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Benefits of the K 12 curriculum for Filipino students!

A recent change in the Philippines’ educational system was implemented starting in 2011. The K
12 education was signed into law back in 2013, adding three years to the country’s basic
education curriculum.

The new K 12 curriculum guide requires all Filipino students to have one year of kindergarten,
six years of elementary schooling (grades 1 to 6), four years of junior high school (grades 7 to
10), and two years of senior high school (grades 11 to 12).

The rationale

Prior to the implementation of the K 12 curriculum guide, the Philippines was one of only three
countries in the world and the only one in Asia that still had only 10 years in basic education.

This has always been seen as a disadvantage for our students who are competing in an
increasingly global job market. The longer educational cycle of the K 12 curriculum is seen as
critical in giving Filipino students a higher quality of education.

The Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization – Innotech (SEAMEO-Innotech)


found the previous 10-year educational cycle to be congested, with a 12-year curriculum
squished into 10 years.

As a result, Filipino students have trailed behind students around the world in the areas of math,
languages, and science. The new curriculum is aimed to fix that.

he K 12 curriculum is designed to enable graduates to join the workforce right after high school,
and suitably prepare those who want to go on to higher education.

The new curriculum will also support college graduates seeking work abroad. Developed
countries, according to the Department of Education’s (DepEd) briefer, “view the 10-year
education cycle as insufficient.”

All in all, the enhanced K 12 curriculum is designed to provide a holistic education for all. Now
decongested, it will give students ample time to master basic academic skills as well as to
participate in co-curricular and community activities.
What it means for students

The transition began in 2011, when the universal kindergarten was introduced. Starting in 2012,
schools already implemented the curriculum decongestion mentioned in the DepEd briefer.

Public schools began having half-day classes for grade one students, with the mother tongue as
the medium of instruction. Private schools also made adjustments in their own DepEd accredited
curricula.

The adaptation of the K 12 curriculum guide means that students will graduate a bit older
compared to those who graduated under the 10-year education cycle.

Far from being disadvantageous, however, DepEd states that young adults graduating at age 18
or so will be more prepared to take on their tertiary education.

Remedial classes during the first year of college will no longer be needed, as the high school
curriculum will already be aligned with the Commission on Higher Education’s (CHED)
guidelines.

The government also encourages parents to think of the K 12 curriculum guide not as having two
extra years of high school, but as two years less of higher education.

Graduates of the new educational system will already be equipped to join the workforce right
away with the help of the electives to be offered during grades 11 to 12.

The electives, or areas of specialization, will include academics for those who wish to pursue
higher studies, technical-vocational for those who want to acquire employable skills after high
school, and sports and arts for those who are inclined in the two fields.

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