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CHAPTER 1 TRANSPORT FORM 5

SECTION A

1. Diagram 1.1 shows two types of blood vessels X and Y.

Diagram 1.1

(a)(i) Name structure X and Y

X : _________________________________________

Y : _________________________________________
(2 marks)

(ii) Explain why blood vessel Y has thicker wall than blood vessel X.

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(1 mark)

(iii) Explain why blood vessel X has valve.

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(1 mark)

(b) High cholesterol level in blood causes the cholesterol to be deposited and form plaque in blood vessel
Y. Name the disease caused by deposition of cholesterol and explain the effects towards to health of
an individual.

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(3 marks)
(c) Diagram 1.2 (a) shows a person with a cut on his finger. Diagram 1.2 (b) shows what had happen inside the
blood vessel.

Diagram 1.2 (a) and Diagram 1.2 (b)

(i) The cut on the person stops by clotting. Explain the mechanism of blood clotting that occurs on the
person’s finger.

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(3 marks)
(ii) Explain 2 importance of blood clotting.

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(2 marks)

2. Diagram 2 shows a circulatory system of an organism, P.

Diagram 2

(a)(i) Name the type of circulatory pathway X and Y.

X : _________________________________________

Y : _________________________________________
(2 marks)
(ii) By using arrows ( ) , show the direction of blood flow in X and Y.

(b) Explain why the wall of left ventricle is thickest in the heart.

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(2 marks)

(c) The lungs play an important role in supplying oxygen to the body cells of organism P. Explain how.

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(1 mark)

(d) Circulatory system of a frog is similar to a human but rate of oxygen supplied to the body cells is
lower. Give your opinion.

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(3 marks)
3. Diagram 3 shows part of the circulatory system and lymphatic system

(a)(i) Name structure X.

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(1 mark)

(ii) State function X.


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(1 mark)

(b)(i) Name fluid Y

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(1 mark)

(ii) Fluid Y is part of blood. Explain how fluid Y formed from blood.

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(2 marks)

(iii) State the differences between fluid Y and blood.

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(2 marks)