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Exercise 1
The Grade Six pupils decided to make their room
clean, orderly and beautiful. Here are some of the
rules everyone needs to follow:
Wipe your shoes on the doormat before entering
the room.
Put the wastepaper, fruit peelings and candy
wrappers in the wastebasket.
Keep the walls, desks and tables free from pencil
and chalk marks and scratches.
Put the cleaning materials in a box.
Arrange the furniture properly.
Put away your pencils, books, notebooks after
using them.
Hang umbrellas and raincoats in one corner of the
Keep books clean and well- covered.
1. What did the pupils decide to do?
a. make their room clean, orderly and beautiful
b. make their homes clean, orderly and beautiful
c. make their school surroundings clean, orderly and
2. What did they agree upon?
a. to form a society b. to follow the rules
c. to work on the school ground
3. What will they do with their shoes?
a. wipe on the doormat b. leave on the doormat c. put under
the doormat
4. From what will they keep the furniture free?
a. books b. cover c. scratches
5. Where should the cleaning materials be kept?
a. box b. drawer c. bookcase
6. How should the furniture be arranged?
a. properly b. carelessly c. artistically
7. Where should one keep his pencils, books and notebooks
after using them?
a. in this bag b. on the desk c. on the teacher’s table
8. Where should wastepaper be thrown?
a. in the desk b. in the drawer c. in the wastebasket
9. Where should one hang raincoats and umbrellas?
a. on the desk b. in the cabinet c. on one corner of the room
10. What should be kept clean and well-covered?
a. desks b. books c. tables
Exercise 2
Daphne was a beautiful nymph. The sun god,
Apollo, fell in love with her but she rejected him.
Once, Apollo saw here and pursued her. Daphne
sought shelter behind a big tree. She was out of
breath from running. Now, as she leaned on the
tree, she looked back with threw herself upon her
knees and prayed to be saved from her pursuer.
She rose with outstretched arms. Then her fingers
fluttered gently, as if blown by a gentle breeze.
Little by little she was changed from a beautiful
nymph to a laurel tree. Slowly she broke into a
smile. Now, she was safe. Apollo could not carry
her away anymore.
1. Daphne sought shelter behind ____.
a. a big tree b. a laurel tree c. a large tree
2. As she leaned on the tree, she looked back with ____.
a. round eyes b. smiling eyes c. frightened eyes
3. She was out of breath from ____.
a. talking b. running c. laughing
4. She prayed to be saved from her ____.
a. father b. pursuer c. husband
5. Slowly she stretched out her ____.
a. feet b. arms c. hands
6. She threw herself upon her ____.
a. bed b. knees c. pillow
7. She was changed from a beautiful nymph into ____.
a. an oak tree b. a narra tree c. a laurel tree
8. Her fingers fluttered ____.
a. slowly b. gently c. rapidly
9. She felt safe, after she became a ____.
a. tree b. nymph c. goddess
10. She could not be carried away anymore by ____.
a. Theus b. Midas c. Apollo
Exercise 3
Long ago the Romans used to cook their food
just as the way hunters today sometimes do. They
dug out an over in the ground, lined it with stones
and made a fire in it. When the improvised oven
was well heated, they raked out the ashes, put in
the food and covered it. We learned about this
from excavations in the city of Pompeii. Pompeii
was destroyed and buried during the eruption of
a volcano hundreds of years ago. When the city
found excavated, ovens with wood and ashes
were found among the ruins. It is believed that
just as the cooks were about to bake, the fiery
volcano rained out ashes and boiling lava and
burned down the city.
1. In ancient times, how did the Romans cook their food?
a. just as the cooks do today b. just as the people do
today c. just as some hunters do today
2. What did they use to line the ground where they built the
a. lime b. clay c. stones
3. What did they do with the oven before putting in their food?
a. They cooled it. b. They heated it. c. They poured water in
4. Where did they dig their ovens?
a. in the ground b. in the cement c. in the tree trunks
5. What did they rake out of the oven before putting in their
a. sand b. ashes c. wood
6. Who cooked their food in underground ovens?
a. the Jews b. the Italians c. the Romans
7. Who had ovens with food ashes in them?
a. the British b. the Romans c. the people of Pompeii
8. What destroyed Pompeii?
a. a great fire b. a terrible flood c. a volcanic
9. What were the cooks about to do when the volcano erupted?
a. eat b. bake c. wash dishes
10. What was done with the buried city?
a. rebuilt b. forgotten c. excavated
Exercise 4
It was Lynn’s first night in the city. She woke
up with a stun and then she remembered where
she was. She had never spent the night in a city
before. She lay still and listened. Cars and
jeepneys seemed to race like ants heading
straight towards here. A new house was being
built next to her aunt’s house and the cement
mixer was roaring angrily. Downstairs, in the
kitchen, she heard the clattering of pans. Then,
she heard the chime of the big clock. She turned
over and fell asleep again.
1. What did Lynn remember when she woke up?
a. She was in the city. b. She was in their house. c.
She was in her country.
2. Has Lynn ever spent a night before in the city?
a. No b. Yes c. Maybe
3. Where did Lynn imagine the cars and jeeps going?
a. heading to the city b. heading towards her c.
heading towards the house
4. Where did the roaring sound come from?
a. a bulldozer b. a cement mixer c. a street sweeper
5. How did she know the time?
a. from the radio b. from the big clock c. from the
position of the sun
6. Why did Lynn wake up with a stun?
a. She was afraid. b. She had a dream. c. She felt she
was in a strange place.
7. What did she do when she woke up?
a. She ran out to play. b. She washed her faced. c. She
lay still and listened
8. What did Lynn hear passing in front of the house?
a. buses and trains b. cars and jeepneys c. streetcars
and carts
9. Where did she hear the clattering of the pans?
a. from the streets b. from the kitchen c. from the
living room
10. Did Lynn fall asleep again?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
Exercise 5
Narcissus was out of breath from running
when he came to a clear pool. He stopped to
drink. Just as he was about to sip the cool water,
he saw a face in the pool. It was handsome and he
was attracted to it.
“Who are you?” he asked.
“Who are you?” echoed someone.
“Why are you mocking me?” asked Narcissus.
“Mocking me,” said the voice.
Narcissus was puzzled. He wanted to talk with
the face in the pool but it would not answer. He
tried to catch it but to no avail. At last, he lost
hope and plunged into the pool hoping to see the
owner of the face.
1. Why was Narcissus out of breath?
a. He was running. b. He was Jumping.
c. He was skipping.
2. Which of these sentence is true?
a. Narcissus came to a clear lake. b. Narcissus came to a clear
pool. c. Narcissus came to a clear path.
3. He stopped to ____.
a. drink b. swim c. bathe
4. He saw something which ____.
a. attracted him b. frightened him c.
drove him away
5. What did he see in the pool?
a. a boat b. a face c. a flower
6. Which is correct?
a. He talked with the face in the pool. b. He shouted at
the face in the pool.
c. He played with the face in the pool.
7. Narcissus heard ____.
a. his own echo b. the singing bird c. a reply from the
man in the pool
8. Narcissus was not able to ____.
a. drink b. swim c. talk with the man in the pool
9. He became _____.
a. sad b. angry c. hopeless
10. What did he do at last?
a. plunged into the pool b. ran into the dark woods
c. ran away from the pool
Exercise 6
Rene was tired from the day’s tramp. He rolled
himself in his scout blanket and laid still. It was
very quiet in the woods. Then he heard some
queer noses. There was a flapping of wings. A
night owl was on its way to hunt. Tiny raindrops
started to fall on the leaves. The shower was over
though, in a moment. The cicadas and other
insects started their night songs which ended into
a forest symphony. “Those queer night sounds in
the forest is a good lullaby,” Rene thought as he
drowsed off to a sound sleep.

1. Rene went on ____.

a. a field trip b. an excursion c. a Boy Scout
2. It was very quiet in the ____.
a. city b. house c. woods
3. He rolled himself in his ____.
a. mat b. raincoat c. scout blanket
4. He began to hear ____.
a. soft music b. hooting cars c. queer
5. He heard a soft flapping of ____.
a. skirts b. wings c. leaves
6. An owl was on its way to ____.
a. hunt b. roost c. lay eggs
7. Tiny raindrops fell on the ____.
a. roof b. leaves c. treetops
8. The shower lasted for a ____.
a. few hours b. long time c. short time
9. Rene heard the singing of the ____.
a. owls b. cicadas c. campers
10. To Rene, the sound of the insects was a ____.
a. lullaby b. serenade c. symphony
Exercise 7
“I have good news today, Mother,” said Norma
as she put down the big basket she was carrying.
“What’s your news, Norma?” asked Mother.
“Look at my basket,” said Norma excitedly, “I
bought many things today: meat, sugar, fish,
vegetables and fruits. See, I still have a little
change left.”
“But why?” asked Mother, puzzled.

1. Where did Norma came from?

a. playing b. the school c. the market
2. What was she carrying?
a. a big bag b. a big basket c. a school bag
3. What was Norma’s news?
a. bad b. good c. neither good nor bad
4. How did Norma fell after coming from the market?
a. tired b. angry c. excited
5. What did she show to her Mother?
a. things in her study table b. things in her school bag c.
things she bought in the market
6. Why was Norma happy?
a. She bought a pretty dress. b. She bought things she
would use in school.
c. She was able to buy many things and still had some
7. Which of these did Norma buy?
a. dress b. meat c. ribbon
8. How did Mother feel after listening to Norma?
a. sad b. happy c. puzzled
9. Why was Norma’s news good?
a. She was able to save an amount from marketing.
b. She found a wallet with money in the market.
c. She did not pay for the good she got from the market.
10. Why do you think was Mother puzzled?
a. She could not believe what Norma said.
b. She knew that prices of goods were high.
c. Norma had told the truth for the first time.

Exercise 8
Select some ripe tomatoes. Was them
thoroughly. Cut them crosswise into halves. Then
separate the pulp from the seeds. Cook the pulp
in an enameled kettle, stirring it occasionally until
the thin peelings separate and roll up. Remove the
pulp from the fire. Pass the pulp through a wire
strainer and get the juice, mix the juice with the
pulp. Add some vinegar. Put onion juice,
powdered cinnamon, pepper, cloves of garlic and
spices in a small cloth bag and dip it into the
mixture. Cook the mixture until it is thick. Take out
the bag of spices. Bottle the cooked pulp and seal.

1. How is the pulp separated from the seeds?

a. by squeezing the tomato b. by cutting crosswise
into halves
c. by cutting the tomato into small pieces
2. When is the pulp removed from the fire?
a. when the pulp has hardened b. when the pulp is
mixed with the peelings
c. when the peelings have been separated and have rolled
3. What is the first step in preparing catsup?
a. Boil the mixture. b. Wash the tomatoes thoroughly. c.
Remove the mixture from the fire.
4. What kind of tomatoes are used?
a. ripe b. green c. cooked
5. What is used in cooking the pulp?
a. a pot b. a pan c. an enameled kettle
6. What kind of strainer is used?
a. wire strainer b. rattan strainer c. plastic
7. What is wrapped in a cloth bag?
a. juice b. spices c. pulp
8. When is the mixture removed from the fire?
a. when it is thick b. when it is watery c. when it is smooth
9. What is added to the juice and pulp?
a. flour and others b. water and others c. vinegar,
onion juice and others
10. What is the last step in preparing the catsup?
a. boil until thick b. bottle and seal c. add the vinegar to the

Exercise 9
“How was your trip, Wally?” asked Grandma
as Wally kissed her hands.
“It was fine, Grandma,” answered Wally,
yawning while stretching his arms, and shaking his
legs. “I slept almost throughout the way.”
“Why, you lazy boy!” exclaimed Grandma.
“Then you didn’t see the beautiful scenery on the
“It was so nice riding on the bus,” explained
Wally. “The roads now are very smooth, unlike the
first time Father and I visited you after the flood.
A week had passed after that visit, yet my body
was still aching all over. We were like mashed
fruits after our ride over those pot marked roads.”
“It did not take long for the government to
have all the damaged roads repaired,” agreed
Grandma. “Thanks to our government, things are
back to normal again.”
1. Where did Wally’s Grandma live?
a. in the city b. in the province c. in a city suburb
2. Why did Wally fail to see the beautiful scenery?
a. He slept almost throughout the way. b. He was wearing
dark glasses.
c. He was not interested to look at the scenery.
3. Where did Wally ride?
a. on a bus b. on a train c. in a jeepney
4. Who was with Wally when he visited Grandma?
a. his father b. his mother c. nobody
5. How did Wally try to freshen himself?
a. He jumped. b. He ran and run. c. He stretched out his arms
and legs.
6. According to Grandma, what did Wally miss by sleeping all the way?
a. Grandma’s house b. the place where they were going c.
the beautiful scenery on the countryside
7. Why did Wally not enjoy his first visit to Grandma?
a. The journey was long. b. The roads were pot marked. c. The
roads were smooth and nice.
8. What did Grandma call Wally for sleeping all the way?
a. lazy b. cheerful c. curious
9. Why were the roads easy to travel on now?
a. They were cleaned by the government. b. They were
damaged by the government.
c. They had been repaired by the government.
10. How was life after the flood?
a. It returned to normal. b. It was never the same again. c. It
was much better than before.

Exercise 10
Those who cannot read are pitiful because
they cannot enjoy books. Books tell us about the
wonderful things in the world. They tell us the
interesting things people do. Books can answer
the “whys” and “hows” of things that puzzle us.
They can take us to faraway places through
imagination. They can show us, too, the things
that happened a long time ago as well as those
happening at present. Books tell us about the
children in other lands. They hold the key to the
greatest treasures in the world. A wise man once
said that he would rather be a poor boy in a cellar
surrounded with books that a prince who had no
chance to read.

1. Those who do not know how to read are the

a. most pitiful people b. most happy people c. most
wonderful people
2. What do books do for us?
a. make us rich b. make us unhappy c. tell us about the
things in the world
3. Where can books take us?
a. nowhere b. just in our room c. to faraway places
4. What questions can books answer?
a. little things not worth knowing b. the “whys” and “hows” the
c. things that cannot be remembered
5. What do books hold for their readers?
a. falling leaves b. running water c. key to the greatest
treasure in the world
6. What do books tell us?
a. nothing of importance b. words without meaning c.
things that happened long ago
7. Do books tell us about the children in other places?
a. Yes b. No c. Perhaps
8. Who says he would rather be in a cellar with books than in a palace
with a single book?
a. a prince b. a wise man c. a poor man
9. What do books unfold before us?
a. hidden health b. hidden wealth c. hidden knowledge
10. What is preferable than a prince in a palace without the love for
a. a rich boy in a big house b. a boy in a beautiful house c. a
poor boy in a cellar who loves books
Exercise 11
A skillful diver can see clearly what lies
underneath a vast body of water. He sees swaying
seaweeds, acres of sea plants that have large,
bright colored leaves. He finds countless sea
snakes, sea horses, fierce sharks and other wild
fishes. He takes delight in watching the different
species of fish, splendid in their brilliant colors. To
a diver, the life underworld is full of thrilling
1. What can the diver see through the clear water?
a. ships b. sea horsec. sea weeds
2. Are there plants in the sea?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
3. What kind of a diver can stay in the water for a long
a. amateurs b. untrained c. experienced
4. Do the divers find only wild fishes under the sea?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
5. What does a diver find in the sea?
a. wealth b. adventure c. sunken ships
6. What makes a seaweed sway?
a. air b. fishes c. water current
7. How does a diver feel while watching the different
species of fish underwater?
a. afraid b. excited c. delighted
8. How wide is the place underwater where sea plants
a. acres b. few meet c. few meters
9. What may possibly happen to a diver who is not skillful?
a. He may drown. b. He may just float. c. He may
be eaten by fishes.
10. Do you think deep sea diving is safe?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
Exercise 12
A group of student were chatting and laughing
excitedly near the sidewalk. They seemed to be
talking all at the same time when suddenly they
became silent. They stared spellbound at a blind
girl groping along the wall, and feeling her way
about. Though her eyes were open, they could tell
that she could not see. In her right hand was a
bunch of flowers which she smelled how and
then. She continued walking till the end of the
street. When she was out of sight the students
gave a sigh of relief. Were they not lucky to have
two good eyes?
1. What were the students doing?
a. playing and jumping b. singing and dancing c. chatting
and laughing
2. Which of these students is true?
a. The students stopped talking as they stared at a blind girl.
b. The students stopped talking as they stared at a lame girl.
c. The students stopped talking as they stared at an old beggar.
3. How did the girl move along the wall?
a. She ran along? b. She walked briskly. c. She groped along
her way.
4. What did the students notice about the girl’s eyes?
a. They were open. b. They were closed. c. They were half
5. What were the students sure about the girl?
a. She could see. b. She could not see. c. She could see a
6. What was on the girl’s hand?
a. a cane b. a bunch of keys c. a bunch of flowers
7. Where was the girl going?
a. to a nearby store b. to the end of the street c. to the house
at the street corner
8. What did the students do when they saw the girl?
a. stared b. looked c. smiled
9. How did the students feel when the blind girl was out of sight?
a. sorry b. afraid c. relieved
10. What were the students thankful for?
a. for their feet b. for their legs c. for their good eyes
Exercise 13
It was time the zookeeper to feed the animals.
Judging from the noise, the beasts were hungry.
The lions opened their mouths and gave the
people in the zoo a frightful sample of the howl of
the king of beasts. The little monkeys squeaked as
they tumbled over each other to reach the cage
bars. The monkey shook the iron bars till they
rattled, and parrots jumped up and down
shrieking excitedly.
1. What time was it in the zoo?
a. playing time b. feeding time c. sleeping time
2. How did the animals show that they were hungry?
a. They played. b. They quarreled. c. They made noise.
3. Who howled?
a. the lions b. the gorillas c. the monkeys
4. What did the lions do?
a. roared b. beat on the bars c. opened their mouths
5. What was the zookeeper going to do?
a. beat the animals b. feed the animals c. bathe the
6. How did the little monkeys manage to reach the cage bars?
a. by jumping over each other b. by tumbling over each
other c. by climbing over each other
7. What did the little monkeys do?
a. snitched b. squeaked c. screeched
8. What did the monkeys do with the iron bars?
a. broke b. rattled c. loosened
9. Who jumped up and down?
a. dancers b. parrots c. birds
10. How did the parrots welcome the zookeeper?
a. They shouted. b. They shrieked. c. They squeaked
Exercise 14
“It will not be long from now and Tandang Sela
will not go begging anymore,” Mel told his sister
“Why did you say that?” asked Sheila.
“Didn’t you know?” Mel asked. “The
government had decided to help the beggars,
young and old.”
“But how?” asked Sheila, still puzzled. “There
are hundreds of beggars around. How can the
government help them all?”
“It is like this,” explained Mel. “The young ones
will be placed in the care of their relatives if they
have any. The others will be sent to the provinces
where they came from. The children who do not
have anybody to look after them will be placed in
orphanages. The old ones who have neither
families nor relatives will be housed in the Home
for the Aged. They will be taken care of by the
“How nice,” Sheila said. “It is really a pity to
see these beggars, especially the very old ones.”
1. What does Tandang Sela do?
a. She sells. b. She begs. c. She washes clothes.
2. What news does Mel have for Sheila?
a. Tandang Sela will move to another place.
b. Tandang Sela will not have to beg anymore.
c. Tandang Sela will not have to wash clothes anymore.
3. Whom will the government help?
a. the children b. the beggars c. the poor people
4. Where will the young ones be sent?
a. to their relatives b. to the orphanage c. to the social
5. Where will the unattended young ones be sent?
a. to rich families b. to orphanages c. to the provinces where
they came from
6. Who will be housed in the Home for the Aged?
a. the young ones b. the very old ones c. the ones with
7. Who will provide the needs of the old folks?
a. their relatives b. the rich people c. the government
8. Which of these statements is true?
a. The government will help the beggars.
b. The government will imprison all beggars.
c. The government will drive the beggars away.
9. How did Sheila feel about the government’s decision?
a. glad b. envious c. curious
10. How does one feel when he sees beggars especially the old ones?
a. sad b. joyful c. happy
Exercise 15
The strangest thing about my first airplane ride
was that I seemed not to be moving at all since the
plane assumed a certain altitude. As I looked
down, the earth below seemed like a wonderful
map in lovely colors. Everything was a miniature.
The houses, the trees, the buildings appeared like
playthings. The vast rice fields were restful to the
eyes to look at. The ocean was but a shallow
stream of clear, blue water.
Indeed, anybody’s first plane ride is a
pleasant experience.
1. On what kind of transportation was the author riding?
a. a car b. a ship c. an airplane
2. How did the earth below appear to the narrator?
a. a vast rice field b. a wonderful map c. a undeveloped
3. How did the objects appear to the author?
a. shadows b. reflections c. miniatures
4. What made the rice fields restful to the eyes?
a. their size b. their color c. the location
5. How did the author consider his first airplane ride?
a. a horrible experience b. a pleasant experience c. a
nauseating experience
6. What did the author say the ocean looked like?
a. long river b. shallow streamc. swimming pool
7. What was the strangest thing about the author’s first airplane
a. The plane flew so fast. b. The plane seemed not to be
c. The plane could not go above the clouds.
8. How many times has the author ridden on an airplane?
a. twice b. once c. many
9. Which appeared like playthings to the author?
a. buildings, trees, houses b. houses, people, animals c.
houses, buildings, people
10. How did he describe the rice fields?
a. restful to the eyes b. like a dense forest c. like a shallow
Exercise 16
God’s best gift to Jose Rizal was his mother, Doña
Teodora Alonzo. Teodora was brought up by her
mother in a home full of love and understanding. She
was educated at Santa Rosa College. Her excellent
education, her goodness of heart and her other
virtues prepared her to be the mother of our national
hero. To Jose Rizal, next to God, a mother means
everything to a man. Doña Teodora was a devout
Catholic. It was her teachings that made her son, Jose,
love the Christian way of life. He was still a baby when
his mother began teaching him the alphabet and the
simple prayers as was the custom of the Filipino
Doña Teodora was fond of telling stories to her
son, Jose. The word “story: meant something new and
wonderful to Jose. He would sit down to listen, full of
interest and wonder, when his mother called him for
the regular story time. He loved the stories his mother
told him. He remembered the moral lesson each story
conveyed and made it a part of his education and
1. How did Jose Rizal consider his mother?
a. his playmate b. God’s best gift c. a good story teller
2. Which word best described Doña Teodora?
a. gay b. lovely c. virtuous
3. Which of the following prepared her to be the mother of our
national hero?
a. her books b. her goodness of heart c. her pleasant disposition
4. What did a mother mean to Rizal?
a. Everyone’s mother is his friend. b. Next to God, a mother meant
everything to a man.
c. A mother is one who should teach her children how to read and
5. What was Doña Teodora’s religion?
a. Catholic b. Protestant c. Presbyterian
6. What made Jose love the Christian way of life?
a. his father’s teachings b. his mother’s teachings c. his
teacher’s teachings
7. What did his mother teach him as was the custom of the Filipino
a. reading simple stories b. telling children’s stories c. the
alphabet and simple prayers
8. Did Jose believe his mother’s stories?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
9. What did the word “story” mean to Jose?
a. something nice b. something good c. something new and
10. How did Jose listen to his mother’s story?
a. carelessly b. attentively c. half-heartedly
Exercise 17
In addition to different kinds of plant diseases,
there are a great number of plant pests that can
destroy or stop the growth of plants. Insects carry
fungi and bacteria diseases from plant to plant.
The potato beetle carries the potato rot. Some
insects even eat plants. Certain grasshoppers and
biting insects strip a plant of its leaves thus killing
the plant lice and leaf hoppers. They consume the
sap of plant tissues this causing the withering of
the plant itself.
1. What can destroy or stop the growth of plants?
a. plant food b. plant pests c. plant fertilizers
2. What else besides pests injure plants?
a. fertilizers b. insecticides c. different kinds of plant
3. Which carry diseases from one plant to another?
a. flowers b. insects c. people
4. What causes potato rot?
a. potato fungi b. potato beetle c. potato bacteria
5. What happens to plants where insects live and feed on?
a. They grow fast. b. The plants are injured. c. The
plants grow healthy.
6. What is another name for the grasshopper?
a. flying insect b. biting insect c. sucking insect
7. How do the grasshopper harm the plants?
a. They cut the plants.b. They strip the plant of its leaves. c.
They suck the juice from the plants.
8. What happen to the plants when harmed by these insects?
a. plants grow rapidly b. plants become healthy c. plants
stop growing and die afterwards
9. Which of the following insects are the most destructive?
a. ants b. mites c. scale insects
10. Are all insects harmful?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
Exercise 18
A school canteen or lunch counter is
established in every school to improve children’s
eating habits and preferences. Native, nutritious
dishes such as goto, pancit, lumpia are prepared
by a teacher with the help of some children.
Sandwiches are also sold for those who prefer a
light merienda. A good lunch counter has milk as
a regular item for sale. Teachers encourage their
pupils to include milk in their daily food intake.
The canteen is part of a school. It protects
children from sickness by discouraging them to
buy from food peddlers and unsanitary, nearby
Pupils are asked to patronize the canteen for
their own health. The low prices of food serve as
an encouragement for the children to buy from
the school canteen.
1. What does a school lunch counter serve?
a. lunch b. dinner c. merienda
2. When do the majority of children buy at the lunch counters?
a. after class b. before class c. during recess
3. Which of these statement is true?
a. Native foods are good for light merienda. b. Recess lunch may
take the place of lunch.
c. Goto, pancit and lumpia are eaten at breakfast.
4. What food should a lunch counter always have?
a. rice b. milk c. cereals
5. Why is milk good for children?
a. It tastes good. b. It is nice to drink.c. It supplies them with
needed nutrients.
6. How do school lunch counters help children?
a. They sell native food. b. They sell delicious food. c. They sell
nutritious food at low prices.
7. Why should children avoid buying food outside the school?
a. It is cleaner. b. It is cheaper. c. It is not safe to eat.
8. Where can children buy much safer and cheaper food?
a. from peedlers b. from nearby stores c. from school lunch
9. What is the aim of school lunch counters?
a. to make businessb. to make children thrifty c. to improve the
children’s health
10. How do the lunch counter operators encourage children to buy
from them?
a. by offering bonus prizes b. by being open the whole day
c. by lowering the prices of food
Exercise 19
Beauty is seen
In the sunlight
The trees, the birds
Corn growing, people working
Or praying for a good harvest.
Beauty is heard all around
Wind sighing,
Rain falling or a singer humming
An old folk song.
Beauty is in yourself
Good deeds, happy thoughts reflected
In your dreams
In your work,
During peaceful rest.
1. Does beauty depend upon the observer?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
2. Is there beauty everywhere?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
3. Where lies the beauty in people?
a. in themselves b. in their wealth c. in
their appearance
4. Is there beauty in the falling rain?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
5. When is a person peaceful?
a. when he is rich b. when he is intelligent
c. when he has performed good deeds
6. According to the poem, where can you find
a. in flowers b. in yourself c. in the
7. Can we hear beauty?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
8. Who are praying for good harvest?
a. rice growers b. corn growers c. coconut
9. Where are good deeds and happy thoughts
a. at home b. in your dream c. in other
10. When do the happy thoughts occur?
a. when praying b. during peaceful rest
c. when you are with other people
Exercise 20
We beg no fancy garb
To keep us cozily warm
Nor softer bed to rest
Though it should be less hard.
We wish not our liberty
For to serve is our fate
We live as servants forever
To work early and late.
To talk is a silly dream
For us domed mute to remain
Buy we hear, see and feel
Please to us be a bit kinder.
Be kind a little bit more
And be unkind ten times less
We are poor dumb creatures
And we have but few needs.
1. What do animals ask in general?
a. that we make them sleep b. that we be more kind to
c. that we ask them to dine with us
2. How long do animals serve us?
a. a few years b. for some time c. as long as they live
3. What do animals consider a silly dream?
a. to be able to talk b. to be able to hear c. to be able
to serve
4. What do they beg of us?
a. shelter for them b. kindness to them c. clothing for
5. Which of these statements is true?
a. Giving food to dumb creatures is enough. b. We need to
be more kind to dumb creatures.
c. We must not consider dumb creatures as our friends.
6. Are they asking their master to let them free?
a. Yes b. No c. Does not say
7. When do the animals work as their master’s servant?
a. early and late b. non-stop c. only at night
8. How much needs do animals have?
a. Many b. None c. Few
9. What are the animals doomed to remain?
a. mute b. sensitive c. untrainable
10. What three things can the animals do?
a. feel, hear, see b. see, hear, speak c. hear, speak, feel
Exercise 21
26 del Pilar Street
Sampaloc, Manila
March 15, 2004
Dear Nina,
My parents are going to give a party on
the evening of my graduation, March 29. It
will be held in our house on del Pilar Street.
Please come and bring along your brother,
Milo, and your sister, Ester. My father has
prepared some very exciting parlor games
which I am sure you and your sister and
brother will enjoy. There will also be a
program prepared by my elder sister, Nora.
The party starts at six o’clock. You can go
home at nine so you will have plenty of time
to enjoy the party. We are hoping to see you
Your friend,
1. What kind of a letter is this?
a. a letter of thanks b. a letter of invitation c. a
letter of congratulations
2. Who wrote the letter?
a. Gina b. Father c. Nina
3. The letter is addressed to
a. Mother b. Gina c. Nina
4. Who is giving a party?
a. Tita’s parents b. Nina’s parents c. Gina’s
5. Where is the party going to be held?
a. in school b. in Nina’s home c. in Gina’s home
6. Who are included in the invitation?
a. Milo & Ester b. Gina & Nina c. Gina’s parents
7. What did Gina’s father prepare for the children?
a. parlor games b. group games c. outdoor games
8. What has been prepared by Gina’s sister?
a. dances b. program c. parlor games
9. What occasion will be celebrated?
a. Gina’s birthday b. Gina’s graduation c. Gina’s
house blessing
10. Who are expected by the family to come?
a. Nina, Milo and Ester b. Gina, Nina and Ester
c. Nina, Gina and Nora

Exercise 22
Do you know that Manila Bay has the
finest harbor in the Philippines? It is also
famous for its beautiful sunset. Tourists
observe that Manila Bay has one of the most
glowing sunsets in the world. Roxas
Boulevard, formerly Dewey Boulevard, runs
along the shores of Manila Bay. There are
many beautiful buildings aong the street,
mostly hotels and restaurants. Luneta, a big
park with fountains and ornamental plants,
faces the bay. People go to Luneta to listen
to band concerts and to view performances
at the open theater.
1. What is Manila Bay noted for?
a. tall buildings b. its fine harbor
c. ornamental flowers
2. What is it also famous for?
a. its many streets b. its beautiful sunset c. its
many mountains
3. What do tourists say about its sunset?
a. It is red. b. It is colorful. c. It is the most
glowing sunset in the world.
4. On what street is the Luneta located?
a. Shaw Boulevard b. Roxas Boulevard c.
Quezon Boulevard
5. What do people enjoy most at the Luneta?
a. the plants b. the peoplec. the cool breeze
6. What is the Luneta today?
a. a harbor b. a big park c. a commercial district
7. What do people do at the Luneta?
a. stroll b. pray c. trade goods
8. Where is the Luneta Park Luneta?
a. facing the Manila Bay b. at the tip of the
Manila Bay
c. in the commercial district of Manila Bay
9. How are people entertained at the Luneta Park?
a. open air movies b. by clowns and circus c. in
the commercial district of Manila Bay
10. Where are most performances held?
a. at the open theater b. at the Chinese garden c.
near Rizal’s monument
Exercise 23
Arturo was the president of the Grade Six
class organization. They agreed to celebrate
Arbor Day with a program and mass planting
of fruit trees.
“At what time will the program start?”
asked Miss Diaz, their teacher.
“It will start at 7:00 o’clock in the
morning, Miss Diaz,” answered Arturo.
“That’s good,” observed Miss Diaz. “It
will not be too hot for the planting of trees. I
only hope it will begin on schedule.”
“That’s sure, Miss Diaz,” Arturo said. “It
will be a new Filipino time concept.”
“I admire you, Arturo, for saying ‘Filipino
time,’ which means on time,” said Miss Diaz
“It is really time for us to observe
punctuality,” explained Arturo. “So instead
of saying being on time is ‘American time,”
we shall call it ‘Filipino time’.”
1. What position Arturo have in the class organization?
a. secretary b. treasurer c. president
2. What did the class organization decide to celebrate?
a. Arbor Day b. Town Fiesta c. Parents Day
3. Aside from the program, what other activity was
a. planting of shrubs b. planting of fruit trees
c. planting of flowering trees
4. At what time was the program supposed to start?
a. 8:00 o’clock in the morning b. 7:00 o’clock in the
morning c. 2:00 o’clock in the afternoon
5. Who was in doubt whether it would start on time?
a. Arturo’s mother b. Arturo’s teacher c.
Arturo’s classmates
6. What do we usually say when punctuality is observed
in any activity?
a. Filipino time b. Spanish time c. American
7. How did Arturo call punctuality?
a. Filipino time b. Spanish time c. American time
8. What did Arturo’s class agree on?
a. starting late b. adopting American time c.
changing the concept of Filipino time
9. Did Arturo’s class agree with it?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
10. Who admired Arturo’s leadership?
a. The teacher b. The parents c. The principal
Exercise 24
President Quezon’s counsel to the
Filipino was; “Make the Filipinos true citizens
of the Philippines. They should be made
aware of things connected with their
country and people including their culture
and civilization.”
What did President Quezon want to
convey to his countrymen? In his opinion, we
deserve to be called a true Filipino if we have
our country’s virtue welfare at heart.
Knowledge and appreciation of our
country’s history, civilization and culture are
to be required from each individual. Every
citizen must be concerned with the progress
of the nation, in making the country known
to other parts of the world and in achieving
peace for the land of his birth.

1. What did President Quezon wish for the Philippines?

a. fame b. wealth c. loyal sons and daughters
2. Who deserve to be called a true Filipino?
a. somebody working in a foreign firm b. somebody
working in the government
c. somebody working for his country’s progress
3. What should every Filipino strive to achieve for his country?
a. progress b. culture c. machineries
4. In what should a Filipino feel proud of?
a. his country’s name b. his country’s culture c. his
country’s location
5. to whom was President Quezon’s counsel addressed?
a. to the soldiers b. to all the citizens c. to the
government officials
6. Which of the following did Quezon want the Filipinos to be?
a. true citizens of the Philippines b. good soldiers of the
c. good speakers of Filipinos language
7. In Quezon’s opinion, when do we deserve to be called a true
a. when we can speak Filipino fluently b. when we know
our national anthem at heart
c. when we have our country’s welfare at heart
8. What did Quezon want every individual to know?
a. the country’s history, civilization and culture
b. the symbols of our country and their meanings
c. the different provinces that comprise our country?
9. To whom did Quezon want our own country be known?
a. to all the Filipino citizens b. to all the people of Asia
c. to other parts of the world
10. One of the following was not mentioned among those
which Quezon wanted every individual to achieve. Copy the
letter of that word.
a. power b. peace c. progress
Exercise 25
In some ways we, Filipinos, are similar or our
Malayan brothers. This is so because our
ancestors included the Malays and the
Indonesians. The Malays and the Filipinos are
similar in height, in complexion and in looks.
Philippines aborigines such as the Ifugaos,
Subanuns and Tagbanuas live in much the same
way as the Malaysians and Indonesians. The
clothes, houses, weapons and art of the Filipino
Muslims are similar to those of the Malaysians
and Indonesians.
The Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia
have the same industries and products. The
languages used in the Philippines include many
Malayan words. Like the Philippines, Malaysia
and Indonesia were former territories of
western countries. Like the Filipinos, the people
of Malaysia and Indonesia struggled hard also of
independence. The former MAPHIILINDO
composed of Malaysia, the Philippines and
Indonesia was organized for mutual protection
against belligent countries.
1. The selection tells us ____.
a. how the Filipinos dress b. how the Indonesians dress
c. how similar we are to our Malayan brothers
2. To whom are the Filipinos similar in some ways?
a. to their Malayan brothers b. to their European brothers
c. to their American brothers
3. Who of the following are among our ancestors?
a. Europeans b. American Indians c. Malays and
4. Who live in the same way as the Malaysians and
a. Arabs and Egyptians b. Indians, Polyneans, Hawaiians
c. Igorots, Ifugaos, Subanuns, Tagbanuas
5. Who believe in the Islam faith like the Indonesians and
a. lowlanders b. Filipino Muslims c. Mountain people
6. What do the languages in the Philippines include?
a. many English words b. many Malayan words c. many
Japanese words
7. What things are similar in the Philippines, Malaysia and
a. religion b. languages c. products and industries
8. Which of these countries were former territories of Western
countries like the Philippines?
a. Japan and China b. Taipei and Cambodia c. Malaysia
and Indonesia
9. People struggled hard to ____.
a. get their independence b. get their countries started
c. get their people to cooperate
10. What was the former MAPHILINDO?
a. organization composed of Singapore, Hongkong and
b. organization composed of Malaysia, Philippines and
c. organization composed of China, Japan and Cambodia.
Exercise 26
The rat belongs to the mouse family
although it is larger than a mouse. It has also
more scales on its tail than a mouse. There
are rats of different sizes and colors. The
brown Norway rat is the most destructive
and powerful. Black rat can still be found in
cities near the coasts and in countries with
warm climate.
Rats travel aboard ships and eat almost
anything. If they are hungry they attack
animals, even men. Rats bread rapidly,
producing 20 to 50 offsprings a year. A rat
can start breeding at six months old. Wild
rats are special problems to man because
they spread bubonic plague, rat fever and
they destroy crops.
1. To what family does the rat belong?
a. cat b. dog c. mouse
2. Which is the largest among the following animals?
a. rat b. mouse c. house lizard
3. What part of the rat has more scales?
a. its tail b. its legs c. its body
4. Which is the most powerful among the following?
a. white rat b. black rat c. brown Norway rat
5. Where can black rats be found?
a. near the coasts b. near the woods c. near the
6. What do rats eat?
a. roots b. grass c. almost anything
7. Why are there plenty of rats?
a. They eat anything. b. They breed very rapidly.
c. They are found in homes.
8. What do rats destroy most?
a. trees b. crops c. houses
9. At what age does a rat start breeding?
a. a year old b. six months old c. three months
10. Why are rats a problem to man?
a. They play around. b. They breed rapidly. c. They
carry diseases.
Exercise 27
When Jose Rizal and Juan Luna were
studying in Madrid, they lived together in a
boarding house. They used to play jokes on
one another.
Juan Luna woke up early one morning
and saw that Rizal was still asleep. He did
one of Rizal’s slippers and drew exactly one
likely it on a cardboard. When Jose woke up,
he tried to put on his slippers but he found
out that one was made out of cardboard. “I
know who painted this. It is nicely done,” he
One day, Juan Luna went out with his
friends. Jose decided to draw the contents of
Juan’s room on the closed door with the
permission of their landlady. When Luna
arrived, he went directly to his room. He
bumped his head on the closed door. “You
are a good painter.” Juan Luna told Rizal.
1. Who studied in Madrid?
a. Andres Bonifacio b. Apolinario Mabini c. Juan
Luna and Jose Rizal
2. Where did they live in Madrid?
a. in a hotel b. in a Filipino home c. in a boarding
3. What did they usually do when they entertain themselves?
a. play sipa b. play jokes c. play chess
4. What did Luna hide?
a. one of Jose’s pets b. one of Jose’s books c. one of
Jose’s slippers
5. Why did Jose think it was his real slipper?
a. It was large. b. It was just right for him. c. It was
realistically painted.
6. Where did Rizal paint the contents of the room?
a. on the wall b. on the closed door c. on the window
7. Why did Luna enter the room directly?
a. It was his room. b. He thought he door was open.
c. He thought the door had been removed.
8. What did Luna think of Rizal’s painting?
a. It was not right. b. It was just a view. c. It was
beautifully done.
9. For what was Luna known?
a. being a good writer b. being a good soldier c. being a
good painter
10. How will you describe Luna and Rizal’s sense of humor?
a. dull b. keen c. neither a or b
Exercise 28
Once there loved a chieftain who had a
beautiful daughter name Liwayway. One day
Liwayway went into the woods to gather fruits
and flowers but unfortunately lost her way. She
became unconscious when a wild beast ran after
her. When she came to, she saw a young man
bending over her. He was the son of another
chieftain. When they parted, each one knew
they were in love with each other.
One day the young man was going away to
fight the white men who had invaded their land.
The lovers promised never to forget each other
saying “Sumpa kita.” But the warrior never came
back. In sorrow, the maiden killed herself.
Sometime later, shrubs with fragrant flowers
grew on her grave. People believed that
Liwayway’s love grew and bloomed. It became a
custom for young lovers after that to exchange
garlands of these flowers as a token of their
faithful love. They whispered “I promise”
(Sumpa kita) to each other. In time the flowers
became known as sampaguita. It is adopted as
our national flower because of its fragrance and
1. Who was Liwayway?
a. She was a mermaid. b. She was a goddess of
dawn. c. She was the daughter of a chieftain.
2. Why did she go to the woods?
a. to chase birds b. to take a bath c. to gather fruits
and flowers
3. What happened when a wild beast ran after her?
a. She played with it. b. She climbed a tree. c. She
became unconscious.
4. What did she see when she regained consciousness?
a. a fairy bending over her b. a wild beast bending
over her c. a young man bending over her
5. Who was the young man the maiden saw?
a. a hunter b. a warrior c. son of another chieftain
6. Why did the young man leave?
a. to go with his father b. to fight the invaders
c. to live in another land
7. What did they promise each other?
a. to write each other b. to love each other forever
c. never to forget each other
8. Who killed herself?
a. the fairy b. Liwayway c. the maiden
9. What grew on her grave?
a. shrubs with fragrant flowers b. shrubs with yellow
flowers c. shrubs with thick leaves
10. What does the sampaguita symbolize?
a. loyalty b. bravery c. honesty
Exercise 29
Rice was the staple food of the ancient
Filipinos. They cooked it in pots and in bamboos.
Our forefathers’ diet included also various
species of fish caught in rivers and lakes; meat
from carabaos, deer, hogs, chickens and edible
birds; vegetables, tubers like sweet potato;
spices like pepper and garlic; and fruits like
bananas, oranges, guavas and mangoes.
There were also many kinds of wine and
drinks on the islands. The tuba which was taken
from the coconut palms was the champagne of
the early Filipinos. Among the popular wines
were the Visayan pangasi, fermented from rice;
the Visayan gauilang distilled from sugar cane;
and the Igorot tapuy, taken from rice.
Although the early Filipinos were heavy
drinkers, they seldom lost their senses when
drunk. They only became lively, talkative and
witty when intoxicated. Even after a heavy drink,
their hands never trembled and they could
manage to weigh their gold correctly.
1. The story tells about food and drinks of ____.
a. the ancient Filipinos b. the modern Filipinos
c. the mountain people
2. Where did they cook rice?
a. in jars and pots b. in kettles and pots c. in
pots and bamboos
3. What other things were used as food?
a. grasses and roots b. various species of fish c.
leaves and branches
4. Which was considered the champagne of the ancient
a. rice b. tuba c. coconut juice
5. What was the Visayan pangasi?
a. wine fermented from rice b. wine extracted
from sugar cane
c. wine extracted from the coconut palms
6. What wine was distilled from sugar cane?
a. Ilocano basi b. Visayan tapuy c. Visayan
7. What was the Igorot tapuy?
a. wine taken from rice b. wine taken from sugar
cane c. wine taken from coconut palm
8. Although the Filipinos were heavy drinkers what did
they seldom lose?
a. their drinks b. their senses c. their clothes
9. What happened to them when they got drunk?
a. They could not go home. b. They became talkative
and lively .c . They trembled and became nervous.
10. What was the staple food of the ancient Filipinos?
a. rice b. wine c. roots
Exercise 30
“Please tell us about some of our superstitious
beliefs, Grandmother,” pleaded Elvi as she saw the
old woman sitting by the window. “We will discuss
them in class tomorrow.”
“Listen and I will tell you about man’s three
friends. These are three superstitious beliefs about
animals,” Grandma answered, putting down the
shorts she was mending.
“Tell us about them,” said Elvi excitedly.
“One of them is the rooster who is up before
dawn and crows on the rooftops,” said
Grandmother. “It is bidding its master to get up and
go forth to earn his living.
“The second one is the cat who announces the
coming of a visitor by washing its face so it may look
presentable to its master’s guests.”
“And the third is the dog who can smell danger
and death. It barks to warm its master of the
presence of any stranger who might do him harm.
When a dog howls with sorrow it is said that is smells
death coming its master’s way.”
1. What is the selection about?
a. a legend b. a fairy tale c. three superstitions
2. Which word describes superstitions?
a. true b. good c. beliefs
3. About what are the superstitions in the selection?
a. food b. animals c. weather
4. Why does the rooster crow from the rooftops before
a. to tell its master to get up b. to tells its master
to feed it c. to make its master sleep soundly
5. Why does the rooster wake its master up before
a. to be given corn b. to take it from the rooftop
c. to tell its master to earn his living
6. How do cats announce the coming of visitors?
a. by turning around b. by waving their tails c.
by washing their faces
7. What do dogs smell?
a. food b. other animals c. danger and death
8. How do dogs warn their masters of a coming danger?
a. by barking b. by howling c. by wagging their
9. When does a dog howl with sorrow?
a. when he smells food b. when he likes to sleep
c. when he smells death for its master
10. Are superstitious to be believed?
a. No b. Yes c. Maybe
Exercise 31
One day Lobster and Crab met.
“I have ten claws,” boasted Crab. “I am
the Great Crab which the land people like
best to eat. We, crab are covered with a
head shield.”
“We are knights belonging to the Order
of the Crustacea,” cried Lobster.
“What does that mean?” asked Crab.
“Crustacea means covered with a crust or
shell,”explained Lobster.
“It is the same with us,” said Crab. “Our
claws and bodies are made of rings of shell
joined together by sockets. We use our claws
for walking and for tearing our food.”
“Land people like to eat us,” said Lobster.
“When we are cooked, we turn into a bright
red color but in the water, we are green.”

1. Lobster and Crabs are ____.

a. birds b. fish c. crustaceans
2. The crustaceans are like knights because ____.
a. they have claws b. they have nippers c.
their bodies are all covered with shields
3. Crustacea means ____.
a. covered with hair b. covered with shell c.
covered with scales
4. Land people like to
a. eat the crustaceans b. play with the
crustaceans c. make pets of the crustaceans
5. What color do the crab and lobster have when
they are in the water?
a. green b. orange c. bright red
6. Both Crabs and Lobsters are kinds of
a. seafood b. flying insects c. land animals
7. Which of them can walk on land too?
a. Both b. Crab c. Lobster
8. Are crabs and lobsters eaten by people too?
Draw a crab if your answer is No; a lobster, if
your answer is Yes.
9. Crustaceans have ____.
a. fur b. shells c. scales
10. This kind of story is a ____.
a. fairy tale b. legend c. fable

Exercise 32
Nestor looked happily at his rows of
vegetable plants with their green, fresh and
healthy leaves. There were rows of lettuce,
tomatoes, eggplants and pechay. On one
side of the yard were trellises of patola,
squash and amargoso. Nestor remembered
that their backyard was once a dumping
place of garbage, empty cans and trash.
Then the government launched the “Plant
for Life” project. With the help of his father,
they cleaned the backyard and dug the
stumps and roots of old trees. They
cultivated the soil, got vegetable seeds from
the Bureau of Plants and planted them in
their backyard. Now all are ready for harvest.
The vegetables will be more than what they
need so Nestor will take some to the market.
That will be extra money for the family.
1. Where did Nestor plant the vegetable seeds?
a. in their garden b. in their backyard c. in front of
their house
2. What made Nestor happy?
a. his row of toys b. his row of vegetables c. his
row of flowering plants
3. Where were the climbing vegetables planted?
a. in front of the backyard b. on one side of the yard
c. in the middle of the yard
4. What was Nestor’s backyard before?
a. a storeroom b. a playground c. a dumping
5. What project did the government launch?
a. Save a Life b. Plant for Life c. Help the
Typhoon Victims
6. Who helped Nestor clean the backyard?
a. his sister b. his father c. his mother
7. How did Nestor feel about his vegetable plants?
a. He did not like it. b. He was sorry about it. c.
He was happy about it.
8. Where did Nestor get his vegetable seeds?
a. from the Bureau of Plants b. from the Bureau of
Fisheriesc. from the Bureau of Industries
9. Where would Nestor bring the vegetables they do not
a. to his friends b. to the market c. to his relatives
10. What activity would increase food production?
a. planting flowering trees b. planting flowering
c. planting vegetables in the backyard

Exercise 33
Don’t be afraid, Little Johnny, my boy,
Open the door and go in;
The longer you wait before telling your fault
The harder it is to begin.
No wonder you stand with a pitiful face
And fear the confession to make;
For you know when you’re naughty the
worst of it all
Is making your mother’s heart ache.
Have courage, dear boy, never mind if your
Are muddy and wet, and all that;
Never mind if your clothes have been
terribly torn
And you have ruined your pretty new hat.
Go in like a man, and tell Mother the truth
Like a brave little lad, and you’ll see
How happy a boy who confesses his fault,
And is truthful and honest as can be.

1. What was the author’s advice to Johnny?

a. not to play b. not to enter the house c. not to be
afraid to confess the truth
2. What happens if one waits longer?
a. it will be hard to begin. b. it will be easy to begin.
c. it will be foolish to begin.
3. How does a boy appear if he has a confession to
a. He has a pitiful face. b. He has a brave face.
c. He has a happy face.
4. How does a mother feel when her little boy has been
a. She is sad. b. She is proud. c. She is very happy
.5. What will you do when you have something to
a. Try to hide it. b. Try to forget it. c. Face the truth
like a man.
6. Will you be afraid to tell what you have done if you
have ruined you clothes?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
7. What does one need to tell the truth?
a. fear b. courage c. shyness
8. How will one feel if he confesses the truth?
a. happy b. afraid c. timid
9. Is it always easy to tell the truth?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
10. What is the best trait one must possess to be able to
a. fear b. pride c. couragE
Exercise 34
Grandmother was relating the story of Lake
Buhi to her grandchildren. According to her, Buhi
was a town at the bottom of the lake.
Once upon a time the people of this enchanted
town lived in abundance. But as the people
became wealthy they forgot all about God and so
God punished them. Their town sank beneath the
earth overnight and in its place there rose a
beautiful lake.
When the weather was warm and clear and the
surface of the lake is as clear as a mirror, it is said
that one can look down into the bottom of the lake.
The people can be seen doing their everyday tasks.
Some are cultivating their lands, others are
building houses and smoke can be seen coming
from the kitchen as women cook the family meals.
It is also said that the tiniest fish in the world,
found in Lake Buhi, are trimmings of abaca fiber as
the people in the lake continue to make hats out of
abaca for which the town was once famous.

1. What is the selection about?

a. a sea b. a lake c. a stream
2. What type of literature is the selection?
a. fable b. legend c. fairy tale
3. What was Buhi before?
a. lake b. town c. people
4. How does the surface of the lake look when the weather is
calm and clear?
a. muddy b. gloomy c. clear as a mirror
5. Why did God punish the people?
a. They were lazy. b. They forgot God. c. They were
6. What appeared in place of their town?
a. a city b. a lake c. a forest
7. What kind of fish is found in Lake Buhi?
a. the tiniest fish in the world b. the wildest fish in the
c. the most beautiful fish in the world
8. What was believed to be seen down the lake when the
weather was clear?
a. ruins of buildings and houses b. people doing their
everyday tasks
c. schools of fishes converging on the lake floor
9. What do people say about the fish found in Lake Buhi?
a. They are pieces of thread. b. They are trimmings
from abaca fiber.
c. They are roots of plants under the lake.
10. What do people believe about the lake?
a. It is big. b. It is beautiful. c. It is enchanted.

Exercise 35
For more than three hundred years, Spain
ruled our land. The Spanish flag flew in our
land to show that the Philippines was Spain’s
territory. Then, the Americans came. They
freed us from the Spanish rule. For fifty years,
we were governed by the Americans. Our flag
was allowed to fly side with the American flag.
We were permitted to established our own
government but under the control and
supervision of the Americans.
In 1941, the Japanese invaded the
Philippines. Under the Japanese, we suffered
three years of hunger, fear and misery. With
the help of the Americans, our country was
freed from the Japanese invaders.
Once more, peace came to our country.
The fourth of July, now known as the Fil-
American Friendship Day, marked the
completion of Philippine Independence from
foreign rule. It was on the fourth July that we
were granted total freedom.
1. For three hundred years, the Philippines was under
a. Spain b. Japan c. the United States
2. The Spanish flag flew over ____.
a. Spain b. our land c. United States
3. Our land was freed from the Spaniards by the _____.
a. Spaniards b. Japanese c. Americans
4. The United States ruled our land for _____.
a. fifty years b. two hundred years c. one hundred
5. They allowed our flag to fly ____.
a. alone b. below theirs c. side by side with
6. We were permitted to establish our own ____.
a. religion b. schools c. government
7. In 1941 our country was invaded by ____.
a. Spain b. Japan c. United States
8. Under the Japanese occupation, the Filipinos ____.
a. were happy b. were prosecuted c. suffered
hunger, fear and misery
9. The Americans helped the Filipino guerillas to ____.
a. enrich our country b. liberate our country c.
beautify our country
10. The fourth of July means ____.
a. misery for the Filipinos b. slavery for the
Filipinos c. freedom for the Filipinos
Exercise 36
An American soldier called General Gregorio
del Pilar was an officer and a gentleman. Del Pilar
was the youngest general of the Philippine
revolution. When the revolution broke out he was
only seventeen. He was a brave and gallant soldier.
He was only twenty-four years old when he died
fighting at Tirad Pass.
Gregorio del Pilar was born in Bulacan,
Bulacan. He was a nephew of Marcelo H. del Pilar.
He became the favorite of General Emilio
Aguinaldo who took the very young soldier with
him wherever he went. When the fighting between
the Americans and the Filipinos became intense,
General Emilio Aguinaldo had to retreat to the
mountains. General Emilion Aguinaldo had to
retreat to the mountains. General del Pilar and his
sixty men stood at Tirad Pass to cover the retreat.
The narrow pass was in Palanan, Isabela. Three
hundred Americans soldiers fought against del
Pilar’s sixty men. But del Pilar and his men fought
bravely until a bullet struck him dead.
1. Who called General del Pilar an officer and a gentleman?
a. the English b. the Filipinos c. and American soldier
2. Which word describes Gregorio del Pilar as a general?
a. oldest b. youngest c. middle-aged
3. How old was he when the revolution broke out?
a. nineteen b. eighteen c. seventeen
4. How was he related to Marcelo del Pilar?
a. He was his aid. b. He was his cousin. c. He was
his nephew.
5. Where did General Aguinaldo retreat when the Americans
pursued him?
a. to Palanan b. at Bulacan c. at Pangasinan
6. Who were assigned to guard the pass where he Americans
would pass?
a. General Aguinaldo’s soldiers b. Gregorio del Pilar
and his men
c. Marcelo H. del Pilar and his men
7. How many soldiers defended Tirad Pass with General del
a. sixty men b. three hundred c. six hundred men
8. Where was Tirad Pass?
a. in Isabela b. in Nueva Ecija c. in Nueva Vizcaya
9. What happened to Gen. del Pilar during the battle?
a. He died. b. He retreated. c. He surrendered.
10. How old was he when he died?
a. twenty b. seventeen c. twenty four
Exercise 37
The Abelens are small people, almost of
pygmy size. The average height of a grown up
girl is four feet and a young man about four
feet and eight inches. They are entirely
different from the Negritoes among whom
they have lived for thousands of years. Abelens
have long straight hair, not curly like that of
the Negritoes. Their complexion is light brown,
much lighter than the dark complexion of the
Negritoes. Some of them have a distinct red
tint on their hair. Their eyes are brown. Their
features are fine. They are quite a savage
people. They used to make drinking cups from
skulls of their enemies. Although they know
the Negrito language, the Abelens have a
language of their own.
1. What is this selection about?
a. small islanders b. small minority groups c.
small mountains group
2. What is the new tribe describe in the selction called?
a. Ifugaos b. Abelens c. Negritoes
3. How tall is an average Abelen girl?
a. 4 feet b. 3 feet c. 4 feet and 8 inches
4. How tall is an Abelen man?
a. 5 feet b. 4 feet c. 4 feet and 8 inches
5. From whom is the Abelen tribe distinctly differen?
a. Ifugaos b. Ibanags c. Negritoes
6. How does their hair look?
a. curly b. wavy c. straight
7. What is the color of their complexion?
a. black b. light brown c. dark brown
8. How are the Abelens described?
a. gentle b. savage c. intelligent
9. What do they use as drinking cups?
a. big leaves b. bamboo joints c. skulls of their
10. What is their language?
a. Ifugao dialect b. a language of their own
c. a borrowed language from some mountain tribe
Exercise 38
The Dutch are the people of Holland.
They are considered serious and
hardworking. They are the cleanest people
in the world. The Dutch are fond of eating,
during and attending parties. Have you
seen a picture of a Dutch girl? She was
wears big wooden shoes called klompers.
Men wear baggy trousers while women
wear flowing skirts, white aprons and
starched cloth caps. Dutch children are
healthy for they drink plenty of milk and
take big amounts of butter. Boys are
trained to steer the boat and take charge
of the windmill. Water sports are popular
with the Dutch children.
1. The Dutch are considered ____.
a. the cleanest people in the world b. the most
religious people in the world
c. the most industrious people in the world
2. A Dutch girl usually wears ____.
a. big hats b. big shirts c. big wooden shoes
3. What is the native footwear of the Dutch called?
a. skirts b. windmills c. klompers
4. What do men wear?
a. long trousers b. short trousers c. baggy
5. Who wear the flowing skirts, white aprons and
starched caps?
a. the nurses b. the women c. the children
6. The Dutch are ____.
a. lazy b. not serious c. hardworking
7. Children take plenty of ____.
a. rice and fish b. milk and butter c. wheat
and pork
8. Boys are trained to ____.
a. run races b. steer boats c. become soldiers
9. What is Holland known for?
a. boats b. sports c. windmills
10. What is the country of the Dutch?
a. Holland b. England c. Switzerland
Exercise 39
During the first World War, both the army and
the navy felt a great need for some way to send
messages back to their headquarters. Sometimes a
torpedoed ship needed to send wireless message
to land. Men in a sinking ship were lost unless a
passing ship chanced upon them. Battalions sent
out on scouting trips were sometimes gunned
down by enemies. A soldier sent with a message
for help was oftentimes caught. Even messengers
in airplanes were not safe. The enemy usually shot
the planes and kept the messengers as prisoners.
So, pigeons were trained as messengers. They have
a strong love for their homes. Most of the birds
move from one home to another but the pigeons
have one home to which they always return.
Pigeons, even when taken away far from home,
always fly swiftly back to their habitations.

1. Who have a strong love for their homes?

a. mayas b. pigeons c. love birds
2. What do they do even when taken away from home?
a. They are usually lost. b. They never come bac
c. They fly swiftly back home.
3. Pigeons were trained as
a. nurses b. soldiers c. messengers
4. What often happened to men sent as messenger in airplanes?
a. They were often lost on their way.
b. They were often shot down by enemy guns.
c. They carried messages safely to the headquarters.
5. Who felt a great need for a way to send messages to the
a. the police b. the constabulary c. the army and the navy
6. During the First World War, how did the distressed ships ask for
a. through the radio
b. through the underground channels
c. through the messenger-pigeons
7. Who were sometimes lost and kept as prisoners by enemies?
a. batallions b. messenger in ships c. messenger on planes
8. When is the safe delivery of messages very important?
a. during travel b. during field trips
c. during World War
9. What is the common characteristic of most birds?
a. They build homes. b. They stay in one home.
c. They move from one home to another.
10. Why do pigeons make good messengers?
a. They always fly steadily back home. b. They change their
homes very often.
c. They move from one place to another.

Exercise 40
With the establishment of a Nuclear
Center, we will engage in the production of
radio isotopes for use in agriculture,
industry and medicine. This is a landmark
in our scientific progress as it opens up for
our youth the field of nuclear science and
ultimately harness the mightiest industrial
power known to man. It will greatly help
fight poverty. With the use of the atomic
energy, we will have the power to run
more industries.

1. What was established in our country?

a. a nuclear center b. a telephone center c. a telegraphic
2. What can we engage in with the establishment of this center?
a. production of radio b. production of short waves c.
production of radio isotopes
3. Of what use will this be?
a. in business and exporting b. in sports and competitions
c. in agriculture, industry and medicine
4. What will the establishment of the Nuclear Center mean to us?
a. industrial progress b. scientific progress c. agriculture
5. For whom is the vast field of nuclear science open?
a. for the youth b. for the old people c. for the coming
6. What will the vast field of nuclear science harness?
a. mightiest manpower b. mightiest industrial power c.
mightiest submarine power
7. What can atomic energy offer?
a. work in our land b. illness in our land c. poverty in our
8. Of what use is atomic energy?
a. in planting rice b. in running industries c. in teaching
9. Win what branch of science is the mightiest industrial power
known to man?
a. nuclear science b. historical science c. elementary
10. With what area is the Nuclear Center concerned?
a. science b. agriculture c. entertainment
Exercise 1
A skilled worker
earns P1,800 a week;
and unskilled worker
earns P 1,000 a week.
How much is the
difference in their
earnings in a year or in
52 weeks?
1. What word tells that subtraction is important in
solving this problem?
a. amount
b. earnings
c. difference
2. To get the answer what other process is
a. division
b. addition
c. multiplication
3. How will you find the difference in their
earnings in 52 weeks?
a. divide
b. multiply
c. subtract
Exercise 2
The children in a Grade Six class had an
experiment. They boiled water in a kettle until
the steam came out. They put a tray in a place
where the steam could reach it. They noticed
the water vapor was collected around the tray.
Then they placed cracked ice on the tray. They
observed that drops of water fell underneath
the tray.
From the experiment, the class formed
some conclusions: When water is heated by
the sun, it evaporates and goes up into the air.
When this water vapor becomes cool (because
temperature at very high altitudes is very low),
it condenses and becomes water. Theses
droplets of water become clouds. When they
become very heavy, they fall as rain.

1. What did the children experiment on?

a. how to boil water
b. how rains are formed
c. how clouds are formed
2. Which sentence is true?
a. Temperature falls at very low altitude.
b. Temperature at very high altitude is very low.
c. Temperature at very low altitude is very high.
3. What did the experiment prove?
a. Clouds evaporate as rain.
b. Vapor comes from cold water.
c. When droplets of water in the clouds become very
heavy, they fall as rain.
Exercise 3
Once, a bullcart driver was passing
through a muddy road. The wheels sank
deep in the mud. Though the bulls pulled
with all their strength, they could not go
The driver did not do anything to help
his bulls. Instead he went down on his
knees. He prayed to Hercules, god of
strength. He prayed to him to help him pull
his cart out of the mud.
But Hercules said, “Put your arms on
the wheel, lazy fellow. Help the bulls pull
the wheels out of the mud. The gods help
those who help themselves.
1. Why did the wheels sink?
a. The road was soft.
b. The road was wet.
c. The road was muddy.
2. Which sentence is true?
a. The driver helped the bulls.
b. The driver pushed the cart.
c. The driver did not make any effort to help the
3. Which lesson does this story teach us?
a. Try hard to win.
b. If at first don’t succeed, try again.
c. God helps those who help themselves.
Exercise 4
William Howard Taft, and American
Governor-General, felt that the Filipinos
should own and develop the natural
resources of their country, and use them
for themselves and their children. He
started the policy of “The Philippines for
the Filipinos”.
Under Governor Taft, the government
bought the friar lands, subdivided them
into lots and sold these to the tenants. The
Bureau of Lands was established to
distribute public lands and to see that
these were used properly. The Homestead
Law allowed Filipinos to own and cultivate
at least 25 hectares of land. Foreigners
could own land if they comply with certain
1. What did William Howard Taft feel about the
a. They could own land if they are naturalized
b. They could own land only if they comply
with certain requirements.
c. They should own and develop the natural
resources of their country.
2. How were public lands distributed?
a. through Governor Taft
b. through the Bureau of Posts
c. through the Bureau of Lands
3. Which phrase best describes Governor Taft’s
a. distribution of lands
b. land for Americans
c. the Philippines for the Filipinos
Exercise 5
It is not kindness to set free a canary, or
a bird that in injured or has been kept in a
cage for years because it will be unable to
take care of itself. Canaries are born in
cages of pet bird parents. They have been
taken care of for generations and have no
knowledge on how to find food or shelter.
Letting loose a canary in this world is like
leaving a two-year old baby to make his
own living.
The only way to soften the hard lot of a
canary is to make it feel happy that it will
not wish to be set free.
1. Which word best describes the canary?
a. happy
b. restless
c. helpless
2. What is it like to let loose a canary in this world?
a. leaving a dog to make its own living
b. leaving a beggar to make his own living
c. leaving a two-year old baby to make his own
3. Which sentences tells why canaries do not know
how to find food or shelter?
a. They do not wish to be set free.
b. They are lazy to look for their own food.
c. They have been taken care of for generations.
Exercise 6
For over three hundred years, the Filipinos
had suffered the cruelties of the Spaniards.
They were not free to do anything in their own
country. A group of patriots formed the
Katipunan with Andres Bonifacio as the head.
They fought for their country’s freedom.
The Katipuneros came from all over Manila
and the nearby provinces on August 26, 1896.
Their meeting-place was in Balintawak. Only a
few of them had guns but many of them had
bolos. Others came with weapons made from
sharpened bamboos. They tore their cedulas
to pieces angrily shouting, “Long live the
Katipunan! Long live the Philippines! Down
with the tyrants!”
These words were the opening salvo of the
First Cry of Balintawak.

1. Which is true according to the selection?

a. The Filipinos were free under the Spaniards.
b. The Filipinos were happy under the Spanish
c. The Filipinos could no longer bear the cruelties
of the Spaniards.
2. What does the selection show?
a. Filipino humility
b. Filipino honesty
c. Filipino bravery
3. Which sentence summarizes the selection?
a. Andres Bonifacio was the head of the Katipunan.
b. The fighting at Balintawak was between the
Filipinos and Spaniards.
c. The Filipinos revolted against the tyranny of
Spain in the First Cry of Balintawak.
Exercise 7
The gorilla, an ape, is a large and man-
like animal. It lives in African jungles and is
so large and fierce, that no full-grown one
has ever been caught alive. It feeds on
fruits and builds a covered platform on
trees for its house. With one stroke of its
great arm, it can kill a person or a horse.
Young gorillas have been caught and
brought to our menageries but they usually
die because of our climate.
A young gorilla can be cared for and
taught tricks. It can also prove itself to be
very intelligent.

1. What is the selection about?

a. the gorillas of Africa
b. the natives of Africa
c. wild creatures in Africa
2. Which word best describes the gorilla?
a. fierce
b. gentle
c. intelligent
3. What kind of gorillas are usually caught and tamed?
a. full-grown ones
b. the young ones
c. large and fierce ones

Exercise 8
Located at the south of Manila, just
about an hour ride away, is Tagaytay. It is
located atop of ridge some 2,000 feet
above sea level. Tourists can view from this
ridge the fascinating Taal Volcano and Taal
Lake. Because of its delightfully cool
climate, many Filipinos and tourists from
other countries visit the place. There is a
government hotel there built especially for
tourists. First class accommodations can be
had in this resort. It has all the modern
facilities that a tourist can ask for. When
you go to Cavite, do not miss to see this
beautiful spot. It is one of the most
beautiful spot in our country.

1. Why do tourists love to see Tagaytay?

a. because it is near Cavite
b. because it is a historical spot
c. because of the fascinating view of Taal Volcano and
Taal Lake
2. What is the selection about?
a. a beautiful spot
b. a historical spot
c. a legendary spot
3. After reading this selection, what is one likely to think
a. to paint Tagaytay
b. to write about Tagaytay
c. to see Tagaytay sometime in the future
Exercise 9
The Barrio Council had a meeting to
discuss about the barrio fiesta. It was
agreed upon by all the members that the
fiesta be held for one day only instead of
the traditional several days. This would be
in line with the high mass in the morning
and a religious procession. Every
household would try to prepare some food
for the visitors. All the people in the barrio
agreed to be thrifty in the celebration of
the town fiesta.
1. What is the story about?
a. electing a barrio council
b. celebrating a barrio fiesta
c. celebrating a barrio holiday
2. Which is true about the coming celebration?
a. The fiesta is going to be celebrated for a week.
b. The fiesta is going to be celebrated for one day.
c. The fiesta is going to be celebrated for three
3. Which sentence tells us how the fiesta is going to be
a. Much food would be served to the visitors.
b. The people would all attend the high mass.
c. The fiesta would be celebrated with austerity.
Exercise 10
Flowers are a beauty. Fortunately, the
Philippine climate is favorable to the
growth of various species of these
wonderful beauties of nature. As one
travels around the islands, one comes
across all sorts of flowers. They are
abundant especially in the months of
March, April and from trees, bushes, herbs,
vines and water plants. Each species has its
own distinct beauty. While children in the
cities enjoy them in flower shops, botanical
gardens and parks, the children in the
barrios see them on the fields, gardens,
forests, swamps and river banks. However,
their beauty remains wherever they may
1. Which is a good title for this selection?
a. Beauty
b. How Beautiful!
c. The Flowers Around Us
2. Which is true about flowers?
a. They remain beautiful wherever they are.
b. Flowers bloom during the Christmas season
c. You don’t see many flowers when you
travel around.
3. Why are flowers abundant in the Philippines?
a. due to the size of our country
b. due to the beauty of our country
c. due to the climate in our country
Exercise 11
Taxes are important sources of income
for the government. They are essential to
the life, progress and security of a nation.
As good citizens, it is our obligation and
responsibility to pay taxes willingly and on
time. The income of the government is
intended for the welfare of the people. A
large part of the government money is
spent on the following: maintenance of
public schools maintenance of the army
and the police, establishment of health
services and construction of roads and
bridges. It is therefore necessary that our
people – young and old alike – be made to
understand the importance of paying
1. Which of the titles below is appropriate for
this selection?
a. Necessary Taxes
b. Why We Pay Taxes
c. Expenses of the Government
2. Why are taxes necessary?
a. They help us travel abroad.
b. They are put in a bank as savings.
c. They are sources of income for the
3. What are taxes for?
a. for its officials
b. for government support
c. for the welfare of the people
Exercise 12
“Why, I have never seen our town so
clean!” cried Lyn as she alighted from the
tricycle. “Not a single trash around.”
“Don’t you know that every citizen in
our town helps to make our town clean?”
said Dennis, her brother. “Anyone caught
throwing rubbish around will be punished
“It can really be don’t,” said Lyn. “We
can really make our town clean if we want
“Yes,” answered Dennis.
1. What is the selection about?
a. keeping ourselves clean
b. keeping our toilets clean
c. keeping our surroundings clean
2. The main idea of the selection is
a. Let the government clean your surroundings.
b. Every citizen should help make the surroundings
c. Clean your surroundings if your neighbors will
clean theirs.
3. Which title is best for the story?
a. How To Keep Clean
b. In Keeping With Laws
c. Cleaning Our Surroundings
Exercise 13
Ruby overslept that Monday morning.
When she woke up she had only ten minutes
to eat breakfast and start for school.
As if everything was against Ruby, she
didn’t find a single pair of clean socks. She got
a pair of Aida’s socks but as she hurried
downstairs, Aida saw her wearing her yellow
“You never led me any of your things,” Aida
said, “Remember when I wanted to wear your
yellow headband, you didn’t lend me? So you
better remove those socks.”
“Well, I never saw a sister as hard to get
along with as you are,” muttered Ruby as she
ran back upstairs to return Aida’s socks.
1. Which sentence best describes Ruby
that morning?
a. She was calm.
b. She was in a hurry.
c. She was easy going.
2. What would be a good title for the
a. Selfish Ruby
b. The Yellow Socks
c. Blue Monday Morning
3. Do you agree with Ruby that her sister
was hard to get along with?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
Exercise 14
We hear of cottage industries. These
are industries that people engage in at
home. Our government and civic
organizations are helping to promote
cottage industries. These are encouraged
because they help the people in the
following ways:
They provide work for the jobless.
They increase man’s usefulness
through creative and useful activities.
They increase the family income.
They develop neighborliness and
cooperation among the people in a
1. What is the selection about?
a. how people work
b. cottage industries
c. increase in usefulness
2. Which is true about cottage industries?
a. They promote goodwill among nations.
b. They provide work for those who already
have jobs.
c. They develop cooperation among people in
a community.
3. Why are cottage industries encouraged in our
a. to get rich
b. to help the jobless
c. to help big industries
Exercise 15
“Is Father going hunting?” Jay asked his
mother when he saw his father get his gun and
go out of the house.
“Didn’t you listen to the radio, Jay?” asked
her mother. “Every citizen who owns a gun
without license is asked to surrender it to the
“Will Father be punished for owning a
gun?” asked Jay.
“No, Jay,” answered Mother. “No
questions will be asked to citizens who
surrender their guns. They will also be issued
“That is a very good move to prevent
crimes,” said Jay. “Ordinary citizens like us will
have nothing to be afraid of anymore.”
“You’re right, Jay,” agreed Mother. “There
is peace around us now.”
1. Which word best describe what Mother
thinks about our present society?
a. fearful
b. peaceful
c. same as before
2. Which of these statements is true?
a. Citizen fear for their lives.
b. Citizen cannot rest easily.
c. Citizen are not afraid anymore.
3. What is expected of every citizen who
possesses firearms without license?
a. to keep it
b. to fight with it
c. to surrender it
Exercise 16
You read advertisements of various
medicines in newspapers and magazines and
hear them over the radio. Unfortunately, many
people believe all these advertisements. Large
amounts of money are spent in this country
each year for health “cures” and medicine.
When people are in pain, they are often
tempted to take almost any kind of medicine
that can be quickly purchased at the corner
drug store. Such medicine often contains pain-
killing drugs so the pain seems to disappear.
Then people would think that that medicine is
good. What they do not realize is that pain is
only a symptom, a danger signal that
something is wrong. Meanwhile, a serious
condition in the body – a condition that needs
a doctor’s diagnosis and treatment – may be

1. What lesson does this selection teach?

a. Medicine that easily cures pains is good ones.
b. All medicines that are advertised in the newspaper
are good.
c. One should not rely on pain-killing drugs that are
purchased at the corner drug store.
2. Which is true about some medicines?
a. cure all diseases
b. do not cure at all
c. remove the pain but do not cure the disease
3. What is the main idea of this selection?
a. Advertisement for illness cures are valuable.
b. Pain-killing medicines can easily be purchased at any
drug store.
c. Due to pain-killing drugs, a serious condition in the
body may neglected.
Exercise 17
February is the shortest month of the year,
having only 28 days. It has 29 days during a
leap year which comes once every four years.
There are 366 days in all in a leap year.
All the months of the year are named after
Roman gods and goddesses. February comes
from the Latin word “Frebuare”. It means to
make clean and pure or purify. This is also the
month of love, as February 14 is Valentine’s
Day, a day for dedication and renewal of love
for parents, friends and sweethearts. We can
make everyday a Valentine’s Day by loving
other sincerely.

1. What is the story about?

a. leap year
b. Roman gods and goddesses
c. February and Valentine’s Day
2. The message of this selection is
a. friendship and love
b. purify and cleanliness
c. significance of the leap year
3. Which sentence is not true?
a. The month of February has 28 days.
b. All months are named after Roman gods and
c. February is the only month not named after a Roman
gods or goddesses.

Exercise 18
You have always thought that good
sportsmanship is true only in sports or athletic
contests. Good sportsmanship and a sense of
fair play is limited not only to games and
sports. There is also a great need for
sportsmanship at home, in the classroom, and
in group work. Sportsmanship is very much like
courtesy. It means showing consideration for
other people and treating them the way you
would like to be treated. It also means
respecting other people’s rights, feelings and
believing they are just as important as you are.
Be a good loser; don’t get angry or sulk or
make excuses when you lose. On the other
hand, if you win, do not belittle the loser: show
sympathy for their defeat.

1. To what trait is sportsmanship similar?

a. honesty
b. courtesy
c. obedience
2. What is the selection about?
a. being a good loser
b. limiting sportsmanship to game and sports
c. doing to other people what you would like them
to do to you
3. To whom will this selection best apply?
a. to old folks
b. to everybody
c. to sports-loving people

Exercise 19
Certain holidays, such as Thanksgiving
Day and Christmas Day, have a special
religious meaning. In Catholic countries, a
Friday in Lent is set aside as Good Friday.
Many churches have special services on
religious holidays. The Roman Catholic
Church was has a number of annual
holidays which are observed with religious
In addition to legal and church holidays,
there are a number of other days that by
custom have come to be observed in some
special manner. Such days as Halloween,
Valentine’s Day, and patron saint’s feast
days, are observed in particular ways.

1. Which question asks for the main idea of the

a. What are some of the religious holidays?
b. What is the significance of religious holidays?
c. What holidays are mentioned in the above
2. Which of these sentences is true?
a. By custom, holidays are not observed.
b. Usually, holidays have special meanings.
c. Sunday is observed as a religious holiday.
3. Which of these titles is best for the story?
a. Holidays
b. Special Holidays
c. Religious Holidays

Exercise 20
The Filipino Flag is rectangular in shape
with a white triangle, a broad blue field on
top of a broad red field. The blue stands for
hope, loyalty, patriotism and honor. The
red stands for courage, the courage of the
Filipino in time of war. A sun with eight rays
is in the middle of the white triangle. There
is a star in each corner of the triangle.
These represent Luzon, Visayas and
Mindanao. The white triangle stands for
equality of all under the law.
Mrs. Marcela Agoncillo made the first
Filipino national flag in Hong Kong. It was
raised by General Emilio Aguinaldo in
Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898. Later, this
flag was again raised at the first Philippine
Congress in Malolos. The Filipino flag is the
symbol of our country.

1. Which is a good title for this selection?

a. The Filipino Flag
b. The Flag of All Nations
c. The Flag of The Katipunan
2. What is the selection about?
a. the story of the Filipino flag
b. the makers of the Filipino flag
c. the meaning of the Filipino flag
3. Which is true according to the selection?
a. The red stands for the courage of the Filipino in time
of war.
b. The flag represents the dream of the Filipinos to
become superpower.
c. The flag symbolizes the traits of the Filipinos and the
composition of their country.

Exercise 21
Tandang Sora is known as the “Mother
of the Revolution”. Her name was
Melchora Aquino. Tandang Sora was quite
old when the revolution broke out in 1896.
How sad she was when she saw how poor
people were. She promised herself to help
the poor folks. Whenever a Katipunero was
wounded, she nursed him in her little hut
in the hills of Banilad. She also supplied and
secretly gave them to the Katipuneros.
When the Spaniards learned of this,
Tandang Sora was arrested and exile to
Marianas. She was released after several
years. She returned to the Philippines. She
died poor but well-loved and remembered
for her services to her country and people.

1. What is the best title for the story?

a. The Good Deed
b. The Kind Old Woman
c. The Mother Of The Revolution
2. Why did the Spaniards exile her to
marianas island?
a. She felt sorry for the poor.
b. She had a little hut in the hills of
c. She supplied the Katipuneros with
food and medicine.
3. When did the story happen?
a. during the Spanish occupation
b. during the American occupation
c. during the Japanese occupation

Exercise 22
Corregidor made history during the last
World War. It is an island located at the mouth
of Manila Bay. The United States Army made
its last stand against the Japanese soldiers on
this island. Corregidor became sacred with the
blood of Filipinos and Americans who fought
bravely against the Japanese.
President Manuel L. Quezon established
his established his government in Corregidor
before he retreated to Australia.
Corregidor is now a national shrine. It is
open to the public. It can be reached by boat.
Buses are ready to take visitors to the different
places of interest within the island. It is indeed
a worthwhile experience to see Corregidor.

1. What is the selection about?

a. how to see Corregidor
b. how Corregidor can be reached
c. how Corregidor became a national shine
2. What important face have you learned about
Corregidor in this selection?
a. It can be visited.
b. It is a beautiful island.
c. It was made sacred by the blood of the
Filipino and American soldiers
3. Choose the best title for the selection
a. Beautiful Corregidor
b. Historical Corregidor
c. The Island of Corregidor

Exercise 23
Since ancient times, man has tried to use
seeds, stems, leaves and roots of certain plants to
cure illnesses. Such plants are called herbs. The
early man would boil, dry or power the plants to
make herbal medicines. In modern times, medical
scientists found out that some herbs are useful
while others are useless and even harmful.
One of the plant medicines that is medically
and scientifically valuable is quinine. It is one of the
best drugs for malaria. Two long known drinks,
coffee and tea, contains caffeine which, too, is
produced from plants. Many other plants contain
some substances used in producing medicines.
Grapes, sugar cane, and beets are fermented to
make alcohol; jimsonweed is used in making
belladonna; and several mint family plants are
used to produce menthol, peppermint and tonics.

1. What is the selection about?

a. plants used for food
b. plants used for medicine
c. plants used as beverages
2. Why is quinine valuable?
a. It is used in surgeries.
b. It is needed in making coffee.
c. It is one of the best drugs for
3. Since when were herbs first used as
a. ancient times
b. in modern times
c. both in ancient and modern times

Exercise 24
Most of the articles in the newspaper may
not be of interest to some boys and girls.
However, if you develop the habit of reading
the daily newspaper at your home, you will
always find something of interest and value.
Some people, though, spend too much time
reading the newspaper. A reason for this is
that they have not learned how to select
articles that are really worth reading. They do
not know how to choose between materials
which contain valuable information or provide
experience that enriches one’s life and articles
that are merely for filling up spaces. It is
important therefore that you develop proper
reading interest and taste now while you are

1. Which title is best for the selection?

a. Reading Newspapers
b. Parts Of A Newspaper
c. How To Enjoy The Newspaper
2. Which is true in the selection?
a. Learning how to read newspaper is difficult.
b. There is really nothing of value in a newspaper.
c. Newspapers are interesting if we know how to read
3. What is the whole selection about?
a. selecting valuable information
b. developing proper reading interest and taste
c. judging between worthwhile and useless materials.

Exercise 25
To the Filipinos, the happiest, gayest and
noisiest day is New Year’s Day. The people
greet the holiday with noise and merrymaking.
At the stroke of twelve, they light firecrackers,
beat empty cans and fire bamboo cannons.
Church bells peal and sirens blow for several
The Filipino families, no matter how very
poor they are, partake of a “Media Noche”.
All windows of houses are opened on New
Year’s Eve and all lights are turned on. People
believe that these practices bring good luck to
the household. The old people pray for a
happier and more prosperous days ahead and
the young ones make New Year resolution.

1. What is the selection about?

a. Filipino customs during fiestas
b. Filipino customs during Christmas
c. Filipino customs during New Year’s Eve
2. Why do people open their windows wide and turn on the
lights on New Year’s Eve?
a. to bring in good luck
b. to hear the noise and fun
c. to let the fresh air enter the house
3. Which of these statements is not a true picture of Filipino
a. Both the rich and poor prepare their Media Noche.
b. The poor ones cannot enjoy the merrymaking on New
Year’s Day.
c. They believe that opening their windows on New
Year’s Eve bring good luck.

Exercise 26
Gil wanted to buy a pair of roller skates
that costs P 420.00. His father promised to pay
half the cost of the skates if Gil would pay the
other half.
Gil was given a daily allowance of P 50.00.
He listed his needs and budgeted the amount
he spent for each item like school supplies, bus
fare, snacks, and a little amount for recreation.
Gil was able to set aside a part of his
allowance for his share in the cost of the roller
skates. By saving a little amount each week, he
finally saved enough for the roller skates.
Gil triumphantly showed his father the P
210.00 for his roller skates. That evening,
Father had Gil’s roller skates when he came

1. What kind of a boy was Gil?

a. wise
b. thrifty
c. spendthrift
2. What is the story about?
a. how Gil spent his money
b. how Gil saved the whole amount for the roller skates
c. how Gil saved a part of his allowance for the roller
3. Which is true?
a. Gil spent all his allowances.
b. He saved all his allowances.
c. Gil listed his needs and then budgeted the amount he
spent for each item.

Exercise 27
Our country is blessed with rich natural
resources. Our forests are rich in plant and
animal life. We have large collections of
flowers and fruits which abound all year
round. We have the rarest orchids in the
worlds. One of them is waling-waling,
considered one of the most beautiful orchids
in the world. There are more than 10,000 kinds
of flowering plants growing in our country.
Among them is the sampaguita, our national
Our country is also noted for its delicious
fruits such as mango, mangosteen, durian,
marang and chico. We have all kinds of tropical
animals, too. The carabao, our most useful
animal, is beast of burden. One of our rare
animal is the tamaraw of Mindoro. The
smallest monkey known as the tarsier, and the
mouse deer, are both found in Palawan.

1. What does the selection say about our country?

a. rich
b. rare
c. delicious
2. What is the selection about?
a. animals in the forest
b. rare plants in the forest
c. our rich natural resources
3. What is true?
a. Several collections of flowers and fruits abound in our
b. A few collections of flowers and fruits can be found in
our forests.
c. A large collection of flowers and fruits abound in our
forests all year round.

Exercise 28
King Solomon was known as a just king. One night,
he dreamed that God was asking him what he wished
most. He requested God to give him an understanding
heart. This, he was granted.
One day two women came to see King Solomon.
The first woman said, “O King! This woman took my
baby. While I was asleep, she took my baby and
substitutes him with her dead baby.”
“That is not true,” cried the other woman. “This
baby is mine.”
King Solomon asked a soldier to get a sword. “Cut
the child into half,” he said. “Give half of the baby to the
first woman and other half to the other woman.”
“Good!” exclaimed the other woman. “That’s far
and just decision.”
“Wait!” cried the first woman. “Please let this
woman keep the baby. I don’t want the baby hurt.”
“Soldier,” said King Solomon, “give the baby to the
first woman. She is the real mother.”

1. Which word best describes King

a. just
b. cruel
c. selfish
2. What was the complaint of the first
a. The dead baby was hers.
b. The other woman took her baby.
c. The second woman killed her baby.
3. Why did King Solomon give the baby to
the first woman?
a. The baby was her child.
b. The baby was taken from her.
c. The other woman wanted the baby
cut into halves.

Exercise 29
One day, when Mike was in his route
delivering the morning newspapers, he found
a one-thousand-peso-bill on his way. Now, he
could buy the bicycle he had wanted for a long
time. For the past two years, he had been
saving money for a bicycle but it seemed it
would take him some years more before he
could buy one.
However, Mike did not have the heart to
keep the money. He requested Mr. Cruz, the
editor of the newspaper, to look for the owner
of the money. Three days later, an old
gentleman called up. Make received a card
from him. Together with the card was the
bicycle he wanted very much. Mike did not
know that Mr. Cruz told the old gentleman of
Mike’s wish to own a bicycle.

1. Thestory tells about _________.

a. being kind
b. being good
c. being honest
2. Why did Mike ask Mr. Cruz to look for
the owner of the money?
a. He wanted to buy a bicycle.
b. He did not have the heart to keep it.
c. He wanted to keep the money for
3. How was Mike rewarded?
a. The old gentleman got his money
b. The old gentleman complained to
the police.
c. The old gentleman rewarded Mike
with a bicycle.

Exercise 30
As Ed passed by his neighbor’s yard, he saw
Tiger, his neighbor’s dog, stumble and fall
across the live fallen electric wire. Tiger gave
one wild yell of pain and lay on the ground,
kicking and struggling to set himself loose from
the wire.
Ed stopped his neighbor’s two sons from
going near the dog. He saw one of the boys
rush towards the dog, crying. He ran to
prevent the boy from touching the dog.
“Oh, poor Tiger!” Ed said with tears in his
eyes as he saw Tiger, helplessly freeing
himself. Then he turned to the boys and
shouted, “Keep back there or that wire will kill
you, too.”
“Run home quickly and call up the
Electrical Company,” Ed told one of the
brothers. “Tell them a live wire has killed a dog
and may kill others too if they don’t hurry. Give
the address. Run!”

1. What did Ed see?

a. how a fallen electric wire killed the
b. how a dog was killed by a live, fallen
electric wire
c. how a boy was killed by a live, fallen
electric wire
2. Who did Ed save from harm?
a. Tiger
b. the two boys
c. the man from the Electric Company
3. From whom would the boys ask for help?
a. from the people
b. from their parents
c. from the Electric Company
Exercise 31
The most striking thing in the
appearance of the crayfish is the pair of
nippers on each tip of its front legs.
Joined together are its “thumb and
finger”. The “thumb” is jointed so that it
can move back and forth freely. Both
nippers are armed with saw teeth and a
sharp claw at the tip so that they can get
a firm grip of any object. The claws can
be bent in any direction.
1. What is the story about?
a. the crab
b. the crayfish
c. a water animal
2. Which is true about the animal
a. It has a great pair of nippers on its
b. It has a great pair of nippers on
its hind legs.
c. It has a great pair of nippers on
each tip of his front legs.
3. Which sentence describes their
a. It can be bent sideways.
b. It can be bent in any direction.
c. It can be bent forward and back
Exercise 32
Not all great deeds are done in time of war.
Here is the story of a man whose greatness
was achieved in time of peace. He was Thomas
Alva Edison. He was the greatest inventor that
ever lived. He invented the talking machine
and the electric light. He made instruments to
measure the heat of far-off stars. He invented
hundreds of things that gave comfort to the
lives of millions of people. From childhood he
showed an inquiring mind. He looked closely at
things around him. His mind looked for causes
and reasons. His mother had to answer and
explain things to him. But Thomas was no
contented. He tried to find out about things
himself. So, he began performing experiments
one after another.

1. What is the story about?

a. the greatest painter of all times
b. the greatest sculpture of all times
c. the greatest inventor of all times
2. What distinguishing trait had Thomas
a. He was very playful.
b. He was always busy.
c. He had an inquiring mind.
3. Choose the best title of the story?
a. The Experiment
b. The Great Thinker
c. The Greatest Inventor

Exercise 33
The Bible is the word of God. The
evangelists who wrote the Bible did so
at the command and inspiration of God
Himself. What God wants to say to us,
He has indicated in the Bible, in the Old
and New Testament, we read what God
wants of us: to make us know Him, love
Him, serve Him and be forever happy
with Him in heaven. It is in the Bible
where we learn His exact will for us, His
commandments, His love and reward
for us, and the Last Judgment.

1. What is the selection about?

a. God’s physical appearance
b. The Old and New Testaments
c. The Bible as the Word of God
2. Which sentence is true?
a. It is man’s word that is written in the
b. We learn the exact will of God for us
from the Bible.
c. God will appear to us so that we may
know what He expects of us
3. What is the ultimate goal of God’s
wishes for us?
a. to punish us
b. to appear before us
c. to be forever happy with Him in

Exercise 34
King Metabus was a cruel king. His daughter
Camilla was still a baby when the people burned his
palace, killed the queen and drove Metabus into
the forest.
He ran away. He held Camilla in his left arm and
carried a mighty spear on his right hand. His
enemies were coming and he had to cross a deep
stream. He tied his baby daughter to the handle of
the spear and sprint to a rock on the edge of the
stream. He lifted his spear and asked Diana, the
goddess of the forest, to save his daughter.
With a careful aim, he hurled the spear which
landed safely on the opposite shore. Metabus
safely swam across the stream, untied his daughter
and went to a faraway country.
He lived there with his daughter Camilla who
became attached to the Goddess Diana as she
grew into womanhood.

1. Which of these statements is true?

a. The people liked King Metabus.
b. The people loved King Metabus.
c. The people hated King Metabus.
2. What is the selection about?
a. how King Metabus escaped
b. how King Metabus was killed
c. how King Metabus was punished
3. Who was the goddess of the forest?
a. Diana
b. Camilla
c. King Metabus’ wife
Exercise 35
For many years, Ric’s father had carried the
mail from the post office of their hometown to
the railroad station. That particular day,
however, Ric’s father was sick and Ric got
ready to take over his father’s work. Ordinarily
it would have been an easy task but the
weather was so bad that even his father would
have a hard trip.
“The storm is getting worse but the mail
has to be delivered,” said his sick father. “Start
early so you will have plenty of time to finish
the work.”
Ric went out through the lashing storm.
Usually there were vehicles along the way but
none could be seen in that day. Many times Ric
thought he would never make it to the railroad
station but he arrived in time for the train to
collect the mail.
1.Which of these statements is true?
a. Ric’s father had delivered mails
for a few years.
b. Ric’s father delivered the mails
for many years.
c. Ric’s father delivered the mails
only the previous year.
2. What is the selection about?
a. a sick man
b. delivering mails
c. braving a storm
3. Was it necessary for Ric to deliver
the mails that day?
a. No
b. Maybe
c. Yes
Exercise 36
Bread is one of the most important
food items. The word bread comes from
the word “bray” which means to pound.
During the ancient times, grains used in
baking bread were pounded between
two stones.
Bread can be made from various
grains – wheat, rye, corn, buckwheat
and oats. However, when we speak of
bread, we generally think of the kind
made from wheat because bread from
wheat grains is the best in texture and
in taste.
1. What is the selection about?
a. rye
b. bread
c. wheat
2. Which is true about bread?
a. Bread is made from flour.
b. Bread is made from grains.
c. Bread is made from starch.
3. What was the original word for
a. bray
b. wheat
c. pound
Exercise 32
Hail to labor! Blessed be it
For it brings our country wealth.
May we ever hold it sacred
`Tis our country’s life and health.
If youth would win our favor
By his work should forth be shown.
Only he would toils and struggles
Will Support and keep his own.

Show us then the way to labor

Guide our careless, wandering feet,
So that when our country needs us
We, who work may make complete.
And the old men then will call us
Children worthy of their sires!
For the dead are honored chiefly
By their sons whom worth inspires.
1. What is the poem about?
a. the beauty of our land
b. the importance of work
c. our dead ancestors

2. Which sentence is true?

a. Only the old man should work.
b. The old man honors the dead.
c. The old man calls on the youth
who works, worthy of their sires.
3. According to the poem, what brings
about wealth to our country?
a. money b. labor c. man
Exercise 38
A good-looking boy lived with his wise
grandmother. The boy loved to talk about
himself and boasted to his friends that he was
best. His grandmother knew that people did
not like him for his boastfulness. So one day,
she took the boy to the ricefields. “Do you see
the heads of palay?” Grandmother asked.
“They are full of big ripening grains of palay.
See how humbly they bowed their heads to
the ground.”
“Look over on the other side,”
Grandmother pointed to the other part of the
ricefield. “The palay heads are thin for they are
still empty, yet they all stand very proundly.”
“These palay plants are like boastful
persons,” continued Grandmother. “The
empty headed ones are boastful while the
wise ones are silent and humble. Learn a
lesson from the full heads of palay.”

1. This story tells about

a. the humble and the proud
b. the ripening grains of palay
c. the full heads and empty heads of
2. Why was the boy unpopular?
a. He was dishonest.
b. He only talked about himself.
c. He did not like his grandmother.
3. Which is true about the ripening grains
of palay plants?
a. They stand so proudly.
b. They do not grow at all.
c. They bow their heads to the ground.

Exercise 39
This man is a Mexican.
This one is an African.
And this one comes from Japan.
And this one is from Peru.
We must work and show and prove,
That we understand democracy.
Yes it does not matter much
That you are a tidy Dutch.
Dutch or Arab, Scotch or Moor,
We are brothers evermore.
We have skills that we can use
For the good of all of us.
Turk or Dane or Norwegian,
Indian, Swede or Canadian,
Prince and peer of Great Britain
Peasant, peon or coolie bent.
All deserve rest and food and life
Want of such may produce strife.
1. Who are the people mentioned in this
a. Dutch, Arabs, Scotch
b. all people all over the world
c. Africans, Mexicans, Japanese
2. Which sentence is true?
a. People all over the world are
b. It matters much if you were a Dutch
or an Arab.
c. The prince and peers of Great Britain
can’t be compared with peons and
3. What will be the best title for the
a. One World Are We
b. Understand Democracy
c. For the Good of All of Us

Exercise 40
“Wanted – a boy.” How often do we see
This quite familiar notice.
Wanted – a boy for every kind
Of a task that a busy for every kind.
He is wanted – wanted now and here.
There are towns to build; there are paths to clear;
There are seas to sail; there are gulfs to span
In the ever onward march of Man.

Wanted – the world wants boys today,

And it offers them all it has for pay.
It will grant them wealth, position, fame,
A useful life and an honored name.
Boys who will guide the plow and pen;
Boys who will shape the ways for men;
Boys who will forward the tasks began;
For the world’s great work is never done.

The world is eager to employ

Not just one, but every boy
Who, with a purpose stance and true,
Will greet the work he finds to do.
Honest, faithful, earnest, kind,
To good, awake; to evel, blind,
A heart of gold without alloy,
Wanted – the world wants a boy.


1. What is the best title for the poem?

a. The Boy Who Wanted Work
b. The Boy Who Applied For A Job
c. The World Wants An Honest, Dutiful
2. Which sentence is true?
a. Work awaits any boy.
b. The world’s greatest work can be
c. An honest, faithful and kind boy is
always needed.
3. According to the poem, what does the
world want today?
a. boys who love to play
b. boys who love to work
c. boys who love to watch others

Skill C
Exercise 1
The fox and the stork were formerly good
friends. They often visited each other. One day, the
fox invited the stork to dinner because he wanted
to play a joke on her. At the dinner table, the fox
put soup in a very shallow dish before the stork.
The fox could easily lap the soup, but the poor
stork could only wet the end of her long bill. So, she
left the dinner table as hungry as when she came.
“I’m sorry you did not like the soup,” said the
“Oh, please, don’t apologize,” said the stork
sweetly. “I hope you will come and dine with me
So came the day when fox visited the stork.
The stork served their dinner in a jar with a very
long neck and a narrow mouth. All the fox could do
was lick the outside of the jar.

1. How did the fox feel when he saw where the

stork served dinner?
a. He was angry.
b. He was happy.
c. The story does not say.
2. What do you think happened?
a. The fox thanked the stork.
b. The fox went away satisfied.
c. The fox went away as hungry as when he
3. Was the stork right in what she did?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe

Exercise 2
Pete considered himself a fine
fisherman. He stood on the riverbank as
he held his fishing line with the patience
only a fisherman knew. His heart beat
faster as he felt a tug on the line. He was
excited as he planted his feet firmly on
the ground. He gave a big pull expecting
to find a big fish at the hook of his
fishing line. Disappointment clouded his
face as he stared at his catch.

1. What do you think did Pete catch?

a. a big fish
b. a big turtle
c. a water weed
2. What kind of fisherman was Pete?
a. He was an old fisherman.
b. He was a good fisherman.
c. He was an impatient fisherman.
3. What did Pete do?
a. went away
b. sat on the riverbank
c. threw his fishing line again into the

Exercise 3
Lourdes opened her piggy bank. She
counted her money carefully and went
straight to a downtown store. She
looked with longing at the bright new
sweater on display at the store window.
She wanted to inquire about the price
but as she was about to go in, she
stopped and hesitated. She counted her
money again, then shook her head. At
last, she looked at the sweater with
regret and returned the money into her

1. How did Lourdes feel about the

a. She disliked it.
b. She liked it very much.
c. She just wanted to look at it.
2. What did she intended to do?
a. She wanted to buy it.
b. She wanted to ask for it.
c. She wanted to ask Mother to buy
it for her.
3. Did she finally get the sweater?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe

Exercise 4
“Thank you! O thank you, Father!” cried Jun
embracing his father tightly. “This is the best gift I
have received in my whole life. I have prayed and
longed to own one and my prayer has been
“I am very glad about that,” Father said putting
his arms around his son. “I waited for your
graduation to buy one.”
“I am not very happy about the bicycle,” put in
Mother. “I hope it will not be a source of trouble.”
“You don’t know it, Mother, but I have been
riding Rene’s bike every now and then,” said Jun. “I
can ride very well now.”
One afternoon as Mother was tending her
garden, she saw Jun passed by on his bicycle.
Suddenly there was a crash! People were looking
at the direction where Jun has turned on a curb.

1. What do you think happened?

a. Jun jumped out of his bicycle.
b. Jun made fancy driving on his bicycle.
c. The bicycle bumped against something.
2. What made Jun happy on his graduation day?
a. his graduation
b. his Mother’s advice to him
c. the bicycle his father gave him
3. What do you think happened to Jun’s bicycle?
a. It had a flat tire.
b. It became twisted.
c. The bicycle had some scratches.

Exercise 5
Noel’s pet bird was free to fly around
the house. But its frequent visits were
made in the kitchen much to the
annoyance of their helper. It would fly
straight to the table where it would pick
something to eat.
One warm day, the bird was attached
by sticky flypaper spread on the kitchen. It
pecked at a still struggling fly on the
flypaper. The paper of course got stuck to
its bill. The bird raised one foot to let itself
loose, but its foot got stuck, too. Soon both
its feet were stuck tight on the flypaper. No
amount of pulling, struggling and bird noise
helped the bird in its misfortune. It flew to
a brook nearby the flypaper dangling from
its feet.

1. Since when do you think, was the bird

been Noel’s pet?
a. just a few days ago
b. about a month ago
c. since the bird was a birdling
2. What do you think did the bird want to
do when it flew to a brook nearby?
a. It wanted to look for Noel.
b. It wanted to call its mother.
c. It wanted to dip its body in the
water, hoping to remove the paper from
its feet.
3. Do you think the bird was finally able to
remove the sticky paper from its feet?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe

Exercise 6
As the Bicol Express sped on its way from the
Paco Station, Raul peeped out of the train window.
“Look! Mother,” Raul called to his mother who
was sitting beside him. I can see the streets and the
houses from here. I can have a good view of Makati
“Yes,” answered a woman who was sitting
across them. “Almost all of the squatters’ shanties
have been demolished by the government men.”
“That is for the good of squatters themselves,”
put in an old woman. “They were relocated and
given lands on which to build their houses. Many
of them were sent to their own provinces with a
little money for transportation and for their basic
Raul’s mother sighed as she looked at the
bundle of clothes under their seat, their only
possession. Were she and her son not among those
that these people were talking about? Could they
really have a home of their own now?

1. What is the living standard of the mother and

her child?
a. They belonged to a rich family.
b. They belonged to a very poor family.
c. They belonged to a middle class family.
2. Where do you think did Raul and his mother
come from?
a. the province
b. the Tutuban Station
c. a squatter’s area
3. Where do you think were Raul and his mother
a. to the province
b. to a squatter’s area
c. to the Tutuban Station

Exercise 7
Mang Jose was helping the driver load
baskets of fruits and vegetables in a jeep. His
neighbor, Mang Ambo, approached and
admiringly remarked:
“That’s money again.”
Mang Jose laughed and looked at Mang
Ambo. “That’s true, Ambo,” Mang Jose
answered. “But it is well-earned money. You
can see how my family and I work from
morning till late in the afternoon. Raising fruits
and vegetables in not an easy work but it pay
dividends. I even support our government’s
program of cultivating idle lots.”
“I understand,” Mang Ambo said nodding
his head, “We are just beginning to plant now.”
“It is not yet late,” observed Mang Jose.
“Six months from now you will see the fruits of
your labor.”

1. Did Mang Jose give Mang Ambo some

pointers on how to raise fruits and
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
2. What do you think will happen to Mang
Ambo if he continues with his project?
a. Someday he will drive a jeepney.
b. Someday he will take his daughters and
sons to market.
c. Someday he will market his own fruits
and vegetables.
3. Do you think Mang Ambo will also harvest
plenty of fruits and vegetables?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Never

Exercise 8
As dawn came, Dante felt very cold so
he wrapped himself with his blanket. He
could hear the splashing of water
somewhere and he thought he was
dreaming. Suddenly he heard his father’s
voice shouting to his mother. “Wake Dante
up!” He heard as in a dream. Then he heard
tried to open his eyes but he could not. He
felt someone shaking him so he tried to sit
up on his bed.
“Come, Dante,” his mother said. “Put
some of your clothes in a bag. Don’t forget
to include a blanket and a sweater.” Before
Dante could ask a question, he saw Father
row a banca at the foot of the stairs. Dante
stared. Overnight, the fields around their
house had turned into a vast sea.

1. What did Dante hear?

a. roaring waves
b. splashing of water
c. water leaking from a faucet
2. What do you think made Dante’s place
flooded overnight?
a. the raging storm
b. the wind blowing
c. the leaking faucet
3. Where do you think would Dante’s
father take his family?
a. to the fields
b. to the woods
c. to a higher place

Exercise 9
One afternoon, Nori was waiting for
Gina to pick her up. They had agreed to see
a ball game. When Gina did not arrive, Nori
went to the game by herself. “I guess she
forgot again to stop for me,” Nori thought
Nori was right when she reached the
school ground she was Gina talking and
laughing with Nina.
“Gina used to be my best friend but
now she’d rather be with Nina. No wonder,
the two of them talk movies or parties,”
she thought. “I can’t do anything if she
prefers to go with Nina. After all, they are
birds of the same feathers.”

1. Who used to be the best of friends?

a. Nina and Nori
b. Gina and Nori
c. Gina and Nina
2. Why did Gina and Nori drift apart as
a. They had a quarrel.
b. Nori did not like Gina anymore.
c. They did not have the same
3. What do you think did Nori do?
a. She tried to find a new friend.
b. She tried to please Gina again.
c. She cried and quarreled with Nina.

Exercise 10
“Why are you back so soon?” asked
Mother as she saw Rex coming. “Where is your
“He is out driving his jeep, Mother,”
answered Rex.
“Why would he be driving his jeep without
his license?” asked Mother worriedly. “He will
be doubly fined when he gets caught. Didn’t
you go out with your Father to get back his
license? What happened? Didn’t he get back
his license?”
“Easy, Mother,” said Rex laughing. “It did
not take Father an hour to get back his license.
We didn’t have to wait long. He had no case.
That is the reason why we are back soon. The
employee from whom Father got his license
attended to him at once.”

1. Why do you think did Father drive his

a. He did not get back his license.
b. His license was not given back to him.
c. He was able to get back his license
2. Was Mother right in saying that a person
driving without license will be punished?
a. No
b. Maybe
c. Yes
3. Why was it easy for Father to get back his
a. Father had an influential man with him.
b. Father waited patiently to get his
c. The government employee attended to
him immediately.

Exercise 11
After driving for three hours, the
excursionists reached Pagsanjan Falls
tired and hungry but happy. After eating
under the coconut palms lining the
riverbanks, they rested for a while. They
saw a woman in white bathing suit
walking on the rocks by the riverbank.
They also saw other excursionists trying
to balance themselves on a big rock
above them. There was much shouting
and giggling having a wonderful time
when they suddenly heard a scream.
Then they saw something white fell
from the rocks. There was a long silence
after that.

1. What do you think happened?

a. Somebody fell from the rocks.
b. A white dress fell into the water.
c. Somebody threw a white
2. Why was there a long silence after
the screams?
a. The excursionists were tired.
b. The excursionists were happy.
c. The excursionists were shocked.
3. Why is Pagsanjan a favorite spot for
a. because of its rapids
b. because of the big rocks
c. because of trees around the falls

Exercise 12
“Your father is here now,” Mother said.
“You may set the table, Sonia. He must be
very hungry.”
“Father looks very happy, Mother,”
observed Sonia as she saw her father park
the jeep in front of their yard.
“Maybe he has good news,” Mother
“I have many passengers today,” Father
said as he was coming in. “And still better
news is that I was not caught for any traffic
“That’s really good news. You have
become a law abiding driver,” Mother
remarked happily.

1. What happens when jeepney drivers do

not follow traffic rules and regulations?
a. The drivers fight back.
b. The drivers earn more.
c. The drivers are arrested and fined.
2. Why had Sonia’s father become a
better driver?
a. He repaired his jeep.
b. He earned little for many days.
c. He obeyed traffic rules and
3. Do good drivers help the community?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Never

Exercise 13
Not long agoo, a group of Grade Six
boys and girls kept a careful record of all
cuts, bumps, falls and other accidents
that happened to them for a period of
three months. A study of their accident
record showed many of the accidents
took place in school. Some of these
accidents occurred in the classrooms
and in the halls of school buildings. But
more injuries took place in school shops
and on playgrounds.

1. What accidents are likely to occur on

the playground?
a. being hit by a jeep
b. bumping against posts
c. cuts from pieces of glass, tin cans
and scrap irons
2. How can you keep yourself safe from
a. Obey the safety rules.
b. Ignore the safety rules.
c. Forget the safety fules.
3. Why do injuries often take place in
school shops?
a. Pupils do not use their tools.
b. Pupils do not bring their tools.
c. Pupils do not keep away their

Exercise 14
Mike and Johnny were taking their vacation on
their Uncle Joe’s farm. One morning the two boys
were sitting on the riverbank as they dipped their
hook and line in the water.
“Let’s make a bet,” Mike suggested. “Let’s see
who will have the first catch. Ah! I spoke too soon,
here it comes.” Mike pulled up his line. True
enough there was a fish at the end of the hook.
“Ha! Ha!” laughed Johnny. “Don’t tell me you
will bring home that tiny fish.”
“No, I will set it free,” Mike said. “We don’t
catch little fish. Some people catch fish that are still
very small.
Just then they saw a fisherman pull up his net.
It was full of fish. But they were all still very small.
So Mike and Johnny approached him.

1. From where were Mike and Johnny?

a. from the city
b. from abroad
c. from the farm
2. What do you think did Mike and Johnny do?
a. They bought the fish.
b. They told the fisherman to set the fishes
c. They helped the fisherman sell the fish to
the market.
3. Why do you think did Mike and Johnny want
the fisherman to set the small fish free?
a. The fish did not taste good.
b. They wanted the fish to grow bigger.
c. The small fish would not get a good price.

Exercise 15
Rice is a cereal native in Asia and Africa.
It is the staple food of more than half of the
people in the world.
Rice is a plant that grows the whole
year round. It grows from two to four feet
tall. It has round jointed stems, long-
pointed leaves and seeds borne in dense
heads on separate stalks.
Brown rice with bran layer is rice in
vitamin B, a cure for beriberi. Polished
white rice is rich in starch but low in
protein, fat, and vitamin B. In the Orient,
the fine soft straw of the rice plant is used
for weaving hats and slippers. Powdered
grain is used for making laundry starch and
distilled liquor.

1. What would happen if rice would suddenly

a. People would rejoice.
b. People would not mind.
c. Many people would starve.
2. What will happen to a person with beriberi
if he eats brown rice with the bran layer?
a. He will get weaker.
b. He will die of beriberi.
c. He will be cured of beriberi.
3. Which do you think is more nutritious,
brown rice, or white polished rice?
a. brown rice
b. neither of the two
c. white polished rice

Exercise 16
The root is the part of the plant that
sinks into the soil it gets water and
minerals from the soil and also holds the
plant in position. Roots that grow from
the primary roots are called secondary
roots. Roots that are large and can be
easily seen do not gather much water
but are more of a support for the plant.
Water and minerals are gathered for
the plant by tiny root hairs on the young
root. Roots may be fleshy as in carrots,
sweet potatoes and turnips. These
vegetables are rootcrops. Some are
fibrous like those of grass, corn and
other cereal grains.
1. What would happen to plants it
their roots were cut off?
a. They would die.
b. They would multiply.
c. They would not grow.
2. If trees had no primary roots, what
would happen?
a. They would grow.
b. They would topple down.
c. They would stand straight.
3. Are some roots useful to men?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Never

Exercise 17
Absalom was the third son of King David.
Many admired him for his good looks
especially the beauty and richness of his hair.
But he wanted the kingdom of his father.
When he had gathered enough men, he
declared war against his father, so King David
and his followers were forced to leave
Jerusalem. Barefooted and weeping, King
David’s servants wanted to kill Semet but the
King stopped him. “Don’t trouble him. Perhaps
the Lord will see my sorrow and turn His curses
into blessings.”
Absalom pursued his father and a battle
was fought. Absalom’s army was defeated so
he fled to the woods. But as his mule was
passing under an oak tree, his long hair was
caught in the branches. His mule ran away,
while he remained hanging on the branches.

1. Do you think David was restored to

his kingdom?
a. Maybe
b. No
c. Yes
2. What do you think is the true ending
of the story?
a. King David died in the hands of
his son.
b. King David reigned with his son
c. King David and his followers
returned to Jerusalem.
3. Do you think God punished
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe

Exercise 18
Once there was a little seedling seen by a
farmer. He dug the little seedling and planted
it in his backyard. The soft soil held its roots
firmly to the ground so that it stood erect
towards the blue sky.
At sunset that day, the farmer’s wife came
to look at the new plant in their backyard. “I
wonder if this little tree will bear oranges,” she
said to herself.
The seedling heard her and promised to
give the farmer’s wife oranges if the sun and
rain would help her. The sun and the gentle
rain heard her and helped the little seedling.
Soon the farmer’s wife saw some shoots on it.
“I am sure it will give me some oranges in a few
“It is not old enough to bear oranges yet,”
the farmer said laughing.
“You shall have some oranges after some
years,” said the little seedling softly.
1. If a seedling has some shoots on
it, is it sure to grow?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
2. Why do you think did the farmer’s
wife wonder if the little tree would
bear oranges?
a. All fruit-bearing trees bear fruits.
b. There are many fruit-bearing
c. Not all fruit-bearing trees are sure
to bear fruits.
3. Did the little seedling keep her
promise to the farmer’s wife?
a. No
b. Yes
c. Maybe

Exercise 19
It was wintertime and most of the birds
have migrated to warmer places. There were
still a few left behind. Some of them lived on
the roof of Marissa’s house. One morning
Marissa was awakened by a noise on her
window. Looking out of the window, she saw a
big bird that seemed hungry. She hurriedly
went to the kitchen and got a piece and put
these on her window sill. Marissa went to one
corner of her room to see if the bird would
come. Soon the bird came, picked a piece with
its bill and flew away. Then it came again, got
another piece and flew away with it. It
returned again and again until not a single
piece was left on the window sill. Marissa
placed pieces of bread on her window sill every
morning during the whole winter.

1. Why do you think did the bird not eat

the pieces of bread on the window sill?
a. It was afraid.
b. It was not hungry yet.
c. It brought the pieces of bread to her
baby birds.
2. What do you think will happen if birds
do not migrate to warmer places during
a. Many of them will die.
b. They will have no place to live in.
c. They will bury themselves in the
3. When do you need to provide food for
a. during winter
b. during summer
c. during autumn

Exercise 20
“Good morning, can I help you?” asked a
policeman as he was approaching Father who
had just finished tinkering on the engine of his
“Good morning,” answered Father looking
embarrassed. “I thought something was wrong
with my jeep gasoline. We came from the
province and I am taking my wife and daughter
downtown to shop for our little store.”
“I will help you push your jeep to the side
of the street,” volunteered the policeman.
“There is a gasoline station not far from here
where you can buy gasoline. You can ask for a
can where to put your gasoline.
Father and the policemen pushed the jeep
to one side of the street. “Thank you,” Father
The policeman smiled, “You’re welcome.”
Mother and I smiled at the policeman and
thanked him, too.

1. Do you think the policeman was just

doing his duty when he helped Father
push the jeep?
a. Yes b. No c. Maybe
2. Why do you think it was necessary to
push the jeep on the side of the road?
a. because it was not nice to look at
b. because it was against the law
c. so that it would not obstruct
3. How should a cop behave in dealing
with people?
a. A cop should always frighten
b. A policeman should only be ready
to catch criminals.
c. A policeman should always be
polite and ready to help.

Exercise 21
Mother was sweeping the yard when
her daughter arrived almost breathless.
“You know, Mother,” Maria said, “we
will not go far anymore to buy things.
There is a store being built near our place.”
“Where?” asked Mother.
“Just three houses from ours.” Digna,
another daughter, explained. “It is located
on the vacant lot which was formerly a
dumping ground.”
“Is Aling Petra the owner of the store?”
asked Mother again.
“Yes, Mother,” said Maria, “she owns
the store. Isn’t it nice, Mother? We will
have a store near our place and we can buy
things much cheaper than those at Chinese

1. Which is a good ending for the

a. Mother bought from Aling Petra’s
b. Mother bought from a Chinese
store nearby.
c. Mother did not buy from any
2. Why do you think will the store be of
great help to the people?
a. It has many things to sell.
b. Things are much cheaper there.
c. Things are much expensive there.
3. What is likely to happen if we buy
from Filipino stores?
a. Nothing good will happen.
b. Filipino store owners will
c. Chinese store owners will
Exercise 22
“Mother, what is a land?” Baby Fish asked
Mother Fish. “May I go and find out?”
But his mother would not let him go. Baby
Fish was very much disappointed. He did not
like to eat and play. Mother Fish was afraid
Baby Fish might die so she allowed him to go.
Baby Fish was very happy, but his Mother was
very sad. Baby Fish swam and swam. Soon he
became hungry. He saw one live shrimp. He
caught the shrimp and was about to swallow it
when he felt a tug in his mouth. He tightened
his bite on the shrimp. But he felt he was
pulled upward and fast.
“This shrimp must be very strong,” thought
Baby Fish. He was not frightened. He opened
his mouth to let the shrimp set himself free but
the pull upward was strong. Then he felt
himself being lifted outside of the water and
being tossed to the land.

1. What do you think happened to

Baby Fish?
a. It was caught in a net.
b. It was eaten by a shark.
c. It was caught on a fishing rod.
2. Why do you think was the shrimp
stuck in its mouth?
a. The shrimp was sticky.
b. The shrimp was smooth.
c. The shrimp was a bait on the
3. Do you think Baby Fish enjoyed his
trip to the land?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Perhaps

Exercise 23
There are many good reasons why
we should plant and grow vegetables.
Among them are:
a. To provide our family with food
b. To provide income for the family
c. To have a balanced diet for the
d. To have a beautiful home garden
e. To provide a wholesome and
healthful hobby
f. To help or assist in the food
production campaign of the
g. To help our country become self-
sufficient in food.
1. If all will plant vegetables in their
backyards, what good will this do to all of
a. We will have enough food.
b. We will make ourselves beautiful.
c. We will have plenty of time to play.
2. What do you think will happen to a
family with good income?
a. It will lack food.
b. It will go hungry.
c. It will have enough in life.
3. If all people eat balanced diet with
plenty of vegetables, what will happen?
a. Sickness will spread.
b. People will be healthy.
c. Death rate will increase.

Exercise 24
In a little village lived a boy named Mike
Diaz. He was fond of setting traps for little
animals that greatly abound in the woods near
his village.
One early morning, he went into the
woods to look at his two traps. As he came
near the first one, he saw a squirrel had been
caught. The poor frightened creature was
struggling to escape.
Mike ran towards the trap. Suddenly his
food slipped and was gripped with a snap.
Down he went to the ground. He knew what
had happened. He was caught in the other
trap. He was not frightened at first because he
thought he could set himself free but the chain
would not let him go no matter how hard he
Just out of his reach lay the squirrel panting
with pain and terror. For the first time in his
life, Mike understood what he was doing.
1. What do you think could Mike
catch the little animals?
a. He could run fast.
b. He had good traps.
c. He had strong hands.
2. What did Mike find out?
a. the joy of trapping animals
b. the best way to trap animals
c. the pain and torture suffered by
the trapped animals
3. What do you think did Mike do
a. He stopped setting traps for
b. He continued setting traps for
c. He looked for another places to
set his trap.

Exercise 25
Jay woke up early and prepared a cup of
hot coffee for his mother. He was going to the
market to help clean the stall of the old
butcher whose helper went away.
“Be careful, Jay,” his mother advised him.
“There are many dogs around and it is still
Before the butcher arrived, Jay had
cleaned his stall.
“You are early, Jay,” the butcher said.
“I know you have no helper,” Jay
answered. “So I cleaned your stall before the
meat arrives.”
“You are a very kind boy,” the butcher said.
“How would you like to go back to school?”
“I like it very much,” answered Jay sadly,
“But Mother is sick and we have no money.”
The butcher nodded thoughtfully and then
smiled at Jay. “You can go back to school if you
like,” he said.
1. Why do you think did Jay clean
the butcher’s stall early?
a. The market opens early.
b. The market opens at noontime.
c. Market goers come in the
2. What could be Jay’s reason in
cleaning the butcher’s stall?
a. He wanted to earn money.
b. He wanted to see the market.
c. He wants to ask for some meat.
3. From the story, do you think Jay
went back to school?
a. Yes
b. Maybe
c. No

Exercise 26
Mang Toribio was very poor and had
many children. One night he told his
wife that his friend, Katindig, had asked
him if he wanted to join in putting up a
slipper store. His wife encouraged him
to do so. With a little capital, Mang
Toribio and Kantindig put up a little
slipper store. At first they made a few
pairs of slippers. Then more orders
came in. The two friends were very
happy when the slippers sold fast. Time
came when they included shoes in their
store. The store prospered until the
owners became millionaires. Mang
Toribio became known as Don Toribio of
Ang Tibay shoes.

1. What kind of a man was Mang

a. kind
b. hospitable
c. industrious
2. Why do you think did the shoes sell
a. They were durable.
b. They were found everywhere.
c. They were no other kinds of
3. What was another reason for the
shoes to sell fast?
a. They were expensive.
b. They were nicely made.
c. They were of low quality.

Exercise 27
Father woke Miguel up early so he
could go to the ricefields with him.
“Why are we early, Father?” asked
“We will select and pick rice seeds for
our planting next year,” answered Father.
Miguel was happy he could help his
father select the seeds. When they reached
the ricefields, Miguel asked, “How do you
select the seeds, Father?”
“Pick only the biggest and fullest heads
from the tallest and strongest plants. They
will give the fullest and biggest grains. Big
and full seeds will give us plants that will
bear big and full grains,” explained Father.
“You see, that’s why we had a good harvest
last year.”

1. Why do you think did Father have a

good harvest last year?
a. He planted many seeds.
b. He had many palay plants.
c. The seeds of palay he planted were
2. Why do you think will Father select the
seeds for next year’s planting?
a. to have a good harvest
b. to share the seeds with his friends
c. to have plenty of seeds to give away
to his neighbors.
3. What kind of grains will selected seeds
a. big and full grains
b. small round grains
c. long and thin grains

Exercise 28
One day, Lino was passing by a
clump of bamboo trees on his way
home from school when he heard the
meowing of a cat. He was about to walk
pass but the meowing continued as if in
pain. He put his bag down and went to
the bamboo clumps. He found a cat
whose paw was caught between
bamboo stumps. He freed the cat, but
still it lay moaning painfully. Lino tried
to soothe the cat’s injured food when all
of a sudden Lino jumped and cried in

1. Why do you think did Lino cry in

a. The cat scratched his arm.
b. He was tickled by the cat’s hair.
c. He had a headache.
2. Why could the cat not walk?
a. It was weak.
b. Its foot was soft.
c. Its food might have been
3. Do you think Lino brought the cat
home for a pet?
a. No
b. Yes
c. Perhaps

Exercise 29
Delicious pili nuts come from the
Bicol Region. It tastes like almonds and
is the pride of the Bicolanos.
Among with abaca and coconut
trees, the pili trees are plentiful in Bicol.
They grow tall and health due to the
region’s cool and rainy climate. The
Bicolanos claim that it is only in Bicol
where people take time to mind the pili
trees at harvest time. Pili nut sweets are
sold at a good price. The simplest way
to prepare pili nuts is to cook them in

1. Why do you think do pili nuts grow

well in the Bicol region?
a. because of its people
b. because of its climate
c. because of its weather
2. Do you think pili tree farming is
a. Maybe.
b. No, it is hard to grow pili nuts.
c. Yes, it can mean more income.
3. Why do you think do the people like
pili nuts?
a. They are rare.
b. They are costly.
c. They are tasty and can be
prepared in many ways.

Exercise 30
Jose Rizal stayed at the house of Governr
Carnicero when he was exile to Dapitan. The
governor treated him like a guest and not like
a prisoner. Jose Rizal was free to come and go
and visit anybody who needed a doctor. But
Rizal wanted a home of his own. Governor
Carnicero agreed to this but he made Rizal
promise not to escape. “I promise,” was Rizal’s
answer to Carnicero.
One time Rizal was tempted to break his
promise. Doctor Pio Valenzuela visited him in
Dapitan. He told Rizal about the revolution and
how the Katipunan planned to set him free.
But Rizal shook his head. “I have promised the
governor, I will not escape.”
Another chance came for Rizal to escape
he was aboard a ship that brought him back to
Manila. Bonifacio had sent some men on the
ship to help him escape.

1. Do you think Rizal did escape?

a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
2. Why do you think so?
a. He was true to his promise.
b. He was tired being a prisoner.
c. He wanted to fight against the
3. Had Rizal grabbed that chance to
escape, what do you think would have
a. He would not have been shot.
b. He would readily have joined the
c. He would have gone in hiding to
another country.
Exercise 31
Thailand was formerly known as
Siam. Thailand means “Land of the
Free”. The people are called Thais
meaning “Free People”. They are calm,
softspoken and peaceful. They are
happy, charming and gracious, that is
why their country is called the “Land of
The first people of Thailand were the
Negritos but they were driven into the
mountains by the Mon Aumaoms and
the Lao-Thais. Thailand was conquered
by Japan during World War II, but won
her freedom in 1946. Their women, like
many Filipino women, occupy an
important position in society.

1. Are Thais similar to the Filipinos in

some ways?
a. Yes b. No c. Perhaps
2. Why do you think so?
a. They have the same likes and
b. They were both conquered by
c. Both of their aborigines were
called Negritos.
3. If you were to visit Thailand, do you
think you would find the people warm
and hospitable?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe

Exercise 31
You would think a desert queer if you
live in a place where there are flowers,
trees, and green grass throughout the
summer. Almost all the deserts found in
the United States are caused by lack of
rain. In these places, there is this time,
the earth seems to have been baked.
Only plants like cactus can grow on the
desert. The cactus has a thick body and
its leaves store moisture. These plants
have painful thorns to keep of the
creatures who might rob them for their
moisture, Yes, the desert is truly a queer

1. Will the desert make a good place to live

a. No, life will be very hard there.
b. Yes, because there are few creatures
c. Maybe, because there is no pollution
2. If there were enough rain in the desert, do
you think it would make any difference?
a. No, rainwater easily sinks into the sand.
b. Not much difference because we are
used to a hot climate.
c. Yes, more plants will grow and more
animas will thrive there.
3. Why do you think do cactus plants grow
well in the desert?
a. They like the climate there.
b. They need very little water in order to
c. They like a place where there are no

Exercise 31
The Nayong Pilipino was once considered
as a small Philippines. It was located in a 35-
hectare lot near the Ninoy Aquino
International Airport. This is why the tourists
from the airport, who have no time to see the
entire Philippines, could drop in there so that
they could see a replica of the country in their
short visit.
Inside the Nayong Pilipino, one could see
things we could be proud of like: the historical
place where the first mass in Cebu was
celebrated, the ulog of the Mountain Province,
the rice terraces of Ifugaos, the famous
Chocolate Hills of Bohol, the Mayon Volcato
and the Cagsawa Church, the temple of the
Muslims, the uniform huts of the Badjaos and
other Philippine landmarks.
The Nayong Pilipino was truly a great pride
that showed a part of Philippine Culture.

1. Why do you think was the Nayong Pilipino

a. That was the only project the government
could afford.
b. There was nothing else the government
could think of putting up.
c. To enable the tourists to see the Philippines
even without having to leave Manila.
2. Do you think it was built only for the foreign
a. Maybe.
b. Yes, so that they would think our country is
c. No, it was built only for the foreign visitors
as well as for Filipinos who want to see the beauty
of their country.
3. Should the Filipinos be proud of the Nayong
a. Yes, because it showed the rich culture of
the Philippines.
b. No, because some of the views there were
poorly done.
c. No, because there are so many things like it
in other countries.

Exercise 34
Saving our wild plants is a great
concern of the government. Some of
our wild orchids and ornamental plants
are rare and command a high price. If
they are properly conserved the
cultivated, they will add to our country’s
wealth. Wild orchids, roses and lilies are
a joy to look at. They make our homes
beautiful and help cheer us up. They
make beautiful decorations. Plants take
in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen
which men and animals use in order to

1. Do you think we really need to

conserve our wild plants?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
2. Why do you think so?
a. They are useful.
b. They are of no value.
c. They make our country forested.
3. What do you think would happen if
there were no plants around us?
a. No animals would live.
b. Our surroundings would be
c. Our world would even be more

Exercise 35
This is the story of a Filipino who brought
honor to our country. He was Panday Pira, a
Muslim from the South, who lived in Manila.
He was considered the best blacksmith during
the Spanish time.
Legazpi ordered Martin de Goiti to conquer
Rajah Soliman, Chief of Manila, because he did
not like to pay taxes to the Spaniards. Led by
Martin de Goiti, the Spaniards invade the city.
Rajah Soliman was defeated and his cannons
and other arms were confiscated. Martin de
Goiti admired the cannons and sent them to
“These cannons are far better than the
cannons coming from Spain,” Legazpi said.
Legazpi called for Panday Pira and made
him official cannon-maker for the Spanish

1. Why do you think were Rajah Soliman

and his men defeated despite having
superior arms than what the Spaniards
a. They were afraid of the Spaniards.
b. They were awed by the Spaniards.
c. They were fewer in number than the
2. Why did Legazpi call for Panday Pira?
a. He wanted Pira to succeed Rajah
b. He wanted Pira to surrender all the
c. He wanted Pira to make cannons for
the Spanish army.
3. If you were Panday Pira, would you
have accepted Legazpi’s offer?
a. Maybe, out of fear for my life.
b. Yes, I would only be too glad to work
for the Spaniards.
c. No, I would not accept the offer and
even if it meant my death.

Exercise 36
Our country relies mainly on fish as a
source of protein. The daily diet of the
Filipinos consists of seafood with rice. It is
said that fishing grounds around centers of
population as Manila Bay and Lingayen
Gulf do not give fish as much as before.
From 1965 to 1969, the Philippines
imported no less that 50 million pesos
worth of fish and other fish products due
to our increasing population. This is the
very reason for us to conserve our marine
resources. Laws have been passed to
prohibit the use of dynamite to protect fry
and fish eggs and to prevent exploitation of

1. Why do you think are Manila Bay

and Lingayen Gulf getting short of fish?
a. There are plenty of fishes.
b. Even small fishes are caught.
c. Too much fish is caught so very
little fish is left.
2. Why do we have to import fish?
a. We need dollars.
b. We need plenty of fishes.
c. We lack fish for our increasing
3. What may happen if we don’t
conserve our sea resources?
a. We may have no fish to eat.
b. We may have to eat more fish.
c. We may have to import all the
fishes we want.
Exercise 37
I shot an arrow into the air
It fell to earth, I knew not where;
For, so swiftly it flew, the sight
Could not follow it in its flight.

I breathed a song into the air

It fell to earth I knew not where;
For who has sight so keen and strong
That he can follow the flight of a song?
Long, long afterwards on an oak
I found the arrow still unbroken;
And the song from beginning to end
I found again in the heart of a friend.

1. What do you think was the
a. a gift
b. a debt
c. a good deed
2. What do you think was the song
a. kind deeds
b. kind people
c. kind words
3. How did the arrow and the song
come back?
a. as bad deeds
b. as bad thoughts
c. as a reward of friendship

Exercise 38
There was a time when Thomas
Edison wandered in the great city of
New York. He had no friends and had
very little money. His clothes were
shabby and he was very hungry. For
three weeks he walked through the
streets to find work.
One day he went into an office to
apply for work. It so happened that the
telegraph machine was out of order. No
one knew what the trouble was. Edison
volunteered to make it work.
They laughed at him but they
allowed him to try. After a little while,
the machine worked again.
1. Do you think Edison was able to
repair the machine?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
2. Do you think he was given work in
that office?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
3. What kind of a worker do you think
was Edison?
a. a jolly worker
b. an inventive worker
c. a destructive worker

Exercise 39
Just before Christmas, the Dennis
Supermart advertised for a boy with
bicycle to help deliver orders for a few
hours each morning. Three boys presented
themselves to the manager. Nilo was
neatly dressed and well-groomed. Jun
came in a bright colored shirt which
matched his long hair and mustache. When
they entered the manager’s office, Nilo
greeted the manager with a courteous
“Good morning,” while Jun sat astride on a
chair. Arturo stood by the table smoothing
his tight fitting pants. The manager looked
closely at each boy. Then he asked one of
the boys to remain while he asked the
other two to leave and try again next time.

1. Who of the three boys did the

manager choose?
a. Jun
b. Nilo
c. Arturo
2. Why do you think did the manager
need a boy just before Christmas?
a. They were short of help.
b. They wanted to train a boy.
c. There were more shoppers during
the Christmas season.
3. What was the manager’s work?
a. selling in the store
b. supervising the store
c. watchman in the store

Exercise 40
“My! What a nice car,” said Rene as he
saw his Cousin Mel riding in his toy car.
“My father bought this yesterday,”
answered Mel proudly. “Want to try it?”
“Why, yes, thank you,” Rene said as Mel
got off his car. “It is just like a real car,” he
said as he tried the wheel. After a short
drive, he stopped the car. “Your father is
very good,” he observed. “He buys you
many nice things.”
“That is right,” answered Mel. “Father
works hard so he can buy us things. You
know very well we have a big poultry. All of
us work together to make our poultry
produce more. Last week, we were able to
gather about a thousand eggs.”

1. Why do you think could Mel’s father

buy nice things for the family?
a. Mel’s father was proud.
b. Mel’s father had a big salary.
c. Their poultry brought in much
2. Do you think one is sure to have nice
things by working hard?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Maybe
3. Which of these does Mel’s father
involve himself in?
a. self-help projects
b. Green Revolution
c. cottage industry

Exercise 1
Have you seen an earthworm?
Children are afraid of the earthworm. It
lives in moist soil. It has no head and it
breathes through its skin. If you cut an
earthworm in two, the parts will still
The earthworm is harmless. It helps
the farmers and plant growers. The
earthworm bores many holes in the soil.
This way the soil becomes soft and well-
mixed. Then more air goes into the soil.
Soft, well-mixed and airy soil is good for
the plants. Earthworms help the plants
grow well.
1. In what kind of soil does the
earthworm live?
2. Does the earthworm have a head?
Write Yes or No.

3. Write the word that tells where the

earthworm breathes through.

4. Write the earthworm have a head?

Write Yes or No.

5. Copy the correct sentence.

a. The earthworm is harmful
b. The earthworm kills the plants
c. The earthworm helps the plants

Exercise 2
Jose Rizal loved his people especially
the youth.
Jose Rizal believed in the young
people of his country. He wrote a
patriotic poem entitled, “To The Filipino
Youth”, dedicated to his countrymen. In
this poem, he called the young Filipino
the “fair hope of his fatherland”.
Rizal also wrote “Noli Me Tangere”.
In this novel, he called on the youth to
serve their country. He called on them
to study harder and do the best they
could to achieve peace and progress for
the Philippines.
1. Copy the name of the poem Rizal
2. To whom did he dedicate the poem?
a. to his mother
b. to his countrymen
c. to the Filipino youth
3. Write the name of the book Rizal
4. Copy the word that describes what
kind of poem “To The Filipino Youth” is.

5. What was Rizal’s counsel to the

a. to study hard
b. to write books
c. to take up arms

Exercise 3
It was Christmas Eve. Mr. Cruz’s
family had finished their Noche Buena.
“Come on children,” Mother called.
“Hang your stockings and go to bed.”
Sonia hung one for her mother, one for
her father and a very small one for her
baby brother. Tess put hers on one
corner of her mirror. Dennis pinned his
on the curtain of his bedroom window
and Edmer found a place near his

1. Write the name of the holiday that

the children were preparing for.
2. What did the children do before
going to bed? Copy the answer.
3. Copy the phrase that tells what the
family would do.
a. go to bed b. go to a party
c. go to the movies
4. Copy the sentence that is true.
a. Sonia hung one stocking for
b. Sonia hung stockings for herself
and her mother.
c. Sonia hung stockings for her
mother, father and for her baby

5. Write the name of the boy who

pinned his stockings on the curtain of
his bedroom.

Exercise 4
To have friends, you must genuinely
like people and consider their feelings.
Here are some hints for keeping friends:
Be true to your word. Get out of your
way to be friendly and help others. Be a
good listener. Avoid talking about people
behind their backs. Avoid laughing at the
mistakes of others and going around
correcting people. Do your share of the
work – don’t be lazy. Be neat and clean.
Don’t insist on having your way. Don’t feel
that you are better than others, and be
careful not to give that impression. Treat
others as you, yourself, would like to be

1. Copy the phrase that tells what the

selection is about.
a. how to be popular
b. how to make and keep friends
c. how to be at ease in a gathering
2. What should one avoid? Draw a circle
around the letter of the correct answer.
a. Avoid talking to people.
b. Avoid participating in a conversation.
c. Avoid taking about people behind their
3. Copy the sentence that is true.
a. Be neat b. Talk everytime
c. Wear new clothes everytime.
4. Write the sentence that tells what you
should not do.
a. Do your share of the work.
b. Be friendly and help others.
c. Laugh at mistakes of others.

5. Should you always insist on having your

way? Write your answer.
a. No b. Yes c. Maybe
Exercise 5
It was Saturday morning and Wally
was getting ready to fly his kite. Soon his
friends Dennis and Berto came along.
Together they went to the field. They
tossed their kits up to the air. The kites
flew up into the sky until they look like
birds. They boys had a fine time.
Suddenly the kite flew way up to the
sky. He ran fast to follow his kite. Dennis
ran to follow Wally. At last Wally’s kite
landed on a treetop. Wally and Dennis
reached the tree where the kite landed.
Wally climbed the tree and brought his
kite down, but it could not fly anymore.
Its wings and tail were broken.

1. What day was it?

2. Write the words that tell who came
along while Wally was flying his kite.

3. Which of these phrases tell what the

boys had. Copy the phrase.
a. had a fine time
b. had a bad time
c. had an accident

4. Draw the things that looked like


5. Why could Wally’s kite not fly?

Exercise 6
Norma arrived in their house in the
barrio tired but happy. She had just come
from town and her basket was full of things
she bought from the market. Now, they
will have enough food for one whole week.
Her father can have meat in his binalot
when he goes to the field. She put out the
list of thngs she bought. Norma was sure
her mother would be sad whe she shows
her list. Pork meat cost her P 110.00 a kilo;
beef, P 160.00 a kilo; sugar, P 28.00 a kilo;
coffee, P 40.50 for one small glass; canned
goods like milk, sausages including butter
cost higher than before.

1. Write the answer that tells how

much is the difference between the
cost of beef and pork.
a. P 50.00 b. P 18.00
c. P 24.00
2. Copy the answer that tells how much
a kilo of sugar costs.
a. P 8.35 b. P 14.00
c. P 28.00
3. Copy the answer that tells the cost
of one glass of coffee.
a. P 40.50 b. P 39.00 c. P 75.00
4. Write the word that tells where
Norma bought the things in her basket.
a. supermarket b. market c.
5. Write the word that tells what father
takes with him to the field.

Exercise 7
A pretty little pigeon built her nest
high in the attic of an old barn. After
some days, she had five little white
eggs. How proud Mrs. Pigeon was! She
kept the eggs warm under her soft
wings. After about three weeks four
fuzzy young pigeons broke through
their shells and peeped out to take a
look at the world. Mother Pigeon
looked anxiously at one tiny egg that
was still unhatched. Father pleaded for
some more days for the egg to hatch.
Three days passed and Mother Pigeon
heard a weak chirp from the egg and a
tiny pigeon poked its head out of the

1. If the five little eggs were white,

draw a circle, if not, draw a cross.
2. Copy the phrase that tells where
Mother Pigeon kept her eggs warm.
3. Write the number of unhatched eggs
after about three weeks.
4. Did the remaining egg stay
unhatched? Answer with yes or no.
5. Copy the word that tells where
Father Pigeon wanted the tiny egg to
be pushed out. Choose the word from
the following and underline it.
from the attic from the cave
from the nest from the house

Exercise 8
Hog-raising is profitable for the
family. Hogs can be raised in your
backyards. A hog 8 to 10 months old is
just right to start your piggery. If you can
afford it, get a mestizo breed for this
grows faster than our native breed.
Select hogs that are health with long
body and short legs. They grow faster ad
give more meat. A hog’s growth and
health depend upon how you take care
of it. So you should feed your hog well.
Hogs love to eat. To avoid spending too
much on feeds, raise and fatten your
hog chiefly on surplus garden products
or meal scraps.
1. If hogs are not profitable to raise,
draw a cross. If they are, put a check
after number 1.
2. How old should the hog be to start a
piggery? Write the number of months.
3. Write at least two phrases that
describe the hog you will choose.
4. What do hogs love to do? Copy the
play work eat bathe
5. With what can you feed your hogs to
fatten it?
Cross the phrase.
meal scraps rice bran

Exercise 9
The bus stopped in front of the
school gate. Boys and girls got off
nimble and noisily. But Nilo waited for
this turn to get out. He slowly slung his
bag across his shoulders and walked
towards the door of the bus. He looked
to the left and to the right to see if there
were vehicles coming his way. Then he
went straight to his room. After greeting
his teacher he helped her put the room
in order. Then he went out to wait for
the bell.

1. Write the name of the boy

mentioned in the story.
2. Which of the following best describe
Nilo? Underline it.
a. Lazy b. Good c. Bold
3. How did he cross the street? Draw a
circle around the letter of the correct
a. He walked very fast.
b. He ran hurriedly across the street.
c. He looked to his left and to his right.
4. Copy the words which describe how
the children got off the bus.
5. Nilo went straight to the playground
and played with his classmates. Answer
this with true or false.

Exercise 10
In line with the Green Revolution
campaign, we can use every available
space to plant vegetables. Such places
may be:
in backyards
in frontyards
in pots
on open spaces in vacant lots or on
idle fields between rows of trees
on rice paddies (pilapil)
on vacant portions of land within
compounds of health clinics or health
on unused land within school
on farms for commercial scale

Write the answers:

1. In what parts of your yard can you
plant vegetables?
2. Where can you plant vegetables, if
there are rows of trees planted?
3. In what part of the ricefields can you
plant vegetables?
4. When there are no spaces available,
where can you plant vegetables?
Choose your answer.
pots beds chairs boxes
5. Can you plant vegetables on the idle
strips of land?
Write Yes or No, for your answer.

Exercise 11
During your years of rapid growth, it
is important that you get enough
nutritious food to meet your increasing
energy needs. Besides eating some of
each of the seven basic foods each day,
you may also need to eat extra amounts
of energy-giving foods such as butter,
baked beans, macaroni, fortified
margarine, cheese, peanut butter, ice
cream and rice. However, one should
remember that these energy foods
should be eaten in addition to – not in
place of – such essential foods as milk,
eggs, fruits, meat, vegetables and whole
grains, enriched bread or cereals.

1. Copy the names of two energy-giving

2. List down three of the essential
3. Is it important that you get enough
nutritious food to meet your rapid
growing needs? Answer with
Yes or No.
4. Write down two items in the seven
basic foods.
5. If enriched bread is an essential
food, put a check after the number. If it
is not, put a cross.

Exercise 12
Niño’s uncle is in the U.S. Navy. Every
now and then, his uncle sends him toys,
chocolates, candies, and articles from
the United States. His school bag is
made in U.S.A. His jacket, wristwatch
and pencil case are also “Stateside”.
Niño proudly shows off his
“belongings” to his friends. He thinks his
Stateside belongings are better than the
locally produced things that his
classmates are using.
Niño always speaks highly of his
uncle in the U.S. Navy. When he grows
up, he wants to be like his uncle and be
a member of the U.S. Navy, too.

1. Which of the following do you think best

describes Niño? Box your answer.
patriotic unpatriotic selfish
2. Which is true about Niño? Encircle the
letter of the correct answer.
a. He likes Stateside articles.
b. He is fond of locally produced
c. He feels proud of his country’s
3. In what subject do you think could this be a
a. Mathematics
b. Communication Arts
c. Character Education
4. Write what Niño wants to be when he
grows up.

5. Write T if this statement is true; F if it is

All Articles that come from the U.S. are
really better than our locally produced
Exercise 13
Nori and her mother were looking at
the railroad travel folder. They were
looking at the attractive pictures, maps
and interesting descriptions of beauty
spots in the Philippines. They decided to
go to Bicol Province to see the beautiful
Mayon Volcano. They took two round
trip tickets for express Limited. By doing
this, Nori and her mother could save
some money. They intended to take the
plant but the railroad travel folder
indicated that it’s cheaper to go by
train. The Express Limited is one of the
new models acquired by the Philippine
National Railways.

1. Print the title of the story.

2. Write what Nori and her mother
were looking at.
3. Write what kind of ticket they

4. Write what made Nori and her

mother decide to travel by train.

5. Write the place chosen by Nori and

her mother to visit. Put a square
around your answer.

Exercise 14
Apolinario Mabini loved his mother
very much. His mother was thrifty and
hardworking. She did all the work in the
house and helped her husband tend
their coffee trees. Mabini’s father and
mother knew that he was an intelligent
boy. It was his mother who decided to
help that they had no money to support
him, they sent Mabini to Manila to
study Mabini worked his way through
college. How hard his parents worked to
be able send him a few pesos! Mabini’s
mother wanted him to be a priest but
Mabini knew he would be a good
1. Copy the phrase that describes
Mabini’s mother.
a. Honest and kind c. Thrifty and
b. Beautiful and shy
2. Write the word that ells what kind of
a boy Mabini was. Put this inside the
3. Write the word that tells who
decided to send Mabini to Manila.
Write it in capital letters.
4. Copy the word that tells what
Mabini’s mother wanted him to be.
5. What did his parents do to send him
a few pesos? Underline the phrase.
worked hard gamble sold
Exercise 15
We just wonder how Rizal in his
short life learned so many things. He
was only thirty-five years old when he
died, but he could speak about twenty-
six languages. We know he was a
doctor, a write, an artist and a scientist.
When he was exiled to Dapitan, he
learned to be a farmer. He was a
teacher and a businessman. He was also
a good swimmer, and an expert in
fencing and boxing.
1. Write what the story is about.
a. Rizal b. A student c.
2. Write the number of languages Rizal
learned to speak.
3. List four things that tell what Rizal
4. Which of these did Rizal learn in
farming dentistry

5. Copy all the words that tell what

other things Rizal was good in.
swimming baseball fencing
Exercise 16
There is a contest for the cleanest
and most beautiful barrio. How can our
barrios be made beautiful and clean? All
the people in each barrio can help in this
project. The first thing is to start with
the yard. Clean the yard and dispose the
garbage properly. Fence the yard with
bamboo or hedges. The gumamela or
bougainvilla can serve as fence. The
backyard can be planted with
vegetables. Flowering plants can be
planted in pots and placed on window
sills. Keep the pigs and chicken out of
the yard by putting them in pens. There
should be clean canals and good
drainage to keep the surroundings
1. Write the phrase that tells what the
contest is about.
2. Where is the contest being held?
Write the word in capital letters.

3. Write two hedges that will make

good fences.

4. Write two things which should be

kept out of the yard.

5. Copy the word that tells what may

be planted in the backyard.
fruit tress vegetables
flowering plants
Exercise 17
The exercises below will
help you recall your knowledge
of important words used in
Mathematics. These will also
help you understand words
you do no know.

Underline the letter of the correct answer.

1. Hectare is used when referring to _________.
a. land b. money c. electricity d. coal

2. Sum is the answer to a problem in _________.

a. addition c. subtraction
b. multiplication d. division

3. You find the average by _________.

a. subtracting c. multiplying and
b. multiplying d. division

4. You find the average by _________.

a. money in the bank c. money you
b. money you have d. adding and dividing

5. Product is obtained in the process of

a. addition c. multiplication
b. subtraction d. division

Exercise 18
Electricity has become a servant and
a messenger in the modern world. It
lights homes, runs machines in factories
and makes distant people neighbors.
Electricity has given us all the comforts
in life through electrical appliances used
in our homes. Science has helped us in
making the most out of electricity. Work
has become lighter with the advent of

1. Write two words that tell what has

become of electricity.
2. Has electricity made our work
lighter? Write your answer inside a

3. Copy the phrase that tells what has

brought comfort to our lives.

4. Which has helped people make the

most out of electricity?

5. Write the title of the story.

Exercise 19
It’s hard to tell what makes a friend
It isn’t looks or style
Just something that you can’t explain
That makes them seem worthwhile.

It isn’t anything they say

Or anything they do
But what it is that makes a friend
I’ve found them all in you

1. Write the number of stanzas in the

2. Write what the poem tells about.

3. Is it easy to tell what makes a friend?

Answer with Yes or No.

4. Copy the line in the stanza which

tells why “it’s hard to explain what
makes a friend.”

5. Write the line that tells where the

writer found the things that make a

Exercise 20
Our country’s fishing resources are
fast dwindling because of dynamite
fishing. Using dynamite in fishing kills
thousands of fish. It is the chief cause of
the rapid disappearance of fish stocks
from our lakes, rivers and seas. A stick
of dynamite thrown into school of fish
kills not that they could have spawned.
The mature ones are not only the ones
killed. Fish, eggs, fries, and fingerlings
within close range of the blast are also
destroyed. This is why dynamite fishing
is prohibited.

1. Write the title of the selection and

underline it.
2. Write the cause of fish dwindling

3. What can cause death to thousands

of fish and the countless generations of
fish? Copy the phrase.

4. List three things a blast of dynamite

can destroy.

5. What step did the government take

in connection with dynamite fishing?
Write your answer in one word.

Exercise 21
Dogs like different kinds of food just
as people do. A grown up dog that is at
least twelve months old should have
only one full meal a day with a snack in
the morning or at night. A mixture of
cooked meat, rice or dry bread crumbs
is a good meal for a dog. He should
never be given chicken bones for it
might do damage to his intestines.
Instead, give him a large bone to gnaw.
A dog should not be given candies or
highly seasoned foods. Walk or romp
with your dog regularly to give him
1. What does a dog like just as people
do? Draw a square around the letter of
the correct answer.
a. a big house b. lots of money
c. different kinds of food
2. Write how many times a dog should
be fed in a day.
3. Write what you should avoid giving
your dog.
4. Copy the phrase that tells what
should always be near the dog.

5. Copy the answer that tells what

should not be given to your dog.
a. rice
b. a big bone
c. seasoned foods
Exercise 22
When the Spaniards came to the
Philippines, the Filipinos knew how to
read and write. They had their own
They used two ways of writing. They
wrote from top to bottom. They also
wrote from left to right. They wrote on
bamboos, leaves of the coconut trees
and barks of trees. They used pointed
steel or knife for writing.
During the early days, the Filipinos
believed in Bathala as the creator of all
things on Earth. They worshipped
Lalahon, the god of fire and harvest.
They believed in Makaptan, god of
sickness, and Sidapa, god of death. They
also believed in anitos.
1. Copy and underline the people talked
about in the story
a. Japanses b. Spaniards c.

2. Copy the sentence that is true about early

people’s writing.
a. They wrote from top to bottom.
b. They used pointed twigs for writing.
c. They used bamboo leaves to write on.

3. Put a check after the sentence that tells

what the early Filipinos believed in.
a. Sidapa is god of sickness.
b. Makaptan is god of death.
c. Bathala the creator of all things on
4. Write the phrase that tells who Lalahon

5. What other gods did they believe in? Write

the names.
Exercise 23
Oceans, the Earth’s largest water
reserve, occupy two-thirds of the Earth’s
surface. The Earth is air conditioned
because the large amount of water cools
hot air and warms u cold air. Seas and
oceans are full of mineral salts and
vitamins that keep man healthy.
Thousands of plants and sea animals like
fish, shellfish, mollusks and other feed us.
Under the ground beneath the ocean
bottom, treasures such as oil and gas are
found. Thus, the ocean is a real pantry.
Seas and oceans that are so valuable for
life on Earth are constantly mistreated by
en through pollution, thus causing the
butchery of sea animals. We do not realize
that if the ocean gets ill, we will, too.
1. What is the selection about? Write the
word and underline it.

2. Copy the letter of the thing ocean water

a. warms up cold air c. cleans the
b. water ricefields

3. What word means important in this

sentence? Copy the word.
“Seas and oceans are so valuable for life.”

4. What causes the butchery or killing of sea

a. resort
b. fishing
c. pollution

5. If the oceans get ill, we get ill, too. Answer

this with True or False.
Exercise 24
We can do much to destroy
mosquitoes. If they happen to get caught in
our mosquito net, we can of course kill
them. We can drive them away from our
houses by spraying them with insecticides.
We can protect ourselves from mosquitoes
at night by sleeping under a mosquito net.
But this method protects us temporarily.
We can kill them while they are still in
larvae stage. This is true of mosquitoes
which breed in standing water, around our
houses. Mosquitoes can be kept from
breeding. Do not leave around empty cans,
coconut shells, or other containers which
hold water where mosquitoes can breed. If
people are careful, no mosquitoes can
breed near their house.
1. Write the name of the insect in the
2. Can we do much to kill adult
mosquitoes? Answer with Yes or No.
3. Write the phrase that tells how we can
protect ourselves temporarily from
4. Draw a line under the letter of the
sentence that is true.
a. Mosquitoes can be kept from
breeding by sleeping under a mosquito
b. There is not much we can do to
destroy adult mosquitoes.
c. We can kill mosquitoes while they
are still larvae.
5. Which serve as breeding places of
Draw a circle around the phrase
standing water boiling water
fresh water
Exercise 25
It is the duty of every household to
dispose of its own garbage and clean its
own yard. This is a form of community
spirit. Instead of dumping garbage on
the streets which become breeding
places of flies, each family’s garbage is
laced in well-covered cans. The
government takes charge of the
collection and disposal of garbage.
Trucks collect the garbage and dump
them in an area where they are burned
or reduced to fertilizers. Now that we
no longer see mountains of garbage on
the streets, then flies will be much less
in numbers.
1. Copy the phrase that tells what the
selection is about.
Breading places garbage disposal
dumping places

2. Underline the phrase that tells where

garbage is placed.
well-covered cans on the streets cans

3. Copy the word that tells who takes care of

garbage collection.
people government

4. What used to be unsightly on our streets?

Copy the answer.
people mountain of garbage

5. What may be eradicated or lessened in the

future if garbage is disposed of properly?
Draw your answer.
Exercise 26
“It is vacation now!” shouted Ben
happily. “I can take a swim in the river
every day.”
“I will sell newspapers every
morning and shine shoes in the
afternoon,” said Luis. “I need to save
money so I can go to high school next
“I will help Mother do home chores,”
said Gloria. “I can cook and go to
“I will plant vegetables in our
backyard,” said Rene.

1. What vacation is mentioned in this

story? Copy the phrase:
Christmas vacation
Summer vacation
Week-end vacation
2. Who among the children in the story
will spend his vacation earning money?
Write his name.
3. Write the sentence that tells what
Gloria will do.
4. Why is Ben happy? Draw a circle
around the letter of the correct
a. He can take a bath in the well.
b. He can take a bath in the river.
c. He can take a swim in the river.

5. Who will help in the food

production? Write his name.
Exercise 27
It was President Manuel L. Quezon’s
idea to develop a national language.
Although there are other languages
such as Ilocano, Visayan, Pampango,
Bicolano, Pangasinan, Maranao and many
other dialects like the Visayan Waray,
Ilongo, Cebuano or the Ibanag or Zambal
spoken in the Philippines, Quezon chose
Tagalog as the basis of our national
language. One of the reasons was that
there are many Filipinos who could read
and write Tagalog.
Now, thanks to President Manuel L.
Quezon that we have our national
language which is easily taught in schools.
This is why President Quezon is called the
Father of the Filipino National Language
which we call the Filipino Language.
1. Whose idea was it to develop a national

2. Did he choose Tagalog because many

Filipinos could read write it?
Answer with Yes or No.

3. Which phrase tells us what are found in the

different Philippine dialects. Copy the phrase.
Tagalog words Bicolano words
Visayan words

4. What is known all over the islands now?

Write your answer.
President Quezon
Filipino National Language
Bicol dialect

5. How is President Quezon called? Underline

your answer.
Father of Quezon Province
Father of the Poor
Father of the Filipino National Language
Exercise 28
The Grade Six pupils wanted to help
in food production. One of their slogans
was “Plant more foodcrops”. Each of
the boys cultivated home gardens in his
backyard. All the boys planted
vegetables that are easy to grow. They
planted fruit vegetables like patola,
squash, eggplants, “sayote” and
tomatoes. Now they are looking
forward to the day when they will
harvest the vegetables from their home
gardens. Their products will help
increase our food supply.
1. Make a list of vegetables that are
easy to grow.
2. Write what the selection is all about.
a. being industrious
b. buying and selling
c. how to help produce more food
3. Copy one of the slogans. Underline

4. Who will help produce food?

a. Grade Six pupil
b. Community helpers
c. farmers and vendors

5. Where did they cultivate home

gardens? Write the word and encircle
Exercise 29
Animal bites should not cause any
alarm, but they should be treated
promptly. There are safety rules that may
Bites of dogs, cats, mice, rabbits and
similar pets may be dangerous to human
beings. Cats and dogs, especially, are
sometimes afflicted with rabbies. Their
bite should not be taken for granted. The
best thing to do is to clean the wound with
an anstiseptic such as a teaspoon of
carbolic acid in a pint of warm water. Cover
the wound with sterile gauze and bind it
carefully in order to keep it free from dust.
However, it is always advisable to see a
doctor after applying the first aid
1. What disease common to cats and dogs
is dangerous? Write the word in capital

2. Copy the title of this selection inside a


3. What first step should be done when

bitten by a dog? Copy the letters of your
a. Kill the dog immediately.
b. Clean the wound with antiseptic.
c. Apply ground guava leaves on the

4. Copy the name of an antiseptic.

a. water b. medicine c. carbolic acid

5. Write whom you should see when

bitten by a dog.
Exercise 30
Tree planting is worthwhile. There is
a wide variety of trees that are best
suited for backyards, along the streets,
river banks or on open fields. Whether
we use them for ornament, shelter or
shade for other plants, these trees can
provide some of our daily needs. There
are trees that can be used for fuel, and
when they grow older, as construction
materials. Two or more of the
followings trees – mango, papaya,
chico, banana, cacao, coconut, citrus
trees, caimito, mabolo, orange – can be
planted in our backyards because they
provide us with fruit, fuel and shade.
1. What is the selection about? Draw a
circle around the letter of the correct
a. tree planting c. garden
b. forest planting

2. Copy these words: ornament, shelter,

shade, tree. Underline the word that is
another name for

3. Write two names of fruit-bearing trees.

4. Which one is a fruit tree as well as a

shade tree? Draw a circle around the
a. mango b. coconut c.

5. Write the title of the selection.

Exercise 31
When visiting Bicol Province you
cannot help but notice the attractive
articles made from abaca fiber such as
placemats, handbags and floor rugs,
which are especially intended for the
tourist market. In Santa Domingo,
families are involved in the processing
of the abaca fiber. The abaca plant
resembles a banana plant, but it bears
no fruit. However, it yields the strongest
and most valuable fiber for making
cords and ropes. Abaca is known also as
Manila hemp which is a soft fiber and
comes from the real hemp which is a
soft fiber and comes from a different
plant. Abaca fiber is stripped from the
outer portion of the plant’s leaf and
1. Write two attractive articles made from
abaca fibers.

2. Write the part of the plant from where

the fibers are taken.

3. Copy the name of the town where

abaca fiber is processed.

4. What does the abaca plant resemble?

Draw a square around the correct answer.
pineapple plant banana plant palm

5. Select two words that describe the fiber

from which cord and rope are made.
Underline the words.
beautiful strongest long valuable
Exercise 32
The hours after school or work are
called leisure time. Most people spend
their leisure time in different kinds of
recreational activities. Recreation
improves one’s mind and keeps the
body fit after the day’s work. However,
recreation should be chosen wisely.
Profitable recreational activities should
not necessarily be expensive. They
should teach good lessons, develop
good habits and keep one physically and
mentally fit. Children find amusement
by themselves in gardening, crocheting
and painting. Artistic activities like
music and dancing are good hobbies
done during leisure time.
1. What does the selection tell us?
Encircle the letter of the correct answer.
a. Leisure time is idle time.
b. Leisure time keeps one physically
and mentally fit.
c. Leisure time is any hour between
morning and noon.

2. Write the phrase that tells how people

spend their leisure time.

3. Inside a square, write the phrase that

tells what you call the hours after school
or work.

4. Write the word that tells how

recreation should be spent.

5. Write one artistic activity.

Exercise 33
Serbia, like the Philippines, has its
superstitious belief. For example, before a
man builds a house, he tries to find out
whether the spot is lucky or not. There are
several ways to find out. One is to drive
some sheep into the fields where the
house is going to be built or make them
spent the night there. The place where the
sheep choose to lie themselves in, is said to
be a lucky spot. Another ways is by putting
four big stones where the four corners of
the house will stand. The stones are left for
the night and the next morning each stone
is turned. If there is a living insect under
one of the stones, then the spot is a lucky
one to build a house on. If there were no
living things found under any of the stones,
then they move to another part of the
1. Write the name of the country the
selection tells about.
2. Which of the following are to be driven
into the spot where the house is to be
Copy the right answer.
goat cow sheep hen
3. Write the number of stones placed on
the spot where the house is to be built.

4. What should be under one of the

stones to show that the place is lucky?
Draw a circle under the word.

5. From the words given below, choose

and copy the one that tells what the
Serbians believe in:
a. folk tales b. superstitious c.
Exercise 34
There is a game called “sardines”. A
player is chosen as the “It” and he hides
himself in a roomy place anywhere. Then
the rest of the group search for him. When
a player finds the “It”, he waits until none
of the players is watching and slips in with
the “It”. This is continued until all the
players are packed like sardines in the
hiding place. The first person who finds the
“It” will be the one to hide next. This is a
good indoor game since it requires no
running. Older children frequently play this
game in the dark in which case the player
calls to each other. “Are you there, Tess?”
When a child fails to answer, the other
players know he has found the “sardine”
and is hidden with him.
1. Write what the game is called.
a. Sardine
b. Patintero
c. Hide and Seek

2. Copy the word that tells how the first

sardine is called.
a. “It” b. “He” c. “She”

3. Copy these words:

packed hides sardines
Encircle the word which tells how the
players are arranged in their hiding place.

4. Draw a circle around the place that tells

where older children play:
roomy dark yard house

5. Draw the canned food described in the

Exercise 35
Here’s a big, big circus tent
With seats on every side
Here ponies dance and prance around
While ladies on them ride.
Elephants come walking in
And swing their trunks just so
A monkey jumps on a zebra’s back
And tries to make him go.
A whistle blows, we turn to see
The clowns come tumbling in.

Chalky faces, noses long

Some very fat, some very thin
One turns backwards, somersaults
One rides a horseback,
One runs on tiny engine
That won’t stay on the track
In the tip most of the great tent
Men swing on iron bars
And climb the ropes that stretch so high
They almost reach the stars
1. Print the title of the poem and
underline it twice.

2. Write the word that tells who comes

tumbling in.

3. Write Yes if the clown is funny; No, if

he is not.

4. Write the underline the animals that

ponies elephants
monkeys zebras

5. Write the word that tells who swings

on iron bars.
Exercise 36
Kalinga houses are the largest and
the cleanest in the Mountain Province.
They are nicer than most houses in the
lowland barrios. The largest is octagonal
in shape. All the floors of split bamboo.
Along the walls, the floor is raised half a
foot, the elevated strip serving as bed.
There is an open fireplace in the center
and there is a rack above on which
firewood and palay are dried.
Homemade black earthenwares of
various sizes are used for cooking.
These are the same types of jars in
which women carry water balancing
one above the other on their heads.
1. Write the name of the largest and
cleanest houses in Mountain Province.

2. Draw the shape of the largest


3. What materials are the floors made

of? Copy the word.
wood split bamboo cogon

4. Write what they use for cooking.

Underline it.

5. Inside a big square, draw how the

women carry their jars on their heads.
Exercise 37
Awake! Awake!
Called the cock to the morn
The sun peeped out
A new day was born.

Awake! Awake!
Cried the sun in the sky
Every meadow flower
Opened a wonderful eye

Awake! Awake!
Chirped the birds in the tree
The tree stirred and said,
“Who’s calling me?”

Awake! Awake!
Rang the bells in the steeple
Awake! Awake!
All you sleeping people.
One by one
They yawned and arose
Thanking the good God
For the night’s repose.
1. Copy the phrase that tells a new day is born.
a. the moon shone
b. clouds gather
c. the sun peeped out

2. Copy the word that tells what the birds did.

a. fly
b. sang
c. chirped

3. Write the name of the objects that woke the people

a. bells
b. vestries
c. churches

4. Copy the name of the object which rings.

a. rattle
b. bell
c. engine

5. Copy the phrase which tells what the people

thanked God for.
a. early morn
b. night’s repose
c. meadow flower
Exercise 38
Slowly, silently, now the moon
Walks the night in her silver shoon;
This way, and that, she peers and sees
Silver fruits upon silver trees;
One by one, the casements catch
The beams beneath the silvery thatch;
Crouched in his kennel like a dog
With paws of silver sleeps the dog;
From their shadowy cape the white
breasts peep
Of doves and a silver-feather sleep;
A harvest mouse comes scampering by;
With silver claws and silver eye;
And moveless fish in water gleam
By silver reeds and silver stream.

 By Walter de la Mare
1. Write the number of lines the
poem has.
2. Which phrase in the second line tells
what the moon does? Write the
3. What color does the moon cast
on the fruits and trees? Copy and
encircle it.
a. black b. silver c. white

4. Write the words that tell how the

moon moves.

5. Write the animals mentioned in the

order they appeared in the poem.
Exercise 39
Everyday, trains go puffing down the
long stretches of railroad tracks which
crisscross in the Philippines. These trains
carry passengers and all sorts of cargoes
for our daily needs. Railroads help bring
the needed products to storekeepers and
to housewives. The railroads have helped
make the Philippines what it is today. With
the coming of train, various towns and
provinces were knitted more closely than
ever before. Large quantities of products
from the Bicol provinces such as hogs,
cattle, dried fish, and vegetables are
shipped to Manila through the railroad.
Likewise, products come from the
Northern provinces through the railroad.
1. Write the title of the selection in capital letters.
Underline it.

2. What transportation is being given importance

in this selection?
Write its name and cancel its first letter.

3. Draw the things were this transportation pass


4. Can you go to Mindanao by means of this

transportation? If your answer is “Yes”, draw a
star; if “No”,
draw a quarter moon.

5. This is the safest and the fastest means of

transportation. If you agree to this, write, “by all
means”, if not, write, “by no means”.
Exercise 40
When the green words laugh with the
voice of joy
And the dimpling streams run laughing by;
When the air does laugh with our merry
And the green hills laugh with the noise in
When the painted birds laugh in the shade
When our table with cherries and nuts are
Come live and be merry and join me,
To sing the sweet chorus of, ha! Ha! Ha!

1. Inside a square write the word that tells what
the song is all about.

2. What runs laughing by? Copy the phrase.

dimpling streams the air green

3. which of these laugh in the shade? Copy and

underline it.
a. green hills b. people c. painted

4. Write what the sweet chorus of life sang.

5. What is the poem about? Write the name of

the poem.
___________ ___________
Exercise 1
Since the birth of Christ, there have been a
number of beautiful carols sung all over the
world. One of it is the “O Little Town of
Bethlehem” and it is the best loved of all
Christmas carols.
Christians know that our Lord Jesus Christ
was born in the little, quiet town of Bethlehem
which is not far from the city of Jerusalem. A
long street leads to the Church of the Nativity.
It is believed that Jesus was born on his very
spot. Every year thousands of people all over
the word visit Bethlehem, which is considered
the most sacred place in the whole word.
Beautiful gifts and offering have been given to
this famous Church of the Nativity.
Today, most people who come to
Bethlehem are disappointed to see that it has
greatly changed. Bethlehem today seems to
have lost its solemnity.
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Exercise 2

No bird in the world has a brighter color that

the birds of paradise. No one can guess from their
color that they belong to the crow family.
Most of the feathers of the birds of paradise
have queer shapes. Some are used in making
beautiful plumes. The male birds have bright
colored feathers while the females’ feathers are
dull in color. Some male birds of paradise do a
great deal of dancing and strutting when they are
There are about forty-five kinds of birds of
paradise. They live mostly in the hot rainforest of
the island of New Guinea. A few kinds are found in
For a time, there was a danger that all birds of
paradise would be killed for their feathers. But now
there are laws to protect them. So, we expect the
species of the birds of paradise to be multiplied in
the future.

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Exercise 3

Superstitions about the precious stones originated

during the early times. Anyone who wore any of these
stones was supposed to become strong and brave.
There were those who believed that when worn, these
stones protect the wearer from fire and lightning. Still
many believed that they were supposed to bring good
luck and good fortune.
Our present beliefs about birthstone are believed
on theses old superstitions. Wearing a birthstone is
believed to bring good fortune especially when it is
given by somebody as present.
Almost everybody nowadays do appreciate wearing
birthstones. Although not everyone agrees on what
particular birthstone is intended for each month, there
is a grouping often followed in connection with
birthstones. There are calendars that include the
different birthstones for each month. We take interest
in reading the meaning of the birthstones in our
horoscopes. For who would not want to be protected
and helped by his particular birthstone.

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Exercise 4

Apples are valuable fruits. They provide

important minerals and vitamins to people’s diet.
The first settlers in America brought apple
trees with them to plant in the New World. The
United States today grows more apples than any
other country in the world.
Apple Trees can be grown from seeds as
Johnny Appleseed or John Chapman in real life, did
when he spread the trees across the United States
in the 1800s.
Today, most apple trees are grown by budding.
Buds are cut from a healthy apple tree. Then they
are inserted into a slit in the bark near the roots of
another tree.
The tree grows to about 40 feet high. The
fragrant, pink, and white apple blossoms appear
late in the spring. The beauty and the taste of the
fruit have made the apple one of the most popular
fruits. Apples have different beautiful colors, like
dark red, yellow green, and green.

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Exercise 5

King Arthur was a wise and good ruler. He

brought together a band of brave knights who
went about correcting wrongs. In King Arthur’s
castle, they sat for meals around a big round table
so they were called the Knights of the Round Table.
Lancelot was the bravest and most famous of
all the Knights of the Round Table. Galahad was the
most pure in heart. The other knights were
Gawaine, Tristan, Percival, Gareth, Gaheris, Bors,
Bedivere, Kay, Lamorak, and Geraint. They all
fought many battles for their king and they had
wonderful adventures.
On the wall of a room in Winchester Castle in
England, there hung for several hundred years the
top of the great round table. It is 18 feet in
diameter and nearly 3 inches thick. On its edge are
the names of the knights of the Round Table. Their
golden deeds never fail to impress people up to

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Exercise 6
Juan Luna had just arrived from Paris. While he was
there, he felt homesick for his native land. He and his
friends used to sing the beautiful kundiman of our
Not long after, he came back to the Philippines. He
visited one of his lady friends and her sisters.
“I am sure you have seen all the wonderful things in
Europe,” said his lady friend. “I do not know what we
can do to entertain you. Ah! I know, I will ask my sister
to sing for you.”
“That will be nice,” answered Juan Luna.
“What would you like me to sing for you, Señor?”
asked the woman’s sister.
“Please, sing a kundiman,” said Juan Luna.
“But Señor, I do not sing kundimans,” answered the
woman’s sister. “Perhaps, if I call our workers in the field
they may sing a kundiman for you.”
“How disappointing!” Juan Luna said, “To think that
I have come back from Paris to hear a kundiman!”
Juan Luna bade them goodbye with a heavy heart.

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Exercise 7
We all love roses. Roses are the best-loved and the
best-known of all garden flowers. The interesting
history of roses dates back to the ancient times. It is said
that dried roses had been found in ancient tombs. They
have also been mentioned in the oldest known writings
and manuscripts.
Roses are grown all year long in greenhouses. There
are many different varieties and colors of roses. New
shades are constantly being developed.
Bedding roses are those that are grown for display
in the garden. Climbing roses include those with big
flowers and those with small flowers in clusters. Shrub
roses are planted the same way as lilacs. Their flowers
may be single of double.
Roses need good soil, fresh air, regular cultivation
and plenty of water. Roses are often attacked by insects
and diseases but these can be controlled by spraying
and dusting the plants. The simplest way of propagating
roses is by cuttings.
Roses, they be called by any other name, are sweet
smelling. There are many rose lovers all over the world.
They cultivate rose gardens and hold regular exhibits.
People cannot resist the beauty of roses.
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Exercise 8
Datu Pua had a little boy who he fondly called Little Alip.
When the council of Datu Pua was in session, Little Alip
would come in followed by his stout yaya.
One day, Little Alip slipped from his yaya. He went into
the kitchen and got plenty of dried meat and cakes. These he
gave to the three beggars at the palace gates. The beggars
were very happy. They patted the Little Alip’s cheecks.
That night Datu Pua’s palace was in gloom. Tiny red round
sores had started to appear on Little Alip’s body. It took
several weeks before Little Alip’s fever was gone. But tiny
round scars were left all over his face and body.
We call this small pox but in Datu Pua’s palace, they call
it “uwaton”.
When Little Alip grew up, he made a very good ruler and
his people loved him.
Much later, the people called their place Alip. Afterwards,
it became known as Alipuaton. Alipuaton, a barrio in Silay,
Misamis Oriental, is now a beautiful summer resort.
The people of Silay enjoy telling the story of little
Smallpox Alip to the tourists who visit their barrio.


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Exercise 9
We have many things around us which are made of
rubber. Rubber therefore, is very important. Have you ever
wondered where rubber comes from?
Rubber is the product of rubber tree. There are ten kinds
of rubber trees. One of these is the para rubber tree which
grows well in our country. These rubber trees are grown in
Zamboanga province, Davao and Cotabato. A rubber tree gives
about 106 kilos of rubber every year.
Let us see how this kind of rubber tree is grown. Para
rubber trees are grown from seeds of cuttings. The seed beds
are placed under the sade. The seedlings are then planted
after eight to fifteen days.
Grown-up trees are tapped with downward cuts that
should not be too deep. The cuttings should stop about three
feet from the ground. The sap that flows down from these cuts
is made into rubber. Some of the trees are cut down after six
years. The trees that are left should be about nine meters
apart. This will enable the trees to grow bigger and give more
A rubber factory has been built by goodyear in Las Piñas,
Rizal. This has made rubber-growing industry more lucrative
to our people.


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Exercise 10
One day, Mang Selo, a farmer, visited Mang Ambo,
another farmer, in a nearby farm. He saw Mang Ambo sorting
out big healthy palay seeds from a big basket.
“Oh! I see you are now sorting out the big healthy palay
seeds for your seedlings.” Mang Selo said.
“Yes, Selo,” answered Mang Ambo. “This is the Masagana
way of choosing seeds for planting. Good rice stocks for good
seedlings and good seedlings for good harvest. It is just like
raising our children.”
“Raising children?” Mang Selo asked. “What has that got
to do with planting rice?”
“You know, Selo,” explained Mang Ambo. “”I raise my
children just like the way I choose the healthy seeds. I choose
the traits such as faith in God, love for parents and fellowmen
will help them to be good citizens in the future.”
“That’s a good idea,” Mang Selo said, “because just as
good seeds bring good harvest, so do children who are raised
properly grow up to be good and useful citizens.
Mang Selo believed what his friend Ambo said. Children
should be trained to be good while still young. They will carry
the good training until they grow up.


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Exercise 11
To Marita and Mike, a one-centavo coin had no value.
“What can a centavo coin do?” Mike used to say
whenever he and Marita saw one.
They just threw it away. Anyway they believed that a
centavo coin could not buy them anything.
Ony time, Marita saw a five one-centavo coins. She
showed them to Mike.
“What will you do with that?” asked Mike. “Better throw
them away. Even beggars don’t want one-centavo coins.”
So Marita followed Mike’s suggestion.
One day a salesman passed by their home. He carried a
special offer of a particular brand of soap. With a ten-peso
purchase, they could have a cake of soap and an autograph
album as bonus. How happy Mike and Marita were! But their
mother was not at home. Mike had nine pesos and two
twenty-five-centavo pieces and Marita had a twenty-five
centavo piece. They looked into their mother’s sewing box,
but found only twenty-four centavos. They looked for a one-
centavo coin in all parts of the house but they could not find
“Sorry,” they said, “we don’t have ten pesos.”
But a one-centavo coin was just lying in one corner. If it
could only speak, it would probably say, “A peso will not be a peso
if it lacks one centavo.”


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Exercise 12
“Coward! Coward! Down with the coward!” the all boys
Crowded against the wall, Tirso looked helplessly at the
angry boys around him. He was no match to them. As they
pounded on him, Tirso fought back trying to defend himself.
Because there were four against him, Tirso was
overpowered. When he was about to pass out, a strong arm
pulled the attackers away from him. The man was tall, and in
gray coat and trousers. The attackers’ eyes widened as the
man helped Tirso, for it was no other than Mr. Vic Gomez, a
well-known professor in the campus.
“You are all cowards,” shouted Mr. Gomez angrily.
“Tirso is a traitor to our cause, Mr. Gomez,” replied the
boys angrily. “He does not believe in our cause and he never
joins any of our demonstrations. We don’t want him around
the campus.”
“Four to one is a coward’s fight,” answered Mr. Gomez
sternly. “Get going and leave him alone!”
After the boys were gone, Tirso looked at the kindly eyes
of the professor. Mr. Gomez smiled at him.
“I hope these boys will not bother you anymore,” the
professor told Tirso.
“I do not join them, sir,” Tirso said, “because I don’t
believe demonstrations will help solve our present problems.”
“I appreciate your stand,” the professor said. “I hope the
other boys of your age will realize that, too.”
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Exercise 13
On a sunny Saturday, Lisa and her brother, Cesar, went to visit
their grandfather who lived on a farm.
They noticed how beautiful the farm was. The sky was blue, the
fields were green and te rice stalks bent with the ripening golden
grains. Cows and goats were grazing on the meadow. Young boys on
carabaos’ back were racing; plenty of watermelons and cantaloupes
were growing along the farm sides.
“Ah! There is Granpa’s farm,” cried Cesar, pointing to the place
to Lisa.
“Yes, there is Grandpa waiting, answered Liza.
They kissed their grandfather’s hand.
“I will take you around the farm,” said Grandfather.
First, Grandfather took them to the big pigpen. They saw a big
mother pig with ten piglets. Then, they visited the barn. There were
cows and calves in there. They went to the poultry house afterwards.
There were hundreds of white leghorns and many chicks, too.
“How nice it is to live on a farm!” Liza exclaimed.
“We can have all the fresh air and fresh food on the farm,” Cesar
“We prefer farm life, Grandfather,” both the children said.
“You may come whenever you want,” Grandfather told the
children. “I am happy to have you both here on the farm.”
“We will come, Grandfather,” said Liza.
“We will help you feed the chickens and the cows,” said Cesar.
After two days, the children kissed their grandfather goodbye.


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Exercise 14
A muddy carabao slowly made its way to a grassy field. A
cow was munching grass on a nearby meadow.
“Look how dirty you are, friend carabao,” said the cow.
“What do you expect?” asked the carabao angrily, “Can
you expect me to look clean after a day’s work in the muddy
fields? You should be ashamed of yourself instead, lazybone.
While I work you do nothing but eat and sleep the whole day.
Of course, your body will not be soiled like mine.”
“You ought to be thankful for being useful on the field,”
the cow said. “You will live much longer than I.
“What do you mean by that?” asked the carabao.
“Our master wants you to live as long as possible,”
explained the cow. “You are needed to plow and harrow the
fields. On the other hand, I eat and rest with little or nothing
to do so I grow big and fat. Our master will then sell me to the
butcher to be slaughtered. All of us have our own destinies to
fulfill. So you see, it is useless to complain about life.”
The carabao understood what the cow said. He knew why
the farmer took good care of him. He was a great help to his
work on the fields.
“Poor cow!” said the carabao. “I have always envied you
for leading an easy life. Now, I do not envy you anymore.


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Exercise 15
Our country, the Philippines, known as the Pearl of Orient
Seas, is composed of small islands which look like a string of
pearls on the map.
Our forefathers lived peacefully on these beautiful isles
long before the coming of the Spaniards. They enjoyed their
freedom and the wealth of our country. When the Spaniards
came, our forefathers learned better ways of living but their
freedom became limited. They longed to be free once more.
They hated to be under foreign rule. They fought and died for
the freedom we enjoy. We still dream the dreams they had,
that we are Filipinos and that the Philippines belongs to the
Although we are divided into different regions, and
people in each region speak different dialects, we are united
by a common national language, the Filipino language. We
have the same dreams and hopes for our country, too.
We are a lucky people. We are blessed with a country
which also has rich natural resources. We enjoy freedom of
speech and of worship.
A popular tourist spot, the Philippines takes pride in her
beautiful women. Our women, some of whom are
international beauty title holders, fashion models, Bayanihan,
Barangay and Filipinescas dancers, are touring the different
parts of the world, promoting the rich curtural heritage of our
country. Do we in our own little way strive to make the
Philippines known? We must, for the sake of our country, the
beautiful Pearl of Orient.245 WORDS
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Exercise 16
Rene and Lisa hurried home after classes. They knew that
their beloved Jo was waiting.
When they reached home, they were surprised because
there was no Jo to meet them. They looked around and found
him on a corner with his hand covering his face.
“What happened to Jo, Mother?” asked the children.
“I filled the pan with water and poured powdered soap in
it. Somebody called me in the living room. I was not gone long.
When I came back, Jo had dumped all the clean clothes from
the wash basket into the pan full of soapsuds. There were
soapsuds all over the kitchen. I was about to beat him when
he ran away.”
Just then Father entered the kitchen.
“What is the trouble?” he asked.
Mother related what Jo did with the clean clothes and
“Jo may be lots of fun,” Father said, “but we have to send
him away if he causes more trouble.”
“But we all love him, Father,” said Rene as he placed Jo
on his shoulder.
Father did not say anything but Rene and Lisa knew that
Father meant what he said.
Since then, they saw to it that Jo did not come into any
trouble. When they were in school, they tied Jo to a branch of
the mango tree where they played hide and seek. It broke
their hearts to see Jo chained to the tree but that was better
than see him being sent away.

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Exercise 17

Ching and Lu were brothers. They lived in a four-story

building with many other families.
One early dawn in August 1968, the brothers were fast
asleep in their room. Suddenly, they were awakened by the
strong shaking of the building. Both brothers knew instantly
that there was a strong earthquake. In a second, they found
themselves buried under tons of bricks, cement and wood.
Ching and Lu could hardly move. “Come, Lu,” Ching said.
“Let us try to get out.”
“How can I when I can hardly move?” whispered Lu.
“Try, dear brother, and pray,” Ching said.
But Lu did not move. On the other hand, Ching tried to
get out of the mounds of rocks and wood. He prayed to God
for help. Later he touched the side of a wall. He got a piece of
rock and tried to pound on it with all his might.
“A miracle!” cried Ching as he heard someone pounding
outside the wall. “They heard me at last! I’ll be saved.”
After a long hourse of waiting, Ching saw a hole on the
wall. Soon he felt strong hands drawing him out of the wall.
Ching was saved. But Lu could not be saved anymore. Help
came to late for Lu. He died along with hundreds of people
who were buried in the building by the strong quake that
August dawn. Many people were saved. Like Ching, they
believed that God would not forsake them if they helped
themselves. God helped them indeed.
___________ ____________ ______________ ___________ ___________
Exercise 18
Young as he was, Francisco Balagtas knew that his countrymen
were unhappy. This was so because they were oppressed by their
enemy in their own native land. His young mind could not fully
understand why this was so.
Years later, he came to understand the injustices suffered by his
countrymen when he was imprisoned by his rich rival. The injustices
he saw served as his inspiration in writing his poems, the most noted
of which is “Florante at Laura”. Most of the scenes in this epic poem
were pictures of sufferings of his countrymen which were true not
only during his time but for generations more to come. An example of
this was Balagtas’ portrayal of Florante’s sufferings in the wilderness
of Albania as the injustice suffered by his countrymen in the hands of
the enemy. He projected, too, the feelings of his countrymen through
the principal characters.
During Balagtas’ time, it was considered treason to criticize the
government. Freedom was unknown, but Balagtas succeeded in his
mission by making Albania the setting of his poem. He also used
foreign names for his characters who in reality were his own
countrymen. This is why “Florante at Laura” is considered a
masterpiece in nationalism.
Every stanza is a figure of speech. “Florante at Laura” had been
translated into different languages. Translation had been done in
English, in French, and in German. It is read by people almost all over
the world. It is considered one of the best epic poems ever written.


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Exercise 19

Before the declaration of Philippine Independence on June 12,

11898 in Kawit, Cavite, General Emilio Aguinaldo said:
“We must have a national anthem to express the feelings of the
Filipino people.”
A young man approached General Emilio Aguinaldo. He had a
letter for the General from General Mariano Trias.
“The bearer of this letter is a very young composer,” the letter
The young man brought the letter was Julian Felipe who also
brought with him the musical march piece he had composed.
“We want to hear your march piece,” the general and his
companions told Julian Felipe.
Julian Felipe played the march selection on the piano. He played
it many times. When he had finished playing, the General and his
companions clapped their hands.
“The melody inspires one to serve his country,” said one.
“It also arouses love for one’s country,” said another.
They agreed to call the march, the National Anthem.
When General Aguinaldo declared the Independence of the
Philippines on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite, the National Antem of
Julian Felipe was played for the first time. The anthem was played
while the Filipino flag was being raised. Later, Jose Palma wrote the
lyrics for the march.
Since then our National Anthem is sung whenever our flag is
being raised. It is also sang and played in most opening ceremonies.
Filipinos going to foreign lands are required to know how to sing our
National Anthem. People sing it with feeling and ardor for truly, our
National Anthem is a great and beautiful musical masterpiece.

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Exercise 20

There was once a white mother goat who was lost from
her herd. She became a wild goat. She roamed around the
forests. Then, one summer, she gave birth to a tiny brown kid.
Mother goat was proud of her kid and took care of it lovingly.
Often she would hide it behind a big rock while she grazed in
a nearby patch of grass.
One evening, as she was about to get the kid from the big
rock, a big black dog came speeding towards them. With a
fierce snort, the goat charged at the big dog to prevent it from
going to her kid’s hiding place. Mother goat and the dog began
a savage battle that went into the night.
The big dog tried to attack Mother Goat with its sharp
teeth, but Mother Goat gored it with her horns. Mother goat,
afraid for her young kid, tried all she could do to defend her
young. Finally her sharp horns pierced the ribs of the dog and
the dog lay dead on the rocks.
Mother goat took her kid away from that place. She
patiently and gently led her kid with her horns. They continued
on their journey resting only when she fed her kid.
They crossed forests, hills and mountains. The places they
passed were open and dangerous for her kid. The kid was tired
but Mother Goat prodded it to go on. Finally, they found a
small cave whose mouth was covered with tall cogon grass.
Mother Goat was sure that the cave would be safe for her kid
so she made it their home.
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Exercise 21

Ashu was thirteen-year-old daughter of the Jukons, once a

mighty tribe of warriors and priests in West Africa. Ashu was very
proud of her nation and tribe.
Like all Jukon houses, Ashu’s house had a walled compound or
yard. Around her house were a number of small mud-walled and
grass-thatched houses. There was also an entrance hut which was the
only way out from the compound to the street.
Ashu stood in her little mud hut with a tiny mirror on her hand.
She was trying to see her whole face on it. But she could only see a
part of her face at a time. She felt disappointed because she wanted
to imagine how she would look with an orange headcloth tied around
her head like a turban. She made faces before the mirror.
Ashu, daughter of the Jukons, longed for a silk headcloth. She
had seen a silk headcloth hanging on one side of a trader’s store in the
marketplace. She even looked at it with longing yesterday and the day
before that. It was a rich, tangerine, brocade – truly wonderful for a
headcloth – which cost ten shillings. However, she did not have the
Ashu could not forget the silk headcloth. She was sure she would
look beautiful in it. It would be something to see n her mirror. But
where could she get the ten shillings? Could she ask her father? Could
she have the courage to do so? Oh! How she longed for the silk
headcloth. So she went to the marketplace where the orange scurf
hung. At least she could have the satisfaction of looking at it.

______________ ___________ ___________

Exercise 22

Do you know what served as an inspiration to the founder of the Red Cross
Florence Nightingale, the founder, was born in Florence, Italy in 1820. She
was raised by her parents in an English countryside. While still a little girl,
Florence showed her love for nursing by caring for her dolls and sick animals.
One time she saved the life of a dog named Cap. The dog happened to have an
infected paw and Florence treated the wound until it was cured.
She was presented to Queen Victoria when she was eighteen. He parents
wanted her to lead a gay and sociable life and to marry a well-to-do fellow. But
Florence against her parents’ wishes trained as a nurse.
People despised nursing during that time. But when the war broke out
between Britain and Russia, Florence, for the first time in history, took with her
a staff of nurses to take care of the wounded in the battlefields. After six months
of heroic work, the rate of wounded soldiers dropped from 420 per thousand to
20 per thousand.
Even during the night, Florence carrying a lamp, would go around visiting
the wounded soldiers. Thus, Florence Nightingale was known as the Lady with
the Lamp. She probably saved more lives during her lifetime than any woman in
the history ever did.
There are now Red Cross Societies established all over the world through
the inspiration of Florence Nightingale. They do wonderful jobs in the
battlefields. They help people who are victims of fire, floods, earthquakes and
other natural calamities. They also have blood banks for those who need blood.
All these we owe to Florence Nightingale.

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Exercise 23

In ancient times, the Chinese believed that there was a little demon that
they called Shan-Shao. The ancient Chinese feared this demon very much for
they believed that any man attacked by him would suffer fits of high fever and
So they invented crackling bamboos in the fire to drive out the little
demon. Later, whole groves of bamboos were set on fire and bamboos exploded
merrily like a string of firecrackers.
Then a Chinese discovered that mixing saltpeter, sulphur and pine
charcoal produced gunpowder.
During the Sung Dynasty, a man named Li Tien god the idea of exploding
gunpowder instead of crackling bamboos. He said, “If I can make the sound ten
times the sound of exploding bamboos, this will surely drive the little demon
He carefully rolled a few pieces of paper around a pinch of gunpowder.
He tied the two ends tightly with strings. He attached a fuse on one end and
lighted it. Lo! There was a great blast. This was the beginning of the firecracker.
Do you know that what the Chinese believed to be a little demon and
which they feared, was a disease we now called malaria? The setting of bamboo
groves afire drove the malaria-carrying mosquitoes away from the place.
Firecrackers are now widely used during town fiestas and merry-making.
The production of firecrackers has greatly improved through the years.
Fireworks which are wonderful to watch especially at night are produced.
However, firecrackers can be very dangerous. Every year, on New Year’s
Eve, hundreds are hurt by exploding firecrackers. Laws had been passed
prohibiting the exploding of bomb firecrackers, but many people have not
learned their lessons yet.

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Exercise 24

All her life, Lan Ying had lived with her father and three younger brothers
near a river. Because the river helped them in many ways, they called it “The
Good River” although its real name was “Yangtze River”.
Lan Ying would often wonder as to the source of the Good River as she sat
watching her father’s fishnet. It seemed impossible for her to believe that it was
a small stream somewhere tumbling down a rocky cliff, for the river ran so wide,
deep, and yellow at her feet below the great net spreading out in the bamboo
Almost throughout the day, Lan Ying would sit by the riverside, which it
had come to have a special meaning for her. Lan Ying’s father was a farmer. He
planted rice and wheat on his land along the riverbanks. The farm covers almost
an acre and winds up where Lan Ying’s hamlet was. Lan Ying and her family lived
here with half dozen or so families.
The heads of the families were farmers like Lan Ying’s father. The children
tended nets, and the grandfathers, too, for they were too old to work on the
fields. The fish they caught brought them extra pennies. They used these for the
holidays to buy incense to be burnt before their gods and to buy new clothes.
At night, the families gathered by the bank of Lan Ying’s Good River. The
grandfathers took turns in telling stories about the “Good River”, which the
children enjoyed very much. Sometimes the young boys strung their bamboo
instruments while the girls sang Chinese songs. Lan Ying’s family, with their half
dozen neighbors, lived simply but happily by the bank of their “Good River”.

________ ______________ ___________ ___________


Exercise 25
During the olden days in merry England, there lived a man named Robin
Hood. He was an outlaw by the king’s order. There was a price on his head
because he had killed the king’s deer.
Although Robin Hood was an outlaw, he was loved by all England.
Everyone who asked his help got it. His mottoe was “Rob the rich and help the
needy.” Poor men passing through Sherwood Forest often found their pockets
filled with gold which had been from a merchant’s purse.
Robin Hood had a hand of men who were ready to serve him even at the
cost of their lives. They vowed to do what Robin Hood bade then and to answer
promptly the call of his hunting horn. They were all dressed in green suits and
each carried a stout bow. They were all excellent archers but Robin Hood was
the most skillful of them all.
The plowman, tinker, minstrel or yeoman traveled safely in Sherwood
Forest. But rich men and merchants with money bags trembled in fear when
travelling near the outlaw’s domain.
One time, the king called him and offered him freedom provided he joined
the king’s army. But nothing of what the king said or did tempted Robin Hood.
He lived in Greenwood for twenty-two years. He was ever a faithful friend and
was always kind to the poor.
Many more stories had been written about the heroic adventures of
Robin Hood and his merry men in Sherwood Forest. But whatever adventures
he might have had, they prove to be interesting readings to both adults and
children. The name Robin Hood cannot fail to arouse the interest of the readers.
He has endeared himself to the hearts of the people.


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Exercise 26
All the animals in the forest were happy because they heard that
their cruel king was sick. The lion did not come out of his cave as he
usually did. He sent out a message to his subjects that he wanted to
bid them goodbye before he died.
“What does he want to see us for?” asked the deer. Maybe he
will give each of us a share of his wealth.”
All the animals went to see their King Lion except the fox. He sat
on a tree and watched the animals go inside the cave. He waited for
them to come out, but no one did. Later that afternoon, the King Lion
appeared at the entrance of the cave. When he saw the fox, he said,
“Why did you not come to see me? Don’t you want to share with the
other animals what I have given them?”
“I really want to visit you, my King,” said the fox. “But I am sure
your home is crowded now. All the animals have gone inside your cave
and no one has come out yet.”
“Ha! Ha! Laughed the King Lion. “They all wanted to stay inside
the cave. You will be staying there for a long time, if you will wait for
them to come out.”
“Never mind, my King,” said the fox. “I am a very patient animal
after all.”
He went away happily because he was still well and alive. He
knew well why not a single animal came out of the cave. “Our King
Lion thinks he is wise but he cannot deceive me with his tricks. He will
never catch me alive.”
The fox went away as fast as he could from the lion’s cave with
the decision never to come back.
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Exercise 27
Rice is a cereal which serves as the staple food in many parts of Asia
including the Philippines.
This kind of cereal is native to Asia and Africa. Rice serves as the staple
food of more than half of the peoples of the world. The long-grained kind of rice
found in America comes from Asiatic species.
The rice plant grows up to four feet tall. It has long jointed leaves and
seeds with dense heads on separate stalks. It needs more water than other types
of grains in order to grow properly. This is the reason for having irrigation pumps
near ricefields.
Threshing rice in the Orient is done by flailing, treading or pounding the
grains in a mortar. But in Western countries, cutting and threshing are done by
machinery. The threshed rice is covered with a brown hull which is removed
before marketing rice.
Brown rice with the bran layer has much food value while white polished
rice is rich in starch and low in protein and fat. In the Orient, the fine soft straw
of the rice plant is used for weaving hats while the broken grain is used in
preparing distilled liquor such as sake or rice wine.
There is a kind of wild rice growing in Canada which is called Indian rice.
It is found around the lakes in Canada and the northwestern areas of the United
States. This rice is different from the oriental rice and is not cultivated.
In the Philippines, there is a National Rice Research Center located in Los
Baños, Laguna. It has discovered the so-called “miracle rice” which has helped
increase rice production. However, just recently a new variety has been
discovered. This variety like the miracle rice will increase the yield per hectare
that is cultivated. This “miracle” variety has boosted our rice production.


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Exercise 28
There once lived a little herdsboy, named Ticoy in a barrio two kilometers away from
town. One morning as he was tending his carabaos near a ricefield, a car stopped near the
road. The man in the car steeped out and approached Ticoy.
“How far is the town from here?” asked the man.
“It’s about two kilometers, Sir,” answered Ticoy politely.
“Will you ride with me to town?” asked the man. I’m in a hurry and I can’t afford to
lost my way. I’ll pay you well, my boy.”
“I’m sorry, Sir,” said Ticoy. “But I cannot leave my carabaos. I’m responsible to my
father for these carabaos.”
“Then get someone to guide me to town,” said the man. “I’ll look after the carabaos
for you.”
But Ticoy shood his head.
“Don’t you trust me, boy?” asked the man.
“How do I know that you will keep your word, Sir?”
Ticoy asked. “Didn’t you try to make me break my word to my father?”
The man laughed. Just then two men riding in a jeep came.
“There you are, Sir,” they said. “We thought you were lost.”
The man was a government official.
After some years, a man came to see Ticoy. He asked Ticoy to go with him. The
government official had sent for Ticoy. He offered Ticoy a job because he knew Ticoy could
be trusted.
Ticoy worked for the man and was happy in his job. Never for once did he forget what
he believed in since he was still a little herdsboy of his father’s carabaos. He was always honest
in whatever he did and his employer trusted him.
Not long after, Ticoy was promoted as manager of the company he worked in. But he
remained trustworthy even when he already occupied a high position. This was the legacy he
left to his children when he was gone.


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Exercise 29
There once lived in Rome, during the time of Emperor Claudius, a Christian
bishop named Valentine. Many people loved him because Bishop Valentine was
kind, loving, thoughtful, and generous. He loved flowers and was especially fond
of roses he tended in his garden. He sent some of his roses to children who in
turn placed them on their altars. On weddings in the villages, Valentine sends
roses to the brides. Likewise, he sent roses when somebody died in the
neighborhood. He also sent little gifts to children on their birthdays. Valentine
also loved the poor and the sick. He gave cheer to people who were unhappy.
Because he was affectionate by nature, even the animals loved him.
Emperor Claudius was wicked as well as ambitious. To make the able-
bodied men stay in his army, he prohibited them from getting married.
Valentine believed that this was against God’s laws so he married couples
secretly. When the Emperor learned about this, he had Valentine arrested. Even
in prison, Valentine never failed to send letters to the poor and the sick whom
he cheered and comforted. Children and animals flocked near his prison cell to
get a glimpse of their beloved bishop.
Valentine would ask them to pray with him and they would all kneel to
follow their dear bishop. He would advise them to be good, to pray every day
and to help the poor and the needy whenever they had a chance to do so. He
taught them to be pure in heart and to spread love and cheer.
The children and adults as well never grew tired of listening to his words
of love and wisdom.
Years later, Valentine died on February 14. However, his memory lives up
to now for on the day of his death, love message are exchanged to the world
over to honor a man who was dedicated to love. He was St. Valentine.

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Exercise 30
Do you know that man can cause rain to fall on regions where it is urgently
Today, scientists can cause rain to fall on regions needing moisture by a
process called rainmaking. Rainmaking is important for agriculture.
Primitive people believed that dances and other rituals could bring the
needed rain. But we know that dances or rituals cannot cause rain to fall. Rain
is a physical process determined by natural factors.
There must be water in gaseous form or water vapor present in the area
over which rain is to fall. It should be in sufficient quantity so that it can be
condensed from the atmosphere as rain.
There are several methods to bring about condensation and the following
precipitation. One method that can be used is when there are great active
masses of cumulus clouds. Large drops of water are dropped into the clouds by
a plane. The small droplets of water in the clouds will collect into larger heavier
drops and then fall as rain.
Another method is introduced dry ice or solid carbon dioxide into region
of clouds. This causes the formation of snow. The snow falls and when it reaches
lower altitudes it becomes rain. Dry ice is sown into the clouds by airplanes flying
over the area where rain is needed.
Rainmaking has been successful; but it is not always possible to pinpoint
the proper area where rainmaking can take place. First, there must be humidity
in the target area. Wind currents and changes in temperature may affect the
possibility of manmade rain.
Studies are now going to improve the rain-making process. The Weather
Bureau, with its experts, is busy with its experiments in trying to find ways and
means of improving manmade rain. In the future, it is hoped that areas which
receive little rain will be greatly helped by the so-called manmade rain. If this be
made possible, rain may be caused to fall anytime and anywhere it is desired.

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Exercise 31
The story of our country may well be told in the glorious lives of our
famous men who have contributed much to the birth of democracy in our
country. To this long list of glorious names may be added the names of our great
Filipino women.
To mention only a few, we have Melchora Aquino, whom we know very
well as Tandang Sora. She helped the Katipuneros in their battle against the
Spaniards. She was called the “Grand Old Lady of the Katipunan”. Gabriela Silang
took up the fight for our country’s freedom from her fallen husband, Diego
Silang. Teodora Alonzo was a gentle, loving and intelligent mother of our
national hero Dr. Jose Rizal. Margarita Roxas de Ayala did what many rich
Filipinos would not think of doing, that of giving away her riches to the poor.
We have Librada Avelino, the foremost educator of our times and Sofia
de Veyra, a very efficient social worker. Little is known about Olivia Salamanca
but she was the first Filipino nurse and for her service to her country she has a
place in our history.
There is Josefa Llanes Escoda. She gave everything she could afford to help
the guerillas in our war against Japan. By doing so, she was able to serve the
country she loved most.
We can name more women who, in our way or another, did their best to
serve our country. But while we honor our great women who have died, we also
have at present countless women who are serving our country. We have women
judges, teachers, nurses, doctors, social workers and women of different
occupations who are rendering their services and are great in their own way.
They do not seek material rewards only but they, too, have dedicated their loves
to be of valuable services to their fellowmen.
We can also be of service to our country if we want to. By being a dutiful
son or daughter, and by being good citizens we can show our greatness.


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Exercise 32
Australia is the largest island in the world but it is the smallest of all the continents. Its area is
about 3,000,000 square miles or 1/6 less than that of the United States. It lies south of the equator
and south of Asia. It is completely surrounded by water being near the South Pacific Ocean and the
Southeast Indian Ocean. Australia is very far from other lands except Southeast Asia and South Pacific
Islands. Its native people or aborigines had a very primitive culture before the coming of the white
man. This is so because of the great distance between the natives and people from other continents.
Australia is a land of strange animals and plants which are not found anywhere in the world.
Example is the duckbill which is a small egg-laying aquatic mammal with a bill and webbed feet like a
duck’s, a tail like a beaver’s and fur like a mole’s. it provides its young with milk.
Australia is also best known for the kangaroo. There are many kinds of sizes of kangaroos. The
large kangaroos are found in zoos around the world.
Another animal native to Australia is the koala bear. The koala looks like a toy teddy bear given
to children in Europe and America. It grows to a height of slightly over two feet. The cub spends the
first six months of its life in its mother’s pouch. The koala eats the leaves of tender shoots of the
eucalyptus tree.
A famous tree native to Australia is the eucalyptus. It can live in dry lands where other plants
will die. The bottle tree is also unusual. Its trunk may hold up to 90 gallons of water during summer.
Australia has become a world leader in the production of raw materials. Gold, copper, zinc,
oil, lead and iron are only some of Australia’s source of wealth.
Other sources of her wealth are her sheep, cattle and farm products.
At least one-fourth of the world’s supply of wool comes from Australia. She also exports wheat
which is an important crop.


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Exercise 33
Hercules was considered the strongest man who ever lived on earth. He was the son the
Alcomena, and his father was the immortal Jupiter, husband of the goddess Hera.
When Hercules was born in the palace of his stepfather, the King of Thebes, Hera wanted to
kill him. She hated all the children of Jupiter by a mortal mother. She sent two serpents into Hercules’
cradle but baby Hercules strangled them between his two fingers until they died. Hercules grew
stronger everyday but even as a young man he did not know that he had such great strength.
Alcomena, his mother and the King of Thebes wanted Hercules to study music and sculpture.
But he liked best to learn wrestling and archery. One day, while learning to play the lyre, he plucked
the wrong string. His music teacher scolded him. Hercules was embarrassed so be banged the lyre on
his teacher’s head. This killed the man instantly. The King of Thebes was so angry that he told
Alcomena that Hercules must sent to the forest. There he could use his great strength on the wild
While in the forest of Thebes, Hercules killed the wolves and the lions that roamed on the
countryside. He went back to Thebes and the king and the people welcomed him as a hero.
He was rewarded with Princess Megara’s hand in marriage. A big wedding was held which was
attended by the shepherds he had saved from the beasts.
Princess Megara bore him two beautiful children who became the pride of their grandparents.
When Hera, the wife of Jupiter, heard about this, she became envious. She used her power to remove
Hercules’ right senses. She turned him into a madman.
While Hercules was walking in the garden, his children quarreled. He, being out of his senses,
joined the quarrel strangling his children to death. It was at this point that Hera returned his right
senses. He was aggrieved upon knowing what he had done. He asked God for forgiveness. As a
punishment, be became a slave.


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Exercise 34
Over a hundred years ago, there was a young doctor named David Livingstone. He lived among
the savages in a South African village. He gave them medicine and preached them about God. Thus,
he gained many friends among the tribes.
David Livingstone, known as the missionary doctor toiled and traveled through thirty years in
the dark continent. When he went to Africa in 1840, the entire central portion was unknown to the
civilized world.
Livingstone had a burning desire and love for the black people of Africa. His work as a doctor
was important. He demonstrated to the blacks the use of quinine in treating malaria. He established
a mission center. With a group of native Africans, he went to the village of tribesmen who had never
seen a white man before. When he had accepted as a friend, he worked with them for weeks or even
David Livingstone was married to the daughter of another English missionary. They had two
children. Because of the hardships they met in Africa, his wife and children were often plagued with
sickness. He decided to send his wife and children back to England. However, his wife returned to
work with her husband. She died on fever later on. Livingstone was heartbroken but he continued his
missionary work.
He preached the gospel in different African dialects. Although some savages did not
understand him at first, they knew he was the “Good One” and so the God he was talking about was
good, too. They believed in him. Because of his sincere efforts, the land of Africa were opened to
peaceful settlement and trade.
On May 1, 1873, Livingstone died of pneumonia. To the African natives their Good One was
gone. Thousands who believed in him paid their last respects. His body was embalmed by the
tribesmen and was sent to England for burial. But the natives removed his heart. They buried it lovingly
in their own soil where Livingstone belonged.
The great progress now seen in Africa is David Livingstone’s living monument against African
slavery and backwardness.

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Exercise 35
On his tenth birthday, Bert received the most exciting gift he ever had. That morning, his
father said, “Come with me, Bert.”
Bert followed his father to the garage. There he saw a cute puppy sleeping peacefully in a
basket. Bert loved the puppy at once.
“Thank you, Father,” Bert said as he took the puppy in his arms. “I will call him Pip.”
“Be good to your puppy, Bert, and you will never be without a friend,” said his father.
Bert and his father built a house for Pip. Bert and his pet spent many happy days together.
They played and romped around and grew fond of each other. Bert taught Pip many tricks and Pip
learned quickly. He was very intelligent and never forgot what he had learned. Pip grew up to be a
beautiful dog that many admired Bert’s friend. For five years, Pip was hardly separated from his
One afternoon as Bert and Pip were jogging merrily along the highway, Bert was attracted by
a beautiful bird. As he ran across the highway to follow the bird, he failed to notice an approaching
car. Screech! Bert himself was shoved sharply to one side. Then he heard a moan. Bert could hardly
believe his eyes! It was Pip lying in the middle of the road, bleeding profusely. Bert took Pip in his arms
and hugged him tightly.
“Pip! Oh! Pip!” cried Bert.
Pip made a feeble sound and tried to lift one of his paws to put on Bert’s arms. Then, he looked
at Bert with happy eyes. Yes, Pip was happy to save his friend. Pip’s body gave one strong shrug and
after staring at Bert as if to say goodbye, he closed his eyes. Bert’s tears rolled down his cheeks and
fell on the body of his beloved friend who served him up to his last breath.
The story of Faithful Pip is a good reminder to all of us. This shows how well a dog can serve
his master. Pip’s devotion to his master shows that a dog can be truly man’s best friend.


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Exercise 36
The big tent was filled with people. Ric with his father and brother was in the crowd to see
the circus. They enjoyed watching the different animals. They loved the elephants, the tiger and the
monkey that made the people laugh and shout.
What Ric enjoyed most was the clown. He looked very funny with his baggy clothes, big, red
nose, drooping eyelids, think eyebrows and big, wide mouth. He seemed to be in every number of the
show and he made all the people in the circus laugh.
However, Ric made many funny, improper acts, just to make people laugh. He was often
scolded by his father and mother because he destroyed things in the house. He used his father’s things
which he should not touch. His teacher complained to his father and mother about their son’s
dangerous tricks. His classmates did not laugh at his jokes anymore.
Ric, the clown, was not making people happy. He made them miserable by making them
victims of his jokes.
At the close of the school year, the children would perform in an orphanage. Ric would be the
His father said, “Remember, Ric, there is a difference between making those children laugh
and making them unhappy. Laughing at others do not make everybody happy.”
Ric, danced, made faces and somersaults which the orphans enjoyed very much. He
performed one little trick. He pulled a string and out came a box full of old toys.
All the children laughed and clapped their hands. Ric handed each of them a toy. They danced
and were very happy. Ric, the clown, knew he had succeeded. He found out that there are different
kinds of clowns. Some clowns entertain people and make them really happy, yet there are also clowns
that bring unhappiness and embarrassment to people. Ric knew what kind of clown he would like to
be – a clown who would cheer up people and make them forget their problems.

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Exercise 37
Spitfire was a handsome colt whose spotted hide looked as if red flames were sprouting all
over his body. He lived in a coral with other colts and their mothers.
The favorite sport of the colts was a kind of boxing. They would stand up on their hind legs
and would paw each other with their forefeet. This kind of play made them surefooted and trained
them in defense.
One day Spitfire and his playmate, Blackfeet, escaped from corral. They want to see what was
behind the deep valley at the back of the corral. They had not gone far when they heard Spitfire’s
mother whining warning Spitfire to come back. But the two colts galloped on. Near the bank of the
river, they heard a sound. They whirled around and to their horror they saw a big world.
The two terrified colts started back to the corral. Blackfeet was able to run fast up the hill.
Spitfire was to follow when the wolf caught his left leg. Spitfire tried to free his hindleg but failed.
Spitfire lashed at the wolf with his heels to defend himself.
Spitfire was finally able to save his legs but he was badly smashed on his sides. He tried
painfully flee towards the wolf cornered him again. Just as the wolf was to throw himself forward.
Spitfire leaped high into the air.
The wolf waited for Spitfire to return his charge. He bared his fangs to attack the fleshy part
of colt’s body but pain gave Spitfire more courage. He leaped high again and turned back. Raising his
two hindlegs, he gave the wolf a vicious kick. But the wolf was too smart to be caught. He knew the
colt would be tired soon and would not be able to plunge into him again. With two fiery eyes, he
watched every move of Spitfire.
The wolf was so busy trying to catch Spitfire offguard, that he did not hear the coming of
pounding hoofs. It was Spitfire’s mother who suddenly attacked the wolf. The angry mother sunk her
teeth on the wolf’s hide. With a quick toss of her head, she threw the wolf into a clump of sharp-
thorned cactus. The wolf, although badly injured, went away limping. Spitfire’s mother turned to her
trembling colt and whined.
“There, my son,” Spitfire’s mother seemed to say, “I hope you learned your lesson.”


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Exercise 38

The moon was just beginning to come out when a line of brown ants filed out of their nests.
They had long spears at the tip of their bodies that could stab and poison at the same time. On both
sides of their mouths were powerful cutting tools which gave them an ugly appearance.
Each ant knew where it was going. It was not long before the ants reached an orange grove
and a beehive which the scout ant had discovered that morning. The army of ants saw a tiny crag big
enough for them to smell the honey.
The ants began scraping and chiseling the beehive with their sharp jaws. The bees inside were
asleep so soundly that they did not hear anything. And ants crept inside the beehive one after the
other. They saw the rich yellow honey. It was a delightful sight for the army of ants. But they also saw
the countless sleeping bees in the combs. The ants knew how to fight the bees. They moved forward
to the honey walls without making a sound. Closer and closer, they moved until a drone hanging
outside of a bee cluster moved in his sleep. He thought he was dreaming when he saw the dark waves
of ants moving near. He saw the feelers of the ants being thrashed into the air with great excitement.
The drone was frightened and he woke his sister up. The female bee charged at the ants and
the drone in turn flew to the top of the hive. His sister’s wings roared and her sting dripped poison but
the army of ants swarmed at her.
She kicked her enemies but they were too many for a single female bee. Soon, she was buried
under a mass of her attackers. She fell on the floor crippled and useless. Still, she kept on trumpeting
to wake the whole hive up.
The bees heard the call and rushed from every part of the beehive. They kicked and churned
the ants with their feet. But each ant that fell came up again until the bees became a struggling mass
in contrast with their enemies. The bees lost their legs and could not kick anymore. They were a mass
of living insects piled high that could neither crawl nor fly.
Hours passed. Honey dripped everywhere. The battle royale between the bees and ants raged
on. The last section of the hive was covered with ants. It was there that the queen bee lay hidden by
her ladies-in-waiting.
The ants attacked the queen bee. She, who was always well-cared for, felt her legs being
ripped from her body. A little later, no more cry for help could be heard from the queen. The bees
knew their queen was dead. One by one her sons and daughters stopped fighting, for it was only the
queen who gave them courage. The hive lay like a wrecked city after the battle. The ants could have
all the honey, and even the give. The bees no longer cared.

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Exercise 39
Once upon a time there lived an old couple in one small village in Japan. They had no children
so they went from temple to temple to offer prayers to their gods so that they might be blessed with
a child. But their prayers were in vain.
One morning, after working in the garden, the couple sat down under a peach tree to rest.
The husband was telling his wife how much he wanted to have a son to help him in his garden when
a very big peach fell on his wife’s lap. She got the fruit and put it in her pocket.
After a while, they went home for breakfast. As the husband was about to cut the peach, he
heard a cry. “Let me out!” said the voice. When the wife looked into the fruit, she saw a child as big
as her little finger. The woman lifted the child and kissed him.
“I heard your prayers up there,” the child said, “So I came to be your son.”
“We will love you very much,” the couple said.
The couple called the tiny child Peaching. They devoted their time in making him happy. They
treated him like a real son. But Peaching did not grow big like other children. Yet he could help his
father plow the field by sitting on the right ear of the plow horse and directing him where to go. He
could also go marketing for his mother by carrying the coins in a small bag. He would sit in the market
basket carried by a dog.
He always did his marketing early to avoid curios people who might notice him. The couple
found a good helper in their tiny son. They loved him more each day.
One night as Peaching’s parents were sleeping, they both have similar dreams. They dreamed
that if they would dip their tiny son into the brook that was in their yard, he would grow up like other
The next morning the happy parents told each other about their dreams
They tiptoed to their tiny son’s room. The husband carried the bed where their tiny son was
sleeping soundly. He immersed the bed with the tiny boy into the brook.
They were both surprised when the bed seemed to have disappeared from their hands. They
were so frightened that they began looking for it among the waterlilies near the bank of the brook.
They heard a merry laughter behind them. When they turned, the couple saw a young man
holding the tiny bed in his hands.
“Father, Mother, I am Peaching,” he said as he rushed and embraced the couple.
“A wicked fairy bewitched me and placed me inside a peach,” Peaching explained. “Because
you loved me and baptized me in this brook, the enchantment was broken. Now I will really be a son
to you.”
The more he became a great help to the couple. He loved his foster parents dearly. Not long
after, Peaching met a lass from another barrio. He fell in love with her and they were married.
The old couple lived happily with their dear son and his family ever after.


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Exercise 40
One hot afternoon, young Robert Fulton went fishing with his friend, Christopher. The two
worked hard to push the long pole into the bottom of the creek. The boat was heavy and hard to steer
because of the passengers and the equipment loaded in it.
“I think an engine could be used to move the boat,” Robert said.
“That is foolish,” said Christopher’s father who was with them. “An engine would surely sink
the boat.”
After a week, Christopher’s father wanted to go fishing again but he did not find his boat on
the bank of the creek. A sound coming from the creek attracted his attention to that direction and he
saw his boat approaching. He noticed something fastened on the sides of the boat.
As it was approaching the bank, Robert said to Christopher’s father, “I invented a way to move
a boat. Turn this crank to move the two paddles on the sides which will move the boat. You can try it,
Christopher’s father stepped onto the boat. Christopher turned the boat while Robert worked
on the crank. The boat moved slowly but steadily upstream.
Robert’s invention was a great success. All the village boys wanted a ride. Ever evening,
villagers were delighted to watch the boat go upstream with the boys cranking the paddles.
But Robert did not forget his idea of boats run by steam, although he was excited by the
success of the boat.
When Robert became seventeen, he went abroad and studied arts in England. While he was
there, he heard of steam engines. Robert then, played with the idea of steam-runned boat. While in
France, he met a man who helped him build a steam-powered boat.
It was a small boat and had a very little space for passengers. People made fun of it. However,
they were amazed to see it running without paddles for several miles.
The initial success encouraged Robert Fulton, so he decided to go to the United States to build
a steam boat and had his new boat built in New York shipyard. He ordered engines from England.
When the boat was nearly finished, people who gathered to see it, made fun of it. They called the new
steamboat “Fulton’s Foolishness”. They believed it would never work.
By late summer of 1807, the first boat was ready. Fulton invited his friends to make the first
trip with him. The boat was expected to run a distance of one hundred fifty miles.
People flocked near the river bank to watch “Fulton’s Foolishness”. When all the passengers
were on the boat, the bell rang a signal for the engine to start. But the boat did not move. How the
people laughed and shouted! Fulton was not discouraged. Something must be done on the engine.
He inspected the engine and corrected the trouble. After a few minutes the paddle wheels began to
turn and the boat started to move. The watchers were dumbfounded. Only the chug-chug of the
engine could be heard. Then shouts of joy echoed. The men tossed their hats into the air while the
women and the children danced and clapped their hands. All the passengers on the boat could hardly
believe that their boat was finally sailing. They all rushed to shake Fulton’s hands. There was a great
excitement all around.
Robert Fulton was happy. Now, people could travel safely and cheaply. Not long after, other
steamboats were built to cross the oceans. Robert Fulton’s dream of a steam engine came true.

Exercise 1

Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Which of the following is true about the Christmas carol, “O Little Town of Bethlehem”?
a. It is loved by a selected few.
b. It is the best loved of all Christmas carols.
c. It is the least known of all Christmas carols.

2. Where was Jesus born?

a. Palestineb. Jerusalemc. Bethlehem

3. What marks now the very spot where Jesus was born?
a. a stableb. a churchc. a museum

4. From where are the people who visited Bethlehem yearly?

a. Jerusalemb. Bethlehemc. all over the world

5. How do people show their reverence to Jesus’ birthplace?

a. by visiting it oftenb. by living near the placec. by bringing gifts and offerings

6. What disappoints people who visit the place nowadays?

a. its modernization
b. its austere simplicity
c. its poor accommodation

7. What could be the religion of the people who come to visit Bethlehem?
a. Hinduism
b. Christianity
c. Mohammedanism

8. What do you think do many people visit Bethlehem?

a. For no reason at all.
b. To satisfy their curiosity.
c. To show their reverence to Jesus.

9. How is Bethlehem known today? Write the phrase of your choice in capital letters.
a. the richest cityb. most modern cityc. most sacred place

10. What is the selection about?

a. Christmas all over the world
b. the birthplace of Jesus Christ
c. the life and sufferings of Jesus
Exercise 2
Direction: Fill in the blanks in each sentence with the correct answer.

1. The story is about __________.

a. children b. animalsc. birds

2. They are called ___________.

a. birds of preyb. birds of paradisec. birds of feathers

3. They belong to the ___________ family.

a. crowb. mayac. owl

4. The male bird’s feathers have ___________.

a. dull colorsb. bright colorsc. green color

5. The female birds’ feathers have ___________.

a. dull colorsb. bright colorsc. green color

6. The male birds of paradise do a lot of ___________ when courting.

a. dancing and strutting
b. jumping and bending
c. kicking and prancing

7. Birds of paradise are of __________.

a. twenty kinds
b. fifteen kinds
c. forty-two kinds

8. They live mostly in the rainforest of ___________.

a. New Zealand
b. New Guinea
c. New Jersey

9. A few kinds of birds of paradise are found in ___________.

a. America
b. Australia
c. Amsterdam

10. With the passage of laws protecting birds, we can expect them to __________.
a. become household pets.
b. multiply rapidly
c. disappear in no time at all

Exercise 3
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Superstitions about precious stones originated ___________.

a. a very recently
b. a long time ago
c. in the modern times

2. Wearer of these stones believed that they would ___________.

a. meet bad luck
b. meet good luck
c. have supernatural powers

3. It is believed that birthstones bring best luck when ___________.

a. they are costly
b. they are given as presents
c. they match the birth month of the wearer

4. Which of these is believed as an exemption from birthstones’ magical influence?

a. Wearer can make an enemy sick.
b. Wearer will become strong and brave.
c. Wearer will be protected from fire and lightning.

5. All these good things attributed to birthstones are ___________.

a. not trueb. very truec. somewhat true

6. People nowadays wear birthstones for ___________.

a. good luckb. showing off c. their beauty

7. In buying birthstones, the first thing one should consider in his __________.
a. birth monthb. favorite colorc. favorite design

8. As time goes by, do you think more and more people will believe in the good luck associated
with birthstones?
a. Yesb. Noc. It depends

9. The birthstone for June is pearl.

Draw a ring with a single pearl.

10. This selection as a whole tells us that good luck and birthstones ___________.
a. cannot be separated
b. are closely associated
c. has nothing to do with each other
Exercise 4
Direction: Select the letter of your answer and write on your answer sheet.

1. Why apples are considered valuable fruits?

a. They are rare and costly.
b. They come in attractive colors.
c. They are rich in vitamins and minerals.

2. Who brought the apple trees to America?

a. the first settlers
b. the late settlers
c. the immigrants from other countries

3. How did the apple trees fare in America?

a. They grew abundantly.
b. They almost did not survive.
c. They disappeared eventually.

4. What does this show?

a. The Americans are not interested in apples.
b. The soil and climate in America is suited for apples.
c. The soil and climate in America is not suited for apples.

5. In what kind of climate do you think will apple thrive?

a. cold climateb. warm climatec. any kind of climate

6. How did Johnny Appleseed grow apples in America?

a. from budsb. from seedsc. from cuttings

7. When did Johnny Appleseed spread apples in the United States?

a. about 1600b. about 1800c. about 1700

8. Why do you think was Johnny called Johnny Appleseed?

a. He wanted to be called Appleseed.
b. His father’s surname was Appleseed.
c. People began calling him Appleseed because he grew apples from seeds.

9. How are most apples grown now?

a. by seedsb. by cuttingc. by budding

10. Draw an apple. Inside your drawing, write how many feet high the apple trees grow.

Exercise 5
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. What were the trusted men of King Arthur called?

a. knights b. adventurersc. cabinet members

2. Where did King Arthur and his men eat?

a. on a round tableb. in different placesc. in the castle kitchen

3. For what were his men known?

a. for bravery
b. for masculinity
c. for handsomeness

4. Who was the bravest and most famous of his knights?

a. Sir Lancelot
b. Sir Percivale
c. Sir Gawaine

5. Where did King Arthur and his men live?

a. in a castle
b. in a forest cave
c. in a secluded woods

6. What was their nationality?

a. Filipinob. Englishc. American

7. Which of these was not done by King Arthur’s men?

a. fight battles
b. collect tribute
c. correct wrongdoings

8. Why were the names and deeds of King Arthur’s men posted at the castle?
a. to serve as modelsb. to serve as decorationc. to serve as their punishment

9. What do you think will be the influences of King Arthur’s men to the youth who will read
their golden deeds?
a. They will just laugh. b. They will just become bad.c. They will become good.

10. “Their golden deeds never fail to impress people up to now.”

Copy the phrase from the sentence above which tells that people up to now still admire

Exercise 6
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Who had just arrived from Paris?

a. Juan Lunab. Juan dela Cruzc. Juan Sumulong

2. What did he miss most when he was abroad?

a. his sonb. his wifec. his native land

3. What did he and his friends use to sing?

a. jazzb. operettasc. kundimans

4. Whom did he visit when he came back to the Philippines?

a. his lady friendsb. his son’s friendsc. his male friends

5. Whom did his woman friend request to sing?

a. her sisterb. her niecec. her daughter

6. What did he request his lady friend’s sister sing?

a. balitao
b. a lullaby
c. a kundiman

7. Who did not know how to sing a kundiman?

a. the woman’s sister
b. the woman’s friend
c. the woman’s mother

8. How did the sister of Juan Luna’s friend regard our kundiman?
a. It’s a good song.
b. It’s a low class song.
c. It’s a hard-to-learn song.

9. What was wrong with his sister?

a. She was sick.
b. She couldn’t sing.
c. She had colonial mentality.

10. What lesson should this sister learn?

a. honesty
b. obedience
c. love of country

Exercise 7

Direction: Select and copy the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. People loved roses ___________.

a. just recentlyb. in modern timesc. since the ancient times

2. The rose plant is __________.

a. a water plant
b. a delicate plant
c. a strong and hardy plant

3. The simplest way of propagating roses is by ___________.

a. cutting
b. budding
c. marcotting

4. Roses are loved for their _________.

a. medicinal value
b. sentimental value
c. fragrance and beauty

5. This selection as a whole is about __________.

a. rosesb. plantsc. flowers

6. Roses are grown best _________.

a. during summerb. during rainy seasonc. throughout the year

7. Roses being attacked by pests or diseases can be saved by __________.

a. cutting the plantb. spraying the plantc. talking to the plant

8. Dried roses that had been found in ancient tombs prove that roses are used as a symbol of
a. loveb. purityc. justice

9. Draw a rose flower with two zigzag leaves. Put thorns on its stem.

10. This selection would be more appealing to __________.

a. the males
b. the females
c. both males and females

Exercise 8
Direction: Choose the best answer and write it down on your paper.

1. Pua was a ___________.

a. kingb. datuc. Muslim

2. He had a little boy whom he called __________.

a. Peteb. Alipc. Tito

3. The little boy was always followed by his __________.

a. fatherb. motherc.yaya

4. The little boy slipped into the kitchen and got __________.
a. dried fish and riceb. dried meat and cakesc. dried apple and prunes

5. Which of these virtues or traits did Alip possess according to the story?
a. kindnessb. truthfulnessc. obedience

6. They patted the little boy’s __________.

a. arms
b. cheeks
c. hands

7. What is true about the three beggars at the palace gates?

a. They were all healthy.
b. One or all of them had smallpox.
c. They cast a bad magic spell on Little Alip.

8. Little round scars were left on the little boy’s __________.

a. body and face
b. legs and arms
c. feet and hands

9. What proof is there which shows that people loved Alip?

a. They named their place after Alip.
b. They called Alip, Smallpox Alip or Alipuaton.
c. They did not forget to tell Alip that they loved him.

10. Write the word “Alipuaton”. Put a dash after it and then write the town and province where
this barrio can be found.

Exercise 9

Direction: Select and write the letter of the best answer on your answer sheet.

1. Rubber comes from a certain kind of __________.

a. tree
b. vine
c. grass

2. This selection is purely about ___________.

a. the production of rubber
b. the different rubber products
c. the prospect of rubber industry in the Philippines

3. We grow rubber in __________.

a. Luzon
b. Visayas
c. Mindanao

4. A kind of rubber grown in our country is what we call __________.

a. carrab. narrac. para

5. Rubber is grown from ___________.

a. bulbs
b. shoots
c. cuttings

6. Rubber is taken from the ___________.

a. trunk b. seedsc. leaves

7. Goodyear has a rubber factory in ___________.

a. Las Piñasb. Parañaquec. Meycauayan

8. More people in Luzon will be employed as ___________.

a. driversb. rubber mouldersc. rubber plantation workers

9. More people in Mindanao work as ___________.

a. driversb. rubber mouldersc. rubber plantation workers

10. Draw a circle. Inside it, write about how many kilos of rubber can each rubber plant yield in
one year.

Exercise 10
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Who is Mang Selo?

a. a farmerb. a carpenterc. a herdsman

2. Whom did he visit one day?

a. Mang Juanb. Mang Kulasc. Mang Ambo

3. Who was sorting the healthy seeds?

a. Mang Selob. Mang Juanc. Mang Ambo

4. What was being sorted out?

a. healthy seeds of cornb. healthy seeds of palayc. healthy seeds of mango

5. Where do good rice stocks come from?

a. good palayb. good harvestc. good seedlings

6. To what did Mang Ambo compare the good seedlings?

a. to raising palay
b. to raising children
c. to raising chickens

7. Where did Mang Ambo live?

a. in a nearby city
b. in a nearby farm
c. in a nearby town

8. What did Mang Ambo hope for his children?

a. to study
b. to grow up
c. to be good citizen

9. What did Mang Selo think of what his friend Ambo said to him?
a. He hated him.
b. He believed him.
c. He was angry with him.

10. What happens to children who are raised properly?

a. become good citizen
b. become problem children
c. become wayward children

Exercise 11

Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. How did Marita and Mike regard the one-centavo coin?

a. of no valueb. very importantc. fit for beggars

2. What did they do with the one-centavo coins that they chanced upon?
a. kept themb. threw them awayc. gave them to beggars

3. What goes with the special offer of soap?

a. a tube of toothpasteb. an autograph albumc. a sachet of shampoo

4. How much did the special offer cost?

a. P 4.95b. P 4.99c. P 10.00

5. How much did the children lack to buy the special offer?
a. P 0.05
b. P 0.10
c. P 0.01

6. How much was Mike’s money?

a. P 1.25
b. P 10.00
c. P 9.50

7. How much was Marita’s money?

a. P 0.25
b. P 0.50
c. P 0.75

8. How much were the children able to raise?

Write the amount in words.

9. Write how many one-centavo coins there are in one peso.

10. What lesson will Marita and Mike learn from this experience>
a. A peso will not miss a centavo.
b. One-centavo coin are no longer useful.
c. A peso will not be a peso if it lacks a centavo.

Exercise 12
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The angry boys called Tirso a __________.

a. herob. cowardc. liar

2. Tirso was pinned against a __________.

a. wall b. bedc. chair

3. A strong arm pulled the __________ away.

a. animalsb. attackersc. children

4. The man who rescued Tirso was ___________.

a. short
b. tall
c. medium-sized

5. The man who rescued Tirso was ___________.

a. Mr. Vic Cruz
b. Mr. Vic Diaz
c. Mr. Vic Gomez

6. He was popular with the __________.

a. students
b. athletes
c. teachers

7. Four to one is a __________ fight.

a. hero’s
b. coward’s
c. brave’s

8. Tirso __________.
a. will repent on his decision
b. can easily be swayed by a barkada
c. has a firm stand on what he thinks is right or wrong

9. Tirso and Mr. Gomez ____________.

a. have opposing opinions
b. have the same opinions
c. cannot see each other eye to eye

10. Write the activity which Tirso does not like to join. Underline it.
Exercise 13
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. From where Lisa and Cesar?

a. abroadb. a distant farmc. a big city nearby

2. About how old are they?

a. five and sevenb. twelve and fourteen c. eighteen and twenty

3. What helped you guess their ages?

a. It was clearly stated in the story.
b. They could go visiting by themselves.
c. They were excited with what they saw.

4. Who took Lisa and Cesar around the farm?

a. an uncleb. Grandfatherc. Grandmother

5. Where were the children taken?

a. barnb. orchardc. prawn pond

6. When did Lisa and Cesar visit grandfather?

a. one fine dayb. one rainy dayc. after a typhoon

7. How did they both feel on the farm?

a. happy b. sadc. afraid
8. Where do they prefer to live?
a. abroad
b. in the city
c. on the farm

9. How did Grandfather feel about the children?

a. angry
b. bothered
c. pleased

10. Write the first three letters of the day when the visit was made.

Exercise 14

Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. A muddy carabao slowly made its way to ___________.

a. garden b. meadow c. grassy field

2. A cow was munching __________.

a. hay b. vines c. grass

3. The cow teased the carabao because it was __________.

a. clean b. muddy c. hardworking

4. The carabao called the cow a ___________.

a. freak b. friend c. lazybone

5. The carabao and the cow were ____________.

a. good friends
b. mortal enemies
c. not on speaking terms

6. The cow does nothing but ___________.

a. eat and sleep
b. drink and sleep
c. munch and walk

7. The master wants the carabao to __________.

a. drink and eat
b. grow big and fat
c. live as long as possible

8. The master will sell the cow to the __________.

a. market b. butcher c. slaughterhouse

9. What do you think happened after the conversation between the cow and the carabao?
a. The carabao no longer wanted to work.
b. The carabao became more hardworking.
c. The carabao and the cow became mortal enemies.

10. Which statement is true?

a. The carabao is wiser than the cow.
b. The cow is wiser than the carabao.
c. The carabao will live much longer than the cow.
Exercise 15
Direction: Pick out the letter of the correct answer and write it on your answer sheet.

1. The Philippines is known as the ___________.

a. Land of the Brave b. Pearl of the Orient Seas c. Jewel of the Pacific Ocean

2. The Philippines is composed of ___________.

a. several coral reefs b. big and small islands c. a string of submerged volcanoes

3. On a map, the Philippines look like ____________.

a. Chocolate Hills b. a string of pearls c. scattered palay grains

4. Our forefathers ____________.

a. lived a poor oppressed life b. enjoyed the beauty of our country
c. did not enjoy the beauty of our country

5. When the Spaniards came to our soil, ___________.

a. they bought all the products b. they brought with them better ways of living
c. they learned many things from our forefathers

6. One bad effect of the coming of the Spaniards in the Philippines is ____________.
a. our Hispanization b. or Christianization c. our loss of freedom

7. Because seas separate our Islands, ___________.

a. we became seafarers
b. we became fish eaters
c. we speak different dialects

8. The Philippines is considered one of the most beautiful countries in the __________.
a. West b. East c. South

9. Why does our government encourage our models and dancers to tour the different parts of
the world?
a. to show off
b. for their own cultural growth
c. to promote the rice cultural heritage of our country

10. How can you, in your own little way, make the Philippines known to other countries?
a. by being a good citizen
b. by being friendly to foreigners
c. by having pen pals from abroad

Exercise 16
Direction: Copy the best answer on your paper.

1. Who was surely waiting for Rene and Lisa?

a. Jo b. Father c. Mother

2. What was Jo?

a. a bird b. a dog c. a monkey

3. Where did Rene and Lisa find Jo?

a. on a corner b. under the bed c. in the comfort room

4. What did he do that displeased Mother?

a. He destroyed all the plants. b. He ate what Mother was cooking.
c. He scattered soapsuds all around.

5. What was Mother about to do to Jo?

a. She was about to sell him. b. She was about to give him away.
c. She was about to hit him with a stick.

6. What would Father and Mother do with Jo if he did not behave?

a. kill him b. sell him c. give him away

7. Which one of these describes Jo?

a. He was always eating. b. He keeps on destroying things.
c. He was full of tricks and foolishness.

8. How did the children solve the problem?

a. They whipped Jo. b. They gave Jo away.
c. They tied Jo to the nearby tree.

9. How did the story end?

a. Jo died. b. Jo was given away.
c. Jo learned to behave.

10. Draw Jo with a long tail.

Exercise 17
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. What was the brothers’ nationality?

a. Filipino b. Chinese c. American

2. How did you know their nationality?

a. by their ways b. by their looks c. by their names

3. The brothers lived in a __________.

a. two-storey building b. five-storey building c. four-storey building

4. They were awakened by a __________.

a. strong rain
b. strong wind
c. strong earthquake

5. In a second, they were buried in tons of

a. leaves, trees and grass
b. bricks, cement and wood
c. stones, pebbles and rocks

6. Ching prayed to __________.

a. God
b. his father
c. his mother

7. Ching touched the side of a ___________.

a. wall
b. roof
c. kitchen

8. Ching tried to pound on the wall with a piece of __________.

a. iron b. stick c. rock

9. Why did Ching pound on the wall?

a. to break the wall b. to frighten the rescuers above him
c. to let rescuers know he was underneath

10. What lesson can you get from the story?

a. You can do nothing with your destiny.
b. God helps those who help themselves.
c. It is not safe to live in four-storey apartments.
Exercise 18
Direction: Write the answer on your answer sheet.

1. Balagtas knew that his countrymen were ___________.

a. unhappy b. happy c. gay

2. They were oppressed by their enemy in ___________.

a. their homes b. their own native land c. their fields

3. Balagtas understood the injustices when he was imprisoned by his ___________.

a. friends b. family c. rich rival

4. The injustices he saw served as his inspiration in writing his ___________.

a. poems b. songs c. story

5. The most noted of his poems is ___________.

a. La Negra b. Florante at Laura c. To Rizal

6. Most of the scenes in his poem were pictures of the sufferings of his __________.
a. wife b. countrymen c. children

7. During Balagtas’ time, it was considered treason to criticize ___________.

a. his countrymen b. any foreign government c. the Spanish government

8. Balagtas made the setting of his poem ___________.

a. in France b. in Spain c. in Albania

9. Why did Balagtas use a foreign country as setting for his Florante at Laura?
a. to avoid being persecuted
b. to make the epic more interesting
c. The incidents really happened in a foreign country.

10. Florante at Laura is considered a masterpiece in ___________.

a. poetry
b. nationalism
c. heroism

Exercise 19
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The story tells about ___________.

a. General Aguinaldo b. the National Anthem c. the Father of the National Anthem

2. The declaration of Philippine Independence took place in __________.

a. Tirad Pass b. Kawit, Cavite c. Malolos, Bulacan

3. The general’s name was ___________.

a. Juan Luna b. Emilio Aguinaldo c. Andres Bonifacio

4. The bearer of the letter was ___________.

a. Julian Felipe b. Diego Silang c. Mariano Espeleta

5. The march piece was played on the ___________.

a. organ b. piano c. violin

6. The melody inspires one to serve his ___________.

a. officers
b. people
c. country

7. The musical march piece was later on called ___________.

a. “Philippines”
b. “My Country”
c. “National Anthem”

8. The Philippine Independence was declared on ____________.

a. July 4, 1946
b. June 12, 1898
c. June 19, 1898

9. The National Anthem was played for the first time in ____________.
a. Manila
b. Kawit, Cavite
c. Barasoain

10. This selection could very well be a lesson in ___________.

a. English
b. Mathematics
c. Civics and Culture

Exercise 20
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The story tells about a ___________.

a. tiny brown kid b. big, black dog c. mother goat and her kid

2. The goat roamed around the ___________.

a. forest b. woods c. meadow

3. Mother Goat gave birth to a ___________.

a. white kid b. black kid c. brown kid

4. Mother Goat hid her kid behind a ____________.

a. tree
b. house
c. big rock

5. In the battle between the dog and the goat, the winner was ____________.
a. the dog
b. the goat
c. not any of them

6. A savage battle took place between the ____________.

a. kid and the dog
b. Mother Goat and the kid
c. Mother Goat and the dog

7. Mother Goat gored the dog with her ____________.

a. feet b. horns c. head

8. They story tells us of ____________.

a. mothers’ sacrifices for their young ones
b. mothers’ selfishness to their young ones
c. how mothers discipline their young ones

9. This instinct of motherhood is true to ____________.

a. goat only b. all mothers c. human beings only

10. This selection also tells us to ____________.

a. expect the best care from our mother
b. demand more things from our mother
c. pay greater love and respect to our mother

Exercise 21
Direction: Write the letter of the correct word or phrase that will best fill the blank.

1. The story tells about a Jukon girl named ___________.

a. Ashu b. Jukon c. Ahmed

2. The Jukons were the once mighty tribe of warriors and priests in ___________.
a. North America b. West Africa c. West Australia

3. Ashu lived with other Jukons in a ___________.

a. barracks b. camp c. compound

4. Ashu had a prized possession, a very small one on which she was looking at her face,
which was a ____________.
a. new ribbon b. small mirror c. red comb

5. How Ashu longed for a ____________.

a. satin skirt b. silk blouse c. silk headcloth

6. Her dream possession was still ___________.

a. abroad b. in a factory c. in the market

7. It cost about ____________.

a. 10 shillings b. 15 shillings c. 20 shillings

8. She went to the market to ____________.

a. see it b. buy it c. get it

9. She could not dare to ask money from her father because he must be ___________.
a. dead
b. strict
c. very poor

10. Which of the words below is another name for a headcloth? Copy it in print.
a. hat
b. turban
c. shawl

Exercise 22
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Who served as an inspiration to the founding of the Red Cross Society?

a. Tandang Sora
b. Josefa Escoda
c. Florence Nightingale

2. Where was Florence Nightingale raised?

a. in a French countryside
b. in an English countryside
c. in a German countryside

3. How did she show her love for nursing?

a. by caring for her sick friends
b. by caring for her sick mother
c. by caring for her dolls and sick animals

4. What was the name of the dog she saved?

a. Cap
b. Laddie
c. Brownie

5. What did her parents want her to do?

a. to study nursing b. to study medicine c. to lead a gay and social life

6. To whom was she presented when she reached the age of eighteen?
a. to Queen Anne b. to Queen Beatrix c. to Queen Victoria

7. In what profession is Florence Nightingale’s life possibly studied?

a. in the nursing profession b. in medical profession c. in the teaching profession

8. How did the people regard nursing during the nineteenth century?
a. They honored it. b. They admired it. c. They despised it.

9. In what war did Florence serve?

a. between Britain and Russia b. between Italy and Germany
c. between France and England

10. Write down Florence Nightingale’s profession.

Underline it twice.

Exercise 23
Direction: On your answer sheet, copy the word that best completes each sentence

1. The Chinese used to believe that there was a little demon called __________.
a. Shan-Shao b. Sio Pao c. Sung-Sin

2. They thought that this demon gave them ___________.

a. aches and pains b. cold and cough c. fever and chills

3. To drive this demon away they first invented the ____________.

a. crackling bamboos b. bamboo cannons c. bamboo stilts

4. Sometimes they would ____________.

a. dance around the bamboo groves b. set bamboo grove on fire
c. shoot at unseen demons

5. Later, they discovered that saltpeter, sulphur and pine charcoal mixed together produced
a. the cure for fever and chills b. gunpowder c. sparklers

6. Li Tien discovered gunpowder out of the necessity to ___________.

a. dirve away demons b. earn a decent living c. fight the country’s enemies

7. The demons whom the Chinese believed to be causing their much dreaded disease were in
reality __________.
a. flies
b. mosquitoes
c. bats

8. That much dreaded disease of fever and chills is what we now call ___________.
a. flue
b. malaria
c. tuberculosis

9. This selection tells us ____________.

a. how firecrackers came to be invented
b. how disease used to be treated
c. how the Chinese got rid of the little demon

10. Write the name of the man who invented firecrackers. Put a dash after his name and then
write his nationality.

Exercise 24
Direction: Read each question carefully and copy the letter of the correct answer.

1. Where did Lan Ying live?

a. near the sea b. near the river c. near the mountains

2. What did Lan Ying often wonder about?

a. The farmers’ lives
b. The fishermen’s lives
c. The source of the Good River

3. What was Lan Ying’s father’s occupation?

a. farmer b. plowman c. fisherman

4. Why did the grandfathers tend the nets?

a. They were farmers.
b. They had nothing to do.
c. They have grown too old to work in the fields.

5. Why did Lan Ying sit by the riverside?

a. She had nothing to do.
b. She had to watch her father’s fishnets.
c. It had come to have a special meaning for her.

6. What did they get in catching fish?

a. extra fish
b. extra burden
c. extra pennies

7. For what did they use the money they earned in fishing?
a. For buying nets b. For buying incense c. For riding on bancas

8. In what country did Lan Ying live?

a. Spain b. Japan c. China

9. What is the story about?

a. Lan Ying and her father
b. Lan Ying and the farmer
c. Lan Ying and her Good River

10. Which word best describes the Good River?

a. dangerous b. helpful c. enchanted

Exercise 25
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The story is about an ___________.

a. eagle
b. Indian
c. outlaw

2. Robin Hood was an ___________.

a. Australian
b. American
c. Englishman

3. The king offered a prize for his head because he killed the ____________.
a. King’s wife
b. King’s deer
c. King’s daughter

4. He was hated by the King but loved by ___________.

a. the poor b. the women c. his countrymen

5. His motto was ____________.

a. “Help the rich, rob the King.” b. “Rob the rich, help the poor.”
c. “Rob the poor, help the rich.”

6. He and his merry men were usually in ____________.

a. the river b. Sherwood Forest c. the Castle of the King

7. Robin Hood and his men always had a stout bow and were all dressed in ____________.
a. red b. blue c. green

8. Had Robin Hood accepted the King’s offer, he would be considered ____________.
a. a pirate b. a vagabond c. a law abiding citizen

9. In our present society, one who is helping the poor but robbing the rich is committing a
crime and is due for ___________.
a. forgiveness b. punishment c. sort of reward

10. The name Robin Hood is arousing the interest of the reader because of his ____________.
a. cruelty to the rich
b. kindness to the poor
c. interesting adventures

Exercise 26
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. What made the animals in the forest happy?

a. the message that their king was sick
b. the party that will soon be held for them
c. the message that they will receive a share of the lion’s wealth

2. What message did the lion next send his subjects?

a. The lion wanted to ask for forgiveness.
b. The lion wanted to bid the goodbye.
c. The lion was fast recovering from his illness.

3. Why did the animals do whatever the lion wanted?

a. The lion was their king.
b. The lion was kind to them.
c. The lion supported them with their meals.

4. Who did not go to see the lion?

a. the fox b. the deer c. the rabbit

5. What prompted the animals to see the lion in his cave?

a. their love for their lion
b. their respect for their king
c. their greediness for wealth

6. Was the lion really sick?

a. No
b. Yes
c. Somewhat

7. What do you think happened to the animals that entered the lion’s cave?
a. They were imprisoned inside the cave.
b. They were all killed by the lion.
c. They were made to prepare food for the lion.

8. Which of the words below best describes the fox?

a. lazy
b. wise
c. coward

9. What is the moral lesson of the story?

a. Obey at once.
b. Don’t bite the bait.
c. Don’t think evil on your ruler.

10. Draw a small cave. At its mouth, draw a cross signifying the death of the animals in the

Exercise 27
Direction: Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. The story is mainly about ___________.

a. rice b. wheat c. corn

2. It is a staple food in many parts of ___________.

a. Europe b. Asia c. Switzerland

3. The cereal discussed originated from ____________.

a. Asia and Africa
b. Britain and Africa
c. Australia and New Zealand

4. The long-grained kind of rice found in America comes from ____________.

a. European species
b. Asiatic species
c. New Guinea species

5. In western countries, cutting and threshing are done by ___________.

a. mortar b. treading
6. c. machines

7. Brown rice with the bran layer has much ____________.

a. food nutrients
b. sugar content
c. broken grains

8. White rice is rich is ____________.

a. protein
b. starch
c. fat

9. Fine soft straw of the rice plant is used for weaving ____________.
a. clothes
b. hats and bags
c. mats and hats

10. The broken grain is used in making ___________.

a. bran
b. rice wine
c. mats

11. In the Philippines, there is a Rice Research Center located in ____________.

a. Makati
b. Laguna
c. Isabela

Exercise 28
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Ticoy was the name of a ____________.

a. boy b. river c. barrio

2. He was known as a ____________.

a. little shepherd b. little cowherd c. little herdsboy

3. The barrio where he lived was ____________ kilometers away from the town.
a. five
b. two
c. three

4. He was tending ____________.

a. cows
b. goats
c. carabaos

5. One morning, a ___________ stopped near the road.

a. car
b. banca
c. motorcycle

6. Ticoy gave utmost consideration and importance to ____________.

a. the mission of the stranger
b. her responsibility to his father
c. the money which the man would give him.

7. What happened after much prodding from the man?

a. Ticoy did not leave his carabaos.
b. Ticoy left his carabaos and accompanied the man.
c. Ticoy looked for someone who would help the man.

8. Ticoy’s responses ____________.

a. pleased the man
b. angered the man
c. displeased the man

9. Ticoy’s greatest virtue was his being ____________.

a. brave and frank
b. obedient and polite
c. honest and trustworthy

10. This story could very well be a lesson in ____________.

a. English
b. Civics and Culture
c. Character Building

Exercise 29
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. What was the name of the Christian Bishop?

a. Philip
b. Richard
c. Valentine

2. Did the people love him?

a. No
b. Yes
c. Maybe

3. What flower was he especially fond of?

a. rose b. rosal c. gardenia

4. How did he show his love for children?

a. sent them gifts b. sent them cakes c. sent them to school

5. Why did Emperor Claudius prohibit his soldiers to marry?

a. to control population growth
b. to make them stay in the army
c. as punishment for some wrongdoings

6. What did Bishop Valentine’s marrying couples secretly show in spite of the emperor’s
a. disobedience b. strong conviction c. kindness

7. What was Bishop Valentine’s vow?

a. correct wrongdoings b. send roses to everyone c. spread love and good will to all

8. Whom did Valentine love?

a. the army b. the emperor c. the poor and the sick

9. Who flocked near the prison cell to cheer him up?

a. soldiers
b. animals
c. the emperor

10. Why is Valentine’s Day celebrated on February 14?

a. That was the wish of Bishop Valentine.
b. That was the day Bishop Valentine died
c. That was the birthday of Bishop Valentine.

Exercise 30
Direction: Write the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. Man can cause rain to fall on regions needing rain because of the progress of ___________.
a. science b. civilization c. man

2. Rainmaking is important to ____________.

a. constructions
b. agriculture
c. fishing

3. Primitive people believed that rain could fall by ___________.

a. praying
b. killing animals
c. dancing and other rituals

4. Rain is a physical process determined by ____________.

a. man
b. natural factors
c. physical factors

5. No amount of rainmaking ca succeed without enough ____________.

a. water vapor
b. gas
c. wind

6. Large drops of water are dropped into the clouds by ____________.

a. wind
b. plane
c. hose

7. Another method of producing rain is by dropping into clouse some ____________.

a. water
b. gas
c. dry ice

8. So far, rainmaking is ____________.

a. a failure
b. very successful
c. partially successful

9. Draw some clouds. Above it, draw an airplane dropping dry ice among the clouds.

10. Once manmade rains become truly successful, the group of people who will benefit most are
the ___________.
a. scientist
b. fishermen
c. farmers

Exercise 31
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The story of our country may well be told in the glorious lives of ___________.
a. our people
b. our ancestors
c. our famous men

2. This selection deals mostly about ____________.

a. great Filipino women
b. great Filipino men and women
c. the rich and educated Filipino women

3. Melchora Aquino was known as ____________.

a. Maria Clara b. Tandang Sora c. Lady with the Lamp

4. The brave wife of Diego Silang was ____________.

a. Josefa b. Gabriela c. Melchora

5. The woman who shared her riches with the poor was ____________.
a. Doña Aurora b. Librada Avelino c. Margarita Roxas de Ayala

6. The foremost educator of our time was ____________.

a. Sofia de Veyra
b. Gabriela Silang
c. Librada Avelino

7. The first Filipino nurse who served our country was _____________.
a. Sofie de Veyra
b. Olivia Salamanca
c. Josefa Llanes Escoda

8. The woman who was considered a very efficient social worker was ____________.
a. Sofia de Veyra
b. Gabriela Silang
c. Melchora Aquino

9. She was of much help to the guerillas during our war against Japan. She was
a. Sofia de Veyra
b. Librada Avelino
c. Josefa Llanes Escoda

10. A very important message of the selection is ____________.

a. Men alone can be great.
b. Greatness is attributed to those who died serving the country.
c. One can be great regardless of position of occupation by doing one’s best serve one’s

Exercise 32
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. As a continent, Australia is the ____________.

a. largest b. smallest c. richest

2. As an island, it is the _____________.

a. largest b. smallest c. richest

3. It lies along the ____________.

a. China Sea b. Atlantic Ocean c. Pacific Ocean

4. Its area is about ____________.

a. 3,000,000 sq miles
b. 5,000,000 sq miles
c. 10,000,000 sq miles

5. Australia was peopled by the _____________.

a. red race
b. white race
c. black race

6. A strange plant found in Australia that can live in dry land where other plants cannot live is
the _____________.
a. cactus
b. eucalyptus
c. pine tree

7. Another strange plant that can hold up to 80 gallons of water in its trunk is the
a. bottle tree
b. pine tree
c. rubber tree

8. Australia is a great supplier of the world’s ____________.

a. staple food
b. raw materials
c. energy source

9. The fact that Australia supplies the world with raw materials indicates that she still lacks
a. trade partner
b. other kinds of raw materials
c. the technological know-how in production

10. Invasion is quite impossible for Australia because it is located ___________ other islands.
a. near
b. very near
c. far from
Exercise 33
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. It is said that the strongest man that ever lived on earth was _____________.
a. Atlas b. Hercules c. Jupiter

2. The strongest man was the son of ____________.

a. Juno b. Jupiter c. Pluto

3. This strongman’s father was a god but his mother was ______________.
a. an animal
b. a goddess
c. a mortal

4. A goddess sent serpents to kill the strongman when he was still a baby but the baby killed
them by _____________.
a. strangling
b. smashing
c. poisoning

5. When Hercules was scolded by his music teacher, he ___________.

a. left him
b. killed him
c. answered him back

6. Hercules helped the country people by ____________.

a. fetching water from a nearby well
b. doing all the heavy work in the fields
c. killing the wolves and lions that roamed around

7. As a reward , he was able to marry ____________.

a. Princess Hera
b. Princess Megara
c. Princess Alcomena

8. Envious of Hercules’ good life, Hera made him ____________.

a. blind b. insane c. a slave

9. If justice is to be instituted in the story, the ending should be ____________.

a. Hercules was killed. b. Hera became insane.
c. They all lived happily ever after.

10. In our present society, an insane person is not persecuted for he knows not what he is doing.
Along this line, if you think justice was done on Hercules, draw a flower, if injustice, draw a

Exercise 34
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. David Livingstone was ______________.

a. American b. African c. English

2. By profession, he was a ______________.

a. doctor b. teacher c. preacher

3. Dark Continent refers to ______________.

a. Australia
b. Africa
c. America

4. David Livingstone preferred to live among the _____________.

a. elitist Americans
b. African savages
c. English prisoners

5. Quinine is a kind of medicine for treating ______________.

a. malaria
b. pneumonia
c. tuberculosis

6. David’s life was dedicated to the well-being and progress of the _____________.
a. African natives
b. Australian natives
c. American Negroes

7. David was referred to as _____________.

a. The Good
b. The Good One
c. The Strong One

8. On May 1, 1873, he died of _____________.

a. pneumonia
b. tubercolosis
c. malaria

9. In his chosen mission, David and his family had led ______________.
a. an easy life
b. a leisurely life
c. a hard life

10. The fact that he lived for many years and died in his chosen place of work showed that
a. he preferred to live there
b. he was forced to stay there
c. he was not accepted in other places

Exercise 35

Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. When did Bert receive the most exciting gift he ever had?
a. on his tenth birthday
b. on his twelfth birthday
c. on his thirteenth birthday

2. Bert like the ____________ at once.

a. doll b. dog c. puppy

3. Bert named him _____________.

a. Jo b. Pip c. Poodle

4. Bert taught him how to ______________.

a. read b. swim c. do many tricks

5. They played and romped together and loved each other as ____________.
a. brothers
b. friends
c. neighbors

6. People looked at Bert’s pet with _____________.

a. hatred
b. admiration
c. envy

7. Bert failed to notice an approaching _____________.

a. bus
b. truck
c. car

8. _____________ body bled profusely.

a. Pip’s
b. Bert’s
c. His father’s

9. Pip was _____________ for having saved his master’s life.

a. sad
b. sorry
c. happy

10. He stared at his master’s face as if to say _____________.

a. “Hello.”
b. “Goodbye.”
c. “How are you?”

Exercise 36
Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. It is all started when father brought Ric and his brother to a _____________.
a. fair b. circus c. movie

2. What Ric enjoyed most was _____________.

a. the rides b. the clown c. his favorite actor

3. Ric started imitating the _____________.

a. actor b. clown c. trainer

4. Not all of Ric’s tricks were _____________.

a. funny b. true to life c. dangerous

5. His tricks made people _____________.

a. learn b. happy c. miserable

6. At the end of the year, Ric and his classmates were invited to perform tricks in
a. a hospital
b. an orphanage
c. another school

7. Finally Ric learned to make people really happy without hurtingor insulting them. Thanks to
his ____________.
a. father
b. teacher
c. classmate

8. A clown is one who entertains people by making them _____________.

a. cry
b. laugh
c. shout

9. After the above performance, the possibility for Ric to be invited to perform is ___________.
a. great
b. small
c. none at all

10. Some clowns entertain and makes people really happy; others entertain and embarrass
people . if you prefer the first kind, write “Happy” on your answer sheet; if the second, write

Exercise 37

Direction: Write the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The story is about ____________.

a. a mother wolf and its young
b. a mother deer and its young
c. a mother horse and its young colt

2. In this story, the young colt’s name was ____________.

a. Blackfeet b. Spitfire c. Swiftfeet

3. This colt was quite ____________.

a. curious b. sickly c. disobedient

4. Two colts faced the danger of being eaten by a _____________.

a. lion b. tiger c. wolf

5. One colt was able to run fast uphill and that was ____________.
a. Blackfeet
b. Spitfire
c. Swiftfeet

6. Alas, the mischievous colt was saved by his ___________.

a. father
b. master
c. mother

7. The moral lesson of this story is: ______________.

a. Always be alert.
b. It pays to be strong.
c. Always obey your mother.

8. The story once again tell of a mother ____________.

a. risking her life for her young one
b. working hard to prepare her young one
c. working hard to feed her young one

9. This story once again proved that: ___________.

a. Fathers work hard
b. Mothers know best
c. Mothers belong to the weaker sex

10. If mother horse did not come, young cold would eventually ____________.
a. win
b. escape
c. be killed

Exercise 38
Direction: Write the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. What filed out of their nests when the moon was just coming out?
a. a line of ants
b. a line of bees
c. a line of people

2. On both sides of the ant’s mouth were powerful cutting tools that gave them a
a. sweet look
b. terrible look
c. frightened look

3. The scout ant had discovered ____________ that morning.

a. an ant hill
b. a plant full of worms
c. a beehive in the orange grove

4. The ants used their ____________ for scraping and chiseling the beehive.
a. ears
b. sharp jaws
c. long spears

5. Thousands of open cells in the beehive were full of

a. bees
b. pollen
c. honey

6. The drone was so frightened that he

a. fought the ants
b. woke his sister up
c. hang himself on the tree

7. The ____________ was buried under a mass of attackers.

a. drone
b. sister bee
c. queen ant

8. The bees could not kick anymore for they have lost their ____________.
a. eyes b. hands c. legs

9. One by one the bees gave up their fight for they knew
a. they have lost b. their queen was dead c. there was no more honey

10. The hive lay like a ______________.

a. dead city b. wrecked city c. beautiful city

Exercise 39
Direction: Write the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The Japanese couple prayed for a ___________.

a. daughter
b. son
c. child

2. They sat down to rest under a ___________.

a. peach tree
b. orange tree
c. mango tree

3. A big peach fell on the woman’s ____________.

a. shoulder
b. head
c. lap

4. The child they saw was no bigger than the couple’s little ___________.
a. head
b. toes
c. fingers

5. They called him ____________.

a. Peaching
b. Orangeling
c. Ting-a-ling

6. The tiny boy went marketing early to avoid ____________.

a. cars
b. curious people
c. his parents

7. One night, the couple dreamed that they should dip their tiny son into a ____________.
a. river b. well c. brook

8. The tiny boy was bewitched by a __________.

a. fairy
b. giant
c. kapre

9. The enchantment was broken because the couple _____________ the boy.
a. hated
b. loved
c. killed

10. The old couple lived ___________ with their dear son.
a. happily b. sadly c. poorly.

Exercise 40

Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your answer sheet.

1. The two boys worked hard pushing the pole into the bottom of the ____________.
a. creek
b. sea
c. river

2. The boat was heavy and hard to ____________.

a. life
b. steer
c. float

3. Robert Fulton thought an ____________ could be used to move the boat.

a. axle
b. engine
c. anvil

4. At first Robert invented ____________ of the boat.

a. two oars on the sides
b. two poles on the side
c. two paddles on the sides

5. While in England, Robert heard about ____________.

a. ships
b. cranks
c. steam engines

6. Robert decided to build a steamboat in ___________.

a. Italy
b. France
c. The United States

7. The people called the new steamboat ___________.

a. a great success
b. The United States
c. Fulton’s Foolishness

8. The people laughed in mockery and shouted when the boat ___________.
a. moved b. rumbled c. would not move

9. People on the shore shouted in triumph when the boat ____________.

a. stopped b. sputtered c. began to turn

10. Robert Fulton’s dream of a steam engine ____________.

a. came true b. was not realized c. did not come true
Getting the General
Significance of a