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CON TEC Comissão d e Normalizaçã o Té cnica SC - 04 Civil Co nstruction

CON TEC

Comissão de Normalizaçã o Té cnica

SC - 04

Civil Co nstruction

-P UBLIC-

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-47

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09 / 2 012

 

Georef erence d Topo graphic Surve y

 
 

Procedur e

 

This Standard rep laces and ca ncels its previ ous revision.

 

The

CONTEC

-

Authoring

Subcommit tee

provides

guidance

on the

inter pretation of t his Standard

when questio ns arise regar rding its conte nts. The

Dep artment of PE TROBRAS th at uses this S tandard is re sponsible for adopting

and applying the s sections, subs ections and e numerates th ereof.

 

Tec hnical Requi rement: A p rovision esta

lished as th e most adeq uate and with this Stan ndard. If a de cision is

whic h shall be us sed strictly in

accordance

take n not to follow

the requirem ent (“non-con formity” to thi s Standard) it shall be

base d on well-fou nded econo

ic and mana gement reas ons, and be a pproved

and registered by the Departm ent of PETRO BRAS that u ses this Stand ard. It is

char acterized by i mperative

nat ure.

 

Reco mmended P ractice: A pro vision that m ay be adopted d under the co nditions

of th is Standard,

but which ad mits (and dr aws attention

to) the poss ibility of this Standard ) to the

there

being a mo re adequate

alternative (n ot written in

parti cular applicati on. The alter native adopte d shall be app proved and re gistered

by th e Departmen t of PETROB RAS that use s this Standa rd. It is chara cterized

by v erbs of a

nonmandator y

nature.

It

is

indicated

by the exp ression:

[Rec ommended P Practice].

 

Copi es of the regi stered “non-c onformities” t

this Standar d that may c ontribute

to th e improveme nt thereof sh all be subm tted to the C CONTEC - A uthoring

Subc ommittee.

 

Prop osed revisio ns to this S tandard shall

be submitte d to the CO NTEC -

Auth oring Subcom mmittee, indic ating the alph anumeric ide ntification and

revision

of t he Standard,

the section,

subsection

nd enumera te to be revi sed, the

prop osed text, an d technical/e conomic justi fication for re vision. The p roposals

are

evaluated duri ing the work f or alteration o f this Standar d.

 

“Thi s Standard

is exclusiv e property

of

Petróleo

Brasileiro

S. A. -

PET ROBRAS, in ternal appli cation and

PETROBRA S Subsidiari es and

shal l be used by

its supplier s of goods

and services

under cont racts or

simi lar under the e conditions established in Bidding, C Contract, Agr eement or s milar. The use of this S tandard by o ther compan ies / organiz ations / gove rnment age ncies and ind ividuals is th e sole respo nsibility of t he users ”

d ividuals is t h e sole respo nsibility of t he users ” I n

I ntroductio n

PETRO BRAS Tech nical Stand ards are pre pared by W orking Grou ps - WG

Subsidiari es), are

the Authori ing Subcom mittees -

Company U nits and

its Subsi diaries), and ratified by t he Executiv e Nucleus (c onsisting of representati ives of the C ompany Units an d its Subsidi aries). A PE TROBRAS T echnical Sta ndard is su ject to revis ion at any ti me by its

Authorin g Subcommi ttee and sha ll be review ed every 5 PETROB RAS Tech nical Stand ards are p repared in

Standard

with PET ROBRAS T echnical

SCs (con sisting of te chnicians fr om the sam e specialty,

commen ted by Com pany Units a nd its Subsi diaries, are approved b

(consistin ng specializ ed of Tec hnical Colla aborators fr om Compa ny and its

representing the various

years to be r evalidated,

accordance

revised or c ancelled.

N-1. For c omplete info rmation abo ut PETROB RAS Techni cal Standard s see PETR OBRAS

Technica l Standards Catalog.

Standar d s see PETR OBRAS Technica l Standards Catalog. PROPE R TY OF PET ROBRAS

PROPER TY OF PET ROBRAS

27 pa ges, Index

of Revisions and WG

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 Summary Foreword

-P UBLIC-

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Summary

Foreword

4

1 Scope

4

2 Norma tive Referen ces

 

4

3 Terms and Definiti ons

5

4 Gener al Condition s

6

4.1 Execution Procedure

6

4.2 Equipmen t

7

4.3

3

Basic Sup port

7

4.4

Topograp hic Referenc es

7

4.4.1

Topo graphic Mar kers

7

4.4.1.1 Types of Ma rkers

7

4.4.1.2 Use of Mark ers

8

4.4.1.3 Identification

of Markers and Conten ts of their Ge odetic Mon ographs

8

4.4.1.4 Location of

Markers

8

4.4.1.5 Seating and Specificatio n of Markers

9

4.4.1.6 Preservation

of Topogra phic Marker s

9

4.4.2 Picke ts

10

4.4.3 Core Sampling S take

10

4.5

5

Principal P olygonal

10

4.6

6

Secondar y Polygonal

10

4.7

7

Distances and Angles

10

4.7.1 Linea r and Angul ar Measurem ments

10

4.7.2 Altim etry

10

4.8

8 Tolerance s - Topogra phic Survey

in Areas or Strips Earm arked for th e Implemen tation of

11

the Defini tive Design

4.8.1 Linea r Closing

11

4.8.2 Linea r

Closing

of Strips

11

4.8.3 Angu lar Closing

11

4.8.4 Altim etric Closing

11

5 Specif ic Condition s

11

5.1

Georefere nced Topog raphic Surve y of Areas

11

5.1.1 Plani altimetry

11

5.1.2 Resti tution and P

12

5.1.2.1 Macro Locat ion Drawing

12

5.1.2.2 Area Plan

12

Topographic

5.1.2.3 Plan(s)

12

5.1.2.4 Drawings of Special Are as

13

5.1.2.5 Drawing of t he Scheme of Support P olygonals a

d Principal

Polygonals

13

5.1.2.6 Supplement ary Docume nts

13

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012   5.2

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5.2

Georefere nced Topog raphic Surve y of Strips

 

13

 

5.2.1 Rese arch and Se lection of Ba sic Support

14

5.2.2 Imple mentation o f Mainline

 

14

5.2.2.1 Principal Po lygonal

14

5.2.2.2 Secondary

olygonal

14

5.2.3 Staki ng out of Ma inline

 

14

5.2.4 Level ing of Strip

Centerline

15

5.2.5 Phys ical

Register

15

5.2.6 Surv ey of Land a nd Water Cr ossings

 

15

5.2.7 Geor eferenced R ecording of Accesses to Pipeline Rig ht of Way

16

5.2.8 Resti tution and P resentation

of Georefere nced Topog raphic Surve ys of Strips

17

5.2.8.1 Macro Locat ion Drawing - General P lan

 

17

5.2.8.2 Key Plan Dr awings

 

17

5.2.8.3 Articulation

Plan

18

5.2.8.4 Plan Drawin g and Gene ral Profile

 

18

5.2.8.5 General Pro file Drawing

 

18

5.2.8.6 Plan and Pr ofile Drawing s

 

18

5.2.8.7 Special Surv ey Drawing s

 

19

5.2.8.8 Final Report

19

5.2.8.9 Report of IP Coordinates

 

20

5.2.8.10 Field Bookl et

20

 

5.3 3 Topograp hic Survey w ith Arbitrary Coordinate System

 

20

5.4

Topograp hic-Cadastra l Surveys

 

21

6

Inspec tion, Accept ance and Re jection

21

Annex

A - Figures

 

22

 

Figures

Figure A. 1 - Topogra phic Marker Type A

 

22

Figure A. 2 - Topogra phic Marker Type B

23

Figure A. 3 - Topogra phic Marker Type C (Pre -Cast)

24

Figure A. 4 - Deep Le vel Referenc e - Schema tic Cross Se ction

25

Figure A. 5 - DLR He ad Housing

26

Figure A. 6 - Preserva tion of Topo graphic Mar kers Installe d on Strips o r External A

reas

27

Forewo rd -P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012

Forewo rd

-P UBLIC-

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English ver sion (issued

case of d oubt, the P ortuguese ve rsion, which be used.

This Sta ndard is the

in 04/2014 ) of PETRO BRAS N-47 is the valid document f or all intents

REV. J 04/ 2012. In and purpos es, shall

1

Scop e

1.1

performa nce of geore ferenced to pographic su rvey service s.

This

Standard

specifies th e required

conditions

supplementi ng ABNT

NBR 13133

or the

1.2

This

Standard

 

specifies

th e

required

conditions

for

installa tion

of

dee ep

level

re ferences

(Benchm

ark).

1.3

Serv

ices

to

be

performe d

with

sup port

of

G

NSS

statio ns

shall

f ollow

PETR OBRAS

1.4 This Standard ap plies to des igns started as of their d ate of issuan ce.

1.5 This Standard

co ntains only Technical R equirements .

2 Norm ative Refe rences

The follo wing referen ced docume nts are indi spensable fo r the applica tion of this

reference es, only the edition cited applies. Fo r undated re ferences, th e latest editi on of the re ferenced

document. F or dated

documen t applies.

Ministério d o Desenvol vimento Agr ário (MDA) - Norma Té cnica para de Imóveis Rurais;

Georreferenc iamento

PETROBR AS N-381 - E xecution of Drawing and

Other Gen eral Technic al Documen ts;

PETROBR AS N-845 -

eotechnical

Investigatio n;

PETROBR AS N-1041 - Cadastrame nto

Topográfico -Cadastral;

de

Imóv eis

em

Levan tamento

PETROBR AS N-2200

- Sinalizaç ão de

Duto s, Faixa e

Área de

Domínio de

Duto e

Instalação

Terrestre de Produção;

 

PETROBR AS N-2698 - Elaboração de Serviços Georrefere

ciados;

PETROBR AS N-2726 - Dutos;

PETROBR AS N-2908 - Dados Amb ientais Geor referenciado s;

NOTE

ABNT NBR 6484 - Solo - Sondagen s de Simple s Reconheci mentos com

SPT;

ABNT NBR 13133 - Ex

cução de L evantamento

Topográfic o.

For docum ents referre d in this St andard and

available, t he PETROB RAS depart ment that us es this Stan dard should information required for the specific application.

for which

only the Po rtuguese v ersion is

be consulte d for any

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 3 Term

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3 Term s and Defi nitions

For the

PETROB RAS N-269 8 and N-272 6 apply, sup plemented b y the conditi ons describ ed in 3.1 to 3 .17.

purposes o f this docu ment, the f ollowing ter ms and de finitions of

ABNT NBR

13133,

3.1

azimuth horizonta l angle mea sured in the clockwise di rection from north to the reference al lignment

3.2

“benchm ark” deep lev el reference

3.3

meridian

convergen ce

relations hip between reference e to the north

the true a zimuth (in

of the grid)

reference to

the true n orth)

and t he

grid azi muth (in

3.4

“DATUM ” Surface r eference for horizontal ( X, Y) and ve rtical (Z) con trol of point s

3.5

magneti c declinatio n

variable

the Earth

angle forme d between t he magnetic

meridian a nd the geog raphic or as tronomic me ridian of

3.6

georefer encing Assignm ent of geode tic coordina tes to the el ements setti ng the boun daries of pro perties and rights of

way

3.7

magneti c north site in th e North-Sou th direction, whose dire ction points at the north ern magnet ic pole of th e Earth,

of friction a nd local

that is, it sources

is the direc tion indicat ed by the n eedle of a c ompass in t he absence of attraction

3.8

grid nort th direction perpendicul ar to the equ ator on cart ographic pla ns

3.9

true nort th the direc tion of the g eographical

north pole of the Earth

3.10

support polygonal polygona l which has the goal of c onveying co ordinates an d altitudes f rom basic su upport statio ns to the

relevant vertices of th e principal p olygonal

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 3.11 principa

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3.11

principa l polygonal polygona l that serves

or strip

as support and planialti metric contr ol for all sur veys to be c arried out in the area

3.12

seconda ry polygon al Polygona l which has its origin an d its end on

the vertices of the princip al polygona l

3.13

restituti on stage in topographic survey cons isting of plo tting an area by using photogramm etric metho ds or direct f ield survey

3.14

Deep Le vel Referen ce (DLR) unsettlab le fixed poin t used for co ntrol of settl ements

or strip in p lanialtimetry , to a unifor m scale,

3.15

Referen ce Geodesi c System fo r South Am erica (SIRG AS 2000) official re ference syst em of “DAT UM”

3.16

topo-bat

hymetry

determin ation of the

relief of the b ottom of a ri iver, lake or sea

3.17

“Global Navigation Satellite Sy stem (GNSS S)”

system c apable of l ocating the

electrom agnetic wav es of a netw ork of satellit es

coordinates

of a point

4 Gene ral Conditi ons

based on t

e informati on conveye

on the

For the

PETROB RAS N-269 8 are adopt ed, as well

Standard for Georefe rencing of R ural Propert ies, comple mented by 4. 1 to 4.8.

purposes o f this Stan dard, the g eneral con ditions set

out in ABN T NBR 13 133 and

as the gene ral consider ations indica ted in the T echnical

For geot echnical ser vices for ins tallation of adopted.

DLR, the co nditions set out in PET ROBRAS N -845 are

4.1 Exe cution Proc edure

The exe cution proce dure for ge oreferenced informati on:

topographic surveys sh all contain a t least the

a) objectiv e: definition

b) applicab le

c) terms an d definitions ;

d) equipme nt used;

e) definitio n of basic su pport netwo rk;

f) topogra phic referenc es (type and d usage);

of the basic

goal of the s urvey;

standards and docum ents;

following

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 g) toleranc

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g) toleranc es;

h) methodo logy for per formance of services;

i) results o f services;

j) safety, o ccupational health and e nvironment al requireme nts;

k) technica l staff emplo yed in the e xecution of s ervices.

4.2 Equ ipment

4.2.1 All

and thei r accuracy

certificat e is not appli cable to the GNSS.

measureme nt devices s hall be in p erfect order, shall be pe riodically cal librated and gauged,

libration

shall be co mpatible wit h establishe d tolerance s. The gau ging and c

4.2.2 In addition to t he equipmen t mentioned in the ABN T NBR 1313 3, the GNSS shall be inc luded as

basic eq uipment for l ocating plan imetric and a altimetric coo rdinates.

4.2.3 Th e gauging a nd calibratio n certificate for the devi ces shall be valid for up

their date

of issuance .

4.3 Basi c Support

to six mont hs as of

4.3.1 Th e georefere nced topogra phic survey shall refer t o the Brazilia n Geodesic System (SG B).

4.3.2

paramete ers for this “ DATUM” are defined by P PETROBRA S.

At

the option

of PETROB RAS, anoth er “DATUM ” may be a dopted, and d the transf ormation

4.3.3

All

selected h orizontal an d vertical s upport statio ns shall be

previously

checked “in

situ” in

consultat ion with the

respective

agencies,

and they s hall be mat erialized and d described

through

papers c ontaining at least the info rmation outl lined in 4.4.1 .3.

 

4.3.4

Th e coordinat es and altit udes shall b be transport ed as far a s the areas

and strips

through

support

polygonals

with accurac y equal to

or greater t han that de termined by y the design

for the

principal polygonal.

4.4 Top ographic Re ferences

4.4.1 To pographic

Markers

At least t wo topogra phic markers

shall be in stalled at sit es chosen b y PETROB RAS. These markers

shall allo w for recipr ocal sighting s and shall

comply with the toleran ce limits set forth in 4.8.

Type A

intermed iate topogra phic markers

shall be ins talled on the

rights of wa y at every 5 km.

4.4.1.1 T ypes of Ma rkers

Dependi ng on the go al that they are designe d to achiev e, the topog raphic mark ers shall fall following categories:

into the

a) type “A” markers (40 kg) - as per Figure A.1

b) type “B” markers (75 0 kg) - as pe er Figure A.2 of Annex A of this Stan dard;

of Annex A of this Stan dard;

d) DLR ma rkers - as pe r Figure A.4 of Annex A of this Stan

c) type “C” markers (20 0 kg) - as p er Figure A.3

of Annex A o f this Stand ard;

ard.

4.4.1.2 U se of Mark e rs -P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E

4.4.1.2 Use of Mark ers

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a) type “A”

markers - t hese shall b e used in t he basic de sign phase,

study phase s of the

basic ro ute, implem entation of t he definitive

route, and

intermediate

markers in

pipeline

right of

way;

 

b) type “B”

markers -

these shall

be used in

the implem entation ph ase of the

definitive

design o f the areas

or extremitie s and branc hes of strips;

c) markers -

type “C

are an optio n to type “ B”; they are

lighter and

shall be ins talled at

points to

be selected at the optio n of PETRO BRAS;

 

d) DLR ma rkers - thes e shall be us ed in sites s ubject to se ttlement, wit h a view to ensuring

where the i nstallation o f other type s of marke rs is not

the relia bility of the recomm ended.

reference,

4.4.1.3 I dentificatio n of Marker s and Conte ents of their Geodetic M onographs

4.4.1.3.1 Topograph ic markers

steel plat es containin g the inform ation indicat ed on the de tail of Figure A.3

of types A,

B and C sh all be identi fied through

4.4.1.3.2 Monograp hs of topogra phic marke rs of types A , B and C s hall contain

bronze or

stainless

at least the following

informati on:

a)

numberi ng of marke r;

 

b)

altitude

and coordin ates in the

UTM (Univ ersal Transv erse Merca tor) and ge ographic

systems , in “DATUM ” SAD 69, S SIRGAS 200 0;

c)

sketche s showing lo cation and d escription of access;

d)

date of i mplementati on and pers on responsib le for execu tion.

4.4.1.3.3

For DLR m arkers, a in stallation re port shall be

presented, comprising

a

descriptiv e part, a

location

drawing, and a schemati c profile dra wing of the in stallation.

 

4.4.1.3.4

In the des criptive part of DLR ma rkers, there

shall be all

information

about the s ounding

performa nce, driving of DLR, and other notes .

4.4.1.3.5 In the locat ion drawing of DLR mar kers, it shall be provided the coordin ates and ele vation of

DLR hea d.

4.4.1.3.6 In the sch ematic prof ile drawing

installatio n elevations , indicated o n the side o f the respec tive soundin g profile perf ormed.

for installa tion of

DLR ,

it shall

b e

provided

4.4.1.4 L ocation of Markers

all pipe

4.4.1.4.1

Topograph ic markers

of types A,

B and C sh all be install ed in access sible sites w hich are

safe from

the point

of view of t heir

preser vation. All t he vertices

of the princi pal polygon al which

coincide

with the ve rtices of the

secondary

polygonal,

extremities

of strips an d any other

point of

interest f or planimetr ic and altim etric referen ce shall be

pipeline r ight of way, markers sha ll be installe d within the right of way, on its side, whenever p ossible.

materialized through top ographic ma rkers. In

4.4.1.4.2 The installa tion location for DLR ma rkers shall b e selected a ccording to:

a) points w hich settlem ents are to

be measure d, so as it is

of auxili ary pickets to

read the se ttlements;

necessary the smallest number

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 b) the

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b) the soun ding report of the area areas or works in pr ogress.

adjacent to t he work, an d preferably out of vehic le traffic

4.4.1.5 S eating and Specificati on of Marke rs

4.4.1.5.1 When seat ing the mar kers, attenti on shall be

prevent a ny possible displaceme nts.

paid to their foundation

conditions,

so as to

4.4.1.5.2 DLR shall

2 1/2” or 3”, perf ormed in ac cordance wit th ABNT NB R 6484 and PETROBRA S N-845.

be installed t hrough a ge otechnical p ercussion so unding hole , with coatin g pipe of

4.4.1.5.3 DLR shall

or 3” - coating - is intended to protect the i nternal pipe of 1” - ste m -, as indic ated in Figu re A.4 of Annex A.

be made of two concent ric galvaniz ed steel pipe s. The exte rnal pipe of 2 1/2”

4.4.1.5.4 The DLR

correspo nding to the

rates equ al to or abo ve 30/30 are obtained in the last 4 m .

stem shall h ave its lowe er extremity

(seating ele vation) seat ted on the

elevation

percussion strength

impenetrab le area obta ined in the coating insta llation, or if

4.4.1.5.5

The lower extremity of

the coating

pipe shall

be at least

1,50 m abo ve the stem

seating

elevation .

4.4.1.5.6

The annula r space bet ween the 2 p ipes shall be

filled with a nti-corrosion

graphite gr ease.

4.4.1.5.7

It shall be

injected thr ough the ste em, under p ressure, a c ement slurr y with wate r/cement

content o f 0,5 (five te nths) which shall overflo w to the gro und through

so that i t allows the techniqu es may be extremity .

holes locat ed in the ste m edge,

fixation

stem, until i ts upper

formation o f a wide ba se, fixing th e stem on

used. That

ground, and

other stem

cement slurr y shall fill a ll the inner part of the

4.4.1.5.8 The DLR h ead shall be protected b y a reinforce d concrete box, or by a shackle, co ncrete or

steel pip e, as indicat ed in Figure A.5 of Anne x A.

4.4.1.5.9 The DLR h ead consist s of a half s phere of bra ss, pasted

plug, whi ch works as a support fo r the sight.

with epoxy i n a stem to p closing

4.4.1.6 Preservatio n of Topogr aphic Mark ers

a) preserva tion of type A, B, and

C topograph ic markers b uried 20 cm

below grou nd level

(see Fig ure A.6 of A nnex A) is:

— mand atory for ma rkers install ed on rights of way;

— at the

— not a pplicable to internal area s;

option of P ETROBRAS for markers installed in the other ext ternal areas;

b) preserva tion of top

graphic ma rkers with t he installati on of three

be adopted f or all types

concrete bl ocks for

of markers a nd at all

general

signalin g (see Figur e A.6 of Ann ex A) shall

facilities . The block s shall be p ainted in y ellow on all conditio ns contained in PETROB RAS N-220 0.

sides acco rding to the

-P U BLIC- N -47 REV. J E NGLISH 09 / 2 012 4.4.2 Pi

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4.4.2 Pi ckets

The hori zontal and v ertical Inflec tion Points ( (IP), auxiliar ies of statio

on the g round by m eans of lum ber measuri ng 3 cm x 3 cm in secti on, with 25

finishing in a tip at th e extremity t o be driven measure s can altere d.

shall be mat erialized

length,

into the gro und. At the d iscretion of PETROBRA S, these

, of detail,

cm minimum

4.4.3 Co re Samplin g Stake

Next to e ach picket

painted i n white, sha ll be driven

high.

and to each stake of pro gressive st aking, a cor

sampling s take, which shall be

into the gro und. In floo ded areas, t he stake sh all be at lea st 1,5 m

4.5 Prin cipal Polyg onal

4.5.1 Th e principal p olygonal sh all be tied to

system,

the vertice s of the bas ic support (s see 4.3), in

by conveying

coordinate s “N” and “E” ” and altitude s by means of support p olygonal.

he UTM

4.5.2 Th e topograph ic survey se rvices of th e principal p olygonal an d the suppo rt polygonal shall be

carried o ut through e lectronic de vices with 7 s angular p recision, 5 m m + 5 ppm

equipped with a data collection s

linear precis ion, and

stem with a n internal m emory.

4.5.3 Th e vertices

polygona l,(see 4.7), s hall refer to the local top ographic an d UTM syste m.

of the princ ipal polygon al which c oincide with

the vertice s of the se condary

4.5.4 Th e vertices o f the princip al polygona l shall be in tervisible, t hus allowing

electroni c measurem ents, withou t any other i ntermediary operations.

for vertex- to-vertex

4.6 Sec ondary Poly gonal

4.6.1 Du ly tied to t he vertices

polygona l shall be im plemented, i n a number sufficient for the compila tion of all ne cessary det ails.

of

the basi c

support o r of

the pri

cipal polyg onal, the se condary

4.6.2 Th e secondary

system,

with its origin

polygonal s hall be impl emented wit h a local “X ” and “Y” top pographic co ordinate in the UTM system.

4.7 Dist ances and

Angles

4.7.1 Li near and An gular Meas urements

For linea r measurem ents, horizon tal and verti cal angles, t otal stations shall be use d.

4.7.2 Alt timetry

The altim etric survey ing of the ve rtices of the polygonals shall be don e with geom etric or trigo nometric leveling a and counter- leveling.

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4.8 Tole rances - To pographic Survey in A Areas or St rips Earmar ked for the the Definitive D esign

Implement ation of

4.8.1 Li near Closin g

The max imum relativ e error admi ssible in the linear closin g of the prin cipal polygo nal of the ar eas shall be 1/20 0 00.

4.8.2 Li near Closin g of Strips

The max imum relati ve error ad missible in 1/30 000 .

the linear

closing of t he polygona l of strips

shall be

4.8.3 An gular Closi ng

The max imum error admissible i n the angula r closing of polygonal s hall be 15s number o of vertices of the polygon al.

x

hall be 15s number o o f vertices o f the polygo n al. x N

N ; “N” b eing the

4.8.4 Alt timetric Clo sing

The max imum error admissible

in the geom etric levelin g of polygo nals shall be e 10 mm x

geo m etric levelin g of polygo nals shall be e 10 mm x L ;

L ; “L”

being the

number of kilometers o f the polygon al.

NOTE

At the optio n of PETRO BRAS, the a bove tolera

ces may be more restric tive.

5 Spec ific Condit ions

The requ irements se t forth in A BNT NBR 1 3133 and P ETROBRAS

N-2698, as

well as the general

consider ations indica ted in the T echnical St andard for

Georeferenci ng of Rural

Properties,

shall be

taken int o account co mplemented

by the con ditions descr ibed in 5.1 t o 5.4.

 

5.1

Geo referenced Topographi c Survey of Areas

 

5.1.1

Pl anialtimetry

The geo referenced

planialtimet ric survey

of areas sh all be con ducted in c ompliance

with the

methodo logy describ ed in items 5 .1.1.1 to 5.1 .1.4.

5.1.1.1 A A closed prin cipal polygo nal shall be

of the “B

or “C” type, or “DLR”.

implemente d, materializ ed through

topographic markers

5.1.1.2 T he water p art of the a reas of inte rest shall b e surveyed

bathyme try, in accord ance with th e following:

planialtimetr ically, throu gh topo-

a) a base line shall

10 m;

be

establis hed

on

th e

margins,

subdivide d

in

segm ents

of

b) cross se ctions shall be drawn in

be surve yed;

relation to t he baseline, as far as th e limit of th

area to

c) 10 m, cros swise to the

at every

baseline, th e elevations of the botto m of the wa ter shall

be taken ;

d) leveling shall be geo metric;

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e) the bott om elevatio

bubble l evel;

s may be t aken with a

measuring

rod, controll led by plum b line or

f) distance s may be de termined wi th a tape me asure or tot

g) the posi tioning of th e measurem ent points f or bottom e levations ma ay be deter mined by

l station;

triangula tion, total st ation, or GN SS;

h) for vast segments o f the water

part, or und er adverse c onditions of depth and

currents,

the echo

sounder sh all be used.

5.1.1.3 A A detailed ge oreferenced survey of b uried interfe rences shall be prepared .

5.1.1.4 A All improvem ents, poles, towers, and other detail s deemed im portant shal l be georefe renced if

found wi thin a strip greater w idth.

requires

of 15 m aro und the phy sical bounda ries of the

area, unless

the design

5.1.2 Re stitution an d Presenta tion

The rest itution and

documen ts mentione d in the item s 5.1.2.1 to 5.1.2.7, and the drawing s, reports, a nd calculati ons shall be prese nted in acco rdance with standard PE TROBRAS N-381.

shall be co nducted thro ugh the

of topogra phic survey s of areas

presentation

5.1.2.1 Macro Loca tion Drawin g

This sha ll be presen ted over a

cartographi c base or b e the result

of aerial s urveying, to

a scale

compatib le with the informati on:

extension o f the area

of interest d efined by P ETROBRAS S, with the

following

a) hydrogr aphy;

b) highway s and railwa ys of the reg ion;

c) municip al and state boundaries;

d) units an d pipelines o f PETROBR AS.

5.1.2.2 Area Plan

It shall b e presented over a carto graphic bas e or resulting

with the

from aerial surveying, t o a scale co mpatible

extension of the area, pr oviding the f ollowing info rmation:

a) group of land access

b) hydrogr aphy;

c) municip al and state boundaries;

d) transmis sion lines;

e) pipeline s and other b uried interfe rences;

f) urban li mits;

g) other ar eas of inter est, such a s areas sub ject to milit ary restrictio ns, conces sions for

exploration, areas of pe rmanent pre servation, p rotection of water spring s, forest

roads;

mineral

reserves , and dam r eservoirs;

h) vertices of the geode sic network and of the p rincipal poly gonal;

i) “DATUM ” and syste ms of coordi nates used;

j) articulati on of sheets , including w hatever upd ating is dee med necess ary.

5.1.2.3 T opographi c Plan(s)

The pla nialtimetric

and bathym etric georef erenced top ographic s

rveying of

the areas

shall be

presente d in a scale 1:1000 or la rger, includin g if necessa ry, the follo

ing informa tion:

 

a)

contour

lines

with

1

m

equ idistance,

with

empha sis

on

con tour

lines

multiple

of 5;

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b) flat regio ns, depress ions and ele vations whi ch mark the ground, tran slated as po ints with indicate d elevations;

c) aindicati on of point s of interest , geographi c features,

strip is

used for reg istration

buildings, im provements , buried

m strip (unle ess a large

interfere nces, and

egetation u ntil the limi ts

the entire

of

a

15

specifie d by the de sign) around

area. The t erminology

shall co mply with PE TROBRAS N-1041.

d) location of topograp hic markers

e) network of coordinat es at every 1 10 cm;

f) list of m arkers with c oordinates a nd elevation s;

g) articulati on of sheets ;

meters of s urveyed are a;

h) length in

i) location of axes and cross sectio ns;

j) reduced circulation a nd area pla ns;

and their ide ntification;

k)

the true

north, the

magnetic

north, grid

north, mag

etic slope,

date and

meridian

converg ence;

 

l) key with conventions

used;

m) coordina tes with ver tices of area

limits, whe never these are pre-esta ablished, in

he UTM

 

system;

n) local top ographic an d coordinate s (UTM) sys tem adopted ;

 

o) numeric al scale and graphic scal le;

 

p)

location

and

identi fication

of

the

geotec hnical

tests

and

comp lementary

services,

whenev er these are conducted i n the area.

5.1.2.4 Drawings of Special Ar eas

At the di scretion of

PETROBRA S, drawings

should be

requested o n an enlarg ed scale of specific

segment s of the ar ea under c onsideration , in which

all paragrap hs detailed

in 5.1.2.3

shall be

complied

with. The

pattern and

scales to

be adopted

for the dra wings of sp ecial areas

shall be

previousl y defined.

 

5.1.2.5

Drawing of t he Scheme of Support Polygonals

and Princi pal Polygon als

 

A drawi ng shall be

prepared

containing t he scheme

of the sup port polygo nal as well

as the

triangula tion of the pr incipal polyg onal.

5.1.2.6 S upplement ary Docum ents

The follo wing supple mentary doc uments shal l be present ed:

a) field boo klet;

b) final rep ort containin g at least th e following in formation:

— desc ription of bas ic support a nd support p olygonals;

— pape r on topogra phic marker s implement ed and offici al markers u sed in the s urvey;

— list of all docume nts issued;

— oper ational meth odology use d in each fie d service (b y discipline);

— calc ulation notes : leveling, li near measu rements, an gular measu rements, ar eas, and verifi cation of clo sing toleranc es;

— list of equipment used (brand names and models).

5.2 Geo referenced Topographi c Survey of Strips

The topo graphic surv ey of strips

shall be con ducted in co mpliance wit h the followi ng stages:

a) research , verification , and select ion of basic support;

b) impleme ntation of m ainline;

c) location of mainline;

d) leveling of strip cent erline;

e) analysis of variants;

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f) physical register;

g) survey o f land and w ater crossin gs;

h) georefer enced recor d of rights of f way and ac cesses;

i) restitutio n of strips.

5.2.1 Re search and Selection o f Basic Su pport

This shal l be accomp lished in acc ordance wit h 4.3 of this Standard.

5.2.2 Im plementatio n of Mainli ne

5.2.2.1 Principal Po lygonal

A princip al polygonal shall be im plemented, i n accordanc e with the p ovisions of 4.6 and the following

condition

s:

a)

the side s of the prin cipal polygo nal shall be

roughly 5

km in length , and sides of 7 km

 

shall be tolerated, m aterialized b y a type A m arker on the ir intermedia ate vertices;

 

b)

the princ ipal polygon al shall be c losed, retur ning, outside the adopted

routing, to the point

 

of origin

of the sec tion. Framin ng can also

be perform ed, reachin g a point o f known

coordina tes located at the oppos ite end of th e origin of th e survey;

 
 

c)

the verif ication of th e planialtime tric closing

of the vertic es of the pri ncipal polyg onal with

the basi c support sta tions of the region shall be executed , at least, ev ery 50 km.

5.2.2.2 S econdary

Polygonal

A secon dary polygon al shall be i mplemented , following t he mainline of the route , in accorda nce with

the provi sions of 4.7 and the follo wing conditi ons:

a) whenev er necessary for the perf ormance of services, tra ils shall be o pened with, at least,

1 m in

cultures, and sites w ith Governm ent restrictio ns;

signaled b y means of orange plas tic flags,

tied to p oles and fir mly stuck to the ground, with at least 2,50 m in h eight and n umbered in seque nce;