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Department of Education

Division of Bohol
SAN ROQUE NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Alburquerque, Bohol
2nd Semester, S.Y.: 2018-2019
DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION

Name: Gr. 11- Date: Score: / 60


I. MULTIPLE CHOICE: Read the following questions or statements below and write your answer on the space provided before each number.

1. Which of the following does not indicate a landslide?


a. earlier landslides c. soil changing in color
b. water moving in a different direction d. things moving like J-curved trees
2. Which of the following does not indicate the presence of a sinkhole in your community?
a. cracked tiles c. foundations that slant
b. dead patches of grass or plants d. small ponds
3. Which of the following is not a characteristic of lahars?
a. Lahars are a specific kind of mudflow. c. Lahars can occur with or without a volcanic eruption.
b. Lahars are made of volcanic debris. d. Lahars are slow-moving.
4. Which of the following is not a characteristic of an ash fall?
a. Ash fall contains hot lava blocks. c. Ash fall contains volcanic glass.
b. Ash fall contains pulverized rocks. d. Ash fall contains volcanic ash.
5. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a cyclone?
a. The center of a cyclone is called the “Eye”. c. Cyclones move in a counter-clockwise direction.
b. A cyclone is classified as a hydrologic hazard. d. Cyclones contain strong winds with heavy rainfall.
For numbers 6-10:
a. landslides b. la niña c. ash fall d. el niño
e. lava flows f. sinkholes g. pyroclastic flows h. ballistic projectiles
f. wily-wily g. cyclones h. thunderstorms i. lahars j. volcanic
gases

6. This refers to the massive outward and downward movement of slope-forming materials. This also refers to the movements of
rocks and soil masses.
7. This occurs when the sun’s warmth has heated a large body of moist air near the ground.
8. This is formed during explosive volcanic eruptions when dissolved gasses in magma expand and escape violently into the
atmosphere. This contains fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass.
9. A typhoon is also called as a in Asutralia.
10. A typhoon is also called as a in Sri Lanka.
11. This refers to underground holes that stays intact for a while until it gets too big due to dissolution of limestone, carbonate
rock, salt beds, or rocks.
12. This contains a high-density mix of hot lava blocks, pumice, ash and volcanic gas. They move at very high speed down
volcanic slopes, typically following valleys.
13. This is referred to as the cold phase of ENSO.
14. These are streams of molten rocks that pour or ooze from an erupting vent. This is erupted during either non-explosive activity
or explosive lava fountains.
15. This volcanic hazard moves rapidly and picks up other materials as they travel.

1. These are natural phenomena that cause major problems all over the world. An example of this hazard is landslide.
2.
3. This rapid flooding occurs after the collapse of a natural ice or debris dam, or a human structure such as a man-made
dam.
4. What kind of sinkhole is observed in the image below?

5. What kind of sinkhole is observed in the image below?


6. What kind of sinkhole is observed in the image below?

7. These are processes or phenomena of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature that may cause loss of life,
injury or other health impacts, property damages, loss of livelihood, etc.
8. This is an intense low pressure system which is characterized by strong spiral winds towards the center, called the
“Eye”.
9.
10. This is described as a violently rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground. This comes in the
form of a visible condensation funnel whose narrow end touches the earth.
11. This refers to the funnel-like formation of clouds which hasn’t reached the ground yet.
12. This is the rapid flooding if geomorphic low-lying areas like washes, rivers, dry lakes and basins.
13. This refers to the inundation of land areas which are not normally covered by water.
14. This refers to underground holes that stays intact for a while until it gets too big due to dissolution of limestone,
carbonate rock, salt beds, or rocks.
15. This refers to the rise of seawater above normal sea level on the coast, generated by the action of weather elements,
such as cyclonic wind and atmospheric pressure.
16.
17. This refers to the warm phase of ENSO.
18. This is a specific kind of mudflow made up of volcanic debris.
19. This refers to the most advanced technology used in monitoring a cyclone or typhoon. This can visualize exactly in real
time the formation and the path of a cyclone.
20. This instrument works by detecting the presence and location of an object by bouncing a radio wave off of it and
detecting the time it takes for the signal to return.
21. RADAR stands for
22. This is a weather condition that produces lightning and thunder, heavy rainfall from cumulonimbus clouds and possibly a
tornado.
23.
24. This contains dissolved gases, which provide the driving force that causes most volcanic eruptions.
25.
26. These are rocks that an erupting volcano may hurl into the air. These events may occur without warning and in the
absence of a larger magmatic eruption.

II. TRUE OR FALSE: Write TRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE otherwise. If FALSE, write the correct answer.
(20 pts.)
1. One sign of an impending landslide are earlier landslides.
2. A patch of angled forest on a slope or J-curved trees somewhere can be a good indicator that the ground is less
solid than it seems.
3. Well water that is discolored or contaminated with debris is an early sign of a sinkhole.
4. Cyclone is the term used in the United States.
5. Typhoon is the term used in the Philippines and Bangladesh.
6. Wily-wily is the term used in Australia.
7. Hurricane is the term used in India and Sri Lanka.
Page 61 sinkhole true or false
9. El Niño and La Niña episodes typically last 6-9 months.
10. To survive an ash fall, it is best to cover your nose and mouth with a damp cloth for lesser dust absorption.
III.
1. Describe the appropriate position during a lightning storm.

2. Describe the appropriate measures to be done during a landslide.

3. Describe the appropriate position when caught in a tornado.