American Sign Language.
Correct Answer:
Correct learned American Sign Language.
Question 2
0 out of 1 points
Dr. Rios investigates the relationship between language and thought. Dr. Rios is
most probably a
Selected Answer:
Incorrect linguist.
Correct Answer:
Correct psycholinguist.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The term child-directed speech refers to the way __________ speak to __________.
Selected Answer:
Correct adults; children
Correct Answer:
Correct adults; children
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
The branch of psychology that studies verbal behavior is called
Selected Answer:
Correct psycholinguistics.
Correct Answer:
Correct psycholinguistics.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
The first sounds that children use to produce speech are
Selected Answer:
Correct the same across both language and cultures.
Correct Answer:
Correct the same across both language and cultures.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
The most important evidence supporting the existence of an innate language
acquisition device involves the
Selected Answer:
Correct existence of language universals.
Correct Answer:
Correct existence of language universals.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of child-directed speech?
Selected Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Correct Answer:
Correct an abundance of function words
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Suppose that a person approaches you on campus and says, "Oy've stent here walls
and my gosh thay roped fourteen. We jus' took it to the bank and arranjen iss
pedic."

Because you just studied language and language use in your psychology class, you
correctly note that this person seems to be exhibiting the symptoms of
Selected Answer:
Correct Wernicke's aphasia.
Correct Answer:
Correct Wernicke's aphasia.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
You discover your aunt had damage to an area of her brain that helps in speech
production. Because you know her main problem is vocalization, you can conclude
that the affected area is most likely
Selected Answer:
Correct Broca's
Correct Answer:
Correct Broca's
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
You discover that your aunt has damage to an area of the brain that helps in speech
production Because you know her main problem is vocalization, you can conclude that
the affect area is most likely
Selected Answer:
Correct Broca's.
Correct Answer:
Correct Broca's.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Which of the following content areas is included as a performance subscale on the
Wechsler intelligence tests?
Selected Answer:
Correct Picture Completion
Correct Answer:
Correct Picture Completion
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
While taking the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, David is asked to
listen to a series of numbers and repeat them back to the examiner. The subscale
being tested is called
Selected Answer:
Correct Digit Span
Correct Answer:
Correct Digit Span
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Modern intelligence testing originated with the work of
Selected Answer:
Correct Binet.
Correct Answer:
Correct Binet.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
An important criticism of intelligence testing is that intelligence tests
Selected Answer:
Correct may be culturally biased.
Correct Answer:
Correct may be culturally biased.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
An advantage of Gardner's neuropsychological theory of intelligence is that
Selected Answer:
Correct it allows for most individuals to be intelligent in at least one way
Correct Answer:
Correct it allows for most individuals to be intelligent in at least one way
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Gardner's theory of intelligence is considered to be a __________ theory.
Selected Answer:
Correct neuropsychological
Correct Answer:
Correct neuropsychological
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
A statistical procedure for identifying common features among a group of tests is
called
Selected Answer:
Correct factor analysis.
Correct Answer:
Correct factor analysis.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
__________ reasoning proceeds from specific to general, and __________ reasoning
proceeds from general to specific.
Selected Answer:
Correct Inductive; deductive
Correct Answer:
Correct Inductive; deductive
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
__________ consists of inferring specific instances from general principles or
rules.
Selected Answer:
Correct Deductive reasoning
Correct Answer:
Correct Deductive reasoning
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
In which of the following is the goal to overcome obstacles?
Selected Answer:
Correct problem solving.
Correct Answer:
Correct problem solving.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
Children are NOT capable of thinking hypothetically during all of the following
periods of cognitive development EXCEPT the __________ period.
Selected Answer:
Correct formal operational
Correct Answer:
Correct formal operational
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Piaget studied cognitive development mainly by
Selected Answer:
Correct observing children as they solved problems.
Correct Answer:
Correct observing children as they solved problems.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Mary s daughter, Edna, is playing with her keys. Mary is concerned that Edna will
lose them so she takes the keys away and places them in her purse. As soon as the
keys are out of sight, Edna seems to forget that they even exist. How old would you
assume Edna is?
Selected Answer:
Correct 1 year old
Correct Answer:
Correct 1 year old
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
The idea that things do not disappear when they are moved out of sight is called
Selected Answer:
Correct object permanence.
Correct Answer:
Correct object permanence.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
A social and emotional bond between an infant and his or her care-giver, that spans
both time and space is called
Selected Answer:
Correct attachment.
Correct Answer:
Correct attachment.
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
Authoritarian parents are to __________ children, as permissive parents are to
__________ children.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect responsible; independent
Correct Answer:
Correct distrustful; dependent
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Mothers of securely attached babies tend to
Selected Answer:
Correct be adept at holding and caressing their babies.
Correct Answer:
Correct be adept at holding and caressing their babies.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Drugs or other substances that can cause birth defects are known as
Selected Answer:
Correct teratogens.
Correct Answer:
Correct teratogens.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
At implantation, the zygote becomes a(n)
Selected Answer:
Correct embryo.
Correct Answer:
Correct embryo.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
The stage of prenatal development during which the fetus is most susceptible to
teratogens is the __________ stage.
Selected Answer:
Correct embryo
Correct Answer:
Correct embryo
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
The __________ response is a reflex that is caused by lightly touching a baby's
cheek.
Selected Answer:
Correct rooting
Correct Answer:
Correct rooting
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
The stage of prenatal development during which the fetus is most susceptible to
teratogens is the __________ stage.
Selected Answer:
Correct embryo
Correct Answer:
Correct embryo
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Fatima was born with a great deal of artistic ability. However, her mother did not
let her play with crayons or paints because she was afraid that Fatima would get
them on the furniture. Now as an adult, Fatima does not display any particular
artistic abilities. Which of the following statements concerning Fatima s story is
most likely true?
Selected Answer:
Correct Fatima lacked the nurture influences necessary for her to be a great
artist.
Correct Answer:
Correct Fatima lacked the nurture influences necessary for her to be a great
artist.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
What type of development encompasses changes in mental skills?
Selected Answer:
Correct cognitive
Correct Answer:
Correct cognitive
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Children are NOT capable of thinking hypothetically during all of the following
periods of cognitive development EXCEPT the __________ period.
Selected Answer:
Correct formal operational
Correct Answer:
Correct formal operational
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
If an object is completely hidden from view after a 12- to 16-month-old infant has
observed it, the infant will
Selected Answer:
Incorrect lose interest in the object.
Correct Answer:
Correct search for the object in the last place that he or she saw it hidden.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Piaget studied cognitive development mainly by
Selected Answer:
Correct observing children as they solved problems.
Correct Answer:
Correct observing children as they solved problems.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
A social and emotional bond between an infant and his or her care-giver, that spans
both time and space is called
Selected Answer:
Correct attachment.
Correct Answer:
Correct attachment.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
An individual's private sense of masculinity or femininity is called
Selected Answer:
Correct gender identity.
Correct Answer:
Correct gender identity.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
The secure attachment pattern of an infant is characterized by all of the following
behaviors, EXCEPT
Selected Answer:
Correct clinging to the mother and pushing away when she is present.
Correct Answer:
Correct clinging to the mother and pushing away when she is present.
Question 1
1 out of 1 points
A child who is in the concrete operational stage of cognitive development can do
all of the following EXCEPT
Selected Answer:
Correct abstract reasoning.
Correct Answer:
Correct abstract reasoning.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
If an object is completely hidden from view after a 12- to 16-month-old infant has
observed it, the infant will
Selected Answer:
Correct search for the object in the last place that he or she saw it hidden.
Correct Answer:
Correct search for the object in the last place that he or she saw it hidden.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Children are NOT capable of thinking hypothetically during all of the following
periods of cognitive development EXCEPT the __________ period.
Selected Answer:
Correct formal operational
Correct Answer:
Correct formal operational
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
From Piaget s perspective, which of the following represents the most important and
fundamental cognitive development during infancy?
Selected Answer:
Correct the acquisition of object permanence
Correct Answer:
Correct the acquisition of object permanence
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Parents who explain household rules and why they are important to their children
are referred to as __________ parents.
Selected Answer:
Correct authoritative
Correct Answer:
Correct authoritative
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
An individual's private sense of masculinity or femininity is called
Selected Answer:
Correct gender identity.
Correct Answer:
Correct gender identity.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Roberto is a 1-year-old infant who is a participant in an experiment. Part of the
experimental procedure involves a standardized sequence of having an unfamiliar
woman enter the playroom to play with him, Roberto s mother leaving the playroom
for a few minutes and then returning, and finally both adults leaving Roberto alone
for a few minutes with the mother returning. The experimental procedure is called
Selected Answer:
Correct the strange-situation paradigm.
Correct Answer:
Correct the strange-situation paradigm.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
The __________ response is a reflex that is caused by lightly touching a baby's
cheek.
Selected Answer:
Correct rooting
Correct Answer:
Correct rooting
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Prenatal development begins at
Selected Answer:
Correct conception.
Correct Answer:
Correct conception.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
At implantation, the zygote becomes a(n)
Selected Answer:
Correct embryo.
Correct Answer:
Correct embryo.

Todd is a junior at a university and declared his major in journalism by randomly


opening the undergraduate handbook and pointing to a program area. Although his
parents insisted that he declare a major, Todd had not given much thought to the
field in which he was interested. It appears as if Todd s identity as a journalism
major evolved through which pattern of personal identity formation?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect identity moratorium
Correct Answer:
Correct identity diffusion
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Katrina is a junior at a university and has changed her major four times. Although
she floundered in her first three programs of study and received poor grades, she
is really committed to her new major in political science. In fact, since choosing
this new major, Katrina s GPA has been 4.0. It appears as if Katrina s identity as
a political science major evolved through which pattern of personal identity
formation?
Selected Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Correct Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
According to Erikson, the adult years consist of crises involving
Selected Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Correct Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Question 4
0 out of 1 points
Adolescents who experience a crisis--but who do not resolve it and thus cannot
become committed to a course of action--are said to experience
Selected Answer:
Incorrect identity diffusion.
Correct Answer:
Correct moratorium.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
According to Erikson, which of these is the crisis of late adulthood?
Selected Answer:
Correct integrity versus despair
Correct Answer:
Correct integrity versus despair
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
A child who reasons that speeding is wrong because it is against the law would be
at which of Kohlberg s levels of moral reasoning?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect preconventional
Correct Answer:
Correct conventional
Question 7
0 out of 1 points
Erikson s stage of generativity vs. stagnation would coincide with which of
Kohlberg s stages of moral development for most people?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect post-conventional
Correct Answer:
Correct conventional
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Kate decides to help her friend with his homework because then her friend will
"owe" her and have to do something for her. According to Kohlberg, Kate is
exhibiting __________ moral reasoning.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect conventional
Correct Answer:
Correct preconventional
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
Of the five stages in Kubler-Ross' conception of death and dying, only __________
is considered to be universal.
Selected Answer:
Correct denial
Correct Answer:
Correct denial
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
When older people in Western societies are reminded of the advantages of age, such
as superior wisdom, they tend to
Selected Answer:
Correct do better on tests of memory.
Correct Answer:
Correct do better on tests of memory.
Question 1
0 out of 1 points
At pre-school, Helena (age 3) often volunteers to help clean up the play area.
Helena seems to be successfully mastering the crisis of
Selected Answer:
Incorrect autonomy versus shame and doubt.
Correct Answer:
Correct initiative versus guilt.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
Katrina is a junior at a university and has changed her major four times. Although
she floundered in her first three programs of study and received poor grades, she
is really committed to her new major in political science. In fact, since choosing
this new major, Katrina s GPA has been 4.0. It appears as if Katrina s identity as
a political science major evolved through which pattern of personal identity
formation?
Selected Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Correct Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Joanna is 17 years old and is planning on studying law. Although she has not put
much thought into the decision, she believes that she can relate to the field
because her mother, uncle, and grandfather were all lawyers. It appears as if
Joanna s identity as a lawyer evolved through which pattern of personal identity
formation?
Selected Answer:
Correct identity foreclosure
Correct Answer:
Correct identity foreclosure
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
According to Erikson, the adult years consist of crises involving
Selected Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Correct Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Byron is a teenager who is trying to find himself. Byron is grappling with the
crisis of
Selected Answer:
Correct identity versus role-confusion.
Correct Answer:
Correct identity versus role-confusion.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
Although Kubler-Ross' work on the stages of dying has been criticized, it still has
several merits.

One merit of this work is that it has


Selected Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Correct Answer:
Correct ALL OF THE CHOICES ARE CORRECT
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Of the five stages in Kubler-Ross' conception of death and dying, only __________
is considered to be universal.
Selected Answer:
Correct denial
Correct Answer:
Correct denial
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Which is true concerning Kohlberg's theory of moral development?
Selected Answer:
Incorrect He thought development ended during adolescence.
Correct Answer:
Correct He was more concerned with reasons behind a decision than the actual
decision itself.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
While waiting for a bus, Edward found a wallet with $100 in it. He returns it to
it's owner because that is the law. Which of Kohlberg's moral stages best reflects
Edward's reasoning?
Selected Answer:
Correct conventional
Correct Answer:
Correct conventional
Question 10
0 out of 1 points
According to Kohlberg, morality during the conventional level is marked by
Selected Answer:
Incorrect the understanding that moral rules apply across all situations and
cultures.
Correct Answer:
Correct the understanding that rules help maintain social order.
Longitudinal studies of changes in intelligence over the life-span paint a more
accurate picture of reality than do cross-sectional studies because
Selected Answer:
Incorrect longitudinal studies require more time to conduct and therefore
researchers can make a more careful analysis of the important variables that
influence development.
Correct Answer:
Correct cross-sectional studies do not take into consideration the fact that older
people have had different educational and cultural experiences than younger people
have had.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
A form of dementia that strikes mainly older people is called
Selected Answer:
Correct Alzheimer's disease.
Correct Answer:
Correct Alzheimer's disease.
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
Byron is a teenager who is trying to find himself. Byron is grappling with the
crisis of
Selected Answer:
Correct identity versus role-confusion.
Correct Answer:
Correct identity versus role-confusion.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
Erikson stressed that the primary crisis faced by adolescents was one of
Selected Answer:
Correct identity versus role confusion.
Correct Answer:
Correct identity versus role confusion.
Question 5
1 out of 1 points
Katrina is a junior at a university and has changed her major four times. Although
she floundered in her first three programs of study and received poor grades, she
is really committed to her new major in political science. In fact, since choosing
this new major, Katrina s GPA has been 4.0. It appears as if Katrina s identity as
a political science major evolved through which pattern of personal identity
formation?
Selected Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Correct Answer:
Correct identity achievement
Question 6
0 out of 1 points
Paulo is just learning to walk. However, he exhibits a great deal of hesitancy
whenever his mother is not right by his side. According to Erikson, Paulo is
struggling with
Selected Answer:
Incorrect trust versus mistrust.
Correct Answer:
Correct autonomy versus shame and doubt.
Question 7
1 out of 1 points
Adolescents who experience a crisis--but who do not resolve it and thus cannot
become committed to a course of action--are said to experience
Selected Answer:
Correct moratorium.
Correct Answer:
Correct moratorium.
Question 8
0 out of 1 points
Jonah gives money to his church because he wants his pastor and his fellow
churchgoers to like him. According to Kohlberg, Jonah is exhibiting __________
moral reasoning.
Selected Answer:
Incorrect preconventional
Correct Answer:
Correct conventional
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
While waiting for a bus, Edward found a wallet with $100 in it. He returns it to
it's owner because that is the law. Which of Kohlberg's moral stages best reflects
Edward's reasoning?
Selected Answer:
Correct conventional
Correct Answer:
Correct conventional
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
Which is true concerning Kohlberg's theory of moral development?
Selected Answer:
Correct He was more concerned with reasons behind a decision than the actual
decision itself.
Correct Answer:
Correct He was more concerned with reasons behind a decision than the actual
decision itself.

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