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# Estimation of drying shrinkage Introduction

## C660 - Estimation of drying shrinkage according to EN1992-1-1

This calculator estimates the drying shrinkage using the expressions and relationships given in EN1992-1-1, Section 3.1.4
The method is described in detail in Appendix A3

## Strength class This is selected from a drop-down menu.

Concrete mix details
Cement class Three options are available from a drop-down menu S (slow), N (normal) and R (rapid).

Ambient conditions Relative humidity % The average relative humidity over the period considered.

Nominal unrestrained drying shrinkage εcd,0 The ultimate drying shrinkage achievable for the combination of concrete type and relative humidity.

Section thickness mm

Exposed faces In most cases drying will be from either one of two of the faces. These options are given

The notional thickness h0 = Ac/u where Ac is the concrete cross sectional area and u is the perimeter of that part
Section geometry of the concrete that is exposed to drying. For walls or slabs the thickness h is normally small in relation to the
Notional thickness h0 mm
other dimensions and h0 approximates to h when drying is from both faces and 2h when drying is from one face
only.

## Coefficient kh kh is a function of h0 and is given in Table 3.3 of EN1992-1-1.

Ultimate drying shrinkage = kh εcd,0 The ultimate drying shrinkage achievable for the combination of concrete type, relative humidity and notional
section thickness.
End of curing period ts days It is assumed that shrinkage begins at the end of the curing period.
The time function βds( t, ts) = (t - ts)/{(t - ts) + 0.04√ho3}. EN1992-1-1 notes that the estimated value of drying
Drying shrinkage at time t, εcd(t)= βds(t,ts) kh εcd,0
shrinkage has an expected coefficient of variation of 30 per cent.

## CIRIA C660 PAGE 1

Estimation of drying shrinkage Calculator

## EN1992-1-1 Estimation of drying shrinkage

Cells for input data

## Strength class C30/37 MPa

Cement class N
Average ambient relative humidity 60 %
Nominal unrestrained drying shrinkage εcd,0 432 microstrain
Section thickness 400 mm
Number of exposed faces 1
Notional size h0 500 mm
Coefficient, kh 0.70
Ultimate drying shrinkage 302 microstrain
End of curing period 3 days
Drying shrinkage at 365 days 135 microstrain

350

300
Shrinkage (microstrain)

250

200

150

100

50

0
1.0000 10.0000 100.0000 1000.0000 10000.0000 100000.0000
Time (days) - log scale