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CPE USE Ss_Contents_CPE USE Ss_Contents 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 1

Student’s Book
Virginia Evans
CPE USE Ss_Contents_CPE USE Ss_Contents 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 2

Published by Express Publishing

Liberty House, Greenham Business Park, Newbury,


Berkshire RG19 6HW
Tel: (0044) 1635 817 363 - Fax: (0044) 1635 817 463
e-mail: inquiries@expresspublishing.co.uk
http: //www.expresspublishing.co.uk

© Virginia Evans, 2013

Design and Illustration © Express Publishing, 2013

First published in this edition 2013

Made in EU

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of the publishers.

This book is not meant to be changed in any way.

ISBN 978-1-4715-1596-5

Acknowledgements
We would like to thank all the staff at Express Publishing who have contributed their skills to the production of this book. Thanks are due in
particular to: Mary Palmer (Editor in Chief), Helen Smith (senior editors), Mary Brown (editorial assistant), Philippa Porter (senior Production
Controller), the Express Publishing design team, and Mary Lewis and Steve Mason for their support and patience. We would also like to thank
those institutions and teachers who piloted the manuscript, and those whose comments and feedback influenced positively the production of
the book.

The authors and publishers also wish to thank the following who have kindly given permission to use copyright material: A future for our Past. Historical
Reality, by Mark Brisbane and John Wood, © English Heritage Education Service, on p. 21; Petal Power, by Jacqui Higgins, © Fairlady Magazine, on
p. 82; Research finds no ill effects from use of mobile phones, © Tim Radford, The Guardian, on p. 116; The freelance poisoner, by Bryant Furlow, © New
Scientist, on p. 145; Special thanks to the New Encyclopaedia Britannica and the World Book Encyclopaedia.

Every effort has been made to trace all the copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to
make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.
CPE USE Ss_Contents_CPE USE Ss_Contents 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 3

Contents
Unit 1 Tenses ................................................................................ p. 6
Practice Test 1 ...................................................................... p. 20
Unit 2 Modals ................................................................................ p. 22
Practice Test 2 ..................................................................... p. 34
Unit 3 Infinitive & -ing Form ............................................................ p. 36
Practice Test 3 ...................................................................... p. 50
Unit 4 Passive Voice ...................................................................... p. 52
Practice Test 4 ...................................................................... p. 64
Unit 5 Reported Speech ................................................................. p. 66
Practice Test 5 ...................................................................... p. 84
Unit 6 Adjectives – Adverbs ............................................................ p. 86
Practice Test 6 ...................................................................... p. 102

Unit 7 Conditionals ........................................................................ p. 104


Practice Test 7 ...................................................................... p. 116

Unit 8 Wishes – Unreal Past ........................................................... p. 118


Practice Test 8 ...................................................................... p. 132

Unit 9 Relatives ............................................................................. p. 134


Practice Test 9 ...................................................................... p. 144

Unit 10 Nouns ................................................................................. p. 146


Practice Test 10 .................................................................... p. 158

Unit 11 Articles ............................................................................... p. 160


Practice Test 11 .................................................................... p. 170

Unit 12 Causative Form .................................................................... p. 172


Practice Test 12 .................................................................... p. 182

Unit 13 Clauses................................................................................ p. 184


Practice Test 13 .................................................................... p. 202

Unit 14 Inversion .............................................................................. p. 204


Practice Test 14 .................................................................... p. 212

Unit 15 Conjunctions/Punctuation ..................................................... p. 214


Practice Test 15 .................................................................... p. 230

Appendix 1 – Phrasal Verbs .................................................................. p. 232


Appendix 2 – Idioms/Fixed Phrases ...................................................... p. 237
Appendix 3 – Words often confused ...................................................... p. 242
Appendix 4 – Word Formation ............................................................... p. 249
Appendix 5 – Verbs, Adjectives, Nouns with Prepositions ........................ p. 258
Appendix 6 – Verbal Constructions ....................................................... p. 270

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Introduction
The CPE Use of English is a practice book intended • Key word transformations – discrete items with
for advanced students of English who wish to sit the a lead-in sentence and a gapped response to
revised CPE examination as well as other complete using a given word.
examinations at the same level of difficulty. It can
also be used by advanced students, who wish to • Fixed phrases – presentation of fixed phrases in
polish up their skills in the difficult grammatical coloured tables with relevant gap filling and four-
area of structures and usage. option multiple choice sentences.
The Teacher’s Book for the Student’s Book contains
the answers overprinted on the relevant pages of • Proverbs – commonly used proverbs with
the Student’s Book. explanations through exercises.

How the book is organised • Word usage – word formation texts containing
Each unit consists of three main sections: eight gaps (to be used with reference to
Grammar, English in Use and a Practice Test. Appendix 4), four-option multiple choice cloze
texts and sentences to be completed using the
Grammar most appropriate choice from groups of words
In this section there is a condensed presentation of often confused. (To be used with reference to
grammar structures followed by graded exercises Appendix 3)
which practise the various phenomena, including
conversational grammar four-option multiple choice • Collocations – exercises designed to familiarise
sentences. There is also a Verbal Construction students with word-combination.
Appendix (Appendix 6) which students can use as a
reference guide for specific structures. Practice Test
This section consists of four Use of English
English in Use exercises. These are:
This section consists of:
A Multiple-choice cloze – a modified text with eight
• Open cloze texts – modified cloze texts containing gaps.
eight gaps.
B Open cloze – a modified cloze text containing
• Phrasal verbs – presentation of phrasal verbs eight gaps.
clearly set out in coloured tables and with
relevant exercises. (To be used with reference to C Word formation – a text containing eight gaps.
Appendix 1) Each gap corresponds to a word. The stems of
the missing words are given beside the text and
• Idioms/Fixed phrases – presentation of must be changed to form the missing word.
idioms/fixed phrases in coloured tables with
relevant exercises. (To be used with reference to D Key word transformations – six separate items,
Appendix 2) each with a lead-in sentence and a gapped
second sentence to be completed in three to
• Prepositions – verbs, nouns and adjectives eight words, one of which is a given ‘key’ word.
followed by prepositions written in alphabetical The ‘key’ word should not be changed.
groups and tested in sentence form. (To be used
with reference to Appendix 5)

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Appendices How to use the book


The appendices on phrasal verbs, idioms/fixed The book is designed for use in class or self-study.
phrases, words often confused, word formation, The teacher is encouraged to adapt the book to the
prepositions and verbal constructions at the end of needs of the students and according to individual
the book aim to help students in their studies as preference. The material in the book is structurally
well as teachers in checking the students’ graded and is intended to be practised over the
competence in these difficult areas of the English duration of the Proficiency course.
language.
Components: Student’s Book
Teacher’s Book

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UNIT 1a Grammar: Tenses

PRESENT

Present Simple Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous


habitual actions or repeated actions with recently completed past actions producing
permanent states always, forever, actions visible results in the
He goes swimming every constantly (often to She has just painted her present
day. show annoyance) room. She has been painting her
She works in a bank. You’re always leaving the room. (It smells of paint.)
cap off the toothpaste.
arranged future actions actions in progress/ actions beginning in the an action beginning in the
(timetables, programmes, temporary actions past and continuing up to past and continuing up to
etc) He’s sleeping at the the present, focusing on the present, focusing on the
The match begins at 8:30 moment. the result action especially with for or
next Monday evening. They’re hunting for a flat. He has written three since
books. She has been waiting for
two hours but there’s still no
sign of him.
laws of nature/scientific fixed arrangements for indefinite past actions or action showing annoyance,
facts and instructions the near future experiences irritation or surprise
Ice melts when heated. They are going on an She has seen this film. What have you been doing
First you chop the meat, excursion tomorrow. (We do not know when.) to my computer?
then you fry it. I’ve been to Berlin twice.
dramatic narration current trends and repeated actions still
The lights go out and a developments continuing
figure tears out of the Oil prices are rising at He has worked as a
villa. present. teacher for four years. (He
is still a teacher.)
Time Expressions: Time Expressions: now, at Time Expressions: since, Time Expressions: for,
usually, often, always, present, at the moment, yet, for, already, just, ever, since, how long, lately,
every day, in the morning, these days, still, today, so far, recently, lately, still, recently etc
on Mondays etc tonight, nowadays etc how long etc

Stative verbs describe a state and do not have continuous forms. These include verbs related to:
senses see, hear, smell, feel, taste
thinking think, agree, believe, consider, doubt, feel (= think) etc
emotion & feeling forgive, hate, loathe, like, dislike, love, mind, wish etc
other appear/seem, be, belong, have (= possess), keep (= continue), matter, owe, possess/own etc

Notes
• Verbs of the senses can have continuous forms, but then there’s a change in meaning.
I’m seeing my dentist tomorrow. (= a prior arrangement) BUT Do you see those birds? (ability to see)
• The verbs think, consider and expect can have continuous forms when they refer to an activity.
Be quiet, please! I’m thinking. BUT I think you are wrong. (= I believe)
• Have can have continuous forms in certain expressions such as: have a bath, have a nap, have fun, have
a good time etc.
We were having a good time at the party when the fire broke out.
BUT Since you have his phone number, you can call him. ( = possess)

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1a Grammar: Tenses

1 Put the verbs in brackets into the appropriate present tense.


0 Our firm is launching (launch) two new products 5 “Why .................................................................
next week. (you/feel) Annie’s forehead?”
1 “Why ............................................ (he/leave)?” “I .................... (think) she’s got a temperature.”
“Because he ............................................ (play) 6 The place looks like a bombsite! What ................
football at 6:30 this evening.” ...................................................... (do) all day?
2 Dancers at the ballet school ............................... 7 Come on John! You ............................................
.............................................. (rehearse) for the (know) me since high school! You ......................
performance since last November. .......................................... (not/really/believe)
3 You ................................................................... I would do such a terrible thing.
(not/really/think) I’ll eat this stew! It 8 The opposition party ..........................................
.................................................... (smell) awful! (appear) to be making ground in the opinion polls.
4 I ............................................. (try) to complete 9 Randall ....................................... (kick) the ball
that jigsaw for over three months now! into the net and it ........................... (be) a goal!

HAS BEEN TO / HAS BEEN IN / HAS GONE TO

He has been to Berlin. He has been in Buenos Aires for He has gone to Toledo.
(= He has gone and come back.) a year. (= He lives there.) (= He hasn’t come back yet.)

2 Fill in the blanks with have been to, have been 4 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present
in or have gone to in their correct form. Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.
0 I have been to Cambodia three times. Stonehenge 0) has been (be) the subject of
1 Mrs Bates ........................................... Cologne. archaeological debate for many years. No one
She won’t be back for at least three weeks. 1) ................................................... (yet/explain)
2 Nick ........................................................ Wales satisfactorily why or how it was built, although teams of
for three years now, studying for his degree. experts 2) .........................................................
3 Why don’t you ask Clare about the tropics? (excavate) the site for years and a team of American
She .................................................... Thailand. scientists 3) .........................................................
4 He ............................................................. visit (recently/start) working in the area with sophisticated
his father. I’m afraid you’ve just missed him. new equipment. Popular theories 4) ...........................
...................... (suggest) that Stonehenge was built as
a temple, but no one 5) ...........................................
3 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present
(manage) to work out how the stones were transported
Simple or Present Continuous.
there. A group of students from Bangor University
Terry Poole 0) is (be) an engineer who 1) .................. 6) ............................................................. (discuss)
(work) for an international aid organisation. Although he the possibility of re-enacting the journey from Wales,
normally 2) .......................................... (work) in where such stones are to be found, overland to
Indonesia, at present he 3) ....................................... Stonehenge, and sponsors 7) ................................
(supervise) a project in Rwanda which ......................... (come) forward with offers of
4) .............................. (involve) the co-ordination of financial assistance. The British Museum
local people, aid workers and engineers like himself. 8) ........................................... (also/announce) a
Although he 5) ....................................................... forthcoming exhibition of artefacts from the
(enjoy) the experience, he 6) ............................. Stonehenge period, which they 9) ................
(doubt) the project will be finished soon. ..................................................... (gather) over the
last five years from all over Northern Europe.

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1a Grammar: Tenses

FUTURE FORMS

will/shall be going to Future Continuous Future Perfect


predictions, offers, intentions actions in progress at a actions finished before a
promises, requests, I know my clothes are dirty. certain time in the future certain future time, usually
suggestions I’m going to wash them I’ll be flying to Paris this with before, by, by then,
Will you help me with the tomorrow. time tomorrow. by the time, until/till
dishes? By the end of July he will
Shall I get you some have been in Athens for
coffee? two months.
on-the-spot decisions planned actions logical assumptions about logical assumptions about
“Your clothes are dirty.” She’s going to take her sb’s actions in the present sb’s actions
“Are they? I’ll wash them.” driving test next month. He will be sleeping now. He will have gone to sleep
(It’s midnight.) by now.
opinions, hopes, fears, possible action seen in previously planned actions Future Perfect
especially with think, the future as a result of (instead of Present Continuous
expect, suppose, imagine, sth else Continuous) an action up to a certain
fear etc He doesn’t know how to I’ll be seeing Sam tonight. time in the future,
I think he’ll pass the test. light a fire. Would you like me to tell emphasising the continuity,
He’s going to burn himself. him the news? usually with by ... for
By next Sunday, they will
have been living here for
two weeks.
Time Expressions: Note
tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, tonight, soon, next by/before are used with Future Perfect in affirmative
week/month/year, in a week/month/year etc sentences; until is used in negative sentences
She will have cleaned the house by 6 o’clock.
She won’t have cleaned the house until 6 o’clock.

OTHER WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE FUTURE

be + to-infinitive (future plans, instructions) be about + to-infinitive/be on the point of + gerund


The meeting is to take place on Wednesday. (immediate future)
You are not to leave the premises until 17:00. They are about to leave.
They are on the point of leaving.

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1a Grammar: Tenses

6 Put the verbs in brackets into an appropriate


CONVERSATIONAL GRAMMAR present or future form.

5 Choose the correct item. “If I 0) am (be) re-elected, I 1) ..............................


(give) you my word that the first issues I
0 “Any news from Tess?”
2) .............................. (tackle) are those of the
“Yes. She ....... tomorrow on the 9:15 train.”
environment and education. As of next month, I
A will have been arriving C arriving
3) ................................................ (serve) my country
B will have arrived D arrives
in a public capacity for 6 years; I 4) .............................
1 “I suppose your report isn’t ready yet.” (hope) to continue for at least as many more. While the
“Don’t worry. I ....... it by tomorrow.” general attitude 5) ...................................... (seem)
A will have been finishing C am finishing to be that things in this country 6) ..............................
B will be finishing D will have finished (go) from bad to worse, I believe that by the end of my
2 “So, are you coming along, after all?” next term of office, we 7) ..........................................
“Well, I don’t know. What time .......?” (be/able) to look back and count the improvements
A you’re leaving C will you leave that have been made. In fact, I am so confident that if
B will you be leaving D do you leave this 8) ......................................... (not/be) the case,
3 “I’ve called Eddie a half dozen times but he won’t I 9) ..................................................... (never/make)
answer the phone.” another promise in my life. But I firmly believe that
“Try once more. He ....... .” these 10) ...................................... (be) years of
A will sleep C will be sleeping positive change and dramatic improvements.”
B sleeps D is to be sleeping
4 “Well, I first came here last June.”
“So by the end of May you ....... with us for almost
7 Fill in will or be going to.
a year.” 0 A: I’m going to start learning Chinese.
A will have been working C are to work B: Are you? Will you let me know what it’s like as
B are going to have worked D will work I’d like to have a go too?
5 “Shall I call Mr Simpson?” 1 A: Sheila .............................. have an operation
“I think he ....... now.” next Tuesday.
A will be working C is to work B: If you tell me which hospital she’ll be in, I’ll go
B is going to work D will work and visit her.
2 A: I have to be at work by 8:30.
6 “Is Nigel still here?”
B: But it’s nearly 8:00. You ...............................
“Yes, but hurry up, he is just ....... .”
be late.
A about to leave C to be leaving
3 A: I’m sure I ............................ pass the course
B about leaving D to leave
this time.
7 “Do you know it’s Maggie’s birthday today?”
B: I hope you do. You’ve worked really hard this
“Yes, she ....... a party tonight.”
term.
A has C is to have
4 A: Look at those clouds. It’s definitely going to
B is having D will have
rain.
8 “Doesn’t she feel nervous about having to teach B: Is it? I ................................. bring the chairs
that class?” in from the garden, then.
“I shouldn’t think so as she’s such an experienced 5 A: So, are you ready to go?
teacher. By May she ....... teaching for fifteen years.” B: I’ve told you a thousand times! I ....................
A is going to be C will have been .................... come.
B has been D is to be 6 A: If you buy the flowers, I’ll get some chocolates.
B: OK, but get a move on or we .........................
be late.

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1a Grammar: Tenses

PAST

Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous


actions completed in the past actions in progress/ past action which a longer past action
past when there is direct at a given point in time happened before another which continued up to
or indirect time reference She was still working at past action another past action
He left an hour ago. eight o’clock yesterday She had already typed all She had been cooking all
(direct time reference) evening. the letters before her boss day long when Tom came
She phoned before the arrived. home with some fish and
boss came. chips.
(indirect time reference)
past habitual actions past action in progress as the past equivalent of actions producing visible
He travelled/used to interrupted by another the Present Perfect results in the past
travel a lot when he was action Compare: She was covered in paint
young. She was leaving when the Bob had always dreamed because she had been
phone rang. of being in a musical, but painting her room.
he never got the chance.
past actions happening simultaneous past
Tom has always dreamed
one after the other actions
of being in a musical; he
He stood up, picked up While Jane was getting
might make it one day.
his briefcase and left the dressed, Tom was enjoying
office. his drink.
past actions which won’t polite inquiries
be repeated I was wondering if you
Marilyn Monroe starred in could help me.
“The Seven Year Itch”.
Time Expressions: Time Expressions: Time Expressions: Time Expressions:
yesterday, then, when, ago, while, when, as, all before, after, already, just, for, since, how long,
How long ago ...?, last morning/evening, day, for, since, till/until, by the before, until etc
night/week/year etc night etc time, never etc

USED TO / GET USED TO / WOULD

This theatre used to be a hospital.


used to + infinitive (past habitual action/state)
He used to work till late at night. (He doesn’t anymore.)
She isn’t used to driving on the left.
be/get used to + gerund/noun (habitual action)
I haven’t got used to living abroad yet.
When I was at my grandparents’ cottage, I would wake
would (repeated past action and routine)
up early and go for a ride.

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1a Grammar: Tenses

8 Put the verbs in brackets into an appropriate 3 “You’re looking miserable.”


past tense. “I ....... on my thesis when my computer suddenly
crashed.”
0 He walked (walk) to the front of the stage, took
A was working C would work
(take) a bow and waved (wave) to the audience.
B used to work D have been working
1 Her clothes were soaked because she ................
.............................................. (walk) in the rain. 4 “Did you hear the rain last night?”
2 We ............................................ (not/enjoy) the “Yes, it ....... all night.”
play so we ..................................... (leave) early. A had been pouring C has poured
3 While you ....................................... (sleep) Joan B was pouring D was poured
............................................. (try) hard to finish 5 “Can’t we just order a nice bit of cod?”
her dissertation. “Don’t be ridiculous! We ....... all this way to eat
4 Susan and Tom ...................................... (meet) fish and chips.”
when they .............................................. (study) A haven’t been coming C aren’t coming
in Edinburgh 20 years ago. B haven’t come D hadn’t come
5 In June 1979 they ............................................. 6 “I love your car.”
(still/build) this shopping centre. “This old thing? We ....... it for fifteen years.”
6 They .................................. (walk) to the water's A had had C have had
edge, ........................................... (wade) in and B have been having D used to have
................................... (swim) to the other side. 7 “What’s wrong with Robert?”
7 While the soldiers .............................................. “I don’t know. He ....... up, slammed the door and
........................... (advance), they did not realise stormed out of the building.”
that the enemy ........................................ (plan) A got C was getting
a surprise attack. B has got D had got
8 The politician .....................................................
8 “Mary is having difficulty fitting in.”
(already/finish) his speech by the time the TV
“Well, I guess she ....... to this type of work.”
reporter ............................................ (arrive).
A didn’t use C doesn’t get used
9 By the time Monica ............................. (get) to
B isn’t used D hasn’t been used
the library, Elena ................................................
(already/do) all the research. 9 “Every Christmas Eve all the family ....... the tree
together.”
A would have decorated C had been decorating
CONVERSATIONAL GRAMMAR B would decorate D used to decorating
10 When I lived downtown, I ....... to the cinema
9 Choose the correct item. almost every night.
A was going C have been going
0 “Where’s Christine?”
B went D had been going
“I don’t know; she ....... the office fifteen minutes
11 Sue ....... from a severe bout of flu at the time.
ago.”
A recovered C would recover
A left C has left
B used to recover D was recovering
B had left D had been leaving
12 “How’s Peter doing?”
1 “Why didn’t Madeline show up at the party last night?”
“I don’t know. I ....... from him for months.”
“When I called her at 11:00, she ....... .”
A have to hear C haven't heard
A was still studying C would still study
B didn’t hear D don’t hear
B had still been studying D still studied
13 “Ted is so inconsiderate.”
2 Did you know that Oscar Wilde ....... in Paris during
“What ....... you say that, George?”
his final years?
A is making C makes
A has been living C had been living
B was making D had made
B had lived D lived
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1a Grammar: Tenses

10 Put the verbs in brackets into the appropriate 5 “Will you ....... with the audio-video equipment by
past tense. 12:30 pm?”
“Possibly, but I’ll let you know beforehand.”
If it 0) hadn’t been (not/be) for Louis, Joan’s trip to
Paris 1) ........................................................... (be) A finish C be finishing
a complete disaster. She 2) ....................................... B finished D have finished
............................. (not/meet) him before, but she 6 “George is in hospital.”
3) ................................ (be) certainly glad that she “Yes, I’ve heard he ....... good progress.”
had by the end of her stay. The first thing that A makes C will make
4) .................................... (happen) was that the B is making D would make
hotel where she 5) .................................... (plan) to
stay 6) ................................................ (not/receive) 7 “I’m getting my work permit next week.”
her booking, so they had no room for her. Then, as she “It’s about time. You ....... here for two months by
7) .................................... (try) to get a taxi to take then.”
her to another hotel, someone on a motorbike A are C will have been
8) ........................................ (snatch) her bag with all B will be D have been
her tickets and credit cards in it. As her French
8 “How do you like your sushi?”
9) ............................. (be) quite rusty, she 10) ..........
............................... (not/know) how to explain what “Well, it’s really different. It’s the first time I .......
11) ............................................... (happen). It was Japanese food.”
then that Louis 12) ................................................ A have eaten C am eating
(approach) her and 13) .................................... B eat D have been eating
(introduce) himself. 9 “Wasn’t sacking Mary rather harsh on his part?”
“Not really; he ....... her several times in the past.”
A had warned C warns
B was warning D will warn
CONVERSATIONAL GRAMMAR 10 “Where’s Jonathan?”
“He ....... to the travel agent’s.”
11 Choose the correct item. A has been C has been going
0 “Tina is still looking for a decent flat.” B has gone D had gone
“How long .......?”
A was she looking C had she looked
B is she looking D has she been looking
COLLOCATIONS
1 “Has Paul come to terms with his examination
results?” 12 Complete the expressions with words from the
“Yes. He ....... the fact that he’ll have to resit.” list below.
A had accepted C accepted
B has accepted D has been accepting • flout • devour • imitate • mow • raze
• concede • squirm • interrupt • heal
2 “Did you really have an awful time at the Jordans?”
“Yes. I ....... I’ll ever visit them again.” 0 to squirm with embarrassment
A don’t think C won’t be thinking 1 to ................................... a wound
B am not thinking D think not 2 to ................................... defeat
3 Gerald just can’t ....... working shifts. 3 to ................................... a meal
A used to C get used to 4 to ................................... a city
B be used D used to be 5 to ................................... the grass
6 to ................................... a speech
4 Alison feels healthier and fitter than she ....... .
7 to ................................... the law
A had C were
8 to ................................... sb's behaviour
B would D used to

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1a Grammar: Tenses

STRUCTURAL CONVERSION
1 I’ve never been given such a nice present before. 12 While I was walking down the street, I saw Mary.
It's the nicest present I’ve ever been given. While walking down the street, I saw Mary.
2 He’s never flown before. When I was walking down the street, I saw Mary.
It’s the first time he’s (ever) flown. It was while I was walking down the street that I saw
3 It’s/It’s been a long time since he visited us. Mary.
He hasn’t visited us for a long time. 13 Was there any response to his appeal?
4 When did you leave school? Did anyone respond to his appeal?
How long ago did you leave school? 14 The race takes place tomorrow.
How long is it since you left school? The race will/is going to be held/take place
5 The last time I saw her was a month ago. tomorrow.
I haven’t seen her for a month. The race is scheduled to take place/for tomorrow.
6 He joined the golf club ten months ago. 15 She started doing her homework as soon as her
He has been a member of the golf club for ten brother had left for school.
months. She started doing her homework when her brother
7 It’s a month since she moved to Austria. had left for school.
She moved to Austria a month ago. She didn't start (doing) her homework until her
8 She started English lessons a year ago. brother had left for school.
She has been taking/having English lessons for a year. She waited until her brother had left for school
It's a year since she started taking/having English before she started (doing) her homework/or before
lessons. starting to do ...
9 Having had dinner, I went to bed. Not until her brother had left for school did she
After having dinner, I went to bed. start (doing) her homework.
After I had had dinner, I went to bed. 16 When did you last have a haircut?
10 I think there will be a war soon. When was the last time you had a haircut?
In my opinion, there is going to be a war soon. 17 She wrote the book while she was on holiday.
If you ask me, there’s bound to be a war soon. She wrote the book during her holiday.
In my estimation, war is imminent. 18 I only slept for an hour last night.
11 I don't believe that he’ll agree. I only had an hour's sleep last night.
It’s my belief that he won’t agree. 19 It is certain that he'll pass his exams.
I have a feeling that he won’t agree. There is no doubt that he'll pass his exams.
There’s no reason to believe that he’ll agree. He is bound to pass his exams.

13 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word
given. Do not change the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the
word given.
1 It’s been months since I last spoke with Paul. 5 France hasn’t won a gold medal in this sport for
contact ages.
I haven’t ............................................................ time
............................................................ months. It’s ....................................................................
2 He has never felt so angry before. ........................................... medal in this sport.
ever 6 It is certain that he will compensate you for the
It’s .......................................................... angry. damage he has done.
3 She was going to hand in her notice when the boss bound
decided to promote her. He ....................................................................
point ................... to you for the damage he has done.
She .................................................................. 7 Stephen realised something terrible had happened
notice when the boss decided to promote her. as soon as he saw May crying.
4 He has tried to lose weight before. aware
first Stephen ............................................................
It’s .................................................................... .........................................................................
............................................................... a diet. as soon as he saw May crying.
13
CPE USE Ss_Unit 1_CPE USE Ss_Unit 1 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 14

1a Grammar: Tenses

15 Complete the second sentence so that it has


CONVERSATIONAL GRAMMAR a similar meaning to the first sentence, using
the word given. Do not change the word
14 Choose the correct item. given. You must use between three and eight
1 “John really ought to lose some weight.” words, including the word given.
“You’re right; he ....... very heavily during the walk 1 I believe the man you’re looking for is standing next
yesterday.” to us.
A was breathing C has been breathing feeling
B had breathing D had been breathing I .......................................................................
2 “I heard Roy and Alice had an argument.” ...................... to us is the one you’re looking for.
“Do you know what ......... it this time?” 2 Jeremy joined the cricket club a year ago.
A has started C had been starting member
B started D had started Jeremy’s ............................................................
3 “I wonder how Jeff is doing.” ............................................................... a year.
“I haven’t got a clue. It’s been a long time since I 3 It was proposed that a new leisure centre should
......... to him.” be built.
A have spoken C had spoken forward
B spoke D speaking They .................................................................
4 “It’s a pity she had to pull out of the competition.” ............................. to build a new leisure centre.
“Yes, especially since she ......... such excellent 4 The elections take place next Sunday.
progress.” scheduled
A is making C had been making The ...................................................................
B made D has been making ...................................................... next Sunday.
5 I believe there will be an economic crisis soon.
5 “Who’s going to collect your mail while you’re on
estimation
holiday?”
In .....................................................................
“I have ......... asked my cousin.”
.......................................................... imminent.
A ever C yet
6 The final question in part 6 wasn’t answered
B still D already
correctly by anyone.
6 “Did you get to see Frances in the end?” answer
“No. She ......... for the airport when I arrived at her Nobody .............................................................
home.” .........................................................................
A would leave C had already left the final question in part 6.
B had been leaving D left 7 Mozart started composing music during his early
7 “Helen moved to London last week.” childhood.
“Well, I suppose she’ll find it difficult to ......... on young
the left.” Mozart ..............................................................
A be used to driving C get used to driving ................................................................ child.
B use to drive D be used to drive 8 According to Dr Donovan, Rosie is bound to be
8 “How long have you been with Sears Ltd?” offered the position.
“By next month I ......... there for a year.” doubt
A will be working C am going to work According to Dr Donovan, ...................................
B have worked D will have been working .........................................................................
the position.
9 “Did you stay up late yesterday?”
9 He’s been writing the novel for nearly two years.
“Not really. I went to bed after Monica ......... .”
started
A was leaving C leaving
It is ..................................................................
B had left D has left
.......................................................... the novel.

14
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1b English in Use

16 Read the text below and think of the word 5 She doesn’t eat crisps or chocolate; she’s
which best fits each space. ................................. healthy food.
POST IN HISTORY 6 Our dog has been ................................. its food
for days now.
Although it may 0) come as a surprise to many people, 7 Do you know what’s ................................. at the
postal services have existed in various parts of the cinema tonight?
world for thousands of years. There is ample evidence 8 I don’t know what he’s been ................................,
to suggest that 1) ......................... the Assyrians and but he looks very embarrassed.
Babylonians had postal services. In China, a regular
postal service was established in the seventh century
BC, which attained such a high level of efficiency PHRASAL VERBS 2
2) .................................................... the centuries
act on: do whatever is advised/suggested
that, some 2,000 years after its institution, it was
act up (inf): behave awkwardly or badly/not
winning the admiration of European explorers like
work properly
Marco Polo. Efficient postal services were also
answer (sb) respond rudely to sb
established in the Persian and Roman empires,
back (inf):
3) .............................. these services were mainly
confined to members of the state; private citizens had answer for: be responsible for sth/pay
for/vouch for
to make 4) .............................. with slaves and
merchants to deliver their correspondence. In medieval answer to: be under the command of sb/
Europe, official postal services were organised by have the characteristics described
emperors and the papacy. 5) .............................. as in back down: cease to oppose or demand
ancient times, though, private citizens continued to back out (of): withdraw (from)
entrust their correspondence 6) .............................. back up: support/confirm
various travellers. It wasn’t until the fourteenth century bear on (f): be relevant to/affect
AD that merchants – those private citizens with the bear with: be patient
greatest need for a speedy and regular exchange of
correspondence – began to 7) .............................. up
regular courier services. The needs of business led to 18 Fill in the correct preposition(s) or adverb.
the development of the postal service 8) .....................
0 The Minister’s statement does not bear on this
we know it today.
case in any way.
1 The Prime Minister said that he would speak to his
PHRASAL VERBS 1 advisors and then act ................ their advice.
2 You can't change your mind now. It's too late to
17 Look at Appendix 1 and fill in one of the
back ................ the deal.
prepositions or adverbs below.
3 The plant manager answers directly ................ the
• beneath • off • up to • in for • in with head of the company.
• down on • on • down with • into 4 I was prepared to back ................ her story
because I knew it was the truth.
0 Susan gets all the perks because she's in with the
5 The baby has been acting ................ all day. I think
administration.
she must be teething.
1 She feels it is ................................. her to
6 The accused will answer ................ his actions in
socialise with uneducated people.
the highest court in the land.
2 As a vegetarian, Paul is .................................
7 Faced with such formidable opposition to his proposal,
people who eat meat.
he had no choice but to back ................ .
3 He’ll be ................................. it when his parents
8 I was always in trouble for answering ................
discover he took the money.
when I was at school.
4 Half the staff are ................................. the flu
9 If you can bear ................ me a little longer, I'll try
this week.
to explain the reasons behind our actions.
15
CPE USE Ss_Unit 1_CPE USE Ss_Unit 1 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 16

1b English in Use

IDIOMS/FIXED PHRASES 1 IDIOMS/FIXED PHRASES 2


all but: nearly, almost/except take sth into consider sth
all in (inf): exhausted account:
all told: altogether on account of: because of
for all: in spite of on no account: under no circumstances
of all people: used to express annoyance/ on this/that for this/that reason
surprise because a certain account:
person was thought to be on the air: broadcasting
unsuitable (opp.: off the air)
all along: from the beginning
in the air: existing, but not talked about
all the same: yet, however
up in the air: uncertain
all in all: when everything is considered
clear the air: remove suspicion or bad feeling
for all I know: as far as I know
be up in arms: be very angry
for all I care: I don’t care
on the alert: on the look-out; expecting sth

19 Fill in the blanks with one of the idioms/fixed 20 Fill in the blanks with one of the idioms/fixed
phrases. phrases.
0 I’ve all but finished; just give me a few minutes. 0 Instead of bottling up your feelings, let’s talk about
1 ....................................., it seemed to be quite a it and clear the air.
good suggestion. 1 The fire fighters are always ................................
2 He promised to come to the party on Friday; for forest fires, particularly in the summer.
........................................................................, 2 There’s a feeling of anticipation ..........................
I don’t think we should count on him. at the moment.
3 ..................................... his hard work, he didn’t 3 The villagers are ................................. about the
get a promotion. proposed motorway.
4 I don’t know how they found out, but they’ve known 4 I haven’t been able to travel much lately
about it ....................................... . ................................ my car having broken down.
5 I’ve been reading this newspaper for ten years 5 His future is still ...............................................;
........................................ . he can’t decide whether to become a surgeon or a
6 She told me her name was Joan but ................... psychiatrist.
............................................ she could be lying. 6 You must ................................... his educational
7 I don’t think I’ll go out tonight. I’m .................... . background ............................................... when
8 I never expected you .......................................... deciding what work to give him.
to say such a thing! 7 The meeting tomorrow is very important;
9 You can take the whole lot ............................... . .........................................................................
should you be late.
8 There’s been a hurricane in Manila, and all flights
have been cancelled ........................................ .
9 You can’t go into the studio just yet as the
programme is still ............................................ .

16
CPE USE Ss_Unit 1_CPE USE Ss_Unit 1 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 17

1b English in Use

23 Complete the second sentence so that it has


PREPOSITIONS a similar meaning to the first sentence, using
21 Look at Appendix 5 and fill in the blanks with the word given. Do not change the word
the correct preposition. given. You must use between three and eight
words, including the word given.
0 The cinema which was adjacent to the bank was
1 The suspect could not explain why he had sand in
badly damaged in the earthquake.
his boots.
1 The child showed no animosity ...........................
account
her new stepbrother.
The suspect ......................................................
2 What you’re saying amounts ...............................
...................................................... in his boots.
blackmail.
2 What he told me made me very curious to hear the
3 Mr Parker was arrested ......................................
rest of the story.
exceeding the speed limit.
appetite
4 She is finding it difficult to adjust .......................
What he told me ................................................
the climate.
.......................................................... the story.
5 Your calculations do not accord ..........................
3 I don’t mind staying in on a Saturday night if I have
mine.
good company.
6 She was very appreciative ..................................
averse
all the support she got from her friends.
I’m ....................................................................
7 I was totally abashed .........................................
......................... night if I have good company.
my mistakes.
4 Miss Hayes will explain the day-to-day running of
8 His abstinence ...................................... caffeine
the office to you.
lasted only two months.
acquaint
9 I have an aversion ................................ spiders.
Miss Hayes .......................................................
.......................................... running of the office.
22 Look at Appendix 5 and fill in the blanks with 5 I don’t know how I can make it up to you for
the correct preposition. spoiling your plans.
1 The recommendations are based ........................ amends
a recent Home Office report. I don’t know ......................................................
2 My little sister still believes ................................ ........................................................ your plans.
Father Christmas. 6 It is a foregone conclusion that Mark will get the job.
3 Beware ................................ the strong currents saying
when swimming in this area. It ......................................................................
4 I bumped .................................... a door and got ............................................................. the job.
a black eye. 7 Our teacher doesn’t like it when we leave the
5 The tourists bartered ......................................... classroom without asking first.
the souvenirs at the local market. approve
6 When the children arrived at the fair, they made a Our teacher .......................................................
beeline ...................................... the ghost train. ........................................... without asking first.
7 There’s a ban ........................................... using 8 Those official files cannot be seen by the public
hosepipes during the drought. until the end of the decade.
8 The cat basked ................................... the warm access
sunshine. The public .........................................................
9 He continually boasts ........................................ .........................................................................
his fantastic job. files until the end of the decade.
10 The man begged his wife ................................... 9 Being her only niece, Ann is very precious to her.
forgiveness. apple
Being her only niece, ..........................................
.................................................................. eye.
17
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1b English in Use

10 You need to consider the fact that he hasn’t


spoken French for years. FIXED PHRASES
allowances held in abeyance (f): halted temporarily
You need to .......................................................
be of/have no fixed be homeless
..................... he hasn’t spoken French for years. abode (f):
11 Sheila was the only one who came up with a
out and about: 1) outdoors
solution to the problem.
2) travelling from one place to
succeeded another
Only Sheila ........................................................
in the abstract: in a general way
.................................................. to the problem.
of its own accord: automatically
12 I was surprised not to see Meg at the party but I
later heard she was ill. agree to differ/ stop arguing because there is
disagree: no chance of agreement
apparently
I was surprised that Meg .................................... in arrears: have not paid the money they
........................................................ she was ill. owe
13 I know this route looks dangerous but I can’t think cast aspersions (f): criticise
of a better option. cost an arm and be very expensive
alternative a leg (inf):
However dangerous this route looks, ................... be thrown off be surprised/confused
......................................................................... balance:
think of. on the ball: alert
14 Because of the lack of co-operation, he decided to
below the belt: cruel and unfair
leave the project unfinished.
abandon be beside oneself to be extremely angry/excited
with anger/
He chose ..........................................................
excitement:
...................................... to lack of co-operation.
bide one’s time: wait for a good opportunity
15 Helen won’t be happy till she gets a full refund.
than in the black: not owing anybody any money
Nothing ............................................................. (opp.: in the red)
............................................................... Helen. blaze a trail: discover/explore sth new
16 I always think about transport costs when job on the blink (inf): not working properly (of
hunting. electrical equipment)
consideration go by the board: be rejected/ignored/no longer
I always ............................................................ possible
.............................................. when job hunting. cut to the bone: reduced to the/a minimum
17 Becky didn’t tell you because she assumed you out of bounds: prohibited, forbidden (place)
already knew.
pick someone’s ask sb to help with a
granted
brain(s) (inf): problem/extract information
Becky didn’t tell you ...........................................
from an expert
.............................................. you already knew.
18 How would you deal with such a challenge?
presented
What .................................................................
.............................................. such a challenge?
19 The neighbours will look after our house while we
are away.
eye
The neighbours ..................................................
............................................. while we are away.
18
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1b English in Use

24 Complete the sentences using one of the 6 I’m not sure I can answer that. I’ve only thought
fixed phrases in an appropriate form. about it in the ....... before.
A general C indefinite
1 If you ................................................................
B hypothetical D abstract
until the market improves, you’ll get a better return
on your investment. 7 You’ll never convince me! We’ll just have to ....... to
2 Doctors in World War II ....................................... differ.
in plastic surgery techniques. A agree C admit
3 Ben’s dreams of a university education ............... B consider D consent
................................................................ when 8 The entire staff was thrown off ....... by the
his father died and he was forced to earn a living. announcement of the takeover.
4 The swimming pool is ........................................ A composure C stable
to all pupils unless accompanied by a teacher. B disarray D balance
5 A holiday in the UK ............................................
....................................................... these days. WORD USAGE
6 My TV has been .................................................
all week. I’ll have to call a repairman. 26 Choose the correct item.
7 Households that are more than six months .........
1 A small dog went for my ankles but I adroitly
............................................ with their mortgage
managed to dodge/shirk/slip/duck it.
repayments will face repossession of their homes.
2 We all have to work harder because he’s always
8 You don’t need to worry. This kind of rash will
evading/ducking/shirking/dodging his duties.
usually clear up ............................................... .
3 The Prime Minister managed to shirk/dodge/
9 Costs must be ...................................................
duck/evade any tricky questions.
if the company is to survive the economic downturn.
4 The damp has affected/swayed/influenced/
10 It’s nice to see him ............................................
impressed his health; he’s got rheumatism.
again after his illness.
5 I’m sure that living with a vegetarian has swayed/
influenced/affected/impressed me to eat less
25 Choose the correct item. meat.
1 During winter the shelters are full of people of no 6 Before I pay for the painting, I need proof that it is a(n)
fixed ....... . real/valid/authentic/natural Picasso, not a copy.
A residence C home 7 He may appear to be authentic/natural/genuine/
B abode D domicile real but in fact he’s a compulsive liar.
2 Until your finances are in the ........., it’s not a good 8 If you have stomach problems it is best to avoid
idea to take out a loan. rich/extravagant/affluent/lavish food.
A credit C profit 9 I was rather embarrassed when John gave me such
B funds D black a(n) well-off/extravagant/rich/affluent gift.
10 The country derives the majority of its revenue from
3 The matter has been left in ....... until the legal
one stock/ware/merchandise/commodity – coffee.
ramifications have been explored.
A recess C abeyance
B suspension D waiting COLLOCATIONS
4 It was an extremely hostile article which cast .......
on the conduct of the entire cabinet. 27 Fill in artificial, false.
A criticism C disapproval 0 false teeth 6 ........................ light
B aspersions D abuse 1 .................. passport 7 .................... flowers
5 Could I pick your ....... on the subject before the 2 ...................... alarm 8 ....................... belief
meeting? 3 ...................... beard 9 ..................... pearls
A brains C head 4 ........................ note 10 .............. impression
B mind D intellect 5 ....................... limbs 11 ................. additives
19
CPE USE Ss_Unit 1_CPE USE Ss_Unit 1 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 20

1c Practice Test

28 Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap.

A VOLTE FACE
B everywhere that animal fats were, quite literally, a 1) ........ sin.
It has long been the mantra of health 0) ........
The general public received many a 2) ........ warning from the medical establishment that animal fats directly
contributed to high levels of blood cholesterol, which is a major contributor to arteriosclerosis and heart
disease.
Guidelines were produced 3) ........ such advice as: avoid eating more than a couple of eggs a week, stick
4) ........ low-fat dairy products and 5) ........ fatty meat products to an absolute minimum.
But all of this well-meaning advice has been 6) ........ out of the water by new findings that suggest that there
is, in fact, no connection whatsoever between the cholesterol content of food and how cholesterol is produced
in the blood 7) ........ . Diet is but one of a considerable number of factors, the most important being the
8) ........ effects of other lifestyle choices, such as whether you smoke or drink, and how much exercise you
get.

0 A tutors B gurus C sages D elders


1 A lethal B killer C deadly D fatal
2 A stern B rigid C hard D rough
3 A increasing B stretching C prolonging D extending
4 A by B in C to D at
5 A have B keep C let D hold
6 A blown B shattered C torn D exploded
7 A canal B flow C stream D course
8 A unified B assembled C motley D cumulative

29 Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each
space.
SLEEP

Are you one of those people who toss and turn all night, 0) unable to get to sleep? Although many people who
have sleeping problems, either chronic or occasional, automatically reach for sleeping pills when they sense a
difficult night 1) .......................................... of them, a number turn to natural remedies, which are not only
cheaper but safer 2) .............................. the long run. Most poor sleepers will, at some point, have tried the
well-known trick of consuming a hot drink such as milk before going to bed. But 3) .............................. are
aware of the more unusual folk remedies that can help them 4) .............................. their way to a restful
night’s sleep. One effective remedy involves running very cold water over the forearms and lower legs for
several minutes just before hopping into bed. The shock of the cold 5) .............................. by the warmth of
the bed relaxes the body and leads to drowsiness. Another unusual approach has to do with eating – or,
6) .................................. precisely, chewing. Eating an apple just before bedtime, taking particular care to
chew the peel slowly and thoroughly, can help eyelids droop. The reason? Apple peel contains a natural
substance which induces relaxation. Not only that, the chewing action is relaxing in 7) ............................. .
Other than that, meditation, stretching, reading and even walking around prove helpful for many people. In
short, there are many ways to avoid the pill-popping route. And if all 8) .............................. fails, you can
always try counting sheep!

20
CPE USE Ss_Unit 1_CPE USE Ss_Unit 1 9/19/13 5:35 PM Page 21

1c Practice Test

30 Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word
that fits in the space in the same line.

INTERPRETING HISTORY

One of the most common problems students face in learning to become 0) thoughtful THINK
readers of historical narrative is ridding themselves of the desire to find the one ‘right’
answer, the one essential fact, the one 1) ................................................. interpretation. AUTHORITY
These problems are, of course, deeply rooted in the way textbooks present history; as a
2) .......................................... of facts marching straight to a settled outcome. To SUCCEED
overcome these problems requires teaching students to look at more than one source; to
use the rich 3) .............................................. of historical documents available that VARY
present alternative accounts, voices, and 4) .............................................. on the past. LOOK
Because history is a dialogue amongst historians not just about what events took place in
the past, but about how and why those events 5) .............................................., what we FOLD
know and believe about the past constantly changes. Because of this, some philosophers
argue that history is too 6) .............................................. to be of much value. But SUBJECT
absolute truth is a rare commodity in this world. It is no less available from history than it
is from other academic fields, like science. 7) .............................................. historians CONSCIENCE
are aware of the pitfalls in their search for historical truth and try to avoid them. Likewise,
students of history who are aware of the subject’s inherent 8) .......................................... LIMIT
are better prepared to study and interpret it.

31 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word
given. Do not change the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the
word given.

0 Nobody spoke when the teacher asked who the 4 They chose not to drive because they thought there
culprit was. would be too much snow.
remained fear
Everyone remained silent when the teacher They chose ........................................................
asked who the culprit was. ................................................. too much snow.
1 My boss says I can use his car whenever I want to, so 5 I’m sick of that programme; I’ve watched it too
long as I’m careful. often.
disposal off
My boss ............................................................ I’ve ...................................................................
......................................, so long as I’m careful. ...................................; I’ve watched it too often.
2 The news was a shock to us. 6 I never have enough time these days.
aback short
We .................................................................... I .......................................................................
................................................................ news. ....................................................... these days.
3 James realised that he could never be an architect.
cut
James realised ..................................................
...................................................... an architect.

21

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