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Intramuros

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Intramuros

Clockwise, from top left: Manila Cathedral, Baluarte de San Diego,


Plaza San Luis Complex, Palacio del Gobernador, Fort Santiago, San
Agustin Church

Logo of the Intramuros Administration

Nickname(s):

Walled City

Motto(s):

Insigne y siempre leal Ciudad de Manila


Distinguished and ever loyal City of Manila

Intramuros

Location within Metro Manila 14.591496, 120.973985


Coordinates: 14.59147°N 120.97356°E

Country Philippines

Region National Capital Region

City Manila

Congressional District 5th District of Manila

Settled June 12, 1571

Founded by Miguel López de Legazpi

Government

• Administrator of Guiller Asido


Intramuros

Area

• Total 0.67 km2 (0.26 sq mi)

Population

(2015)[1]

• Total 5,935

• Density 8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)

Time zone UTC+08:00 (Philippine Standard


Time)

Zip codes 1002

Area codes 2

Website intramuros.gov.ph

Intramuros (Spanish for "within the walls") is the 0.67 square kilometres (0.26 sq mi) historic walled
area within the modern city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is administered by
the Intramuros Administration (IA), which was created through the Presidential Decree No. 1616
signed on April 10, 1979.[2] IA is tasked to rebuild, redevelop, administer and preserve the remaining
pre-war buildings, structures and fortifications of Intramuros.
Intramuros is also called the Walled City, and at the time of the Spanish Empire was synonymous to
the City of Manila. Other towns and arrabales (suburbs) located beyond the walls are referred to as
"extramuros", the Spanish for "outside the walls".[3][4] It was the seat of government and political
power when the Philippines was a component realm of the Spanish Empire. It was also the center of
religion, education and economy. The standard way of life in Intramuros became the standard way of
life throughout the Philippines. The Manila Galleons which sailed the Pacific for 250 years, carried
goods to and from Intramuros (Manila) and Acapulco, Mexico.
Construction of the defensive walls was started by the Spanish imperial government in the late 16th
century to protect the city from foreign invasions. The Walled City was originally located along the
shores of the Manila Bay, south of the entrance to Pasig River. Guarding the old city is Fort
Santiago, its citadel located at the mouth of the river. Land reclamations during the early 20th
century subsequently obscured the walls and fort from the bay. The Battle of Manila in 1945
devastated Intramuros. It is the place where the occupying Japanese Imperial Army made their last
stand against Allied soldiers and Filipino guerillas. The battle destroyed its churches, universities,
houses, and government buildings, most of which dated back to the Spanish Colonial Period.
Intramuros, particularly the Fort Santiago, was designated as a National Historical Landmark in
1951. The fortifications of Intramuros, collectively called "Fortifications of Manila", were declared
as National Cultural Treasures, by the National Museum of the Philippines, owing to its architectural,
scientific and archaeological significance.[5] San Agustin Church, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
under the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, is located within Intramuros.

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