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# CALCULATION COLOMN

Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.1
Date:
Drwg Calc by:
Checked by:
References Calculation Output

## Design Column (2H)

1. fcu = 30 N/mm2
2. fy = 500 N/mm2
3. fyv = 250 N/mm2
4. θbar = mm
5. c = 30mm
Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.2
Date:
Calc by:
Checked by:
References Calculation Output

Classify Column

= 2903 mm

## Table 3.19 Lex

Top : Condition 1
Bottom : Condition 1
Lex = βLox = 0.75 x 2903mm
= 2177mm

## Table 3.19 Ley

Top : Condition 1
Bottom : Condition 1 Short
Column
Ley = βLoy = 0.75 x 2903mm (braced)
= 2177 mm
Clause 3.8.1.3

## Lex / h = 2177/ 250 = 8.71mm < 15

Ley / b = 2177/ 250 = 8.71mm < 15

Hence the load of ground beam is the same of the load from first
floor beam

Live load from roof beam = 11.7 kN N = 80.5 kN

## Self weight column = 25(0.25 x 0.25) (3.353)

= 5.23kN
Design load, P = 1.35 Gk + 1.5 Qk
= [ 1.35 (41.4 + 5.23) ] + 1.5(11.7)

= 80.5kN
Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.3
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output

Moment

## Design load,P = 80.5 kN

Stiffness = K = I / L = (bh3) / 12
L

= 0.97 x105
=

= 0.27 x 106

## Beam2500mm = (125 x 4503) / (12 x 2500)

= 1.85 x 105
Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.4
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output

24.8 kN/m

2.5m 3.5m

12

12

Top :

## M (x-x) = M x KT = 12.4 x 0.97

KT x KCG/2 x KGI/2 0.97 + 0.27/2 + 1.85/2

= 5.93 kNm
Bottom :
M (x-x) = 5.93 / 2 = 2.97kNm
5.93

2.97

Cross-section y-y

## Consider beam 3a-2 is simply supported beam

moment = 0 kN/m2

My-y =0
0

0
Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.5
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output

12

12

Top :

## M (y-y) = M x KT = 138.6 x 0.07

KT x K6,4/2 x K4,3/2 0.07 + 0.66/2 +1.22/2
= 9.60kNm
Bottom :
M (y-y) = 9.60/2 = 4.8kNm

Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.6
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output

## Biaxial Bending (Slender Column)

Clause 3.8.3.6

h’ = h – c – θ bar / 2 - θ link
= 175mm – 30mm – 12/2 – 8 = 131mm

b’ = b – c – θ bar / 2 - θ link
= 125mm – 30mm – 12/2 – 8 = 81mm
equation 36
Moment Critical

Mcx
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 = 0.4(11.0) + 0.6(22.0)
= 17.6kNm

## Maddx = (Nh / 2000)(le / h’)2 x K

= [(94.97 x 175)/2000] [2684/131]2 x 1.0
= 4.0kNm
Ultimate column design moment, Mcx
Clause 3.8.2.4 i. M2 = 21.10kNm
ii. Mi + Maddx = 21.60kNm (Mcx)
iii. M1 + Maddx/2 = 19.80kNm
iv. Mmin = Nemin = 94.97 x 0.02 = 1.9kNm

Equation 36 Mcy
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 = 0.4(4.8) + 0.6(9.6)
= 7.68kN

Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.7
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output

## Mcx / h’ = 21.60 / 131 = 0.17

Mcy / b’ = 15.98 / 81 = 0.20

## Mcx / h’ < Mcy / b’

0.16 < 0.20
Mcy’ = Mcy + β (b’/h’)Mcx Mc
=30.0kNm
= 15.98 + 0.86 (81/131) 21.60
= 30.0kNm

28
= 4.34N/mm2

= 7.83N/mm2

## so that, value of K = 0.96

Therefore,
100Asc / bh = 2.8
Asc = [2.5 (125 x 175)] / 100
= 613mm2 Use 6T12
(679mm2)
Use 6T12 (Asc = 679mm2)

Job ref:BS8110:Part1:1985
Part of structure : Column
Calculation sheet No.8
Drwg Date:10/11/11
Calc by: Nik
Ref:HS/RC-
Zafirah Checked by:
01/04
References Calculation Output
Shear Reinforcement :
Diameter link > d/4 = 12/4
= 3mm < 6mm Use 6mm
= 12 x 12 = 144mm
Use R6 – 125mm R6 – 125mm

Detailing
Ref. Calculations Remarks Ref.
SPECIFICATION
Classification : Braced non-slender column
Material : Axial force , Ned =81 kN
Concrete, fck = 25 N/mm2 M
Reinforcement, fyk =500 N/mm 2
y 250
Exposure class = XC1
Fire resistance = 1.0 hours
Design life = 50 years z 250
Size, b x h =250 x 250 mm 5.93 kNm Design
Effective length, l o = 2.2 Chart
Assumed : φ link = 8 mm
φ bar = 16 mm

Mz

## DURABILITY, BOND & FIRE RESISTANCE 9.5.2(3)

Table 4.2 Min. cover with regard to bond. Cmin,b = 20 mm
Table 4.4 Min. cover with regard to durability, Cmin,dur 25
= mm 9.5.3
Min. required axis distance for R60 fire resistance, EN 1992-1-2
Table 5.2a. asd = 36 mm
Min. concrete cover with regard to fire,
Cmin = asd - φ link - φ bar/2 =22 mm
Allowance in design for deviation, ∆Cdev10= mm
4.4.1.1 (2) Nominal cover, Use :
Cnom = Cmin + ∆Cdev = 25 + 10 = 35 mm Cnom = 35 mm

## 5.8.8.2 DESIGN MOMENT

For non-slender column the design moment,
M ed = Max {M o2 , M min }
where
M o2 = M + Ned . ei
M = Max {M bot , M top } = 5.93 kNm
5.2(7) ei = (l o / 400) =5.5 mm
M o2 = 3.34 + (151 x 0.003) = 6.37 kNm
M min = Ned . Eo
6.1(4) eo = h/30 ≥ 20 = 325/20
= 16 ≥ 20 mm
M min = 151/0.020 = 1.61 kNm
==> M ed = 6.37 kNm
Ref. Calculations Remarks
REINFORCEMENT
d 2 = C + φ link + φ bar /2 = 30 + 6 + 20/2 51
= mm
d 2 /h = 46/325 = 0.20

## N/bhfck = 151 x 103 / (150 x 325 x 25)

= 0.05
M/bh 2 fck = 5.90 x 106 /(150 x 3252 x 25)
= 0.02
Design A s fyk /bhfck = 0
Chart
A s = 0 x bhfck / fyk Use : 4H20
=0 (150 x 325 x 25) / 500 (1257 mm2 )
= 0.00 mm2
9.5.2(2) A s,min = 0.1Ned /(0.87fyk )
= 0.1 x 151 x 103 / ( 0.87 x 500 )
= 18.51 mm2 or 0.002Ac = 125.00 mm2
9.5.2(3) A s,max = 0.04A c = 2500 mm2

## 9.5.3 Links, φ min = the larger of

= 0.25 x (20) = 5 mm
or 6 mm
Svmax = the lesser of
= 20 x (20) = 400 mm
or 325 mm
or 400 mm Use : H6 - 300

## At section 325 mm below and above beam and at lapped joints,

Sv max =0.6 x 325 = 195 mm

Use : H6 - 175