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First and Best for Reference and Scale

June 2019 • £4.75

Volume 41 • Issue 04

www.guidelinepublications.co.uk

RAF Day Fighter Schemes


1941-1943 PART TWO

Lost Fighter and Brief Survivor


Heinkel’s Enigmas

Scaled Up - CH-54 Skycrane to S-64 Air-Crane


Walkaround - Martin AM-1 Mauler
Hurricane Notes - Down to Brass Tacks in 1/72
Bucker Bu 131 - HMC Gets Started on ICM’s Kit
American Patrol - More US Miscellany
Product - News, Reviews and Updates
Colour Conundrum
RAF Day Fighter Schemes 1941-1943
Part Two

Bounty Hunter Harlequin Hisso RA-3B Scratch Conversion Jet Flying Boat
Grumman F-14D Tomcat SE5a Night Fighter Adapting the Whale Beriev R-1
Tamiya’s Kit in 1/48 Wingnut Wings in 1/32 Hasegawa Kit in 1/72 ABM Resin Kit in 1/72
E D I TO R I A L

T H I S M O N

I
t will not have
escaped the
attention of readers
that we have been
continuing our facelift
over the past few
issues. Ongoing efforts
to stay abreast of
contemporary developments in the 6. 26.
marketplace oblige us to keep an Bounty Hunter
Showcase
eye on this sort of thing and I have
Dumbo in the House Grumman F-14D Tomcat
been trying to integrate it gently, Rick Greenwood presents an out of the box review
The Barracuda has had little attention from the
rather than thrust a completely industry over the years in 1/72, with Frog’s 1964 kit of Tamiya’s 1/48 F-14D Tomcat. Meticulously put
changed magazine onto the being the only option for decades until the 1999 together and painstakingly painted and weathered
readership entirely out of the blue. MPM kit came along, apart from a resin Mk V from Rick’s blow by blow account provides a heads-up
Magna. The original Czech tooling was a limited to potential builders on any of those important
I see a lot of books and edition kit, with all the compromises that suggests, little issues, as well as showcasing one of
publications in which design has so this completely new release, made with Fightertown’s superb decal sheets for the type
triumphed over content, and part of mainstream metal moulds, in 2016 really put the
my efforts have been involved in type back on the map for many modellers
ensuring that the essential core of
the magazine does not become
compromised by the clear and
accepted desire to expand our
position in the marketplace. To this
end I am assisted as ever by our
team of regulars, who continue to
provide thought provoking builds
and offbeat reference material. This
month I ind myself taking a strange
interest in the Robinson R-44, a type 45. 58.
I could not hitherto have picked out Aircraft in Proile Adapting the Whale
of a line-up, but one I now ind The R44 Raven/Clipper Skywarrior RA-3B Conversion
myself itching to build. This and the The Robinson R-44 is one of those anonymous
Not a white whale either, but Hasegawa’s 1/72
redoubtable Hurricane, which has light utility helicopters that seem initially
Skywarrior in an unusual scheme to match this
ubiquitous but on closer inspection take on a life
been admirably dissected by Messrs scratch conversion project
of their own, and can offer as great an appeal as
Derbyshire and Leyland-Jones in a any single engined war bird or classic jet. Like any
triple feature that shows us how to subject, a look behind a closed door will make all
get the best out of available kits. the difference, hence the aircraft’s place as a
subject for Aircraft in Proile
As ever I have assimilated more
useful information than I will ever
put to use. Now, back to that Bucker
before I get distracted again…

By Gary Hatcher
Editor

Distributed to the UK and International news trade by


Intermedia
http://www.inter-media.co.uk/ 78.
via MarketForce (UK) Limited
110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU Walkaround
http://www.marketforce.co.uk/ 70.
The Martin AM-1 Mauler was irst designated
Scaled Up XBTM-1 but became the AM-1 Mauler with the
STORE FINDER Sikorsky CH-54 Skycrane to Erickson S-64 Air-Crane change in the Navy's designation system. As inally
Books-A-Million, Inc. presently operates over 200 stores in 18 The unique Skycrane is still very much with us in its conigured the AM-1 was a ine aircraft, being
states and the District of Columbia. To ind the store nearest latter day guise as a civilian hauler and ire ighting faster and capable of carrying a greater load
your location visit: machine. Des Brennan looks at the type’s history farther than the Skyraider. But, the Skyraider was
and transition from military airlifter to already there and the Navy did not need two
www.booksamillioninc.com/store_inder/index.html
S-64 Air-Crane dump trucks…

4 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
CO N T E N T S

T H ’ S F E A T U R E S
08. Showcase
Dumbo in the House
By Andy McCabe
26. Bounty Hunter
In Search of Paradise…
By Rick Greenwood
34. Lost Fighter and Brief Survivor
Heinkel’s Enigmas
By Huw Morgan
40. Harlequin Hisso
SE5a Night Fighter
34. By Dave Hooper
40.
Lost Fighter and Brief Survivor Harlequin 45. Aircraft in Proile
Heinkel’s Enigmas SE5a Night Fighter The R44 Raven/Clipper
There is sometimes a very ine line between What As a night ighter in the Home defence units the Robinson’s Chopper
If and What Was. Huw Morgan’s double build of SE5a was a less than ideal choice. Its water cooled By Richard Mason
Heinkel’s He 279 and He 280 casts some light on engine required time to warm up, which put it at Scale Plans and Colour Proiles
both with Master-X’s resin kit of the former and an immediate disadvantage in a scramble By Jan Polc
Eduard’s injection moulded ProiPACK release situation. Further to this the design of the nose 58. Adapting the Whale
of the latter meant that the SE5a was difficult to land at night.
Skywarrior RA-3B Conversion
Despite this a number of Home Defence squadrons
By Francesco Pernice
were equipped with the type towards the end of
December 1917. Dave Hooper build’s Wingnut 62. Colour Conundrum
Wings’ kit in the experimental Harlequin scheme
RAF Day Fighter Schemes 1941-1943
seen on some of these aircraft, with a little help
Part Two
from Pheon and Aviattic
By Paul Lucas
With Artwork by Jan Polc
66 HMC Guide to Scale Modelling
Jungmann
By Gary Hatcher
62.
70 Scaled Up
Colour Conundrum
Helicopter Double Life
RAF Experimental Schemes Part Two Sikorsky CH-54 Skycrane to
Here is clear evidence of two different colour Erickson S-64 Air-Crane
schemes being in use on the same Squadron at the By Des Brennan
same time. The question is which came irst? Was it
the case that the Dark Green and Medium Sea Grey 78 Walkaround
Scheme came irst in response to the Air Ministry Martin AM-1 Mauler
Postagram of 8th August, which did not specify the By Steve Muth
shade of grey, whilst the Extra Dark Sea Grey, Dark 66. 82 Easy as ABD
Slate Grey and Medium Sea Grey scheme came
afterwards during September as a result of some Jungmann Notes on Modelling the Hurricane in 1/72
official instruction, which has not come to light but There’s No Need to Feel Down... Mk IIa - First of a Few
was that referred to by Aircraft of the The Editor revisits some of the hands-on By Brian Derbyshire
Fighting Powers? techniques employed in the HMC Guide to Mk IIb - You Only Fly Twice
assemble the multipart forward fuselage on ICM’s By Bruce Leyland-Jones
1/32 Bucker 131 and asks himself, ‘Who are these Mk IId - Silk Purse from Sow's Ear? Again?
master modellers who can do this stuff without all By Brian Derbyshire
the sanding and illing, and what are they 86 Beriev’s Boat
not telling us…?’
Beriev R-1 Jet Flying Boat
by Ken Duffey

With:
8. Update - our monthly news round-up
section with new product previews and reviews
76. Stash in the Attic - Trevor Pask works
through the loft insulation
82. 86. American Patrol - US modelling matters
Hurricane Notebook 92. with Steve Palmer
Modelling the Type in 1/72
Beriev’s Boat 90. IPMS UK Column with Chris Ayres
Brian Derbyshire and Bruce Leyland-Jones take two Beriev R-1 Jet Flying Boat
separate looks at Fly Models’ re-issue of the much Ken Duffey build’s ABM Models’ resin kit of this rare
Cover Artwork: Artwork: 8086
discussed Hasegawa kit, after which Mr Derbyshire and exotic precursor of the more successful Be-10. 1/48 Heinkel He 280 ProiPACK
further slices into a 1/72 Revell kit to make an A nice blend of hands-on modelling skills and type by kind permission of Eduard
accurate Hurricane IID history introducing something a little different

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 5


SHOWCASE

S H O W C A S E

By Andy McCabe

Yugi-Uda Antennae carried on top of the wings. The rest of the interior was assembled to the
Kit No: SH72306
Armament consisted of two .303” Vickers K cockpit loors and then these were assembled
Scale: 1/72 Machine guns in the rear cockpit, one 1,620lb into one of the fuselage halves, and there is a lot
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Aerial Torpedo or either four 450lb Depth of nice detail in the kit’s cockpit straight out of
Charges or six 250lb bombs. the box.
Manufacturer: Special Hobby
The new Special Hobby kit consists of three The glazing was itted to the navigator’s
www.specialhobby.eu sprues of grey and one clear sprue of injection position and then the two fuselage halves were
moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one colour glued

T
he Barracuda has had little attention from
assembly/painting/marking guide book.
the industry over the years in 1/72, with
The parts are as always very
Frog’s 1964 kit being the only option for
nicely
decades until the 1999 MPM kit came along,
apart from a resin Mk V from Magna.
The original Czech tooling was a
limited edition kit, with all the
compromises that suggests, so their
complete new release in 2016, made
with mainstream metal moulds, really
put the type back on the map for many
modellers.
together. The
The Barracuda was developed landing gear bays
after the Air Ministry issued were now assembled into the
speciication S.24/37 in 1937 for a upper wing halves and then the upper and
monoplane torpedo bomber. The type moulded. lower wing parts were joined.
entered service on the 10th January
Work commences with The wings, tail planes and engine front were
1943 and served until 1945, 2,607 aircraft being
the cockpit, and after I had presprayed all of the added next. The laps were assembled and itted
built at four different aircraft factories, Fairey
parts on their sprues with Lifecolor UA551 Royal to the wings but the undercarriage was not
Aviation, Blackburn Aircraft, Boulton Paul and
Air Force Grey Green, the cockpit seats were itted at this point. The Barracuda has one of the
Westland Aircraft. The Barracuda II, of which
assembled and Eduard seat belts itted. These strangest undercarriage assemblies I have seen!
1,688 were built, had a Merlin 32 engine rated at
are not included in the kit but make a signiicant The cockpit glazing was now masked and
1,240hp, with a four bladed propeller and a
difference to the cockpit. glued into place along with the six bomb racks
Metric Wavelength ASVII Radar with the

6 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
SHOWCASE

on the underside of the


wings, after which the and
model was sprayed with the
the everlasting Ultimate Grey camoulage
Primer. pattern sprayed on, these
being H123 for the Dark Conclusion
The underside of the model was then
Sea Grey and H224 for the
sprayed with Lifecolor This is a superb 1/72 scale model of the Fairey
Dark Slate Grey.
UA550 Sky. The Barracuda from Special Hobby. As is customary
camoulage on The decals were now from this source the parts are superbly
the upper now applied followed moulded and packaged and it together
surfaces on by a coat of sealant and excellently, I cannot recall making a Barracuda
the Barracuda then Ultimate Dark Wash was applied followed before so this was an excellent irst timer for me.
was Extra Dark Sea Grey by a coat of FMR matt varnish. The decal sheet The paints gave me a bit of a headache to get
and Dark Slate Grey, has options for two aircraft: hold of locally, which I always try to do if I can,
which I found difficult to • Barracuda Mk II, LS556, 829 NAS, HMS and I also try not to mix paints wherever
get hold of, especially the Victorious, May 1944 possible hence the search for the correct ones
latter, as the only ones I from Humbrol.
• Barracuda Mk II, BV937, 830 NAS, HMS Furious,
could ind locally were the
3rd April 1944 I am a real fan of Special Hobby kits as they
Humbrol colours and the Dark
Both of these aircraft participated in the give a high level of detail
Slate Grey in acrylic seems to be
attack on the Tirpitz in 1944. straight from the box.
very popular. After much searching the colours
Another super offering
were obtained Assembly now recommenced with the
and well worth
undercarriage and prop, then the aerials were
spending money
itted and inally the Torpedo was assembled
on.
and the model was
complete.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 7


NEWS BY SORGE

NEWS AND PREVIEWS FROM AROUND THE MARKETPLACE

EXITO DECALS • Focke-Wulf Fw 190 F-8, coded Winkel Dreieck, lown by Major
Exito Decals strikes back with two news sets available both in 1/48 Theodor Nordmann, Kommandeur of II./SG 3, Riga-Spilve, Latvia,
and 1/72 scale. Their third decal set is entitled Sexy Spitires and August 1944
includes markings for three aircraft: The markings for the Stuka named Hundesohn (Son of a Bitch) and
• Spitire LF Mk Vb (EN921), coded YO-A, 401 Squadron RCAF, the Fw 190 F-8 of the famous ace, Major Nordmann (awarded with
lown by F/O Jack Sheppard, Redhill/Staplehurst/Biggin Hill, UK, Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords), have
July-October 1943 never been reproduced in decal form before, whilst this particular
Hs 129 did not receive enough attention from other
• Spitire LF Mk VIII (MT841), coded U, 2 Squadron RIAF, Kohat,
manufacturers. Decals contain a bonus set of stencils for the Hs
British India, spring 1946
129, which are mostly missing or are incorrectly depicted in the
• Spitire LF Mk IXe (TA864), coded LW-L, 318 (Gdanski) Squadron decals supplied with Hasegawa and Italeri kits.
RAF, lown by P/O Zdzisław Uchwat, Risano near Udine, Italy,
As previously, the decal sheets are printed by industry leader
May-June 1945
Cartograf of Italy, which ensures top printing quality and ease of
All aircraft feature glamorous nose art, which is rarely seen on application. These are complemented by instructions that differ
Spitires. For the very irst time, artwork and markings of MT841 from the plain market standard. What you get are essentially high
are correctly reproduced in decal form. quality posters with accurate and inspiring illustrations created by
The other new release is entitled Luftwaffe Ground Attackers Janusz Swiatlon. Each subject is presented on an A4 sized sheet,
volume one and covers three different German assault aircraft: with large side proiles printed on the front, and the remaining
• Junkers Ju 87 D-3, W.Nr. 100082, coded T6+HN, 5./StG. 2, artwork, photos and all necessary information laid out on the rear
Achtirskaya, USSR, early summer 1942 side.
• Henschel Hs 129 B-2, W.Nr. 0140405, coded <▲+H, 4.(Pz)/Sch.G. These sheets are available directly from the manufacturer.
1, USSR, summer 1943 www.exito.site

A SQUARED 7255)
MS720007 AH-64 Apache
Another new name on the (Italeri, Tamiya)
scene is A Squared from MS720008 Wessex (Italeri)
Ukraine, a company producing MS720009 UH-1 (Italeri)
etched brass sets and vinyl MS720010 AH-1 (Italeri)
masks to a very high standard. MS720011 Ka-25 (ACE)
Initial sets have been issued MS720012 (Italeri)
covering Trumpeter’s Su-34 in
MS720013 Masking Strips 108
1/72 with further releases in the
strips from 0,3mm to 2.0mm
pipeline, all in the same scale.
with 0.1 step
MS720001 Ka-52 (Zvezda) MS720015 HH-60 (Italeri)
MS720002 Mi-24V/VP/P/35 MS720016 UH-60 (Italeri)
(Zvezda) MS720017 MH-47E (Italeri)
MS720003 Mi-8 (Zvezda)
MS720004 Ka-50 (Zvezda) For further information and
MS720005 Mi-24A (Zvezda availability contact A Squared
7273) directly.
MS720006 Mi-28NE (Zvezda asquaredaftermarket@gmail.com

8 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

Plus Model’s workroom


has seen one of the
most eclectic ranges in
the modelling canon
emerge over the years

About Plus
Model
By Petr Vesely

For some years Plus Model has been better known to the
armour building community, but with a growing range of high
quality aircraft weapons and accessories, including some of the
inest cast resin aircrew igures available, the company is
becoming more and more familiar to aircraft modellers.
Check out the full range at their website or look them up on
Facebook, though do ensure you search ‘plusmodel’ or you
may ind yourself misdirected…

I
have been building model kits since I was ten. After the Velvet
Revolution in March 1990 I began to run my own business. At the very
beginning we were just two but now I have six employees and at least
ten freelancers working for me externally. Making models has been a part
of my life from my childhood and it is still my favourite hobby.
Our selection of new products is based on their unusualness, sometimes
to the point of oddity, and how interesting the type is. There are items we
work on for three years before they hit the shelves. Manual manufacturing
of the masters is in remission and we are trying to replace it with 3D
printing. Also resin as a material is being replaced with plastic.
Feedback from modellers around the world is very important for us and
also very pleasant. Facebook is the main place we get this feedback so we
keep trying to show many things there such as items we are working on,
photographs from our production and of course inished models.
Any customer who misses or damages any part of our kit can write to us
directly and we are always pleased to send the part free of charge.
Modellers trust us and once they become our customers we always try to
keep them satisied, so they can inish their models successfully.
www.plusmodel.cz

Petr Vesely and


the dedicated
workforce that
brings the Plus
Model’s
catalogue to life Plus Model’s Aeroline includes some spectacular update sets for the P2V
Neptune in 1/72

10 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

Aeroline includes a wide range of


weapons sets. This is AL 4051, Missile R- AL 403, US Tiny Tim Missile,
98R AA-3A Anab in 1/48 short version, in 1/48

The level of detail in the Aeroline’s resin


engine sets needs to be seen to be believed

Another popular
range from Aeroline
is the boarding
ladders, which now
cover a number of
subjects in 1/48.
A typical example of the strange and
These are injection
wonderful models produced by this highly
moulded kits that
original company
add an essential
inishing touch to any
model displayed with
the canopy open

Plus Model reissued Heller’s 1/72 Constellation


as an EC-121 Warning Star with a host of
Item number 448, the Fordson N, is a highly etched and resin detail sets, also available
detailed resin kit in 1/35 separately

AL3002, pilot F4U


Corsair in 1/32

AL7019, laps set for the P2V Neptune in 1/72

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 11


NEWS BY SORGE

RODEN service, and while this is clearly not an aviation subject it is always
Two new releases from Roden offer a Douglas C-47 Skytrain interesting to see models in our scales that can be posed
(Dakota MK III) in 1/144 and a rather unusual 1/72 vehicle for World alongside aircraft to offer a sense of scale, or to complete a
diorama or vignette.
War I modellers.
After the outbreak of World War I, a large number of vehicles of
The Douglas DC-3 was used both by the US Air Force and by the
this type were requisitioned for the needs of the army in order to
Royal Air Force, under the designation Dakota, and its contribution
accelerate the transfer of military units from the rear directly to
to the history of World War II is especially signiicant, due to its
combat zones. One of these buses received its own semi official
participation in Operation Overlord. Two markings options cover
name, Ole Bill, in honour of a famous caricature of the British
surviving commemorative aircraft:
soldier of World War I. Built during the war years, it participated in
• Douglas C-47 Skytrain, s/n 42-100882, ex US Air Force White P, many post war parades dedicated to the Great War as its symbol,
Commemorative Air Force, 2019 and nowadays is an exhibit at the Imperial War Museum in
• Douglas Dakota MK III, ZA947 ex RAF Transport Command, London.
Commemorative Air Force, 2019 Look out for further releases from Roden in 1/144 this year, with a
The 1/72 kit will strike a chord with those of us who built the Airix very welcome Fw 200 and He 111.
catalogue back in the day, as it offers a B Type Bus in military www.roden.eu

TOPNOTCH again is realism, especially when tonal difference and silvering can
TopNotch was started by a modeller, Sean Middleton, because he be avoided that are common with most decals. Masking the
wanted to ind a more effective way to airbrush camoulage insignia and aircraft identiication also allows the modeller to
schemes and markings on his own scale models. Modellers often choose a wider range of subjects as decal sets are not always
spend hours adding extra detail with resin and photo etch sets to available for a particular aircraft.
their models. Cockpits, wheel wells and even engines are carefully These masks work with acrylics, lacquers and enamels. For best
detailed, but Sean found that unless you use an accurate mask results an airbrush is recommended, and paint should be sprayed
pattern, it is almost impossible to replicate the pattern on your in thin coats at a low pressure of between 10-15psi. An airbrush is
model. not essential as for those modellers who prefer to paint by hand
TopNotch masks provide a quick and easy way of patterning your these masks work equally well.
model. Traditional methods take longer, are fussy and don’t give In 2018 TopNotch introduced a number of designs to their range
you an accurate representation of the pattern as found on the real including the F-4 C/D in tricolour USAF livery, the Mirage in South
aircraft. Large rubber mats or plywood templates were used in the African and Israeli colours, the SkyRaider A-1 and the Avro
factories to achieve a standard camoulage pattern on the aircraft. Lancaster. More recently they have supplemented their Spitire
These masks allow you to simulate the same process. They are range with the SEAC, IDF White 25, a range of masks to suit Tamiya
made out of a very thin vinyl so they are lexible and fold into kit 61119 (including insignia) to name a few. They have also
curves and over edges really well. They are also fairly durable, introduced masks for the P-51B Mustang (patterns A through E),
which makes them easy to handle during use. no less than nine Mirage masks and the Hawker Tempest Series 11.
It is sometimes preferable to spray letters and insignia on rather There are currently twenty two masks in design, all scheduled for
than use decals. The advantage is that the modeller can work with release this year. Check out the website for the full range or search
a completely painted area and this is especially helpful when for TopNotch Models and Masks on Facebook.
doing heavily faded or chipped subjects. The other advantage www.topnotch-success.net

12 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
See you at
IPMS IPSWICH

E-mail with your enquiry to:


brigademodels@btopenworld.com
Doner kits required to complete project(s). Information available on request
BKC 48002 1/48th £27.99 or £55.00 with donor kit BMK003, BKM005 and
BKC7206, 1/72nd scale £14.99 or £22.00 with donor kit
Ordering information: Current range only!
Add £1.50 p&p orders over £35.00 no p&p.
Overseas price upon application. Payment ONLY by cheque drawn in UK funds
in favour of Brigade Models. Please allow up to 28 days for order to be delivered.
U P D AT E S

Lloyd C. V. Series 82 (WFK)


By Paul Foster

for the scale even


though half of it is under
the fuselage side. You do
have to check the
instruction sheet carefully
though as you are
required to remove some
plastic from the fuselage
halves and remove some
surface detail, before
assembling the two halves.
The parts do not have
Kit No: 48044 many location pins so
careful alignment and
Scale: 1/48 clamping is required at this
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic point to make sure it is
square, or the wings will not
Manufacturer: Special Hobby align correctly. I left off the
www.specialhobby.eu • 82.24, Austro-Hungarian Air Force, Albanian
exhaust parts and the rear gun ring at this time.
Front, 1916
The lower wings were then attached and inter

L
loyd C.V Series 82 aircraft were used by • 82.24 again, later in 1916, now with white
wing struts added. The upper wing is one piece,
both the German and the Austro- background to crosses
but the original was two parts with a small gap
Hungarian Air Forces for reconnaissance • 82.27, Austro-Hungarian Air Force, Russian
in the centre. The instructions show the option
and artillery spotting with a total of forty eight Front, 1917
to remove this plastic, but you would then need
built by WFK. Construction was different as the
to fabricate a spar to hold the two halves After painting and addition of the decals
wings were covered with wood veneer, which
together. I cheated and removed the fore and aft construction was completed by adding the
gave good aerodynamic properties, but was
sections to show a gap, but left the centre which wheels, rear gun, radiator with copper wire for
difficult to repair. They proved to be good
would be obscured by the wing mounted the plumbing and inally wire rigging, which was
aircraft, but were soon outpaced and relegated
machine gun box. Getting the upper wing a bit difficult to discern from the instructions
to training. The WFK version was license built
aligned and inter wing struts correctly sheet and comparing with photographs of a
with the Benz engine in place of the original
positioned was a iddly job and I resorted to Series 46 aircraft I think I have the line from the
Daimler engined 46 Series, of which ninety six
making some card formers to hold everything in top rear spar to the fuselage wrong and it should
were built. When armed, the forward iring
place whilst these were glued and set. attach above the undercarriage strut and not the
Schwarzlose machine gun was carried in a Type
The rear gun mount is made from two etched front of the lower wing root.
II VK gun pod, nicknamed baby coffin, mounted
on top of the upper wing centre, and rear parts that were difficult to align and keep true
Parabellum gun itted on a ring around the and I found it best to solder these together and
Conclusion
observer cockpit. superglue the complete assembly in place.
Finally, the rear skid and undercarriage struts Overall this kit was a standard Special Hobby
The kit comprises three light grey styrene product, offering a nice level of detail from the
were added before painting.
sprues containing thirty three parts, thirty two multimedia parts and a bit more than usual
3D designed resin parts and a photo etch detail There was only one colour scheme for these
required of the modeller in removing plastic and
sheet. Four decal schemes are provided, two aircraft and the four decal options are all the
fabricating simple parts to produce the inished
being the same aircraft at different times. same basic veneer covering with fabric control
model. They have picked a slightly less well
surfaces and metallic area around the engine.
All the Special Hobby kits I have built use a lot known aircraft and made it available in 1/48
The decals all settled well, but I did notice some
of smaller resin parts to build a full interior to the when it probably will never appear from a more
silvering of the serial number in the lash photo
fuselage, and for the Lloyd there are over thirty mainstream manufacturer. Overall I’m pleased
pictures. The aircraft covered are:
parts. This built up to give a nice level of detail with the result and it’s something different in the
and the clear part for the instrument panel was • 82.13, Austro-Hungarian Air Force, Russian collection, so my thanks to Special Hobby for the
really nice. The resin engine is also well detailed Front, autumn 1917 sample.

14 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

Arma Hobby AMP A Model A Model


Hawker Hurricane Northrop B-2A Spirit Stealth Grumman UF-1 Albatross Gulfstream
Mk.I Trop AMP14002 Flying Boat G550

Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/144 Scale: 1/144 Scale: 1/72


Product No: 14002 Product No: 14002 Product No: 14424 Product No: 72327
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
www.armahobby.com Hannants/Stevens International Hannants/Stevens International Hannants/Stevens International

A Model Airix Avis Eastern Express


Cobalt Co50 Douglas A-4B/Q Short S.1 Cockle Fokker F-27-500 NLM
Valkyrie Skyhawk G-EBKA City Hopper

Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/144


Product No: 72372 Product No: 03029 Product No: 72031 Product No: 144116
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
Hannants/Stevens International Hannants/Stevens International Hannants Hannants/Stevens International

Eduard Eduard Eduard ICM


Panavia Tornado F.3 Supermarine Spitire HF Mk.VIII Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-8 Kokusai Ki-86a/K9W1
Limited Edition ProiPACK ProiPACK Cypress

Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/32


Product No: 11126 Product No: 70129 Product No: 82147 Product No: 32032
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
www.eduard.com www.eduard.com www.eduard.com Hannants/Stevens International

Kovozavody Prostejov Kovozavody Prostejov RS Models RS Models


Let Z-37A-2 Cmelak Two Seater Let Z-37A-2 Cmelak Two Seater Bell XFL-1 Miles
(Czech service) (Slovakia and UK) Airabonita Magister

Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72


Product No: 72129 Product No: 72130 Product No: 92232 Product No: 92236
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
Hannants/UMM-USA Hannants/UMM-USA Hannants/UMM-USA Hannants/UMM-USA

16 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

RS Models Special Hobby Special Hobby Tamiya


Blohm+Voss Ae-607 Short Sunderland Breguet Messerschmitt
German Project Mk V Br.695AB.2 Bf-109G-6

Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72


Product No: 92087 Product No: 72162 Product No: 72399 Product No: 60790
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
Hannants/UMM-USA Hannants/Squadron Hannants/Squadron The Hobby Company/Tamiya USA

Trumpeter Trumpeter AIMS AIMS


Nanchang Junkers Ju-87G-2 Supermarine Walrus Mk I/Mk II Bf-109F/Bf-109G-4/Bf-109G-6/
Q-5A Stuka Bracing Wires (for Airix kits) Bf-109G-10/Bf-109K-4 Exhausts
(for any kit)
Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/24 Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/32
Product No: 01686 Product No: 02425 Product No: 48009 Product No: 32P06
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Type: Etched Brass Type: Resin
Pocketbond/Stevens International Pocketbond/Stevens International www.aimsmodels.co.uk www.aimsmodels.co.uk

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 17


U P D AT E S

Peewit Peewit Peewit Berna Decals


McDonnell-Douglas TAV-8B Harrier BAe Harrier Yakovlev Yak-11/C-11 Moose Curtiss H-75 (P-36)
II, T.10/12 (for Sword kits) T Mk.2/Mk.2A/Mk.4/Mk.4N (for RS models kits) Aces of GC II/5
(for Special Hobby kits)
Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/32
Product No: 72179 Product No: 72180 Product No: 72181 Product No: 32057
Type: Paint Masks Type: Paint Masks Type: Paint Masks Type: Decals
https://peewit.wixsite.com/masks https://peewit.wixsite.com/masks https://peewit.wixsite.com/masks www.xbpro.e-monsite.com

Berna Decals Caracal Caracal Caracal


Dassault Alpha Jet Patrouille de Lockheed EC-121 KC-10 RAF Lockheed
France 2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Warning Star Extender C-130J Hercules

Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/144 Scale: 1/144 Scale: 1/144


Product No: 48054 Product No: 144010 Product No: 144016 Product No: 144018
Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals
www.xbpro.e-monsite.com www.caracalmodels.com www.caracalmodels.com www.caracalmodels.com

Caracal Caracal Print Scale Print Scale


Britten-Norman McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Polikarpov Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki
BN-2 Islander Harrier II Plus I-16 Part One

Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/144 Scale: 1/48


Product No: 48153 Product No: 72080 Product No: 14421 Product No: 48149
Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals
www.caracalmodels.com www.caracalmodels.com www.printscale.org www.printscale.org

Print Scale Print Scale Print Scale 0SBS Model


Bucker Bu-131 British Royal Navy Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Dornier Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4 in
Jungmann Corsair Part One Hungarian Service

Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/48


Product No: 72350 Product No: 72359 Product No: 72367 Product No: 4828
Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals
www.printscale.org www.printscale.org www.printscale.org www.sbsmodel.com

18 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

SBS Model SBS Model SBS Model Syhart Decal


Messerschmitt Bf-109F Dornier Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4 in Messerschmitt Bf-109F Mirage 2000P/DP Peruvian
in Spanish Service Hungarian Service in Spanish Service Air Force Bonus

Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/72 Scale: 1/48


Product No: 4834 Product No: 7228 Product No: 7234 Product No: 48107
Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals Type: Decals
www.sbsmodel.com www.sbsmodel.com www.sbsmodel.com www.syhartdecal.fr

UK Importers Wingnut Wings: www.wingnutwings.com Rare-Plane Detective:


Pocketbond: www.pocketbond.co.uk www.rare-planedetective.com 702-564-2851
01455 841756 US Importers Sprue Brothers: www.spruebrothers.com
The Hobby Company: www.hobbyco.net 816-759-8484
Atlantis: www.atlantis-models.com
01908 605686
Squadron: www.squadron.com
Dragon USA: www.dragonmodelsusa.com
Hannants: www.hannants.co.uk 877-414-0434
01502 517444 626-968-0322
Linden Hill Imports: www.lindenhillimports.com Stevens International: www.stevenshobby.com
Creative Models: www.creativemodels.co.uk
914-734-9616 856-435-7645
01354 760022
Amerang: www.amerang.co.uk MRC: www.modelrectiier.com UMM-USA: www.umm-usa.com
01482 887917 732-225-2100 847-537-0867

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 19


U P D AT E S

Eduard by an ASRAAM Acquisition Round. From around


11126 Goodbye Tornado F.3 ADV 2004 the ASRAAM would have been carried on
the port outer shoulder rail and a RAIDS Pod
By Des Brennan (plain body rather than the Typhoon one with
This kit looks like good value for money just for added weights that Steel Beach produce) on the
the new decals alone, and Eduard seem to have starboard outer shoulder rail.
been the irst manufacturer to recognise the
ZE758/YI as provided on the decal sheet was
small but subtle differences to the spine in later
lown during Operation Telic in 2003 in the four
years. This present rebox of Revell’s 1/48 kit does
pylon Pig Fit, as one pilot described it to me,
not however resolve the weapons issues for late
service F.3s although I doubt if many of the with full loads of SkyFlash under the fuselage
options provided, bar one, would ever have and ASRAAM on the inner pylon shoulder rails
carried more than a training it unless they were with small drop tanks below and with a TRD in a
weight/fuel issues if the aircraft had to divert,
assigned as the station weapons load trainer. BOZ pod on the port outer pylon and PHIMAT on
the starboard. but this does not apply to any of the options
Nonetheless all of the marking options provided
are for aircraft that carried BOL dispenser rails on In general although AMRAAM was initially provided.
the inside shoulder position of the inner wing introduced around the same time as ASRAAM Until close to the end of F.3 service both large
pylon as standard and these like ASRAAM, compatibility issues meant that SkyFlash was not and small drop tank colours could vary wildly
AMRAAM, RAIDS, PHIMAT and BOZ are not fully replaced by it until around 2006. from standard air defence greys to grey/green
provided. The full UK QRA it up until the end was four camoulage or overall green via ARTF sand or
Training it for ZA339/AV in the original Firebird under fuselage SkyFlash (early)/AMRAAM (late) grey or mixes faded and otherwise of any of the
markings back in 2000 would have been an AIM- and four inner pylon AIM-9 (early)/ASRAAM above so it is well worth seeking out images of
9 Sidewinder Acquisition round and on the other (late) along with large drop tanks. A lesser load the aircraft being modelled at any speciic time.
options provided this would have been replaced was used in the Falklands, probably to do with www.eduard.com

Bunny Fighter Club members so if you want to be sure of getting


them, and indeed all Eduard kits, at a
BFC membership entitles you to a host of
knockdown price you need to join the BFC. This
beneits and bargains at the Eduard shop online,
will get you a ifteen percent permanent club
and if you are wearing your BFC members t-shirt
discount at Eduard’s Store, unique valuable club
you can of course go and claim additional
kits and accessories, even better prices at the
discounts on Eduard’s products at various shows
Eduard event stand and a BFC t-shirt with a
at which they are trading! BFC members also
unique design and special barcode, used for
have exclusive access to BFC special editions, like
event discounts. This exclusive t-shirt will only be
the discontinued and out of stock version of this
available to members of BFC. You’ll also get free
kit you could have had if you’d been a member…
entry at E-day so check out the website for full
So be sure to grab the new BFC boxing and keep details.
an eye on the website for more special editions.
www.eduard.com/bfc/
These are always worth getting your hands on,
but some are available only to loyalty club

20 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

By Huw Morgan
received
A look at some new kits

AMG Models
Hawker Hart I
bomber in service with the RAF, internal
Kit No: 48-902
and outperformed most of its framing,
Scale: 1/48 ighters. Over 1,000 Harts were built which will
Type: Injection Moulded by Hawker, Vickers, Gloster and certainly
Armstrong Whitworth and many look good
Plastic
remained in service with the RAF when
Manufacturer: AMG until 1943, some 250 having been assembled
www.amg-models.net transferred to the South African Air and
Force in 1938 for use against Italian painted. The separate wing and tail
London)

T
he Hawker Hart was designed forces, and small numbers used by plane panels have restrained
Hendon 1934
by Sidney Camm against Air several other counties in the Middle ribbing. Kit construction is typical
for interwar biplanes with separate • K2443, 33 Squadron, RAF Egypt
Ministry Speciication 12/26 East, Canada and Estonia.
frames holding most of the controls 1935
as a light day bomber, and such Arsenal Model Group (AMG)
was the excellence of the design being itted to the fuselage inner • K2119, 11 Squadron, RAF Arawali
have released a 1/48 scale kit of the
that it led to an entire family of surfaces before closing the halves (India) 1930s
Hart I, with the likelihood of a series
biplane types adapted for roles up and with separate wing halves Unfortunately, AMG only provide
of further releases of developed
such as two seat ighter (Demon), itted to the fuselage using through smallish monochrome proiles and
types. The kit is presented as
Army co-operation (Audax), general spars to provide some strength. even smaller upper and lower
around 132 grey plastic parts
There's no speciic rigging views of the schemes, although the
purpose (Hardy) and Naval accompanied by a photo etched
information provided other that proiles are repeated in colour on
operations (Osprey). Powered by a fret holding around seventy pieces, some indication on the diagram for the box lid.
Rolls-Royce Kestrel engine the a piece of ilm for the instruments placing the technical stencils.
performance of the Hart was so and windshields and a short length Overall a nice looking kit of an
good that it proved rather an of wire, to make a pair of hooks on Three schemes are offered, all in important type and with an
embarrassment to the Air Ministry, the upper wing. The moulding is silver with squadron markings and alternative top deck for the spares
since the aircraft was signiicantly very clean and there are black or red highlights: box included this is clearly the irst
faster and more agile that any other particularly nice renditions of the • K2966, 601 Squadron (County of in a series of releases to come.

ICM
Junkers 88C-6b
modern and probably the most
versatile warplane the German
Luftwaffe possessed, and with the
exception of dog ighting, the
important to this
tale, as the irst to
be itted with a
solid nose with
design was developed and adapted ixed forward guns
Kit No: 48239 to undertake virtually every other for a projected
operational role. By September ighter version.
Scale: 1/48
1937 the decision had been made Ultimately the
Type: Injection Moulded to make the Ju 88 the Luftwaffe's concept was
Plastic principal fast bomber, despite developed into
aggressive competition from the interim Ju
Manufacturer: ICM
Henschel and Messerschmitt, and 88B and 88C day
www.icm.com.ua and night
the series of Versuchs
ighters itted

A
t the start of the conlict that (experimental) airframes was
with a variety of
became World War II, the extended to study potential
forward and upward iring guns
Junkers Ju 88 was the most variants, airframe V7 being

22 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
U P D AT E S

and in the 88C itted with passive later FuG 220 SN-2 (Hirschgweih) rendered Jumo engines included looking to add detail and
and active radar. radar. There's lots of very nice with the possibility of partial access experiment with painting.
plastic in the box, quite a lot of through removable cowling panels. Four colour schemes are offered,
ICM's latest incarnation of the Ju
which will end up consigned as ICM's instructions are clear and
88 traces its origins back to the new in all cases with reference to Revell
spares, potentially re-usable with unambiguous and previous
tool Ju 88-A5 bomber issue (48232) and Tamiya paints, although the
careful labelling and storage. The experience of this company's later
of 2015, an excellent kit which has main colours are of course RLM
kit has a credible interior out of the releases suggests that the build will
subsequently been reboxed by standards and therefore adaptable
box, but given its prior history, be relatively trouble free. It's a kit
Hasegawa, Revell and Special to other manufacturers' products.
there's already plenty of that would suit all abilities, a
Hobby and which in this night aftermarket stuff that can be relative novice moving into more Another excellent release of a
ighter variant includes new sprues accessed, from complete interiors complex twin engined airframes as well-known aircraft, in a particularly
for the Lichtenstein FuG 202 and the to mask sets. There are two nicely well as an experienced modeller dramatic variant.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 23


BOOKREVIEWS

A look at some of the latest publications


received for review Edited by Ernie Lee
Bulgarian Fighter Colours restoration of a rare iconic aircraft and it has Publisher: Kagero
1919-1948 Volume One been captured in all its glorious detail. The ISBN: 978 83661 481 85
Author: Denes Bernad photographs were taken with the co- Format: Paperback, 28 pages, A4
Publisher: Mushroom Model Publications operation of the National Naval Aviation The decision to start
ISBN: 978 83659 581 81 Museum staff, thus assuring adequate access the production of the
Format: Hardback, 296 pages, A4 to the cockpit and other details. Curtiss P-40 ighter
This is yet another This CD will make an excellent reference for was made primarily
subject that has had the any of the AM-1 kits now on the market. It due to the relatively
little coverage as far as is just the thing for all those details modellers low airframe price and
the modeller is like to add! the possibility of
concerned. Early Priced at an affordable $12.00 each including launching it almost
sections of this book postage*, these CDs may be ordered from immediately, based
cover a multitude of Steve Muth, Peregrine Publishing, 70 The on Curtiss P-36s
issues, including Promenade, Glen Head, NY 11545, USA, by ready fuselages.
among other things a telephone on (516)759-1089, by FAX on Constantly changing demands on its
discussion on (516)759-1034 or email at performance led to a great many changes to
camoulage paints sgmuth@optonline.net. Payment by check on the basic airframe so these drawings will
and colours of Bulgarian aircraft a US bank in dollars or Pay Pal. prove of immense value to any modeller
of this period, rebirth of the Air Force and wishing to come to grips with the subject in
*For foreign orders add $12.00 US dollars for
identiication colours and codes. This takes up depth.
postage.
some sixty two pages. We then move on the The book includes six colour proiles and a
individual aircraft types and the author has separate A4 colour art print.
gone into this in great detail. Take for instance Sukhoi Su-27 and 30/33/34/35 www.casematepublishers.co.uk
the irst subject, the Fokker D.VII. We get a Author: Yeim Gordon and Dmitriy
number of photographs and a couple of Komissarow
colour proiles, both of which, if they Publisher: Hikoki Publications Ltd Air War Archive
appeared on your branch display table, would ISSN: 978 19108 091 81 Luftwaffe Training Aircraft: The training
cause a bit of a stir. All told there are ten Format: Hardback, 750 pages, A4 of Germany’s pilots and aircrew through
different aircraft types covered, many of rare archive photographs
This is a new and revised
which can be found in kit form and the
edition which now Author: Chris Goss
various forms of national insignia can be
covers not only the Su- Publisher: Frontline Books
found in the market place.
27 but all its later ISBN: 978 14738 995 20
I cannot remember ever seeing a book on this variants. The volume Format: Paperback, 180 pages, 245mm by
subject of this quality and I can recommend it starts with the usual 190mm
to the discerning aviation enthusiast. With the information on the
promise of a second volume it will certainly Training aircraft have
concept and follows
ill a gap in your bookcase. never really been as
through to the T 10
popular with
www.mmpbooks.biz prototypes and the
modellers as their
Ernie Lee subsequent variants.
more exciting
Apart from an
operational siblings,
extremely detailed text you will ind a vast
but before you
New AM-1 Mauler Aircraft number of colour photographs, three view
casually dismiss this
Walkaround CD drawings cataloguing the prototypes
book out of hand
development, sets of three view colour
Detailed Photo Essay on CD there may be more to
drawings and colour proiles.
interest your average
Author: Steve Muth Coverage of the new generation starts with warmonger than you might at irst think.
Publisher: Peregrine Publishing the Su-27M, and so it goes on, even covering
Format: CD Rom The book starts with a brief introduction
the Chinese variant. There is a huge section
describing the Luftwaffe’s aircrew training
This CD on the discussing the aircraft in action. I just wonder
systems from the service’s creation in 1935,
AM-1 Mauler if the Kremlin has seen this book? If not I
and is then split in to nine main sections, each
features detail suggest they get a copy, as there must be
covering a particular manufacturer’s aircraft,
colour stuff in it that even they do not know about.
from Arado to Messerschmitt. Containing
photographs Lastly I must mention the relatively low price over 260 black and white photographs, many
aimed at the you have to pay for the be all and end all of that have not been published before, with
scale modeller Su-27 references. Oh and by the way, when well written and informative captions, there
and aero you strengthen your book shelf for this book, are generally only one or two photos per
enthusiast. remember that this publisher has at least two page, so they are printed pleasingly large,
Published in more Soviet monsters for later this year. allowing many of the details to be seen,
word and JPEG format for near universal
If you are a Russian aircraft enthusiast, then which will be very useful to modellers.
access and simplicity, the author presents
clear detail photographs of the cockpit, this is a must. Photographic books of real aeroplanes don’t
landing gear, wheel wells, exhausts, wing fold www.crecy.co.uk always make for good modellers’ books, but
and other details of interest. This CD follows Ernie Lee this one does, offering lots of close-up detail
on from the acclaimed twelve page booklets shots, and as such this book can be safely
and other previously published CDs by recommended to anyone with an interest in
Peregrine Publishing. Curtiss P-40 B/C/D/E World War II, the Luftwaffe in general or
Top Drawings 68 training aircraft in particular.
The photographs were taken of the AM-1 at
the National Museum of Naval Aviation at www.pen-and-sword.co.uk
Author: Mariusz Lukasik
Pensacola, Florida. This is an accurate Neil Robinson

24 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
TO M C AT

In Search of Paradise…
By Rick Greenwood

and no space is wasted, with the eleven sprues application as the cockpit.
all protected within plastic bags. A one part All the cockpit consoles and instrument
lower section and a clear sprue make up the panels feature a wealth of raised details. These
reminder of the plastic parts. The paperwork were all painted Gunze Tire Black before detail
included consists of a full colour painting guide painting of the switches, buttons and dials took
for the four options included in the kit, along place, their colours being thoughtfully provided
with a small information booklet and the by Tamiya in magniied views of the parts in
instruction guide. A set of masks and a small each stage of the instructions where applicable.
vinyl sticker sheet, along with a bag of screws,
completed the contents of the kit. Decals are provided to represent the
computer/television screens for both the front
instrument panel and the rear. Both the screens
The Build Commences are provided in clear plastic that has a
Grumman F-14D Tomcat corresponding solid plastic part to adhere to
Studying the twenty four page instruction
Kit No: 61118 booklet prior to cutting plastic is a must. With making up the complete panel. Two decal
four differing airframes catered for, the modeller options are given for powered up or down
Scale: 1/48 options. They it well and settled into the recess
needs to remain alert to the build option of their
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic choice throughout the process as it would be all provided with the help of Daco Red setting
too easy to trip up and select an item not solution. Quite a bit of light can be seen through
Manufacturer: Tamiya applicable for your intended variant. For the the clear sections making them look very
The Hobby Company/Tamiya USA purpose of this build option C was followed for translucent, so the rear part of each was painted
an airframe operated by VF-2 Bounty Hunters. black to aid light fastness.

T
he proclamation of a new Tamiya offering The cockpit is the irst stage of the lengthy Separate side walls are provided and these
always causes a little excitement in the assembly sequence and is broken down into were carefully painted Dark Gull Grey as per the
scale modelling world, and the release of four major sections. Stage one deals with the rest of the cockpit before I hand painted the
their F-14A back in 2016 was no exception. The bare cockpit tub to which various front and rear black instrument areas and khaki coloured map
keyboard warriors were off the starting blocks in bulkheads are added, along with the rudder case. Once again the parts were given a wash to
no time on the many modelling related forums pedals and control sticks. The whole tub was weather the inal effects of the paintwork
and social media sites. The lack of separate light assembled as per the suggested sequence and together for a consistent look across the whole
controls was the main concern for many and the painted Dark Gull Grey FS36231. Hataka Orange cockpit. Happy with the inal results the whole
possible exclusion of any weapons, an idea irst Line C044 was used for the base colour before tub was given a sealing coat of Tamiya Flat
seen in this brand’s 1/72 scale F-16 C kit. With the being broken up with a lighter mix to add a little Varnish XF86. Once dry small drops of Johnsons
A model released the weapons were thankfully depth and interest. A thinned down mix of Flory Klear loor polish were used to represent the
provided and it was clear from the parts Models Dark Dirt Wash was then added making glazed fronts of the instrument faces, and the
breakdown alternative versions were being sure it ran in to the corners and edges of the tub cockpit was then set aside while the build
considered. Enter the D model, which saw its to replicate the appearance of a little wear and progressed.
initial release some two years later. dirt. Once allowed to dry part H2 was added Stage ive of the instruction booklet focussed
Lifting the lid the box is crammed with after being painted white and on the nose gear bay. Multiple parts are well
plastic parts treated to the same wash detailed with a nice basic representation of the
pipes and cables found in this environment.

The kit supplied decal sheet Hataka Orange Line Modern Grey set used in the build

26 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
TO M C AT

Fightertown decals as used in the build A close up shot of the inal weathering applied between the wings,
were found to be a top quality product note the raised joint/seam is supposed to be there so don’t try and
and a joy to use correct the it

sections was perfect and the outer


gun vent panel that is provided was All White Now
also found to be a precise it leaving As the next stage of the build required many
no difference between the surrounding of the parts to be painted white, each item that
Careful
panel line details and the joint. Excellent stuff was required was removed from the runners and
painting as directed by Tamiya
Tamiya! had any trace of the attachments points
followed by another wash brought excellent
results. Of note is that the top of the nose gear The small vinyl sticker provided has to be removed and cleaned up with a ine green core
leg is separate (part G15) and has to be added at added at this point around the rear crew access Flory Models dual sander. The internal intake
this stage of the build, but by not cementing the step. Another insert is then required at the front parts and main gear bay sidewalls were in turn
retraction arm in place at this point the gear leg of the nose gear bay and again the it was taken to the spray booth and painted with
portion can simply be swung lat and stored out perfect apart from a very small gap that was Alclad white primer. Once allowed to dry a
of harm’s way to save damage during handling. illed by a little extra glue being added. Back on inishing coat of Tamiya Gloss White X2 was used
the upper surface the rear decking was added in preparation for the application of a wash later.
The cockpit tub was then glued securely to
after irst being painted black. A little bit of The undercarriage main bays were then built up
the top of the completed gear bay and the glue
pressure was needed to the fuselage sides while as per the instructions and again no issues
allowed ample drying time.
the glue dried to stop them splaying open along found. Once dry a diluted mix of Flory Model
The front fuselage section is provided as two the sills. This could impede the it of the canopy Dark Dirt Wash was applied to bring out the
vertically split portions to which the completed if being added in the closed position later in the raised details and to tone down the bright white
cockpit and gear bay are held precisely in place build. inish.
by means of four stout location points so there is
simply no way the modeller can get it wrong! The inner portions of the jet intakes were then
Options are included for an open or closed in- Swing Wing added to the required locations within the lower
light refuelling door. Reference photos show fuselage section.
Referring to stage nine of the instruction
that during the time frame the marking options booklet the assembly of the mechanism to It’s at this point the three rear fuselage
depict in the kit it was possible that the outer swing the wings is explained clearly by means of sections are joined together. The it is perfect but
cover was removed while on operations, exploded view diagrams. A full size screw a cautious approach and a couple of dry runs
showing the in-light refuelling probe in the selection diagram is also provided for the screws will help the modeller ind out how the three
stowed position. Equally though photos show that need to be used for each location. Glue is parts join up. The only area that caused some
the door itted so it pays to check the exact date not required during this stage of the build, and head scratching during this trial period was the
and time you plan for your build, especially if care was taken not to over tighten each screw as union between the fuselage’s midsection. There
using aftermarket decals. it was inserted. appeared to be a mismatch between the section
Before joining the fuselage levels with the wings forming a V shape towards
With the assembly now operational ensure
together don’t forget to the rear of the aircraft. No matter how the joint
that the teeth on the geared section line up
add part B11, the was approached it was
before adding the centre cross member as per
gun muzzle. The stage ten. No issues were noted during this
it of the two phase of construction and it was simple to
follow and understand.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 27


TO M C AT

always raised and unsightly. The penny then the external parts of the engine nacelles painted spending a little extra time masking and
dropped… It’s supposed to be like that! Online it was time to focus on the internal sections. The painting each one in turn.
photos of Tomcats showing this area prove it’s lame holder was painted as described and then
an accurate depiction of the area, being visible had a Dark Dirt Wash applied to bring out the
on nearly all the photos checked. So after this detail. As the jet cans are quite wide these parts Wings and Things
little crisis all was well and the parts were glued are going to be visible to the viewer when the The wings are uncomplicated and have
together from the inside where possible so as model is completed and warrant a little extra attracted some criticism for not having any of
not to mark the visible surface area. time being spent here. the light controls such as laps, spoilers and
Now up to stage fourteen the outer intake The rear engine ducting was then painted leading edge slats deployable. In defence of
sections were worked upon. Only partial intake internally with matt white and while the white Tamiya, in practice many Tomcats were stored
trunking is supplied and this terminates sensibly was in the airbrush the internal surfaces of the on or below decks with the wings in the over
at the irst stage compressor face. The internal jet cans were also painted in the same manner. sweep position and as such the controls would
surfaces of these parts had been painted white remain in a neutral pose. Overall it’s up to the
Once the white had dried Tamiya XF-78 Deck modeller to decide which is better. I remain
already and had the masks supplied in the kit Tan was thinned considerably with Mr Hobby
carefully cut out and itted in place. The engine irmly sat on the fence!
Self Levelling Thinners and streaks were applied
face was then painted with MRP Steel and had by airbrush to the white inner surfaces The wings were joined together in two parts,
Dark Dirt Wash added to bring out the detail. replicating the heat stained ceramics found in top and bottom. The it was as perfect as can be
Once dry they were cemented in place and itted this area. This was left to dry before revisiting the expected and the wings then simply slid onto
into the recessed location on the lower fuselage. same area with a diluted mix of the Dark Dirt the stubs assembled earlier in the build with the
The it was once again spot on and the smaller Wash being applied towards the lips of the swing mechanism. A positive in my opinion as it
panels at the rear were an almost drop in it too. nozzles to replicate a little more soot and dirt. makes handling and painting the model a lot
The nose section was then test itted to the Once the desired results had been achieved a easier.
rear fuselage and this had to be the highlight of coat of protective matt varnish was then applied. The horizontal tail sections are broken down
the kit for me as the it was so good that it would Replicating the metallic look of the external into a similar fashion with a stout location pin
hold its own weight without glue. Careful surfaces of the jet cans was the next task to be mating them to the fuselage. The emphasis of
application of superglue to the locating tabs tackled. Alclad Duraluminium was used as a the build then switched to attaching the vertical
ensured that no glue smears would compromise metallic base coat in the irst instance. The entire tail surfaces, which again were in two separate
the look of the joints and they are more or less area to be worked on was irst cleaned with left and right hand parts.
invisible to all but those that have built the kit, airbrush cleaner and allowed to air dry. The It was found easier to attach the engine parts
as we know where they are! Alclad was then applied at low pressure by at this stage temporally with PVA glue to
airbrush in light coats straight on to the bare ascertain if a good it was possible and to assist
Exhausting work plastic. Try to avoid pools or looding of the in the painting stages for a consistent approach
paint at this stage as it will allow the solvent to the weathering to follow.
One of the deining differences between the A thinners to eat into the plastic resulting in a
and D are the engines, and this makes a When itted the vertical tails overlap this area
rough inish. and could make life a little difficult in terms of
signiicant change to the rear of the aircraft.
Tamiya have left this area of the jet exhaust as a Once the irst couple of light mist coats had masking and painting them a separate colour to
separate insert and this was one of the tell tale been applied successive heavier coats of the the airframe.
signs that other versions were to be kitted when Alclad were then applied to build up a smooth The construction of major items of the build
the F-14 A was irst released. inish. Once this base coat had fully dried MRP out of the way, there was only the underbelly
148 Exhaust Metal was then applied to the weapon mounting pallets and some blanking
Starting at stage twenty in the instruction edges of the jet can to impart a slightly darker
booklet the modeller has to build up two good pieces for the recessed missile bays to be added
burnt shade towards their openings. Taking a before thinking about the irst coat of primer.
examples of the General Electric exhaust look at reference photos there seams to be a
nozzles. The rearmost part of the slight gold/yellow tint to the exhaust, which was
fuselage/engine section is supplied as separate replicated by spraying a very thin ninety percent Well Primed
items that need a decal to be applied. This thinners to ten percent paint mix of Vallejo
represents the cross weave pattern seen with The model was then washed in warm soapy
metallic gold over the whole surface area. water and scrubbed with an old toothbrush to
the composite make up of the item on the real
aircraft, and was one of the areas of concern Once dry a gloss coat of Johnsons Klear loor remove and build debris and inger grease etc. It
found in the kit as the decals supplied are rather polish was applied in preparation for decal was then left to air dry before the irst coat of AK
poor, being quite thick and in some cases poorly application. Each petal is separated by a darker Interactive Grey Filler Primer was applied by
printed. An alternative solution was required to segment and these are provided in the kit by airbrush. The irst check up was favourable with
replicate the patterns found here so an individual decals. These were applied in quick only two slight areas of concern to take care of,
emergency supply drop was requested for a pair succession and namely the seam line behind each wing area.
of the daughter’s tights! Parts M3 and M4 were Daco Red After a quick tour round the rest of the model
irst painted Gunze Tire Black (H73) and left to setting with a ine grit sanding sponge some errant glue
dry fully. Cutting small sections of the material solution marks were removed and another coat of primer
from the tights a couple of practise sessions used to added as a prelude to painting.
were carried out to determine the amount of help
stretch required around the parts to obtain an them adhere.
appropriate size mesh effect from the nylon. The inal look is okay but Grey Grey Grey
Once a suitable size was found each piece of the it might be worth Not quite ifty
material was then stretched around the parts shades
and a light coat of Dark Gull Grey sprayed over
them. Once they were removed the net
effect of the material from the
tights makes a nice subtle
effect.
With

28 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
TO M C AT

but none the less quite a few would be used product is the fact it’s a water based clay standard, being quite thick on the backing paper
during the painting process. Naval aircraft by solution and any erroneous applications can but none the less perfectly printed. The kit
nature tend to weather quite badly while on simply be washed away with a little tap water. options are as follows:
deployment, and need constant attention from With the overall effect now in place on the • F-14 D 164602 VF-123 Black Lions CAG Bird
the ground crew to prevent the ingress of salt undersides a very thin mist coat of Xtracrylix March 2006 USS Theodore Roosevelt
water and the potential for corrosion. While not FS36375 was applied. The mix was in the region
wanting to end up with a really dirty airframe, it • F-14 D 164342 VF-101 Grim Reapers
of ninety ive percent thinners to ive percent September 2004
was intended to add just enough weathering to paint and this was used as a blending in coat to
show it had been to sea. Looking at the kit give a pleasing regular inish to the work carried • F-14 D 163894 VF-2 Bounty Hunters CAG Bird
supplied markings there was little choice in this out so far. Once dry a protective sealing coat of May 2003 USS Constellation
instance as all four options could be classed as Johnsons Klear loor polish was applied to ix the • F-14 D 163904 VF-11 Red Rippers CAG Bird
CAG birds or special paintings, which are clay wash in place as it would soon vanish once 1995 USS Carl Vinson
inevitably kept clean. water from the application of the decals came While the main sheet is well produced
Paint of choice for this build was the Orange into contact with it. unfortunately this can’t be said for the smaller
Line of lacquer based paints from Hataka. These The sides of the fuselage, vertical tails and the stencil sheet. The weapons stencil data just
come in handy sets to get you started but a few front side proile of the nose are another shade, didn’t seem to want to adhere to the items they
retail outlets now sell the single bottles to this time FS36320. Again the Hataka product were intended for and copious amounts of
replenish common colours without the need to was used as the overall base coat in these areas setting solution was required to even get them
buy the whole set once again. Surprisingly when although this time around the same paint to conirm to the curvature of the missiles
mixed with their own brand of thinners there is reference but from Gunze/Mr Hobby was used to bodies. The printing looked to be poorly done
very little odour from the mix, considering their portray the blotched and bleached effects in too with the brown bands for the Phoenix and
make up. A test session on a white piece of those areas. Dark Dirt Wash was utilised once AIM-9 missiles being especially bad as you can
plastic card showed that they spray well when more as the weathering medium and particular see the dots making up the print, very
thinned down considerably from the bottle and attention was paid to the access panels adjacent reminiscent of the Airix Nimrod problems a few
result in a really smooth semi matt inish. to the rear canopy and along the fuselage side years back.
The aircraft was painted in the three colour to replicate the many grubby ground crew There are many alternative decal sheets for
grey scheme applied later in the service life of gloves contacting the fasteners etc. these items so it’s not the end of the world but
the F-14 and consists of FS35237 Blue Grey To inish off the painting the darkest colour considering the price of the kit the modeller
upper surfaces, FS36320 Dark Ghost Grey for the FS35237 was applied in the same manner as the should be getting a better quality product.
sides of the nose and the vertical tails and others, this time to the topside of the airframe
horizontal faces of the fuselage, with the lighter This forced me to source substitute markings
only. Extra effort was put in to replicating the for the kit as the risk that the main markings
grey shade reserved for the underside, listed as weathering between the wings as the photos
FS3675 Light Ghost Grey. would perform in a similar way was deemed too
used showed this to be an area that attracts a lot great. No decals were used in this build from the
What turned out to be a marathon painting of grime. The whole process lasted a number of main sheet so sadly no comments can be made
session got underway with the application of the weeks as the inal result was painstakingly in terms of their performance. There are a
under surface colour. Starting with the Hataka reproduced. plethora of aftermarket sheets out there for this
paint a uniform layer was added where required Once any areas that needed touch up or kit and for Tomcats in general so the modeller
and left to dry. This is quite a short time as the remedial action had been attended to the model really is spoilt for choice. Turing to Fightertown
lacquer paint soon dries but to be sure it was left was sprayed with Johnsons Klear to build up a Decals for my choice of markings their newly
for around an hour. protective gloss coat for the application of the released Tomcats At War Part Three Bravo Delta
The lengthy process of weathering the wash and then the decals. The gloss coat was Haze Grey sheet offers a Lo-Vis version of the VF-
undersides commenced with the application of polished up to a mirror inish with various 2 machine that looked to offer a little more
random patches of lighter grey mixed from the grades of micromesh cloths used with warm interest due to the Langley stripe and tail art.
original colour by adding a little white. This mix water with a drop of washing up liquid added for The sheet contains a wealth of marking options
was very diluted and was applied carefully by a little lubrication. The inal 12,000 grade was for some of the most popular squadrons to
airbrush using a low air pressure. Over time the then used to obtain the super relective and operate the Tomcat.
patches break up the monotone effects of the smooth surface. The decals sheet was found to be A4 sized
base colour, and when the desired level had Any areas that were considered still to be a and a smaller insert
been obtained work stopped. little rough were sanded smooth with the green
Next a darker shade was mixed and the side of the Flory Models weathering/polishing
process repeated this time focusing on the more sander before being inished with the white side.
structural elements of the surface such as raised With the paintwork now well protected from
areas and panel lines. Again it’s easy to overdue further handling it was time to add the decals. sheet
things here so stop when you think it’s starting was
to look overdone. also
Decal Application
Diluting the Flory Models Dark Dirt Wash, a
thin mix was added to the airbrush colour cup The kit comes with four provided.
and then applied to replicate the spread of dirt different marking options for F- The
along the underside and into areas where more 14 Ds in various stages of printing is
heavy deposits and staining showed up in the their service life. The main irst class
reference photos. The nice thing about using this kit markings are the but the decal
usual Tamiya placement
could cause a
little confusion
at times. During
application they
responded
very well to

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 29


TO M C AT

Daco Red setting solution and really did bed With the model on its legs the gear doors The centre section of the front windscreen
down over the raised details, which was quite were added and again it was nice and easy. The was then masked inside and had Alclad
important given the detail they had to cover on red edges to the doors were added with a red Armoured Glass applied inside to replicate the
the vertical tail area. Once the decals had dried sharpie pen for ease and a couple of passes were green colour often seen in this area. The internal
and any watermarks removed they were sealed all that was needed. Two drop tanks are rails were added to the centre section before
under a coat of Johnsons Klear applied locally. provided for the under intake pylons and these adding the transparent parts to the waiting
Before progressing with the remainder of the had already been constructed and painted at the model.
build, Flory Models Dark Dirt Wash was applied same time as the fuselage, so that the The crew access ladder was painted and built
over the entire surface of the model. This was weathering was consistent across the parts. up before it was secured with superglue to
then allowed to dry before removal. Using a dry Weapons are provided for all versions and complete the build. All that was left to do was to
cotton bud and kitchen roll the wash was load outs and these are highlighted in the stand back and admire the inal result.
rubbed away in the direction of airlow to reveal instruction booklet in stage thirty eight. Trying
the intricate surface detail found on the kit. Any to get a good mix for ordnance on the airframe
stubborn areas were removed with a cotton bud to show off the difference between this and the Final Thoughts
dipped in tap water and wrung out to remove Air Superiority A model was the driving force in Not much to say apart from the kit is perfect
excess liquid before use. choosing load out A from the list. This consisted in terms of it and engineering. There were no
of two AIM-9L Sidewinders on the outer wing problem areas at all and the whole build was as
Is the End in Sight? rails with a LANTIRN pod accompanying the it should be; enjoyable. The kit really does build
starboard missile, while the huge AIM 54 itself and would be suitable for any level of
Not quite yet. Looking at the to do list there Phoenix air-to-air missile is on the port side. modelling experience. The quality of the stencil
was still a great deal to be taken care of at this decals was unfortunate given the cost of the kit
stage. The temptation to dive in and rush to the On the underside front pallets are placed both
a GBU 12 and GBU 31 JDAM, the rear ones are and really should be replaced.
inish line was a great challenge and a more
sedate route was needed to avoid messing the left empty. The whole project was pleasing from start to
model up at this stage. There were still a few bits and pieces left over inish and despite the many hours of painting
to go in the spares box including the TARPS pod. and weathering, the inal result is very
The irst thing to complete was to bring all the rewarding.
separate parts of the fuselage together and A very comprehensive selection indeed.
secure them permanently. The jet cans were The ejection seats were then added to the Many thanks must go to The Hobby Co for the
prised off and the PVA glue peeled away from cockpit along with all the smaller pitot tubes and review kit, and replacement undercarriage door,
the mating surfaces before they were reattached aerials before an application of semi matt to Fightertown decals for their help
with very careful application of Tamiya quick varnish inished the building and painting stage. when needed, and to Hataka for
setting extra thin cement. The separate jet cans All that remained was the canopy and crew the paint set.
were then added again with a tiny drop of glue. access ladder as these could have been easily Wholeheartedly
Superglue was employed to secure the damaged by handling the model through the recommended. 10/10
vertical tails to the fuselage while the wings later stages. Tamiya supply masks that the despite the decals.
were held in place with Gator Grip Acrylic model modeller must cut from the sheet for the canopy Until next time…
glue so as to lessen the risk of gluing them in but with a steady hand they worked well. Black
one position and limiting their swinging ability. was the irst layer of paint to be laid down before
progressing on the top fuselage colour of
With the wings in place weathering of the FS35237. A couple of decals for the crew
area underneath the mounting plates could be names were added to
accomplished easily. each sill and a coat of
To achieve the dirty worn look a black clay the same semi
wash was used. This was added with a
wide lat

paintbrush in
an arc shaped pattern as created
when the wings swing. Once dry this was ixed
in place with a coat of matt varnish.
With the fuselage
and wings now
done the

attention
of the build
focused on getting the
model to sit on its
undercarriage so that the
pylons and weapons could be
itted. Diving back into the kit
instruction book at stage twenty
four the undercarriage was built up painted
and added to the model as suggested. The gear
legs feature some well rendered detail that was
brought to life with a grey wash added on top
on the gloss white just to highlight the detail
without being over the top. Everything itted matt
where it should and was tacked in place with varnish
superglue and allowed to dry before an applied
application of Tamiya Extra Thin was used for before
added security. removing the
masking.

30 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
PA N T H E R

F9F-2 Panther Bu.No


123494 of ighter
squadron VF-21 on
the aircraft carrier
Grumman’s First Jetcat By Richard Mason USS Midway while
assigned to Carrier Air
Group Six and
deployed to the
Mediterranean Sea
from 9th January
1952 to 5th May 1952

G
rumman’s famous ‘cats’ spanned decades as well as Grumman’s irst jet ighter. A single to boast about, its chief claim to fame being that
of ighter aircraft production with some of engined, straight winged day ighter, it was used it was the irst aircraft to succeed in shooting
the most famous and successful designs extensively by the US Navy and Marine Corps in itself down…
ever. In World War II the Paciic was dominated the Korean War and was also the irst jet aircraft Despite the gulf between them in terms of
by ighters from the famous Ironworks, but the used by the Blue Angels aerobatics team, from performance and design one cannot help but
earlier post war years’ output has been less 1949 through late 1954. Total F9F production note a family resemblance between the irst and
celebrated. was 1,382. The design evolved into the swept last of Grumman’s jet ighters. If you are inspired
The Grumman F9F Panther was one of the US wing Grumman F-9 Cougar, after which the by the F-14 then what better model to build
Navy's irst successful carrier based jet ighters, unsung F-11 Tiger provided Grumman with little next than its stubby progenitor!

F9F-5 Panthers of VF-111 Sundowners on the light deck of the aircraft carrier USS Lake
Champlain in Hong Kong harbour in 1953. VF-111 was assigned to Carrier Air Group Four during
the deployment to Korea and the Western Paciic from 30th June 1953 to 4th December 1953

F9F-2s from VF-51 during a sortie over Korea in 1951-52. VF-51


was assigned to Carrier Air Group 5 aboard the aircraft carrier
USS Essex for a deployment to Korea from 26th June 1951 to
25th March 1952. The pilot of the lead plane, S-107, was Lt. JG
George Russell. S-116 was lown by Ens. Neil Armstrong

32 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
PA N T H E R

F9F-2s of VF-93 being launched for a mission over Korea from the aircraft carrier USS Philippine
Sea. VF-93 was assigned to Carrier Air Group 9 for a deployment to Korea and the Western Paciic
from 15th December 1952 to 14th August 1953

F9F-3 Panther Bu.No 122562, operated by the Naval Air Test Center at Patuxent River, was itted
with an experimental electro hydraulically driven Emerson Aero X17A roll traverse turret housing
four 12.7mm machine guns, in 1950. The idea was that the aircraft could destroy enemy bombers
while avoiding the ire of the tail gunner. The guns could be directed at any angle from directly
forward to twenty degrees aft, and the gun mount could roll 360 degrees. The roll rate was 100
degrees per second, and the guns could be traversed at up to 200 degrees per second.
Unfortunately, the volume required for the ire control system avionics, and the sheer weight of the
turret, made it impractical for single seat ighters and the program was cancelled in early 1954

F9F-2 Panther Bu.No 123030 of VF-24 in light


over Kojo Island, South Korea

F9F-2 Panthers of VF-52 and VF-111 on the


light deck of the USS Valley Forge in 1951-52. New to the Warpaint series, Warpaint 119
Valley Forge, with assigned Air Task Group 1, offers a comprehensive account of the design,
was deployed to Korea from 15th October development and deployment of Grumman’s
1951 to 3rd July 1952 irst jet ighter

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 33


H E I N K E L H E 279 / H E 280

Heinkel’s Enigmas By Huw Morgan

T
he Heinkel He279 is an enigma; one of
those German designs from the early
1940s that might or might not have
existed, not really a Luft '46, since if it did exist it
was based on real metal, but certainly not well
enough documented to be unequivocal, its
history, should there be one, having been
essentially lost.
Alongside the conventional face of the air war
in the early years of World War II, both the Axis
and Allied aviation industries were hard at work
inventing the next generation, not only in
aerodynamics, but especially in the ield of
reaction propulsion, by thermal jet or rocket. In Heinkel He279 Heinkel He 280 ProiPACK
Germany three of the biggest concerns, Heinkel,
Kit No: MX4857 Kit No: 8086
Junkers and BMW, were contracted to develop
turbojet engines, Heinkel being somewhat out Scale: 1/48 Scale: 1/48
of political favour at the time, and its startling Type: Resin Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
irst jet powered design, the He178, the irst such
aircraft to ly in August 1939, twenty months
Manufacturer: Master-X Manufacturer: Eduard
ahead of Gloster's G28/39, being dismissed out www.master-x.wz.cz www.eduard.com

Included in the Master-X kit is a clear injected


plastic sprue for the canopy and a set of
The master-X kit is made up of thirty three resin pieces, many of which look similar to the plastic canopy masks which carry the Eduard part
found in the Eduard kit numbers

The Eduard He 280 kit included alternative The Eduard moulding is quite nice, but given the kit's age isn't as sharp or comprehensive as more
Jumo 004 (right) or HeS8 engines (left) recent offerings

34 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H E I N K E L H E 279 / H E 280

of hand by Goering and the RLM. Ernst Heinkel's airframe, both the He 280 and the HeS8 engines current, albeit very limited, release of the He 280,
shabby treatment by the German air hierarchy were summarily cancelled in March 1943 to which I wanted to depict as a prototype, to
caused the company to consolidate on internal focus effort on the Me 262 and the Jumo 004. compare with a rather speculative end of war
projects, and despite the official encouragement He279 expedient ighter, potentially deployed to
to Junkers and BMW, and consequently to help defend jet interceptor airields, or to take
Messerschmitt for the Me 262, work continued
He279
part in high-altitude bomber interceptions.
on the Heinkel version of the twin jet ighter, the Master-X are a small company noted for
He 280. producing all resin models of rather obscure
types, here a 1/48 scale version of what must be He280
The He280 was an elegant design, with
one of the most obscure types out there! Eduard's He 280 seemed only to have a short
underslung engines like the later Me 262, and
Interestingly the He 280 twin jet sibling has been shelf life, appearing initially in 1999 as several
which was produced as at least seven
produced in plastic by Eduard in various editions plain and ProiPACK versions having varying
development airframes, but didn't enter volume
in 1/48 and by several manufacturers in 1/72, complements of plastic, resin and metal. After
production. The design did have a useful life as
and as we shall see, Master-X's He 279 bears a almost disappearing, nearly twenty years later
an engine development vehicle, being itted at
various times with the indigenous Heinkel strong resemblance to the Eduard offering, the kit was rereleased briely in 2018 in a
HeS8a, Junkers Jumo 004 and Argus As 014 indeed the cockpit canopy included with tHe279 simpliied ProiPACK form without the resin
pulse jet power plants. The airframe was in injected plastic rather than resin, appears wheels and white metal nose weight of the
conventional in construction, with a typical semi absolutely identical to that offered in the Eduard original. Availability seems to have dropped off
elliptic Heinkel wing plan form and tricycle ProiPACK He280, even to the extent of including again, and the kit is no longer listed as current
undercarriage. masks with the same die-cut codes, unequivocal on Eduard's website, so get one if you see it! The
evidence of a positive collaboration. kit is typical of Eduard in having clean mouldings
This is where the He 279 makes its reputed with excellent surface detail and although detail
appearance. That the He 280 prototypes existed Otherwise the Master-X kit is made up of
thirty four resin parts which are reasonably cast, is a bit simpliied, there's the option of either the
is beyond doubt, but some evidence has Jumo 004 or HeS8 engines and the ProiPACK
surfaced in the last twenty years that one He 280 although there are some ragged edges here and
there, and the one piece wing has some surface boxing includes masks and an otherwise
airframe was converted to have plain wings unavailable fret of etched brass (I really wanted
without engine nacelles, and a conventional laws and pinholes which will need ixing.
Overall assembly looks straightforward. When to buy another for the Master-X kit but couldn't
propeller drive, power being provided by the source it). Three schemes are offered, all in
complex 2,500hp Daimler-Benz DB601/4/5 compared with the plastic Eduard He280, the
resin wing of the Master-X He279 is some 10mm overall RLM02 grey, and representing
twenty four cylinder X form engine mounted preproduction V2, V3 and V8 airframes, the V3
amidships with a long drive shaft to the four shorter in span, all the loss being in the inner
panels where the jet engines have been having the HeS8 engines, the other two itted
bladed propeller, previously used in the same
removed. The reduced span isn't too noticeable with Jumos. Not surprisingly given its age, the kit
coniguration in the He115 reconnaissance
in the inished model, the biggest effect being to is relatively simple with no options for poseable
platform, and with a degree of success in the
reduce the track of the undercarriage. control surfaces, although an opened canopy is
He177 bomber. There remains serious doubt
possible.
over whether this was a lying example, or A single scheme is offered for the He 279,
merely a mock-up produced for propaganda almost certainly speculative, of White 8 in a RLM
purposes as many references attest and which 70/71/65 splinter scheme more appropriate to a Build
several photographs suggest, showing a distinct late war bomber, understandable if the intent Both kits have a relatively simple cockpit, with
model appearance, with no sag in the tyres and was propaganda, but more likely to be representations of the prototype Heinkel
some misalignment in the undercarriage legs! something like overall RLM 02 for a prototype in ejection seat and conventional side consoles
As it happens, the He 280 failed to gain the early 1940s, or RLM 75/74/76 for a heavy and instrument panel. Both are remarkably
sufficient support among the Luftwaffe ighter. similar to each other in detail, albeit in either
hierarchy to allow it to survive, and despite its I had decided that an interesting comparison plastic or resin, with that for the He 279 being
early lead over the Messerschmitt 262, which could be made between the two airframes, so much narrower to accommodate the thicker
ended up looking remarkably like the Heinkel was lucky enough to lay my hands on Eduard's resin fuselage walls. The etched brass of the He

A few of the Master-X resin parts had casting


laws that needed ixing, like this expansion
crack in the wing. None of this was too I chose to go with the HeS8 engines as
difficult to remedy something different, with each being made
The photo etched sheet included in the He
up of ten parts, although the internals are
280 proiPACK is a great help, although sadly
rather basic
now unavailable. It would have been very
useful for the Master-X kit

The resin (top) and plastic (bottom) cockpits


The engine shells have ugly knockout marks in One faux pas with the resin parts in my kit was are remarkably similar, although the resin
the exhaust section, which beneit from being that both ins were identical (top) rather than parts are squeezed together to allow for the
ground out handed (bottom) thicker fuselage sides

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 35


H E I N K E L H E 279 / H E 280

280 really lifts the appearance of its cockpit, Despite the lattening process, there remained than the plastic He 280 fuselage, and that
especially the three part instrument panel, and I some minor warping of the resin parts, which packing out the longitudinal joint to this extent
added some detail to that of the He279 by using coupled with the lack of any positive locating would have the beneicial effect of making the
the instrument decals from the Eduard kit, some features suggested that some careful canopy it better, closing the wing root joint up
minor scratch building of the rudder bar and the incremental gluing would be needed to get the and helping with the cockpit it. A secondary
plastic rudder pedals from the He 280 together best it. consequence of all this iddling about was a
with some generic Eduard Luftwaffe seat belts. The He 280 fuselage halves it neatly around realisation that the shape of the resin casting
The cockpits were painted with RLM 02 (Tamiya the detailed cockpit tub but the resin He 279 around the cockpit aperture didn't it the shape
XF-22) for the He 280 prototype and RLM 66 parts need a bit more adjustment and hand of the injected canopy parts very well and that
(Tamiya XF-24) for the notionally operational He inishing to get a reasonable it, in particular the some reproiling would be necessary, preferably
279. Detail was picked out using Vallejo acrylics, resin instrument panel is the same size as the before inally committing to the superglued
and the assemblies lightly weathered using plastic one in the Eduard kit, and on the face of it location of the cockpit internals. My answer to
brown oil paint washes and some light grey and needs some serious reduction in width. It was this was to superglue strips of 1.5mm thick
silver dry brushing. while I was juggling the cockpit and resin plastic strip to the periphery of one fuselage half,
The plastic fuselage halves of the Eduard kit fuselage halves that I decided to dry it the and roughly trip it to the external shape, before
needed no further work other than to paint the fuselage to the wing, and the cockpit canopy to attaching the second half, without any of the
interior RLM 02 and add a few photo etched the fuselage, it becoming immediately obvious internals, using acrylic white glue. I used Pacer
panels but typical of resin models, the Master-X that there were some signiicant gaps in the it 560 canopy glue. Left to dry properly, the white
parts needed some clean-up of lash over the of the former, and that the canopy looked a bit glue provides enough strength to allow the
fuselage apertures and in particular needed the too wide for the cockpit aperture. Measuring the cockpit aperture to be reshaped as a
longitudinal joint faces lattening and width of the fuselages at the cockpit location symmetrical whole, before carefully splitting the
smoothing by rubbing on a sheet of wet and dry conirmed that the resin He 279 items would joint with a sharp knife.
taped to a lat surface such as a piece of glass. assemble into an item some 1.5-2mm narrower Master-X's instructions suggest that there

There's quite a lot of lead needed in the nose


of both models, here around twenty grams in
the plastic He280
An initial trial of the it of the canopy on the
He 279 is disappointing, as the plastic part is
too wide and the curvature of the forward
The Eduard He 280 cockpit, with its etched deck is all wrong
enhancement, just tips the scales in terms of
detail, although the Master-X resin version
with added generic belts and the Eduard
decal isn't far behind

The forward part of the cockpit opening


needed some signiicant reshaping

Finally, the it of the canopy is adequate,


rather than spectacular

Fit of the
wings on
the plastic
He280 is
pretty
good

There is some illing needed around the wing


One part of the remedy for the canopy it was illets for the HeS8 engines, here brushed with
to widen the fuselage using plastic strip superglue to seal the iller

36 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H E I N K E L H E 279 / H E 280

The speculative He279 heavy ighter had


an initial RLM 70/71 camoulage scheme,
while the He 280 received a late war mottle

The two airframes were prepared for paining with some preshading on AK Interactive Worn Effects luid was used to allow the inal blue inish to
the He 280 and a notional camoulage pattern on the He279 be scrubbed off to simulate wear

should be a separate nose wheel bay roof and There's enough room for this above and behind cracking, none of which is difficult to ix with a
rear bulkhead to mirror those in the plastic kit, the nose wheel bay and below the cockpit loor thin application of superglue. The construction
but there's no sign of these in the parts bag, and in both models. With the weight and cockpits in of the Eduard He 280 wings are of conventional
looking at the geometry of the nose wheel bay, place the fuselages can be closed up and the upper and lower halves, and it's necessary to
there seems to be no way they would it anyway. joints fettled, that for the He 279 inevitably open up a couple of slots in each lower half,
Instead the cockpit loor sits signiicantly lower needing more effort because of its widening. It's which depend on the choice of engine. I had
and further forward in the fuselage cavity, and notable that whilst the clear parts offer the decided to go the whole Heinkel hog and use
having compared the lengths of the nose wheel option to show the main canopy parts opened, the HeS8 units of airframe V3. Fitting the wings
legs, it seems that packing out the leg mounting the separate parts for this are about the same isn't difficult although both need some iller,
by some 2mm would result in a very similar sit of width as the closed option, meaning that in both more signiicantly on the underside of the resin
the nose. cases to have them slid back would require them He 279 items where there appears to be some
Before inally closing the fuselages up some to be jammed down on to the fuselage spine, casting distortion. Both wings have identical
nose weight needs to be added. The original with the risk of cracking. clear plastic landing light lenses to set into the
Eduard He 280 release had a very neat cast white The two models have different approaches to leading edges. Again the He 280 items it
metal piece included, which sadly is missing the wing, although the detail outside the centre superbly, while the slightly thinner proile of the
from this issue, but crudely taping the major section is virtually identical. The He 279 has a He 279 resin needs the clear part to be sanded
pieces together and balancing on a round tube one piece resin full span wing with scribed panel lush and polished back to clarity.
suggested that twenty grams for the He 280 and lines but which suffers from some minor laws The twin in empennage is straightforward,
thirty grams for the He 279 would do the trick. from mould parting lines and some thermal although the it of the ins to stabiliser isn't

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 37


H E I N K E L H E 279 / H E 280

fantastic, and the resin parts of the He 279 70/71 greens but my extrapolation of the late war simpliied white Balkenkreutz on the
present an additional problem in that the two Heinkel's role, had it been built, would have fuselage and wing upper surfaces and a nominal
ins in my kit were cast identically, rather than been as a partner to the successful Me 262 jet White 20 code, all from my spares.
handed to suit the ends of the stabiliser. The interceptor, either as an interceptor in its own
Finishing really only needs the undercarriage
solution is easy, albeit unnecessary; drill through right, or more probably, as a companion
to be itted. I used Bare Metal Foil super chrome
to extend the slot on the starboard in to allow it defender of Me 262 airields, in which case I
on the oleo legs and replicated the nice Eduard
to it the stabiliser, then ill the remaining envisioned it having a camoulage scheme very
aperture, sand lush and rescribe. etched brass scissor links for the He 280 with
similar to contemporary Me 262 airframes. Of
thin plastic card on the He 279. Both sets of
The HeS8 (and the Jumo) engines are course, in those later stages of the war, all sorts
undercarriage legs got brake lines from lead foil,
reasonable in their external shape, but show the of variations occurred, but keen to (ironically)
not disguise the shape of the He 279 for the running down the back of the legs and through
age of the kit in the rather simpliied internal
purposes of this article, I decided to go with a the stub axle to the hubs, as seen in the Me 262. I
detail of the compressor and turbine faces and
the unsophisticated moulding, which leaves rather simple all over RLM 78 blue scheme with extended my speculation around the
unsightly joints in the intakes and jet pipes. fuselage mottling of RLM 80, heaviest on the operational use of the He 279 by adding some
Having prepainted the inside, I glued the spine. To add some depth to the blue, I sprayed a wing guns from hypodermic tube. With
cowling halves together under some clamping notional, rather crude splinter camoulage of everything done the airframes had a inal thin
pressure to try and force the plastic into RLM 70/71 irst before overpainting with the coat of Mr Hobby GX113 matt varnish to dull
extruding from the joint, with limited success, RLM 78, allowing the greens to show through down the glossy paint and decals and some
meaning that I had to revert to some dressing faintly. exhaust and gun staining using very dilute
with superglue prior to sanding. Some patient Before applying the RLM 78, around the wing brown/black, with pastel chalk used to add
work with the sanding sticks and abrasive mesh roots, leading edges and cockpit sides I laid colour variation and some dirt to the wing roots.
results in an acceptable inish, although at the down a very local coat of AK Interactive Worn
expense of some distortion of the overall shape. Effects, which could be scrubbed using water
Conclusion
and a toothbrush after the blue inal coat had
been applied, leaving a convincing random A world of difference here in producing two
Painting
worn inish to simulate the heavy traffic likely to models that ostensibly look so similar. The
With the airframes complete and cleaned up, Eduard He 280 is very typical of the company's
have been required to maintain the complex
they could both be treated to a light coat of
engine, and heat blistering from the exhausts. To offerings of a few years ago with nicely
Halfords grey primer before being lightly
extend the pretence of the operational use, I produced plastic with modest detail and
preshaded, polished and the top coat applied.
masked and sprayed Red/Blue Defence of the reasonable engineering, but Eduard have moved
For the He 280 the choice of inish was easy. All
Reich tail bands typical of Jagdgeschwader 7, a up several gears since then! The Master-X resin
the references I could ind quote an overall RLM
02 colour, which I reproduced using Mr Hobby prominent Me 262 operator, and both airframes model initially suffers in comparison to the
H70, which gives a nice smooth glossy surface. received a gloss coat of Mr Hobby GX 113 to Eduard plastic, but in actual fact isn't that
In comparison I was in something of a quandary prepare for the decals. difficult to manage provided one sets off with
about the colours of the He 279. Online photos, The decals themselves are necessarily limited the expectation that some basic work will be
whether real or not, and Master-X's instructions in number, the prototypic He 280 just getting needed. Many thanks to Lumir Vesely of Master-
suggest what is essentially a bomber scheme of early war style national markings, codes and the X for the review sample of the He 279 and my
RLM 76 undersides and a splinter pattern of RLM Heinkel logo, and the speculative He279 typical bank for the Eduard kit.

38 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
SE5A

By Dave Hooper

known pilot and author Cecil Lewis, but also impressive is the A4 sized decal sheet containing
Kit No: 32003 because of the experimental harlequin schemes options for ive aircraft. The instructions, as we
Scale: 1/32 that were painted on some of its SE5s. reviewers have often pointed out, is a reference
One of these schemes is the subject of a booklet in its own right, containing many period
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic photographs and walkarounds.
recently re-issued decal sheet by Pheon Decals,
Manufacturer: Wingnut Wings the arrival of which gave me the excuse I needed The Pheon Decals sheet is equally impressive,
www.wingnutwings.com to break open the Wingnut Wings SE5a kit. The containing all the markings required to build
Hisso powered SE5a was one of the irst kits that D3459, a machine that was transferred from 61

M
uch has been written concerning the Wingnut Wings produced. Released in April 2009 HD Squadron to 37 HD Squadron in the summer
SE5a, which many consider to be the the Se5a is currently showing as sold out but the of 1918 and is the subject of a well-known
best allied ighter aircraft of the Great company has recently been rereleasing a few of photograph. As is typical of Pheon, the sheet
War. As a night ighter in the home defence units their out of production kits in various guises so includes a comprehensive instruction booklet
the SE5a was a less than ideal choice. Its water it’s not beyond the realms of possibility that the giving clear guidance on the best way to apply
cooled engine required time to warm up, which SE5a will re-emerge at some stage again in the the scheme, historical background information
put it at an immediate disadvantage in a future. and providing material on required
scramble situation. Further to this the design of We have become so used to the Wingnut modiications, such as Holt lares and exhaust
the nose meant that the SE5a was difficult to Wings style of presentation, which has been lare dampers.
land at night. Despite this, a number of Home imitated by so many companies that it is easy to
Defence squadrons were equipped with the forget just how radical these kits were when
type towards the end of December 1917. Of Interior
they originally arrived on the modelling scene.
these 61 HD Squadron based at Rochford in This kit for instance includes alternative fuselage Unlike the majority of Wingnut Wings kits, the
Essex is perhaps the best known, at least halves with creased or uncreased fabric effects cockpit takes a more conventional form of
partially because of its association with the well- as part of its four main plastic sprues. Equally construction, in that the wooden framework is

Instrument
The fuselage halves panel assembly
have been closed up painted and
ready for
itting

Interior parts have been


glued into position ready to close the
fuselage halves

The complete fuselage is sprayed white


ready for painting and
decalling

The rudder bar is itted to the


centre of the lower wing section
Non fabric areas are sprayed

40 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
SE5A

The completed upper side of the fuselage/wing


assembly. Note that the serial number has been
applied to the in

Beginning
to apply CDL
The rear stringer section decals to the
fabric decal has been underside of
applied the wings

The The machine gun has


basic Vickers been painted
machine gun
assembly

The machine gun is then


The upper cowling
mounted in to the fuselage
panel needs to be assembled
after itting over
the engine

The engine
itted in position
moulded into the sides of the fuselage halves. the wooden sections and frames masked and Painting and Decalling
The main areas of the interior are built into the sprayed before applying the textile decals. A soft I decided to use Aviattic’s excellent PC12
cockpit loor, which is then glued in to one side pencil was used to highlight the moulded decals on the fabric areas of the upper side of
of the fuselage. When assembling these parts I bracing wires. the model while CDL textile decals would be
like to build them in small manageable sections, At this stage the cockpit loor assembly, a trim used on the underside as I did for the fabric
which are then painted before putting them wheel, an auxiliary fuel tank and a pair of engine interior areas. Again the irst step was to prime
together. In this case the seat and cockpit loor bearing frames were itted into position before the model and then spray the whole model semi
became one subassembly, while the control closing the fuselage halves. The rudder control gloss white using a rattle can. Now came the
column was treated separately. The instrument hard part! The non fabric areas of the fuselage
its to the central section of the lower wing and
panel is part of a separate assembly that were masked off and these were sprayed with a
so after preparation and painting the lower wing
includes a ledge that will it into the fuselage paint that matched the PC12 decals as close as
section was itted in position. I deviated from the
once closed. My interior was built straight out of possible. To aid this process a small patch of
instructions at this point as the instrument panel
the box, but the level of detail is such that only PC12 textile decal was applied to the wing. This
board assembly was not itted prior to itting the
control wires were added. was a case of trial and error and not as easy as it
wing section. This was so that I had room to add
The kit provides a choice of control columns. I the rudder control wires, which would have sounds because the textile decals have that
chose to use the column with the straight grip as been impossible to do with the instrument wonderful ability of changing appearance in
D3459 was from the same batch of Vickers built board in place. different lighting conditions, just like the real
aircraft as D3540, which is included in the thing, so I began with a coat of khaki drab and
original kit. For the fabric parts of the sidewalls I Once the control wires were itted the then lightly over sprayed with various colours
wanted to use the excellent Aviattic CDL textile instrument board was slotted in. The cockpit until I was happy with the end result. It should
decals. These are printed on a clear decal paper coaming part required the addition of the be noted that some non fabric areas of the SE5a,
and as such need to be itted to a white ammunition casing before itting onto the such as the central upper wing panel, did appear
background. The sidewalls were therefore fuselage. At this stage I also itted the head rest. to be covered in fabric so careful study of
sprayed white and then subtly weathered and surviving examples is recommended.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 41


SE5A

Applying the harlequin The


scheme to the rear fuselage/wing
stabilizer assembly
harlequin scheme
completed
The
irst stage of
applying the harlequin
scheme to the fuselage
The cabanes and
Aldis sight in
Cabane struts are position
wrapped with strips of
Aviattic PC12 decal ilm

The
The
undercarriage
upper cowling
is itted and
panel has been itted
bracing
wires added

Exhaust lame dampers made from copper


sheet are itted to the ends of the exhaust parts

The next step was to apply some opening did not work particularly well, but there precarious at this stage, so I taped some pieces
preweathering using acrylic washes, which are spare diamond decals of varying sizes that of balsa around it to protect it from accidental
depending on the area and the desired effect can be used to patch these areas up. I also found damage. The engine was then mounted and the
were either applied with a brush or smudged that AK Interactive’s battleship grey paint was a radiator and underside engine inspection panel
around with my inger. Finally panel sections of perfect match for the diamonds. I also needed to were painted and itting in place.
the fabric decals were cut out and applied. I used trim the decals a little at the front end to get a
masking tape to make the pattern templates for neat line in the correct position. The wings and
each of the fuselage sections required. Once the other lying surfaces were much easier to Fitting the Upper Wing
Aviattic textile was in place I applied rib tapes complete and the it, not surprisingly was much The cabane struts are designed to slot into the
and leading/trailing edge tapes to the wings, in, better. In all cases I started in an area where I fuselage sides. Generally these itted well
stabilizer, ailerons and elevator using a white knew positioning was correct, so in most cases although I did have to shave the front location
backed version of the Aviattic decals. Serial the starting point was the control cable access lugs down a little. I wrapped the cabane struts in
number decals were applied to the in, and then hatches. The whole process took quite a few strips of Aviattic PC12 on a white back to
lightly over sprayed with battleship grey, so that days to complete, but was visually impressive simulate the fabric wrapping that was typically
the numbers were still very slightly visible. once completed. done on the SE5a. At this stage I also itted the
Once this was done all of the model Aldis sight to the fuselage, satisied that the
subsections were sealed with a few coats of cabane arrangement would help protect the
Johnsons Klear before proceeding with the Engine and Machine Gun sight from accidental damage. Rigging location
application of the Pheon decals. It’s essential The Hispano Suiza engine is one of the points were drilled into the wings and fuselage
that Pheon instructions on application of the simpler of the Wingnut Wings engine sets to and small loops made by twisting wire around a
harlequin scheme are carefully followed as it will complete. I have built this particular engine 0.3mm drill were itted into the underside
help greatly in conirming a suitable order in before as the same sprue is included within the rigging points of the upper wing. The upper
which to apply the decal sections. There is Dolphin kit and so I knew that there would be no wing was then slotted onto the cabane struts
minimal carrier ilm between each diamond so it issues. My intention was to display the model and once the cement had cured the interplane
is also recommended that each is applied with the cowling panels closed so there was little struts were spring itted into position. These
separately. Application begins along the top point in detailing the engine any further as very were painted in advance of inal it. The Pheon
ridge of the rear stringer. Pheon suggest that little will be visible in the inished model. set includes decals for the striped appearance of
decals should be applied before itting the head However there is plenty of scope for detailing the front interplanes, but I preferred to hand
rest, which I had already done, so these should you so desire. At this stage the Vickers paint these stripes.
diamonds were cut back to it around the machine gun was also assembled and painted The plan was to cement the rigging directly
headrest. ready to it into the fuselage before adding the into the lower sections of the wing and fuselage,
Starting from the leading rear edge of the gun access panel. When painting machine guns slide a small piece of 0.4mm aluminium tubing
stabilizer, the next row of diamonds was from this era, I tend to begin with an overall coat down the mending thread I was using to act as a
carefully applied. This process continued until of black and then I brush graphite shaved from
simulation of RAF wire ends and locate the
the whole fuselage area from the cowling area an HB pencil over the surface to highlight the
detail and to give the weapon a gun metal upper end of the mending thread to the loops.
backwards, was complete. The it of these
sections is reasonable but not perfect, at least appearance. Once painted, the gun was In the event I found the 0.2mm interior diameter
the way I applied them. I found that there was a mounted in the fuselage. The access panel, of the tubing too tiny to locate the mending
visible gap on the bottom edge of each side and which was again prepainted, was itted in thread and therefore abandoned that part of the
that the coaming area forward of the cockpit position. The photo etch gun sight is very process.

42 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
SE5A

The
holt lares are
basically made from brass rod,
plastic tubing and wire

The exhausts itted in position The rail mount has been


itted to the upper wing
Six completed
holt lares

The holt lares itted to the underside of The gun mounted in position. Note the
the fuselage wire hanging from the trigger
Undercarriage and Cowling Panels from Pheon’s set were successfully itted before wire itted to the gun trigger mechanism to drop
Again the undercarriage was prepainted gluing each wheel to the undercarriage. The into the fuselage. Finally the propeller was
before itting and bracing wires made from upper wing Lewis gun rail mount was also itted painted and itted into position.
mending thread, which helps to create a solid at this stage.
base for the model. At this stage I also decided While not present in the one photograph of Conclusion
to it the upper cowling panel, which is supplied D3459 that I had to work from, the aircraft would
in ive parts including four corner ittings that have certainly been itted with a bank of Holt This model has sat in my stash since its
slot over the edges of the engine cylinders. The lares for night time work. The lares were made original purchase not long after its initial release
instructions suggest that the complete panel mainly from a combination of brass rod, plastic waiting for the right circumstances to be built.
should be assembled before itting into position, contrail tubing and wire. I began by itting the The rerelease of the Pheon Decals sheet gave me
but if you do this the panel will be impossible to tubing over the brass rod and then sliding two the excuse I needed to build a slightly more
it. Therefore I preitted one corner itting to the sections of wire between the two parts. Glue was unusual SE5a. The kit itself is extremely good
panel and then slotted the panel in position on applied to hold the three materials permanently and I had very few issues with it to deal with. I
to the fuselage. The other three corner ittings together and then the brass rod was trimmed to don’t think I would be surprising anybody by
were then added. create the shape of the lare. One end of the saying that the kit builds into a beautiful
protruding wire was twisted in on itself to create representation of one of the Great War’s most
a loop on the tip of each lare and I used strips of iconic aircraft. The Pheon sheet is excellent
Final Fittings
spare photo etch to create brackets at the upper although there are some minor it issues, which
During its time as a Night Fighter at 61 and 37 end of each. These were then glued into are fairly easy to rectify as long as a logical
HD Squadrons, D3459 had lame dampers itted predrilled holes in the rear fuselage underside application process if followed. The information
to the ends of its exhausts. These were and the remaining protruding wires itted into that Pheon provides on the exhaust dampers
essentially a ield modiication devised by Lt. C.C. and Holt lares is priceless and it’s a shame that
the fuselage.
Young and are present on many photos of 61 HD more decal manufacturers don’t follow their
Squadron SE5as. I constructed my dampers from At this stage the ailerons, elevator and rudder
were all itted. Where I had enough substance to example when providing decals for aircraft that
thin copper sheeting. I used the template
do so, I used brass rod to reinforce the bond of have visible differences to the norm.
provided in Pheon Models’ instruction booklet to
create the shape, which was then wrapped these parts as they are always one of the most
around a modiied spare German bomb to vulnerable areas when handling. The Lewis References
create the part three dimensionally. These were machine gun was then assembled and painted. I
then slotted over the end of the kit exhausts. The used spare photo etch parts for the sights, which RAF SE5a Windsock Dataile Special by J.M.Bruce
exhausts were then painted and itted in place. are visibly present on my photo of D3459. The Royal Aircraft Factory SE5, Haynes Owners’
Wheels were painted and thin white decal rings gun was then itted to the rail mounting and Workshop Manual

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 43


ISSUE 39

Robinson’s Chopper
By Richard Mason

The prototype
Hunter, WB188,
modiied to Mark 3
standard,
displayed in its
world speed record
colours in 1976

M
any aircraft types at irst glance can on the company's two seat Robinson R22, the military, while retaining the same beneits as the
strike the enthusiast with an all R44 was irst lown on 31st March 1990 and R22 in terms of cost and operating lexibility.
consuming ennui, but offered an received FAA certiication in December 1992, Like the R22 the R44 is a single engined
insight into their role and place in the overall with the irst delivery in February 1993. It has helicopter with a semi rigid two bladed main
canon of aviation can take on a new light and been the world's bestselling general aviation rotor, a two bladed tail rotor and skids for
interest. Just so the Robinson R-44, one of those helicopter every year since 1999 and is the most landing gear. It has an enclosed cabin with two
anonymous light utility helicopters that seem widely produced aircraft of its type this century, rows of side-by-side seating for a pilot and three
initially ubiquitous but on closer inspection take with over 5,800 deliveries between 2000-2017. passengers. Tail rotor direction of rotation on the
on a life of their own and can offer as great an R44 is reversed compared to the R22 for
appeal as any single engined war bird or classic The aircraft’s predecessor, the R22, was
designed in 1973, receiving FAA certiication in improved yaw control authority. On the R44 the
jet. Like any subject, a look behind a closed door
March 1979, and due to its relatively low advancing blade is on the bottom.
will make all the difference, hence the aircraft’s
place as a subject for Aircraft in Proile. purchase and operating costs has been popular In January 2000, Robinson introduced the
as a primary rotorcraft trainer around the world ‘Raven’ with hydraulically assisted controls and
and as a livestock management tool on large adjustable pedals. Hydraulic controls eliminate
Design and Development ranches in North America and cattle stations in feedback forces and provide responsive
The Robinson R44 is a four seat light Australia. The R44 offered greater capacity and handling. A low tail-rotor tip speed, newly
helicopter that has been produced by the has consequently proved more popular with designed muffler and large cambered tail reduce
Robinson Helicopter Company since 1992. Based government agencies, including both police and lyover noise.

Estonian Air Force, Robinson


Privately operated R44 Raven II ZS-HCH was lying from a farm near R44 Clipper No. 63. Delivered in
Tosca in South Africa to Vryburg when it collided with a large tree 2002 the aircraft was
during an approach to landing. The helicopter was written off but photographed here in
the pilot and passengers suffered only minor injuries September 2017 (Anna Zvereva)
AIRCRAFT in Profile

Another colourful r44 raven Helicopter at operating in Girdwood, Alaska since 1991 Alpine Air offer charters
Montgomery field Airport San Diego, July 2007 and tours over some of the state’s most spectacular scenery, with a
second location in Seward opening in spring of 2019

in July 2002 robinson introduced the raven ii will be the r44 raven ii Police Helicopter, which extended range camera versions are available.
featuring a more powerful fuel injected engine combines proven r44 performance and The 500 watt xenon lamp emits a high
and wider blades, allowing a higher gross weight reliability with state of the art law enforcement intensity focusable beam that can be directed by
and improved altitude performance. The current technology. lower acquisition costs, lower either the hand controller or, as an option, by
raven ii and Clipper ii helicopters are powered operating costs and a simpliied maintenance slaving it to the nose mounted gimbal. The
by lycoming’s io-540 fuel injected engine. The schedule make the r44 ideal for large and small searchlight is positioned below the starboard
io-540 delivers better altitude performance, police departments, while the three seat layout rear seat to allow left banked turns without the
increased payload and eliminates the need for features an aerodynamic fuselage that optimizes light beam being obstructed by the skid. A
carburettor heat. airspeed and fuel economy enabling the variety of optional equipment is available
The Clipper is what some might refer to as a helicopter to remain on station for up to two and including a ive point shoulder harness system
navalised version of both the raven i and ii. a half hours. An open cabin design provides for the front seats, public address speaker and
Depending on the model, the aircraft can be unobstructed views allowing for better tactical siren, lojack provisions, moving map systems
ordered with either ixed utility or emergency support, and the same low tail rotor tip speed, and a selection of UHf, VHf and 800 MHz police
pop-out loats, the latter only being available to muffler and cambered tail decrease lyover radios.
the Clipper ii. noise, an asset when operating over urban The irst r44 newscopter featuring onboard
The ixed utility loats add approximately ifty environments. The r44 Police Helicopter is electronic news gathering equipment was
pounds to the r44’s empty weight, and cruise equipped with fAA approved technologies that delivered in 1998, while the previous year a
speed is reduced by only ten knots. The pop-out include an infrared imaging system, a fold down robinson r44 was piloted by Jennifer Murray for
loats add about sixty ive pounds to the empty monitor, a powerful searchlight and a dual audio the irst helicopter circumnavigation of the
weight with almost no reduction in the aircraft’s controller. Down time is signiicantly reduced world by a woman, covering a distance of 36,000
cruise speed. A low centre of gravity enhances with a simpliied maintenance schedule that miles in ninety seven days while as of 2014 a r44
the Clipper’s stability on rough seas, and its requires only oil changes between 100 hour holds the piston speed record of 227km/h.
advanced single bag loat design allows safer inspections.
The r44 was found to be prone to post
water surface lift-off. Unlike some emergency equipment includes the flir Systems’ Ultra accident ires due to damage to the aluminium
loats, the Clipper’s pop-out loats have the same 8000 Thermal imaging Camera in a multi sensor, fuel tanks, allowing fuel to leak out. in 2009 the
buoyancy as the ixed utility loats.
compact, lightweight turret with excellent company began installing bladder type fuel
r44 Clippers are built to last with specialized infrared sensitivity. The Ultra 8000 incorporates tanks in all new r44 helicopters. it also issued
corrosion prooing throughout. Standard an infrared sensor with ten times optical zoom, Service Bulletin SB-78 on 20th December 2010,
equipment includes custom ground handling and a daylight sensor with eighteen times requiring r44 helicopters with all aluminium fuel
wheels and a pressure gauge to check loat optical zoom. The gimbal rotates 360 degrees tanks to be retroitted with bladder type tanks to
pressure. and its stabilization technology enables crisp improve the r44's fuel system's resistance to a
Perhaps of more interest to many modellers detailed images. optional auto tracker and post accident fuel leak. The company

Policia nacional del Peru robinson r44 raven


PnP-126at lima Jorge Chávez international
Airport, 5th July 2012 (Aeroprints.com)
AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

Privately owned Robinson R44 SE- Robinson R44 in service with the Ukrainian
JHS, HEM, Helsinki (Malmi), Finland Police, May 2017 (Ukrainian Police Press Office)

recommended that the change should be done weight and derated power provide increased at La Isabela International Airport. These work
as soon as practical, but no later than 31st performance margins at high altitudes and alongside the OH-58A and C.
December 2014. The compliance date was later lengthen the time between overhaul to 2,400 The Estonian Air Force ordered two R44
moved to 30th April 2013. hours. Ravens and two R44 Clippers new from the
In February 2015 the New Zealand Civil Cadets feature the latest in Robinson manufacturer in August 2002, and these have
Aviation Authority issued an Airworthiness technology including streamlined instrument been based at the former Soviet military air base
Directive grounding eighty of the country's R44 panels and crashworthy bladder fuel tanks. at Ämari. Between 2008 and 2012 the airbase
helicopters after two people were killed in an underwent a complete renovation programme
accident traced to a particular type of main rotor and since 1st May 2014, it has been the base for
blade, the P/N C016-7 or Dash 7, which a
R44 in Global Service the NATO Baltic Air Policing Unit. The air base
preliminary investigation determined had failed While the R44 is in service with countless has its own small light unit that includes a
in light, the second failure or partial failure in civilian operators around the globe there have Soviet era An-2 light transport aircraft, and the
two months. This was the largest scale been a number of signiicant military users, as two Robinson R-44 Ravens, thus the type serves
grounding of any aircraft in New Zealand's well as government agencies and police forces. in military usage alongside all manner of visiting
history. The CAA determined through laboratory The Gendarmeria Nacional Argentina have NATO hardware.
tests that the rotor blade had failed due to employed three aircraft, two Ravens and a Police The Royal Jordanian Air Force chose the R44
overload during the crash and was not the cause version, while the Bolivian Air Force took initial Raven II to replace its leet of Hughes 500Ds that
of the accident and the leet was ungrounded on delivery of two with a further four arriving in had been in service since 1981. Equipped with
24th February 2015. 2011. These machines ly with Air Training Group Garmin and Aspen glass avionics, and Bendix
The latest development, the two seat R44 22 and offer a signiicantly cheaper training cost King’s military KTR909 UHF transceiver, the white
Cadet is a versatile helicopter ideally suited for to the service, which previously carried out painted R44s were designated for primary
light schools and operators that want the initial training on turbine helicopters, and helicopter training at the King Hussein Air
economy of a small helicopter without frequently relied on out of country options. Due College in Mafraq, Jordan. Deciding factors
sacriicing the power and performance of a to the altitudes involved in Bolivia, the pair are included the R44’s low maintenance and
larger. The type received its FAA certiication in not able to ly around the capital La Paz, which operating costs along with positive feedback
May 2016 and has the same airframe, rotor lies between 10,650 and 13,250 feet above sea about the R44 from a neighbouring country’s air
system and Lycoming O-540 engine as the level. They are instead operational in the state of force. The aircraft were fully operable by 2015.
proven R44 Raven I. The differences are the Santa Cruz to the east of the country, a much The Lebanese Army acquired two Robinson
Cadet’s aft compartment has been reconigured lower area with typical levels of around 1,000 R44 Raven IIs for primary light training of army
for cargo, the maximum gross weight is reduced feet above sea level. pilots. The Raven IIs were immediately
to 2,200lb and the engine power is derated to The Dominican Republic Army operates both integrated into the army’s pilot training program
210 take-off and 185 continuous. The lower the R22 and the R44 with 1 Air Cavalry Squadron whereby the irst year of student pilot training

R-44 Raven OE-XKS of Heliservice,


Salzburg, July 2010 (Elisabeth Klimesch)
AIRCRAFT in PRoFile

Robinson R-44, G-MISK, based at Manchester-City Aerodrome,


United Kingdom, May 2017.
R-44 in one of the ‘standard camoulage schemes’

Robinson R-44, D-HHRO, Ambulanz Millich. The R-44 is too


small to be used as a regular ambulance helicopter but the
German company Ambulanz Millich use it for quick transport of
a doctor to site of an accident etc.

Robinson R-44, G-PIXL, based at


Denham Aerodrome, United Kingdom.
This Robinson is operated by the Flying
TV company for aerial ilming

Robinson R-44, G-NOXY, based at Manchester-Barton


Aerodrome, United Kingdom, May 2018.
Privately owned Raven used for pilot training and pleasure lights
AIRCRAFT IN PRofILe

Robinson R-44, SP-ALS, Poznan Aeroclub,


based at Kobylnica Aerodrome, Poland.
R-44 in Red overall with White stripes. Note
the badge of the aeroclub on the fuselage

Robinson R-44, OM-DCN, Dubnica Air, based at


Dubnica airport, Slovakia. All Yellow Robinson with big
inscription ‘Heliport Liptov’ on fuselage. Note the Grey
panel, probably in a base coat after a change of user

Robinson R-44, OK-ZIO, LPS, based at


Roudnice Aero-drome, Czech Republic.
LPS provides pilot training and various
specialised services such as electrical
network checking or aerial ilming.

Robinson R-44, HA-ATI, Hungary, 2007.


Hungarian Raven I in ‘company scheme’,
Black/ Yellow combination
AIRCRAFT iN PRoFiLe

Robinson R-44, SE-JVL, Scandinavian Helicopter


Center, based at Västerås, Sweden.
R-44 in Silver (Aluminium) overall, used for pilot
training in Sweden.

Robinson R-44, OH-HBB, HF Helicopters,


based at Helsinki-Malmi Airport, Finland.
Painted in Light Blue overall with Dark Blue
stripes, this Robinson serves for aerial ilming
or for electrical network checks.

Robinson R-44, PH-JPS, Helicentre, based at


Lelystad Airport, Netherlands.
Helicentre uses the R-44 for pilot training or
inspection lights. Aircraft is Red overall with
White Stripes

Robinson R-44, PH-JPS, Helicentre, based at


Lelystad Airport, Netherlands.
Helicentre uses the R-44 for pilot training or
inspection lights. Aircraft is Red overall with
White Stripes
AIRCRAFT iN PRofile

Robinson R-44, ZK-HGM, Salt Air,


based at Paihia, New Zealand.
When visiting New Zealand, you can
use this Robinson for sightseeing lights

Robinson R-44, N636DD. This R-44


is used for passenger transport and
sightseeing lights in the USA .

Robinson R-44, Aerius Helicopters, based at


Tauranga, New Zealand.
Another Robinson used for scenic lights in the
Bay of Plenty, Rotorua and Coromandel regions

Robinson R-44, VH-HYC, Professional


Helicopter Service, Victoria, Australia.
PHS use R-44 for pleasure lights and for
aerial ilming purposes
AIRCRAFT IN PROfILE

Robinson R-44, E.N.-1844, Dominican Army.


All Dominican military R-44 received striking
camoulage schemes. E. N.-1844 wears a splinter
camoulage of Ochre, Olive Drab and Coal Black

Robinson R-44, ZS-RIC, South African Police.


This Police R-44 is overall White with Blue stripes
and the inscription POLICE on the fuselage. Note
the police badge on the pylon covers

Robinson R-44, Yellow 64, Estonian Army.


Robinsons in Estonian service are painted in
Olive Drab overall with Yellow tactical number
AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE
AIRCRAFT IN PROFIle

A detailed study of R44 tail rotor. Tail


the R44 rotor hub rotor direction of
rotation on the R44 is
reversed compared to
the R22 for improved
yaw control authority

takes place in a simulator, the second year Robinson R44 helicopters, acquired in 2009. in mind. Armscor, the official procurement arm
training phase now incorporating 100 light These consist of two Raven Is and one Raven II, of the South African Department of Defence,
hours in a R44. In the past student pilots and the PNP believed at the time that they were facilitated the purchases from the National
transitioned from the simulator environment all being acquired factory new. A national Aircraft Company, which specialises in aircraft
directly into the army’s larger military controversy ensued after it turned out that the sales and maintenance, as well as pilot training.
helicopters and the operational cost was two Raven Is were ive years old with around 500 The aircraft are based in Pretoria and dispatched
extremely high, while the switch to R44 hours on each, and only the Raven II was a new to other host cities when necessary. The SAPS
helicopters eliminates the high inancial risk build. For at least part of their life up to then, the use them primarily for crime prevention,
associated with placing novice pilots at the Raven Is had been operated by lion Air, then the including organised crime, specialised and
controls of sophisticated military aircraft with only Robinson distributor in the Philippines. intelligence operations, recovery of stolen
replacement values greatly exceeding the Philippine Senators pressed for an investigation vehicles, and aerial monitoring of major events,
acquisition cost of a new R44. into the procurement after the supplier of the allowing police officers to reach crime scenes
The Mexican Navy’s inventory at around the helicopters made it appear that the R44s they quickly. Pilots ly at least 100 hours in the R44
turn of the century included six MD-902 delivered were new. The Criminal Investigation until they have enough experience to progress
explorers for shipborne duties, ten Zlin 242ls for and Detection Group of the Philippine National to the larger SAPS turbine helicopters. A further
basic pilot training, one Bombardier DHC-8- Police subsequently conirmed that at least advantage is that the R44s allow the SAPS to
Q200 as a transport aircraft for the naval thirty police officers were questioned regarding train pilots more quickly, with the training
command, two Robinson R-22s and one R-44 the procurement process. period reduced by eighteen months.
and some more Mi-8MTV-1s. The Robinsons The Russian Forest Protection Service, based The Thai Army took delivery of a Robinson
were quickly withdrawn though, and replaced at Gorno-Altaysk airport, currently lies Mi- R44 Raven II, serial 13525, for evaluation in 2013
by 2005 by a handful of Schweizer 300s. 8T/MTV and Robinson R44 helicopters from with local operator Heliluck Aviation is handling
Both Nicaragua and Peru have equipped their three locations across the region. the whole project. The training provided covered
military forces with the R44, the former The South African Police Service (SAPS) took both R44 maintenance and pilot training, and
operating one machine as a trainer with the delivery of two new Robinson R44 Raven IIs in was conducted in Heliluck’s facility in Bangkok,
Escuadrón de Ala Rotatoria, while the latter are October 2008, to strengthen its crime ighting and consisted of ive days theoretical training
known to have operated two Ravens, one of capabilities ahead of the 2010 Fifa World Cup. plus three days of practical work.
which crashed in 2011. The aircraft were part of a consignment of six The Division of Alaska State Troopers (AST) is
The Philippine National Police operated three machines speciically commissioned with 2010 the state police agency of the US state of Alaska

In late 2018 Robinson Helicopter provided two R44 Raven IIs to the Polish Air Force University, marking the irst acquisition of American helicopters
to be used for military training in Poland. Both R44s were equipped with a fully integrated glass cockpit featuring Garmin’s GDU 1060 TXi, GTN 750
navigator, GTX 345 transponder with ADS-B In/Out and Spidertracks for real time tracking
AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE
AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

In October 2017 Robinson Helicopter Company delivered two of their


new R44 Cadet helicopters, s/n 30006 and 30007, to SKY Helicopters, an
FAA part 141 light school, and Robinson’s dealer in Garland, Texas. The
Robinson Helicopter Company produced 305 helicopters in 2017. The Cadet’s longer 2400 TBO brings its hourly operating cost closer to the
R44 led the way with 174, ranking as the world’s best-selling helicopter R22, a plus for light schools and pilots trying to build hours

and employ the R44 in a wide range of duties hundred knots. Tests also showed the tendency
alongside the Eurocopter AS350 and other ixed to enter the oscillation was exacerbated by a GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
wing light aircraft. On 12th May 2009 a R44 forward centre of gravity and a thirty degree (R44 RAVEN II)
helicopter was damaged during a hard landing banked turn to the left. The oscillation is due to Crew: One or two pilots
during a game management patrol for the Fish the irmness, or lack of irmness, of the Capacity: Four, including pilot
and Wildlife Service. After take-off from a ridge, transmission mounts. At the time there were no
Payload: 748lb (340kg)
about 300 feet above the ground, the helicopter service alerts/bulletins referencing the
phenomena or the remedies to resolve it. Length: 38ft 3in (11.65m)
was lying at about ninety knots when the pilot
Rotor diameter: 33ft (10.1m)
felt an unusual medium frequency vibration in Sadly underrepresented in model form, the
the controls and decided to make an immediate R44 is a charismatic and fascinating little Tail rotor diameter: 4ft 10in (1.5m)
precautionary landing. During the descent the machine, and with kits on the horizon its many Powerplant: One Lycoming IO-540-AE1A5
vibration increased and the helicopter landed colourful liveries and applications will make it an six cylinder lat engine with fuel injection,
attractive and diverse subject for many 245bhp (183kW)
hard causing the main rotor blades to strike the
tail boom. The NTSB discovered that operators of modellers’ collections. Somewhat left of the Maximum speed: 130kn (240km/h, 150mph)
the R44 were aware of similar events and that mainstream for some, a little time taken to Cruise speed: 110kn (200km/h, 130mph)
the condition had been dubbed ‘chugging.’ discover this very widespread aircraft will offer a Range: 300nmi (560km, 350mi)
According to Robinson Helicopter, tests rewarding insight into the neglected world of Altitude restrictions: 14,000ft (4,300m)
determined that a mast rocking oscillation may light civil aviation. density altitude or 9,000ft (2,700m) above
develop during operation of the helicopter at Give it a chance. You never know, you might ground level in order to be able to reach
high gross weight and about ninety to one like it! ground within ive minutes in case of ire.

Brand new R44s newly delivered


to the Royal Jordanian Air Force
in 2014
S K Y WA R R I O R

Skywarrior RA-3B Conversion


By Francesco Pernice

life was as an electronic


warfare platform, tactical air 61) at NAS
reconnaissance platform Agana, Guam, and sister
and high capacity aerial squadron VAP-62 at NAS Jacksonville,
refuelling tanker. In these Florida furnished crews and lew out of Da
roles it was among the Nang AB performing mapping and intelligence
longest serving carrier based gathering lights over the Southeast Asia area.
aircraft in history, entering service in the mid With twelve camera stations the RA-3B was well
1950s and retiring in 1991. Throughout its equipped to perform cartographic mapping of
service it was the heaviest operational aircraft to areas where no detailed maps existed. With IR
operate from aircraft carriers, earning its gear installed, the RA-3B was used at night to
nickname The Whale. monitor the movement of troops down roads
Kit No: 00155 Skywarriors saw some use in the conventional and trails in Laos. Other locations included Det
Scale: 1/72 bombing and mine laying role during the Tango at Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base in
Vietnam War from 1964 to 1967, as well as Bangkok, Thailand, Det Southpaw at RAAF Base
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Townsville, Australia, as well as work out of Osan
subsequent service in the tanker (KA-3B),
Manufacturer: Hasegawa photographic reconnaissance (RA-3B), electronic Air Base, South Korea.
Amerang/Hobbico reconnaissance (EA-3B) and electronic warfare The crew of four was hosted in a pressurised
(ERA-3B, EKA-3B) roles. For most of the Vietnam compartment while the photoreconnaissance

T
he Skywarrior is one of those aircraft that War, EA-3Bs of VQ-1 lew from Da Nang Air Base outit included twelve high-resolution cameras,
initially passes almost unnoticed as it is not in South Vietnam, providing continuous six oblique cameras housed in two bulges on
immediately appealing as a ighter, but electronic reconnaissance capability over the both fuselage sides and the remaining mounted
when you start to appreciate the extraordinarily area, including the Ho Chi Minh Trail and all the vertically and forward. These were protected by
clean lines then something clicks... way north to Haiphong harbour. In addition, a eyelids, which initially tended to jam because of
The A-3 Skywarrior was initially designed as a version of the A-3B was modiied into the RA-3B the low temperatures. This problem was solved
strategic bomber for the United States Navy, but and used in Vietnam as a photoreconnaissance by adjusting the tolerance of the shutter
its primary function for much of its later service aircraft. Heavy Photographic Squadron 61 (VAP- mechanisms.

The RA-3B’s bomb bay was replaced by two smaller


Further reinement of the compartments for lares. These have been scribed,
lateral camera along with the camera ports on the lower fuselage,
fairings and the original bomb bay
illed and sanded

The irst
job was to cut
out parts for the
camera bulges on the
fuselage sides

With the inished bulges in


position further detail
was added to the
underside
Here the
starboard Adding the ‘eyelids’ to the
lateral bulge has lateral camera ports on
been faired in with iller the completed fairing

58 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
S K Y WA R R I O R

Because of the dangerous missions operated Skywarrior, which includes drawings to check
in Vietnam, squadrons operating the RA-3B the measurements and shapes of such elements
suffered a higher attrition rate than any other as need to be scratch built.
Skywarrior units. A few of the The irst major operation was the construction
VAP-61 aircraft were of the two lateral fairings by cutting and shaping
painted semi gloss plastic

card in
accordance with reference
drawings and pictures. The bomb bay was
closed and puttied, and then the doors for the
black in the ield lare compartments that replaced it, and the
with simple cameras windows, were engraved. The two oval
spray cans in camera ports under the radome were shaped by
order to drilling holes, which were then illed with clear
make the plastic and epoxy glue to make the convex
aircraft less shape. The IFR probe duct on the fuselage had to
visible at be elongated to reach a point under the wing
night. roots as on the real aircraft the fuel tanks had
been repositioned to make room for the

Apparently this
operation was not
authorized, but cameras.
nevertheless it led to a The ECM antenna
search for a more orthodox housing on top of the in
solution, which ultimately took the was fabricated by shaping
form of a three colour camoulage a 1/48 Sidewinder missile.
pattern. This was applied without
a common scheme and probably The slats were cut from the
also retouched at different times wings and repositioned
judging from the different dropped. Great care must be
shades found on the same taken when cutting off the top
airframe. and bottom of the slats so you can
reuse the pieces with only a few adjustments.
None of the Skywarrior kits so This speciic example was equipped with the
far released by Hasegawa offers early wing, which did not have slat vanes at the
the RA-3B, for which reason it was leading edge between the engines and the
necessary to proceed with some fuselage (Cambered Leading Edge). In this
modiications. I used kit 00155/KA3B, which regard the kit’s wing is correct, but the fairings
boxing has the right canopy for the RA-3B. located on the inner part of the engine pylons
An important reference for this project was need to be eliminated. Just check the reference
the booklet by BunrinDo dedicated to the pictures carefully.

The ECM antenna housing on top of the


The in was fabricated by shaping a 1/48
two oval Sidewinder missile
camera ports
under the radome were A further
shaped by drilling holes, which radome was
were then illed with clear plastic and added to the
epoxy glue to make the convex shape underside

The IFR probe duct on the fuselage had


to be elongated to reach a point under
the wing roots as on the real
aircraft the fuel tanks had
been repositioned to
make room for Masking the
the cameras canopy at an early stage
will protect it from damage, and is
The in tip always a task better not put off until
antenna in place later

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 59


S K Y WA R R I O R

With the aircraft painted


and decalled the unusual
camoulage scheme can
be appreciated

The initial
preshading
shows through
nicely after
application of
the irst
camoulage
colour

And sprayed a coat I masked up the


of grey over it to walkway decal
increase the provided with the
thickness and give it kit, which was not
a more 3D effect correct for my RA-3B

The inished walkway looks more


convincing than the kit decal

A darker grey was applied to the edges to


add a worn appearance to the walkway

60 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
S K Y WA R R I O R

The rest of the assembly process proceeded different colour patches on the model need to
easily and quickly. happen at different stages and with some
A proven way to improve the appearance of careful planning the painting process will be
the landing gear was to use aluminium tape easier. I adopted a mixed painting technique
from 3M, which allowed me to metalize the oleo using both paper masks and airbrushing free
parts. I used the same tape to make the metal hand.
clamps that fasten the brake cables. The real The paint job began by masking the bare
challenge began with the painting, with the metal areas of the engine nacelles to protect
main difficulties being the interpretation of the them from layers of the camoulage colours.
unique camoulage pattern, and spraying paint Painting them in advance was not viable due to
within the reduced space between the fuselage the long time they would have been covered by
and the engines. Particular attention should be masking tape.
given to masking the canopy. The paint job After heavily preshading the model I applied
would be particularly long and once inished this the base coat of FS 36440, which was thinned to
area will be very noticeable. seventy percent with some drops of paint
The colours used were Light Gull Grey FS retarder. The same paint-to-thinner ratio was
36440, Dark Compass Grey FS 36320 and used with the other colours, which allowed the
Gunship Grey FS 36118. Actually FS 36320 did preshading to show through whilst eliminating
not seem to resemble the shade seen in pictures, the risk of the orange peel effect.
looking a more bluish hue similar to RLM76. The I repeated a subtle preshade after each colour
actual colour was probably made by mixing the was applied. Any painting law was remedied by
other two greys, FS 36440 and FS 36118, in equal sanding with 3,200 grit polishing mesh and then
proportions. repainting.
As mentioned earlier each aircraft had a The walkway above the fuselage and the
different camoulage pattern therefore I had to wings were painted on to the decal so as to give
select in advance which aircraft to represent a thickness similar to the non-slip paint applied
based on the number and quality of pictures I in reality. Finally I applied Mo-Lak buffable
was able to source, hoping to ind more pictures metalizer paint on the engine nacelles, which
of both sides of the original aircraft in the was then polished with a cotton cloth. The
process. The only sure thing is that each scheme engine nacelles were completed with the front
is complicated and the painting process takes a and rear FOD covers usually itted on the
lot of time! It was not easy to get the right shape ground.
for the camoulage pattern, and the right inesse
of colour dilution. Acrylics tend to clog the
airbrush and it was only with the help of Gunze The
levelling thinner that everything went smoothly decals
and with minimal problems. constituted a
By magnifying available pictures I realized few simple to
that the darker grey FS 36118 was apply markings,
generally rather faded and which come
sometimes crudely sprayed partly from the kit
patches appeared over decal sheet and
the same tone. partly
Application of
the
from a handful of
Superscale sheets. Finally
a coat of Lifecolor semi
gloss clear varnish
allowed a realistic
and protective inish.
I love this aircraft
and probably soon will
build the model in
1/48 scale …

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 61


CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

RAF Day Fighter Schemes 1941 – 1943


Part 2
By Paul Lucas

Spitire Mk II coded VZ-B of 412 Squadron (RCAF) circa September 1941. This illustration is based upon some original colour ilm in which this
aircraft appears having apparently been fully repainted with the Temperate Sea Scheme of Extra Dark Sea Grey and Dark Slate Grey on the upper
surfaces and Medium Sea Grey on the under surfaces. No serial number is visible in the original footage and the Squadron ORB only records serial
numbers without codes

T
he irst item to be considered is the way The third item is an entry in Morgan and on their upper surfaces and Sky on their under
that the quotation from 'Aircraft of the Shacklady's book, 'Spitire – The History'. On page surfaces. Thus it would appear that Supermarine
Fighting Powers' cited previously is worded. 72, reference is made to Spitire Mk I Modiica- introduced the Day Fighter Scheme of Ocean
At a time when the official nomenclature of tion 426 being introduced. This is stated to have Grey and Dark Green onto the production line
British aircraft camoulage colours was not been 'Revise camoulage colour scheme (replace for the Spitire Mk V from July 1942.
widely known, the use of speciic and accurate earth & green). 10-11-41.' On page 171 Spitire The reason why the Temperate Sea Scheme
nomenclature to describe the two upper surface Mk V Mod 426 is given as 'Revise camoulage might have been adopted by some Fighter Com-
colours is unusual and can be contrasted with scheme (colour) 10-11-41.' From the date, 10 No- mand Day Fighters could be explained by the
the use of the term 'light grey' for the under sur- vember 1941, it might be expected that this operational requirement to escort and support 2
faces. modiication involved the introduction of the Group Bomber Command's Blenheims in their
The second item is colour cine ilm footage Dark Green and Ocean Grey Day Fighter Scheme, low level anti-shipping strikes, which were being
taken of two Spitire IIs of 412 Squadron, which but this does not appear to be the case. The irst carried out as Operation Channel Stop. As part of
ist thought to have been taken at Digby in Sep- point to consider is the wording of the text for this Operation, the Blenheim Bombers of 2
tember 1941 showing what appear to be two the Spitire Mk I Mod 426, which states 'replace Group had adopted the Temperate Sea Scheme
completely different camoulage schemes on earth and green'. For the new Day Fighter for their upper surfaces from 26 July 1941 as de-
two separate aircraft visible in the same frame, Scheme, the Dark Earth was supposed to be re- scribed in the June 2018 issue of SAM. As for why
both of which conform in colloquial terms to the placed, but the Dark Green was to remain un- Fighter Command might have been motivated
'Dark Green and Grey' instructions issued by HQ touched. This being the case, why are both the to adopt the same camoulage scheme, an RAF
Fighter Command. The irst aircraft is coded 'VZ- Dark Earth and Dark Green apparently being re- Intelligence report dated 18 August 1941 stated
B' and has no serial number visible suggesting a placed? Was it the case that this modiication re- that 'No.602 Squadron report new camoulage on
complete repaint of the upper surfaces. 'B' ap- placed Dark Earth and Dark Green with Extra bombers very effective as they found it difficult to
pears to be inished on the upper surfaces with Dark Sea Grey and Dark Slate Grey? Whilst this keep them in view.' In addition to this, Fighter air-
the Temperate Sea Scheme of Extra Dark Sea might seem to be grasping at straws, on page craft themselves took on an increasing anti-ship-
Grey and Dark Slate Grey to the 'A' scheme with 171 of Spitire – The History, Morgan and Shack- ping role during 1941 with Hurricanes modiied
Dark Slate Grey passing through the cockpit in lady cite Spitire V Modiication No. 622 dated 14 to carry two 250lb General Purpose or Semi Ar-
the usual way. The under surfaces appear to be July 1942 as '622 amend camoulage to amend- mour piercing bombs for this purpose.
Medium Sea Grey. The national markings are all ment 3 DTD circular 144 14-7-42.' These Fighter attacks were considered so suc-
to the 1941 standard, the spinner, codes and tail cessful, especially in view of the much lower ca-
This is signiicant because in Scale Aircraft
band are all the same pale hue, which looks sualties suffered by the Hurricane Bombers
Modelling Volume 12, No. 5, February 1990, in an
more like Sky Blue than Sky and the leading compared to the Blenheims, that from 9 October
article entitled 'The Ocean Grey Era' the late Ian
edges of the wings have their Yellow stripes. The 1941 Fighter Command began to assume re-
Huntley reproduced a transcript of Amendment
second Spitire, coded 'VZ-A', does have a visible sponsibility for Operation Channel Stop with
No. 3 to DTD Technical Circular No. 144 'Camou-
serial number, but it is illegible on the frames of Bomber Command being fully relived of its com-
lage and Identiication Markings' dated 10 April
the ilm where it can be seen. 'A' appears to be mitment to the Operation from 25 November.
1942. Under the heading 'Camoulage of Day Air-
Dark Green and Medium Sea Grey on the upper Thus the application of the Temperate Sea
surfaces and has the same Medium Sea Grey hue craft (Monoplanes)' it stated that
Scheme to the upper surfaces of the Day Fight-
on the under surfaces. All the markings are as 'The following cancels the instructions re day ight-
ers involved in these attacks would make tactical
described for VZ-B except the tip of the spinner ers given in Appendix 'B' to this circular:
sense.
which appears to be Blue. 1. Day Fighters for RAF Home Command (for ex-
The use of a green and grey camoulage
Here is clear evidence of two different colour ceptions see para ix)
scheme was extended to the upper surfaces of
schemes being in use on the same Squadron at (i) Upper surface – dark green and ocean grey to the single seat 'Fighter' aircraft of Army Co-Oper-
the same time. The question is which came irst? the camoulage patterns A.D. 1159 and A.D. ation Command such as the Tomahawk as a re-
Was it the case that the Dark Green and Medium 1160 as applicable. sult of an Air Ministry Postagram dated 30
Sea Grey Scheme came irst in response to the
(ii) Under surface – sea grey medium. October 1941. The relevant part of this stated:
Air Ministry Postagram of 8 August, which did
not specify the shade of grey whilst the Extra The relation between the upper surface and '5. Day Fighters.
Dark Sea Grey, Dark Slate Grey and Medium Sea under surface to be deined in para.1(c) of Ap- a) All day ighters in Home Commands are to con-
Grey scheme came afterwards during Septem- pendix 'A' to this Circular, i.e. No.1 Pattern.' form to the camoulage colouring and marking
ber as a result of some official instruction, which The exception described in paragraph (ix) was authorised for Fighter Command aircraft in Air
has not come to light but was that referred to by long range Beauighters in Coastal Command, Ministry Postagram S.59966/II/FO6 dated 8 Au-
'Aircraft of the Fighting Powers'? which were to have the Temperate Sea Scheme gust 1941.'

62 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

Spitire Mk II coded VZ-A of 412 Squadron (RCAF) circa September 1941. This illustration is based upon the same original colour ilm as VZ-B, both
aircraft appearing together in a number of frames. VZ-A appears to be Medium Sea Grey and Dark Green on the upper surfaces and Medium Sea Grey on
the under surfaces. VZ-A does have a standard eight inch high serial number on the rear fuselage but it is illegible on the ilm as it is slightly out of focus
in the frames where it appears.

This of course is the Postagram quoted previ- quired their Night Fighters to be inished on the Thus it can be seen that the senior engineer-
ously, which stated that Day Fighters in Fighter upper surfaces with Dark Green and Ocean Grey. ing staff at HQ Fighter Command thought that
Command were to have their upper surfaces This however was not the case. On 25 August the Day Fighter Scheme during the summer and
camoulaged in 'Dark Green and Grey' without 1942 the Chief Engineering Officer of Group autumn of 1942 was Dark Green and Medium
specifying exactly which shade of grey was to be Captain rank at HQ Fighter Command wrote to Sea Grey and the repeated reference to these
used. As in Fighter Command, Army Co-Opera- the Air Ministry as follows: colours along with the correct 33B reference
tion Command aircraft appear to display a range 'It is requested that the requirements for night cam- numbers in correspondence would appear to in-
of low to high contrast inishes with at least one dicate that this was not a mistake.
oulage be amended to the following:-
colour photograph suggesting the use of Extra Further to this, it might be the case that Dark
Dark Sea Grey and Dark Green on the upper sur- (i) Upper surfaces. (Fuselage, main planes and
Green and Medium Sea Grey was being applied
faces. tail plane.)
to the upper surfaces of some Spitires on the
Day Fighter Scheme, i.e. Dark green (33B/194
production line. This might be inferred from Su-
for metal surfaces, 33B/189 for fabric surfaces
The Day Fighter Schemes of 1942 permarine Drawing No. 36764 for the Spitire PR.
and Sea Grey Medium 33B/157.'
XIII dated 6 November 1942. Whilst this makes
The variety of inishes applied to RAF Day With regard to the 33B Stores Reference Num- no speciic mention of the upper surface colours,
Fighters continued into 1942 but there were per- bers quoted in this letter, 33B/194 was a 5 gal essentially showing the application of PRU
haps two schemes that saw widespread use container of Dark Green to DTD 308. 33B/157 Mauve to the under surfaces, it does however
prior to the introduction of the Dark Green and was for ½ gallon container of Medium Sea Grey state that the spinner is to be either Dark Green
production Ocean Grey Day Fighter Scheme, the to DTD 314. 33B/189 on the other hand was for a or Sea Grey Medium. DTD Technical Circulars al-
irst of these being Dark Green and Medium Sea 1 gallon container of Dark Earth to DTD 308. This most always stated that the propeller spinner
Grey whilst the second was Dark Green and a error was corrected by a further letter from HQ was to be inished in one or the other of the
colour that might have been known as 'Sea Fighter Command dated 30 August, which cited upper surface camoulage colours. The implica-
Grey'. 33B/202 for metal surfaces and 33B/184 for fab- tion therefore is that Spitire PR. XIIIs were leav-
There are several official primary source docu- ric surfaces, these being reference numbers for a ing the production line in late 1942 with their
ments, which either clearly and unambiguously 1 gallon container of Dark Green to DTD 314 and upper surfaces inished in Dark Green and
state or indirectly infer that at least some Fighter a 1 gallon container of Dark Green to DTD 83A Medium Sea Grey. Whilst the PRU was allowed to
Command Day Fighters were inished with Dark respectively noting that DTD 308 was no longer colour its aircraft in accordance with operational
Green and Medium Sea Grey upper surfaces as a available. requirements and that the camoulage and
matter of deliberate policy during 1942. The doc- HQ Fighter Command continued to refer to colouring did not necessarily conform to stan-
uments that clearly and unambiguously state the Day Fighter Scheme as being Dark Green dard, if what appears to have been a Dark Green,
that the Dark Green and Medium Sea Grey com- Medium Sea Grey and PRU Mauve scheme had
and Medium Sea Grey in its correspondence at
bination was being used on the upper surfaces been a special camoulage scheme for the PRU
least until October 1942. Following the adoption
of Day Fighters came into existence as part of in its entirety, would the drawing have not also
of the new Night Fighter Scheme, a similar
the development of the Night Fighter scheme, have shown the upper surface colours as well if
scheme for Intruder aircraft was adopted from
which was to replace the overall Special Night these were any different to those being applied
October. A letter from HQ Fighter Command to a
inish that had been in use on RAF Night Fighters to the standard Spitire Fighters at that time?
very wide range of recipients dated 18 October
since 1940. 1942 entitled 'Night Fighter (“Intruder”) Aircraft Whilst the documents cited above can be con-
There is no space here to go into the detail of Camoulage' stated that sidered to be official primary source documents,
the trials that led to the adoption of a new cam- at least one unofficial primary source document
'The following scheme for the camoulage of night
oulage scheme for Night Fighters. Suffice to say from late 1942 also stated that Dark Green and
ighter intruder aircraft has been adopted and is to Medium Sea Grey was being applied to the
that the Operational Research Section of Fighter be brought into effect forthwith.
Command submitted a report on the trials to- upper surfaces of Day Fighters. On 22 October
wards the end of July 1942. On 28 July HQ (i) Upper Surfaces. (Fuselage, Main plane and 1942 'The Aeroplane Spotter' made another at-
Fighter Command wrote to the Air Ministry with Tailplane) tempt to describe the camoulage and marking
regard to the report stating: Day ighter scheme, i.e. Dark green and sea of British aircraft operating from Great Britain.
grey medium (33B/202 for metal surfaces, Under the heading 'Fighter Command (Day Fight-
'In view of this report and in the interests of 33B/184 for fabric surfaces dark green, and ers)', the upper surfaces were described as being
standardisation, it is requested that all Night 'Dark Green and either Dark Sea Grey or Sea Grey
33B/157 sea grey medium.)
Fighter Aircraft to be camoulaged with standard Medium'. Under surfaces were described as being
day camoulage on the upper surfaces prefer- (ii) Fin and rudder. Sea grey medium (33B/157).
'Sea Grey Medium'. The extent to which this
ably with a lighter undercoat than now in day (iii) Under Surfaces. Smooth night Black (33B/205 nomenclature was being used colloquially, espe-
use, and standard smooth black inish on the or 33B/187).' cially the reference to 'Dark Sea Grey' is not
under surfaces.' Here, 33B/205 was a 1 gallon container of known, but it does suggest that there was more
Perhaps not surprisingly, the Air Ministry un- Night to DTD 314 whilst 33B/187 was a 1 gallon than one colour scheme being used on the
derstood this to mean that Fighter Command re- container of Night to DTD 83A. upper surfaces of Day Fighters at that time.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 63


CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

Spitire IX BS459 coded UZ-T of 306 (Polish) Squadron circa October 1942. BS459 is shown here with 'Sea Grey' and Dark Green on the upper
surfaces and Medium Sea Grey on the under surfaces as suggested by Supermarine Drawing 37864 Sheet 1. In the absence of deinitive proof of the
existence of 'Sea Grey' as an actual colour, it is depicted here as falling somewhere between Dark Sea Grey and Medium Sea Grey, perhaps having a hue
similar to the modern BS 381C colour No. 629 Dark Camoulage Grey.

The 'Sea Grey' Conundrum. Amendment No. 3 to DTD TC No. 144 as referred ble that 'Sea Grey' was a 'catch all'
The second scheme, which is thought to have to previously was headed 'Day ighters for Middle phrase meant to cover all these
seen widespread use, consisted of dark green East i.e. Desert Camoulage' and gave the upper variations. Whilst this explana-
and a colour that might have been known as surface colours as Dark Earth and Midstone with tion works with regard to the
'Sea Grey'. 13 September 1942 saw the publica- Azure Blue under surfaces. Is it therefore the US Army Handbook, it is less
tion of US Army Technical Manual 30-410 enti- case that Supermarine Drawing 37864 Sheet 1 satisfactory with regard to the
tled 'Handbook on the British Army, with showing the camoulage scheme for the Spitire Supermarine Drawing as in
supplement on the Royal Air Force and Civil De- IX Tropical dates from this context the implica-
fence Organisation'. The Supplement on the RAF July 1942 having been tion is that 'Sea Grey'
contained a table of British camoulage and drawn up in response was a speciic colour.
marking information as Figure 128 entitled to the requirements of Here there are arguably
'Camoulage and Markings of British Aircraft'. Of Paragraph 2 of only two possibilities,
the information it contained, all the correct offi- either it was
cial British nomenclature for the camou-
lage schemes
and colours
are used
with the
excep-
tion of
those
concerning
Day Fighters. In
this instance the
colours are given as being
'Upper surfaces dark green and sea
gray, under surfaces sea gray medium' (with
the American spelling). Given that absolutely
everything else contained in the table was cor- Amendment
rect, the reference to 'sea gray' without any kind No. 3 to DTD TC No. 144? Given an error
of qualifying nomenclature such as 'extra dark' that Paragraph 1 of Amendment No. 3 to DTD TC of omission of some de-
'dark' or 'medium' seems strange. No. 144 apparently introduced Ocean Grey, this scription and that 'Sea Grey'
might explain why an already extant Superma- has had a word or words omit-
The term 'Sea Grey' is also to be found on Su- rine Drawing 30064 Sheet 17 referred to 'Sea ted from it such as 'Extra', 'Dark'
permarine Drawing 37864 Sheet 1 showing the Grey' and not Ocean Grey'. The question this or 'Medium'. Of these, in the
camoulage scheme for the Spitire IX Tropical then raises is what was this colour 'Sea Grey', light of the other documentary
held by the RAF Museum. This drawing is un- which was apparently in use prior to the intro- evidence discussed previously,
dated and at irst glance it shows nothing too duction of Ocean Grey? perhaps the most likely word to
surprising as it illustrates the Desert Scheme of have been omitted is 'Medium'.
Dark Earth and Midstone on the upper surfaces That the term 'Sea Grey' should occur in ex-
actly the same context in two widely differing The second possibility is that
with Azure Blue under surfaces. There is a most there was a colour that was actu-
intriguing note however which states: source documents, a British aircraft manufac-
turer's technical drawing and a US Army Hand- ally called 'Sea Grey'.
'Identical to 30064 Sht 17 with the following alter- book, suggests that both had a common point The problem with this is that
ations. of origin. In the author’s opinion, that point of of chronology. For a colour called
Sea Grey altered to Dark Earth. origin must almost certainly have been the Air 'Sea Grey' to be applied on the
Dark Green altered to Middle Stone. Ministry and or the Ministry of Aircraft Produc- production line prior to Ocean
Sea Grey Medium altered to Azure Blue. tion, but why should such nomenclature be used Grey, then 'Sea Grey' must have
Spinner to be Dark Earth. when the name 'Ocean Grey' had been coined existed prior to the formulation of
Band around fuselage deleted. for the colour to be used on the upper surfaces Ocean Grey. There is how-
Yellow strip on wing leading edge deleted.' of Day Fighters in August 1941? ever no documen-
The critical question here is why does it not As has been discussed, by tary evidence
say 'Ocean Grey altered to Dark Earth'? early 1942, Day Fighters could to suggest
Whilst the date of Supermarine Drawing apparently be found with a that such
37864 Sheet 1 showing the camoulage scheme number of different shades a colour
for the Spitire IX Tropical is unknown, it is of par- of grey on their upper sur- existed.
ticular interest to note that Paragraph 2 of faces, and it is therefore possi- Unless...

64 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

The historical record is known to be incom- rect from the paint to have introduced this scheme on the produc-
plete and might it therefore be the case that a manufacturers, who tion line.
signiicant part of the story is still might be expected February 1943 saw the issue of DTD Technical
missing? Whilst it is known that to be in a better po-
Circular No. 360 'Camoulage and Identiication
the RAE named the seven parts sition to mix the
Marking of Aircraft'. This document replaced a
Medium Sea Grey and one part two colours in in-
multitude of earlier camoulage and marking in-
Night mix 'Ocean Grey' in Au- dustrial quanti-
structions such as DTD TC No. 144 and its
gust 1941, did
amendments,

which
were being
some- used by the aircraft
thing subsequently manufacturers. Appendix 1 was enti-
happen, perhaps sometime around Octo- tled 'Colour Schemes for Fighter Command Air-
ber/November 1941, as a result of the increas- ties? In either case, craft', and Paragraph 1 was headed 'Day Fighters'.
ingly diverse nature of the operational as both the ingredients It stated:
requirements of the RAF's Day Fighters, which were standard colours
ranged from medium to high altitude intercep- in full scale production, '(i) Upper surfaces (see Diagrams)
tion and escort work to low level Anti-Shipping it would have been un- Unshaded areas – Dark green.
sorties over the sea and Army Co-operation du- likely that there would Shaded Areas – Ocean grey.
ties over land, that the design colour of Ocean be a signiicant delay in (ii) Under surfaces – Medium sea grey.
Grey was modiied so as to offer a better com- provisioning. (iii) Boundary between Upper and Under Surfaces
promise colour more suitable for use in all these If the design colour of – Pattern No.1.
operational roles? Ocean Grey was (iv) Spinners – Sky.
If so, did the modiication changed after the provi-
result in a change of sioning process was (v) Additional Recognition Colouring.
hue from that begun, were steps sub- (a) A vertical band of Sky, 18 inches wide, around
obtained sequently taken to reas- the fuselage immediately forward of the tail
by mixing sign the name 'Ocean unit.
seven Grey' to the re- (b) As specially notiied for the particular type.
parts
vised
Medium (vi) Roundels - Marking I on upper surface of wing
colour
Sea Grey tips.
with
and one '' II on under '' '' '' ''
the
part Night, Marking III on both sides of fuselage.'
which is thought The author’s copy of Supermarine Drawing
to have resulted in a blue-grey No. 30064 Sheet 17G entitled 'Spitire Camou-
blue/green
somewhere between Medium and Dark
tint, with the original seven lage Scheme' as amended to 11 March 1943,
Sea Grey to the colour we know today as Ocean
parts Medium Sea Grey and which shows a Spitire Mk I, appears to have
Grey, which some people perceive as having ei-
one part Night mix which is thought to have re- been fully revised to meet the requirements of
ther a blueish or greenish tint that might ar-
sulted in a colour somewhere between Medium DTD TC No. 360. The colour key lists Dark Green
guably put it somewhere between Dark Sea
Sea Grey and Dark Sea Grey being re-named 'Sea 33B/202 -203; Ocean Grey 33B/489 – 490, which
Grey and Light Slate Grey, in a similar manner to
the trial colour Olive Grey? If so, when did this Grey'? were for 1 and 5 gallon containers and Medium
occur and what steps had already been taken to Sea Grey 33B/ 157, 389 and 459 which were for
provision the original version of the colour? ½, 1 and 5 gallon containers respectively. A cross
The Standard Day Fighter Scheme check with DTD TC No.360 reveals that all these
By the end of October, it might be reasonable
Whatever the truth of the matter, it is thought 33B numbers are correct.
to assume that steps had been taken to provi-
that all of the various Day Fighter schemes de-
sion the original colour, which resulted from The instructions contained in DTD TC No. 360
scribed above faded from the scene from July
mixing seven parts Medium Sea Grey and one then remained current until the end of the war
1942 as the colour we know today as Ocean Grey
part Night for use by both the aircraft manufac- and in October 1943, the decision was taken to
began to become widely available. AMO
turers and the Service. Unfortunately, it is not adopt the Home Day Fighter Scheme as the pro-
known how this was done. Did the aircraft man- A.664/42 dated 2 July 1942 entitled 'Camoulage,
duction scheme for all Day Fighters, irrespective
ufacturers and Service simply buy in sufficient Colouring and Markings of Aircraft' stated that
of their eventual Theatre of Operations. Where
quantities of the two colours, which they then 'The day ighter scheme consists of dark green and
any alterations were deemed necessary to meet
mixed themselves as needed, or were steps ocean grey.' and as mentioned previously, Super-
local conditions following delivery, these would
taken to procure a Prepared For Use colour di- marine Mod. No. 622 dated 14 July 1942 appears
have to be effected using Command resources.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 65


H M C G U I D E TO S C A L E M O D E L L I N G

THERE’S NO NEED TO FEEL DOWN... By Gary Hatcher

T
he constant requests from readers to run months for the beneit of someone who
Kit No: 32030
speciic How To material presents the happened to have missed that crucial piece on
Scale: 1/32 editorial team with a problem. On the one ‘how to do precisely that technique I need right
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic hand we want to respond positively to requests here and now...’ I never tire of pointing out that
Manufacturer: ICM and include articles that are both useful and reading a complete issue of SAM will yield more
www.icm.com.ua informative, on the other hand it is difficult to How To information than anyone can assimilate
justify running the same information every few in the period it is on sale, but as we continue to

Here the cockpit framing has been assembled


as per the kit instructions Because the upper fuselage section forces the The starboard side panel was a perfect it.
fuselage halves apart a little, the framing Here the top panel has also been secured in
snapped under pressure when the two halves place with superglue, with the irewall holding
were joined. It might be expedient to remove everything square
the top bar and replace it once the front end
has been completed as there was a degree of
heavy handling involved in the construction

The port side panel after some blending in. It


The port side was less successful, and with is best to do as much of this as possible before
hindsight I would have added these panels to looding the joints with liquid poly, and be
the fuselage halves irst and ensured a perfect ICM’s CAD model gives some idea of the sure to wash all debris out of the engraved
it before proceeding further breakdown of the kit parts detail before any further gluing or priming

66 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H M C G U I D E TO S C A L E M O D E L L I N G

Much of Eduard’s set will be redundant if you Dipping into both B and D kits I found I
are not opening the lower cowling panels. inished the B front end (rear) better than the
They do offer a ZOOM fret though, which D (front). I decided to push on with the D
focuses on the cockpit and omits the engine though as the marking options appealed more
The engine needs to be assembled before the and hatch details
cowling can be itted. Eduard’s set includes
details for those wishing to display an open
cowling, but I simply wanted to get it built,
itted and out of the way

The inished Bu 131B fuselage with everything


lush and as tidy as it is likely to look without The marginal differences between the Bu
painting 131D (top) and the B can be seen here

Some scratch
detailing added
This is the engine itted into the Bu 131B. Time to the port
now to complete the cowling and shut it away sidewall
out of sight

The key to getting as tidy a inish as possible


was to use superglue irst to tack parts in
place, cleaning them up and then looding the
seam with thin liquid poly. This allows sharper Eduard’s colour etch is, as always, an essential
seam and panel lines and gave me a neater element to any build I undertake, especially if Etched details from Eduard’s fret provided
more accurate assembly the cockpit has to be open some interest to the inside of the cockpit doors

receive requests for focussed modelling guides engineered in such a way as to allow these panels and upper cowling depending on which
here is an attempt to kill two birds with one options to be included, which usually, as in this variant you are building. Both kits include all the
stone, a revisit of some of the methods case, adds some complication to assembly. parts for both the B and D so make sure you
previously employed in our HMC Guide, applied Nothing we modellers can’t deal with though! decide which you need right from the start and
speciically to a recent new tooling. I had both the Bu 131B and D boxings to hand, lose the others. The nose end is the only
In this instance the kit in question is ICM’s and decided to experiment with both and see signiicant visible difference between the two.
rather splendid little Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann, a how deviating from the instructions’ With the cockpit frame assembled and itted I
very tidy 1/32 tooling that has so far appeared in recommended sequence could help. glued the rear fuselage halves and here I came
three boxings, and also been reissued by Revell. Starting with the Bu 131D I assembled the upon the irst issue. The cross members on the
The kit is nicely tooled, offers some good cockpit basic cockpit as per the instructions, gluing the framing are quite thin, and given the pressures
detail and excellent surface engraving but like so nicely presented frames into place as and manhandling that are going to be necessary
many kits has been engineered to allow for recommended. The tooling of the kit allows for to get the cowling side panels seated lush I
multiple options to be boxed, meaning there are most of the detail work to be done after the would recommend retro itting the entire
alternative parts depending on the variant to be fuselage halves had been joined. Wanting an cockpit frame after the front end has been built
modelled. This, as we discussed back along, integral airframe with no bad joints I decided to up. They are a very tight it, in fact may even be a
offers mixed blessings. On the one hand the move on immediately to assembly of the little too wide, and do not stand up to my less
modeller is given more choice in the cowling area, where a number of parts make up than subtle modelling techniques.
marketplace, but on the other the kit has to be the forward fuselage, with a choice of side The irst parts that need to be itted onto the

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 67


H M C G U I D E TO S C A L E M O D E L L I N G

Here the Bu 131D has been primed and sanded. The side panel now sits Eduard’s etched details for the doors were adapted to it to the kit parts
in place naturally and looks like a part of the airframe rather than a badly as I wanted to model them closed. The insides of the doors are quite
joined afterthought... visible on the model so worth taking some pains with

The colour etched Revell’s release of


panel in situ. The doors the kit showing
and central coaming the interior ‘from
will be itted once the the box’
seats have their belts
added and can go in at
the same time

forward fuselage are the two side panels B1-2 joints as the superglue does not melt the plastic the interior. This can be done without too much
and B1-3. With hindsight these would have been and a sharper cleaner panel line could be difficulty as the cockpit loor assembly is
better added to their respective halves before achieved by doing all the messy work without mounted on the lower wing and can be inished
the fuselage was joined, but I realised that too polystyrene cement. and added separately.
late. Twice in fact! I tacked them into place with A degree of sanding and touching up with Once this was all done to my satisfaction the
superglue, ensuring they sat lush but could be iller and rescribing was inevitable, but not lower wing was added and all seams attended to
removed without any cement damage to the nearly so much as I had feared and with this mid with no more than the usual sanding and illing.
seam if needs be. section all done and dusted I was able to move Fit is generally good and at time of writing the
Next up was the upper fuselage section on to the engine cowling. model is well advanced and just awaiting
immediately forward of the cockpit. A test it This all went much smoother as the it is near seatbelts to arrive before the cockpit can be
showed that this could be made to sit perfectly perfect. It was necessary to build up the engine inished and the top wing and undercarriage
lush on one side, but a slight twist would be irst, as it is visible through the front of the added.
necessary to get it in place on the other. I cowling. This is a complex assembly but went ICM’s Bucker is a beautiful little model, and
decided to it the engine irewall irst to try and together quickly and easily. I didn’t bother with with a little care build up neatly and easily. My
square things up, as the fuselage sides have a any super detailing or painting beyond an deviations from the instructions’ sequence are
tendency to bow in a little, and it is this that overall spray with Humbrol’s Polished Steel geared towards my own skill levels, and while I
makes for such a precocious it around the Metalcote as so little will actually be visible. don’t doubt there are modellers who will achieve
cockpit framing. The irewall was again tacked a perfect it without going to any of the pains I
with tiny spots of superglue and the upper Engine itted, the rest of the cowling caused
few issues and once the entire front end had did, the kit is a classic example of how what
section itted. This was glued into place on the might be assumed a quick build for an average
starboard side only, again with superglue, before been given time to cure I spent a little time on
tidying and checking all the seams before modeller needs additional thought, chiely due
being taped irmly on the port side so it was to the kit having been engineered for multiple
forced into as tight and accurate a position as turning my attention to the cockpit, secure in
the knowledge that any pains I took in this area options.
possible against the port side panel. The result
was a perfect it on one side, with almost no would not be damaged or compromised by my So the How To point to be made here is the
clean up necessary, while on the other there was brute handling of the fuselage. need to ignore everything you read in the
a visible ridge between the side panel and the Turning now to the cockpit I undertook instructions until you have analysed it, tested it,
upper section. I decided to tackle this before several sessions of keyhole surgery to add both and found you agree.
looding the area with superglue and sealing the kit parts and elements of Eduard’s set 32925 to Needless to say ‘to be continued’...

68 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
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SCALED UP

Sikorsky CH-54 Skycrane to Erickson S-64 Air-Crane


By Des Brennan

The outboard pod mounted Pratt & Whitney Double Wasp radial engines adopted from the S-56/CH-37 Mojave are obvious on this view of the Sikorsky
S-60 prototype seen in 1959 as is the tail wheel and in arrangement. The underslung transport pod however looks very much as if it has been
converted from a bus (United States Marine Corps)

E
arly January is often a time of planning and larger helicopter. aircraft such as the Lockheed Jetstar, North
consideration of the year ahead, which was From Skycrane to Tahre to Air-Crane American Sabreliner and Martin RB-57F
my excuse for dozing lightly while nose Canberra. The aircraft would be of modular
diving slowly into my computer keyboard on The idea of a lying crane helicopter with design comprising crew cabin/centre
what was only the second ‘working day’ of 2018 minimal fuselage, modular equipment options fuselage/tail boom and would have a six bladed
up this end of the world. Typically it was cold, and enhanced load lifting capability had been a main rotor and four bladed tail rotor. Like many
grey, damp and miserable and when a vague long standing goal for Igor Sikorsky and was one later Sikorsky helicopters the crew cabin was
aircraft noise disturbed my lethargy I did think it of the last projects in which he was personally well glazed with a short nose providing good
was an awful day for one of the Tayside Aviation involved throughout. The concept was irst visibility forward and to both sides for both pilot
students to be straying so far from Dundee realised with the Sikorsky S-60 prototype, which and co-pilot located ahead of and below the
Airport. Instead I was startled to look out and had a roughly similar cockpit/fuselage layout to engines and rotor assembly. In general this was
see a bright orange coloured Erickson S-64 Air- the later S-64/CH-54 but shared the a great improvement on earlier arrangements,
Crane heading seawards at low level before very transmission, rotor arrangement and pair of which had cockpits high above nose mounted
impressively banking north. Not only was it the Pratt & Whitney Double Wasp Radial Engines on engines but still left underslung loads invisible
irst CH-54/S-64 I had seen and almost certainly the outboard pods of the S-56/CH-37 Mojave. to the pilot with pick-up and delivery dependant
the irst civilian S-64 to have visited the UK but Design work started in 1958, the aircraft irst on instructions from the ground or a
also the irst visit of that wider Sikorsky family lew in March of the following year, and in over crewmember hanging out of the aircraft. What
since some by German based United States three hundred hours of test lying until it would uniquely set the S-64/CH-54 apart was
Army CH-54s in the early 1970s. The aircraft crashed just over two years later proved itself the provision of a third crew position facing
seen, S-64F N158AC/Goliath operated by very capable in the role despite being rearwards in a clear curved bubble offset to port
Erickson Incorporated, had been delivered to the undeniably underpowered. providing side-to-side and downward visibility
local port by ship for reassembly to support a By that time Sikorsky was already addressing of the load although in full production CH-54As
civil engineering task further north near Keith in this problem by replacing the radial engines and Bs the starboard side of the cabin was
Moray. However its departure along a route inherited from the S-56/CH-37 with a pair of extended further aft and incorporated the crew
previously used by Royal Air Force and Royal upper fuselage mounted Pratt & Whitney T-73 entry door. This third crew-member was
Navy Sea Kings to access/egress the Angus Turboshaft engines in his S-64 Skycrane design. provided with an armrest mounted hand
Glens and Southern Cairngorms on SAR callouts In its related JT12 (civil) and J60 (military) forms controller to ly the aircraft, which was
in poor visibility emphasised the impressive these engines have powered essentially the irst production ly by wire system
manoeuvrability and lower noise footprint of and
this much

Sikorsky YCH-54A Tarhe, 64-14202/OK Babe, without crew cabin extension was among the irst Skycranes deployed to South Vietnam with 478 Aviation
Company and when seen here in 1965 still carried full colour US Army titles and national insignia on both the aircraft and the longer style of Universal
Military Pod with rear ramp extension carried below. The aircraft was destroyed but with all aboard surviving at Da Nang on 9th August 1966 when the
underslung load became unstable (US Army)

70 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
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Final production batch Sikorsky CH-54A Tarhe, 68-18455, in-light with engine dust ilters itted and carrying an underslung Universal Military Pod
without rear ramp extension for which the winching points can be clearly seen on the fuselage boom side. The aircraft is carrying the low visibility style
of markings that began to be introduced in 1966. 68-18455 served with 295 Aviation Company, irst at Fort Sill in Oklahoma and then Finthen in West
Germany, the Mississippi National Guard and then entered the civil register with Siller Helicopters as N9125M (US Army)

Sikorsky CH-54B Tarhe, 69-18468, from 208 Aviation Company of the


Connecticut National Guard based at Bradley Field near Windsor Locks is
itted with engine intake dust ilters, and shows the twin wheel
undercarriage arrangement of the B-model, as well as a slightly different
This otherwise unidentiied CH-54A Tarhe, with extended crew cabin on ducting arrangement to shield the control runs along the forward
the starboard side, also carries a 155mm Howitzer as an underslung load fuselage boom and the extended cabin arrangement of the production
from the central winch in addition to the gun crew who are seated in CH-54 variants. The aircraft entered the civil register as a CH-54B in 2001
what seems to be a pallet forming a loor within a cargo net secured to and following several changes is currently operated as N722HY by US
the fuselage boom, crew cabin and main undercarriage legs (US Army) Leasco Inc. (US Army)

Sikorsky CH-54A Tarhe, 67-18418/Big Mother, from 478 Aviation


Company is prepared during 1969 at Da Nang Air Base in South Vietnam
to carry a 15,000lb (10,000kg) BLU-82/B Big Blue Bomb although the
Sikorsky CH-54A Tarhe, 68-18438, from 1160 Aviation Company of the thirty eight inch (977mm) Daisy Cutter fuse extender has yet to be itted.
Georgia Army National Guard participating in annual training for the Engine intake dust ilters are itted, some protective ducting has been
state’s G Company 24 Aviation Regiment at Fort Stewart in 1988. The itted over the fuselage boom control runs and the side cabin door is
aircraft has engine intake dust ilters itted, no ducting protecting the open. The aircraft later served with both Kansas and Nevada Army
control runs along the boom (Georgia Army National Guard photo by Spc National Guards and when withdrawn from service was preserved at
Toby Moore) Reno National Guard Base (US Army)

allowed control of the aircraft for pinpoint bearing collar connected to it or suspended Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke or VFW, based
accuracy when collecting, moving and from four ixing/winching points on the boom. in West Germany. The irst S-64 development
delivering loads. In addition two jump seats Because of wider NATO interest at the time for aircraft, N325Y, lew in May 1962 for US
were provided, one between pilot and co-pilot the S-64 to support dispersed airield operations evaluation and although two similar aircraft,
and the other to the side of the rear position. Sikorsky were joined in the development of the N305Y/D-9510 and N306Y/D-9511, were
Loads themselves could be carried from a aircraft by a group of twelve engineers seconded delivered to the West German government for
fuselage boom mounted winch, or via a load from Weser Flugzeugbau, later to become both civil and military evaluation, none were

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 71


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An unidentiied Sikorsky CH-54B Tarhe from 343 Aviation Detachment


(Heavy Helicopter) of 222 Aviation Battalion based at Fort Wainwright in
Sikorsky CH-54A Tarhe, 67-18418/Big Mother, from 478 Aviation Alaska seen at Eielson AFB in Alaska in the early to mid 1970s at a time
Company in light during 1969 over South Vietnam wearing a 1 Air when Day-Glo areas were carried over the normally drab colour scheme.
Cavalry Division badge on the rear boom and carrying a 15,000lb The aircraft carries drop tanks below the main undercarriage outriggers
(10,000kg) BLU-82/B Big Blue Bomb with thirty eight inch (977mm) Daisy and has iberglass coated wooden skis itted for landing on snow
Cutter fuse extender on the nose and a drogue parachute packed in the although these were rather susceptible to damage (US Department of
rear (US Army) Defence photo by TSGT Robert C. Leach)

ordered. The US Army however was far more already pioneering Heli-logging techniques in eighteenth century.
positive and six S-64As, designated as YCH-54A Oregon acquired his irst S-64. With the passage Entry to service came at a time when the US
64-14202 to 64-14207, were ordered along with of time Erickson and the company he founded Army was adapting to various new ideas
detachable Universal Military Pods for a full expanded both the role and mission equipment including a more luid modular approach to
operational evaluation. This in turn led to an of the S-64 and its niche capabilities globally combat operations and equipment. These
order for ifty four full production standard S- from load carrying into civil engineering, hydro included proposals made by General James M.
64As, designated CH-54A 66-18408 to 66-18413, seeding, ire ighting and perhaps most Gavin based on his airborne forces experience in
67-18414 to 67-18431, 68-18432 to 68-1846, for unusually the test dropping and recovery of re- World War II who among other projects
army service with the same T-73-P-1 engines, entry vehicles for the space programme. supported the concept of easily air transportable
single wheel main undercarriage units and In 1992 when the company was operating as equipment and championed the M113 series of
capable of carry loads up to 20,000lb (9,072kg). Erickson Air-Crane the Type Certiication vehicles. The CH-54’s undoubted capabilities and
These were followed later by orders for a allowing manufacture and remanufacture of potential to carry podded air transportable
further thirty seven S-64Bs designated CH-54B of parts and airframes was transferred from equipment epitomised Gavin’s approach to air
which twenty nine were delivered, 69-18462 to Sikorsky, which led to the aircraft mobile combat lexibility. These easily attached
69-18484 and 70-18485 to 70-18490, with more remanufactured by them being renamed Air- standard Military Universal Pods were equipped
powerful T-73-P-700 engines, twin wheel main Crane although the original S-64E and F with lights and air conditioning, power sockets
undercarriage units, itted for carrying drop designations were retained for remanufactured drawing power from the aircraft when attached
tanks under the main wheel outriggers and CH-54As and Bs respectively. Air-Cranes along or from generators when not. Their lexibility
capable of carrying loads up to 25,000lb with Sikorsky built S-64s and civilianised CH-54s allowed them to be conigured for roles such as
(11,340kg). Optional large wedge shaped have been and are still used by other operators workshop, troop carrying, casualty evacuation,
particulate ilters were later developed to but at present the Erickson S-64 leet accounts communications and control, operating theatre
protect the engines on both variants from the for around half of the S-64/CH-54s currently or even as a mobile PX or Post Exchange.
effects of circulating dust and snow, which when lying with the rest shared among other civilian Aviation Companies, as the basic army operating
itted atop the fuselage stretched back from operators, public bodies and government unit, were assigned a nominal strength of nine
behind the cockpit to the front face of the agencies. aircraft and three pods but as it turned out the
engines. Twenty two Universal Military Pods, pod system was not as heavily used in combat
each with its own unique military serial in the operations as had been expected. Nevertheless,
range 68-18578 to 68-18599, were built and Sikorky’s CH-54 Tarhe in Army Service deploying the CH-54 to Vietnam between 1965
issued across the operational units. The CH-54A entered US Army service in 1964 and 1974, serving initially with 478 Flying Crane
Civil recognition of the lying crane concept as the Tarhe following a tradition of identifying Company later renamed Aviation Company
was a little slower but remained central to that service’s aircraft using Native American (Heavy Helicopter) of 44 Air Transportation
Sikorsky’s goal and to this end seven CH-54As terms, although it was uniquely different in that Battalion supporting the First Cavalry Division
were completed to the civilian standards of the it was named after an individual rather than a (Airmobile), very much proved the worth of the
day, with the original short crew cabin and nation or people. Tarhe (1742-1818), also known aircraft. Lessons learned in combat led to the
unobstructed rear bubble as S-64E Skycranes in as The Crane, had been a leader of the Wyandot improvements made in the CH-54B but the
1969. In 1971 in a move which would have then or Huron People in Ohio and had resisted planned drawdown of the US presence in
unimagined results Jack Erickson who was westward European expansion until late in the Vietnam meant that this later model was never

A pair of Sikorsky CH-54B Tarhe from 343 Aviation Detachment (Heavy Sikorsky CH-54B Tarhe, 69-18467, was transferred from 208 Aviation
Helicopter) of 222 Aviation Battalion based at Fort Wainwright in Alaska Company of the Connecticut Army National Guard to NASA at their
with 70-18488 in the foreground and seen in the early to mid 1970s. The Langley Research Centre in Virginia during March 1972 and was used
white patch on the nose of 18488 carries a copy of the certiicate there as NASA 539 in a Large Helicopter Research Programme until
granted for world speed and weight to height records broken by the January 1974. Seen here during 1972 with a light instrumentation
aircraft in 1970, and was retained albeit in a low-vis style when the Day- boom itted ahead of the cockpit, carrying its NAS identity on the tail
Glo was removed. Later named Isabell, the aircraft is preserved at Camp boom as well as NASA badges on nose and tail, the aircraft later entered
Denali in Alaska (US Department of Defence photo by STAFF SGT. Steven L. the civil market as a CH-54B and is currently operated by Helicopter
Nyberg) Transport Services (NASA)

72 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
S K YC R A N E

deployed there. theoretically carry a load of two


During combat operations in bombs internally both further and
Vietnam, and in its intended war faster but could not safely land with
role in Northern Europe, the CH-54 both aboard.
was heavily dedicated to what Once withdrawn from Vietnam
might be considered more and with the widespread
conventional helicopter resupply introduction of the Chinook into US
and load carrying duties. These Army service the CH-54 had been
ranged widely from ship-to-shore phased out of regular army service
offloading of palletised and netted by the mid 1970s. While lacking the
stores and point-to-point in CH-54’s precision
country logistical resupply of the collection/delivery and rapid
same, moving heavy weaponry and turnaround capabilities with
engineering equipment to underslung loads, the Chinook was
otherwise isolated locations, capable of carrying slightly heavier
supporting infrastructure building loads and had an integral troop
projects again in often isolated cabin providing an instant
locations, relocating artillery multirole capacity consistent with
batteries, and recovering war and the way that Airmobile tactics and
Sikorsky CH-54B Skycrane, N715HT, operated by Helicopter Transport accident damaged equipment. In practices had evolved in the years
the latter role alone an estimated since the CH-54 concept entered
Services, approaches to load water using the extended Pond Snorkel 380 damaged aircraft with an development. Although replaced in
while working to suppress a ire at South Fork Lost Creek in Oregon estimated value of $210 million regular army service the CH-54
during August 2011. The aircraft retains the CH-54 crew cabin extension along with countless surface continued to serve with the Army
on the starboard side and carries a more rounded style of water tank vehicles, which might otherwise National Guard until its inal light
unlike than that on the Erickson Helitanker and carries the Sea Snorkel have been destroyed in-situ, were in January 1993 with the Nevada
recovered by the CH-54 potentially Guard. During this time the CH-
under the centreline. Delivered to the US Army as 69-18470 the aircraft recouping the cost of every CH-54 54As were operated by the Georgia
originally served with 208 Aviation Company, Connecticut Army built for the army several times NG at Savanah, Nevada NG at Reno,
National Guard (Courtesy United States Department of Agriculture Forest over. Mississippi NG at Meridian, and
Service) One far from conventional role Pennsylvania NG at Indiantown
for the CH-54 was the Combat Trap Gap while the CH-54Bs were
mission to deliver either the operated by the Alaska NG at Fort
10,000lb (4,500kg) M121 or later Richardson, Alabama NG at
post 1969 15,000lb (10,000kg) BLU- Birmingham and Connecticut NG at
82/B Big Blue Bombs both Bradley. Their reserve service is
employing thirty eight inch recalled in the names that that
(977mm) Daisy Cutter fuse some of the renovated aircraft
extenders to ensure detonation operated by Erickson have been
above ground to prevent surface given, with Georgia Peach being
cratering. Dropped from 6,000 feet the most obvious and Elvis perhaps
(1,829m) and stabilised by a drogue a close runner-up.
parachute this created, dependant
on terrain, a blast zone varying Erickson’s Air-Crane Lives On
from 100 to 300 yards (91 to 274
metres) in diameter to provide To fulil Igor Sikorsky’s goal for
instant helicopter assault landing his S-64 Skycrane to have a civilian
zones/artillery ire bases/forward application, seven CH-54As were
operating bases. In addition the completed to civil standards as the
resulting blast caused extreme S-64E, and later civilianised CH-
physical and psychological damage 54Bs would be designated S-64F.
to any hostile force in the Transport Category certiication
area as well as was granted by the Federal
neutralising mineields Aviation Authority (FAA) in 1969
and Improvised Explosive but civil interest was modest until
Devices. Initial evaluation Erickson leased his irst S-64E in
was carried out over Vietnam 1971 and then bought irstly one
Sikorsky S-64E Skycrane, N4035S, production number 64099, with the followed by three more during the
using the CH-54 carrying a
short style of crew cabin with entry door in the rear and operated by single bomb as underslung following year. Not only was this
Sillers Brothers Inc. heads back to the front lines of the Waldo Canyon ire cargo although operationally the beginning of a growing
after picking up a load of slurry at the USAF Academy Airield in the role was later ceded to the leet but it was
Colorado Springs, Colorado on 28th June 2012 and is carrying an USAF and their C-130 Hercules,
which could also a
Erickson Helitanker style tank (US Air Force photo by Mike Kaplan) irst step in a process
that would revitalise the S-64 and
has already doubled its life beyond
its initial military career. In 1992 as
US Army CH-54

operations drew to an end


Erickson bought the Type
Certiication from
Sikorsky for both the S-
64E and F models
resulting in their
renaming as the Erickson
Air-Crane as the company
was then known. This
provided authority for
manufacturing parts and
components, and
remanufacturing existing
airframes as well as the
responsibility to provide
both parts and
technical support
for all S-64 and
civilianised
Erickson S-64F Air-Crane, N237AC/Sun Bird, in the livery of San Diego Gas & Electric for whom it was being operated under CH-54
contract by Erickson Inc. lands at Morro Bay in California during December 2013 where it was involved in the test dropping and
recovery of the SpaceX Dragon test vehicle for which a rigid adapter was itted to the centre fuselage mounted winch. A
maintenance equipment trolley is being carried under the fuselage boom aft of the crew cabin. Delivered to the US Army as CH-
54B, 70-1848, the aircraft originally served with 292 Aviation Company, Alabama Army National Guard (NASA photo by Kim Shilett)

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 73


S K YC R A N E

operators of which some of the latter had been as developing Night Vision Goggle (NVG) this has been done on their behalf under
converted for civilian use by other operators. In capable Glass Cockpits, various modernised contract by Erickson who control over half of the
2007 the FAA extended this to a Full Production avionic and systems options including GPS, around forty or so S-64s operating around the
Certiicate but despite now holding full Satcom, autopilot and weather radar as well as globe. While aerial ire ighting is only one role
manufacturing rights the availability of surplus development of a Composite Main Rotor Blade. among many for the S-64 and its operators it is
airframes has yet to necessitate the building of a the one most often brought to public attention
complete new aircraft. and increasingly so in recent years, which have
In addition role speciic equipment has been challenged previous norms regarding high ire
As it is the conversion from CH-54 to S-64 developed including an antirotation collar to
involves over one hundred modiications the risk seasons in various parts of the world. In
stabilise loads in light and the Helitanker ire order to have aircraft in place to meet demand,
most obvious of which are reinstating the ighting equipment. The collar, secured to the
shorter crew cabin where necessary, shielding Erickson is well practiced over many years in
central fuselage mounted winch, with its integral prepositioning numbers of S-64s by sea,
the control runs along the side of the starboard bear jaw grip allows full control and stability of
fuselage boom and itting a debris/ire shield although in emergencies air transports such as
any load carried. Lifting unusual or difficult loads the Antonov An-124 have been used, to many
between and over the engines. As the CH-54/S- into or out of unusual or difficult places is
64 does not have engine cowlings this meets a countries for all purposes whether annual ire or
perhaps the more newsworthy side of load logging season support or one-off engineering
civilian requirement to protect each engine as lifting and civil engineering operations. The
well along with the gearbox and rotor hub from or other tasks. Simply, in relative terms, a case of
reality is in the more prosaic day in, day out removing and crating the rotor blades then
any engine ire or compressor failure. Until 2010 repetitive operations such as logging, electrical
only operating aircrew members or trainees protecting the rotor head, gearbox and other
transmission pylon placement, HVAC and other vulnerable areas by wrapping in suitably orange
under instruction could ly in the S-64, which has tall building services plant services equipment
a slightly different crew cabin arrangement from coloured plastic and loading along with a
positioning for which the antirotation collar standard shipping container housing a self-
the CH-54 with a rear door entering a shorter allows fast turnaround with minimum disruption
cabin rather than one into an extended contained customised workshop containing
and infrastructure on the ground. The Helitanker over a million US dollars’ worth of tools and
starboard side. Since then FAA regulations have is based around a wedge shaped tank carried on
made provision for the rear-seat and two jump parts.
the underside of the centre fuselage and reilled
seats to be used by non-aircrew employees on either from an extendable hydrofoil ram water
non-load carrying lights subject to provisions scoop or Sea Snorkel as the helicopter lies as Modelling
such as the their being essential to operations low as six feet (1.83m) over an open water
on the ground upon arrival, the Helicopters in general are often not that well
source or if access is restricted a droppable wide represented in kit form and on that basis the CH-
disconnection/locking of the controls in the rear diameter Pond Snorkel to be used either in the
control position and the aircraft remaining 54/S-64 has fared better than some other types
hover or with rotors turning on the ground. with three injection moulded kits despite the
within ive minutes of a safe landing area Water or ire retardant chemical slurry can be
throughout any light. most recent of these being irst released back in
dropped directly or the aircraft can be used as a 1973. All have all been of the short crew cabin
The irst aircraft to undergo the lying water cannon using a boom mounted YCH-54A/S-64E and in chronological order are a
remanufacturing process by Erickson under the spray nozzle ixed outside the crew cabin and release in 1/72 scale by Revell in 1968, another in
FAA Type Certiication was a former US Army CH- connected by a hose to the tank for more 1/72 scale by Aurora in 1969 and inally in 1/100
54B 69-14873, production number 64081, which accurate placement. While many times larger scale by Tamiya in 1973, which in turn was
had irst lown in 1968 and became the irst S- than tanks carried by most ire ighting rereleased by Revell-Ceji in 1985. Of these the
64F when completed as N158AC in January helicopters the 12,650 US gallon (10,030 litre) 1/72 Revell kit has been re-issued several times,
1993. It had a strengthened airframe, was tank carries around a quarter of the capacity of most recently in 2010, with different box art and
powered by Pratt and Whitney JFTD12-5A the largest wide body ixed wing tankers but its generally with various US Army markings
turboshaft engines and was still capable of three to four minute turnaround time although a 2001 release (04471) included decals
lifting 5,000lb (2,268kg) more than the JFTD12- depending on water source availability and for an Erickson S-64 Air-Crane. Both 1/72 scale
4A powered (CH-54A) S-64E. Many of the precision delivery capability continues to prove injection moulded kits have their share of both
Air-Cranes operated by Erickson carry individual invaluable. Conversely in a process not unlike good and bad points and at least one online
names arrived at by diverse means but always in water bombing and capable of being repeated source suggests combining the two to make the
some way connected with the aircraft or the on a similar turnaround hydro seeding involves best of the good. An injection moulded kit to
company. Some names already described are combinations of seed/water/agricultural current production standards is long overdue
linked to the aircraft’s use by the Army National chemical being released to reseed large targeted and perhaps with the trend among some
Guard, while N158AC mentioned areas quickly, for example to stabilise ire Eastern European manufacturers to stray away
above still serving with Erickson, damaged ground with regrowth and lessen the from the mainstream a 1/72 or even larger
and the aircraft deployed to risks of erosion and landslides. production series Tarhe or Air-Crane may
Scotland in 2018, was named Goliath In addition to Erickson a number of other surprise us one day.
because its irst maintenance crew chief mainly North American civil operators as well as
was named Dave. Since Goliath was rolled In other media a series of three 1/144 scale
public utilities and services such as San Diego resin kits were released by LEM in 2012 offering
out in 1993 the company has Gas and Electric and both Los Angeles City
continued the CH-54A with either Daisy Cutter Bomb or
and Los Angeles County Fire Brigades Cargo Pod loads and a CH-54B with drop
remanufacturing along with both the Korean and Italian
both the S-64E tanks and ski feet. Alternatively for
Forestry Services overseas operate those seeking a slightly different
and F as or have operated the S-64.
well approach ALTAYA released a partially
Some of these have owned assembled metal and plastic diecast CH-
and lown the aircraft 54A in 1/72 scale to accompany a
in their own right magazine part work series. Finally for
while for anyone with a sense of adventure, and deep
others pockets, there is a 1/32 vacform S-64F
airframe, series of separate 3D printed detail
parts, and alternative decals for old and new
style Forestale markings by the German radio
control model irm Heli Scale Quality, which
could provide the basis for a large scale CH-
54/S-64.

Erickson S-64E Air-Crane, N173AC/Christine,


operated by Erickson in the Helitanker ire
ighting role seen in action dealing with hot
spots over Reservoir Road west of Loveland in
Colorado on 13th September 2010. Delivered
to the US Army as CH-54A, 66-18413, the
aircraft originally served with 137
Transportation Company, Kansas Army
National Guard (Federal Emergency
Management Agency photo by Michael Rieger)

74 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C

By Trevor Pask

The impression is of something detailed and help hide the


different, more akin to a toy than a lack of depth in the
model. Some modellers never get beyond that cowling,
point, but despite the small parts count and the which can
compromised and hard to ix detail in some be hidden
areas, the kits are still kits, and do not simply as well by
throw themselves together. The simpliied careful
component breakdown leads to fewer issues painting and
with assembly, but there is still some dry
conventional work to do. What is an advantage is
that this approach facilitates a quicker route to
the painting and inishing stage, which is
arguably the most creative element in the brushing to
Kit No: HB80257 modelling process. emphasis
HobbyBoss produce two kits of the P-47D, the the relief of
Scale: 1/72
bubble and earlier razor back variants. The the detail that is
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic bubble top variant was used for this project, but present.
Manufacturer: HobbyBoss all of the construction comments would be Other features of the
Creative Models/Squadron applicable to the razor back, the kits mainly kit, which were probably
differing in a different fuselage being provided. designed for ease of
Aftermarket: Skymodels Decals
The mouldings are exemplary with no lash or assembly but which actually
SKY72050 sink marks. Ejector pin marks are hidden. Surface complicate things, are
detail is just about right for this scale being ine moulding features such as

H
obbyBoss present the kits in their Easy Kit recessed panel lines. The main issue a purist may aerials and gun barrels integrally
range in a distinctive manner that have with the kit is that the moulding with the main components. The
possibly deters some ‘real’ modellers. The techniques produce a cockpit that has very little radio aerial in particular is very easily damaged
kits are presented in uncommonly small boxes by the way of detail and with no conventional and my advice is to cut this off and re-attach it at
by modern standards and most if not all the fuselage halves, a task like that of building a ship the end of the build. The wing guns are not so
parts are presented within a plastic tray insert. in a bottle to add anything substantial. A seat fragile, but they are still better protected with
The point of this range is that they use slide belt can be added without too much trouble, masking tape during the build.
moulding technology to produce the main but that is about it. The engine detail is also very The wing to fuselage joint is not exact and
airframe in a handful of pieces. These are often a basic and again pretty much impossible to some iller is required. This work is not difficult
fuselage and a set of wings, which are correct. On the plus side are the wheel wells, but should not be rushed as the damage to the
prominently and securely embedded within the which are deep enough to be realistic, but engraved surface detail can be minimised, which
tray. The method of packaging the parts may not shallow enough to contain a reasonable amount saves some time on rescribing. Surprisingly the
be good for the planet in terms of the plastic of detail. Another good point is the provision of tail plane to fuselage joints required the most
going to landill or worse, but it prevents the two types of propellers, used on the P47, the iller and took more work than the wing joints.
damage. It is also a long way from the manner in Curtiss and Hamilton Standard. Both are well Nothing too onerous though.
which ‘real’ kits are presented.

76 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C

HobbyBoss do not do good decals. Even in


their more conventional and larger scale kits,
decals tend to be poorly researched and quite
basic. A tendency in the Easy Kits is to include
schemes that are very difficult to paint and hard
to inish neatly with the decals provided. The P-
47D is no exception in this respect and the sheet
with the kit is best discarded or used for the
main generic markings such as the national
insignia.
Numerous aftermarket sheets for the P-47D
are available and I opted for a Skymodel set that
provided options for no fewer than thirty
aircraft. I also made use of a Techmod sheet for
some stencil detail. The latter taxed my eyesight
as most of the images were tiny and the sheet
was printed with a single carrier ilm meaning
that many of the images had to be cut out with
extreme care. As with marathon running, which
is one of my other pastimes, if it were easy
everyone would do it and good results demands
some effort.
Halfords Yellow
Plastic Filler
Primer was used
as the base coat
for the model.
The cowling was
then hand painted
in gloss yellow. The
tail bands were then
also hand painted.
A day or so
later when
the

enamel
paint had had long
enough to dry, these areas
were then masked out and the
entire model sprayed in Humbrol
Metalcote Matt Aluminium. When dry this was
polished up with a nail buffer in preparation for
the decals. The Skymodel decals are beautifully
thin and adhered to the model perfectly, but the
one downside to having thirty options is that
the images are packed together and required an
even steadier hand than needed for the stencils.
Some paint chipping was added to the
cowling with an artist’s silver gel pen and the
wheel wells and undercarriage were washed
with a dark grey to enhance the detail. A wash
was also used on the engine and in a heavily
thinned down form, to the entire aircraft to
highlight the panel lines.
Some external stores were provided with the
kit. The drop tanks rather than the bombs were
used for this project. They were hand painted in
a different shade of silver to each other and the
airframe to highlight the different materials
used in these features.
An airbrushed coat of matt varnish was
applied to create a uniform relectivity, which
gives more of a scale appearance in 1/72. The
canopy was the inal item added to the
complete the model. Unusually the item that
came with the kit was slightly scratched despite
the careful packaging. Fortunately the mark was
able to be polished out, and a inal dip in
Johnsons Klear retrieved the situation.
As often with HobbyBoss’ Easy Kits, there are
better replicas out there, but for a short project
where the focus is more on painting and
inishing a model, this type of kit is ideal.
Certainly they are the way to go if anyone wants
to use up all the options on a Skymodels decal
sheet.

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 77


WA L K A R O U N D
Portrait from
the starboard
front. Note
the green
zinc
chromate in
the wing fold,
black gun,
Glossy Sea
Blue main
landing gear
wheels and
struts and
olive drab
Port front showing a Glossy Sea Blue spinner, main landing depth bomb
gear strut, cover and wheel. Propeller blades are black with on the wing
yellow tips and a manufacturer’s logo at mid blade stub pylon

WALKAROUND Starboard wing fold interior is green Zinc


Chromate. The gun is black and there are various
AM-1 Mauler By Steve Muth red and black wires and hydraulic lines and decals

T
he Martin AM-1 Mauler was irst The NMNA AM-1 is presented here. It
designated XBTM-1 but became the was delivered to the USN in March of
AM-1 Mauler with the change in the 1949 and logged 673 hours before being
navy's designation system. First lown on retired in 1953 from the Naval Air
26th August 1944, the Mauler had the Reserve. During its active life it served at
misfortune of having a thorough and Naval Air Stations in Atlanta, Georgia,
protracted light development stage. and St. Louis, MO. Prior to being
Initially it was thought the aircraft was delivered to the NMNA in 1971 it was
going to be relatively good right out of stored at the Aberdeen Proving Ground
the box. Alas, it was not to be. As each in Maryland.
seemingly minor development problem
Following the NMNA images, selected
was solved another more serious one
images of the NEAM and CAF aircraft are
would be uncovered. Perhaps the most
presented for comparison. The author
items concerned some stability and
control issues and an engineering believes the interior these two aircraft
problem that ultimately led to the loss of are in their original colours.
the entire tail section during an arrested
landing. This last was eventually traced Camoulage and Markings
to a sympathetic vibration set up
between the airframe and the tail hook The AM-1 Maulers were delivered
when engaging the arrester cable. The inished in overall glossy sea blue,
inal solution was to put a roller on the FS15042, per SR-2 e, which speciied that
throat of the hook to allow the hook to all carrier based aircraft be painted
slide on the cable and reduce the side overall glossy sea blue with an effective
loads being experienced. date of 26th June 1944. SR-15e, with an Note the in edges are blunt and there is a device
affectivity date of 10th October 1944, on the bottom of the depth bomb and another
By the time all the development speciied interior inishes. In the cockpit
problems had been ironed out the war on the nose next to the hex nut in the center
all surfaces above the bottom of the
was over and the AD Skyraider was instrument panel were to be Instrument
already giving very satisfactory Black, FS27040, while all surfaces below
reliability, versatility and service. As the bottom of the instrument panel
inally conigured the AM-1 was a ine
were to be Interior Green. Bomb bays
aircraft, being faster and capable of
and other interior structural areas,
carrying a greater load farther than the
including the interior of the wing fold,
Skyraider. But the Skyraider was already
were to be Zinc Chromate tinted with
there and the navy did not need two
dump trucks. Only 150 AM-1s were ten ounces of black and four ounces of
produced, equipping VA-17A and other silver paste per gallon. Landing gear and
Atlantic Fleet squadrons before being landing gear wells were to be painted
turned over to the Naval Reserve. The the same color as the rest of the
last operational Mauler, an AM-1Q ECM airframe.
variant, was withdrawn from VC-4 in National markings were to be in the
October 1950. The production line had standard six positions with the blue of
been closed less than a year earlier. the insignia being deleted. Only the
This Aircraft white portions of the insignia, FS17875,
were to be applied. Amendment 2, to
Three AM-1s have been AN-1-9b, dated 14th January 1947 Port wing guns are
photographed by the author, Bu.No added a red, FS11136, bar to the white
122397 (22397?) at the National black with silver
bars of the insignia. The width of the red blast delectors
Museum of Naval Aviation (NMNA) in bar was to be a sixth of the radius of the
Florida in 2012, Bu.No 22275 at the New blue circle. Nose numbers, as found on
England Air Museum (NEAM) in the NMNA aircraft, are the aircraft
Connecticut between August 1979 and
identiication number while the tail
August 1986, and Reg.No N5586A, Bu.No
carried the unit identiication. They were
22260 at the Commemorative Air Force
generally white and also found under
Museum (CAF) at Midland, TX in
the left wing. There were no uniform
February 2001. It has since been in
storage at the Glen L. Martin Maryland sequences or criteria for the nose
Aviation Museum in Maryland. Both of numbers.
the latter are missing outer wing panels The captions in this Walk Around are
and landing gear doors. They both mainly of the AM-1 Mauler on display at
appear to be in original paint with 22275 the National Museum of Naval Aviation at
having the nose and landing gear Pensacola, Florida unless otherwise noted.
restored. Bu.No 22275 may be the same All photographs, unless otherwise noted,
aircraft as Reg.No N163M at the were taken with the permission and
Tillamook Naval Air Museum in Oregon. cooperation of the Museum staff.

78 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
WA L K A R O U N D

Starboard
main landing
gear outboard Starboard main
front. All landing gear
exposed parts rear. Forward
except the part of the main
oleo are landing gear
Glossy Sea well is Glossy Starboard main
Blue Sea Blue landing gear well aft

Nose oil cooler outlet. Interior is overall Tail wheel well roof. The green Zinc
Glossy Sea Blue but perhaps the oil coolers Chromate interior is very obvious in this view
themselves should not have been painted

Tail hook well is Glossy Dive brake


Sea Blue overall interior is red

Tail wheel and well from the front. Note the


green Zinc Chromate deep in the well

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 79


WA L K A R O U N D

Cockpit port
forward

This is the rear


wall of the
starboard
main landing
gear well

Cockpit starboard
Cockpit seat side console

AM-1 Commemorative Air Force NEAM Portrait port front. The NEAM aircraft also has its outer
port side at Midland Texas wing panels missing. It has apparently been partially restored
facility. Its wings are missing back to the windscreen and including the main landing gear

80 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H AW K E R H U R R I C A N E

Fly Models’ Hurricane IIa By Brian Derbyshire

and it can easily spot which of Bays 2 and 3 is the Bay 3 should ideally be extended by moving
longer. Between Mks I and II, they swapped. the top panel forward, illing the gap just ahead
Hasegawa's kit came out in the middle of all of the windscreen, and adding two inches ahead
this. It seems the most virulent critic not only of each side panel. Too hard, so here's the
used Somebody Else's drawings, but allowed the compromise. Add 0.020” packing to the rear of
price, nearly twice everyone else's, to affect his the engine bay. Rescribe the panel line 2 1/2”
bile levels. Hasegawa were accused of producing (0.035”) forward of this new rear face. Pack
an accurate but nonexistent Mk IB. In fact they around the location blocks so that the revised
just cut too many corners, like Airix before them nose its the upper fuselage lines exactly. Then
in 1972 by trying to make one set of mouldings cement, and lose the joint line between the
do everything. In fact it's not all bad. parts. This gives an overall nose length of 95
Kit No: 72043 7/16” (vs. 95 1/2”) and a near enough balance of
Take the wing. Mks I, IIA and IIB kits all got the panel lengths. Of course there's some illing and
Scale: 1/72 same IIB wing, and as such it's quite good. The iling to do too and Dzus fasteners to relocate,
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic surface detail is recessed and ine and quite but it took little longer to do than it did to
accurately placed. The trailing edges are measure up.
Manufacturer: Fly Models
commendably thin. There are two inches
www.ly814.webnode.cz missing off the span and a fraction too much Both ejector and lame damping exhausts are
taper, which annoy me but don't really show. supplied and are very nice, though a little thin.

F
ly have rereleased the 1990s Hasegawa Further aft, we get the interior. Well, we've all
The outboard case slots do though, and need
Hurricane mouldings, with new decals, been spoilt rotten by Eduard, haven't we? We
moving forward fourteen inches for a IIB. For the
added resin parts and a canopy mask. shouldn't expect too much from a mid 90s kit...
Mk I and advertised IIA of course, the slots and
Some may ask why this is, as the contemporary
upper surface panels have to go altogether, but we get mid 80s detail with this one. So I used
reviews were scathing... but let's try to be fair.
unless you have a proven twelve gun Mk IIA a mid 80s Modelaid printed interior to liven it up
The Great Hurricane Nose Length Controversy
Series II, distinguishable from the IIB only by although you can't see much in a Hurricane
ran, or at least pottered, from 1993 to 1999, and
ixed rather than jettisonable under wing tanks. cockpit anyway if the hood's closed.
when the dust had settled we had learned the
Tell us if you do, we'd love to know. The wheel Fly's replacement resin seat is a huge
following:
wells are incorrectly boxed in (see latest Airix or improvement on the kit part. However the
• The Hurricane II was four inches longer than AZ Models) but otherwise it's a pretty good canopy is a bit too narrow and shallow, there's
the deinitive Mk I, i.e. with the Rotol propeller Hurricane wing. no rear-view mirror, the framing is too heavy,
and long spinner
The it of the major components is near and delineated by recessed lines, and I failed to
• This extra was inserted immediately forward perfect, once the tail plane tabs have had 0.010’ remove it from its runner without leaving a
of the windscreen. Bay 3's length, originally packing added, but the fuselage and its separate mould mark. I tried to polish out most of the
41”, became forty ive inches. The Dzus engine need rather more attention. All the nose framing, especially down by the track, stuck
fasteners on the horizontal panel joint bay lengths are slightly wrong and you can't some card along the bottom edges, and spread
midway up Bay 3 changed to suit. So did the the base a bit by means of a former and
make an accurate Hurricane of any mark without
wing root illet hairdryer. More polishing, dip in Klear, frame the
some fettling. Comparison with the 1979 and
• Bay 2, containing the engine, remained at 42 2014 Airix kits is at best confusing, but after a old-fashioned way because the mask won't it
5/8” long and was not changed at all good hour of eyestrain with a scale rule and any more. It'll have to do.
• Bay 1, between the spinner and Bay 2, went magniier, I concluded that : The fuselage panel detail is like the wing's,
through a whole range of minor changes • Bay 1 (kit) is 7” (vs. 7 5/8”) recessed, delicate and accurate. The fabric on the
between early, middling and late Mk Is but rear end though has been justly compared to
• Bay 2 (kit) is 44” (vs. 42 5/8”)
had settled down by about October 1940 and the corrugations on a Ju52. Not to worry, irst ile
then remained unchanged at 7 5/8” right • Bay 3 (kit) is 43” (vs. either 41” or 45”) the top run ahead of the radio mast to remove
through to1944 In other words, overall it's about 1 1/4” short, the hump, and to emphasise the kink between
• The most reliable Hurricane scale drawings and the Bay 2/3 panel joint is on average about 2 plywood doghouse and stringer/fabric area.
were, and remain, A.L.Bentley's, with the 1/2” too far aft. So it's more like a Mk I than a II, Degrease it all and paint with matt enamel, then
Clarke spine correction, and even they are the but only just. If you can live with this, ine. Fellow ill the grooves with water based iller such as
odd inch or so short in the nose as printed in pedants, read on... DeLuxe's. Once dry, rub it down with a slightly
Scale Models in 1980 First, I thought, Bay 1 can stay as it is, but Bays damp rag wrapped round a bit of lat wood (not
Too much fuss over four inches you may say... 1 and 2 (kit is 51” vs. 50 1/4”) need a bit off the dowel). The result is much improved, with little
but it shows. The eye is much better at rear end, which extends the same bit aft of the effort.
comparison than it is at absolute measurements, correct exhaust slots. Don't cut it, though. The propeller and spinner were not much

82 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H AW K E R H U R R I C A N E

liked in 1994. We get a nice Mk I early Rotol best you can. my choice, and here I must differ from both the
spinner, and a horribly bulbous oversize late The undercarriage legs and doors are nice, but instruction lealet and the photo caption.
Rotol spinner, plus De Havilland blades. Fly's the retraction/yaw struts are oversimpliied. References conirm that the high contrast B
resin set provides a replacement, half starved Copy Airix's latest. scheme has been rather simpliied from the
near conical spinner, and rather good Rotol factory standard, and a replacement A scheme
The original wheels are rather small and thin,
blades, which in my example were severely rudder itted. This aircraft was almost certainly
with oversize hubs. The replacement resin
warped and unwilling to be bent straight. I detained in Malta, in spring 1941, en route to
wheels are equally small, with rather undersize
found accurate Heller and Keil Kraft spinners in Alexandria. She wore the appropriate Tropical
and fuzzy hubs. You get a choice of tyre treads
my stash, and with a bit of bushing and iling the Land scheme, which ought to have been Dark
too, which will only be useful if you're modelling
Heller part took the new blades well. Green, Middle Stone and Azure but the two
a modern survivor. I have yet to see a wartime
The temperate carburettor intake looks a bit Hurricane with anything but smooth tyres. I tropical colours were not available until June
lat, but will do. The tropical equivalent, like picked the best pair of hubs from the resin 1941, so I went for the likely substitutes Light
Airix's 2010 effort, has too lat an intake oriice wheels and illed the treads. The replacement Earth and Sky Blue. The decals were spot-on for
so glue some card under the mouth so it can be resin tail wheel is a baffler. How could anyone register and opacity, and went on with little
deepened into a D shape. I inserted some ine extract the kit's wheel without destroying its trouble. They're rather too bright in colour too,
mesh too. I don't know what Vokes Ltd. put in forked leg? And why, when the replacement's no ine for Gloster built Hurricanes, but all these
there but it wasn't just a gaping hole. better? were from Hawker.
The radiator is mostly very nice and of correct We're on safer ground with the decal sheet. Overall? Easier to ix than expected, although
depth, correct shape, correct front face of water There's On Target Proile 12 which conirms all harder if you can't replace the spinner. Resin
and oil elements, though a blank rear face, four subjects, with photos of three of them in my parts about ifty ifty, decal sheet excellent.
clearly visible from astern. Copy the front face as collection. This includes Z2402 GL-P, which was Maybe 8/10, and worth having.

Fly Models’ Hurricane IIa


By Bruce Leyland-Jones

modelling heart. More recently Revell produced resin supplied, containing wheels, a seat with
a basic, though adequate update and Hasegawa harness, spinner and a set of three separate prop
made a fair decent showing in 1995. Airix blades. The wheels are an improvement on
produced a superb new tool featuring the those supplied on the plastic sprues and the
Hurricane with fabric wings in 2013. AZ Models seat, with its harness, was most welcome, given
have produced a series of the Hurricane, the complete lack of internal detail provided
although these have the typical issues of with the kit. The spinner and prop blades were
traditional limited run kits whilst the latest superluous, although it is possible that my
offering, from ARMA Hobby, is a truly beautiful jaundiced eye was unable to appreciate the
example of modern kittery. subtle differences between the resin and the
So what do we have in the box from Fly? plastic parts. The little tail wheel might’ve been
useful, if I decided that removing the plastic one
Kit No: 72044 It seems that Fly have got together with from its leg was a worthwhile exercise…I didn’t.
Scale: 1/72 Quickboost, Artillery Models and Techmod to
The transparency is nicely moulded and
resurrect the old Hasegawa kit. To be fair,
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic suitably clear, with very lat framing detail. This
although now dated, I believe this is reasonably
meant that the supplied masking set from
Manufacturer: Fly Models accurate in shape and the much criticised
Artillery Models was most welcome. The decals
www.ly814.webnode.cz corrugations can easily be lessened by a quick
from Techmod are superb in registration, colour
sanding. When released this kit was considered
and opacity, with very little excess decal ilm to

B
earing in mind that I am in no way an to be state of the art and was a product of
worry about. Four options are supplied,
expert on the Hurricane, I’m comfortable Hasegawa on a roll. The kit was designed with
including an all aluminium option for a
enough to offer my own perspective on multiple versions in mind and came with
Rhodesian aircraft, which needs a maroon
the kits that have gone before. The Hurricane different sprues and clever engineering to
fuselage band painting. The decal sheet provides
has been reasonably well kitted in 1/72 over the accommodate this.
the ine black bordering for this and
years, with the old classics showing varying Looking at the sprues, there are two sets of measurements are given for the width of the
degrees of inaccuracies, from the truly awful to exhausts, spinners and even a choice of tail band. Decal options are:
the more than adequate. I’d always liked the old wheel and separate prop blades, so the
• 11 OTU SAAF, Port Elizabeth Airield, 1945
Airix 1972 offering of the Mk IV, with its myriad Hurricane Bits Box will get a feed. The plastic
of weapons options, including those big itself has crisply engraved, ine panel lines and • 317 (Polish) Squadron, RAF, 1941
antitank guns and the Matchbox kit of the same only the suggestion of a seam line around the • Central Flying School, Royal Rhodesian AF,
year will always have a special place in my edges of detail parts. There’s a set of Quickboost based at Norton Air Base, Rhodesia, 1945

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 83


H AW K E R H U R R I C A N E

• Free French Air Force, in non standard tracer rounds, to assist with aiming the larger me that Humbrol H24 Trainer Yellow was a good
camoulage and markings, North Africa, 1942 weapons. All that said, I had a Plan B… using choice. No measurements were provided for the
masking tape to represent the red doped tape sizes of the patches, so I used my dividers to
applied to the real aircraft, to indicate that they’d determine the correct sizes needed to
Let’s Build…
been serviced, were ready for action and to keep accommodate the relevant decals and then
It’s a traditional kit, so I began in the cockpit the muck out. masked these off accordingly, before applying
and discarded the sink marked and rather small the greens and blue. The colours certainly make
With the wings suitably assembled and the
kit seat and replaced it with the rather nice resin for a different Hurricane and I decided to apply
guns drilled out, I united these with the fuselage
item. This is a nice addition to an my gun tape anyway, just to add a further splash
and was well impressed by the standard of join,
underwhelming kit cockpit, with only the most of colour.
with only a few swipes of the sandpaper
basic of solid loors, with pedals crudely
necessary to smarten everything up. The inal bits and touch-ups were applied and
moulded onto it and a reasonable control
column. The gun sight was moulded onto one Unfortunately, the same could not be said for then it was decalling time and I was not
half of the fuselage and was good enough for the Vokes ilter needed for my model. Fit in this disappointed. The decals behaved superbly well
my needs. There’s no sidewall detail whatsoever. area was rather poor, and for those of you and suitably thin they conformed to the surface
That said, there is only the option for a closed choosing to build the Polish option, the it of the detail and all was well in my modelling man
canopy and so very little of the interior would be part without the ilter was also poor. cave. All I then had to add was an aerial wire,
seen anyway. I worked on the undercarriage next and whilst using the marvellous Uschi Superine elastic
With the fuselage closed up, with an excellent the undercarriage bay is not as detailed as that thread and some black painted strips of masking
it by the way, I turned my attention to the presented by the new Airix or ARMA Hobby kits, tape, to represent the walk-on panels for the
wings. Now as many of you will know, the it was more than adequate for my needs and I wings.
Hurricane came with different arrangements of appreciated the extra detail provided to the legs The job was done and I have a smart and
guns in the wings and Hasegawa have catered themselves, which included an extra actuating different looking Hurricane to add to my
for this by engineering the wing so that the piston. growing leet of trainers.
modeller can drill out the appropriate number of With the airframe now built, it was time for
gun ports. However with the upper and lower me to decide upon my choice of painting
wing halves combined, I would not have been scheme. As I’m enjoying a trainers theme at the
Summary
able to work out exactly where to drill, so I used moment and basic metal inishes are not my This isn’t a bad kit, although it has now been
my knife to mark where I would need to apply preferred option of choice, I went for the South superseded. It’s a nice enough kit and I may be
my bit. African Air Force machine. This, according to the just a dreamer, but I’d happily recommend it to
Whilst drilling, I was well aware of the instructions, had a very different non standard any modeller with money to burn and a need for
opportunity to make a complete pig’s ear of the camoulage of dark green (Humbrol H116) and a the particular options available on the decal
exercise and was extremely careful to ensure light green (Humbrol H120), over azure blue sheet. What lets the kit down are the poor
that my ports were all of the same size and, (Humbrol H157) undersides. This was then instructions relating to the tail wheel, the colour
perhaps more importantly, in a straight line. Plus, adorned with large trainer yellow patches, of the patches and the printed instrument panel,
given that the box art illustration differed from although the written instructions gave H34 for which the modeller is obliged to cut from the
the instruction sheet, I did a little research on the yellow, which is actually matt white. Happily instructions sheet. That latter detail would’ve
Hurricane gun arrangements and discovered there are quite a few colour references online been frowned upon back in 1995, so what it’s
that the outer guns were usually rigged for matching the box art illustration and reassuring doing in a 2019 kit is anyone’s guess.

Silk Purse from Sow's Ear? Again?


By Brian Derbyshire

Kit No: 03985


Scale: 1/72
Type: Injection Moulded Plastic
Manufacturer: Revell
www.revell.de Comparing the kit with A.L. Bentley's and replacement, or (easier) a cold wrapped acetate
James Goulding's drawings, the fuselage errors sliding section just like the kit part but longer.
are: The rest is just old-fashioned hack work.

T
he mid 1990s brought us three new 1/72
• Fuselage four inches too short, between The wing errors are:
scale kits of Mk II Hurricanes. All had nice
canopy and radio mast, like Academy/1979
recessed detail and excellent it, but • Excess root chord of three inches at outboard
Airix/AZ/Legato
unacceptable inaccuracies. Hasegawa tried to trailing edge corner of centre section (the tip
cover both Mk I and II by being halfway • Cockpit hood also four inches too short is ine)
between, and had a rear fuselage apparently • Fuselage structure fails to underlap the hood, • Radiator is three inches too far aft and a touch
taken from a Ju52. Academy's was so thin in the and the interior is all four inches too far aft shallow (ill the inset area)
fuselage that only a terminal anorexic could It is impossible to correct the fuselage with
have lown it. Revell's was stubby and stocky and • Undercarriage track is nine inches too narrow
absolute accuracy without ruining the rather
just looked wrong. good fabric detail. My compromise, of putting • Wingspan is short. The leading edge line is
Having had for review the Fly reissue of the addition ahead of existing panel lines, leaves ine, and the landing lamp/gun panels are
Hasegawa's mouldings, and inding they could the aft ends of the panel details and the spine correct as a group. Conserving these, each
be saved, I decided to see what could be done ‘kink’ intact, but four inches aft. Razor saw the outer wing panel is two inches short at the
with Revell's offering. After all, the Mk II area, the vertical and near vertical lines, but scribe and root, and ive inches short at the tip
nose, engine, and leading edge wing root crack the shallow root illet top line. Don't forget Radiator and root chord issues are both ixed
fairing, is actually very good. I actually used their to allow for the saw thickness when calculating by a saw cut just behind the wheel wells. While I
Sea Hurricane IIC rather than the B, because the the addition. was at it I cut away the curved rear faces of the
gun panels suit the IID I wanted. The canopy needs either a vacform wheel well and replaced them with a lat wall.

84 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
H AW K E R H U R R I C A N E

Better, but too hard to do again. useful to keep the wing proile matched to the spares in Eduard kits, or just before you run out
The undercarriage needs additions of block root and centre-section outer edge. The forward of the Airix four spoke variety, take a silicone
plastic, some carving, and redrilling. Extensions root packing is parallel, but the aft section needs rubber mould of the outer face and use it to
and additions to the oversimpliied fettling to suit, and the rear end of the wing root clone decent wheels from putty and drilled out
undercarriage retraction struts are also required. fairing needs carving to match the shortened kit items ...
centre section. I saved the passable radiator, and used the
The wingspan shortcomings are more
Otherwise, the kit's not bad at all. The tyres poor item from Airix's 1972 job as a basis for
involved. The stepped tip removal helps to
are the right size, but the wheels are too big, a plastic card to produce the armoured radiator of
conserve the aileron. The trailing edges, aft of
common complaint. Those from the Airix rag a IID. The Airix S guns are rather good ... and the
the rear spar where the span wise cut is best
IIC gun panels just need the blisters removing.
made, are okay, so the excess chord has to come wing Mk I are excellent, so use these, and
off the rear of the leading edge section. This is convert the Revell parts to suit the L series Hard work! But what else is the purist to do?
worth taking great care over as it's all too easy to Hurricanes by carving/illing the tyre and Splice together Revell and Academy kits,
overdo a inely tapered sliver like this. Ribs are inserting a Spitire ive spoke wheel. There are that's what - but that's another story!

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 85


A M E R I C A N PAT R O L

GROWING UP WITH GALAXIES By Steve Palmer

A
lmost 51 years ago, it was another hot Lockheed-Georgia Chief Test Pilot Leo Sullivan The one I heard was about the time when Leo
summer in Georgia, but dinnertime was Pilot in Command that Saturday. And the tested a C-130 equipped with a new anti-skid
conversation that Saturday night was a bit aircraft that the ambulance chased down the brake system that engineers were convinced
would allow the Hercules aircraft to stop on a
unusual. Mom was a nurse at Lockheed and was runway was the C-5A Galaxy prototype. When
dime. They were right. After repeated hard
telling us about her day. ‘All we did today was Sullivan got the job of lying the C-5 for the irst
applications of the brakes, there was little or no
chase Leo Sullivan down the runway in an time, he had already racked up an impressive brake fade. The brakes worked so well that the
ambulance. Did you see on the news that he blew light record in the C-130. There were numerous heat from making repeated short landings had
some tires? That was scary.’ stories about him. caused them to vaporize all of the hydraulic luid

President John F. Kennedy shakes


hands with Pennsylvania
Congressman Daniel, ‘Dapper Dan,’
Flood at the White House in 1961.
Both of these men played seminal
roles developing concepts that led to
the C-5. Flood advocated a strong
military airlift capability for the Air
Force and one part of JFK’s platform
was that he would advocate what is
This is what must be a rare Boeing model of their proposed C-5 that was
known as a ‘lexible response’ to a hot
made sometime prior to 1966, judging from the Military Air Transport
spot anywhere in the world
Service tail stripe. MATS was replaced by Military Airlift Command (MAC)
(Wikipedia)
on 1 January 1966. This model appears to be ‘kneeling’ based on the lack
of clearance between the ventral fuselage and the display table (Rick
Lippincott)

Here is a three-view
plan of Boeing’s
proposed C-5. It looks
rather pot-bellied
doesn’t it? (Boeing)

These are display models of the Boeing and Lockheed versions of the C-
5. It is interesting that the Lockheed model already has ‘Military Airlift
Command’ and the MAC tail band. Did Lockheed know something that
the Boeing folks did not, or is this a subtle form of psychological
warfare? These are big models, too, judging from the relative size of the
brick landscaping pieces in the background (Rick Lippincott)

This is the venerable Douglas C-133 Cargomaster. USAF crews called it


the ‘Weenie Wagon,’ with just a hint of derision. It was the only aircraft in
USAF inventory that even came close to the C-5 in terms of cargo
compartment volume. In order to carry just 5000 tons of cargo for an
infantry division would have required 272 of these aircraft, versus only USAF Systems Command Boeing JB-52E (AF57-0119) lands at Edwards
30 to 35 C-5As. I remember this aircraft because it had a distinctive Air Force Base, California. This aircraft was a lying test bed for the then-
sound lying over the house at 20,000 feet. A retired USAF light new General Electric TF-39 turbofan engine that was to power the new
engineer that I knew remembered the C-133 for several mysterious CX-HLS transport. The TF-39 provided as much thrust as four of the
inlight explosions when the pilot keyed his microphone! (USAF) engines that powered the B-52 (USAF)

86 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
A M E R I C A N PAT R O L

in the brake system—resulting in a hellacious Pennsylvania congressman Daniel J. Flood. Flood the Department of Defense started throwing
ire that burned a hole big enough to see was a lamboyant individual who sported a around a concept known as ‘lexible response.’ In
daylight through in the wing of the C-130 in waxed moustache for decades after it went out a nutshell, lexible response was simply the idea
question! of style. He was nicknamed ‘Dapper Dan’ that the Army could ‘project’ a force of
But enough about the C-130. What of the C-5? because he wore lashy suits and ties. He was in approximately 40,000 soldiers, with another
Why did the US Air Force end up lying the charge of congressional hearings in 1956 that 15,000 in reserve, to any combat theatre in the
discussed the performance of the Military Air world. Each division would require 5,000 tons of
biggest and heaviest aircraft (for many years) in
Transport Service (MATS). cargo to be hauled to an established facility or
the world? And why was it designed the way it
11,000 tons to a remote location. At the time
was? The origins of the C-5 date back to the mid- Flood was critical of the service’s reliance on
that Congressional hearings formally discussed
1950s. While the airlines were hungry for new slow and outmoded propeller-driven aircraft,
lexible response requirements, the largest
business and wanted contracts hauling military and especially critical of what he saw as the
aircraft in the MATS leet was the Douglas C-133
cargo, Americans wanted to cut back on military Army’s inability to deploy overseas quickly.
Cargomaster. Planners estimated that it would
budgets after spending so much money in Flood advocated jet propelled transports for
require 272 C-133s (assuming that 54 of them
Korea. MATS. Flood was a visionary, because he latly
did not crash) just to haul 5,000 tons (there were
However, inluential members of Congress stated that future airlift (a term not yet coined) only 50 C-133s produced). Even members of
saw things differently. They remembered the should be accomplished with aircraft designed Congress were smart enough to conclude that
Berlin Airlift and did not want the United States for the task, and with aircraft that were capable the Air Force and the Joint Chiefs of Staff had
airlift assets to be stretched thin ever again. One of lying troops and their equipment quickly and given little or no consideration to what it would
powerful politician that expressed concern efficiently to any place in the world. take to move a single division in two weeks,
about the military’s future airlift capability was About that time Army planners and others in much less close to four divisions!

The irst C-5A Galaxy rolls out the main


assembly building on a cold, sunny 28
February 1968. President Johnson attended
the event and stated with typical eloquence:
‘We’re very, very proud in this nation of
Lockheed and the men who built this job on
time.’ Note the TF-39 on a stand and the C-140 As my friend Rick Lippincott astutely points
Jetstar parked in the foreground (Lockheed- out, this is not an actual C-5 fuselage. This is
Martin) one of three pre-production ‘test articles,’ as
evidenced by the non-standard landing gear.
Rick also says that this structure was used for
stress rather than pressure tests because the
front visor and aft ramp and doors are missing
(Lockheed-Martin via Rick Lippincott)

This is the cover of the Lockheed Southern


Star, which was an employee newspaper that
was published every 2 weeks at Lockheed. The
author’s copy of the ‘C-5 Rollout Special’ is
I like this photo that appeared in the company somewhat tattered after 51 years and 3,000
newspaper of the Lockheed manager in miles of travel during numerous moves. The
charge of C-5 Final Assembly giving hand date of publication is 7 March 1968 (Lockheed-
signals to the tug driver pulling the C-5 Martin, via author)
prototype out of the B-1 building. Having
worked at Lockheed, I suspect this gentleman
was kidded mercilessly about this photo
(Lockheed-Martin via author)

This is a fanciful postcard depicting two This rather clever composite photo depicts the
Atlanta landmarks—the Georgia Institute of fuselage of the 1000th C-130 Hercules sticking
Technology and the C-5 Galaxy. A clever artist out of the front fuselage of a C-5 on the
Here is a photo of the C-5 production line. decided to superimpose the C-5 in the middle production line in Marietta. I am a little
Keep in mind that 35 C-130s were still being of Grant Field, complete with the mascot surprised that this photo escaped the eyes of
produced in this same plant every year— Model ‘A’ Ford, cheerleaders, band and football Safety Engineering because the ubiquitous
where I do not know! Note how little clearance team. It does give a good idea of the size of the ‘butt can’ for cigarettes is actually stuffed up
there is for the fuselage in this WWII-era aircraft. Note that an American football ield is under the workbench! (Lockheed-Martin via
factory (Lockheed-Martin via Rick Lippincott) roughly the same size as a soccer pitch Rick Lippincott)

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A M E R I C A N PAT R O L

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy called for manner of equipment out of its tail with no drag ‘gee-whiz’ aircraft like B-70s and F-110s (F-4s).
the United States Air Force to develop ‘additional penalty whatsoever. This was a radical change As early as 1961, the Air Force, prompted by
air transport mobility’ immediately. Without from the past. Aerospace author Roger Launius Congress and other civilians, issued a
sufficient airlift capability, his policy of calls the C-141, with its swept wing, fanjet requirement for an aircraft to replace the C-133
deterrence based on rapid force mobility was engines, T-tail, gracefully curved aft fuselage and Cargomaster, an aircraft that Air & Space
folly. The Air Force was still reluctant to discuss a huge, unencumbered cargo compartment, magazine characterizes as an airplane that had a
the issue, but Secretary of Defense Robert nothing short of an art form in the skies. peculiar habit of routinely crashing. It turns out
McNamara was just the man to light a ire under As capable as the C-141 was, the Air Force, that the aircraft was rather easy to stall - and
USAF’s butt. He was a former President of the with the exception of a few senior officers with when it did stall, there was little or no warning,
Ford Motor Company and was an expert at MATS experience, regarded cargo hauling as which makes me glad that they were always at
systems analysis. unglamorous work—‘trash hauling.’ Airlift was about 20,000 feet when I saw them ly over my
The result his of work with the Air Force to the (illegitimate) stepchild that was not house in Atlanta as a kid.
promote airlift and build a fast, capable, and considered to be on the same level as strategic This 1961 requirement received serious input
specialized airlifter was the C-141 Starlifter. The missions (bombers) or tactical missions from the Army, who wanted an aircraft that
C-141 was designed to carry 70 percent of an (ighters). Hauling the Army’s stuff around was could carry all of its equipment regardless of
airborne division’s equipment 5,500 miles at a the job of ships. But JFK’s DoD and that of his weight or size, and wanted an aircraft that could
speed of 500 miles per hour - nothing short of successor Lyndon B. Johnson continued to press land on ‘austere’ (dirt) airields. The Air Force
revolutionary for 1964 - and unlike its propeller- for an even bigger transport despite the real envisioned an aircraft that could haul 200,000
driven predecessors the Starlifter could drop all wishes of senior Air Force brass who wanted pounds, which was twice the maximum payload

This is a photo of the C-5A wing mate dock in the main assembly
building at Lockheed. Note the enormous tracks on the trailing edge of
the centre wing, on which the laps will be installed (Lockheed-Martin via
This is a centre fuselage section. It is for the last C-5A built, which had a Rick Lippincott)
Ship Serial of 081. If you look closely, you can see that there was very
little height clearance for the fuselage in this building, which is known as
B-1. Considering that it was built in 1942 to assemble B-29s, it is no
wonder (Lockheed-Martin via Rick Lippincott)

This photo of the C-5 lifting off the runway is iconic to anyone who was
in Atlanta when the C-5A made its maiden light. Framed versions were
hung in stores and offices all over Georgia. I have never igured out why
the grass was so brown in the foreground (Lockheed-Martin)

This is a rather silly picture that was printed in the Marietta Daily Journal in
1966 when the Lockheed TF-39 engine test stand was in operation. It
certainly would have been nearly deafening from the purported distance
at which this bouffant-coiffed lady is standing from it. I clearly remember
that the engine had a distinctive sound and we could hear it running day
and night at my house, which was almost 10 miles away, as the crow lies C-5A Ship 1 wings its way over the Georgia countryside at 10,000 feet,
(Marietta Daily Journal) north of Atlanta on its irst light (Lockheed-Martin)

88 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
A M E R I C A N PAT R O L

of a C-133. Aerial refueling capability was also a These speciications were given to Lockheed, us a hint at how important this radically new
requirement. All of the speciications in the 1961 Douglas, and Boeing. Douglas was eliminated aircraft - the biggest and most complex in the
requirement gradually evolved into the CX-HLS from the competition, so the choice was world at the time - was to the Air Force and to
Experimental Cargo Aircraft proposal drafted in narrowed down to Boeing and Lockheed. American foreign policy. After over two years of
1964. Lockheed had a demonstrated track record for coping with incessant Air Force tinkering with
building cargo aircraft. Both the C-130 and the speciications, Lockheed was ready to ly the
Speciically, the Air Force envisioned an
C-141 were Air Force workhorses with excellent Galaxy. The C-5 took to the air for the irst time
aircraft with four pylon-mounted turbofan
performance and reliability. When all was said on 30 June 1968, at 7:47am, issuing in a new era
engines mounted on swept wings that would ly in military airlift and aircraft complexity. Mom,
at high subsonic speeds. This aircraft could be and done, the Air Force awarded the contract for
the new C-5 to Lockheed on the basis of its price Dad, and I were in a parking lot a quarter mile
loaded from the front or the rear, and vehicles from the end of the runway to see the airplane
could be driven into the cargo compartment. and because Lockheed was a valuable national
land at the conclusion of its irst light, one day
The aircraft would be between 210 and 240 feet asset and needed the business - and, of course,
after the previous night’s suppertime
long with a wing span ranging from 215 to 233 because the company knew how to build
conversation. I distinctly remember that the hair
feet. Maximum weight would be around 750,000 airlifters.
on my arms and neck stood on end when I heard
pounds, and the aircraft had to be able to land When Lockheed’s irst C-5 rolled out of the B-1 the howl of the C-5’s engines for the irst time as
on dirt runways, which necessitated multiple- building in Marietta, Georgia on 28 February the ship lew directly over us and literally blotted
wheel landing gear. 1966, President Johnson was there, which gives out the sun.

This is poor-quality still from a home movie


taken of the C-5A landing after its irst light.
You can see that there was a crowd in the
Here is the Lockheed Southern Star for 3 July parking lot of the Little Oak Tavern. The
1968. The headline is not entirely accurate: the restaurant name is on a sign that features a A perspiring Leo Sullivan grins after
light crew reported that several Coca-Cola logo. This establishment was what completing the irst light of the C-5 Galaxy.
microswitches were inoperative, which made my dad called a ‘beer joint.’ It was located on a Leo was a good Irish Catholic and says he was
it impossible to retract the landing gear. No four-lane highway that ran a few hundred feet saying Hail Mary’s all the way through the
matter. The light was a complete success in east of the main runway at Dobbins Air Force takeoff roll and after rotation. I knew him and
all other respects. (We all know that the most Base. This same runway saw numerous B-29 he always acted like he could have held his
dangerous parts of any light are the takeoff takeoffs and landings when Bell Aircraft built own in a good ight. He worked his way
and the landing, which went without a hitch the Superfortresses in the same building through engineering school by doing
that day) (Lockheed-Martin via author) where the C-5 was assembled (YouTube) carpentry (Lockheed-Martin via author))

Pictured is an early version of the C-5A cockpit. What I remember about


the original design is the use of ‘tapes’ rather than circular gauges with
dials and pointers wherever practical. On the pilot’s and copilot’s
instrument panel, the airspeed indicators and angle-of-attack indicators
were tapes, and the altimeter was replaced with an altitude indicator One of the irst C-5A models is given a inal inspection before testing in
tape, while the rate-of-climb indicator was replaced with a vertical the transonic circuit of Propulsion Wind Tunnel at the Air Force’s Arnold
velocity indicator tape. On the centre panel, tapes replaced fuel low Engineering Development Center in Tullahoma, Tennessee. A model
indicators, turbine inlet temperature indicators, and tachometers (which similar to this one had over 2,100 points at which pressure was
became RPM indicators) (USAF) measured (USAF via Rick Lippincott)

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 40 • ISSUE 04 89


IPMS UK

IPMS (UK) Column


Presented by Chris Ayre

Rolled out for the RAF Cosford Air Show media


launch in early April was Tornado GR.4 ZD715,
wearing 617 Squadron markings on the nose,
along with mission markings, and a 12
Squadron badge on the tail (Chris Ayre)
All Things To All (Aviation) were in attendance, they just didn’t bring any
aeroplanes with them. Still it was good to be
Modellers? able to chat with them all and you can look
forward to seeing the Chinook. Typhoon and

T
here is a medium sized airield, situated just
ten miles north east of Wolverhampton in Tutor displays this summer. For the irst time
the West Midlands, which seems to be since 2014 there will also be a Tucano display
playing an increasingly signiicant part in my life. this year, a somewhat bittersweet circumstance
In fact, I’ve visited twice in the last week… Royal given that the type is due to be withdrawn from
Air Force Cosford has only a single 3,700 foot service by the end of 2019. I look forward to
runway and yet now plays host to the only display pilot Flt. Lt. Liam Matthews giving the
remaining official annual RAF air show. At irst old Tuc an appropriately thrilling send off before
glance it doesn’t seem the obvious choice, but the Basic Fast Jet Training role is handed to the
circumstances have dictated that this be the new Texan T1 at RAF Valley.
case. The fact that the station is the home of the Any disappointment with the lack of a lying
Defence College of Technical Training (DCTT) demonstration at the Cosford Air Show media
and that it also just happens to have a very launch was partially relieved by the appearance
impressive, world renowned aviation museum of a small selection of airframes from the
on site is, of course, particularly fortuitous. technical training hangars. For fans of the
Personnel and airframes are already in place, recently retired Tornado, perhaps the unusually
giving the organising team a bit of a head start marked GR.4 ZD715/083 would be the most
when it comes to marshalling resources. I’ll interesting of these. Keep an eye on the show
come back to the show shortly. website at www.cosfordairshow.co.uk for updates
It just so happens that I live reasonably close to the aircraft participation list. So far there are
to RAF Cosford, which might help explain why already a number of commitments from
for many years I rarely visited… familiarity and overseas contributors and more are expected. As
all that! In recent years this has all changed and I you would expect the extremely popular Battle
now seem to ind myself there quite often. One of Britain Memorial Flight and the Royal Air
of the reasons for this is fairly obvious being the Force Aerobatic Team, the Red Arrows, will also
annual RAF Cosford Air Show has grown in be taking part. Please bear in mind that Air Show
stature and status since becoming the lag tickets must be purchased in advance of the day
bearer of Royal Air Force public engagement. It and you will not be able to pay on the gate. The cover of the latest issue of IPMS Magazine,
is a major event on the aviation calendar Five days after the media launch I was back at free to all IPMS (UK) members
(Sunday 9th June, since you ask) and I was there Cosford, this time within the conines of the
recently for the official media launch. I have to Royal Air Force Museum for one of the best IPMS
say that I have attended a number of these events of the year, the Shropshire Model Show,
occasions and, perhaps due to it happening in held on Sunday 7th April. The many displays and
early April, have had mixed fortunes in terms of traders spread across the museum site, in and
the weather. The thick fog in 2017 is particularly around the full size exhibits, make for a unique
memorable and this time around it came down event, and one of my favourites. I was there with
to some heavy rain in various parts of the my local IPMS Branch and I even spent some
country. In fact all of the RAF light demo teams money, yes… on plastic. As ever I thoroughly

Some of the RAF Cosford Air Show organising


team, including Operations Manager Peter
Reoch (far left) and Air Show Director Clive
Elliott (far right) (Chris Ayre)

Another aircraft brought out of the training hangars


was this Hawk T.1, still in 208 Squadron markings and
tooled up with a pair of Sidewinder missiles (Chris Ayre)

90 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K
IPMS UK

Seen on the South A novel method of


Cheshire Model Club stand displaying aircraft,
at Cosford was this 1/32 air show static, seen
scale Vought Kingisher on on the Derby Model
a catapult (Dave Berryman) Club display (Dave
Berryman)

enjoyed the day even if I seemed to be almost constantly chatting to jamboree takes place at the Burgess Hall, St. Ives, Cambridgeshire, PE27
friends I bumped into… all part of society networking, I guess. The show 6WU, and as you might imagine is mainly military although not exclusively
should be back next year but there is a bit of a question mark hanging over so. Paul Middleton is the MAFVA Liaison Officer and you can make contact
it due to the imminent departure of Gary Stevens, Secretary of IPMS via liaison@mafva.org. Alternatively take a look at the website at
Telford, who has organised the event over the last twenty years or so. Gary www.mafva.org. Meanwhile, a little further east but on the same day, IPMS
is relocating due to his job and therefore needs to pass on the reins. I know West Norfolk is holding its annual show at Downham Market Town Hall,
that he will ind that quite difficult so here’s hoping that someone from the PE38 9HS. Doors open at 10.00am and Steve Gregory can answer any
local branch will have the enthusiasm to take it on. Obviously, the running questions you may have on 01760 755596 or email sinmon@tiscali.co.uk.
of the show is a team effort, but it has to be said, Gary will be missed. Staying in the East of England, we have another show on Saturday 22nd
A further reason that I’ve become more familiar with Cosford is that in June. Ipswich IPMS Model Day is a part of Ipswich Transport Museum’s
July 2018 I was invited to be one of the judges of the RAF Air Cadets West Model Day event. This is a bit different to the usual model shows listed here
Mercia Wing Modelling Competition. This is part of the annual Wing in that there will be vintage buses running around various sites in the city,
training day held on the station and I thoroughly enjoyed the experience. taking in model engineering and model railways in addition to the IPMS
It was immensely satisfying to get IPMS (UK) involved with the cadets and a Ipswich show, the venue for which is Ipswich and District Indoor Bowling
fabulous way to enthuse and encourage youngsters into the hobby. I was Club, IP4 4JU. Want to know more? Graham Lovell is your man on
hoping to repeat the experience this year but I’ve recently found out the g43lovell@hotmail.co.uk.
date and it looks as though I will be elsewhere. Whilst this is frustrating for Let’s now step away from the UK for a moment… the Guayaquil
me, I’m hopeful that some of my fellow society members will step up and Modellfest is taking place at the Centro de Emprendimiento e Innovacion in
volunteer to get involved. Trust me guys, do put your hands up as you Ecuador, over the weekend of 22-23rd June. This is a varied show with
won’t regret it! trade stands, club displays, sculptors, drone displays, aircraft displays,
Finally, I just want to mention another excuse for a visit to Cossie, as I militaria, Star Wars, demonstrations, etc. and admission is free. If you would
now feel I can familiarly refer to it. The Michael Beetham Conservation like to know more, contact IPMS Ecuador GMEC via
Centre (MBCC), a World Centre of Excellence for the care, conservation and gmecuatorianos@gmail.com or take a look at the website at
restoration of RAF Museum aircraft and artefacts, opens its doors to the www.ipmsecuadorgmec.com/
public each year during the week immediately following Scale There is just one show on the following weekend but it’s a goodie! IPMS
ModelWorld. SMW takes place each November in Telford just a ifteen Coventry and Warwickshire’s 2019 Model Show is held within the Midland
minute drive away, and many modellers pay a visit to MBCC before Air Museum, adjacent to Coventry Airport, CV3 4FR. The date is Sunday
heading home after The World’s Greatest Model Show. This is a unique 23rd June and in addition to all the usual attractions, the museum will also
opportunity to take a look at some of the amazing restoration work that be holding an Open Cockpit Day, a fabulous opportunity to explore some
takes place behind (normally) closed doors and also a chance to get those of the very interesting exhibits. Museum admission prices apply but there
all important reference photographs. is a lot to see and a great model show to boot! Contact Paul Redfern on
02472 301033 or cwipms2019@gmail.com if you’d like to know more. The
Showtime inal show of June is on the inal weekend of the month. The IPMS
Plymouth Model Show takes place on Saturday 29th at Plymouth Guildhall,
June is bursting out all over… but never mind about her problems! We PL1 2BJ, where the doors open to the public at 10.00am. You’ll need to ask
have more to concern us as this is a very busy month. I’ve counted at least Roger Haskell if you want to know more. I’ve heard good things about the
ten model shows in this thirty day month so I’ll give you a brief rundown event but what do I know? Roger is on 01752 267527 or you can email him
and you can decide which ones you fancy. To be honest, I don’t envy you. at roger_eileen.haskell@live.co.uk
These are mostly well established events, each with a great reputation.
Let’s get started. Salisbury Scale Model Show is irst up, on Saturday the 1st
June at Wyvern College Sports Hall, Laverstock, SP1 1RE. Organised by Until next time, enjoy your modelling.
IPMS Salisbury, with IPMS (UK) Competition Secretary Tony Horton at the Chris
helm, the show opens to the public at 9.30am and promises all the usual
goodies, including free parking. The event website is at ipmsuk.org
www.salisburymodelshow.co.uk and you can email Membership enquiries: Cliff Bassett, West Barn, Duken Lane, Wootton,
modelshow@salisburymodelshow.co.uk to ind out more. If you fancy a bit Bridgnorth, Shropshire, WV15 6EA
of a drive afterwards you might consider heading for The Northern Model Email: memberAdmin@ipmsuk.co.uk or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join
Show, which is being held on the following day on Sunday 2nd June at the online.
Parks Sport Centre in North Shields, NE29 6TL, and according to Google
Maps it’s 328 miles due north from Salisbury, although I bet one or two
traders do it. This one is organised by IPMS Tyneside and is one of the
largest regional shows, so expect lots of displays and trade stands. Again,
doors open at 9.30am and Rob Sullivan is the man to ask for more
information by emailing robsullivannms@gmail.com.
Moving onto the following weekend and we are back down south. The
Shepway Military Modelling Society Scale Model Show takes place on
Saturday 8th June between 10.00am and 4.00pm. Contact Tony Thunder
on tony.thunder@sky.com if you’d like to ask any questions but I can tell you
that the venue is Hawkinge Community Centre near Folkestone, Kent, CT18
7FP. I’ve never been to the show but that doesn’t mean it’s not a good ‘un!
Sunday 9th June sees a brand new event, the Elstree Model Show, take
place Allum Hall and Manor House in Borehamwood, WD6 3PJ. This is
familiar territory for me but I can’t be sure I’ll get there so I’ll just wish
organisers Chris Mitchell and Colin Levy good luck with their irst show.
You can make contact via chris.mitchell2197@gmail.com but note that there
is also a fair bit of information on the IPMS (UK) events webpage at This 1/48 scale Hawker Typhoon was spotted at
ipmsuk.org/calendar/the-elstree-model-show-2019/
the show. Modeller unknown (Dave Berryman)
Our friends at the Miniature Armoured Fighting Vehicle Association
(MAFVA) are holding their 2019 Nationals on 16th June. This annual

JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 91


Beriev r-1

Beriev R-1 Jet Flying Boat


By Ken Duffey

ighter style canopy offset to port, and the hydrodynamics water tank at TsAGI during
Kit No: 187210
navigator in the extensively glazed nose, both of 1951/52.
Scale: 1/72 whom had ejection seats. The rear crew member The modiied R-1 inally took to the air on
Type: Resin operated the tail guns from two sighting blisters 30th May 1952 by which time the customer, the
itted to either side of the rear fuselage. Soviet Navy, had lost interest in the design and
Manufacturer: ABM Models Although designed for the reconnaissance were seeking a much more capable machine,
Available only by contacting the role, the R-1 could carry an offensive war load of which eventually arrived in the shape of the
developer at abmrarity@gmail.com 1,000kg bombs in overload coniguration. The transonic Beriev Be-10 Mallow.
letter R in the designation stood for reaktivnyy, The single R-1 was relegated to experimental

I
n May 1947 Gheorgiy M. Beriev, at his own or reaction engine, the Soviet term for a jet status as a lying test bed until it crashed at
initiative, started development of a turbo jet engine. Gelendzhik in 1956.
powered lying boat for maritime
Fitted with Koors radar inside a dome in the
reconnaissance duties. At the time the Beriev
extreme nose, the R-1 took to the water at
design bureau, OKB-49 based at Taganrog on the ABM Models Resin Kit
Taganrog in November 1951 to begin its trials,
Sea of Azov, was busy working on the piston This new model of the Beriev R-1 is produced
which, at irst proceeded smoothly. But when
engined Be-6 lying boat. by ABM Models, a collaborative venture
the crew increased speed in order to take-off,
The jet lying boat was to be powered by two the R-1 encountered violent pitch oscillations, between developer Y. Berbenitskiy, resin casters
Klimov RD-45 turbo jets, Soviet copies of the which were traced eventually to a new Prop & Jet and various other designers, with the
Rolls Royce Nene, and had a two step planing phenomenon later called hydrodynamic decals being printed by Begemot. The kit is
bottom, unswept gull wings and a single in with instability barrier. This setback, caused by a available by email order only.
a high set horizontal tail. The jet engines were vacuum being created under the planing step, The beautifully cast resin components
mounted on the wings as high above the water was only inally cured after much comprise a two piece fuselage, a one piece gull
as possible to avoid spray ingestion and experimentation at wing, a two part in and a horizontal tail plane,
armament consisted of a twin cannon rear turret Taganrog and all with
plus two further cannon mounted either side of in the
the glazed nose iring forwards. The pilot sat
under a

ABM’s rather plain box art showing Front page of the


the R-1 in light over Taganrog Bay Coloured instruction Painting and
instruction sheet
diagrams decalling guide

The two halves of cast resin fuselage/hull One-piece wing and horizontal tail plane parts
92 w w w. s c a l e a i r c r a f t m o d e l l i n g . co. u k
BErIEV r-1

separate control surfaces. Smaller components Building the R-1 the port fuselage half can be cemented in place
comprise a fully detailed cockpit with bulkheads Before starting any resin kit, I always thereby hiding all that stunning interior detail!
and a loor, side and front instrument panel, thoroughly wash the components in warm I had to ill in a gap at the apex of the planing
ejection seats, engine intakes and exhausts with soapy water to remove any residue from the bottom where I had not sanded the mating
two superbly detailed RD-45 engines and resin casting process. Starting with the fuselage, surfaces lat enough and there was a slight
wingtip loats. Although the beaching gear is and wearing a safety mask, the casting blocks mismatch at the rear step but overall the
not included, ABM do provide a resin three part have to be removed from the lower hull by fuselage went together with little fuss.
stand on which to rest your inished model. carefully scoring along the prominent line
The pilot's canopy, navigator's front window, between the parts. There is a large, raised
gunner's side blisters and a couple of hatches casting block along the inside of the lower hull, Fin and Tail Plane
are provided as vacforms, with two copies being which also needs to be removed to create a lat The lower in its into a slot in the upper rear
provided in case of errors. Templates are mating surface between the two halves of the fuselage and the horizontal tail plane locates on
included for the many smaller apertures that fuselage. top, after which the upper in can be added. The
have to be glazed by the modeller. Once happy with the two fuselage halves, one piece rudder and the two halves of the
The four page A4 sized instructions are work can begin on building the interior, which is elevator were itted. The instructions show the
printed in colour with a brief history of the type, quite comprehensive. The navigator and pilot's parts being attached using 0.8mm brass rod
a paint guide (with generic names such as Ghost compartments are constructed from loors and hinges, supplied in the kit, but I found that
Grey, Steel Grey etc.), exploded diagram bulkheads to which are added the pilot's side cyanoacrylate glue alone provided adequate
construction sequence and a ive view painting consoles and instrument panel, ejection seats, strength.
and decal placement guide. As already control column, tiny rudder pedals, oxygen
mentioned, the decals are printed by the well- bottles and the navigator's camera (bomb?) Wings
established enterprise of Begemot and two sight. The rear gunner’s station comprises a
complete sheets are included. They consist of bulkhead, loor and seat. The gull wing is cast in one piece with
eight red stars, white with red outline tail separate laps and ailerons and again shown as
There are numerous black boxes to be added being attached using brass rod hinges.
numbers, the red cheat line with photo along the inner walls of the fuselage, plus a map
calibration bars plus decals for the side and front case and a red painted ire extinguisher and The front of the engine nacelles ahead of the
instrument panels. Photo negative alternatives there is even a minute Very pistol for the wing are area ruled and are made up from a
are included for the front instrument panels navigator. Once painted up as per the circular cowling, a bullet fairing with cruciform
should the builder not wish to use the decals. instructions and the various decals applied, the vanes and a front circular intake. Two superbly
interior subassemblies were cemented inside the cast RD-45 engines are itted to the front face of
starboard fuselage half, after which the nacelles on the wing, before the front
cowling assembly is slid over them to attach to

Engine cowlings and superb RD-45 turbojets Upper and lower in, rudder and loats

Decal sheet printed by Begemot

A close view of the


fuselage interior detail

Starboard fuselage half. Note


the raised ridge of the resin pouring stub

JUNE 2019 • VolUmE 41 • IssUE 04 93


Beriev r-1

the nacelle. These resin RD-45/RR Nene Painting and Decalling whilst still on the vacform sheet, so they were
centrifugal low turbojets have to be seen to be Having primed the airframe using an aerosol now carefully cut out and attached in their
believed and are a credit to whoever made the can of Halfords Grey Plastic Primer and made respective positions using the Krystal Kleer as an
masters and it is such a pity that they can hardly good any laws, it was time for the inishing coat. adhesive.
be seen once installed. ABM's instructions recommend Ghost Grey Small delicate mass balance hinges on the
The rear exhaust section of the nacelle is a overall so I used my favourite match, a rattle can elevators and rudder were attached, along with
separate part, and once itted I did have a of Halfords acrylic Ford Polar Grey car spray, two pitot tubes on the wing leading edge and
problem eliminating the slight mismatch which provides a smooth gloss inish ready for three rod aerials along the top of the fuselage.
between the front, centre and rear section of the the decals. Finally, the red painted water rudder was
nacelle. Lots of sanding was needed to get a The red cheat line is supplied in one long attached to the rear of the planing bottom.
smooth joint. continuous decal, which I cut into three parts for Rather than display the model on the
I suspect the problem lay with me not lining ease of handling, and succeeded in getting an provided stand I elected to scratch build the
up the parts correctly and I can only blame my (almost) straight line. The red photo calibration beaching gear. Based on published photos of
failing eyesight. bars are next, followed by the eight red stars on the R-1 and using lorists wire and plastic tubing
Ten tiny blisters representing the covers of the upper and lower wings, fuselage and in. The last for the vertical struts and axles with four wheels
actuators on the laps and ailerons were item is the red outlined white number ive on sourced from the spares box, the front gear was
attached to the underside of the wing in the the upper rudder. constructed with square section plastic being
appropriate places. The completed wing The Begemot decals behaved beautifully, used for the red lotation bags.
assembly was then attached to the cut out in the being thin but densely printed, and went on to The rear wheel came from the spares box and
fuselage. The it is good, with only a modicum of the gloss surface without any hint of silvering. I was attached to a length of wire, which was bent
iller being needed to hide the joint. did use some Micro Sol but it wasn't really into a U shape as per photos of the original. Both
necessary. A inal coat of Citadel Purity Seal, a front and rear beaching gear parts were
great satin varnish, from an aerosol can sealed in attached to the model using cyanoacrylate glue.
Finishing Touches the decals and gave a semi matt inish.
With the major part of the construction done,
attention now turns to the inal parts of the Conclusion
build. The ball turret at the tail had the holes for Finishing Touches Although quite expensive due to it being a
the twin cannons drilled out ready for the The navigator's side and other rear windows limited run resin casting, this new kit from
itment of cannons made from aluminium openings were glazed with Super Krystal Kleer, ledgling company ABM is very well produced,
tubing in place of the supplied resin items. not very successfully as it turned out. The with excellent casting, well printed instructions
Similarly the blisters for the nose guns were aluminium cannon barrels were itted to the rear and decals, and good overall presentation. It
drilled out before being cemented in place. The turret and front blisters and the wingtip loats represents a unique one-off lying boat from this
aluminium cannons on both the tail turret and attached. designer and will look good alongside the other
front blisters were attached at the end of the The rear gunner's sighting blisters, the pilot's Beriev's in my collection, the Be-10 Mallow and
build. canopy and navigator's Be-200, plus the yet to be built Be-6 and Be-12.
The retractable wingtip loats had their top hatches had been
delicate resin attachment struts replaced with masked with References
brass rod for a stronger joint although they were Tamiya tape
not attached at this point as they Beriev's Jet Flying Boats by Yeim Gordon,
before being
were bound to be knocked Volume 28 in the Red Star series
sprayed
off during the painting with the
stage. Polar
Grey Navigator's, pilot's and rear
gunner's assemblies

Interior Front crew


detail stations itted
added. Note
the ire
extinguisher
and map
case

Starboard fuselage half


with interiors itted

94
BErIEV r-1

Fuselage
assembled. Note
the cut-out for
the wing
centre RD-45
section turbojet
and
cowling parts

Fin, rudder and horizontal


tail plane parts

Cruciform tail
itted to fuselage
Checking the
wing for it

JUNE 2019 • VolUmE 41 • IssUE 04 95


Beriev r-1

The quality of the castings really


comes to light when the engines
are painted and dry-brushed

Wing with laps and


ailerons attached

Lots of sanding
needed to get a
smooth nacelle

Wing cemented in place with


Painted
only a small amount of iller
and
needed to blend in the joint
decalled

Beriev R-1 next to its more successful


cousin, the Beriev Be-10

96 w w w. s c a l e a i r c r a f t m o d e l l i n g . co. u k
CO M I N G N E X T M O N T H

PLANNED FOR SCALE AIRCRAFT MODELLING SCALE


NEXT ISSUE: Volume 41 · Issue 05 ·July 2019 AIRCRAFT
MODELLING
JUNE 2019 · VOLUME 41 · ISSUE: 04
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JUNE 2019 • VOLUME 41 • ISSUE 04 97


NEW DECALS (Royal Navy) + Fouga MAGISTER (GI313, SLVSV10, SLVSV30, SLVSV33, EC3/7,
EC4/7, CEAM & EFIPN307 (Armée de l'Air). £9.00
A26 Decals
STS44131A 1:144 Boeing 747-136,236,436 Negus "BA 100" £12.00 MA7272 1:72 Dassault MIRAGE IVA - Prototype 01 (CEV), EB1/91 'Gascogne') (Nuclear
STS44309 1:144 PIA Pakistan International 1980s Boeing 747-200 £10.80 tests & Fantasia Cup), EB3/91 'Beauvaisis' - (A/c number 01, 5, 9, 29, 37 & 48).
STS44323 1:144 KLM Boeing 787-9 £12.00 Dassault MIRAGE IVP - C.E.A.M. (Mt de Marsan), ERS1/91 'Gascogne', ERS2/91 'Bretagne'
STS44325 1:144 KLM Boeing 747-406 £12.00 - (A/c 11, 13, 25, 36, 53, 61 & 62) £9.00
STS44326 1:144 BEA Red Square "BA 100" Airbus A319 £10.80
STS44328 1:144 BOAC "BA 100" Boeing 747-436 £12.00 SBS Model
STS44329 1:144 British Airways Landor Boeing 747-436 "BA 100" £12.00 SBSD4828D 1:48 Dornier Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4 in Hungarian Service £9.99
SBSD4834D 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109F in Spanish Service £9.99
AML SBSD7228D 1:72 Dornier Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4 in Hungarian Service £7.99
AMLD4818 1:48 Re-printed! Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VB/PR Mk.IV Lend-Lease SBSD7234D 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109F in Spanish Service £7.99
Supermarine Spitfire. Soviet Air Force (4) Mk.Vb Silver 01 modified to PR.IV
tested at Research Institute Moscow 1942-3 overall PRU blue; BN198 White Start Aircraft decals (military)
21 57 GIAP Capt A.Levchenko; EP210 White 538 57 GIAP; Mk.IXe White 78 26 LD010 1:48 Decal-sheet for the book STARCAMERA 'Camera' At the Front with his
GIAP Leningrad 1944 white fin/rudder. All standard RAF camouflage. camera, a war correspondent with I(J)/LG 2 and JG 77". £18.99
Inc photo-etched seat belts. £9.30
AMLD7218 1:72 Re-printed! Lend-Lease Supermarine Spitfire. Soviet Air Force (4) Mk.Vb Syhart Decal Aircraft decals (military)
Silver 01 modified to PR Mk.IV tested at Research Institute Moscow 1942-3 SY48061 1:48 Re-printed! Dassault Super Etendard n"23 "100 Ans de l'A" ronavale"
overall PRU blue; BN198 White 21 57 GIAP Capt A.Levchenko; EP210 White 1910-2010 £10.99
538 57 GIAP; Mk.Ixe White 78 26 GIAP Leningrad 1944 white fin/rudder.
All standard RAF camouflage. Inc photo-etched seat belts £5.75 SY48107 1:48 Mirage 2000P/DP "Peruvian Air Force" Includes "25 Anos Mirage" £13.99

Begemot SY72107 1:72 Mirage 2000P/DP "Peruvian Air Force" Includes "25 Anos Mirage" £10.99
BT4814 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT. Algerian and Russian Air Force, include
MiG-29SMTs from Russian Air and Space Force Group in Syria . Set include Techmod
full stencil for one aircraft and for external armament. £15.50 TM24001 1:24 Re-printed! Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vb (3) W3207 JH-M 317 Polish
Sqn 1943; W3902 WX-T 302 Polish Sqn 1943; both Dark Green/Ocean Grey
Berna Decals MedSea Grey. EE781 ZX-A 145 Sqn Dark Earth/Mid Stone/Azure Blue £10.40
BER32057 1:32 Curtiss H-75 (P-36) Aces of GC II/5: Cdt Albert Petitjean-Roget N∞202, TM32039 1:32 Re-printed! Junkers Ju-88A-1 (2) 3Z+BB 1 Stab/KG 77; 3Z+HN 5/KG 77.
Lt Robert Huvet N∞240 coded 1, S/Lt Pierre VillacËque N∞208 coded 7. £12.60 Both Laon-Athies, France Sept 1940 in RLM 70/71/65 with pink bands on tail £10.40
BER48054R 1:48 Dassault Alpha Jet Patrouille de France 2003 - 50TH Anniversary : TM32041 1:32 Re-printed! Messerschmitt Bf-110C (3) M8+GK 2/ZG76 Wolfgang Flack
possibility of making one of the 10 aircraft of the French Aerobatic Team £11.80 Staffelcapitan Sept 1939; U8+BB 1/ZG26 Gunther Sprecht France 1940;
BER48144 1:48 Curtiss H-75 (P-36) Aces of GC II/5: Cdt Albert Petitjean-Roget N∞202, LN+IR 1.(Z)/JG 77 Theodor Weissenberger Norway 1941. £11.20
S/C AndrÈ Legrand N∞1 coded 4, Lt Robert Huvet N∞240 coded 1, S/Lt Pierre
VillacËque N∞208 coded 7 £12.60 Xtradecal
BER72119 1:72 Curtiss H-75 (P-36) Aces of GC II/5: Cdt Albert Petitjean-Roget N∞202, X48199 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas Phantom FG.1/FGR.2 (4)
S/C AndrÈ Legrand N∞1 coded 4, Lt Robert Huvet N∞240 coded 1, • FG.1 XT863/G 111 Sqn RAF Leuchars Scotland UK as seen at
S/Lt Pierre VillacËque N∞208 coded 7 £9.40
RAF Greenham Common IAT 1983;
• FGR.2 XT906/T II(AC) Sqn
Caracal Models
• RAF Laarbruch Germany Mid-1970s;
CD144002 1:144 Re-printed! Lockheed C-141B Starlifter. £13.99
• FGR.2 XV413/Z 92 Sqn RAF Wildenrath Germany July 1977;
CD144005 1:144 Boeing B-52H Stratofortress: £13.99
• FGR.2, XT901/J 17 Sqn RAF Brüggen Germany 1973. £7.99
CD144008 1:144 Re-printed! Lockheed C-5A Galaxy £13.99
X48200 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas FG.1/FGR.2 (6)
CD144010 1:144 Lockheed EC-121 Warning Star: £13.99
• FG.1 XV571/A 43 Sqn RAF Leuchars Scotland UK 1989;
CD144016 1:144 KC-10 Extender £13.99
• FGR.2 XV403/403 6 Sqn deployed to RAF Luqa Malta 1969;
CD144018 1:144 RAF Lockheed C-130J Hercules £13.99
CD48138 1:48 Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter. £13.99 • FGR.2 XV422/J 'Jaguar Killer’
CD48144 1:48 Rockwell B-1B Lancer - Part 2 £14.99 • 19 Squadron RAF Decimomannu Sardinia 1989;
CD48150 1:48 McDonnell F-15A/B Eagle - The Early Years £13.99 • FGR.2 XV399/P 29 Sqn RAF Coningsby UK 9 April 1980;
CD48153 1:48 Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander. £13.99 • FGR.2, XV485/P 23 Sqn RAF Wattisham UK May 1981;
CD72080 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier II Plus £13.99 • FGR.2 XV401/B 228 OCU 64 Sqn RAF Wattisham UK 1988. £7.99
CDB48004 1:48 Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk Stencils £6.99 X48201 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas Phantom FG.1/FGR.2 (5)
• FG.1 XV574/Z 111 Sqn RAF Fairford IAT 1986;
Foxbot Decals • FGR.2 XV470/C 56 Sqn RAF Coningsby UK 1976;
FBOT48033 1:48 Stencils for Hawker Hurricane £2.20 • FGR.2 XV414/N 41 Sqn RAF Coningsby UK 1976;
FBOT48034 1:48 Stencils for Sukhoi Su-25UB £8.30 • FGR.2 XV418/S 92 Sqn RAF Wildenrath Germany 1979;
FBOT48041T 1:48 Digital Rooks: Sukhoi Su-25UB with Stencils £16.70 • FGR.2 XV401/B 228 OCU 64 Sqn RAF Wattisham UK August 1987. £7.99
FBOT48042T 1:48 Ukrainian Rooks: Sukhoi Su-25UB with Stencils £16.70 X48202 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas Phantom FG.1/FGR.2 (7)
• FGR.2 XV403/A 54 Sqn RAF Coningsby UK 1972;
Iliad Design • FGR.2 XV466/D/ 'Desperation’ 1435 Flight RAF Mount Pleasant
ILD48005R 1:48 Re-printed! Mikoyan MiG-19/Shenyang J-6 (5) Mikoyan MiG-19 3570 Falkland Islands December 1991;
Egyptian Air Force 1967 Natural metal; J-6 No 4126 26 Sqn Pakistan Air Force • FGR.2 XV421/F 'Faith’ Crewed by F/O Ian 'Mongo' Halden & F/L
FS36118/36270/36375; No 3878 Egyptian Air Force FS36375/35550; No 10434 Chris 'CJ' Weightman 1435 Flight
Pakistan Air Force Retirement scheme in red, white, green fuselage; 6066 • RAF Mount Pleasant Falkland Islands September 1991;
North Vietnamese Air Force 925th Fighter Regt 1972 Dark green over natural • FGR.2 XV474/F RAF Aldergrove Northern Ireland 1978;
metal £11.99 • FGR.2 XV498/U 92 Sqn RAF Akrotiri Cyprus 1989;
• FGR.2, XV464/464 14 Sqn RAF Coningsby UK 1974;
Kits-World • FG.1 XT865/U 111 Sqn RAF Leuchars Scotland July 1980;
KW144052 1:144 Victor K.2 tankers 55 Sqn over the Iraq Set 1 Maid Marian XH672, • FGR.2 XV499/I 23 Sqn RAF Leeming UK 1993. £7.99
Lusty Lindy XL231, Sweet/Slinky Sue XH671. £7.99 X48203 1:48 Hawker Hunters International Operators
KW144053 1:144 Victor K.2 tankers 55 Sqn over Iraq Set 2 Saucy Sal XL164, Lucky Lou • F.56 BA360A 20 Sqn/Target Towing Flight Indian Air Force Kalaikunda AB
XM717, Teasin’ Tina/Meldrew XM715. £7.99 West Bengal India 1972;
KW72160 1:72 Handley-Page Victor K.2 tankers 55 Sqn over the Iraq Set 1 Maid Marian • F.6 660 4 Sqn Iraq Air Force H-3 Air Base during ‘Operation Moked’ Iraq 1967;
XH672, Lusty Lindy XL231, Sweet/Slinky Sue XH671. £10.20 • FGA.70 L175 Lebanese Air Force during ‘Operation Moked’ Iraq 1967;
KW72161 1:72 Handley-Page Victor K.2 tankers 55 Sqn over Iraq Set 2 Saucy Sal XL164, • F.6 60-602 5 Sqn Royal Saudi Air Force 1969;
Lucky Lou XM717, Teasin’ Tina/Meldrew XM715. £10.20 • FGA.9 RRAF121 1 Sqn Royal Rhodesian Air Force Thornhill AB Rhodesia 1967;
• FGA.9 R1821 1 Sqn Royal Rhodesian Air Force Thornhill AB Rhodesia 1972. £7.99
Model Art
MA7268 1:72 Back in stock! Westland SEA KING HAS.1 - 706, 819, 820, 824 & 82 6NAS XDW Back in Stock! A4 sheet (210mm x 296mm) White decal sheet (suitable for laser copiers) £3.50

NEW KITS AMP Aircraft kits (injection) AH70021 1:72 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I Trop £11.70
AMP14002 1:144 Northrop B-2A Spirit Stealth £37.99
AA Model Aircraft kits (injection) AMP48007 1:48 XH-26 Jet Jeep American helicopter £22.30 Arsenal Model Group Aircraft kits (injection)
AMU14424 1:144 Grumman UF-1 Albatross flying boat £18.80 AMG48207 1:48 Kamov Ka-10 (with crew) £26.99
AMU72023 1:72 Re-released! Yakovlev Yak-15 £9.40 Anigrand Craftswork Aircraft kits (resin) AMG48902 1:48 Back in stock! Hawker Hart Mk.I £51.99
AMU72327 1:72 C-37B Gulfstream V £55.30 ANIG2137 1:72 Sikorsky XPBS-1 flying boat
AMU72361 1:72 Gulfstream G-550 £55.30 Patrol bomber £169.99 AZ Model Aircraft kits (injection)
AZMS7208 1:72 Re-released! Supermarine Spitfire
Academy Aircraft kits (injection) Arma Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) Mk.IXUTI £15.20
AC12127 1:35 Bell AH-1Z Shark Mouth USMC 100% AH70002 1:72 Re-released! PZL TS-11 'Iskra' bis DF
new tooling. £39.99 expert set (with 4 decal options, canopy BIGMODEL Aircraft kits (injection)
masks and interior photoetched fret BIG1440016 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 Warbird (2 paint) £16.60
Airfix Aircraft kits (injection) ASQ72083 included) £14.99 BIG1440058 1:144 Antonov An-26 LZ-ABR (Skulls) £18.99
AX03029A 1:72 Douglas A-4B/Q Skyhawk £12.99 AH70005 1:72 Re-released! PZL P.7a Deluxe Set. BIG1440062 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 SP-LAS LOT early £16.60
AX19003A 1:24 Hawker Typhoon Mk.IB 'Car Door' £119.99 Contains parts to build two kits. Plus photo BIG1440063 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 LOT £16.60
etch, resin and comprehensive decal sheet £31.99 BIG1440064 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 SP-LAE LOT late £16.60
BIG1440065 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 HA-LIX Sunflower £16.60 parts and RAF decals £62.99 (Zoukei-Mura) £19.99
BIG1440066 1:144 Lisunov Li-2 Laos £16.60 AIRE4770 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas FGR.2 Phantom II
BIG1440067 1:144 Antonov An-26 Romanian Air Force £18.99 Special Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) exhaust nozzles (Hasegawa and Revell) £13.99
BIG1440068 1:144 Antonov An-26 Ukraine Air Force SH32076 1:32 Back in stock! Fokker D.II "Grünzweig`s AIRE2224 1:32 Bucker Bu 131B/Bu-131D open main and
(Shark) £18.99 Planes" £35.99 tail wheels & paint masks (ICM) £6.99
SH48054 1:48 Back in stock! CAC CA-9 £29.30 AIRE2226 1:32 Bucker Bu 131B/Bu-131D covered main
Czech Master Resin Aircraft kits (resin) SH72162 1:72 Short Sunderland Mk.V flying boat £42.99 and tail wheels & paint masks (ICM) £6.99
CMR1123 1:72 Back in stock! Supermarine Spitfire SH72398 1:72 Douglas Boston Mk.III Intruder £22.50
Prototype K5054 June 1936 £27.99 SH72405 1:72 Morane-Saulnier MS.410C.1 £15.80 AML Aircraft conversions (resin)
CMR1170 1:72 Back in stock! Type 300 Supermarine AMLA4861 1:48 Spitfire Mk.IXe with German fuel tanks-in
Spitfire prototype, Eastleigh Airport, Tamiya Aircraft kits (injection) Czech AF service £9.40
5th March 1936 £30.50 TA60790 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 £19.99 AMLA4869 1:48 Spitfire Mk.IXe with German fuel tanks -
CMR1236 1:72 Back in stock! Supermarine Spitfire TA61092 1:48 Mitsubishi Ki-46 III Type 100 (Dinah) in Israeli AF service £9.40
Prototypes. F.21 Victor PP139 & LTD Edition Import £29.99 Aircraft decals and paint masks (military)
F.23 Valiant LA187. £29.99 AMLC2028 1:32 HAWKER Hurricane & Supermarine
Tarangus Aircraft kits (injection) Spitfire, Lend-Lease Serie, Part VI. £5.75
Dora Wings Aircraft kits (injection) TAR48007 1:48 Back in stock! Saab SH-37/SF-37 Viggen. £64.99 AMLD4825 1:48 Re-released! Lavochkin LaGG-3 Part 1. (3)
DW144-02 1:144 Gee Bee Super Sportster R1 and R2 £15.30 TAR72003 1:72 Back in stock! Saab JA-37 'Viggen' £34.99 Flown by Capt Mironov No 78 609th IAP; Capt
DW72014 1:72 Percival Proctor Mk.III £23.60 Galchenko No 76 145th IAP with black or
DW72015 1:72 Savoia-Marchetti S.55 £63.99 Trumpeter Aircraft kits (injection) white cats on fin; 21st IAP No 04 £9.30
TU01686 1:72 Nanchang Q-5A £24.99 Aircraft detailing sets (resin)
Dragon Aircraft kits (injection) TU02425 1:24 Junkers Ju-87G-2 'Stuka' £109.99 AMLA7253 1:72 German bombs SC 50-4Pc £5.40
DN5111 1:72 Sikorsky S-61A Sea King "Antarctica AMLA7254 1:72 German bombs SC 50-6Pc £6.40
Observation" £19.99 Zvezda Aircraft kits (injection) AMLA7257 1:72 Focke-Wulf Fw-190 V75, DR+MH with
ZVE7202 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-21PFM £15.99 SG 113 £5.75
Eastern Express Aircraft kits (injection) AMLA7261 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXe German
EA144116 1:144 Fokker F-27-500 NLM City Hopper £33.20 NEW ACCESSORIES fuel tanks-in Czech AF service £8.30
AMLA7262 1:72 Henschel Hs-129B-1/R4 Bomb racks
Eduard Aircraft kits (injection) Aerobonus (by Aires) Aircraft detailing sets (resin) (Airfix, Bilek and Italeri) £6.10
EDK11126 1:48 Tornado F.3 Limited Edition QAB480182 1:48 Static dischargers for Russian aircraft £4.50 AMLA7264 1:72 Wgr.21 for Messerschmitt Bf-109G and
(Revell plastic) £41.70 QAB480206 1:48 Tail pylon racks for Mikoyan Focke-Wulf Fw-190A/Fw-190F ( 2 pc ) (Airfix,
EDK11127 1:48 Barbarossa Messerschmitt Bf-109E and MiG-23/MiG-27M (Trumpeter) £4.50 Eduard, Hasegawa and Revell) £5.40
Bf-109F-2 Limited Edition £63.30 Figures (resin) AMLA7267 1:72 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A/F ETC 71 bomb racks £5.40
EDK11128 1:48 Shachak Limited Edition £35.99 QAB320129 1:32 Tail pylon racks for Mikoyan AMLA7269 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXe German
EDK70131 1:72 Fokker D.VII (OAW) ProfiPACK edition £12.99 MiG-23/MiG-27 (Trumpeter) £4.50 fuel tanks - in Israeli AF service £8.30
EDK84112 1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-3 Weekend edition £19.20
AIM - Transport Wings Aircraft detailing sets (resin) Barracuda Studios Aircraft detailing sets (resin)
HPH Models Aircraft kits (resin) TWC48050 1:48 Delilah Israeli Cruise missiles and BCR48350 1:48 Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 cowling upgrade
HPH32043L 1:32 Douglas C-47 Skytrain £750.00 F-16 pylons £15.30 (Airfix) £13.99
HPH48049L 1:48 Corvair B-36 Peacemaker £575.00 TWC72050 1:72 Delilah Israeli Cruise missiles and
F-16 pylons £8.10 CMK/Czech Master Kits Aircraft detailing sets (resin)
Italeri Aircraft kits (injection) CMK4371 1:48 Mitsubishi J2M3 Raiden
IT1410 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AV-8A Harrier. £17.50 Aims Aircraft detailing sets (etched) 'Jack'-Undercarriage set (Hasegawa) £10.80
IT1429 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas F-18 Hornet AIMPE48009 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I/Mk.II bracing CMK4372 1:48 Mitsubishi J2M3 Raiden
Swiss Air Force and RAAF. £17.50 wires (Airfix) £12.00 'Jack'-Armament set (Hasegawa) £12.40
IT2795 1:48 Curtiss P-40E/K Kittyhawk RAF. £29.99 Aircraft detailing sets (resin) CMQ48341 1:48 Blenheim Mk.I engine intakes (Airfix) £6.60
AIMS32P06 1:32 Messerschmitt Bf-109F-K-4 exhausts for CMQ48342 1:48 Blenheim Mk.I exhausts (Airfix) £4.70
Mach 2 Aircraft kits (injection) any kit £4.50 CMK4381 1:48 Blenheim Mk.IF Armament (Airfix) £6.30
MACHGP101 1:72 Vickers Viscount 700 (United) £45.99 Aircraft detailing sets (resin) CMQ48339 1:48 Mitsubishi J2M3 Raiden (JACK) seat
MACHGP102 1:72 Vickers Viscount 700 (British Airways) £45.99 AIMS32P07 1:32 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 'Graf Special' (Hasegawa) £3.60
MACHGP103 1:72 Vickers Viscount 700 (Air Inter) £45.99 (Revell) - includes replacement canopy, small CMK4378 1:48 Blenheim Mk.IMk.IF main wheels (Airfix) £6.30
MACHGP104 1:72 Vickers Viscount 700 (BEA) £45.99 photo etch frame, outer gear doors and 2x CMK4379 1:48 Blenheim Mk.I/Mk.IF tail wheel with
W.Gr 21 rockets. £17.00 strengthened leg (Airfix) £6.30
Marivox Aircraft kits (injection) AIMS32P08 1:32 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 'Graf Special' CMK4382 1:48 Blenheim Mk.I Main wheels with
MV7203 1:72 Back in stock!!! Saab 17 WWII (Hasegawa) As above £17.00 Circumferential Tread (Airfix) £6.30
Reconnaissance, Maritime Patrol, Dive AIMSP48011 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 'Graf Special'
Bomber 6 versions Decals for 16 a/c £14.60 (Eduard) As above but 1:48 £12.60 Eduard Aircraft detailing sets (etched)
AIMSP48012 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 'Graf Special' ED32432 1:32 Lancaster B.I/III B Mk.I bomb racks
Modelsvit Aircraft kits (injection) (Tamiya) As above £12.60 (Hong Kong Models) £29.99
MSVIT72052 1:72 Re-released! Dassault Mirage 4000 £34.40 ED32433 1:32 Lancaster B.I/III B Mk.I undercarriage
AIRES Aircraft detailing sets (resin) (Hong Kong Models) £29.99
Revell Aircraft kits (injection) AIRE4765 1:48 Fairey Firefly Mk.I cockpit set ED32434 1:32 P-40F Warhawk exterior (Trumpeter) £21.30
RV4961 1:32 Messerschmitt Bf-110C-7 (ex Dragon) £59.99 (Trumpeter) £19.99 ED32435 1:32 F-5F Tiger exterior (Kitty Hawk Model) £25.80
AIRE4768 1:48 Firey Firefly Mk.I wheel bay (Trumpeter) £11.40 ED32436 1:32 Lancaster B.I/III B Mk.I radiators
S & M Models Aircraft kits (injection) AIRE4771 1:48 Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 control (Hong Kong Models) £10.99
SMK44-70 1:144 RAF Lockheed Tristar 500. ‘Pink Pig’ surfaces (Airfix) £6.99 ED32944 1:32 B-24D/B-24J Liberator cockpit
Eastern Express kit with additional refuelling AIRE4772 1:48 F-4J Phantom II (early version) cockpit set (HobbyBoss) £19.20

AMU14424 A MODEL AMP14002 AMP MODELS AH70021 ARMA HOBBY AMG48902 ARSENAL CMR1123 CZECHMASTER DW72014 DORA WINGS EDK11128 EDUARD
1:144 Grumman UF-1 1:144 Northrop 1:72 Hawker Hurricane MODEL GROUP 1:72 Supermarine 1:72 Percival 1:48 Mirage III
Albatross B-2A Spirit Mk.I Trop 1:48 Hawker Hart Mk.I Spitfire Prototype Proctor Mk.III Shachak
£18.80 £37.99 £11.70 £51.99 £27.99 £23.60 £35.99

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