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Problem Set: Review of Stoichiometry
Directions: Solve each of the following problems. Show work using the factor label
method. Include correct units and significant figures with each answer. Clearly
indicate final answer. Be sure to start with balanced reactions.

1. Ammonium phosphomolybdate (APM) is made up of the radicals NH3, H2O, P2O5, and
MoO3. The chemical formula of ammonium phosphomolybdate is (NH4)3PO4·12 MoO3
·3H2O.
(a) Calculate the molecular weight of APM
(b) Calculate the percent elemental composition of APM
(c) How many moles of APM are equivalent to 1000g APM
(d) How many N atoms are in 1500 mol APM
(e) How many grams of MoO3 are equivalent to 25 x1026 APM molecules?

2. Given the following reaction: __Na2S2O3 + __AgBr __NaBr + __Na3[Ag(S2O3)2]


a. How many moles of Na2S2O3 are needed to react completely with 42.7 g of AgBr?
b. What is the mass of NaBr that will be produced from 42.7 g of AgBr?
3. The reaction between BaCl2 and Na2SO4 is shown below:
__BaCl2 + __Na2SO4 →__ NaCl + ___ BaSO4
(a) How many moles of BaCl2 will be required to produce 25.0 moles of NaCl ?
(b) How many grams of NaCl are equivalent to 100 grams of BaCl2?
(c) How many grams of Na2SO4 are necessary for the precipitation of 80.0 grams
BaSO4?

4. Lysine is an amino acid which has the following elemental composition: C, H, O, N. In


one experiment, 2.175 g of lysine was combusted to produce 3.94 g of CO2and 1.89 g
H2O. In a separate experiment, 1.873 g of lysine was burned to produce 0.436 g of
NH3. The molar mass of lysine is approximately 150 g/mol. Determine the empirical
and molecular formula of lysine.
5. A 12-gram sample of a smelly compound was tested by combustion analysis. The
products were 21.41 grams of CO2, 14.59 grams of H2O, and 17.51 grams of N2O5.
Further analysis showed that oxygen was NOT present in the molecule. What is the
empirical formula of the compound?

6. For each of the following problems, identify:


a) The limiting reactant (LR) and Excess reactant (ER)
b) The theoretical yield (TY) of the product

4a. What is the volume of hydrogen gas (H2) produced from 20.0 g sodium and 20.0
g of water? Given: __ Na (s) + __ H2O(l) → __ NaOH(aq) + __H2(g)
(Na = 23.0 g/mol NaOH = 40.0 g/mol H2O= 18.0 g/mol H2 = 2.0 g/mol)
Hint: do you remember the molar volume of an ideal gas at STP?

4b. If 2.50 grams of H2SO4 react with 5.00 grams of NaOH, what is the theoretical yield
of water, in grams? Given: __H2SO4(aq) + __NaOH(aq) → __H2O(l) + __Na2SO4(aq)
(H2SO4(aq) = 98.0 g NaOH= 40.0 g)

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 1
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7. If 57 g of Ca(OH)2 reacts with 46g of HCl: __Ca(OH)2 + __HCl → __CaCl2 + __H2O


(a) Which one is the limiting reagent?
(b) How many grams of the other reactant are left over?
(c) How many grams of CaCl2 are formed if the reaction goes to completion?

8. A 3.50 g sample of ammonia is brought to react with 6.0 g of oxygen gas:


__NH3 +__ O2 → __NO + __H2O
(a) Which is the limiting reagent?
(b) How much excess reactant in grams remaining after the reaction has stopped
(c) What is the mass of water produced in the reaction?
(d) What is the percentage yield of the reaction, if the amount of NO formed in 3.825
g?
(e) What is the degree of completion of the reaction?
(f) What is the percent conversion of O2?
(g) What is the percent conversion of NH3?

Note:
𝑎𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑡𝑜 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡
𝐷𝑒𝑔𝑟𝑒𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡
𝑥 100

𝑎𝑚𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑡𝑜 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡


% 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡 = 𝑥 100
𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑚𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑡

9. Ammonium sulphate is used as fertilizer. One of the methods of manufacturing the


compound is by the following sequence of reactions in water:
__NH3 + __H2O + __CO2 → __ (NH4)2CO3
__ (NH4)2CO3 + __CaSO4 → __ (NH4)2SO4 + __CaCO3
(a) What mass of ammonia (NH3) in kilograms must be used to produce 1000 kg of
(NH4)2SO4?
(b) What volume of CO2 (in m3) at 25oC and 75 mmHg required for the complete
reaction of NH3?
10. Industrially, nitric acid is produced by the Ostwald process by the following reactions:
__ NH3 + __ O2 → __ NO + __ H2O
__ NO + __ O2 → __ NO2
__ NO2 + __ H2O → __ HNO3 + __ HNO2
(a) What mass of ammonia (NH3) in grams supplied to produce 5000 g nitric acid (HNO3),
assuming 80 % yield in each step
(b) What volume of oxygen gas in litres at 30 oC and 1 atm required if the oxidation of NH3
and NO goes to completion?

Did you achieve our goal?


Goal: To properly calculate the amount of one substance equal to a given amount of
another substance within a chemical reaction using the factor-label approach. Circle your
answer
1 2 3 4
Feeling VERY Not sure that I get I think I am catching Doing great! Bring it
confused this on on

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 2