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VII.

Rights and Privileged of Public Officers


a. Right to compensation
b. Right to self-organization

1. GSIS vs Kapisanan

2. Davao City Water District vs Aranjuez

3. GSIS vs Villaviza

c. Rights under E.O. 292; Next-in-rank rule


d. Human Resource Action/Personnel Action

1. Abad vs Dela Cruz

2. CSC vs Javier

3. Funa vs CSC

4. CSC vs Sojor

5. LRTA vs Salvana

6. CSC vs Pililla Water District


7. Camarines Norte vs Gonzales

8. Re: Vehicular Accident, A.M 2008-13-SC 11.19.2008

9. OP vs Buenaobra

10. Orcullo vs CSC

11. CSC vs Salas

12. PAGCOR vs Rilloraza

13. Jocom vs Regalado

e. The Law of Reinstatement and Backwages

1. Campol vs Balao-as

2. Saunar vs Ermita

VIII. Disabilities and Inhibitions of Public Officers


1. Prohibitions under the Constitution
2. Prohibitions under the Local Government Code
IX. Liabilities of Public Officers
1. Three-fold Liability Rule
2. Arias Doctrine

a. Arias vs Sandiganbayan

b. Abert vs Gangan

c. Cruz vs Sandiganbayan

d. De Jesus vs Guerrero

e. Ombudsman vs Espina

f. Joson vs COA

X. The Office of the Ombudsman


1. Gonzales vs OP

2. Ifurung vs Carpio Morales

3. Baculi vs OP
XI. The Sandiganbayan
1. De Lima vs Guerrero

2. Inocentes vs People

3. Duncano vs Sandiganbayan

4. Disini vs Sandiganbayan

5. People vs Morales

6. Serana vs Sandiganbayan

XII. Modes of Terminating Official Relations


1. Canonizado vs Aguirre (abolition)

2. Public Interest vs Elma

3. Funa vs Ermita

4. Liban vs Gordon, see also Torres vs De Leon


5. Ombudsman vs Andutan (resignation)

6. Pagano vs Nazarro (resignation)

7. Estrada vs Desierto

8. Debulgado vs CSC (nepotism)

9. CSC vs Cortes (nepotism)

10. Aguinaldo vs Santos (doctrine of condonation)

11. Trillanes vs People (inapplicability of Santos to criminal cases)

12. Carpio-Morales vs CA (abandonment of doctrine)

13. Quinto vs COMELEC (filing of COC)

XI. Accountability of Public Officers


a. Impeachment
1. Ombudsman vs Mojica
2. Marcoleta vs Borra

3. Francisco vs House of Representatives

4. Gutierrez vs House Committee on Justice

5. Corona vs Senate

6. Republic vs Sereno
LAW ON PUBLIC OFFICERS/PUBLIC CORPORATIONS
SYLLABUS

I – General principles: Definitions, Distinctions, Classification


a. What is Public Office?
b. Essential elements; Characteristics
c. Creation
d. Classification
e. Who is a Public Officer?

1. Laurel vs Desierto
2. ABAKADA Group Party List vs Purisima
3. Figueroa vs People
4. Javier vs Sandiganbayan
5. Ombudsman vs Regalado

II – Eligibility, Qualifications, Disqualifications


a. Qualifying to public office
b. Oath

1. Mendoza vs Laxina
2. Joson vs Ombudsman

c. Power of Congress to prescribe qualifications/disqualifications

1. Pimentel vs Ermita

d. Particular qualifications/disqualifications

i. Qualifications usually required of Public Officers


ii. Qualifications prescribed by the Constitution
iii. Qualifications prescribed by law for certain officers
iv. Disqualifications for certain causes
v. Three-limit; term of office of elective local officials

1. Albania vs COMELEC
2. Abundo vs COMELEC
3. Aldovino vs COMELEC

vi. Disqualifications under the Local Government Code


Section 40, LGC

1. Moreno vs COMELEC
2. Mercado vs Manzano
3. Rodriguez vs COMELEC
4. Sobejana-Condon vs COMELEC
5. Jalosjos vs COMELEC
vii. General disqualifications under the Constitution
viii. Specific disqualifications under the Constitution

III – De Facto Officer Doctrine

a. Rationale
b. Legal Effects; Elements
c. De jure officer, de facto officer, usurper; distinguished
d. Liabilities of a De Facto Office

1. Gaminde vs COA [term; tenure; rotational plan]


2. National Amnesty Commission vs COA
3. Tetangco, et.al vs COA [ex officio]
4. Re: Nomination of Atty. Lyndia Chaguile
5. Funa vs Agra

IV – Modes of Acquiring Title: Acquisition of right or title to office

a. Commencement of Official Relations


b. Appointment in general

1. Velicarioa-Garafil vs OP

c. Restriction on the power to appoint under the Constitution


d. Approval by the Civil Service Commission
e. Appointments by the President

i. Section 16, Article VI


1. Sarmiento vs Mison
2. Bautista vs Salonga
3. Calderon vs Carale
4. Tarrosa vs Singson
5. Manalo vs Sistoza
6. Matibag vs Banipayo
7. Pimentel vs Ermita

ii. Midnight Appointments

1. Quirog vs Augmentado
2. De Rama vs CA
3. Nazareno vs City of Dumaguete
4. The Province of Aurora vs Marco
5. De castro vs JBC

f. The Commission of Appointments


g. Kinds of Presidential Appointments

V – The Civil Service


a. Scope
b. Appointments to the Civil Service
c. Classification of Positions in Civil Service; Career an Non-Career Service
d. Career Executive Service (CES)

1. CESB vs CSC and Lodevico


2. CESB vs CSC
3. Mohammad vs Sequeton
4. Buena vs Benito
5. De Castro vs Carlos
6. Agyao vs CSC
7. OMB vs CSC
8. Araos vs Legala
9. CSC vs CA
10. Caringal vs PSCO
11. Collantes vs CA
12. Amores vs CSC
13. NTC vs Hamoy
VI – Powers, Duties, and Norms of Conduct of Public Officers
a. Scope of power
b. Classification of powers and duties
c. Norms of Conduct; RA 6713
d. SALN

1. Del Rosario vs People


2. De Castro vs Field Investigation Office
3. Daplas vs Department of Finance
4. Ombudsman vs Racho
5. Re: Request for Copy, A.M 09-8-6-SC, June 13, 2012

e. Duties of Public Offices under RA 6713


VII. Rights and Privileged of Public Officers
f. Right to compensation
g. Right to self-organization

4. GSIS vs Kapisanan
5. Davao City Water District vs Aranjuez
6. GSIS vs Villaviza

h. Rights under E.O. 292; Next-in-rank rule


i. Human Resource Action/Personnel Action

14. Abad vs Dela Cruz


15. CSC vs Javier
16. Funa vs CSC
17. CSC vs Sojor
18. LRTA vs Salvana
19. CSC vs Pililla Water District
20. Camarines Norte vs Gonzales
21. Re: Vehicular Accident, A.M 2008-13-SC 11.19.2008
22. OP vs Buenaobra
23. Orcullo vs CSC
24. CSC vs Salas
25. PAGCOR vs Rilloraza
26. Jocom vs Regalado

j. The Law of Reinstatement and Backwages

3. Campol vs Balao-as
4. Saunar vs Ermita
VIII. Disabilities and Inhibitions of Public Officers
3. Prohibitions under the Constitution
4. Prohibitions under the Local Government Code
IX. Liabilities of Public Officers
3. Three-fold Liability Rule
4. Arias Doctrine
g. Arias vs Sandiganbayan
h. Abert vs Gangan
i. Cruz vs Sandiganbayan
j. De Jesus vs Guerrero
k. Ombudsman vs Espina
l. Joson vs COA
X. The Office of the Ombudsman
4. Gonzales vs OP
5. Ifurung vs Carpio Morales
6. Baculi vs OP
XI. The Sandiganbayan
7. De Lima vs Guerrero
8. Inocentes vs People
9. Duncano vs Sandiganbayan
10. Disini vs Sandiganbayan
11. People vs Morales
12. Serana vs Sandiganbayan
XII. Modes of Terminating Official Relations
14. Canonizado vs Aguirre (abolition)
15. Public Interest vs Elma
16. Funa vs Ermita
17. Liban vs Gordon, see also Torres vs De Leon
18. Ombudsman vs Andutan (resignation)
19. Pagano vs Nazarro (resignation)
20. Estrada vs Desierto
21. Debulgado vs CSC (nepotism)
22. CSC vs Cortes (nepotism)
23. Aguinaldo vs Santos (doctrine of condonation)
24. Trillanes vs People (inapplicability of Santos to criminal cases)
25. Carpio-Morales vs CA (abandonment of doctrine)
26. Quinto vs COMELEC (filing of COC)
XI. Accountability of Public Officers
b. Impeachment
7. Ombudsman vs Mojica
8. Marcoleta vs Borra
9. Francisco vs House of Representatives
10. Gutierrez vs House Committee on Justice
11. Corona vs Senate
12. Republic vs Sereno