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DIVISION OF PASIG CITY

BUTING SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL


A. Santos St., Barangay Buting, Pasig City
NATURAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT
Academic Year 2018-2019

Pregnancy during Puberty: A Qualitative Study of the Struggles


During and after the Teenage Pregnancy

A Research Paper Presented to the Faculty of Natural Sciences Department and the Academic
Council of Buting Senior High School in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Practical
Research 1 (Qualitative Research)

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Alo, Marvie V.
Cesar, Johanna M.
Velasco, John Keith D.

11 STEM-C

March 2019
ABSTRACT

Teenage pregnancy has a great impact on women and her baby. The body of teens are

not well developed and not yet ready to bear a child in their womb so there is a high probability

that the baby and mother can suffer from a health problems like:(1) Premature birth of the baby,

(2) Anemia, (3) Pregnancy-induced hypertension of the Mother that can lead to preeclampsia

(preeclampsia is the sudden rise of blood), (4) Higher rate of infant mortality, (5) possible greater

risk of Cephalopelvic disproportion (the baby's head is wider than the pelvic opening of the

mother), so it is advised by the health specialist to have a regular checkup. In this study, we will

discuss the experiences of the teenage pregnant woman during and after their pregnancy period.

It aims to give information and knowledge about the common struggles that a teen mom and her

baby experienced, the regular routine of a teenage woman to maintain their health status

throughout the pregnancy period and common health problems that a teenage pregnant woman

and the baby could get with this problem.

The researcher used thematic analysis to make meaning out of narrative of seven

(7) people that undergo to the face-face interview about their experienced in teenage pregnancy.

An impromptu question following the interview schedule was used to elicit their experiences of

being teen age mother. Throughout their pregnancy they experience a lot of changes like

Physiological Changes, Physical Changes. Their practices in their everyday life can be a big factor

on their health. Also having a Antennal Care can be the best way they cope up with the struggles

they experiences.

Keywords: Teenage Pregnancy, Teenage Mother, Pregnant, Adolescent

i
Acknowledgements

First and foremost, we gave our praises to the God Almighty, for guiding us and giving a

bunch of blessings throughout our research paper that help us to finish our study.

We would like to explicit and give our deepest gratitude to our practical research 1

adviser, Mr. Ronnel B. Felonia of Buting Senior Highschool, for providing helpful guidance during

our research. We wish to thank various people for their contribution to this research paper,

thanks Ms. Jan Rhesa V. Capilitan our dearest class adviser in giving advices to us whenever we

are in deepest despair and whenever we are confused in the things we need to do. Also, our

subject teachers in also giving us advices for our research paper.

We also like to give the acknowledgement to our parents that give us a lot of support, and

deep understanding in doing our research.

We are extending our thanks to our participants that help us to finish our data collection,

thanks for your cooperation and understanding in doing our research. Thanks to all of you we

finish our research properly and in the right time.


Table of Contents
Acknowledgement ........................................................................................... I
Abstract .......................................................................................................... II
Table of Contents ........................................................................................... III
Chapter 1 ................................................................................................... 1-12
Introduction .................................................................................................... 1
Research Locale ........................................................................................................................... 3
Theoretical Perspective ................................................................................... 3
Statement of the Purpose ........................................................................................................... 9
Significance of the Study................................................................................ 10
Scope and Delimitations ............................................................................................................ 11
Definition of Terms .................................................................................................................... 12

Chapter 2 .................................................................................................. 13-20


Review of Related Literature ...................................................................... 13
Chapter 3 ................................................................................................. 21- 25
Research Design ............................................................................................ 21
Sampling Method ...................................................................................................................... 22
Data Collection Method ................................................................................. 23
Research Instrument ................................................................................................................. 24
Interview Schedule ........................................................................................ 24
Chapter 4 .................................................................................................. 26-35
Results and Discussion ................................................................................... 26
Chapter 5 ...................................................................................................... 36
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................ 36

References ..................................................................................................... IV
Appendices .................................................................................................... V
CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

With the poverty experienced by some people, it is highly possible that they were prone

to cases called teenage pregnancy or also known as adolescent pregnancy. A Teenage Pregnancy

is the pregnancy of a teen woman with age of 13 to 19 years old. Pregnancy is highly possible to

a woman that had already begun their puberty or adolescent stage and had already done sexual

intercourse with their partners. Teenage pregnancy is social problems that are continuously

spread and not yet resolved in the Philippines. In fact, the Philippines is one of the countries in

Southeast Asia with the highest adolescent pregnancy rate with an average rate of 47

%.(Crisostomo, Sheila, 2018 April 15)

For the teenagers, it is important to have the knowledge, information’s, and awareness

about the early teenage pregnancy because with that age, anytime that you engage with sexual

activity, you will have a high possibility to experience the unwanted pregnancy. Teenage

pregnancy has a great impact on women and her baby. The body of teens are not well developed

and not yet ready to bear a child in their womb so there is a high probability that the baby and

mother can suffer from a health problems like:(1) Premature birth of the baby, (2) Anemia, (3)

Pregnancy-induced hypertension of the Mother that can lead to preeclampsia (preeclampsia is


the sudden rise of blood), (4) Higher rate of infant mortality, (5) possible greater risk of

Cephalopelvic disproportion (the baby's head is wider than the pelvic opening of the mother), so

it is advised by the health specialist to have a regular checkup. According to the study of

Parungao, C. et al. (2014, February), Teenage pregnant woman is carrying an extra health risk

together with her baby so the nurses are playing a crucial role in assisting young pregnant woman

as a trusted health practitioner in a hospital and other related places. Regular check-up is

necessary to a pregnant woman, special a pregnant woman who is giving birth to their first child.

With the regular check-up, it can decrease the health risk of the mother, and her baby to suffer

health problems or much worst death. In the Philippines there are already a record of woman

specifically the teenage woman was died because of giving birth from their first child. According

to the reports of the Department of Health (Alimondo, L. 2018), Women who get pregnant with

age of 10 to 19 years old have a higher risk of dying. Doctor Virginia Narciso, a health official from

the department of health (DOH)- Cordillera child and adolescent health development cluster

head said that teenage pregnancy maternal mortality is two to five times more than the normal

adults and mentioned that the best way to prevent a pregnancy is the practice of sexual

abstinence. DOH study shows that 22 percent of maternal deaths are commonly happening

among mothers aged 15 to 24 years old while 20 percent of those who deliver at 15 to 17 years

old will be pregnant again in two years. There is also a record of neonatal death rate, wherein it

is three times higher (14 percent) than to woman age 25 to 29 years old (six percent)

In this study, we will discuss the experiences of the teenage pregnant woman during and

after their pregnancy period. It aims to give information and knowledge about the common

struggles that a teen mom and her baby experienced, the regular routine of a teenage woman to
maintain their health status throughout the pregnancy period and common health problems that

a teenage pregnant woman and the baby could get with this problem. With this study, we are

hoping that this information will be used to further understand and solve the case "teenage

pregnancy" that is continuing to spread in our country. We hope that with this information, policy

about the preventing of the occurrence of teenage pregnancy. We hope that with our study we

can bring awareness about teenage pregnancy so that the case of the said problem will be

lessened. We hope that with this study, teenage moms will have enough knowledge for them to

prevent any cases of health problems that are occurring with pregnancy period.

Research Locale

This study will be conducted at National Steel Corporation (Nascor) at Brgy. Ibayo Tipas,

Nascor is one of the places in Brgy Ibayo Tipas that have a large amount of teenage pregnancy in

the present. The place is in between or in the boundary of Pasig City and Taguig City, the place

composed of more than 100 families. The participants in our research are composed of 4 Teenage

mothers and one Specialist in the said field. Our participants are mainly composed of 17 to 19

years old, as the interview starts, we are willing to understand the circumstances of our

participant. We choose to conduct our study in NASCOR because it is easier for us to engage with

our participants as we have a connection with them and it can also handier with our participants

to answer the following questions we prepared for the interview.

THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE

Teenage pregnancy is a mysterious social problem that is continuously spread and not yet

resolves in the Philippines. The point of conducting this research is to inform, to give awareness
and to give a deeper understanding to the teens which are prone to what we called early or

adolescent pregnancy. In this research we used three theories that are related to our research,

these theories are The Developmental theory, the theory of reasoned action and the social

conflict theory.

Adolescent pregnancy is can be acquired by any teens who already begin puberty and

engage to sexual intercourse. We set Freud's theory called "Developmental Theory" as one of the

reasons why do people engage in sexual intercourse that brings up to unwanted pregnancy. This

theory clearly stated that we all have this so-called "psychosexual stages" which is composed of

five stages the oral, the anal, the phallic, the latent, and the genitals. These five stages develop

our instinctual libido (sexual energy) that we possess since birth. These stages are satisfied with

different actions like for example at the oral stage, this stage begins at the newborn baby, when

the baby is crying the mothers usually put pacifier or a bottle of milk for them to sip, with that

action, the baby stops crying because he or she uses his/ her mouth (oral) to take pleasure, to

ease hunger and most likely attention. The genital stage is commonly begun with the teens that

already start their puberty. This stage is involving the actions that will satisfy the genitals or the

reproductive organs of both male and female such as masturbation. The adolescent pregnancy

might happen because partners want to satisfy their genitals and to feel pleasure through sexual

intercourse without thinking about the outcome of that action. Sexual intercourse will just give

you a short term of pleasure wherein after that action partners should take full responsibility to

the consequences like having an unwanted pregnancy. In every action that we are up to, we have

an intellect to choose decisions like if we are going to do that action or not. Certain action have

done because of people’s behavior and intentions towards a problem or a situation as what said
by the theory developed by Martin Fishbein and revised and expanded by Fishbein and Icek Azjen

called "Theory of reasoned action" all action of human is based on intention and behavioral

attitude towards to one problem or one situation. An action is a result when intention and chance

are fulfilled.

Entering to unwanted pregnancy is a hard situation that the teen moms are facing off

especially teen moms were part of a poor family, wherein the health condition of the mother and

her baby is in crucial situations. A teen pregnant woman is needed to have a regular checkup for

them to monitor the condition of the baby but because poverty condition of the baby hasn’t

checkup and born them to a malnourish child or some cases baby died. According to the Social

conflict theory of Karl Marx, tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are

unevenly distributed. This theory is somehow poor vs. rich, wherein the people involved in a rich

family are the one who is prioritized rather than to the poor family who obviously needed a

prioritization.

The theories said were able to help us in completing our research in a way that those theories

help us make a questionnaire for our depth interviewing, formulating of suggested ways to

prevent this so-called “adolescent pregnancy” that is present in our country.

STATEMENT OF THE PURPOSE

The Philippines are one of the countries having high adolescent birth rates next to

Cambodia, Thailand, and Indonesia. As we only focus on the effects of teenage pregnancy in our

economy, we set aside the true danger behind this.


In this research, we will mainly focus on the different experiences that a teenage mother

may encounter throughout childbearing and the risk that may pose a danger to her and the child

she is bearing with her. But as we go on, we may also look for different aspects of this research

to discover new knowledge about this topic that can help to have a wider perspective on this

topic.

The research aims to look for the experiences during and after Teenage Pregnancy.

Specifically, it will answer the following:

1. The Common struggles that are being experienced during teenage pregnancies.

2. Daily Practices that they applied throughout the pregnancy.

3. The ways of handling their health status during pregnancy

4. Their ways to cope up with the difficulties they experience in childbirth

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study will give knowledge and deeper understanding about the life of teenage

pregnancies during and after birth. It can also add ideas to other fields or group of people if they

want to know something about this study. Moreover, it can serve as reference material in the

future.

TEENAGERS –This study aims to increase the awareness and knowledge on how harmful teenage

pregnancy may be, especially teenagers are the one who is involved in this case.
TEENAGE MOTHERS- This study aims to that they will be able to know their Adversity quotient

and how resilient they are to the different risks of teenage motherhood. They will also know how

they can surpass the risk they may encounter by understanding the right way to handle it.

PARENTS – This research aims to give awareness to the parents, that they will be able to know

what risks and challenges their daughter may be encountering thus, enabling them to give a

positive intervention to their daughter’s situation.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT – This study will serve as a reference for the local government so they

could be able to implement and facilitate projects concerning the rate of teenage pregnancy

issue. They could be able to understand the deeper problem behind teenage pregnancy.

FUTURE RESEARCHERS – This research will serve as reference material to the future researchers

to come up with other studies. It can also give additional information to them when they want

to conduct their research related to this study. The future researchers will also benefit to this

study because of the availability of information that we already conducted.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION

This study focuses primarily on the lived experiences of teenage pregnancies during and

after the pregnancy. We want to know their knowledge, perspective, idea about the risk of being

a teenage mother and how did they engage with this risk. Sharing their experiences or knowledge

about this topic can give as a pearl of proper wisdom for us to complete our research.

Our main respondents for this research are the teenage moms from NASCOR. We choose

4 teenage moms to part of our research. We will conduct this research in National Steel
Corporation (NASCOR) . We are going to gather data by means of an interview. We will conduct

our research there since NASCOR have a number of teenage pregnancy presence in their

community. We are going to conduct this study within two months starting January to February.

We will do this study in two months since it is only the time that is given to us to finish this

research.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Teenage Pregnancy –pregnancy by a female that ages between 13 to 19 that is not appropriate

for childbearing as they do not have enough skills to support herself financially and physically.

Child Bearing- it means the process of a woman having a baby.

Adolescence - the point of life where a person is developing to be an adult.

Risk -A threat or a negative occurrence that can pose a danger for the health of the mother and

the baby.

Childbirth – the move of delivering a baby.


CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Teenage pregnancy is social problems that are continuously spread and not yet resolved

in the Philippines. In fact, the Philippines is one of the countries in Southeast Asia with the highest

adolescent pregnancy rate with an average rate of 47 %. (Crisostomo, Sheila, 2018 April 15).

When people see a teenage pregnant woman, they are thinking that the baby is at the unstable

condition, that baby is in bad condition and mother is not thinking right because she let herself

to become pregnant at the early age. Until now teenage pregnancy is more likely to occur in

marginalized places wherein extreme poverty was experienced that leads to having a lack of

education and employment opportunities. Teenage pregnancy said to be as one of the symptoms

of the poverty experienced in a country where in the economy itself were affected due to lack of

productivity of teens. As what recorded teenage pregnant women in 2017, 26.2 percent finished

primary education while only four percent went into college (Dom Galeon, 2018, May 13).

Teenagers who at in this situation are often left school, hide their situation to society including

with their parents and much worse they abort their baby.

Every action done by every individual happens for a reason. Our actions depend on our

behavior and attitude toward that situation. We are considering, as with higher intellect than

other animals. Hence, we have the intellect to identify what is bad for good actions. (Theory of

reasoned action: Lezin, N. 2007). However, teens’ curiosities lead them to do such a thing that
might result in harmful consequences like an unwanted pregnancy. In the Philippines, lack of

sexual knowledge, lack of financial, family problems and uncontrolled emotions are common

factors that will lead to unwanted pregnancy (Pogoy, Angeline M. et.al 2014, January) The said

factors are worsened by another factor: the exposure of teenagers to pornography, sex from

magazines, TV shows and movies (Rebecca B Singson, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2008) that will

lead to build up a curiosity about sexual activity. In contrast, other researches from other

countries reasons begin with self-responsibility. According to the study of Ibrahim Yakubu and

Waliu Jawula Salisu (2018), shows that from Uganda, South Africa, and Ghana, teenage

pregnancy happens due to force sexual initiation like rape, sexual harassment, and prostitution.

Teenage pregnancy occurs also because of the gateway drugs that are the intake of an individual

such as alcohol, and illegal drugs like marijuana that will affect their mind to have unknown

actions. Due to poverty, some women are used to become a sex slave to earn money and use it

to meet their basic needs, wherein it becomes one of the reasons why teenage pregnancy usually

takes over with marginalized places (McCleary-Sills J et al. 2013, May 21), However there are also

cases where teenage pregnancy happens also in a developed country like the United States of

America, in fact, USA Teen pregnancy rate is higher than many other developed countries

wherein as of 2013, the USA has 43 births per 1000 women aged 15 to 19 years old, unlike in

Sweden that has a 29 births per 1,000 women and in France has a 25 births per 1,000 women.

These women are said to be pregnant because they are not aware of the use of contraceptive

like condoms and lacking guidance with their parents. (Lowen, Linda, 2018, November 11).

Teen pregnancy is a social problem that is present and not yet resolved in developing and

not developing countries. The incomprehension about the sexuality and reproduction in today
society can increase the early initiation of coital relations and of unwanted pregnancies. A

situation in life and the experiences of being surrounded by adolescent mother can be at risk of

repeating the early pregnancy pattern. In experiencing Teenage pregnancy, the consequences

are incomplete education, fewer possibilities to have a stable life, difficulties in handling mother

role, and lack of chances in improving her socioeconomic level (Molina, et.al, 2012). Teenage

pregnancy had been a worldwide problem that causes the large numbers of campaigns and

awareness to lessen its occurrence. The rate of teenage pregnancy is increasing each year. The

Philippines belongs to the countries in Asia that experiencing this kind of phenomenon. The study

of National Demographic and Health survey in 2013 shows that in every young Filipina that age

between 15 to 19 years old is already a mother or pregnant with its first baby. Teenage pregnancy

usually associated with the social stigma that's discussed with the development issues such as

the condition of the mother, the level of education mother acquire and the situation in life she

experiences. That result to single parenthood that can allow the mother to be irresponsible

(Jordan Salvador, et. al 2016). The main thing that you can observe to those who experienced

teenage pregnancy is poverty, stigma, loss, lack of parenting skills. The complicated part of being

a teenage mother is depending too much to their parents, because of lack of knowledge in terms

of parenting and financial source. Despite of the condition of the teenage pregnant women, their

parents chose to protect and teach them to gain positivity. Teenage woman can find the meaning

of their life through accepting and loving their child

The complicated part of being a teenage mother is being a child inside the house but also

have a child, a teenage mother cannot support herself she still relies on her parents. But can give

off positive experiences as she connects herself to her child, she can find the meaning of her life
through her child (Zyl, L., Merwe, M. & Chigeza, S. 2015). Teenage pregnancy is commonly

connected with the poverty including the low salary, squatter type of community and the low

school attainment. Family problems such as broken family or the ignorance of the parents to the

wellbeing of its child by giving less time to bond with them and the lack of parental guidelines.

There are influences that may acquire in hanging out to the wrong types of friend like drinking

alcoholic beverages. The consequences of teenage pregnancy are experiencing discrimination

like how they get into the situation in teenage pregnancy or having a rumor about what do they

do. Some teenage mother copes up with the situation by flying to abroad, to attain more goals

or to continue their study (Meneses, J. & Saratan, C. 2015). Teenage pregnancy is common to

those teenagers who have low educational attainment or have a poor quality of life but this study

shows the but there is also an increasing numbers of teenage pregnancy who are not poor or to

those teenagers that have a proper or better education and those who live in residential areas.

The factors that can affect this phenomenon are the young people at menarche, premarital sex

at young age, the increasing number of couples who live with each other even they are not

married and the decrease of the stigma about having parent that is not even married (Natividad

2013).

Teenagers who experience pregnancy between the ages of 10 to 19 years old have a

higher chance to have a complication during childbearing that may cause of death, a health

official said, Doctor Virginia Narciso, a health official said, that teenage pregnancy has a higher

rate of maternal death or maternal mortality that adults and allude to sexual restraint as the best

mediation for those teenagers who get pregnant. In the Philippines, DOH shows that 22 percent

of maternal death is common to teenage mother while 20 percent those teenagers who get
pregnant in the age 15 to 17 will be pregnant again after two years. (Alimondo, 2018). According

to the survey of the National Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS 2017) from the Department

of Health, Philippines is the only country in the Asia-Pacific region where the rate of teen

pregnancy in increasing in the last two decades. (Elicay 2018). Early pregnancy creates a greater

risk for both mothers and babies. The teenage mother tends to have shorter periods of the birth

spacing of all age groups. But thinking of the fact that their bodies are not yet ready for the

physical and mental demands of childbearing, having a closer pregnancy interval exposes the

teenage mothers to have a higher risk during the time of delivery (UNFPA 2017). A teenager does

not seek medical assistance during their childbearing can lead to moderate to severe

complications. The most typical medical complications that may occur during the pregnancy of

teenagers include toxemia, placenta prevue, high blood pressure, anemia, and premature birth.

Teenage pregnancy has a big impact on the baby’s growth and development over time. Experts

said that babies born by teenage mothers have a delay in intellectual and motor development,

and have more ongoing behavioral issues (Bodeeb 2018).

Entering teenage parenting is not easy because there will be a lot of changes will be

arrived such as the physical changes (signs of being pregnant), emotional changes (the societal

pressure and the unexpected and not accepted pregnancy) and social or attitude changes (being

matured, thinking and socialize as a parent and not being a teenager) that teenager must control

and pay attention to prevent harmful consequences especially in terms of physical changes.

There will be things must learn to be a successful teenage parent such as: (1) learning to be

pregnant through reassessment and reevaluation of bodily sensations; (2) adopting new routines

of care for the body; and (3) performing normalized cues and routines of pregnancy (Neiterman,
E. 2012, September). In the Philippines, some areas are experiencing extreme poverty so teenage

pregnant woman in that place has a hard time to get a regular checkup and buy some nutritious

food for them, even though Some teenage pregnant woman has a money to have regular

checkups they didn’t do it because of embarrassment they feel for their situation, that’s why

instead of going to a clinic they tend to have consultation in albularyo and any form of traditional

health care (Black, R. E., et.al Maternal and Child Undernutrition Study Group. 2008). Unlike in

Bangladesh, they take care of their infant through child feeding that will help the baby to be

healthy. In line with this caring, hospital services were improved and fasten to protect also the

teenage women from having a higher health risk through giving medical needs of a teenage

pregnant woman. Health specialist is not only the one who taking care the mother and her baby,

but it is also the responsibility of the mother to protect themselves in any form of hazard, hence,

teenage women in Bangladesh practice the regular checkup and eating nutritious food like fruits

and vegetables (Hackett, K.M. et.al 2015). Same with Nigeria, teenage pregnant woman practice

the regular checkups and eat nutritious food, but in contrast, Nigeria is lacking maternity services,

most especially in rural areas which are often deficient and inappropriate to the teenage

woman's situation consequently, the numbers of maternal deaths were increased. (Okafor B., &

Rizzuto, R. R. 2009).

The mistakes of the world are warning message for you, (line from the wealth of words

of Amit Kalantri). Having awareness to our surroundings will help us to prepare, plan and prevent

those things from happening. One of the goals of our research is to give awareness about the

teenage pregnancy to all people, especially to the teenagers to prevent it from happening. Usage

of contraceptives like condom during sexual intercourse can prevent the unwanted pregnancy
but the best way to prevent a pregnancy is the abstinence from sex (Alimondo, L 2018). Teenage

pregnant women give births in the US have declined, but still, more than 273,000 infants were

born. To decrease the number of births in US the article state that the doctors, nurses and other

health care providers can: (1) encourage the teens to not have sex, (2) recognize Long-acting

reversible contraceptives (LARC) as safe and effective choice to have a control birth, (3) offer

broad range of understanding about birth control such as the pros and cons, (4) proper usage of

contraceptives ( Insertion and removal) and last, remind teens that not only pregnancy can occur

after sex but also to have a Sexually transmitted infection (STI) ( National Center for Chronic

Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health 2015, April 07).

The said Pieces of literature in every paragraph help us to know deeper about the social

problem “teenage pregnancy". Those articles had explained all necessary information that is

needed by our group to accomplish our research, the Cause, effects involving the Health risk, and

even preventive ways to lessen this problem (teenage pregnancy). As we go on for further

research it will aim to explain (1) The Common struggles that are being experienced during

teenage pregnancies. (2) Daily Practices that they applied throughout the pregnancy. (3) The

ways of handling their health status during pregnancy (4) their ways to cope up with the

difficulties they experience in childbirth. And we tend to prove the common misunderstanding

between about having a poor life is the cause of adolescent pregnancy or teenage pregnancy is

not because of the quality of life but the lack of knowledge about sex education and the exposure

of teenagers nowadays with different sexual materials. With the help of said literature, we can

obtain a study that will give knowledge and deeper understanding about the life of teenage

pregnancies during and after giving birth. We tend to add more knowledge about the
phenomenon of teenage pregnancy by having a clearer understanding about what happens to a

teenage mother during and after birth and their daily practices that can affect the whole process

of pregnancy that may influence to the health risk they may encounter.
CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH DESIGN

This study will use Narrative as our research design. Narrative research involves a

sequence of events, mental states, occurrences having human beings as characters or actors,

(Bruner 2002). According to Clandinin and Connely (2000, p. 20) narrative research is "a way of

understanding experience" involving "a collaboration between researcher and participants, over

time, in a place or series of places, and in social interaction with milieus". The most common

narrative research can be described as a methodology which consists of gathering stories about

a certain theme where the researcher will find out information about a specific phenomenon.

For the collection of data for this kind of design, there are several techniques can be used: the

interviews, reading and analyzing journals and autobiographies, oral recording, written

narratives, and field notes. In gathering events and happenings as data, the researcher uses

narrative analytic procedures to produce explanatory stories". Summing up, "narrative inquiry

embraces narrative as both the method and phenomena of study" (PINNEGAR and DAYNES,

2007, p.5).

This study will use narrative as our research design, wherein we will go to narrate the

story of our respondents about their experiences during and after Teenage Pregnancy including

their struggles that are experiencing during pregnancy period, their routine applied throughout

the pregnancy period, their ways of handling their health status and their ways to deal with the
difficulties they experience in childbirth. we can have those stories through interviewing our

respondents. Knowing the story of our respondents, it will enable us to create an analyzation

about the experiences of teenage pregnant women throughout the pregnancy period and can

have a conclusion about this problem.

SAMPLING METHOD

This study will use the purposive sampling, snowball sampling and accidental sampling as

our method for having our respondents. Purposive sampling is one of the nonprobability

sampling methods wherein the researcher seeks their respondents in a community with a

purpose of completing their research because they think that these respondents are suited the

profile of people that they need to have. (Ben Foley, 2018). Having this kind of sampling can lead

to what we called bias, but according to Tongco (2018) this bias contributes to its efficiency and

makes this sampling method remains robust. She states that choosing purposive sampling is

essential to the quality of data gathered, hence, reliability and the competence of the respondent

must be ensured. According to John Dudovskiy (2018) Snowball sampling method or also known

as chain-referral sampling is a non-probability sampling method wherein we use it when the

characteristics of our samples are not common and difficult to find; thus, we get our subjects

through referrals from our initial subjects to generate additional subjects. Last is the accidental

sampling method. Accidental sampling is also called as convenience sampling is a sampling

method wherein the researchers can be identified and approached their respondent as little as

possible. (Ben Foley, 2018). We will use purposive sampling in getting our respondents that would

be helpful to accomplish our objective.


We will use purposive sampling as we purposively go to our research locale and find our

respondents. Our group will go to NASCOR with the purpose of asking the teenage pregnant

woman about our research topic “teenage pregnancy”. We got the other respondents in an

accidental sampling because we already know someone that would help to reach our objectives.

These participants involve a friend of our group and a family of our group. We got the rest of our

respondents in a snowball sampling because our respondents got from an accidental sampling

have an acquaintance that has the knowledge and can help in our research.

DATA COLLECTION METHOD

This study will use Semi-structured interviewing as its data collection method, according

to Bernard (1988), Semi-structured interviewing is best when you think you only have one chance

to interview your participants. Semi-structured interviews guide gives dependable,

proportionate data. Semi-structured interviews used before the observation to allow researchers

to have more understanding of the topic for them to have relevant and useful questions. A Semi-

structured interview frequently conducted with the list of questions yet the arrangement of

question can be varied. The interviewers have the freedom to add and explore additional

questions to have a more significant answer (Bryman, 2004).

A semi-structured interview was the main data collection we used for our research. We

use this in order to collect sufficient and reliable data to add more information about our study.

As we used this type of data collection, we prepared our interview schedule in advance to give
assistance to us for the flow of the interview. The questions we did were mainly open-ended

because it allows our participants to express more thoughts or feeling and also it can offer further

details about the research topic.

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

In our study we will going to use the interview schedule as our instrument in data

collection. Wherein a set of question are created for our guide in our interview. According to

Umar Farooq(2013) the interview schedule is a list of question with structured answer to help

and guide an interviewer, researcher or investigator. These questions are will be answer by the

interviewee or respondents of the interviewer in face to face conversation or interaction. (Goode

and Hatt).

INTERVIEW SCHEDULE

Teenage Pregnant Women

1. What are the happenings or events that you experience while you are pregnant?

2. Are there any things you observe that you may think is different from usual? If there is any,

how did you overcome this?

3. What are the common cravings that you experience during your pregnancy?

4. In the foods you eat, do you think that it can affect your pregnancy? In what way?

5. Other than food you eat, what are the things that may affect your pregnancy?

6. Do you regularly go to the doctor to check your condition? If yes, how often you go and what

are the reminders that the doctor advices for you to have a better condition? If no, why not?
And are there any complications that you experience because of having no consultation from

the doctor?

7. When you learned that you are pregnant, what is the first action you did?

8. What is your possible plan/s for the sake of your child?

9. During your post-natal, did you continue to have a check-up with the doctor?

10. Did your child undergo newborn screening? If yes, what are the results.

11. During your delivery, is there any complications that can cause you risk?

12. During your post-natal, what are the advices of the doctor to you?

13. As a teen mom, how did you manage taking care of your child?
CHAPTER 4

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The Common Struggles in Teenage Pregnancy

Struggles in this research paper talks about the events and things that can give a hard

time for teenage mother. After gathering data, the following themes arrive from their narratives:

Physiological Change, Health Problems and Physical Change.

One of the phenomenal biological process is pregnancy that includes continuous changes

in physiological systems just to help the development of healthy baby. These changes involve

weight gain, hormonal changes, immune system modulation, and others, which must all be

coordinate to each other to maintain the good condition of the mother and it’s offspring (Dunlop

et al., 2015). Multitude od physiological changes are incorporate in a plenty of healthy

developmental process such as pregnancy, fetal development and infant development (Koren et

al., 2016).

During pregnancy physiological changes naturally occur to help in nurturing the

development of the fetus sand prepare the mother for labor and child birth (Mebazaa et al.,

2016).

“I feel dizzy every time, and I am so specific with the smell I hate when I smell

something, I don’t like then I hate moving around I prefer to sleep that do something.

Also, I want to sleep all the time. “-Participant 1


“I am always irritated with my surroundings as if they were annoying even,

they did nothing wrong. I also feel so uncomfortable; it was hot

and itchy” – Participant 3

Physiological changes can be difficult to handle as our participant state.

The theme about the Health Problem’s talks about the diseases that give a really hard

time to a teenage mother during and after their pregnancy When the natural metabolism of the

body failed or modified because of pollutant, pathogen, or other object that can be a origin of a Commented [eja1]:

health problem which are treated as disease, health issue can occur (HSJ, 2019).

Some problems begin during the pregnancy, but some women have health problems

before they become pregnant that could arrive to complications. Either a complication is

common or rare, there are process to handle problems that come up during pregnancy (OWH

2019). Health problem like complications can occur during pregnancy. They can affect the health

of the mother. The baby’s health or both that’s why receiving a health care before and during the

pregnancy is very important to those mothers because that can lessen the risk of complication

that may occur during pregnancy (Eckert 2018).

“My blood pressure increases then I experience swollen body especially in my

lower part of the body” – Participant 1

“I experience high blood when I was pregnant, then my feet are totally

swollen” – Participant 4
“I experienced having UTI when I was pregnant and that is my first time”

– Participant 6

Woman’s physical body undergoes a lot of transformation in the process of pregnancy.

Some of physical changes are visible in every pregnant woman such as expanding belly and

weight gain, while some are commonly known, like enlarged uterus, morning sickness and

backaches. And some other changes can occur unexpectedly and can catch women by surprise

(Nierenberg 2015).

Physical Changes in this research talk about the possible changes in woman especially

teenage body when they undergo in a process called pregnancy. Hormonal fluctuations can be a

cause of physical changes that happening in a pregnant woman also the development of the baby

(Lumen 2019).

“I mean my tummy is getting bigger as time goes by then my craving stop

as my tummy gets bigger” – Participant 2

“My face features change, then I always vomit and you can observe that

my body is getting bigger, I’m getting fat” – Participant 4

“I feel that my face is swollen up, then I getting fat” – Participant 7

There can be a lot of changes in women’s body during pregnancy but most of them

disappear after the child birth. These changes can cause some symptoms which are normal

during pregnancy (Brown 2016).

Daily Practices they Applied throughout the Pregnancy


Daily practices are a big factor that can affect the process in pregnancy. In this paper daily

practices are what the teenage mother usually does in their everyday life during and after

pregnancy. After we finalized the data that we gather the following themes came up: Medication

Adherence and Healthy Lifestyle.

Medication adherence defined as the ratio of the number of drug doses intake to the

number of doses recommended over a given time period as the medication possession ratio

(MPR 2015).Medication Adherence in this research talks about the medicines, vitamins and

supplements taken by the teenage mother throughout their pregnancy journey to accommodate

the needs of her body and baby.

Medication Adherence is the degree to which the person’s behavior towards the agreed

recommendations from the doctor (WHO 2015). Medication Adherence usually refers to the

number of drug intake of a patient as prescribed by their doctor, as well the decision if they want

to continue the prescribed medication (Bryson et al., 2009).

“My assigned doctor recommends me some vitamins that can help me

in my needs” – Participant 7

“The doctor gave me some medication for my pregnancy” – Participant 5

As our participants say especially participant 7, doctors require a pregnant woman To

have medications for them to have a better condition throughout the pregnancy.

Healthy Lifestyle in this research talks about the healthy routine a teenage pregnant

woman does during and after her pregnancy that is a big factor in her health status. The way of
living that lowers the chances or the risk and developing some illness is called Healthy Lifestyle.

When it was adopted, a person can be a positive model that can be a role model to other people

in the family, particularly children (WHO 2017).

Embracing healthy lifestyle can help a pregnant woman to be fit, energetic and healthy,

based on the choices that a pregnant woman to be daily practices. Good Nutrition, exercise, and

enough sleep are the foundations for the continuous good health (Clarke 2017). Healthy diet is

one of the important parts of the healthy lifestyle and more important during pregnancy. Healthy

eating can give you enough nutrients for you feeling good and for the health of the baby while it

was still in the womb (PBO 2018).

Some of our participant states the important of having a good lifestyle in the time of their

pregnancy.

“It the same in my normal days but I was more careful with the food I eat

I maintain in eating nutritious food the check-up” – Participant 1

“I woke up early to start my household chores it simple was my exercise

every morning” -Participant 3

“Every day I eat healthy foods, because I need to be healthy for the sake

of the baby” -Participant 5

The Ways of Handling their Health Status During Pregnancy

A teenage pregnant woman is said to be prone to different health problem. In this

part we will discuss how teens handle their health status throughout their pregnancy period.
From the data we gathered, we made six themes: The Antenatal care, healthy eating and

nutrition, immunization, and last Family planning.

The monitoring of the health of the pregnant woman is necessary to do for the sake of

the baby and the mother as well. We have arrive the theme "antenatal care wherein this theme

talks about the regular check-up of pregnant woman in her pregnancy period to know their

current health condition and get some medical advises from the doctor. According to E. Abalos

et al. Antenatal care is the care provided by health practitioners to all pregnant women to ensure

that these women and their babies will have a better condition throughout the pregnancy period.

The basic components of the antenatal care include the risk identification, prevention and

management of pregnancy specifically diseases or health problem that may occur and as well as

the health promotion. Through antenatal care the pregnant woman can know if there is a health

complication that is involve in her pregnancy. This health complication can be solved with regards

of agreeing with the recommendations of the health care provider called as medication

adherence (Charlotte A. et al., 2005).

” I went to the hospital and the doctor advised me to take medicine (Neozep), drink a

lot of water and take rest to cure my corticipant 3

“Every month I go to the doctor to check my condition, with that checkup the doctor

ask me to take vitamins due to having Urinary tract infection or UTI” - Participant 7

The condition of the baby inside the womb of a mother is fully dependent with mother

thus; the health status of the mother is affecting the condition of the baby.
The next theme is about healthy eating and nutrition. The foods taken by the pregnant

woman is affecting the condition of the baby so in order to give the baby a good condition, the

mother should be aware about her nutrition. Nutrition is the sum of the total substances’ intake

inside of our body and the utilization of food substances wherein the growth, repair and

maintenance of the body are completed. It involves ingestion, digestion, absorption and

assimilation. Nutrients are stored by the body in various forms and drawn upon when the food

intake is not enough. (Adam Brookover, April 16). Human can have enough nutrients through

healthy eating. Healthy eating is a pattern of eating that supports our physical, mental and even

the emotional health. It includes making the diverse and balances our food that meets our

needed nutrients and energy. (Breastcancer.org 2019). Healthy eating involves the practice of

proper diet and consumption of vitamins.

“I had lessened the eating of rice and drinking of cold water to reduce my weight.

The doctor gives me vitamins like calcium for my blood.” ~ Participant 1

“The doctor advised me to eat healthy foods especially the vegetables, take rest and

lastly take vitamins for the baby” - Participant 4

The life of the baby is the priority of every teen mom. They protect their child during their

pregnancy and even after giving birth. During their period the only way to protect their child is

to keep their self-safe from their surroundings. Personal safety is the next theme, which talks

about the actions of a teen mom on how they protect their child inside their womb. Pierre

Maurice et al. defined Safety as a state wherein hazards leading to physical, psychological or

material harm are under control in order to preserve the health and well-being of individuals.
Meaning, personal safety is the freedom from physical harm and freedom from hostility,

aggression, and harassment by members of the community or even its surroundings. (Thompson

Rivers University).

“I keep out my womb with the dangerous thing to avoid it from hitting.” - Participant 3

“I keep out my baby to things that he might get sick” - Participant 4

“I prefer Breastfeeding to my baby to have stronger body” - Participant 5

The next theme is the practice of immunization. In this theme, it will talk about the

immunizing of the baby. According to the world health organization (WHO) when we say

immunization, this is the process where the person made immune or resistant to the infectious

disease. This is the tool for controlling, preventing and the eliminating the infectious disease

through injecting vaccine. This immunization was takes place after giving birth.

“For the health condition of my son we do a regular immunization in the clinic”

- Participant 1

“To protect my child, we immunize her and do check- up with the doctor”

- Participant 2

At last, the family planning. This is talks not only about the birth control but the also the

health of teenage pregnant woman. Family planning enables a woman to know and identify the

time, spacing and the frequency of pregnancy with a range of methods for preventing while

maintaining the normal sex life (Theodore H. et al 2014). In addition, information, some women
are not good at delivery of their baby as a consequence they tend to give birth in cesarean or

other health complications involve in delivery.

“The doctor said to me “please do family planning so you can avoid the large number

of children because you have a hard time to give birth” - Participant 3

Their ways to cope up with the difficulties they experience in childbirth

We had discussed their struggles, for this time we will discuss how they cope up with

those struggles they experience within their pregnancy period. From the data we gathered we

arrived at one theme the self – efficacy.

Self-efficacy refers to the individual own belief, their belief about their capacity to execute

behavior needed to produce specific performance attainment. Self-efficacy is the ability of

human to exert control over a situation, their behavior and even their social environmentt

(Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997).

The self-efficacy of the teenage pregnant woman can lead them to cope up their

difficulties through the pregnancy period in a way that teen mom to act as mom, daughter, wife

and even as a student. The self- efficacy can be seen in many ways like for example the time

management of teens, teen moms are expected to be at school not taking care of her own child

but then due to the self-efficacy they tend to do that both because they have an ability to control

their behavior and execute it properly to achieve or to meet their goals. If the mom wants or

need to make their delivery normal, they can make it through self-efficacy as well, in a way that

mom will wake up in the morning and walk. In short, this so-called self-efficacy is tantamount to

the word self-productivity.


” I walk every morning, to lower my uterus so I can easily give birth” - Participant 6

“I'm feeling lazy, but I solve this situation in a way that, I will wake up early

in the morning and do all the house old chores after that I have enough time

to sleep.” - Participant 3

“At first it really gives me a hard time to take care of my child because I have to

wake up every night but as time pass by I am used to be in that way”. -Participant 6
CHAPTER 5

CONCLUSION

After analyzing the data, researchers came up with the conclusions and the answers to the main

questions of their study.

 The common struggles that the teenage pregnant woman within their pregnancy period

are the physiological changes that is only natural to happen, health problems that may

come up during the pregnancy and the physical changes that only happen as the mother

providing the need of the baby.

 Medication Adherence and Healthy Lifestyle are the daily practices that teenage pregnant

woman need to practice throughout the pregnancy period.

 The teenage pregnant women handle their health status through having antenatal care

and medical adherence, the practice of healthy eating and nutrition, the immunization of

the newborn baby and lastly the family planning.

 The teenage pregnant women cope up their difficulties having self- efficacy.

RECOMMENDATION

After the researchers know the data collected, they create recommendations

about the research for the improvement of the knowledge, reliability and the credibility of the

information their research and it’s include the following:


 Researchers recommends that the future researcher must conduct their research with

the proper time frame for them to have deeper analyzation of the gathered data.

 Researchers recommend to have a wider research locale in order for other researchers to

have a larger number of respondents involve in this research.

 Since this research is a qualitative research, researchers recommend to be prepared and

to have a better communication skill and good at socializing to have the wider knowledge

from the participants.

 Researchers recommend to have a meaningful and helpful research a researcher must

have the skills in making research. We recommend for the future researcher is that a

researcher must be a good listener to gathered even the smallest detail of the data, a

researcher must have a verbal skill to communicate to take all the information inside the

respondent and technological skills to make the research from new technology on our

society now.

 Researcher recommend to have a doctor participant to acquire more validity to the data

they can gather throughout their research.


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DIVISION OF PASIG CITY
BUTING SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
NATURAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

Pregnancy during Puberty: A Qualitative Study of the Struggles During and after the Teenage
Pregnancy
You are being asked to take part in a research study. Before you decide to participate in this study,
it is important that you understand why the research is being done and what it will involve. Please read
the following information carefully. The purpose of this study to give a deeper understanding about the
life of a teenage mother during and after birth, also we can help the different field of knowledge bt adding
new understanding about the phenomenon of teenage pregnancy.
During this interview we would like to inform you that we are taking a voice record to clearly state
the interview and this interview may take the 30 – 40 minutes of your day. Being a participant of a research
is not easy, it requires your full attention, cooperation and the knowledge you have. Becoming a
participant means you will also encounter risk .The information given will not be only seen by the
researchers itself, the adviser of the researcher will have an access to the given data.
Being part of our research can help us to educate others who experience this phenomenon, also
we can help you to have more knowledge or deeper understanding about the teenage pregnancy. Your
statement can also be recognized in this research and can used to share information.
____________________________________________________________________________________
CONSENT
I have read and I understand the provided information and have had the opportunity to ask
questions. I understand that my participation is voluntary and that I am free to withdraw at any
time, without giving a reason and without cost. I understand that I will be given a copy of this
consent form. I voluntarily agree to take part in this study.
Participant's signature ______________________________ Date __________
RESEARCHER
___________________ _______________________ ______________________
Marvie V. Alo John Keith Velasco Johanna M. Cesar
09156897954 09089325015 09777535231
____________________________

Ronnel B. Felonia
Appendix III: Raw Transcription Of Interview
Raw transcription of interview
Participant 1
Interviewer Number one question, what are the happenings or events that you experienced while
you are pregnant? Ano yung mga pangyayari or mga sitwasyon mo nung habang
nagbubuntis ka.
Respondent Ahhh..ano mapili ako sapagkain tapos lagi akong antukin … yon
Interviewer Number two are there anythings you observed that you may think is different from
usual?
Respondent … oo meron ano sya yun nahihilo ako tapos , sa mga amoy maselan ako sa amoy yun
lang.
Interviewer Sa ano sa… physical appearance or sa mga pangagatawan
Respondent Sa pisikal
Interviewer Ano yung pagbabago?
Respondent … ano ahmmm yon yung tyan ko parang iba na yung shape nya, tapos, nagiging haggard,
ganon
Interviewer Sa pag... Kilos naman? Mga nagbago…
Respondent Sa kilos… lagging antukin tapos irritable yungg… tipong… mainisin ganon
Interviewer : sa ano pakiramdam ba? Ano yung parang nagbago nung normal ka tas nagbuntis ka
2: respondent : sa pakiramdam?
1: uum, madalas Uum, madalas bang sumasakit ulo mo? Nagsusuka-
bang sumasakit
ulo mo?
Nagsusuka-
Respondent Wala namn, suka wala nmn, sa pagdu, yon medyo duwalduwal pero hindi as ing,
sinusuka
Ko pagkakain..
interviewer number three, what are the common cravings that you experienced during your
pregnancy?
2: respondent Aano sya ahh… sa… abokado, tapos sa maasim
Interviewer Sa mga pagkain na yon, in the foods you eat, do you think that it can affect your
pregnancy? In what way? Ano yung tawag ditto, ano yung… mga naging epekto ng mga
pagkain mo sa pagbubuntis mo? Napahi- nahirapan ka ba? May nangyaring bang
masama? Ganon.

Respondent Ahhhm.. Yung sa lagi kong pagkain ng kanin… (voice of baby)) ano bumigat yung timbang
ko, hanggang sa nagkamanas ako, yun yung epekto.
Interviewer Other than food the you eat, what are the things that may affect your pregnancy? Bukod
pa sa mga pinag- pagkain na kinakain mo, ano pa yung mga naging parang, naging sanhi
na ano…para ano magkaroon ng epekto sa pagbubuntis mo?
Respondent Yung anoo.. .. Bukod sa pagkain?
Interviewer Sa kapaligiran, sa mga tao, ganon
Respondent Yung… yun nga, yung pag sa paligid ko na nakakaamoy ako ng mabaho parang na-aano
nababahuan ako di katulad ng dati ganon
Interviewer Number six do you regularly go to the doctor to check your condition?
Respondent Yes
Interviewer How often you go?
Respondent Ano sya…every… every week!?
Interviewer Tapos what are the reminders that the doctor advice for you to have a better condition?
Respondent Inom- uminom ng vitamins, lalo na sa calcium tapos sa ano sa dugo
Interviewer Hmm number seven, when you learned that you are pregnant, what is the first action
you did?
Respondent Nag pt, tapos, nagpacheck up agad
Interviewer Nagpacheckup… number eight what is your possible plan for the sake of your child, kase
diba teenage nga inaasahan na nag-aaral pa, ano yung parang nakalaan na plano nyo
para sa bata?
Respondent Sa bata …sa kalusugan yon na ano regular na regular n bakuna. Sa future naman niya sap
ag-aaral, paaaralin tapos bigyan ng magandang future ganon
Interviewer : number nine, during your post-natal, did you continue to have a check-up with the
doctor
Respondent Yes
Interviewer Tapos ano yung mga naging results non nung nagpapacheckup ka?
Respondent Ano ahh, yung mga una palang unang months first months to six months, kailangan ng
gamut sa calcium, pati sa dugo pero ng six months na siya up to nine medyo nagbawas
sa kanin tapos sa malalamig na tubig para bumaba yung timbang ko.
Interviewer Tapos, after nung manganak ka yung bat aba ag undergo ng new born screening?
Respondent Oo
Interviewer Ano yung: naging mga results non?
Respondent Negative naman, sa earings niya sa pandinig negative don sa possible na magkaroon ng
sakit sa utak ba yon yung ganon negative naman.
Interviewer Diba sinasabi natin na teenage , pag pag teenage di pa kaya ng katawan ng babae na
manganak ngayon, during sa delivery ng baby mo sa hospital is there any complication
that can cause you risk? Ano yung parang naging complication para mahirapan kang
manganak
Respondent Yung ano… ahh. Biglaan kasi yung pagkaanak ko so.. Nagka cause siya ng- hinigh blood
ako kaya binigyan nila ako agad ng pampababa ng dugo, tapos nakita rin don na may
asthma ako kaya pinaanak agad.
Interviewer Tawag dito, diba yung after mo ng manganak
Respondent Uum
Interviewer : tapos ahh nagkaroon ka ng complications ano yung naging advise sayo ng doctor para
mas maging maayos ang kondisyon ng katawan mo ng health mo.
Respondent Advise. Nagbigay sila ng mga gamut ko sa dugo kasi nga hihigh blood ako during ng
delivery ko, so binigyan nila ako ng maintainance tapos iwas sa maaalat
Interviewer Ano yun normal na high blood pressure lang? Kasi may tinatawag tayo na pre-eclampsia
ba yon na biglaang pagtaas ng dugo
Respondent Oo. Ano siya hindi yung, nanganak kasi ako, hindi siya normal kaya pinaanak agad kaya
binawasan ayy.. Pinababaan yung, iniwasan nila yung mageclampsia ako kasi sobrang
taas
Interviewer So ibig sabihin sa hospital pa lang ginamot na para
Respondent Oo
Interviewer Para hindi na magdulot pa ng eclampsia
Respondent Oo
Interviewer Ngayon sa, diba binanggit mo kanina yung mga cravings, mga kinakain, ano yung sa
tingin mon a bawal kainin ng para sa mga ibang teenage pregnant pa na mga babae?
Respondent Ano uhmm lalo na yung kanin kasi nakapagtataas ng manas nila yon tas malalamig na
tubig
Number one malamig na tubig
Interviewer Tapos as a teen mom, how did you manage taking care of your child?
Respondent How?
uum
Respondent Ano nagpapatulong pa rin sa matatanda para lalong magabayan pero yung mga alam ko
na tamang pagdede sa oras, pakain ng kanin ganon.
Interviewer Tapos, tawag ditto , nung … diba nung pagbubun- nagbubuntis ka pa lang yung tawag
ditto,may tawag don eh.. Yung sa pagbubuntis nalang, ung sa pregnancy period moa no
yung kadalasang routine mo sa araw araw? Yung ginagwa mo tuwing umaga tuwing
tanghali, tuwing gabi
Respondent: Nang pregnant pa ako?
Interviewer Yung nagbubuntis ka palang
Respondent Ahhh wala namng gaanong pinagkaiba ahh ano lang… pinagkaiba lng yun nga lagi na
akong… maintain sa pagkain tapos sa checkup
Interviewer Yung sa after namn, after niyong manganak, ano pa yung nagin routine nyo sa araw araw
sa umaga tanghali gabi may pagbabago ba?
Respondent May pagbabago na nung first month ng nanganak ako syempre andon yung iwas muna sa
kilos kilos dahil baka mabinat tapos may,, sa bata naman yung routine na pagpapaligo,
pagpapadede,pagtulog ganon, pag-alaga
Interviewer Sa … pagkapanganak mo sa bata ung mga after days or weeks or months nagkaroon ba
ng mga health problems or complications?
Respondent First six months, wala namn, naging okay naman siya, yung ano na yung medyo
nagkakain kain na siya ng kanin ganon, don na nagsimula yung, mga ubo, kasi nga iba iba
na yung kinakain nya
Interviewer Diba sinabi mo kanina nakakaranas ka ng pagtataas ng dugo
Respondent Uhm
Interviewer Tas binigyan ka ng doctor ng mga vitamins, gamut at iba pang gamut, para bumaba ang
dugo mo
Respondent Oo
Interviewer Ngayon ano pa yung mga naging paraan mo para mahand situation na ganon? Na para di
Respondent pa
Iwasmas
sa lumala bukod samaging
ano sa pedeng mga gamut
cause:nakain,
binigay sayo ng doctor.
sa pag-iisip, stress ganon tapos iwas din saaaa
sa mga bisyo para di tumaas, sigarilyo ganon
Interviewer As a teen mom whbat would be your advises to other teens na pregnant din
Respondent Ano ingatan nila yung health nila, sa mga pagkain, para hindi sila manasin, kasi sobrang
delikado yon pag ka minanas ka (umubo) wala pa sa nine months pwede sila pwede
nilang ikamatay yon, tapos regular check up, mahalaga yon lalo na kapag ultra sound
para malaman nila kung okay yung baby tas pag-inom ng gamut, pagkain pili dapat sa
pagkain tsaka pagtapos manganak syempre, kailangan magfamiliy planning para hindi
agad sila masundan
Interviewer Yun lang po, babalik nalang ako for any clarifications
Respondent Okay, sigi po salamat

Participant 2
Interviewer: Ilang taon kayo pipay nung nagbuntis kayo kay michelle?
Respondent: 18 na ako neh, nakalimutan ko na
Interviewer: 18!?
Respondent oo
Interviewer: Ahmmm ano yung mga pangyayare na or kaya mga events na nangyayare
sayo habang ikaw ay buntis?
Respondent -pause for 5 seconds- yung ako nagbubuntis kay michelle?
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent -pause for 4 seconds, ako yong ,, ano bang ibig sabihin nito, matampuhin?
Interviewer: Matampuhin?
Respondent Yung biglaan nalang ako magtatampo
Interviewer: Yung buntis ka ba kay michelle ano may mga naobserbahan k aba na iba na parang
normal lang sa sarili mo biglang nag-iba?
Respondent : yung binuntis ko, yung ano, sa sarili ko??
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent Yung parang naglilihi na ako?! Uum
Interviewer: Naglilihi ka na?
Respondent Yung paglilihi
Interviewer: Ano yung ano, ano yung ginawa mo para malagpasan mo yon??
Respondent Thinking) ano ba!? Yung binuntis ko na siya o
Interviewer: Yung buntis ka na
Respondent Yung buntis na ako?
Interviewer: Yup
Respondent Yung parang nanghihina ako, syempre naglilihi, nag, di naman ata nawawala yun ehh,
nawawala lang yun siya pag mga ano na yung mawawala na rin ang, kumbaga lumalaki
na rin yung tiyan naming
Interviewer: Ahhh
Respondent Tapos na ang paglilihi naming
Interviewer: Ahh sige sige ano yung common cravings ano yung hinahanap mong pagkain nung buntis
ka pa kay michelle?
Respondent Hindi naman ako mapili kay michelle neh, yung ayaw ko lang yung ayaw ko yung
maamoy yung ano, amoy ng sinaing, amoy ng bawang
Interviewer: (tumawa) ahmm sa mga …. Sa ano, so ano yung sa tingin mo yung mas yung iba pang
nakakaepekto sa panganganak mo, sa pagbubuntis mo?
Respondent: (thinking) yung ano sakin dati, wala naman
Interviewer: Wala naman? Sigee goo, lagi ka bang nagpapacheckup?
Respondent Uumm kay michelle
Interviewer: Ahmmm ga-. Gaano kadalas? Tapos ano yung mga advsises na sinasabi sayo ng doctor
para magkaroon ka ng mas magandang pangangatawan
Respondent Pinapainom ng ano vitamins, kulang ako sa dugo kasi non, pinapainom ako non ng
ferrous pampadagdag
interviewer: Ano yung, ahmm yunbg nalaman mong buntis ka ano yung una mong ginawa?
Respondent … ginawa ko?
Interviewer: Oom
Respondent Ano ba una kong ginawa neh?
Interviewer: Hehehe (ngimisi)
Respondent Umalis ka nga dyan uyy,,
Interviewer: (tumawa)
Respondent Ano… wala lang perceptive lang
Interviewer: Yung anoo, yung sa pagbubuntis mo ano yung mga bagay na ginagawa mo para mas
maging healthy yung baby na nasa tiyan mo?
Respondent Inaalagaan ko
Interviewer: Sa papa- papaanong pamamaraan?
Respondent syempre nag nagkakain ako ng mga ano… nag-iingat sa pagkilos, nagkakain ng mga
vitamin c para sa baby
Interviewer: Nung pagkatapos mong manganak ahm nagpa- nagpapacheck up ka pa rin?
Respondent Uum
Interviewer: Para saan?
Respondent Ay yung pagkatapos ko?
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent Kasi hinospital ako non kay michelle eh
Interviewer Ah nahospital sa ano
Respondent Di na ako nagpa ano non.
Interviewer: Alm mo ba ate ipay yung new born screening?
Respondent Wala pa yon sila michelle
Interviewer: Wala pa yon
Respondent Uum
Interviewer: Ahh okay, sa ano habang nanganganak ka, habang ano yung mga complications na
nangyare
Respondent Kay michelle..?
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent Ano yung kay michelle neh, yung baby pa lang siya?
Interviewer: Yung habang, pinapanganak mo sya , ano yung nangyaring complications?
Respondent Ano siya neh, kasi maliit lang siya non na baby kaya matagal kaming pinauwi pa sa bahay
ehh-ehh- na-ina inaano pa siya ng mga nurse? Kasi hindi pa siya nakakaihi non, may ilang
araw
Interviewer: Ahhh sa ano, ahmm pagkatapos mong manganak ano.. Ano yung mga advises na binigay
sa inyo ng doktor?
Respondent … pagkatapos kong manganak?
Interviewer: Yup
Respondent … para sa sarili ko?
Interviewer: Para sa sarili mo pati na rin sa anak mo.
Respondent Yun ina ano nila yung para hindi pinapaimmunize yung baby magkasakit yung baby,
Interviewer: Immunize?
Respondent Ay oo, pinapaalagaan yung baby, balikbalik mag ano balik sa doctor
Interviewer: Ano pang ibang health problem ang naranasan mo habang nagbubuntis ka?
Respondent Wala namn akong naramamdaman
Interviewer: Wala? Paanong parang normal lang
Respondent Uum
Interviewer: K.. Ahh yung pagkatapos mong manganak nagka health problem ka? Nangyare?
Respondent Yung ano lang neh, yung nagkaka-… anong tawag ditto?.. Tawag nito beh? Nagkaroon
ako ng, pagkatapos manganak parang, na ano ako yung nabinat…oo yung dinugo ako..
Interviewer: Ahhh, so ano
Respondent Sa ano lang yun sa binat
Interviewer: … ano yung ginawa mo para matangagal yun teh? Yung binat yung bleeding
Respondent (pause for 3 seconds may kinausap) ano lang kasi may nakain ako na ano yun eh yung
bawal
Interviewer: Ahhh
Respondent Na isda
Interviewer: Ahhh
Respondent Parang nanghina ako
Interviewer: Ahhhh yung buntis ka te, ano yung routine na ginagawa mo, araw araw?
Respondent Buntis ako.
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent Kay michelle namn mahilig akong mag –ano, ano yung kay michelle, mahilig akong mag-
ayos ayos
Interviewer: Mag ayos ayos hehehe
Respondent Oo
Interviewer: Ano yung mga bagay na ginawa mo para makatulong sayo habang nagbubuntis ka?
Respondent Syempre nag-iwas ako sa mga …ano nna hindiiii ko yung maano yung tiyan ko iniingatan
ko
Interviewer: Sa buong pagbubuntis mo ate ano yung ano, ano yun mga bagay na talagang nagpahirap
sayo, ano yung mga pangyayaring hirap na hirap ka?
Respondent Hirap na hirap ako sa pagbubuntis?
Interviewer: Oo
Respondent Ung sa akin lang talga ne ung paglilihi
Interviewer: Bakit yung paglilihi?
Respondent Kasi yun nga yung ayaw ko yung maka amoy ako ng ano sinaing, mahirapan ako nun pag
magsaing, ako parang ayaw ko, maglu magluluto ng ano, alam mo yung mga ginisa ginisa
ayaw ko yung mga bawang, mga … sibuyas non, yun yung mga amoy amoy na yun
Interviewer: K. Thank youuu yun lng po hahahaha thank god thank god
Respondent Tapos may bayad yan
Interviewer: Hehehee
Respondent Hahahhaha

Participant3
Respondent Okay lang yun nagiinterview ka nga na ano eh
Interviewer Number one question what are the happenings or events that you experienced while you
are pregnant? Yung first baby
Respondent Happy?
Interviewer Happenings or events
Respondent : first baby? Buntis palang
Interviewer Oo
Respondent Ay oo you’re pregnant ano oh. Ano happy experience
Interviewer Happenings or events walang happy
Respondent Happenings mga pangyayari o events
Other: i have ah I have ahhh
interviewer
Respondent Bumibili ako niya ng mga gamit kasi nga kasi ang expected ko babae, gusto ko babae,
respondent excited ako kasi nga gusto ko babae, namimili ako ng gamit niya tas ano … (pause)
nagpapacheck up (usapan) edit mo nalng john.hahaaha
Interviewer Number two are there any things you observe that you may think is different from usual?
If there is any, how did you overcome this? Ano yung mga na observe mo na pangyayari
sa pisikal na pangangatawan mo, paguugali, pagkilos nung nagbubuntis ka sa first baby
mo? Tapos paano mo sinu sinulu sinulusyunan yung mga ganong cases?
Respondent Marami, number one tinatamad gusto ko matulog, pero sinusulusyunan ko yon, gagawin
ko, maaga ako gigising tatapusin ko yung lahat ng trabaho ko para pag natapos yon
matutulog na ako, yun ang ginagawa ko
Interviewer Sa ano naman sa pisikal na pangangatawan
Respondent Ano? Nagbago sa mga katawan ko?, ano ako paaano maano ako yung ma eh no
mnaiinitan ako lagi ,, gusto ko maligo tapos, irritable, naasar ako , nag-iinit ang ulo ko,
nangangati ako, basta mga ganon maraming ano eh…
Interviewer Yung mga nararamdamn mo>?
Respondent Heheha nararamdaman ko?
Other: Inenterview rin ako ni john john eh
Respondent Maano rin ako maa tawag ditto, yung loob ko parang yung masyado akong ano… yung
alam mo yung konting bagay lang matampuhin ganon
Interviewer Yung parang sa mga, sa mga.. Precautions sa mga health problems, mga pagsusuka
Respondent Mga pagsusuka?
Interviewer Mga pressure, blood pressure
Respondent Yung ano- naaano blood pressure ko don ano lang tama lang, blood pressure ko, kahit
high blood ako na maintain yung dugo ko yuing nagbuntis ako… ano yung ano ba yon?
Ano pa yung tanong mo?
Interviewer Sa ano sa mga ano sa pisikal health problems mo nung sa first baby ?
Respondent Physical problem.!
Interviewer Oo yung nagbubuntis ka palang
Respondent Yun nga .. Tawag ditto pisikal problem?... (tumawa) yun nga sinabi ko na
Interviewer what is your common cravings that you experience during your pregnancy?
Respondent Cravings?ano yon?
Interviewer yung mga bagay na pinaglilihian mo, mga pagkain, mga ganon
Respondent ah mga pagkain.. Sa una wala pa kong gusto eh yung nagtagaltagal nagka ano na ako eh
parang nagkaroon na akong appetite, gusto ko non bangus ipri pri- kahit na anong luto ng
bangus tapos laing gatang gabi gusto ko
Interviewer in the foods you eat, do you think that it can affect your pregnancy? In what way? Sa
mga kinakain mo nakakaapekto ba yon sa pagbubuntis mo> sa papaanong paraan.

Respondent nakakaepekto!? Nakakaapekto yon kasi pagnakakakain ako non parang nakakaramdam
ako ng nabusog na ako, parang okay na ako, eh pag diko siya nakain parang ano eh
parang parang may kulang, sumusuka ako…
Interviewer Yung nagbubuntis ka, nakakain ka ba ng mga bawal?
Respondent Oo walang bawal sakin kasi lahat kinakain ko eh (umubo) nakkain talaga
Other: Hindi siya maselan
Interviewer Hindi naman nagresulta ng tawag ditto ng parang irritations sa mga pangangatawan mo,
nung nkakakain ka ng mga bawal?
Respondent nagresulta.. Yung ano… yung pagkain ko ng….. Maalat parang ano naano yung ihi ko di
namn totally uti pero ano siya mataas yun ano, ano bang tawag don, pagkakain ko ng
mga maaalat tumaas yung ano ng ihi ko ano bang tawag don?..?
Interviewer Other: chemicals
Respondent Chemicals..? (tumawa)
Interviewer Other: chemical nagyellowish
Respondent Ano! Oo nagyellowish yung ihi ko, kasi nga lahat ng bawal kinakain ko eh
Interviewer Number five, other than food you eat, what are the things that may affect your
pregnancy? Bukod pa sa mga pagkain ano pa yung mga bagay na sa tingin mo nakaapekto
sayo nung nagbubuntis
Respondent (umubo) ano… yungg.. Ano ba yon??,, yung paano yungg, minsan nasasasarenohan ako,
naaambunan, yun ang nakaepekto sinipon ako non eh
Other:) (tawa
Respondent Pati ung anak ko sinipon (tawa) nagkaroon ng ano problema sa kalusugan kasi walang
bawal nga sakin dahil inaabot ako na ng hating gabi nagtitinda kasi ako non eh
Other : (tumawa) buti siningit mo yon
Respondent Lahat ng bawal (tawa) lahat ng bawal nasasarenuhan naaambunan gala kasi ako nung
nagbubuntis ako
Other: Baka isipin lumilipad ka tuwing gabi
Interviewer Ano yung nakaapekto sa bata?
Respondent Humina yung resistensya ng bata, nang paglabas yon yon nga
Interviewer Number six do you regularly go to the doctor to check your condition?
Respondent Oo nagpunta na ako dahil barado na yung ilong ko ayaw ng mawala, hindi na ako
makahinga (tawa) pumunta ako sa doctor, nagpacheck up ako
Interviewer How often you go and what are the reminders that the doctor advices for you to have a
better condition?
Respondent Sabi niya (ubo) uminom raw ako ng maraming tubig tapos binigyan ako niresetahan ako
ng neozep, yon ininum ko, sinabi na nya mag rest
Other: Neozep? May baby?
Respondent Oo pinainom ako, non
Interviewer Number seven, when you learned that you are pregnant, what is the first action you did?
Kasi diba ano teenage ka palang non ano yung una mo naging aksyon kasi nalaman mo na
buntis ka
Respondent Yung una kong naging aksyon? Kinabahan naging masa- yung una naging parang naging
masaya ako parang ano nga, iba yung pakiramdam parang naging masaya ka, pero may
halong takot at kaba ganon
Interviewer Tapos… what is your possible plan/s for the sake of your child? Diba teenage pa lang , ano
yung mga naging plano nyo nung- para sa bata? Batang isisilang?
Respondent Naging plano?
Interviewer Opo
Respondent (umubo) aalagaan ng mabuti, pag-aaralin yon ang naging plano
Interviewer Number nine, during your post-natal, did you continue to have a check-up with the
doctor?
Respondent Post natal yung pagkatapos mong manganak?
oo yung pagkatapos mong manganak
Interviewer Sa sarili mo
Respondent Sa sarili ko?
Interviewer Oo
Respondent Oo nakapagpacheck up ako kasi ano eh, bumuka yung tahi ko, nagkaroon na ako ng
problema kaya nagpachekc up ako
Interviewer Ano yung problema na yon
Respondent Bumuka yung tahi, yung tahi ko bumuka kaya nagpacheck up
Interviewer During your delivery, is there any complications that can cause you risk?
Respondent Wala naman wala walang ano
Interviewer Nung pagkasilang pa lang ng bata did you undergo new born screening?
Respondent Oo meron, may new born screening yon
Interviewer Ano yung mga naging results neto? Yung new born screening
Respondent Okay naman wala namng ano
Participant 4 Interviewer Number 12 during your post-natal, yung pagpapacheck up mo ng after mong manganak.
Interviewer How old are you whenWhat
youarehadthe advices
your of theIlan
first child? doctor
taontoka
you?
nung-
Interviewee Respondent
First ano!? Advises? Mag family planning para di madagdagan yung anak, kasi hirap akong manganak
Interviewer Ano, as a teen mom nung un among pagbubuntis mo how did you manage taking care of
Interviewer your child?
Ilang taon ka nung nagbuntis ka sa panganay mo?
Respondent Paano ko minanage?
Interviewee Interviewer
Fifteen Oo
Respondent Ano nakikinig ako sa mga sabi ng mga magulang ko sa mga nakakatanda sakin sa mga
Interviewer uhm what are thingpagpapadede, pagpapatulog
that hap- happenings pagpapakain,
or events pagpapadede
that you experienced sinusunod
while you are ko yon
InterviewerAno yungYung
pregnant? mga pagkalabas
pangyayareba nang baby ano,
nangyare sayowala
nungbang natalang
habang health
buntis ka? complications?
Respondent Wala, okay naman
Interviewee Ano lang pagsakit ngTapos
Interviewer ulo tasahh bilang isang
tinatamad, mom what would be your advises to other teens ano yung
ganon
Interviewer Are there anythings mabibigay mong advice
that you observed sa mga
that you maykabataan? Na pumasok
think is different sa ganitong
from usual yung sitwasyon
Respondent
ano Ano.. nagbubuntis
yung kakaiba habang Number one ka magpacheck
sa normal sila
na …sundin nila yung mga
pangangatawan mo bawal, lalo na sa mga kinakain
dati nung
di ka pa buntis? tapos pagkapanganak nila family planning para magkaroon ng,maalagaan nila ng maayos
ang anak nila
Interviewee Interviewer
Yung mukha ko langSigi maraming tas
nagmamanas salamat
ano tumaba konti ganon
Respondent Thank you..
Interviewer What is the health problem you experienced during your pregnancy? Ano yung health
problem na naranasan mo habang nagbubuntis ka?

Interviewee Uti
Interviewer Uti? Uhm ano yon? Yung… may uti ka talaga or nagkaroon ka lang ng uti

Interviewee Hindi , nagkaroon ako sa kanya nung nagbubuntis.

Interviewer Kkk, during your delivery is there any complication that can cause you risk yung habang
nanganganak ka may pangyayari ba don na nagput sayo sa danger?

Interviewe Wala

Interviewer Normal lang?


Interviewee Uum normal lang
Interviewer What is the health problem you experienced naman pagkatapos mo naming manganak?
Pagkatapos mong manganak?

Interviewee Wala naman.


Interviewer Normal lang din?

Interviewee Oo normal
Interviewer Pati yung baby normal lang din?

Interviewee Oo
Interviewer :uhmm what are the events that make your pregnancy harder for you? Ano yung event
na nagpahirap sayo? Nung nagbubuntis ka?

Interviewee Yung labor lang


Interviewer Labor?

Interviewee Uum

Interviewer Sobrang hirap talaga?

Interviewee Uum
Interviewer What is your routine during your pregnancy? Ano yung araw araw na ginagawa mo nung
buntis ka?
Interviewee Laro lang ng cellphone (tumawa)

Interviewer Yun lang? (tumawa)

Interviewee Oo, kain ganon?


Interviewer What are the common cravings that you experience? Ano yung mga madalas mong
kinakain?
Interviewee Mangga, tas yung mga malalambot yung mga ano -
Interviewer Malalambot!?
Kunwari jelly ace
Interviewer Ahhh other than food you eat what are the things that you think that may affect your
pregnancy bukod sa pagkain na kinakain moa no pa yung sa tingin mo na nakakaapekto
sayo nung nagbubuntis ka??
Interviewee Anong nakakaepekto?
Interviewer Yung apekto ng kunyari sa health mo or dun sa pangangatawan mo?
Interviewee Wala naman tumataba lang.
Interviewer Tumataba ka lang? Ahhhh what do as a teen mom how did you manage taking care of
your child? As a teenage mother nga , paano mo nga nahahandle yung ano
Interviewee Wala parang kapatid lang din,ganon tropa ganon
Interviewer Tropa tropa (tumawa)
Interviewee Ayoko ng nung sobrang nanay na nanay
Interviewer Sa bagay, lagi ka bang nagpapatingin sa doctor?
Interviewee Hindi?
Interviewer Hindi ka nagtake?
Interviewee Ako?-
Interviewer Oo-
Interviewee O yung anak ko?
Interviewer Ikaw.
Interviewee Hindi
Interviewer Yung nagbubuntis ka?
Interviewee Ah oo, na ano- kumpleto ako non
Interviewer Lagi kang nagpapacheck checkup sa doctor
Interviewee Uum
Interviewer Uhhm pag pumupunta ka don, ano yung mga reminders na sinasabi sayo ng doctor?
Interviewee Ay yung mga ano lang- kunwari mag –ano mag ganern, araw araw inumin yung vitamins
Interviewer did your child undergo newborn screening?
Interviewee Uum
Interviewer What are the result? Ano yung mga sinabi don?
Interviewee Normal lang
Interviewer Normal lang!? Lang lahat? Uhmm during your post-natal did you continue to have a
check up to doctor? With doctor? Pagkatapos nyong manganak nagpapatuloy ka pa rin
bang magpacheck up?
Interviewee Wala,.yung sa baby nalang-
Interviewer Yung sa baby nalang?! What are the things you do to protect the health of your child?
Ano yung mga ginagawa mo para naman maprotektahan mo naman yung health nung
bata?
Interviewee Yung sa ano, sa alam na magkakasakit siya ganon
Interviewer What are the things that you do to help your pregnancy? Nung buntis ka, ano yung mga
bagay na ginagawa mo para makapag- makatulong sayo na magcope or maka or maka-
adjust nung buntis ka—nung buntis ka
Interviewee Sorry
Interviewer Okay lang, nung buntis ka, ano yung mga bagay na ginagawa mo para makatulong sayo?

Interviewee Sa?
Interviewer Sa panganganak or sa pagbubuntis
Interviewee Yun nga, di ko alam, sakto lang di ko na maalala eh
Interviewer (tumawa)
Interviewee Kasi naglalakad-lakad lang ako para mabilis manganak
Interviewer Ahh sige thank youu
Interviewee Ok na?
Interviewer Oo, thank you thank you thank you thank you

Participant 5
Interviewer So ano po, yung alam nyo (laughts) naman po siguro yung tungkol dito. Yung makakaala
makakaalam lang naman po nh ibibigay nyo sa amin is kami lang po tsaka yung teacher si
sir felonia lang po. So first ano po question po, ahhhm ilang taon po kayo nabuntis?
Respondent 18....18
Interviewer Then ano po, what are the happenings or events that you experienced when you are
pregnant?
Respondent Medyo stress kasi syempre bata pa tas malaki yung expectation sa akin ng parents ko so
yun during the pregnancy stress talaga.
Interviewer Ahhhm other anythings you observed that you may think is defferent from this one?
Respondent Excuse me?
Interviewer Are there anythings you observed that you may think is different from this one?
Respondent Wala naman.
Interviewer Ahhh then what was the health problem you experienced during your pregnancy? Diba
po kasi commonly pag teenage pregnancy sinasabi nila maraming health problem na nag
ooccur, sa inyo po ano po yung naging health problem sa inyo?
Respondent Uti siguro....uti
Interviewer Then during your delivery po is there any complications that cause, that can cause you a
risk?
Respondent Actually meron kasi that time duedate ko na pero di pa lumalabas yung baby so kusang
pinutok nila yung ano panubigan ko para lumabas sya, para lumabas sya ng ano ng
sapilitan.
Interviewer What is the health problem that experienced of the childbirth? After po kayong
manganak ano pa ang health problem?
Respondent Wala naman...wala..yeah
Interviewer What are the events that makes your pregnancy harder for you? Sa buong, sa buong
pagbubuntis nyo po hanggang sa panganganak po, ano po sa tingin nyo yung pinaka
mahirap or pinaka pinaka struggles na nangyari sa inyo?
Respondent Yung pag-aaral kasi i had to go modular that time para (laughts) para makapag continue
ako ng pag-aaral pero nahihirapan ako maka habol maka cope up sa studies noong
bumalik ako.
Interviewer What is your routine in your dur in, ano po ang routine nyo during your pregnancy?
Anong daily routine nyo po na ginagawa?
Respondent Daily routine? Wala naman masyado, kung ano yung usually ginagawa ko lagi before pa
ng pregnancy, gigising tapos iinom ng vitamins hindi kasi ako pala exercise e.
Interviewer Ahhh sige po, what are the common cravings that you experienced during your
pregnancy?
Respondent Fastfoods
Interviewer Whoooah...ahhhhm other than foods you eat what are the things that may affect your
pregnancy? Bukod po sa pagkain nyo ano po sa tingin nyo yung nakakaapekto sa
pagbubuntis nyo po?
Respondent Dapat ano, yung vitamins tapos exercise talaga para mas, mas mabilis lumabas yung
baby.
Interviewer Ahhh sa tingin nyo naman po how did you manage taking care of your child?
Respondent Noong una mahirap kasi i have to wake up lagi tuwing gabi pero nakakasanayan na kasi
sya as, as time pass by.
Interviewer Sige po, do you regularly go to the doctor to check your condition? If yes how often you
go? What are the reminders that the doctor advices for you to have a better condition?
Respondent During pregnancy?
Interviewer Opo
Respondent Monthly!! Monthly ako pumupunta sa doctor nun, tapos yung mga advice nya is ayun
nga take vitamins nga kasi meron akong uti that time.
Interviewer Did you...did your child undergo new born screening?
Respondent Yes
Interviewer Ano po.. Ano po yung result non after nung new born screening?
Respondent Hindi ko rin kasi alam yun kasi yung mismong doctor na yung, pagkalabas nya ni new
born screening na sya tapos binigay nalang sya sa akin so hindi ko din talaga kasi alam
yung result ng new born screening nya, im sorry
Interviewer Ahhh sige po. During your post natal did you continue to have a check up to the doctor?
Pagkatapos nyo po manganak?
Respondent No (laughts)
Interviewer Ahhhh what is the things you do to protect the health of your child?
Respondent Ano hindi sya pwede ilabas sa gabi ganon para hindi sya mahamogan tapos kailangan
breast feed talaga sya para maiwas sa sakit.
Interviewer Ahhhm what are the things you do to help you during your pregnancy? Ano po yung mga
bagay na ginagawa nya para makatulong po sa inyo habang nagbubuntis kayo?
Respondent Naglalakad ako every morning para mas bumaba yung matres.
Interviewer Thank you po yun lang po
Respondent Thank you

paticipant 6
Interviewer Ate ilang taon kayo nang, nung nagbuntis kayo sa panganay nyo?
Respondents 17
Interviewer Ahhhm what are the happenings or events that you experienced while you are pregnant?
Ano ba yung mga pangyayari na nararanasan mo nong buntis ka?
Respondents Wala lang parang normal lang naman.
Interviewer Ate there anythings you observed that you may think is different fron this one? Ano, may
mga bagay ba na iba kompara diin sa normal na pamumuhay?
Respondents Wala
Interviewer Normal lang talaga?
Respondents Oo
Interviewer Ahhhm during your delivery is there any complications that can cause you risk? Yung,
yung habang nagbun, habang nanganganak ka may pangyayari ba doon na muntik ng
may mangyaring masama?
Respondents Hindi, kusa lang syang lumabas e
Interviewer ( laughts ) what is the health problems you experienced after childbirth? Pagkatapos
mong manganak ano yung, may health problem bang nangyayari?
Respondents Wala
Interviewer Normal lang talaga?
Respondents Normal lang
Interviewer Ahhh what are the events that makes your pregnancy harder for you? Ano yung mga
nagpahirap sayo habang nagbubuntis ka?
Respondents Hindi kasi tagtag ako non e, nagiigib pa ako ng tubig namin.
Respondents Seeeven, what is your daily routine including pregancy? Ano yung araw araw mong
ginagawa habang nagbubuntis ka?
Interviewer Noong buntis ako nagiigib ako, naglalaba ako ganon lang routine.
Respondents What are the common cravings that you experinced during your pregnancy? Cravings
yong pinaglilihian mo
Interviewer Manggan, itlog.
Respondents Other than food you eat what are the thing that may affect your pregnancy? Habang
ahhm bukod sa pagkain sa pagkain na naintake mo, ano sa tingin mo nakakaapekto doon
sa pagbubuntis mo?
Respondents Yung gamot na binibigay sa akin
Interviewer Anong gamot te?
Respondents Perus
Interviewer Ahhh perus
Respondents Diko iniinom yun e
Respondents Ahhhh, sa tingin mo how did you manage taking care of your child? Ahhhhm as a
teenage mother pano, paano nyo po naa naayos or naga guide yung anak nyo po?
Interviewer Ano parang, katuwang ko yung lola ko
Respondents Ahhh!! Yung ano ahhhm do you go to the doctor to check your condition?
Interviewer Oo
Respondents ahhhm gaano kadalas pag nagpapa check up ka?
Respondents Every month, tuwing pinababalik ako bumabalik talaga ako
Interviewer Did your child undergo new borm screening?
Respondents Hindi pa, wala pa non noon e.
Interviewer Ahhh wala pa non?
Respondents Wala pa
Respondents During your post natal did you continue to have a check up with the doctor? Pagkatapos
nyo manganak
Interviewer Oo
Respondents Tuloy tuloy lang?
Interviewer Dere deretso lang
Respondents What are ahhhm may nasabi ba yung doctor, yung nagpa check up ka?
Respondents Wala naman, parang ano kung yung, yung balik balik naman, yung sa bata yung injection
yun lang
Interviewer Ohhh!! Yun lang po thank you ( long pause) oyyy ate may isa pa pala ( laughts) what are
the things you do to help your pregnancy?
Respondents Mga ginagawa ko para makatulong sa pagbubuntis ko?

Interviewer Oo
Respondents Wala naman, ano lang everyday lang kailangan maging healthy ka kumain ka ng tama.
Interviewer Sige po, thank you

Participant 7

Interviewer Ahhhm what are the common struggles or problems that you are experienced during the
teenage pregnancy?

Respondent Yung ano po, yung sa damdamin (pause) maiinotin ang ulo (long pause).

Interviewer Yung anong tawag dito? Yung mga nararamdaman mo sa pangangatawan mo?

Respondent (thinking) yung ano, yung (pause) yung maiinit yung pakiramdam (long pause).

Interviewer Next, daily practices that you applied throughout the pregnancy? Ano yung mga nagiging
routines mo sa araw-araw para maging maayos ang pagbubuntis mo?

Respondent Ahhh.. First yung (short pause) (then sing) "pag gising sa umaga" (laughs) pag gising sa
umaga syempre ano (short pause) maliligo tapos kakain ng healthy foods (long pause).

Interviewer Ano yung magiging ano (respondent laughs) advise mo na dapat kainin ng mga other
teenage pregnant woman?

Respondent Ahh yun din po ahh dapat iwasan nila yung makakasama sa (short pause) kanila tulad
yung mga alak (pause) matatamis kung baga balans, balanse lang (short pause) at tsaka
yung importante yung kumain ng vegetables,, healthy foods para ang baby nila ay
maging healthy din.

Interviewer What are the happenings or events that you experienced while you are pregnant?

Respondent Ahhh (pause) dizziness (pause) tapos yung (pause) yung ano (pause) pagsusuka
(interviewer "pagsusuka") oo, tas yung (pause) maano, maiinitin ang ulo, ano pa
maiinitin ulo tas yung mapili sa ano mga kinakain
Interviewer Pangalawang tanong, are there anythings you observed but, ((())))))((((???? May thing is
different from usual? If there is anything how did you overcome this? Ano yung mga
bagay na napapansin mo naging iba noong nag buntis ka?

Respondent Hindi, yung ano pag iiba ng itsura, yung mood (short pause) ang kaibahan nung sa hindi
buntis yung normal lang ganon.

Interviewer About naman sa ano sa physical, yung mga nararamdaman mo?

Respondent Physical? Yun nga yung nasusuka tapos mapapansin mo yung medyo nag eexpand,
tumataba taba na yung katawan mo ganon

Interviewer Ano yung ginawa nyong aksyon about doon sa mga pagbabago na yun?

Respondent Ahhh yun ok, andyan yung kinakain mo ang, kakainin mo ang, kinakain ko nalang yung
kung ano ang gusto nung baby ko sa loob ng tiyan, diko nalang kinakain ang ayaw nya
kasi nagdudulot yun ng pagsusuka ko.

Interviewer Pangatlong tanong, what are the common (((((())))???? That you experienced during your
pregnancy? Yung mga nag, yung mga , yung mga pinalihian mo?

Respondent Ahh!! Ahh meron naman akong pinaglilihian common ay yung ano yung mangga, mga
ganon?, magbibigay ng sample? Tapos yung pinag pares ko yung mangga , spaghetti
ganon, yun ang gusto ko kainin.

Interviewer Sa mga pagkain na yun, nakakaapekto ba yun sa pagbubuntis mo? Sa paanong paraan?

Respondent (thinking) oo kasi naka ahh, nakakaapekto sya sa pagbubuntis ko kasi ( short pause)
imbes na yun lang ang kakainin, imbe, ano ba yun? Ano bang tanong? Paanong
nakakaapekto? Tataba?

Interviewer Yung ano kahit parang nagkakaroon ba ng pagbabago sa mga nararamdaman mo?

Interviewer Ahhh!! Yun yung ang epekto non sa akin yung na (pause) na yung... No ba yun?
Nalalapatan yung sakit ng sikmura ko kasi ahh tinupad ko yung kung ano ang gusto ng
baby ko yung pinaglilihian ko.

Interviewer Bukod sa mga pagkain ano pa ang bagay na sa tinggin mo nakakaapekto sa kondisyon ng
pagbubuntis mo?

Respondent Bukod sa pagkain? Nakakaapekto? Ano? Ano ang tanong?

Interviewer Ano, bukod sa pagkain ano pa yung mga bagay na nakakaapekto sa pagbubutis mo ?

Respondent Yung ano, yung sa kapaligiran yung mga halimbawa yung naamoy mo parang, tapos hate
ka dun sa mga naaamoy mong mga usok, mga bagay bagay na masama. Ayaw mo yung
maingay mga noisy sa paligid ganon.
Interviewer Sa temperatura naman malamig o ano yung mas komportable na ano?

Respondent Para sa akin yung nagbuntis ako (short pause) wala naman basta yun lang naramdaman
ko gusto ko matulog ng matulog. Ok na.

Interviewer Do you regularly go to the doktor to check your condition?

Respondent Oo

Interviewer Gaano ka kadalas magpunta sa doktor?

Respondent Ahhh...(pause, whispering) twice a week

Interviewer Ano tawag dito? Ano yung mga binibigay na advice sayo ng doktor para maging maayos
ang kalagayan mo?

Respondent Kumain... Kumain daw kami ng mga healthy foods lalo na ang mga gulay, tapos sapat na
tulog, tapos mag take ng medicine na vitamins para sa baby.

Interviewer Noong nalaman mong buntis ka noong una mong anak, ano? Ano yung una mong aksyon
na ginawa?

Respondent Yung first baby ko? Una andon yung kaba pero syempre happy kasi magkaka baby na
ako.

Interviewer Yung sa una mong baby syempre diba teenage ka palang non, ano yung naging aksyon
mo noong malaman mo na pregnant ka?

Respondent Unang reaksyon ko syempre natakot ako

Interviewer Ano ang ginawa mo non?

Respondent Ano, nalaman kong pregnant ako natakot ako tas kinausap ko yung, kinausap ko yung
boyfriend ko o yung magiging ama ng anak ko na buntis ako. Pinagtapat ko kung papaano
namin haharapin yung pagbubuntis kona samahan nya ako sa magulang ko para
ipagtapat. Andon parin yung takot.

Interviewer Ngayon yung nalaman mo ano yung mga naging plano nyo para sa batang ipapanganak
mo?

Respondent Lagi akong (pause) aalagaan naming maiigi yun

Interviewer Tapos ito naman

Respondent Mahalin!!!! Alagaan mahalin


Interviewer Tapos ano, yung ano naman diba pagkatapos mo manganak meron pang mga check up
check up, yung pagkatapos mo manganak nag patuloy paba kayo magpa check up sa
doktor? Kasi ganon diba ginagawa kadalasan

Respondent Ahhh.. Oo nag pafollow up check up, kasi aanuhin yung, diba nanganak ka kukumustahin
syempre yung mga blood pressure mo kung may mga pagbabago ba, tapos kung papano
mo papadedeen, diba breast feed? Ganon, tas itatanong mo sa doktor mo kung ano yung
nararapat na gatas na ipapadede mo sa anak mo.

Inteviewer Ano yung naging advice ng doktor sayo after mo manganak?

Respondent Ano ayun nga po yung kumain ng mga healthy foods at gulay.

Interviewer About sa baby?

Respondent Sa baby ko, kailangan daw ano first, paglabas agad ng baby i breast feed yun daw kasi
ang pinakadabest para sa bata, malayo sa mga sakit.

Interviewer Nung pinanganak mo yung anak mo nagkaroon ba ng mga complications, mga health
problems ganon?

Respondent Oo yung pangalawang anak,idedescribe ko ba? Sa panga, sa first baby? Sa first baby yun
normally yung may sipon syya tapos yung(pause) yun lang nilabas ko sya may sipon e.

Interviewer E yung sayo naman meron? Ano yung mga health problems na nagkaroon ka noong
nagbuntis ka? Meron ba?

Respondent Health problem noong first baby ko? Wala nanan okay naman

Interviewer Doon sa.. Diba pagnanganak nagkakaroon ng new born screening, nag pa nrw born
screening ba kayo?

Respondent Sa first baby ko sa observation ko, kasi noong una hindi ko na, walang breast, ano walang
born screening noong una e sa first baby ko.

Interviewer Ano yung naging results noong mga, naging maganda ba kahit wala?

Respondent Ang naging positive naman, wala naman naging resulta na ano, maayos naman okay
naman yung mga pandinig nya ganon tapos sa dugo nya wala namang naging problema.

Interviewer Ngayon as a mother, ano tawag dito? Paano, ano ang mabibigay advises sa mga iba pang
kabataan na baka sakaling may pumasok sa ganoong sitwasyon?

Respondent Para sa akin sa ngayon sa panahon ngayon sa mga kabataan, kung di naman natin
mapigilan yung pakikipag boyfriend, alamin muna nila yung advantages at disadvantages
bago nila pasukin ang pagkakaroon isang pamilya, siguro kaiangan nilang malaman yung
mga contraceptives mga family planning ng sa ganon di dadami yung mga anak nila.
Interviewer Huling tanong, nakalimutan ko itanong kanina. Tawag dito, noong first baby mo diba
syempre wala pa tayong gaanong tawag dito yung mga panghahawakan na parang
trabaho ganon, kasi bata pa nga, paano mo na manage na alagaan yung anak mo?

Respondent Ahhh, that time syempre bata pa andyan parin sa likod yung mga magulang na
nanghihingi ako ng mga advice kung paano alagaan at kung papaano mamuhay, siguro sa
tulong narin ng magulang, tsaka yung, yung sharing naming mag-asawa kung ano ang
dapat gawin ganon. Pagtutulungan or kooperasyon ang pinaka dabest sa isat-isa sa mag-
asawa.

Interviewer Ayun lang salamat.

Respondent Thank you din po.

JOHN KEITH DEL ROSARIO VELASCO

Phone: 09089325015Email:Jk.velasco04@gmail.com
Address:#2866 San Juan St. Pinalad Road, Centennial II, Nagpayong, Pinagbuhatan, Pasig City
Birthdate: February 04, 2002

TECHNICAL SKILLS

 Hardware troubleshooting
 Network troubleshooting
 Microsoft office( MS word, PowerPoint, publisher)
 Adobe creative suite (adobe Photoshop)

PERSONAL SKILLS

 Highly organized and efficient


 Proven leadership and ability to motivate
 Honesty and loyalty
 Problem- solving skills
 Can work under pressure and stress

Employment History
 Computer operator
Myxn Computer Shop
Nagpayong, pinagbuhatan, pasig city
April 25, 2018 - May 25, 2018

 Encoder
Special Program for the Employment of Students (SPES)
Pasig City Hall, Pasig City
April 23, 2016 - May 22, 2016

EDUCATION
Secondary : Academic Track/Science and Technology, June 2018 - April 2020
Engineering andMathematics (STEM)
Buting Senior High School
Pasig City
:Nagpayong High School June 2014 - April 2018
Pasig City
Primary :Nagpayong Elementary School June 2008 - April 2014
Pasig City
Honor and Award
With Honors Grade 10 June 2017 - April 2018
Nagpayong High School, Pasig City
With Honors Grade 9 June 2016 - April 2017
NagpayongHigh School, Pasig City
Seminars and Responsibilities
Grade 10 Class Vice President June 2017 - April 2018
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
HIV seminar
Pasig youth center (PYC) March 15, 2018

References
Mrs. Monette P. Vega 09166738052
Principal II
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
Ms. Jan Rhesa V. Capilitan
09994631688
General Mathematics Teacher
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
Ms. Michelle Gapiza
09168755088
Mathematics Teacher
Pinagbuhatan High School, Pasig City

MARVIE VILLATO ALO


Phone: 09156897954
Email: marviealo@yahoo.com
Address: 30G Bunyi St., Buting, Pasig City
Birthday: November 30,2001

Technical Skills
Microsoft office (Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc)
Video Editing
Personal Skills
Highly efficient when working to task that I know a lot
Excellent in making decisions
Can work under pressure and stress
.
Education
Secondary : Academic Track/Science and Technology, June 2018 - April 2020
Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Buting Senior High School
Pasig City
:Camflora National High School June 2015 - April 2018
Quezon Province

Primary :Mangero Elementary School June 2012 - April 2014


Quezon Province

Honor and Award


With Honors Grade 10 June 2017 - April 2018
Camflora National High School, Quezon Province
With Honors Grade 9 June 2016 - April 2017
Camflora National High School, Quezon Province

Seminars and Responsibilities


Grade 10 Class Peace Officer June 2017 - April 2018
Camflora National High School, Quezon Province
Leadership Program September 2017
Camflora National High School, Quezon Province

References
Mrs. Monette P. Vega 09166738052
Principal II
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
Ms. Jan Rhesa V. Capilitan 09994631688
General Mathematics Teacher
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
Mr. Warren B. Manlogon 09382529864
Science Teacher
Camflora National High School, Quezon City
JOHANNA MONTESA CESAR

40 Villa Tupaz II St. San Joaquin, Pasig City


Email: cesarjohannam@gmail.com
Mobile: 09777535231
______________________________________________________________________

Educational Background:

Secondary (Senior High) : Buting Senior High School


A. Santos St. Buting, Pasig City
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
(STEM)
Grade 11 – Academic Track

Secondary (Junior High) : San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School


March 2018 Lope K. Santos St. San Joaquin, Pasig City
With Honours

Primary : San Joaquin Elementary School


March 2012 Lope K. Santos St. San Joaquin, Pasig City

Seminars/Programs Attended:

First Aid Seminar October 11, 2017


San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School
Pasig City

Disaster Risk Reduction Management September 18, 2017


San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School
Pasig City

HIV/AIDS Prevention Education & December 2, 2016


RCY Celebration of World AIDS Day
San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School
Pasig City

Leadership Development Program August 28, 2016


San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School
Pasig City

Anti-Bullying Self Defense Program May 2&4, 2017


Year 2: Challenge of Preparedness
Tanghalang Pasigueno, Pasig City

Workshop Seminar on Free Being Me April 27-28, 2017


Program for Senior Girls Scout
Helena Z. Benitez National Program
And Training Center, Tagaytay City

Achievements/ Awards:

Graduated with Honors in Primary Education


San Joaquin Elementary School (Covered Court) March 31, 2014

Graduated with Honors in Junior High School April 6, 2018


San Joaquin Elementary School (Covered Court)

Most Active Girls Scout Member S.Y. 2016 - 2018


San Joaquin Elementary School (Covered Court)

Character References:

Mrs. Monette P. Vega 09166738052


Principal II
Buting Senior High School, Pasig City
Jan Rhesa V. Capilitan 09994631688
Grade 11 – Class Adviser,
Buting Senior High School
Pasig City

Cecilia L. Cañete
Grade 10 Class Adviser, Master Teacher I
San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School
Pasig City

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of my knowledge
and beliefs.