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I.

Environmental Protection GARBAGE DISPOSAL


Philippines - “out of sight, out of mind” attitude
1. Tapon – by the individual, household
- 1 of the most vulnerable countries to climate-
2. Hakot – by gov’t trucks
relate disasters bc of its:
3. Tambak – in open dumpsites
o Location
4. Kalat – due to :
o Geographic circumstances
o improper manner of disposal, retrieval,
o Socio-economic conditions
o inadequate collection, and
1. Memorandum Order No.33 Series of 2009
o over-congestion in dumpsites
- CHED
- Mandates the integration of Environmental
Education in the Tertiary Education curriculum
particularly the CWTS in NSTP

2. RA 9152
- To promote environmental awareness through
environmental education and for other purposes
- “National Environmental Awareness &
1. Conventional Perspective/Old Paradigm
Education Act of 2008”
- START: raw materials
- Ends with the dumpsite
3. RA 9003: January 26,2001
- Providing for an ecological solid waste
management program, creating the necessary
institutional mechanisms & incentives, declaring 2. Alternative Perspective/New Paradigm
certain acts prohibited & providing penalties, - Raw materials may be recucled/re-used
approaching funs thereof and for other purposes

4. RA No. 9275: March 22, 2004 RA 9003


- Providing for a comprehensive water quality
- Solid Waste Management Act
management & for other purposes
- Mandates segregation of waste, segregated
collection, use of Materials Recovery Facility,
5. RA 8749
and composing
- “Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999”
- Encourages patronage of environment-friendly
- Providing for a comprehensive air pollution products and packaging, and penalizes violation
control policy for other purposes in all levels
6. RA 9147
- Act providing for the conservation & protection
STEPS ON PROPER WASTE DISPOSAL
of wildlife resources and their habitats,
appropriating funds thereof and for other 1. Segregating
purposes - Process of separating bio & non-bio garbage
- Biodegradable
7. RA 9175 o Can be broken down in a reasonable
- Regulating the ownership, possession, sake, amount of time, into its base compounds
importation and use of chainsaws, penalizing by microorganisms
violations thereof and for other purposes o decomposes
- Non-biodegradable
o Do not break down naturally or take an
A. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT inordinate time to do so
- How people control and solve challenges a. Recyclable
concerning solid wastes b. Residual
- Solid Waste Management Commission c. Hazardous
Secretariat
o Estimated that 0.5 kg = per capita waste
production daily
o Population :10.5M
o 5250/day
 73% are collected by dump
trucks
 27% end up in canals, rivers
o 162,750 metric tons/month
o 1.95M/year
2. Tower Tires
o To aerate, insert anything between the
tires
o Line the bottom with soil
3. Bottomless Composters
o Old drums, cans, water containers with
the bottoms off
4. Clay Flower Pots Compost
o 10 flower pots
o Use by turns
5. Plastic Bag Composters
6. Compost Bins
o Chicken wire/ durable “basket”

3. Recycling
- Most useful + helpful way
- Source of income
- Reduce pollution
- Save natural resources
2. Composting - conserve energy
- Bio waste is placed in a certain tank/hole for a
certain time to let it decompose with the help of BENEFITS OF PROPER WASTE DISPOSAL
decomposers:
1. Sense of Peace
o Yeast
- Emotional + physical sop
o Worms
o Molds
2. Protection of Human Health
- Used as a fertilizer for plants
- Ekis burning of garbage bc it causes pollution +
Steps on Composting threat sa human health
- Chlorine-containing materials
1. Chop biodegradable wastes into finer o Ex: plastic
portions o Produce toxic compounds dioxin &
o Smaller = faster to be used furans
2. Mix up bio wastes and place them into - Carbon-base materials
composters o Produces carbon monoxide
o Do not burn on top of the
piles/composters bc the heat will kill the
biological decomposers = delaying the
3. Alleviation of the dumpsite crisis in the highly
composting process
urbanized areas and to prevent such in the
3. Sprinkle a small amount of water.
provinces
o Moisture is essential for microbial
activity
4. Slowdown of the Earth’s resources
o Protect the composters from
- Glass: Silica from sand
accumulating too much liquid to avoid
- Aluminium, tin, iron: Deforestation: Mining :
leaching (garbage juice)
- Plastic: Petroleum
4. Sprinkle/layer with soil so as not to invite
- Paper: Tress
flies and to control odors.
5. Additional Income
o Place soil in between the layers of the
- Good business, takes perseverance + effort
mixture
5. Aerate the pile
o Turn it once or twice a month to provide
necessary O2 B. CLIMATE CHANGE
6. When the interior of the pile is no longer
hot, and material has broken down into a
dark & dry soil, it’s finished 1. CAUSE
- Accumulation of GHG in the atmosphere,
trapping heat of the sun
Types of Small Scale Composters - Greenhouse Effect
o Warming that happens when certain
1. Twin Pits gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap heat
o 1m x 1m 1m
o Dig into ½ meter apart 2. IMPACTS
o Put small twigs at the bottom - Agriculture
o Hollow tube for air inlet
o Too much/little rain = decrease crop - Minimize use of appliances with too much
yield = affect food supply energy
- Health - Water heaters, washing machine, industrial fans,
o Increase vector-borne diseases dishwashers
- Biodiversity
o Change in composition of species 5. Use renewable energy sources
- Coastal - Use solar panels
o Sea level rise = affect business near it
6. Patronize Recycled Products
3. Strategies that may address CC
- Requires adaptation & mitigation strats 7. Reduce Consumption
- ADAPTATION
o Adjustment in natural / human systems
in response to actual / expected II. DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
climactic stimuli MANAGEMENT
- MITIGATION - Philippines
o Human intervention that address o 20 earthquakes/day
anthropogenic / human-induced o 100-150/year
emissions & removal of GHG o Lies within the Western Pacific Basin

4. What is the international community doing to


solve climate change?
- Signed the United Nations Framework
Convention on CC
o Seeks to stabilize GHG

5. What is the Government doing to help solve CC


- Climate Change Commission
o RA 9729
o Climate Change Act of 2009
o Sole policy-making body of gov’t
tasked to coordinate, monitor, and
evaluate action plans related to CC
o Tasked to formulate the
NATIONAL FRAMEWORK
STRATEGY on CC & NATIONAL
CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN
 Basis to protect communities
from fx of CC
o CLIMATE FINANCE GROUP
 Manage foreign funding for CC
programs

WAYS TO REDUCE GHG


1. Lights
- Incandescent to compact fluorescent
- Turn off
- Bring sunlight to home

2. Vehicles
- Have regularly service for efficient engine
performance
- Short distances = walk/bike

3. Refrigerators
- Clean it
- Maintain thermostat

4. Energy Guzzlers
NDDC 4-Point Plan of Action for Preparedness
(4PPAP)
- 2005
- Increase public awareness & involvement in
measures

EO 888
- “Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction in the
PH: Strategic National Action Action Plan
(SNAP) 2009-2019
- By PGMA
- The roadmap for disaster risk reduction