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Series ONS SET-2

·¤æðÇU Ù´.
Code No. 55/2/E
ÚUæðÜ Ù´. ÂÚUèÿææÍèü ·¤æðÇU ·¤æ𠩞æÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ·ð¤ ×é¹-ÂëcÆU
Roll No. ÂÚU ¥ßàØ çܹð´Ð
Candidates must write the Code on the
title page of the answer-book.

· ·ë¤ÂØæ Áæ¡¿ ·¤ÚU Üð´ ç·¤ §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ ×éçÎýÌ ÂëcÆU 16 ãñ´Ð
· ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ ÎæçãÙð ãæÍ ·¤è ¥æðÚU çΰ »° ·¤æðÇU ِÕÚU ·¤æð ÀUæ˜æ ©žæÚU-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ·ð¤ ×é¹-ÂëcÆU ÂÚU çܹð´Ð
· ·ë¤ÂØæ Áæ¡¿ ·¤ÚU Üð´ ç·¤ §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ 26 ÂýàÙ ãñ´Ð
· ·ë¤ÂØæ ÂýàÙ ·¤æ ©žæÚU çܹÙæ àæéM¤ ·¤ÚUÙð âð ÂãÜð, ÂýàÙ ·¤æ ·ý¤×æ´·¤ ¥ßàØ çܹð´Ð
· §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð ÂɸÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 15 ç×ÙÅU ·¤æ â×Ø çÎØæ »Øæ ãñÐ ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æ çßÌÚU‡æ Âêßæüq ×ð´
10.15 ÕÁð ç·¤Øæ Áæ°»æÐ 10.15 ÕÁð âð 10.30 ÕÁð Ì·¤ ÀUæ˜æ ·ð¤ßÜ ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·¤æð Âɸð´»ð ¥æñÚU §â
¥ßçÏ ·ð¤ ÎæñÚUæÙ ß𠩞æÚ-ÂéçSÌ·¤æ ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü ©žæÚU Ùãè´ çܹð´»ðÐ
· Please check that this question paper contains 16 printed pages.
· Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written
on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
· Please check that this question paper contains 26 questions.
· Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting
it.
· 15 minute time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper
will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will
read the question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer-book
during this period.

ÖæñçÌ·¤ çߙææÙ (âñhæç‹Ì·¤)


PHYSICS (Theory)

çÙÏæüçÚUÌ â×Ø Ñ 3 ƒæ‡ÅðU ¥çÏ·¤Ì× ¥´·¤ Ñ 70


Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 70

55/2/E 1 P.T.O.
âæ×æ‹Ø çÙÎðüàæ Ñ
(i) âÖè ÂýàÙ ¥çÙßæØü ãñ´Ð §â ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ ·é¤Ü 26 ÂýàÙ ãñ´Ð
(ii) §â ÂýàÙ-Â˜æ ·ð¤ 5 Öæ» ãñ´ Ñ ¹‡ÇU ¥, ¹‡ÇU Õ, ¹‡ÇU â, æ‡ÇU Î ¥æñÚU ¹‡ÇU ØÐ
(iii) ¹‡ÇU ¥ ×ð´ 5 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, ÂýˆØð·¤ ·¤æ 1 ¥´·¤ ãñÐ ¹‡ÇU Õ ×ð´ 5 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, ÂýˆØð·¤ ·ð¤ 2 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
¹‡ÇU â ×ð´ 12 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, ÂýˆØð·¤ ·ð¤ 3 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð ¹‡ÇU Î ×ð´ 4 ¥´·¤ ·¤æ °·¤ ×êËØæÏæçÚUÌ ÂýàÙ ãñ ¥æñÚU
¹‡ÇU Ø ×ð´ 3 ÂýàÙ ãñ´, ÂýˆØð·¤ ·ð¤ 5 ¥´·¤ ãñ´Ð
(iv) ÂýàÙ-˜æ ×ð´ â×»ý ÂÚU ·¤æð§ü çß·¤Ë Ùãè´ ãñÐ ÌÍæçÂ, Îæð ¥´·¤æð´ ßæÜð °·¤ ÂýàÙ ×ð´, ÌèÙ ¥´·¤æð´ ßæÜð
°·¤ ÂýàÙ ×ð´ ¥æñÚU Âæ¡¿ ¥´·¤æð´ ßæÜð ÌèÙæð´ ÂýàÙæð´ ×ð´ ¥æ‹ÌçÚU·¤ ¿ØÙ ÂýÎæÙ ç·¤Øæ »Øæ ãñÐ °ðâð ÂýàÙæð´
×𴠥淤æð çΰ »° ¿ØÙ ×ð´ âð ·ð¤ßÜ °·¤ ÂýàÙ ãè ·¤ÚUÙæ ãñÐ
(v) Áãæ¡ ¥æßàØ·¤ ãæð ¥æ çِÙçÜç¹Ì ÖæñçÌ·¤ çÙØÌæ´·¤æð´ ·ð¤ ×æÙæð´ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ·¤ÚU â·¤Ìð ãñ´ Ñ
c533108 m/s

h56.63310234 Js

e51.6310219 C

mo54p31027 T m A21

eo58.854310212 C2 N21 m22

1
5 93 109 N m2 C22
4peo

§Üð€ÅþUæòÙ ·¤æ ÎýÃØ×æÙ 5 9.1310231 kg

‹ØêÅþUæòÙ ·¤æ ÎýÃØ×æÙ 5 1.675310227 kg


ÂýæðÅUæòÙ ·¤æ ÎýÃØ×æÙ5 1.673310227 kg
¥æßæð»æÎýæð ⴁØæ 5 6.02331023 ÂýçÌ »ýæ× ×æðÜ
ÕæðËÅ÷U$Á×æÙ çÙØÌæ´·¤5 1.38310223 JK21

55/2/E 2
General Instructions :

(i) All questions are compulsory. There are 26 questions in all.

(ii) This question paper has five sections : Section A, Section B, Section C, Section D
and Section E.

(iii) Section A contains five questions of one mark each, Section B contains five questions
of two marks each, Section C contains twelve questions of three marks each,
Section D contains one value based question of four marks and Section E contains
three questions of five marks each.

(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one
question of two marks, one question of three marks and all the three questions of
five marks weightage. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.

(v) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary.

c533108 m/s

h56.63310234 Js

e51.6310219 C

mo54p31027 T m A21

eo58.854310212 C2 N21 m22

1
5 93 109 N m2 C22
4peo

Mass of electron 5 9.1310231 kg

Mass of neutron 5 1.675310227 kg

Mass of proton 5 1.673310227 kg

Avogadro’s number 5 6.02331023 per gram mole

Boltzmann constant 5 1.38310223 JK21

55/2/E 3 P.T.O.
¹‡ÇU - ¥

SECTION - A

1. ç·¤âè ¿æÜ·¤ ·¤è ¿æÜ·¤Ìæ ·¤æð ÂçÚUÖæçáÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð Øã ç·¤Ù ·¤æÚU·¤æð´ ÂÚU çÙÖüÚU ·¤ÚUÌè ãñ? 1

Define the term conductivity of a conductor. On what factors does it depend ?

2. Îæð çâ‚ÙÜæð´ A ¥æñÚU B ·¤æð ç·¤âè NOR »ðÅU ·ð¤ çÙßðàææð´ ·ð¤ M¤Â ×ð´ ©ÂØæð» ç·¤Øæ »Øæ ãñÐ çÙ»üÌ 1
ÌÚ´U»M¤Â ¹è´ç¿°Ð

Two signals A and B are used as inputs of a NOR gate. Draw the output wave
form.

55/2/E 4
3. ·¤æð§ü a.c. dæðÌ çÁâ·¤è ßæðËÅUÌæ V5Vosin vt ãñ, ·¤æð ç·¤âè ¥æÎàæü ÂýðÚU·¤ âð â´ØæðçÁÌ ç·¤Øæ »Øæ 1
ãñÐ ßæðËÅUÌæ V ¥æñÚU ÏæÚUæ i ·¤æ vt ·ð¤ âæÍ çß¿ÚU‡æ ÎàææüÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° »ýæȤ ¹è´ç¿°Ð
An a.c. source of voltage V5Vo sin vt is connected to an ideal inductor. Draw
graphs of voltage V and current i versus vt.

4. ÃØæØæ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ SÍæØè ¥ßSÍæ ×ð´ ç·¤âè ¥æÎàæü â´ÏæçÚU˜æ ·¤æð a.c. dæðÌ âð â´ØæðçÁÌ ·¤ÚUÙð 1
ÂÚU ÏæÚUæ ÂýßæçãÌ ãæðÌè ãñ, ÂÚU‹Ìé d.c. dæðÌ âð â´ØæðçÁÌ ·¤ÚUÙð ·¤æð§ü ÏæÚUæ ÂýßæçãÌ Ùãè´ ãæðÌèÐ
Explain why current flows through an ideal capacitor when it is connected to
an a.c. source but not when it is connected to a d.c. source in a steady
state.

5. Îæð ÂæðÅUñç‹àæØæð×èÅUÚUæð´ P ¥æñÚU Q ·ð¤ ÌæÚUæð´ ·ð¤ Âý·¤ÚU‡æ ×ð´ ܐÕæ§ü l ·ð¤ âæÍ çßÖßæ‹ÌÚU ·ð¤ çß¿ÚU‡æ 1
Ùè¿ð çΰ ¥ÙéâæÚU ãñ´Ð Îæð ÂýæÍç×·¤ âðÜæð´ ·¤è emf ·¤è ÌéÜÙæ ·¤ÚUÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° §Ù×ð´ âð ¥æ 緤âð
ÂýæÍç×·¤Ìæ Îð´»ð ¥æñÚU €Øæð´?

The variation of potential difference V with length l in case of two potentiometers


wires P and Q is as shown. Which one of these will you prefer for comparing
emfs of two primary cells and why ?

55/2/E 5 P.T.O.
¹‡ÇU - Õ
SECTION - B

6. (i) ¥ßÚU€Ì ÌÚ´U»ð´ ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ©ˆÂ‹Ù ãæðÌè ãñ´? §Ù·¤æ °·¤ ×ãˆßÂê‡æü ©ÂØæð» çÜç¹°Ð 2
(ii) â×ÌæÂׇÇUÜ ·ð¤ àæèáü ÂÚU ¥æð$ÁæðÙ ·¤è ÂÌÜè ÂÚUÌ ×æÙß ·¤è ©žæÚUÁèçßÌæ ·ð¤ çÜ°
çهææüØ·¤ ãñÐ €Øæð´?
(i) How are infrared waves produced ? Write their one important use.
(ii) The thin Ozone layer on top of the stratosphere is crucial for human
survival. Why ?

7. ·¤æð§ü ãæ§ÇþUæðÁÙ ÂÚU×æ‡æé Áæð ¥ÂÙè çِÙÌ× ¥ßSÍæ ×ð´ ãñ, ç·¤âè ȤæðÅUæòÙ ·¤æ ¥ßàææðá‡æ ·¤ÚU·ð¤ 2
12.5 eV ª¤Áæü ·¤è ©žæðçÁÌ ¥ßSÍæ ×ð´ ¥æ ÁæÌæ ãñÐ ©ˆâçÁüÌ çßç·¤ÚU‡æ ·¤è ÎèƒæüÌ× ÌÚ´U»ÎñƒØü
ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ° ¥æñÚU ©â Ÿæð‡æè ·¤æð Âã¿æçÙ° çÁââð ßã â´Õ´çÏÌ ãñÐ (çÚUÇUÕ»ü çÙØÌæ´·¤
R51.13107 m21 ÜèçÁ°)
¥Íßæ
ÕæðÚU ·ð¤ ÂÚU×æ‡æé ×æòÇUÜ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ·¤ÚU·ð¤ ÂýÍ× ©žæðçÁÌ ¥ßSÍæ ×ð´ §Üð€ÅþUæòÙ ·¤è ¿æÜ ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ
·¤èçÁ°Ð
A hydrogen atom initially in its ground state absorbs a photon and is in the
excited state with energy 12.5 eV. Calculate the longest wavelength of the
radiation emitted and identify the series to which it belongs. [Take Rydberg
constant R51.13107 m21]
OR
Use Bohr model of hydrogen atom to calculate the speed of the electron in the
first excited state.

8. ç·¤âè °·¤â×æÙ çßléÌ ÿæð˜æ E ×ð´ ç·¤âè çm-Ïýéß ·¤æð ·¤æð‡æ u0 âð u1 Ì·¤ ƒæê‡æüÙ ·¤ÚUæÙð ×ð´ ç·¤° 2
»° ·¤æØü ·ð¤ çÜ° ÃØ´Á·¤ ÃØéˆÂ‹Ù ·¤èçÁ°Ð
Derive an expression for the work done in rotating a dipole from the angle u0
to u1 in a uniform electric field E.

9. »ç‡æÌèØ çßçÏ mæÚUæ Îàææü§° ç·¤ ãæ§ÇþUæðÁÙ ÂÚU×æ‡æé ×ð´ ·¤ÿæèØ ·¤æð‡æèØ â´ß𻠷𤠀ßæ‹ÅUè·¤ÚU‡æ ·ð¤ 2
ÕæðÚU ·ð¤ ¥çÖ»ëãèÌ ·¤è ÃØæØæ Îð Õýæ‚Üè ÂçÚU·¤ËÂÙæ mæÚUæ ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·¤è »Øè ãñ?
Show mathematically how Bohr’s postulate of quantization of orbital angular
momentum in hydrogen atom is explained by de-Broglie’s hypothesis.

10. ×æðÕæ§Ü ÅðUÜèȤæðÙè ·¤è â´·¤ËÂÙæ ·¤æ ©ËÜð¹ ·¤èçÁ° ÌÍæ §â·¤è ·¤æØüçßçÏ ·¤æ ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð 2
State the concept of mobile telephony and explain its working.

55/2/E 6
¹‡ÇU - â
SECTION - C

11. ÂçÚUÂÍ ¥æÚðU¹ ·¤è âãæØÌæ âð CE çߋØæâ ×ð´ npn ÅþUæ´çÁSÅUÚU ·¤è ¥‹ÌÚU‡æ ç·ý¤Øæ ·¤è â´ÿæð ×ð´ 3

ÃØæØæ ·¤èçÁ°Ð çÙ»üÌ ¥æñÚU çÙßðàæ ¥çÖÜæÿæç‡æ·¤æð´ ·¤è ÂýM¤Âè ¥æ·ë¤çÌØæ´ ¹è´ç¿°Ð
Explain briefly, with the help of a circuit diagram, the transistor action of npn
transistor in CE configuration. Draw the typical shapes of input and output
characteristics.

12. Ùè¿ð çΰ »° ÂçÚUÂÍ ×ð´ çՋÎé A ¥æñÚU B ·ð¤ Õè¿ ÌéËØ-ÏæçÚUÌæ ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð ØçÎ 3
A ¥æñÚU B ·ð¤ Õè¿ 10 V ·¤è ÕñÅUÚUè â´ØæðçÁÌ ·¤ÚU Îè Áæ°, Ìæð ÂçÚUÂÍ mæÚUæ ÕñÅUÚUè âð çÜØæ »Øæ
¥æßðàæ ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

Calculate the equivalent capacitance between points A and B in the circuit


below. If a battery of 10 V is connected across A and B, calculate the charge
drawn from the battery by the circuit.

13. ç·¤âè »ñËßñÙæð×èÅUÚU ·¤æð ¥×èÅUÚU ÌÍæ ßæðËÅU×èÅUÚU ×ð´ ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ÂçÚUßçÌüÌ ç·¤Øæ ÁæÌæ ãñ? 3
Âýæâ´ç»·¤ ¥æÚðU¹ ¹è´ç¿° ÌÍæ ÂýˆØð·¤ Âý·¤ÚU‡æ ×ð´ ÃØßSÍæ ·¤æ ÂýçÌÚUæðÏ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð »ñËßñÙæð×èÅUÚU
·¤æ ÂýçÌÚUæðÏ G ÜèçÁ°Ð
How is a galvanometer converted into a voltmeter and an ammeter ? Draw
the relevant diagrams and find the resistance of the arrangement in each case.
Take resistance of galvanometer as G.

55/2/E 7 P.T.O.
14. (i) Âê‡æü ¥æ‹ÌçÚU·¤ ÂÚUæßÌüÙ €Øæ ãæðÌæ ãñ? Øã ç·¤Ù ¥æßàØ·¤ àæÌæðZ ×𴠃æçÅUÌ ãæðÌæ ãñ? 3

(ii) ·ý¤æ´çÌ·¤ ·¤æð‡æ ¥æñÚU ¥ÂßÌüÙæ´·¤ ·ð¤ Õè¿ â´Õ´Ï ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(iii) °·¤ ÂçÚUƒæÅUÙæ çÜç¹° çÁâ×ð´ Âê‡æü ¥æ‹ÌçÚU·¤ ÂÚUæßÌüÙ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ãæðÌæ ãñÐ
(i) What is total internal reflection ? Under what conditions does it occur ?
(ii) Find a relation between critical angle and refractive index.
(iii) Name one phenomenon which is based on total internal reflection.

15. ç˜æ’Øæ R ·ð¤ ç·¤âè ÏæÌé ·ð¤ ÂÌÜð »æðÜèØ ¹æðÜ ·ð¤ ÂëcÆU ÂÚU ¥æßðàæ Q çßl×æÙ ãñÐ ¥æÚðU¹ ×ð´ 3
Îàææü° ¥ÙéâæÚU §â ¹æðÜ ·ð¤ ·ð¤‹Îý C ÂÚU ¥æßðàæ Q/2 ÌÍæ §â ¹æðÜ âð ÕæãÚU ÎêÚUè x ÂÚU çSÍÌ
çՋÎé A ÂÚU 12Q ¥æßðàæ çSÍÌ ãñÐ
(i) ¹æðÜ âð »éÁÚUÙð ßæÜæ Ü€â ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(ii) ©ÂØæð» ·¤è ÁæÙð ßæÜæ çÙØ× çÜç¹°Ð
(iii) ¹æðÜ ·ð¤ ·ð¤‹Îý C ÌÍæ çՋÎé A ÂÚU çSÍÌ ¥æßðàææð´ ÂÚU ÕÜ ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð

A thin metallic spherical shell of radius R carries a charge Q on its surface. A


point charge Q/2 is placed at the centre C and another charge 12Q is placed
outside the shell at A at a distance x from the centre as shown in the figure.
(i) Find the electric flux through the shell.
(ii) State the law used.
(iii) Find the force on the charges at the centre C of the shell and at the
point A.

55/2/E 8
16. (a) ÂÚUæßÌèü ÎêÚUÎàæü·¤ ·¤æ ÃØßSÍæ ¥æÚðU¹ ¹è´ç¿°Ð 3

(b) ¥ÂßÌèü ÎêÚUÎàæü·¤ ·¤è ÌéÜÙæ ×ð´ ÂÚUæßÌèü ÎêÚUÎàæü·¤ ·ð¤ ÜæÖ çÜç¹°Ð
¥Íßæ
(i) â´Øé€Ì âêÿ×Îàæèü ·¤æ ÃØßSÍæ ¥æÚðU¹ ©â Âý·¤ÚU‡æ ·ð¤ çÜ° ¹è´ç¿° çÁâ×ð´ ¥´çÌ× ÂýçÌçՐÕ
âéSÂcÅU ÎàæüÙ ·¤è ‹ØêÙÌ× ÎêÚUè ÂÚU ÕÙÌæ ãñÐ
(ii) â´Øé€Ì âêÿ×Îàæèü ·¤è çßÖðÎÙ ÿæ×Ìæ ·ð¤ çÜ° ÃØ´Á·¤ çÜç¹°Ð ç·¤âè âêÿ×Îàæèü ·¤è
çßÖðÎÙ ÿæ×Ìæ ×ð´ ßëçh ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·¤è Áæ â·¤Ìè ãñ?
(a) Draw a schematic diagram of a reflecting telescope.
(b) State the advantages of reflecting telescope over refracting telescope.
OR
(i) Draw a schematic ray diagram of a compound microscope when image is
formed at distance of distinct vision.
(ii) Write the expression for resolving power of a compound microscope. How
can the resolving power of a microscope be increased ?

17. (i) ¥æÚðU¹ ¹è´¿·¤ÚU ȤæðÅUæðÇUæØæðÇU ·¤è ç·ý¤ØæçßçÏ ·¤æ ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð 3

(ii) çßç֋٠ÂýÎèçŒÌ - ÌèßýÌæ¥æð´ ·ð¤ çÜ° ç·¤âè ȤæðÅUæðÇUæØæðÇ ·ð¤ ¥çÖÜæÿæç‡æ·¤ ¹è´ç¿°Ð
(iii) Ølç Âà¿ ÕæØâÙ ÏæÚUæ ¥»ý ÕæØâÙ ÏæÚUæ ·¤è ÌéÜÙæ ×ð´ ¥çÌ ÎéÕüÜ ãæðÌè ãñ, ÌÍæçÂ
ȤæðÅUæðÇUæØæðÇU ·¤æ Âý¿æÜÙ Âà¿ ÕæØâÙ ×𴠀Øæð´ ç·¤Øæ ÁæÌæ ãñ?
(i) Describe the working of photodiode by drawing the circuit diagram.
(ii) Draw the characteristics of a photodiode for different illumination
intensities.
(iii) Why is photodiode operated in reverse bias even though the reverse bias
current is much weaker than the current in forward bias ?

18. a - ÿæØ ·ð¤ çÜ° 238U92 ·¤è ¥ÏæüØé 4.53109 ßáü ãñÐ 238U92 ·ð¤ 1 g Ù×êÙð ·¤è âç·ý¤ØÌæ 3
ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð (çÎØæ ãñ ¥æßæð»æÎýæð ⴁØæ 5 631026 ÂÚU×æ‡æé / ç·¤Üæð×æðÜ)
Half life of 238U 92 against a - decay is 4.5310 9 years. Calculate the
activity of 1g sample of 238U92 ? Given Avagadro’s number 5 631026 atoms/
kmol.

55/2/E 9 P.T.O.
19. (a) Ø´» ·ð¤ çmçÛæÚUè ÂýØæð» ×ð´ Îæð çÛæçÚUØæð´ ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤è ÎêÚUè 1 mm ÌÍæ ÂÎðü ·¤æð ÛæçÚUØæð´ âð 3
1 m ·¤è ÎêÚUè ÂÚU ÚU¹æ »Øæ ãñÐ 500 nm ÌÚ´U»ÎñƒØü ·ð¤ Âý·¤æàæ ·ð¤ çÜ° çÈý´¤Á-¿æñǸæ§ü
ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(b) ÂýˆØð·¤ çÛæÚUè ·¤è ¿æñǸæ§ü ç·¤ÌÙè ãæðÙè ¿æçã°, ç·¤ °·¤ÜçÛæÚUè ÂñÅUÙü ·ð¤ ·ð¤‹ÎýèØ ©ç‘¿cÆU
·ð¤ ÖèÌÚU çmçÛæÚUè ÂñÅUÙü ·ð¤ 10 ©ç‘¿cÆU ÂýæŒÌ ãæð´?
(a) In Young’s double slit experiment, two slits are 1 mm apart and the screen
is placed 1 m away from the slits. Calculate the fringe width when light
of wavelength 500 nm is used.
(b) What should be the width of each slit in order to obtain 10 maxima of
the double slits pattern within the central maximum of the single slit
pattern ?
20. ç·¤âè ÅþUæ‹âȤæò×üÚU, çÁâ×ð́ ·ý¤æðÇU ·¤è Îæð ÂëÍ·¤ ÖéÁæ¥æð́ ÂÚU Îæð ·é¤‡ÇUçÜØæ¡ ãñ́, ·¤è ÂýæÍç×·¤ ¥æñÚU 3
çmÌèØ·¤ ·é¤‡ÇUçÜØæð́ ÂÚU ÜÂðÅUÙ ·ð¤ çÜ° ¥æÚðU¹èØ ÃØßSÍæ ¹è´ç¿°Ð §â·¤æ ¥æÏæçÚUÌ çâhæ‹Ì
çÜç¹° ¥æñÚU ÂýæÍç×·¤ ¥æñÚU çmÌèØ·¤ ·é¤‡ÇUçÜØæð́ ·¤è ÜÂðÅUÙæð́ ×ð́ Èð¤ÚUæð́ ·¤è ⴁØæ ·ð¤ ÂÎæð́ ×ð́ ÂýæÍç×·¤
¥æñÚU çmÌèØ·¤ ßæðËÅUÌæ¥æð́ ·ð¤ Õè¿ â´Õ´Ï ™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð ç·¤âè ¥æÎàæü ÅUæ‹âȤæò×üÚU ·ð¤ Âý·¤ÚU‡æ ×ð́
ÂýæÍç×·¤ ¥æñÚU çmÌèØ·¤ ·é¤‡ÇUçÜØæð́ ·¤è ÏæÚUæ°¡ ßæðËÅUÌæ¥æð́ âð ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU â´Õ´çÏÌ ãæðÌè ãñ́?
Draw a schematic arrangement for winding of primary and secondary coils in
a transformer with the two coils on separate limbs of the core. State its
underlying principle and find the relation between the primary and secondary
voltages in terms of the number of turns of the primary and secondary
windings. How are the currents in the primary and secondary coils related to
the voltages in the case of an ideal transformer ?
21. GPS (‚ÜæðÕÜ Âæðç$ÁàæçÙ´» çâSÅU×) €Øæ ãæðÌæ ãñ? §â·¤è ·¤æØüçßçÏ ·¤æ çâhæ´Ì çÜç¹°Ð 3
What is Global Positioning System ? Explain its working principle in brief.
22. çΰ »° »ýæȤ ×ð´, Îæð ç֋٠ÌèßýÌæ¥æ𴠷𤠥æÂçÌÌ çßç·¤ÚU‡ææð´ ÌÍæ Îæð ç֋٠ÂÎæÍæðZ ·ð ¤çÜ°, 3
¥ÙéÂýØé€Ì ßæðËÅUÌæ (V) ¥æñÚU Âý·¤æàæ çßléÌ ÏæÚUæ (I) ·ð¤ çß¿ÚU‡æ ·¤æð ÎàææüØæ »Øæ ãñÐ ¥æ§´SÅUèÙ
·¤è Âý·¤æàæ çßléÌ â×è·¤ÚU‡æ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ·¤ÚU·ð¤ ß·ý¤æ𴠷𤠰ðâð Øé»Üæð´ ·¤æð Âã¿æçÙ° ¥æñÚU ©Ù·¤è
ÃØæØæ ·¤èçÁ°, Áæð (i) çßç֋٠ÂÎæÍæðZ, ÂÚU‹Ìé ¥æÂçÌÌ çßç·¤ÚU‡ææð´ ·¤è â×æÙ ÌèßýÌæ,
(ii) çßç֋٠ÌèßýÌæ, ÂÚU‹Ìé â×æÙ ÂÎæÍü ·ð¤ ÌÎÙéM¤Âè ãñ´Ð

55/2/E 10
The given graph shows the variation of photo-electric current(I) with the
applied voltage(V) for two different materials and for two different intensities
of the incident radiations. Identify and explain using Einstein’s photo electric
equation the pair of curves that correspond to (i) different materials but same
intensity of incident radiation, (ii) different intensities but same materials.

¹‡ÇU - Î
SECTION - D
23. çàæß ·ð¤ ¹ðÌæ𴠷𤠪¤ÂÚU ©‘¿ ßæðËÅUÌæ ÅUæòßÚU ÍæÐ ßã ¥çÏ·¤æçÚUØæð´ âð §âð ãÅUæÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° 4
çàæ·¤æØÌ ·¤ÚUÌæ ÚUãÌæ Íæ, €Øæð´ç·¤ §âÙð ©â·ð¤ ¹ðÌ ·¤è ·¤æȤè Öêç× ƒæðÚU ÚU¹è Íè, ©â·ð¤ ¿æ¿æ
Áè, Áæð çàæÿæ·¤ ãñ´, ©‹ãæð´Ùð ©âð Øã â×ÛææØæ ç·¤ àæç€Ì ·ð¤ Îÿæ â´¿ÚU‡æ ·ð¤ çÜ° §â Âý·¤æÚU ·ð¤
ÅUæòßÚU Ü»æÙæ €Øæð´ ¥æßàØ·¤ ãñ? ÁÕ çàæß ·¤æ â´Îðã ÎêÚU ãæð »Øæ ¥æñÚU ©âð §Ù ÅUæòßÚUæð´ ·¤è
©ÂØæðç»Ìæ SÂcÅU ãæð »Øè, Ìæð ©âÙð çàæ·¤æØÌ ·¤ÚUÙæ ՋΠ·¤ÚU çÎØæÐ
©ÂÚUæð€Ì »læ´àæ ·ð¤ ¥æÏæÚU ÂÚU Ùè¿ð çΰ »° ÂýàÙæ𴠷𤠩žæÚU ÎèçÁ° Ñ
(a) àæç€Ì ·¤æ â´¿ÚU‡æ ©‘¿ ßæðËÅUÌæ ÂÚU ·¤ÚUÙæ €Øæð´ ¥æßàØ·¤ ãñ?
(b) ÒÒçِ٠àæç€Ì »é‡ææ´·¤ ©‘¿ àæç€Ì-ÿæØ ·¤æð ©ÂÜçÿæÌ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐÓÓ ÃØæØæ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(c) çàæß ¥æñÚU ©â·ð¤ ¿æ¿æ Áè mæÚUæ ÂýÎçàæüÌ Îæð ×êËØ çÜç¹°Ð
Shiv had a high tension tower erected on his farm land. He kept complaining
to the authorities to remove it since it occupied a large portion of his land. His
uncle, who was a teacher, explained to him the need for erecting these towers
for efficient transmission of power. As Shiv got convinced and realized its
significance, he stopped complaining.
Based on the above paragraph, answer the following questions :
(a) Why is it necessary to transport power at high voltages ?
(b) ‘A low power factor implies large power loss’. Explain.
(c) Write the two values displayed by Shiv and his Uncle.

55/2/E 11 P.T.O.
¹‡ÇU - Ø
SECTION - E

24. (a) ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ ÂæðÜðÚUæò§ÇU ·ð¤ ÂæçÚUÌ - ¥ÿæ ·¤æ ¥çÖçߋØæâ ¿æãð ·é¤ÀU Öè ãæð, ç·¤âè 5
ÂæðÜðÚUæò§ÇU âð ÕæãÚU ¥æÙð ßæÜð Âý·¤æàæ ·¤è ÌèßýÌæ ×ð´ ·¤æð§ü ÂçÚUßÌüÙ Ùãè´ ãæðÌæÐ
(b) ©ÂØé€Ì ¥æÚðU¹ mæÚUæ ©â àæÌü ·¤æð çÜç¹°, çÁâ×ð´ Îæð ÂæÚUÎàæèü ×æŠØ×æð´ ·¤è âè×æ ÚðU¹æ
ÂÚU ¥æÂçÌÌ ¥ÏýéçßÌ Âý·¤æàæ, ÏýéçßÌ ãæð ÁæÌæ ãñÐ â´ÿæð ×ð´ ߇æüÙ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
§â Âý·¤æÚU, Øã Îàææü§° ç·¤ ¥æÂÌÙ ·¤æð‡æ ‘ib’ ¥æñÚU ¥ÂßÌüÙæ´·¤ m ·ð¤ Õè¿ â´Õ´Ï,
m5tan ib ãæðÌæ ãñÐ
¥Íßæ
(a) 翘æ ×ð´ Îàææü° ¥ÙéâæÚU n1 ¥æñÚU n2 ¥ÂßÌüÙæ´·¤æð´ ·ð¤ Îæð ×æŠØ×æð´ ·¤æð ÂëÍ·¤ ·¤ÚUÙð ßæÜð R
ß·ý¤Ìæ ç˜æ’Øæ ·ð¤ ç·¤âè »æðÜèØ ÂëcÆU mæÚUæ §â·ð¤ ×éØ ¥ÿæ ÂÚU çSÍÌ ç·¤âè çՋÎéç·¤Ì
çÕÕ O ·¤æ ÂýçÌçÕÕ ‘I’ ÕÙÌæ ãñÐ Øã çSæh ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤ Ñ
n2 n n 2 n1
2 1 5 2
v u R

(b) §â ÃØ´Á·¤ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð» ·¤ÚU·ð¤ Üð´â ×ð·¤ÚU âê˜æ ÃØéˆÂ‹Ù ·¤èçÁ°Ð ¥æßàØ·¤ ç·¤ÚU‡æ ¥æÚðU¹
¹è´ç¿°Ð
(c) ·¤æð§ü ©žæÜ Üð´â ç·¤âè â×ÌÜ ÎÂü‡æ ÂÚU çSÍÌ ãñÐ ¥Õ ç·¤âè çÂÙ ·¤æð §â Âý·¤æÚU ÚU¹æ
ÁæÌæ ãñ, ç·¤ çÂÙ ¥æñÚU Üð´â-ÎÂü‡æ ·ð¤ â´ØæðÁÙ mæÚUæ ÕÙð çÂÙ ·ð¤ ÂýçÌçÕÕ ·ð¤ Õè¿ ·¤æð§ü
ܐÕÙ (ÂñÚðUÜñ€â) Ù ãæðÐ ¥æ §â Âýðÿæ‡æ ·¤æ ©ÂØæð», ©žæÜ Üð´â ·¤è Ȥæð·¤â ÎêÚUè ™ææÌ
·¤ÚUÙð ×ð´, ç·¤â Âý·¤æÚU ·¤Úð´U»ð? â´ÿæð ×ð´ ÃØæØæ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(a) Explain why the intensity of light coming out of a polaroid does not
change irrespective of the orientation of the pass axis of the polaroid.
(b) State, using a proper diagram, the condition when unpolarized light
incident on the boundary between two transparent media produces
polarised light. Explain briefly.
Hence show that the angle of incidence ‘ib’ is related to the refractive index
m by the relation, m5tan ib.

55/2/E 12
OR
(a) A point object O on the principle axis of a spherical surface of radius of
curvature R separating two media of refractive indices n1 and n2 forms
an image ‘I’ as shown in the figure.
Prove that

n2 n n 2 n1
2 1 5 2
v u R

(b) Use this expression to derive lens maker’s formula. Draw the necessary
diagram.
(c) A convex lens is placed over a plane mirror. A pin is now positioned so
that there is no parallax between the pin and its image formed by this
lens-mirror combination. How will you use this observation to find focal
length of the lens ? Explain briefly.

25. (i) ×èÅUÚU çÕýÁ ·¤è ç·ý¤Øæ çßçÏ ·¤æ çâhæ‹Ì çÜç¹°Ð ×èÅUÚU çÕýÁ mæÚUæ ç·¤âè ¥™ææÌ 5
ÂýçÌÚUæðÏ ·¤æð ™ææÌ ·¤ÚUÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° ÂçÚUÂÍ ¥æÚðU¹ ¹è´ç¿°Ð ©ÂØæð» ç·¤Øæ ÁæÙð ßæÜæ
Âýæâ´ç»·¤ âê˜æ ÃØéˆÂ‹Ù ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(ii) R ¥æñÚU S ¥‹ÌÚUæÜæ´ð ßæÜð ç·¤âè ×èÅUÚU çÕýÁ ×ð´ àæê‹Ø çßÿæð çSÍçÌ A âð 40 cm ÎêÚUè ÂÚU
ÂýæŒÌ ãæðÌè ãñÐ ØçÎ ÂýçÌÚUæðÏ S ·ð¤ Âæàßü ×ð´ ·¤æð§ü 30 V ·¤æ ÂýçÌÚUæðÏ â´ØæðçÁÌ ·¤ÚU çÎØæ
Áæ°, Ìæð àæê‹Ø çßÿæð çSÍçÌ A âð 50 cm ÎêÚUè ÂÚU ÂýæŒÌ ãæðÌè ãñÐ R ¥æñÚU S ·ð¤ ×æÙ ™ææÌ
·¤èçÁ°Ð

55/2/E 13 P.T.O.
¥Íßæ
→ →
(a) °·¤â×æÙ çßléÌ ÿæð˜æ E ×ð´ çSÍÌ çmÏýéß ¥æƒæê‡æü p ßæÜð ç·¤âè çmÏýéß ÂÚU ·¤æØüÚUÌ
ÕÜ ¥æƒæê‡æü ·ð¤ çÜ° ÃØ´Á·¤ ÃØéˆÂ‹Ù ·¤èçÁ°Ð âçÎàæ M¤Â ×ð´ çܹÌð ãé°, ÕÜ
¥æƒæê‡æü ·¤è çÎàææ ·¤æ 翘æ‡æ ·¤èçÁ°Ð §âð âçÎàæ M¤Â ×ð´ ¥çÖÃØ€Ì ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(b) Øã Îàææü§° ç·¤ ÿæð˜æ ·¤è çÎàææ âð ·¤æð‡æ u ÕÙæÌð ãé° ç·¤âè çmÏýéß ·¤è çSÍçÌÁ ª¤Áæü
→ →
â´Õ´Ï u(u)52p . E mæÚUæ ÃØ€Ì ·¤è ÁæÌè ãñÐ §â Âý·¤æÚU, §âð §â·¤è ¥SÍæØè
â´ÌéÜÙ ·¤è çSÍçÌ âð SÍæØè â´ÌéÜÙ ·¤è çSÍçÌ ×𴠃æê‡æüÙ ·¤ÚUæÙð ×ð´ ç·¤Øæ »Øæ ·¤æØü
™ææÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(i) State the principle of working of a meter bridge. Draw the circuit diagram
for finding an unknown resistance using a meter bridge. Derive the
relevant formula used.
(ii) In a meter bridge with R and S in the gaps, the null point is found at
40 cm from A. If a resistance of 30 V is connected in parallel with S, the
null point occurs at 50 cm from A. Determine the values of R and S.

OR
(a) Deduce the expression for the torque acting on a dipole of dipole
→ →
moment p placed in a uniform electricfield E . Depict the direction
of the torque. Express it in the vector form.
(b) Show that the potential energy of a dipole making angle u with the
→ →
direction of the field is given by u(u)52p . E . Hence find out the
amount of work done in rotating it from the position of unstable
equilibrium to the stable equilibrium.

55/2/E 14
26. (i) â槀ÜæðÅþUæòÙ ·¤æ Ùæ×æ´ç·¤Ì ¥æÚðU¹ ¹è´ç¿°Ð 5

(ii) Øã Îàææü§° ç·¤ â槀ÜæðÅþUæòÙ ×ð´ ¥æØÙæð´ ·¤æ ¥æßÌü·¤æÜ ¥æØÙ ·¤è ¿æÜ ¥æñÚU ßëžæèØ ÂÍ
·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ÂÚU çÙÖüÚU Ùãè´ ·¤ÚUÌæÐ §â »é‡æ ·¤æ €Øæ ×ãˆß ãñ?
(iii) ·¤æð§ü §Üð€ÅþUæòÙ 100 V çßÖßæ‹ÌÚU Ì·¤ ˆßçÚUÌ ãæðÙð ·ð¤ Âà¿æÌ 0.004 T ·ð¤ °·¤â×æÙ
¿éÕ·¤èØ ÿæð˜æ ×ð´, Áæð §â·¤è »çÌ ·¤è çÎàææ ·ð¤ ܐÕßÌ ãñ, Âýßðàæ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ §Üð€ÅþUæòÙ
·ð¤ ßëžæèØ ÂÍ ·¤è ç˜æ’Øæ ÂçÚU·¤çÜÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
¥Íßæ
(i) Îæð âèÏð, ܐÕð, â×æ‹ÌÚU ¿æÜ·¤æð´, çÁÙâð I1 ¥æñÚU I2 ·¤è SÍæØè ÏæÚUæ°¡ â×æÙ çÎàææ ×ð´
ÂýßæçãÌ ãæð ÚUãè ãñ´, ·ð¤ ·¤æÚU‡æ ¿éÕ·¤èØ ÿæð˜æ ÚðU¹æ°´ ¹è´ç¿°Ð
(ii) °·¤ ¿æÜ·¤ ·ð¤ mæÚUæ ÎêâÚðU ¿æÜ·¤ ÂÚU ©ˆÂ‹Ù ¿éÕ·¤èØ ÿæð˜æ ·ð¤ çÜ° ÃØ´Á·¤ çÜç¹°Ð
ÂýçÌ °·¤æ´·¤ ܐÕæ§ü ÂÚU ÕÜ ·ð¤ çÜ° ÃØ´Á·¤ ÃØéˆÂ‹Ù ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(iii) §â ÕÜ ·¤è çÎàææ çÙÏæüçÚUÌ ·¤èçÁ°Ð
(iv) Ùè¿ð Îàææü° ¥æÚðU¹ ×ð´, ÌæÚU PQ çSÍÚU ãñ, ÁÕç·¤ ß»æü·¤æÚU Âæàæ ABCD, §Ùâð ÂýßæçãÌ
ÏæÚUæ¥æ𴠷𤠷¤æÚU‡æ, »çÌ ·¤ÚUÙð ·ð¤ çÜ° SßÌ´˜æ ãñÐ ·¤æÚU‡æ âçãÌ Øã ©ËÜð¹ ·¤èçÁ° ç·¤
Âæàæ ç·¤â çÎàææ ×ð´ »çÌ ¥Íßæ ƒæê‡æüÙ ·¤ÚUÙæ ¥æÚUÖ ·¤ÚUÌæ ãñÐ

(i) Draw a neat labeled diagram of a cyclotron.


(ii) Show that time period of ions in cyclotron is independent of both the speed
of ion and radius of circular path. What is the significance of this
property ?
(iii) An electron after being accelerated through a potential difference of
100 V enters a uniform magnetic field of 0.004 T perpendicular to its
direction of motion. Calculate the radius of the path described by the
electron.

55/2/E 15 P.T.O.
OR
(i) Depict magnetic field lines due to two straight, long, parallel conductors
carrying steady currents I1 and I2 in the same direction.
(ii) Write the expression for the magnetic field produced by one of the
conductor over the other. Deduce an expression for the force per unit
length.
(iii) Determine the direction of this force.
(iv) In figure given below, wire PQ is fixed while the square loop ABCD is
free to move under the influence of currents flowing in them. State with
reason, in which direction does the loop begin to move or rotate ?

55/2/E 16