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# Plate No.

7 Soil Compaction

1. The maximum and minimum dry unit weights of sand were determined in the
laboratory to be 104 lb/ft3 and 93 lb/ft3, respectively. What would be the
relative compaction in the field if the relative density is 78%?

2. The maximum and minimum dry densities of sand were determined in the
laboratory to be 1682 kg/m3 and 1510 kg/m3, respectively. In the field, if
the relative density of compaction of the same sand is 70%, what are its
relative compaction (%) and dry density (kg/m3)?

## 3. Following are the results of a field unit weight determination test on a

soil with the sand cone method:

## Calibrated dry density of Ottawa sand = 1667 kg/m3

Calibrated mass of Ottawa sand to fill the cone = 0.117 kg
Mass of jar + cone + sand (before use) = 5.99 kg
Mass of jar + cone + sand (after use) = 2.81 kg
Mass of moist soil from hole = 3.331 kg
Moisture content of moist soil = 11.6%

grain sizes:

D10 = 0.11 mm
D20 = 0.19 mm
D50 = 1.3 mm

## Determine the suitability number, SN. What would be its rating as a

backfill material?

## 5. The following data were obtained from a field density test on a

compacted fill of sandy clay. Laboratory moisture density tests on the fill
material indicated a maximum dry density of 1.92 Mg/m3 at an optimum water
content of 11%. What was the percent compaction of the fill? Was the fill
water content above or below optimum?

Mass of the moist soil removed from the test hole = 1038 g
Mass of the soil after oven drying = 914 g
Volume of the test hole = 478.55 cm3

## 6. A Standard Proctor compaction test performed on a sample of crushed

limestone (Gs = 2.70) obtained a maximum dry unit weight of 90 pcf at OMC.
A field compacted sample showed a moisture of 28% and a unit weight of
103.7 pcf. (a) Find the relative compaction (RC). (b) Find the degree of
saturation S of the field soil sample.

## 7. An embankment for a highway 30 m wide and 1.5 m thick is to be

constructed from a sandy soil, trucked in from a borrow pit. The water
content of the sandy soil in the borrow pit is 15% and its voids ratio is
0.69. Specifications require the embankment to be compacted to a dry unit
weight of 18 kN/m3. Determine, for 1 km length of embankment, the
following:
a) The dry unit weight of sandy soil from the borrow pit required to
construct the embankment, assuming that GS = 2.70;
b) The number of 10 m3 truckloads of sandy soil required to construct the
embankment;
c) The weight of water per truck load of sandy soil; and
d) The degree of saturation of the in-situ sandy soil.

8. A Standard Proctor test yields the values listed below for a soil with
Gs = 2.71. Find:
(a) The plot of the dry unit weight versus the water content;
(b) The maximum dry unit weight;
(c) The optimum moisture content;
(d) The dry unit weight at 90% of Standard Proctor;
(e) The moisture range for the 90% value;
(f) The volume of water (in gallons) that must be added to obtain 1
cubic yard of soil at the maximum density, if the soil was originally at
10% water content.

w(%) 10 13 16 18 20 22 25
 (pcf) 98 106 119 125 129 128 123
d 89 94 102.6 105.9 107.5 104.9 98.4
(pcf)

9. The results of a Standard Compaction test are shown in the table below:

## w(%) 6.2 8.1 9.8 11.5 12.3 13.2

 16.9 18.7 19.5 20.5 20.4 20.1
(kN/m3)
d 15.9 17.3 17.8 18.4 18.2 17.8
(kN/m3)

## a) Determine the maximum dry unit weight and the OMC.

b) What is the dry unit weight and moisture range at 95% RC (Relative
Compaction)?
c) Determine the degree of saturation at the maximum dry density if Gs =
2.70.

10. The relative compaction (RC) of a sandy road base in the field is 90%.
The maximum and minimum dry unit weights of the sand are d(max) = 20.4 kN/m3
and d(min) = 13.9 kN/m3. Determine the field values of:
a) The dry unit weight in the field;
b) Relative density (of compaction) Dr;
c) The moist unit weight  when its moisture content is 15%.

11. The laboratory test results of a standard Proctor test are given in the
following table.

a. Determine the maximum dry unit weight of compaction and the optimum
moisture content.
b. Calculate and plot d versus the moisture content for degree of
saturation, S = 80, 90, and 100% (i.e., zav). Given: Gs = 2.7.

Laboratory compaction test results for a clayey silt are given in the
following table.

## Moisture Dry unit weight

content (%) (kN/m3)
6 14.80
8 17.45
9 18.52
11 18.9
12 18.5
14 16.9

## Following are the results of a field unit-weight determination test

performed on the same soil by means of the sand cone method:
• Calibrated dry density of Ottawa sand = 1570 kg/m3
• Calibrated mass of Ottawa sand to fill the cone = 0.545 kg
• Mass of jar + cone + sand (before use) = 7.59 kg
• Mass of jar + cone + sand (after use) = 4.78 kg
• Mass of moist soil from hole = 3.007 kg
• Moisture content of moist soil = 10.2%
Determine:
a. Dry unit weight of compaction in the field
b. Relative compaction in the field

## 13. Sand cone equipment is used to perform a field density test on a

compacted earth fill. Ottawa sand is used in the cone and is known to have
a bulk density of 15.74kN/m3.
Soil sample dug from test hole, (wet weight) = 20.601 N
Dry weight of soil sample = 17.926 N
Weight of Ottawa sand (sand cone) to fill test hole = 16.053 N
From the given information shown, determine the in-place dry density of the
tested soil and the water content. Compute also the percentage of
compaction of the tested soil if the laboratory moisture-density curve
indicates a dry density of 18.10kN/m3 and an optimum moisture content of
13%.

14. The maximum and minimum dry unit weights of sand were determined in the
laboratory to be 18.13kN/m3 and 15.52 kN/m3. What would be the relative
compaction in the field if the relative density is 65%?

15. Following are the results for the backfill material used in a
vibroflotation project: D10 = 0.11 mm, D20 = 0.19 mm, and D50 = 1.3 mm.
Determine the suitability number, Sn. What would be its rating as a
backfill?