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ADAMSON UNIVERSITY

College of Business Administration

TRACEABILITY OF BS CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION GRADUATES OF


ADAMSON UNIVERSITY FROM 2009-2014

by

MICHAEL M. VALDEZ

2016
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to acknowledge the following persons who supported me in this


endeavor.

To my fiancé, Jayvee Ann B. Magdarag, for her unwavering support


financially, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually,

To my mother, Resie R. Mabunga, for her endless support to me in finishing


my studies and to all sorts of support since the day I was born,

To my adviser, Araceli B. Requinto, for sharing her knowledge and creative


inputs to my research paper,

To my thesis professor, Dr. Anamie R. Selencio, for sharing her expertise in


conceptualizing the topic and how to scholarly write it,

To the panel of thesis examiners,

Dr. Luz Dasmariñas, Francis Clark Adriano, Araceli Requinto, Anamie


Selencio, and Lambert Mindanao for their scholarly comments and
suggestion to improve the substance of my study,

To my friends, who gave me inspiration and moral support to finish my thesis


paper,

And to our God Almighty who never failed to hear my thoughts and burdens
and for never failing to answer all of my prayers

MMV
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preliminaries Page
Title …………………………………...………………………………….

Approval Sheet …………...……………………………………………. iii

Certification of Originality ................................................................ iv

Acknowledgement ........................................................................... v

Table of Contents ............................................................................ vi

Abstract ........................................................................................... xi

List of Tables ................................................................................... xxv

List of Figures .................................................................................. xxvii

Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


Introduction ...................................................................................... 1

Background of the Study ................................................................. 2

Theoretical Framework .................................................................... 5

Conceptual Framework .................................................................... 6

Statement of the Problem ................................................................. 7

Scope and Limitations ................................................................. 9

Significance of the Study.................................................................... 10

Definition of Terms ............................................................................ 11

Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE


Foreign Literature ............................................................................ 15

Local Literature ............................................................................... 18

Foreign Studies .............................................................................. 20

Local Studies .................................................................................. 22


Synthesis of Related Literature and Studies .................................. 24

Gap-bridged by the Study .............................................................. 25

Chapter 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Research Design ........................................................................... 27

Population, Sample Size, and Technique ..................................... 27

Description of the Respondents .................................................... 28

Instrumentation ............................................................................... 29

Data Gathering Procedure .......................................................... 30

Statistical Treatment of Data .......................................................... 30

Chapter 4 PRESENTATION ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Monthly Salary ................................................... 32

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to the Private Industry they belong ................................ 34

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to the Government Industry they belong ....................... 35

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Employment Status ........................................... 36

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Eligibility ............................................................ 37

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Giving


Advice Or Act As Consultant In Matters Relating To Tariff
And Customs Laws, And Other Laws, Rules And Regulations
Affecting In Connection With Activities Of Importation And
Exportation ..................................................................................... 38

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Preparing


Customs Requisite Documents For Import Or Export .................... 39

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Preparing


Declaration of Customs Duties and Taxes ..................................... 40
Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Preparing
And Processing Import And Export Entries And Documents
Required Under Tariff And Customs Code Of The Philippines
For Filing With The Bureau Of Customs And Other Government
Agencies ......................................................................................... 41

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Representing


Importers And Exporters Before Any Government Agency Or
Private Entity In Cases Relating To Valuation And Classification
Of Import And Export Entries ........................................................... 43

Frequency And Ranking As To Rendering Professional Services


In Mattes Relating To Customs And Tariff Laws, Procedures And
Practices .......................................................................................... 44

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Teaching


And Conducting Research ............................................................... 45

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Principles


of Customs Administration ............................................................... 46

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of The


Relationship of Customs to International Trade ............................... 47

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness Cargo Handling


and Port Operations and Law on Common Carrier .......................... 48

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Freight


Forwarding and Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier ................ 49

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Warehousing


In General ........................................................................................ 50

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Customs


Administrative Proceedings ............................................................. 51

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Forms,


Documentations, Customs Practices and Professional
Customs Broker Practices ............................................................... 52

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Ethics in


Customs Broker Profession ............................................................ 53

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Practicum 1......... 54


Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Practicum 2......... 55

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of the


Philippine Tariff System and Its Principles .................................... 56

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness Classification,


Examination, and Appraisal of Imported Articles ........................... 57

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Basis of


Dutiable Value ................................................................................ 58

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Import Taxation .. 59

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Liquidation


of Import Duties ............................................................................... 60

Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Special Duties,


Flexible Clause And Other Trade Agreements ................................. 61

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Tariff Laws


and Jurisprudence ............................................................................ 62

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Communication


Skills ................................................................................................. 64

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Analytical


Reasoning ........................................................................................ 65

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Motivation ............ 66

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Creativity ............. 66

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Independence ..... 67

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Commitment ........ 68

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Emotional


Stability ............................................................................................. 69

Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Leadership ........... 69

Suggestions to Improve BSCA Curriculum ...................................... 70


Chapter 5 SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary………………………………………………………............... 72

Findings………………………………………………………….............. 72

Conclusions…………………………………………………….............. 75

Recommendations…………………………………………….............. 76

REFERENCES........................................................................................... 79
APPENDICES

Sample Survey Questionnaire…………………………………........... 82

CURRICULUM VITAE…………………………………………………............ 87
ABSTRACT

The Problem

The study is sought to determine primarily the employment status of the

Bachelor of Science in Customs Administration of Adamson University from 2009-

2014. It also determined the relevance of the skills and competence vested under

CHED Memorandum 11-2005 and Iceberg Model if it is useful or relevant to the

respondent’s current job placement. Finally, it would also like to determine the

relevance of the BSCA major subjects in their present occupation. The study

revealed that most of the graduates are presently employed relevant to their chosen

field of specialization and the skills and competencies learned during their stay in

Adamson University are very useful in their respective jobs.

Methodology

The study applied descriptive research design. It aims to determine the

employment status and relevance of the skills and competencies in their respective

occupation of the respondents by using a survey method.

The total population of BSCA graduates from 2009-2014 was established to

be 361. The sample size was determined using Slovins formula, which resulted to

191 respondents. The researcher applied stratified random sampling method by

dividing the population into strata then using ratio and proportion to determine the

sample per strata. For the interpretation of data, the proponent of this study used

frequency, percentage distribution, and rankings.


Findings

Based on the data gathered, analyzed and interpreted, the findings are

presented below:

1. Employment Profile

1.1 Monthly Salary. It shows that out of 174 respondents, 66 or 38% of them

has a salary ranging from P15, 000 – P20, 000. 50 or 29% of them has a monthly

salary ranging from P10, 000 – P15, 000. 34 or 20% of the group was found out to

have a monthly salary ranging from P20, 000 – P30, 000. 15 respondents or 9% of

them has a monthly salary of P30, 000 and above and 9 out of 174 or 5% of the

group has a monthly salary of P5, 000 – P10,000.

1.2 Industry they belong.According to the findings, most of the respondents

are currently employed in the private and government sectors. Out of the 5

graduates who are working in the government, 2 of them or 40% are presently

employed with the Bureau of Customs. 1 or 20% is working in Department of

Science and Technology. 1 or 20% is enlisted with the Philippine Navy and finally, 1

or 20% is currently employed with the City Government of Makati. Most of the

graduates are currently employed in the private sector. Out of the 191 respondents

only 177 graduates, 33 or 18.64% of them are working in a Customs Brokerage firm,

32 or 18.08% are presently employed in Freight Forwarding Services, 23 or 12.99%

are working in the Shipping Line, 10 or 5.65% of the group are presently engaged in

a Trucking Service, 1 or 0.56% is currently teaching at a University or College, 6 of

the group or 3.39% decided to go abroad to work as an Overseas Filipino Worker,


and 38 or 21.47% are found to be working in industries such as Logistics & Supply

Chain, Marketing, Sales, Airlines, Manning, and Network Marketing.

1.3 Employment Status. Based on the findings, most of the graduates or

172 out of 191 respondents has a regular status in their respective work. 5 or 3% of

the group has temporary status, 3 or 2% are on contractual basis, 2 or 1% is self-

employed and 9 or 5% were determined to have no job or unemployed.

1.4 Eligibility. According to the results, most of the respondents already took

and passed the Customs Broker Licensure Examination. 128 or 67% are Customs

Brokers and the rest are not.

2. Relevance of skills and competencies under CHED Memorandum Order 11-

2005 in the respondent’s present job

2.1 Give advice or act as consultant in matters relating to tariff and

customs laws, rules, regulations, and other laws, and regulations affecting in

connection with activities of importation and exportation.Based on the findings,

Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this question, 58 or 31.87% said that

this competency is very useful in their present occupation. 80 or 43.96% determined

that it is useful in their current job. 21 or 11.54% find it sometimes useful, 6 or 3.30%

says it is not very useful, and 17 or 9.34% of the respondents said that it is not at all

useful in their current job.

2.2 Prepare customs requisite documents for import or export. Based on

the findings, 83 or 45.60% out of 182 respondents determined that this competency

is very useful in their present employment. 51 or 28.03% said that it is useful in their

current jobs. 17 or 9.34% of the total respondents established that it is sometimes


useful in their jobs, 5 or 2.74% of the respondents believed that it is not very useful

in their jobs, and 26 or 14.28% of them established that it is not at all useful in their

jobs.

2.3 Prepare declaration of customs duties and taxes. According to the 182

respondents, 75 or 41.21% find this very useful in their jobs. 47 or 25.82% said that

it is useful. 26 or 14.28% believed that it is sometimes useful, 6 or 3.30% answered

that it is not very useful, and the remaining 28 or 15.38% believed that it is not at all

useful in their respective jobs.

2.4 Prepare and process import and export entries and documents

required under Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines (TCCP) for filing

with the Bureau of Customs and other government agencies. Based on the

findings, 59 or 32.42% out of 182 respondents determined that it is very useful in

their jobs, 68 or 37.36% of the respondents believed that it is useful in their

occupation, 20 or 10.99% of them said that it is sometimes useful in their jobs, 7 or

3.85% said that it is not very useful and 15.38% or 28 out of 182 respondents

determined that it is not at all useful in their jobs.

2.5 Represent importers and exporters before any government agency

or private entity in cases relating to valuation and classification of import and

export articles. According to the findings, 63 or 34.62 out of 182 respondents

determined that this competency is very useful in their current jobs, 62 or 34.07%

said that it is useful in their present occupation, 21 or 11.54% believed that it is

sometimes useful, 7 or 3.85% established that is it not very useful in their jobs and

29 or 15.93% of the respondents determined that is it not at all useful in their jobs.
2.6 Render professional services in matters relating to customs and

tariff laws, procedures and practices. Based on the 182 out of 191 respondents,

63 or 34.62% of the respondents believed that this competency is very useful in their

present occupation, 62 or 34.07% of them said that it is useful in their jobs, 21 or

11.54% determined that it is sometimes useful, 5.49% or 10 respondents

established that it is not very useful in their jobs and 26 or 14.29% said that it is not

at all useful in their jobs.

2.7 Teach or conduct researches. According to the results, 51 or 28.02%

out of 182 respondents believed that this competency is very useful in their current

jobs. 56 or 30.77% determined that it is useful in the respective work designation, 26

or 14.29% of them said that it is sometimes useful, 24 or 13.19% believed that it is

not very useful and the rest, which is 24 or 13.19% said that it is not at all useful in

their present occupation.

3. Relevance of the BSCA major subjects in their present occupation.

3.1 Principles of Customs Administration.Based on the findings, most of

the respondents find this subject useful in their respective jobs. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this query. 39.56% or 72 graduates find it useful

in their respective occupation. 71 or 39.01% established that it is very useful. 21 or

11.54% said that it is not at all useful. 6.59% or 12 respondents believed that it is

sometimes useful in their jobs and the rest, which is 3.30% or 6 graduates,

determined that it is not very useful in their jobs.


3.2 The Relationship of Customs To International Trade. According to the

findings, most of the graduates find this subject very useful in their respective

occupation. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this question.

79 or 43.41% believed that this is very useful in their jobs. 72 or 39.56% said that it

is useful. 21 or 11.54% find it not at all useful. 5 or 2.75% of the whole group

believed that it is sometimes useful and another set of 5 respondents find it not very

useful in their present job designations.

3.3 Cargo Handling and Port Operations And Law On Common Carriers.

Based on the findings, majority of the graduates find this subject matter very useful

in their jobs. Out of 191 respondents only 182 answered to this question wherein 90

or 49.45% determined that this is very useful in their current jobs. 31.87% or 58

respondents find it useful. 10.99% or 20 graduates determined that it is not at all

useful in their jobs. 3.85% or 7 graduates established that this is sometimes useful

and another set of 7 respondents determined that it is not at all useful.

3.4 Freight Forwarding And Non Vessel Operation Common Carrier.

According to the findings, majority of the respondents find this very useful in their

current employment. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 93

or 51.10% believed that this is very useful in their current jobs. 52 or 28.57%

determined that this is useful in their offices. 22 or 12.09% established that this is not

at all useful. 11 respondents or 6.04% answered that it is sometimes useful and 4 ot

of 181 respondents or 2.20% said that the subject matter is not very useful in their

jobs.
3.5 Warehousing in General.Based on the findings, 182 out of 191

respondents answered to this question. 65 or 35.71% believed that this topic is very

useful in their present jobs. 26.92% or 49 graduates said that it useful. 30 or 16.48%

find it sometimes useful. 25 or 13.74% of them believed that it is not all useful and

13 graduates or 7.14% said that it is not very useful in their respective jobs.

3.6 Customs Administrative Proceedings. According to the findings, 65 out

of 182 respondents believed that this subject matter is useful in their current jobs. 60

or 32.97% established that this is very useful in their jobs. 28 or 15.38% said that it

is not at all useful. 16 respondents or 8.79% determined that it is sometimes useful

in their jobs and finally 13 out of 182 graduates said that it is not very useful in their

current work.

3.7 Forms, Documentations, Customs Procedures and Practices and

Professional Customs Broker Practice. Most of the respondents find this subject

very useful in their current work. Majority, i.e. 90 or 49.45%, believed that it is very

useful, 53 or 29,12% said that it is useful, 25 or 13.74% established that it is not at

all useful, 5.49% or 10 respondents find it sometimes useful and the remaining

2.20% or 4 out of 182 respondents believed that this topic is not very useful in their

occupation.

3.8 Ethics in Customs Broker Profession.According to the investigation,

majority of the respondents find this subject very useful in their respective

designations. Out of 191 graduates, only 182 respondents answered to this

question. 81 or 44.51% determined that it is very useful in their jobs, 28.57% or 52

graduates find it useful, 10.99% or 20 students established that it is not at all useful
in their jobs, 17 graduates or 9.34% said that it is sometimes useful in their current

work and the remaining 12 respondents or 6.59% said that it is not at all useful in

their present jobs.

3.9 Practicum 1. Based on the findings, majority of the graduates find this

subject useful in their current jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 181 graduates

respond to this survey. 73 or 40.44% determined that this is very useful, 34.81% or

63 graduates said it is useful, 12.71% or 23 respondents believed that it is not at all

useful, 14 or 7.73% of the group established that it is sometimes useful and the

remaining 4.42% or 8 graduates said that it is not very useful in their daily jobs.

3.10 Practicum 2. According to the findings, majority of the graduates

determined that this topic is very useful in their current jobs. Out of 191 respondents,

only 181 answered to this survey. 73 or 40.33% believed that it is very useful, 63 or

34.81% said that it is useful, 23 or 12.71 find it not at all useful, 12 or 6.63%

established that it is sometimes useful and the remaining 10 or 5.52% said that it is

not very useful.

3.11 The Philippine Tariff System and Its Principles. According to the

investigation, most of the graduates find this topic very useful in their daily jobs. Out

of 191 respondents, only 181 answered to this question. 81 or 44.75% said that it is

very useful, 53 or 29.28% determined that it is useful in their jobs, 13.26% or 24

respondents find it not at all useful, 15 or 8.29% established that it is sometimes

useful and the remaining 8 out of 182 respondents find it not very useful in the

present occupation.
3.12 Classification, Examination and Appraisal of Imported Articles.

Based on the results, most of the graduates determined that it is very useful in their

current jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 77 or

42.31% determined that it is very useful in their jobs, 30.22% or 55 graduates

believed that it is useful in the present occupation, 24 or 13.19% established that it is

not at all useful, 8.24% or 15 graduates find it sometimes useful and the remaining

11 or 6.04% said that it is not very useful in their jobs.

3.13 Basis of Dutiable Value. According to the results of the investigation,

majority of the respondents find this topic very useful in their current jobs. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 77 or 42.31% said that it is very

useful in their jobs, 56 or 30.77% determined that it is useful, 13.19% or 24

graduates said that it is not at all useful, 10.44% or 19 respondents find it sometimes

useful and the remaining 3.30% or 6 graduates established that it is not very useful.

3.14 Import Taxation. According to the findings, majority of the graduates

responded that this topic is very useful in their present employment. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 71 or 39.01% determined that it is

very useful, 61 or 33.52% find it useful, 13.19% or 24 graduates established it at not

at all useful, 10.99% or 20 graduates find it sometimes useful and the remaining

3.30% or 6 graduates determined it as not very useful.

3.15 Liquidation of Import Duties.Based on the findings, majority of the

graduates find this subject very useful in the respective jobs. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this survey. 76 or 41.76% believed that this is

very useful, 29.12% or 53 answered that this is useful in their jobs, 14.29% or 26
respondents determined that this is not at all useful, 12.64% 23 find it sometimes

useful and the remaining 2.20% or 4 out of 182 respondents determined that it is not

very useful in the present occupation.

3.16 Special Duties, Flexible Clause and other Trade Agreements.

According to the findings, most of the respondents find this subject very useful in

their present employment. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this

survey. 36.81% or 67 believed that it is very useful in their current jobs. 29.12% or

53 graduates said that it is useful, 15.38% or 28 respondents find it not at all useful,

20 or 10.99% determined that it is sometimes useful and the remaining 7.69% or 14

respondents said that it is not very useful in their present jobs.

3.17 Tariff Laws and Jurisprudence. Most of the graduates find this subject

very useful in their present jobs. Based on the findings, 71 (39.01%) or 182

respondents out 191 graduates, believed that this is very useful in their present jobs.

30.77% or 56 graduates said that it is useful, 13.74% or 25 respondents find it not at

all useful, 6.59% or 12 graduates established that it is sometimes useful and the

remaining 9.89% or 18 respondents said that it is not very useful in their present

jobs.

4. Soft Skills Based on the Iceberg Model

4.1 Communication Skills. Based on the findings, majority of the students

determined that this competency, which they have learned in during their stay in

Adamson University, is very useful in their present occupation. Out of 191

graduates, only 182 respondents answered this survey question. 144 or 79.56% find

this very useful in their present occupation. 36 or 19.89% established that it is useful
in their jobs, and only 0.55% or 1 out of 182 fined it sometimes useful in their

respective jobs.

4.2 Analytical Reasoning. According to the findings, most of the

respondents’ find this competency, which they have learned during they stay in

Adamson University, very useful in their present job. Out of 191 respondents, only

182 answered this question. 121 or 66.48% find it very useful in their jobs while 57

or 31.87% determined that it is useful in their current job and the remaining 1.65%

established that it is sometimes useful.

4.3 Motivation. According to the investigation, majority of the graduates

determined that this competency, learned during their stay in Adamson University, is

very useful in their present occupation. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered

to this survey question. 67.58% or 123 graduates find it very useful while 27.47% or

50 of them established that it is useful in their present occupation. 8 out of 182

respondents say that it is sometimes useful and the remaining 1 or 0.55% find it not

at all useful.

4.4 Creativity. Based on the findings, majority of the group respondents find

this competency, which they have learned in Adamson University, very useful in their

present jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 54.40%

or 99 graduates find it very useful in their current jobs, 37.36% or 68 respondents

established that it is useful, 6.04% or 11 graduates find it sometimes useful and the

remaining 2.20% or 4 respondents determined that it is not at all useful in their

current jobs.
4.5 Independence. According to the findings, most of the graduates find this

competency, which they learned from Adamson University, very useful in their

present jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered this question.

70.88% or 129 graduates determined that this is very useful in their current jobs, 47

or 25.85% find it useful, 3 graduates or 1.65% established that it is sometimes

useful, and finally, the remaining 3 or 1.65% determined that is it not at all useful.

4.6 Commitment. Based on the findings, majority of the graduates find this

competency, which they gained from Adamson University, very useful in their

respective occupation. Out of 191 respondents, only 181 graduates responded to

this question. 75.27% or 137 respondents believed that it is very useful in their

current work. 22.53% or 41 graduates said that it is useful and the remaining 2.20%

or 4 respondents determined that it is sometimes useful.

4.7 Emotional Stability. According to the investigation, most of the

graduates determined that this competency, which they have learned from Adamson

University, is very useful in their present jobs. Out of 191 graduates, only 182

answered to this question. 116 or 63.74% find this competency very useful in their

jobs, 31.87% or 58 respondents believed that it is useful and the remaining 4.40% or

8 graduates answered that it is sometimes useful in their occupation.

4.8 Leadership. Based on the findings, most of the graduates find this

competency, which they have learned from Adamson University, very useful in their

present occupation. 71.82% or 130 graduates find it very useful in their present jobs,

26.52% or 48 graduates determine that it is useful while the remaining 1.66% or 3

respondents out of 182 established that it is sometimes useful in their jobs. Another
suggestion is to include trainings or subjects for SAP (System and Analysis) in the

curriculum because they find it, based on their experience, essential for a graduate

to have.

4. Suggestion to Improve The BSCA Curriculum

Based on the findings, there were suggestions coming from the respondents

to improve the BSCA curriculum. One of them is to have an increase in the training

hours for OJT. Also, they suggest that minor subjects should be delisted from the

current curriculum especially accounting subjects, which they find irrelevant or not

useful in their present jobs.


LIST OF TABLES

Table No Description Page

1 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Monthly Salary .......................................... 32

2 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to the Private Industry they Belong ....................... 34

3 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to the Government Industry they Belong .............. 35

4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Employment Status .................................. 36

5 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents


According to their Eligibility .................................................... 37

6 Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Giving


Advice Or Act As Consultant In Matters Relating To Tariff
And Customs Laws, And Other Laws, Rules And
RegulationsAffecting In Connection With Activities Of
Importation AndExportation................................................... 38

7 Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Preparing


Customs Requisite Documents For Import Or Export............ 39

8 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Preparing


Declaration of Customs Duties and Taxes............................. 40

9 Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Preparing


And Processing Import And Export Entries And Documents
Required Under Tariff And Customs Code Of The Philippines
For Filing With The Bureau Of Customs And Other
GovernmentAgencies............................................................. 41

10 Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Representing


Importers And Exporters Before Any Government Agency Or
Private Entity In Cases Relating To Valuation And
Classification Of Import And Export Entries............................. 43

11 Frequency And Ranking As To Rendering Professional Services


In Mattes Relating To Customs And Tariff Laws, Procedures And
Practices .................................................................................. 44
12 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Teaching
and conducting Research ......................................................... 45

13 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Principles


of Customs Administration ....................................................... 46

14 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of The


Relationship of Customs to International Trade ....................... 47

15 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness Cargo Handling


and Port Operations and Law on Common Carrier .................. 48

16 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Freight


Forwarding and Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier ........ 49

17 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Warehousing


in General ................................................................................ 50

18 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Customs


Administrative Proceedings ..................................................... 51

19 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Forms,


Documentations, Customs Practices and Professional
Customs Broker Practices ....................................................... 52

20 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Ethics in


Customs Broker Profession ..................................................... 53

21 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Practicum 1.. 54

22 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Practicum 2.. 55

23 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of the


Philippine Tariff System and Its Principles ............................... 56

24 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness Classification,


Examination, and Appraisal of Imported Articles ..................... 57

25 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Basis of


Dutiable Value ......................................................................... 58

26 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Import Taxation59

27 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Liquidation


of Import Duties ....................................................................... 60
28 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Special Duties,
Flexible Clause and other Trade Agreements ............................. 61

29 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Tariff Laws


and Jurisprudence ....................................................................... 62

30 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Communication


Skills ............................................................................................ 64

31 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Analytical


Reasoning ................................................................................... 65

32 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Motivation........66

33 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Creativity.......... 66

34 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Independence...67

35 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Commitment..... 68

36 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Emotional


Stability ......................................................................................... 69

37 Frequency and Ranking as to the Usefulness of Leadership ....... 69

38 Frequency and Ranking of the Suggestions to Improve


BSCA Curriculum …………………………………………………….70
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure Description Page

1 Gross Monthly Salary 32

2 Private Industry they Belong 34

3 Government Industry they Belong 35

4 Employment Status 36

5 Eligibility of BSCA Graduates 37


1
Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction

Unemployment and underemployment has been a huge complication in the

Philippines nowadays. These is due to the fact that most of the Filipinos failed to

obtain a diploma, or if they acquire such, are found to be incompetent due to lack of

skills and relevant experience. This problem can also be caused by the rigid

competition amongst people who share the same industry or jobs that do not match

theirs skills acquired during college days. Being cognizant of these implications, job

seekers, especially fresh graduates, will apply for a job irrelevant to them and end up

underemployed compromising desired work ambience and wages.

Cardoso, Escaria, Ferreira, Madruga, Raimundo, & Varanda (2014) posited

that employability is a concept which refers to the quality and possibility of being

employed or self-employed and being such serves as a framework in alleviating his

position in the society and achieve one’s dream. To be in the state of being

employed or self-employed, one must possess education because it plays an

important role for a person to be in such state. This is being facilitated by higher

education institutions which mechanizes the framework for attaining quality

education thru development of course syllabus and conducting tracer studies to

assess and evaluate whether the course program is efficient and effective and if the

skills offered by them are sufficient and enough for their graduates to land a job.

In the Philippines, Adamson University is one of the premiere institution that

offers the course Bachelor of Science in Customs Administration with the aim of
2
producing future Vincentian Customs Broker, logistics and shipping officer,

employees of the Bureau of Customs, and Customs Brokerage entrepreneurs. The

said course is designed to provide students with sufficient knowledge with tariff and

customs laws, international trade facilitation, and skills in computation of import tax

as well as duties and other charges. The program also aims to produce graduates

with the teachings and principles of St. Vincent de Paul as well as graduates with the

highest norm of ethical standards.

This study aims to trace the current employment status of the BSCA

graduates of Adamson University from 2009 to 2014 and provide information to

future graduates concerning employability of customs administration graduates of

Adamson University. Also, this research paper would also like to provide feedback to

the aforementioned institutionregarding the performance of their graduates in their

field of profession. Finally, this will also trace the skills and competencies embodied

under Republic Act 9280 or the Customs Brokers Act of 2004 and soft skills the

under Iceberg Model.

Background of the study

Unemployment and underemployment rate is perceived to continuously rise

every year. Cabegin, Dacuycuy, and Alba (2009) demonstrated that there was a

deficiency on the improvement in open unemployment from 1990-1997 that

demonstrated a rate of 5% open unemployment in 1997 to 6.2% in 2000, and 6.8%

in 2003 and 7.4% in 2006, which makes 2.7 million Filipinos who are looking for a

job but could not find work during 2006. Cabegin et. Al (2009) also posited that 18.7%

were underemployed in 1991 which declined to 17.8% in 1997 but rose again to 19.8%
3
in 2006 which translates to an estimated 7.1 million Filipino workers who are

underemployed adding to the 3.2 million unemployed brings the total underutilized

labor force to 10.4 million in 2006. According to the Labor Force Survey conducted

by the Philippine Statistics Authority, underemployment rate declines from 18.7% in

October 2014 to 17.7% October 2015 and unemployment rate of 6.0% in October

2014 to 5.6% in October 2015.

The Bachelor of Science in Customs Administration, a four-year degree

program under the auspices of the College of Business Administration of Adamson

University, aims to produce future Vincentian Customs Brokers, Logistics Officers,

Import-Export Managers, and Customs Brokerage Proprietors. It provides students

with theoretical and actual application of the current Tariff and Customs laws of the

Philippines as well as practical computation of customs duties, taxes, as well as

excise taxes to prepare them in representing their clients upon the Bureau of

Customs.

The course program focuses mainly on tariff and customs laws, accounting,

business, and business law subjects which can be applied by the students once they

get outside the four corners of the University.

The program started way back in 2006 with only one (1) block section

consisting of approximately twenty (20) to thirty (30) students from the Accountancy

Department of the said University and had its first batch of graduates in 2009.

The BSCA program was re-engineered under CHED Memorandum Order No.

11-2005 with the intention of strengthening the commitment of the Philippines to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) as one of its members and to expedite export
4
growth and trade facilitation. Along with this, Adamson University decided to

alleviate the program and form its own office under the College of Business

Administration.

Since 2010, the production of BSCA graduates of Adamson University grew

from thirty (30), to eighty (80) students and now, almost one hundred (100) students

finishes the program every year. The numbers of enrollees are significantly rising

from forty (40) to one hundred (100) students per annum. This continuous growth of

enrollment is perceived to be the expansion of the import and export industries in the

country and the positive performance of the institution in terms of Customs Brokers

Licensure Examination.

According to Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Memorandum Order

No. 11 Series of 2005, a graduate of the said program may be employed as a

declarant, Bureau of Customs Employee, Air and Sea Cargo Handling

Documentation Clerk, and College Instructor. These designations usually require

that graduates must have among others, be a licensed customs broker and have at

least two (2) to three (3) years working experience in the relative field.

The said issuance also laid down the expected competencies that a BSCA

graduate should acquire. First is to give advice or act as consultant in matters

pertaining to tariff and customs laws, rules, and regulation, and other laws, rules and

regulation affecting or in connection with the activities f importation and exportation.

Second is to prepare the documents required by the Bureau of Customs relating to

import and export. Third is to prepare the declaration of customs duties and taxes.

Fourth is to have knowledge in the preparation and processing of import entries


5
required under the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines (TCCP) for filing with

the Bureau of Customs and other government agencies. Fifth is, to be competent, a

BSCA graduate must represent importers and exporters before any government

agency or private entity in cases relating to valuation and classification of import and

export articles. Sixth is to render professional services in matter relating to customs

and tariff laws, procedures and practices, and seventh, is to teach or conduct

research.

The scope of the practice of Customs Broker is laid down under Sec. 6 of

Republic Act 9280 which includes consultation, preparation of customs requisite

document for import and exports; declaration of customs duties and taxes,

preparation, signing, filling, lodging and processing of import and export entries;

representing importers and exporters before any government agency and private

entities in cases related to valuation and classification of imported articles and

rendering of other professional services in matters relating to customs and tariff laws

its procedures and practices.

Theoretical Framework

The researcher used the General Theory of Employment by John Maynard

Keynes to support this study. Keynes argued that employment is determined by

aggregate demand rather than the price of labor; thus, economies should not expect

to automatically restore equilibrium after a temporary shock. In the Neoclassical

Theory of Employment, which Keynes disagreed, argues that wages would decrease

to a point where it will automatically restore equilibrium. Keynes disagreed this

proposition since its effect will result into prolonged underemployment because
6
workforce will be forced to work for a lower wage. Keynes believed that activist

government policy should be used to stimulate levels of demand and therefore boost

employment.

The researcher also used the Iceberg Model discussed by Dr. Luz

Dasmarinas to support this study. The model explains that an iceberg has just one-

ninth of its volume above water and the rest remains beneath the surface in the sea.

Relevant to employment, the model showcases that competency has also

components which are visible such as knowledge and skills however, there are

behavioral components like attitude, traits, thinking styles, self-image, organizational

fit, etc. which is hidden beneath the surface of an iceberg. The proponent of the

model also mentioned that Skills are subdivided into two groups. First is a hard skill,

which comprises knowledge and skills and second is soft skills, which focuses on

attitude, values, and traits.

Conceptual Framework

The conceptual framework of this study were based on the General Theory of

Employment, which discusses that employment or employability is driven by

aggregate demand rather than the price of labor, and Iceberg Model which divulges

on skills and competencies needed by a graduate to land a job. The concept draws

a direct line between skills/competencies and employment/employability. To obtain a

job, a graduate must have a set of skills and competenciesrequired by the

employers for them to have a job. Commission on Higher Education and Adamson

University plays a vital role in developing these skills/competencies to their

graduates by providing a course curriculum in line with the needs of industries they
7
deal with. Now, to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of the course program

formulated, it is imperative that HEI’s should trace the whereabouts of their

graduates particularly if they are employed and moreover, if they utilized the skills

and competencies, that they have learned during their college days,in their

respective jobs. The results of tracing their graduates will be an indication if the

course curricula is effective in terms of producing graduates that are employable and

if the competencies and skills learned are being applied in their jobs, if not, it will be

an eye opener be a source of feedback for HEI’s to look into their curriculum and do

improve it.

Statement of the Problem

This study will trace the employment status of the graduates of BSCA

program in Adamson University from 2009-2014 and the relevance of their studies

and skills acquired during their academic year. Specifically, the study will answer the

following questions:

1. What is the Employment profile of the BS Customs Administration

graduates from 2009 – 2014 in terms of:

1.1 Monthly/Annual Gross Salary

1.2 Industry they belong

1.3 Employment status

1.4 Eligibility

2. What are the skills/competencies under CHED Memorandum Order 11-

2005, which were utilized by Customs Administration graduates in their jobs?


8
2.1 Give advice or act as consultant in matters relating to tariff and

customs laws, rules and regulations, and other laws, rules and

regulations affecting or in connection with activities of importation and

exportation

2.2 Preparation of customs requisite documents for imports and

exports

2.3 Declaration of customs duties and taxes

2.4 Preparation signing, filing, lodging and processing of import and

export entries

2.5 Representing importers and exporters before any government

agency or private entity in cases relating to valuation and classification

of import and export articles

3. How relevant are the BSCA subjects in their present employment?

3.1 Principles of Customs Administration

3.2 The Relationship of Customs Administration to International Trade

3.3 Cargo Handling and Port Operations and Law on Common Carrier

3.4 Freight Forwarding and Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier

3.5 Warehousing in General

3.6 Customs Administrative Proceedings

3.7 Forms, Documentations, Customs Procedures & Practices and

Professional Customs Broker Services

3.8 Ethics in Customs Broker Profession

3.9 Practicum 1
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3.10 Practicum 2

3.11 The Philippine Tariff System and Its Principles

3.12 Classification, Examination, & Appraisal

3.13 Basis of Dutiable Value

3.14 Import Taxation

3.15 Liquidation of Import Duties

3.16 Special Duties, Flexible Clause and Other Trade Agreements

3.17 Tariff Laws and Jurisprudence

4. What are the skills and competencies, under the Iceberg Model, that they

have learned in Adamson University, which is relevant to their present job?

4.1 Communication Skills

4.2 Analytical Reasoning

4.3 Motivation

4.4 Creativity

4.5 Independence

4.6 Commitment

4.7 Emotional Stability

4.8 Leadership

5. What are the suggestions to improve the BSCA curriculum?

Scope and Limitation of Study

The study extends and demarcates to the graduates of BS-Customs

Administration of Adamson University from 2009-2014. There are four (4) areas

where the study focuses namely: Employment profile; Skills/competencies acquired;


10
the relevance of the BSCA curriculum on the current job of the customs

administration graduates; and the suggestions to improve the BSCA curriculum.

Significance of the Study

This study focused on the employability of the BSCA graduates of Adamson

University from 2009 – 2014. It is deemed to be significant to the following:

Commission on Higher Education (CHED),as the primary agency of the

government which is tasked to oversee the tertiary education of the country,they will

benefit in this study particularly in modifying and enhancing the curriculum for BS

Customs Administration.

Administrators of Adamson University, as the primary beneficiary of this study, it

will help in re-tooling the course syllabus of the BSCA program in order to adapt to

the changes in the field of the customs administration industry, logistics and supply

chain management.

Faculty members of the Customs Administration Department of Adamson

University,as mentors to the students, this study will also benefit them by enhancing

and updating their knowledge and skills to cope up with new trends in the import and

export industry.

Students taking up BSCA,they will also profit from this study by giving them

information about future jobs after graduating, with or without their license, and

encourage them to continue the BSCA program despite of the issues pertaining

tothe Customs Modernization and Tariff Act. It will also be a catalyst of

encouragement to them since it will showcase the employability and marketability of

the graduates of this program.


11
Future researchers, this study my serve as basis for further research by customs

brokers taking up MCA and other researchers on the related areas or aspects of

their research particularly in logistics and supply chain management.

Definition of Terms

For better understanding, the researchers provided the definition of some

several terms that were operationally used in this study.

Adamson University – An institution run by Vincentian brothers and sisters located

in San Marcelino St. Ermita, Manila which offers various courses such as Bachelor

of Science in Customs Administration.

Bureau of Customs – It refers to a Philippine Government Agency under the

Department of Finance. The responsibilities of the agency include revenue collection

and assessment, stopping illegal trade and other forms of customs fraud, and

devising and managing customs management system for trade facilitation.

Bachelor of Science in Customs Administration - a four-year college degree

course for individuals who wish to pursue a career in custom brokerage or in the

field of transportation and supply chain management. The program is designed to

produce customs brokers, freight forwarders, logistics managers, export-import

managers and government customs officers and employees.

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)–In this study, it refers not only to industries

such as call centers, but, it also refers to industries directly related to BSCA

graduates such as inspection, testing, and compliance industries (e.g. SGS, Webb

Fontaine Asia, Cotecna, etc.) which is relevant to the field of Customs Administration.
12
Commission on Higher Education (CHED) – it refers to a body attached under

the Office of the President that covers both private and public higher educational

institutions.It covers degree-granting programs in all post-secondary educational

institutions in the country.

Competencies – refers to measurable or observable knowledge, skills, abilities, and

behaviors critical to successful job performance.

Customs Brokerage – It refers to a profession that involves the “clearing” of goods

through customs barriers for importers and exporters (usually businesses). This

involves the preparation of documents and/or electronic submissions, the calculation

and payment of duties, taxes, and excises, and facilitating communication between

government agencies and importers and exporters.

Employee – An individual who works part-time or full-time under a contract of

employment, whether oral or written, express or implied, and has recognized rights

and duties. Also called worker.

Employer – A legal entity that controls and directs a servant or worker under an

express or implied contract of employment and pays (or s obligated to pay) him or

her salary or wages in compensation.

Employment – is a relationship between two parties, usually based on contract

where work is paid for, where one is the employer, and the other one is employee.

Experience – is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through

involvement in or exposure of it.


13
Extra-Curricular Activity – or Extra Academic Activity (EAA) are those fall

outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education,

performed by students.

Freight Forwarder–is a person or company that organizes shipment for individuals

or corporations to get goods from the manufacturer or producer to a market,

customer or final point of distribution.

Graduates – In this study, it refers to the Bachelor of Science in Customs

Administration of Adamson University who have finished the said program and

obtained a diploma.

On-The-Job (OJT) training – is a form of training, taking place in a normal working

situation. In addition to their wages, they often receive benefits like subsidized health

care, paid vacations, holidays, sick time, or contributions to a retirement plan.

Permanent Employment – regular employees or the directly employed work for an

employer and are paid directly by that employer.

Salary–refers to a periodic payment from an employer to an employee that may be

specified in an employment contract.

Seminar – is a form of academic instruction, either at an academic institution or

offered by a commercial or professional organization.

Shipping Lines – is a business that transports cargo aboard ships.

Skills – is the learned ability to carry out a task with pre-determined results often

within a given amount of time, energy, or both. In other words, the abilities that one

possesses.
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Traceability–In this study, it refers to the tracing of the employment status of the

BSCA graduates of Adamson University from 2009-2014 as well as the relevant

skills and competencies vested under CHED memorandum order 11-2005 and soft

skills under Iceberg Model.

Tracer Study – Tracer studies or graduate surveys describe a standard survey (in

written form) of graduates from higher education institutions, which takes place

some time after graduation, usually two years.

Training – refers to teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and

knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies. It has specific goals of

improving one’s capability, capacity, productivity, and performance.

Unemployment – Occurs when people who are without work are actively seeking

work. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and

it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by

all individuals currently in the labor force.

Underemployment - Refers to an employment situation that is insufficient in some

important way for the worker, relative to a standard.


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Chapter 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter presents the related literature and studies to provide a

background on the tracer studies conducted and unemployment status in the

Philippines.

The presentation of reviewed literature and studies strictly adhered to the

prescribed format of the school in which foreign and local sources and references

were clustered together in one topic. A synthesis was provided after presentation of

the literature and researches reviewed.

Review of Related Literature

Foreign

Tracer Study or Graduate Survey is an approach utilized by Higher

Educational Institutions (HEIs) to track the whereabouts and employment status of

their graduates. This is being done primarily to assess or evaluate the effectiveness

and efficiency of the course curricula, faculty and teaching instruction, values,

knowledge, and skills provided by the HEI. In addition to this, (Ralf Lange, 2001)

described tracer studies as a simple tool which is used to ascertain the relevance of

the training program as well as for planning and monitoring purposes of course

curricula.

The rationale for conducting tracer studies were discussed by University of

Namibia, which includes tracing what happened to the graduates after they have

completed their studies, find out if they are employed, self-employed, or whether

they are still on the course of finding a job, know if their studies prepare them well for
16
the workplace, find out if the graduates applied the knowledge and skills they have

learned during their studies, and for purposes of having feedback on the graduates

in order for them to improve the quality of the study programs and revise, if

necessary, the course curricular.

(Lange, 2001) discussed the four (4) key questions that a tracer study should

answer. First, what is the effect of the training offered? Does the graduates or the

trainees found a job after graduation? And why do they fail to have a job. Second is,

up to what extent do they apply the training and skills obtained from HEIs and what

competencies they identify to be lacking. Third is, should the HEIs conduct further

training and other post training support to promote employment of their graduates?

And, fourth, tracer studies should answer if there is a need for the curricula to be

revised.

(John Jacca, 1995) posited that one of the advantages of conducting tracer

studies is that it provides up-to-date information concerning their graduates, their

whereabouts and more importantly, if they are currently employed. It is important to

that HEIs should determine if their graduates are employed since it will indicate that

the effectiveness and efficiency of the course program that they are offering. He also

added that doing consecutive tracer study could serve as basis for effectiveness of

the course program as well as the institution itself. He also presented that the

primary disadvantage of doing this study is that there is a low questionnaire coming

from the respondents that greatly affects data collection. Relative to the latter, (Lutz

Heidemann, 2011) presented an assumption that only successful graduates respond

to tracer form, thus he reasons that graduate tracer studies cannot be


17
representative.It will also be a reason for inaccuracy of the survey results and be

biased towards results since only successful, therefore employed graduates, are

responding to the survey questionnaire.

In today’s economic situation, it is insufficient for a graduate to just know

about the context of a book. It is imperative that one must have mastered, if not,

comprehend, the skills needed for a job placement in order to establish one’s value

as a potential employee.Unemployment, nowadays, can be defined as a plague that

is wide spreading across countries where the symptoms are incompetence, lack of

eligibility, population growth, unavailable jobs, and labor-mismatch. (Shujaat

Farooq,2011) established that there is an existing labor mismatch in Pakistan.

Results states that about one-third of their graduates are mismatched either in over-

education or in under-education category and about one-fourth of their graduates

are mismatched in qualification; about half of them are over-qualified and the half

are under qualified. They also concluded that most of their graduates are employed

but is irrelevant to their field of specialization.

In order to combat unemployment and attain a higher degree of

“employability”, employees should be willing to take a higher degree of responsibility

for their careers and each individual should have the obligation to sustain his or her

capability and competence in order to be employable (Johansson & Tengblad, 2007).

This means that aside from obtaining a diploma after graduation, graduates should

keep themselves abreast with the changes and new trends in their respective field of

specialization by attending trainings and seminars conducted by various


18
organizations in order for them to be competent and establish their edge over

competitors.

Local

In the local setting, (Gines, 2014) described tracer studies as a power tool

that documents the employment characteristics, transition to employment and the

level of satisfaction in terms of University service, learning and facilities. Other

objectives, relative to the latter, for conducting tracer studies were to determine if the

graduates undergo trainings and professional exam as well as advance studies after

graduating [Gicana, Sapul, & Penetrante, (2006)]. (Levy Verona, 2011) mentioned

that tracer studies are being done to provide a significant feedback to their

respective curriculum and reconnect the graduates to their alma mater.It will serve

as a bridge that will enable the graduates to tell their alma mater what is lacking

primarily on the services they have offered to them as well as the insufficiencies, if it

was established, on the respective course curriculum that makes them incompetent,

therefore unemployable.

Unemployment has been a major crisis in the Philippines ever since. (Faith

Cacnio, 2012) argued that high unemployment rate is one of the main challenges in

the Philippine economy. During 2011, the Philippines have the highest

unemployment rate, i.e. 7.0%, compared to neighboring Southeast Asian countries

(i.e. Indonesia, 6.7%; Malaysia, 3.1%; Thailand, 1.0%; and Singapore, 1.9%).It is the

reason that many Filipinos are still below the poverty line and yet, the government

was not able to do something about it. In relation to this line of thought, (Jasa, Jasa,

& Corpuz. 2013) cited that there is an existing labor and skills mismatch in our
19
country, which leads to high employment rate. This is due to the fact that our

graduates do not have adequate skills to match the requirements of a particular

job.Relative to this issue, a job seeker, which cannot find a job relative to the skills,

and competencies he has will end up unemployed earning salaries analogous to

what he or she is supposed to be earning or worst, he will not be employed due to

lack of jobs available.

It was explained that education nowadays should exceed the academic

sphere (CHED & Arcelo, 2007) and it should focus in providing adequate skills,

knowledge, and values that will enable graduates to advance in their social,

economic, political, and spiritual well-being. The educational attainment of a person

will greatly reflect on the career and the job that he will pursue (Jasa, et. al, 2013).

This is and important factor to achieve a job since most of employers nowadays

requires prospective employees to be well educated (Verona, 2005).

Students, particularly graduates of any course, are required to earn a sense

of competence in their chosen field and develop confidence to explore new

possibilities and new employment specially that there is increasing competition

among rivals at work [Balingbing 2014 (as cited in Mathed, 2008)].

As graduates of higher educational institutions, they must show the world that

job-hunting is not a problem. At present, competition in the business or corporate

world is so stiff because of the increasing demand of the market. Only few are

employed which proves that these lucky applicants are the best among others.

Relatively, one, particularly a graduate of Information Technology, must possess


20
competency among the three domains like, knowledge, skills and attitudes

required by the specific job. (Balingbing, 2014)

Review of Related Studies

Foreign

Chorvy Vhong, “Tracer Study 2014 Graduates of 2012” The primary objective

of this study was to find out the employment status of the graduates of Royal

University of Phnom Pehn. It also sought to find out on what relevant skills did their

graduates applied on their present job and how gender issues affect the employment

and career development of their graduates. The study intents to establish a

continuing evaluation process of the University performance and the findings of the

study helped RUPP identify its Expected Learning Outcomes (ELOs). The research

applied stratified random sampling for their sampling technique that lead to 570

samples size. Results shows that 84.6% of the total 932 graduates of their

graduates landed a job in a span of 12 months and the rest are either enrolled in a

graduate school or are still in the state of job hunting. The researcher concluded that

their graduates have many employment opportunities after graduating even if they

have minimal or no experience prior to employment. The study also found out that

aside from professional knowledge and skills that the graduates apply in their

respective jobs, employers have a strong demand for soft skills such as sense of

responsibility, confidence, reliability, problem-solving, initiative, willingness to learn,

ability to work under pressure, etc.

U Kyaw Kyaw, “A Tracer Study of Recent Graduates: Implications for

Education and Manpower Planning”. This paper sought to study the employment
21
status of secondary and post-secondary graduates of the Myanmar as well as

successful trainees of private skill courses. It also aims to strengthen the education

and manpower-training program of Myanmar. The researcher used descriptive

method for the research design and random sampling to determine the samples.

Results show that out of 87 respondents, 37 are not employed. They found out that

graduates of higher education are not employed compared to those who finished

lower education.

Negus Kebedom, “Sheba University College Graduates Tracer Study”, the

purpose of this paper is to examine the adequacy or otherwise if Sheba University is

able to provide manpower to all sectors of Sheba. The researcher applied

descriptive method and simple random sampling for the sampling technique. For the

statistical treatment of data, he used percentiles, mean, standard deviation, and T-

test.According to their findings, majority of their graduates are government employed;

there is a significant unemployment of their graduates; distance learner grader and

competence is incompatible; and most of their graduates are highly attached with

Sheba University.

Punya Prasad Regmi, “Tracer Study of AIT Graduates”. This study aims to

trace that whereabouts of AIT (Asian Institute of Technology) graduates and find out

the effectiveness and relevance of AIT degrees as a resource and credential for

employment/job placement upon graduation from AIT. One of its objectives is also to

find out the professional status and ranks of the AIT graduates in their respective

employments. Also, it desires to ascertain the level of networking from AIT

graduates and recommendations to strengthen the existing network among them,


22
and finally, to assess the contribution of AIT graduates I the development of their

home countries and of the region. The proponents of this study used descriptive

research methodology by providing survey questionnaires to their graduates. They

conducted the survey thru email and personal interview. The study concludes that

overall findings provided a valid and solid ground that the graduates of AIT produced

highly qualified and committed professionals leading their region’s sustainable

development. It was found out that there is a high relevance between the AIT

curriculum and the graduate’s present employment as evidenced by the employers.

The researcher suggested that tracer study should be done periodically in order for

AIT maintain its mission and objectives.

Shongwe and Ocholla, “A tracer study of LIS graduates at the University of

Zululand, 2000-2009”. This paper aims to trace graduates of LIS (Library and

Information Science) graduates of University of Zululand from year 2000 to 2009 in

order to establish where they are, what are they doing, and what interventions can

be made to improve their professional activities and services. It also addresses how

many LIS graduates are employed, what particular industry are they employed, are

the skills, knowledge and attitude acquired from their LIS education relevant in their

current designation, and what LIS skills and knowledge are in demand.

Local

Celis, Festijo, & Cueto, “Graduates Employability: A trace Study for Bachelor

of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management”. This research paper sought to

trace the graduates of BS-HRM of Lyceum of the Philippines University from 2005-

2009. It also aims to find out the work related skills and values, which help the
23
graduates, land a job. Finally, this paper aims to improve the employment rate of

its graduates. Results show that salaries and benefits plays a big role when retaining

or leaving one’s job. It was also found out that the faculty members’ communication

and mastery skills contributed a lot to the graduates, which paved way to their job

placement. Finally, the researchers determined that the most useful competencies

obtained from LPU were human relation and communication skills, which was

relevant to their current jobs.

Macatangay, “Tracer Study of BSCS Graduates of Lyceum of the Philippines

University From 2004-2009”. This study determined the employment status of

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science graduates of LPU from 2004-2009. It also

aims to assess the relevance of the program curriculum in the current job of their

graduates. Based on their findings85% of the surveyed respondents are found to be

employed and majority of them have supervisorial, technical, and professional

position.

Ramirez, Cruz, & Alcantara, “Trace Study of RTU Graduates: An Analysis”,

This research paper sought to determine the field of specialization, employment

status of the graduates from Rizal Technological University particularly on their

graduates from College of Education, Arts and Sciences, and Business and

Entrepreneurial Technology, and if the skills and knowledge acquired from RTU are

relevant to their respective job placement. Based on the results, it was revealed that

most of the skills and competencies acquired from RTU greatly contributed to their

present employment. The results further provided that RTU graduates possesses

the skills and competencies necessary to succeed in this competitive world however
24
she also found out that RTU should expand tie-ups with private business entities

so it can improve high employability amongst their graduates.

Balingbing, “Tracer Study of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology

(BSIT) Graduates of Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges, Nabua, Camarines Sur

from 2004 to 2010”. This study was made to determine the employability status of

BSIT graduates from CSPCC and unveil specifically their personal profile, level o

difficulties encountered along knowledge, skills, and attitudes, and the measures to

enhance their competitiveness. Results shows that most of their respondents were

female, 20-25 years old, TESDA-certified, employed in private sectors, incompetent

in S.Y. 2003-2004, competent during S.Y. 2005-2010 and encountered difficulty

along knowledge, skills, and attitudes.

Synthesis of Related Literature and Studies

In the related literature, it was mentioned that unemployment is a common

problem existing in every country. Labor mismatch occurs due to over or under-

education of labor force that leads to unemployment or underemployment. Also, it

was presented that even if a student completes a higher education program, he will

still have difficulties finding a job because the skill and technical knowledge acquired

is inadequate or it does not meet the demands of the employer that leads to

underemployment or worst, unemployment. To solve this problem, HEIs together

with concerned government agencies devised tracer studies in order for them to

track the employment status of the graduates, determine if the instructions, trainings

and seminars provided to the students are adequate or it is relevant to the demands

of the employers. In this way, they could re-tool, modify, and enhance their
25
curriculum, training, and faculty instruction to cope up with the demands of the

employers as well as the economy in general.

In the presentation of related studies, it was observed that tracer studies are

conducted primarily to track the employment status of graduates of HEIs. It is

formulized to assess and evaluate the course curricula of the respective graduate

program in terms of effectiveness and efficiency. It helps the HEIs to whether

enhance the pool of faculty, instruction, modify the course curriculum, conduct

additional trainings and seminars for their students and graduates to cope up with

the trends of their respective courses. During the presentation, it was found out that

there do exist tracer studies for information technology, hotel and restaurant

management, computer science,which has same goals and objectives, and other

disciplines however, nothing was found particularly for customs administration.

Gap-bridged by the Study

The researcher’s review of related literature has been made and presented

and a gap has been discerned that no study was made upon the same researches

for Customs Administration. Based from the related materials, no study has found

out on the Customs Department, except for the related studies which similarly

focuses on the study of employment status, job satisfaction, and the factors affecting

the performance of the current job designations of the their graduates. No tracer

study was found specifically for the BS Customs Administration of Adamson

University batches 2009-2014. The researcher also established that the present

study would be the first to create a database of Customs Administration graduates,


26
for students who will conduct the same study to easily trace the whereabouts and

information of the graduates.


27
Chapter 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter encompasses the research and study of the course undertaken and

method utilized by the researchers that provides detailed information of the overall

research method applied. The relevance of the study will also be introduced in this

chapter as well as the respondents of the study, data, and gathering procedures.

Research Design

The researcher applied descriptive survey method, which is used to find out

relative information by means of asking questions or using a questionnaire. By using

this type of research method, the researcher will be able to find out if the BSCA

graduates of Adamson University from batches 2009-2014 are already engaged in a

company neither relevant or not from their field of specialization. Also, it will also

showcase the applicability of the acquired skills and knowledge during their college

years. Finally, the research will be able to know the reasons of graduates when

choosing the job as well as the benefits, salary, and the expectations from their job.

Population, Sample Size and Sampling Techniques

The BSCA graduates from Adamson University from 2009-2014 are the

primary source of data wherein the researchers will send them a tracer form

provided by the Center for Guidance, Counseling, Testing and Placement office of

the said institution. Secondary sources of information came from books, journals,

unpublished materials and any other reading sources containing data relative to the

present study as well as Internet sources.


28
Description of the Respondents

BSCA Graduates Frequency Ratio Sample

2009 26 0.07 14

2010 33 0.09 17

2011 51 0.14 27

2012 60 0.17 32

2013 98 0.27 52

2014 93 0.26 49

Total 361 1.00 191

Table 1. Population of BSCA Graduates from 2009-2014

The one hundred ninety respondents who were the primary sources of data

were the respondents of BSCA graduates of Adamson University from 2009-2014.

The profile such as monthly income, industry they belong, employment status and

eligibility were primarily considered in the given questionnaire, as they will relate to

the response,that will served as indicators provided in the instrument. The

researchers determined the sample size to get the number of the respondents of the

study. The sampling procedure was done through the use of Slovin’s formula in

determining the sample size, as follows:

𝑁
𝑛=
1 + 𝑁𝑒 2

Where:

n = sample size/number of respondents

N = total population/total number of graduates


29
e = margin of error

1 = constant value

Stratifiedrandom sampling will be used to determine the respondents of the

study. According to www.explorable.com, stratified sampling is a probability

sampling technique wherein the researcher divides the entire population into

different subgroups or strata, then randomly selects the final subjects proportionally

from the different strata. (Saifuddin, Ahmed) explains that this sampling method is

used when population group may have different values for the response of interest

and is also used to ensure adequate sample size for each group. By using this

sampling method, it will give equal opportunity to each strata to participate in this

study.

Instrumentation

This study will use a modified survey questionnaire in the data gathering

procedure. The questionnaire that will be used is the Adamson Graduate Tracer

Survey, which will be taken from the office of Center for Guidance, Counseling,

Testing and Placement Services of Adamson University. The questionnaire was

customized to adapt to the objectives of this study and was validated by Dr. Anamie

Selencio and Prof. Aracelli Requinto prior to its deployment. It is composed of four (4)

parts. First, the General Information that is composed of data about the graduates

like name, address, contact number, year graduated, e-mail address and

professional examination passed. Second is the employment data which comprises

the graduate’s employment status, designation, company name, company address,

industry they belong, and monthly salary. Third tackles about the BSCA Skills and
30
Competencies vested under CHED memorandum 11-2005 and Iceberg Model.

The last part contains other information as to the suggestions of the graduates to

improve the BSCA curriculum.

Data Gathering Procedure

The preliminary gathering of data will first be conducted in the library where

the researcher was able to collate various reading materials that is relative to the

present study. The related literature and studies will be taken primarily from books;

articles and other related published materials. Secondary sources of data will be

taken from website and e-books.

Thru the help of the Office of the Registrar, the researcher will be able to have

a list of all the graduates of BS Customs Administration from batches 2009-2014

which will help the researcher in tracing the graduates. Also, the proponents of this

study will utilize social network sites such as Facebook and Twitter for ease of

communication with the respondents of this study. The survey question will be given

to the respondents personally, thru email, or thru social networking websites such as

Facebook, Twitter, etc.

Statistical Treatment of Data

The researchers will summarize the data though frequency counts and

percentages to answer the problems 1,2,3, and 4 of the study. The data was

analyzed using descriptive statistics in order to get the percentage. First, the

percentage was used to determine the portion of the graduates of each year

including on their status, along employment.

The formula to get the percentage is shown below


31
𝑓
𝑃= 𝑥 100
∑𝑓

Where: f = frequency

∑f = summation of frequency

100 = constant

Second, the proponent of this study used Likert scale to determine the

usefulness of the skills and competencies as well as the BSCA subjects in the

respective jobs of the graduates. Third, the researcher applied rankings to determine

the perception of the graduate respondents in the usefulness and relevance of the

skills and competencies encompassed in the CHED Memorandum Order 11-2005 &

Icerberg Model as well the subjects under the BSCA curriculum.


32
Chapter 4

BS CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION GRADUATES OF ADAMSON UNIVERSITY:

THE AVENUE FOR EMPLOYMENT

This chapter presents the results from the data collected thru survey using the

generally accepted statistical tools and principles. This study attempted to answer

the following questions mentioned in the statement of the problem.

1. What is the employment profile of the BS Customs Administration from

2009-2014 in terms of:

Table 1. Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents According to

their Monthly Salary

Monthly Gross Salary Frequency Percentage


P5,000 – P10,000 9 5%
P10,000 – P5,0000 50 29%
P15,000 – P20,000 66 38%
P20,000 – P30,000 34 20%
P30,000 and above 15 9%
Total 171 100%

Figure 1. Gross Monthly Salary

5,000 - 10,000
80 10,000 - 15,000
60 15,000 - 20,000
40 30,000 and above
20,000 - 30,000 20,000 - 30,000
20 15,000 - 20,000
10,000 - 15,000 30,000 and above
0 5,000 - 10,000
1
33
The Table 1 and Figure 1 showcase the Frequency and Distribution of the

respondents according to their gross monthly salary. Out of 171 respondents, it

shows that 5% or 9 out of 171 respondents has a monthly salary of P5, 000 – P10,

000, 29% or 50 out of 171 respondents has a monthly gross wage of P10, 000 – P15,

000, 38% of the respondents has a monthly salary of P15, 000 – P20, 000, and 9%

of them has a monthly salary of P30, 000 and above.

Based on the data collected, most of the graduates having a salary of

P15,000 – P20,000 are working in a Business Process Outsourcing such as call

centers and customs inspection, valuation, and classification services and Logistics

and Supply Chain Firms. Respondents having a monthly gross salary of P30,000

and above are currently working abroad as an OFW and working in a Marketing

industry which is perceived that their salary is on the basis of their output.

Respondents having a salary of P20,000 – P30,000 are currently working with the

Bureau of Customs, Academic Institution, and BPO industries. The graduates who

has a monthly salary of P10,000 – P15,000 is currently engaged in a Customs

Brokerage, Shipping Lines, & Freight Forwarding Industries. Finally, it was identified

that graduates who have a salary of P5,000 – P10,000 are presently engaged in a

Trucking, Customs Brokerage, and Logistics Industries.

The researcher suggests that gross monthly salary will still be based on

various factors such as job level, tenure of office, position in the company,

eligibilities (board passer), and educational attainment.


34
Table 2. Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents

according to the Private Industry they belong

Industry Frequency Percentage


Academe 1 0.56%
Customs Brokerage 33 18.64%
Forwarding 32 18.08%
Shipping Lines 23 12.99%
Trucking 10 5.65%
BPO 34 19.21%
OFW 6 3.39%
Others 38 21.47%
Total 177 100%

Figure 2. Private Industry they Belong

OFW ACADEME
OTHERS CUSTOMS BROKERAGE
BPO FORWARDING
TRUCKING
SHIPPING LINES
SHIPPING LINES
TRUCKING
FORWARDING
BPO
CUSTOMS BROKERAGE
OTHERS
ACADEME
OFW
0 10 20 30 40

The Table 2 and Figure 2 present the frequency and percentage distribution

of the respondents according to the industry they belong. Out of 191 respondents,

only 177 answered to this survey question. Out of the 177, 0.56% works in the

Academe, 18.64% is currently working in a Customs Brokerage, 18.08% belongs to

the Freight Forwarding Business, 12.99% is in the Shipping Lines Industry, 5.65%

works in the Trucking Services, 19.21% belongs to the BPO offices, 3.39% works as

an Overseas Filipino Worker, and 21.47% belongs to the industries which include
35
Manufacturing, Logistics and Supply Chain, Food, Manning, Chemicals, Banking

and Finance, Airlines, Network Marketing, Construction, and Distribution Services.

Based on the data collected, the researcher of this paperposits that the

graduates of the BSCustoms Administration program of Adamson University are

employable in various sectors stated above. It is perceived that they can engage in

those industries, even though it is indirect to the field of customs administration,

provided that their job position is in line with importation or exportation. Hence,

graduates should not focus only on industries such as Customs Brokerage, Freight

Forwarding, and Shipping Lines but look for industries that offers jobs which fit their

specialization.

Table 3. Frequency And Percentage Distribution Of The Respondents

According To The Government Industry They Belong

Government Agency Frequency Percentage


Bureau of Customs 2 40%
Department of Science 1 20%
Philippine Navy 1 20%
and Technology
City Government of 1 20%
Total 5 100%
Makati
Figure 3. Government Industry they Belong

20% 20% DOST

BOC
20% PHILIPPINE
40% NAVY
CITY GOV'T OF
MAKATI
36
Table 3 and Chart 3 shows the frequency and percentage of the

respondents according to Government Industry they belong. Out of the 191

respondents, only 5 of them answered this survey. 40% works in the Bureau of

Customs, 20% in the Philippine Navy, 20% in thee Department of Science and

Technology, and 20% in the City Government of Makati.

The researcher of this paper postulates that the graduates of BSCA program

of Adamson University has also capability of being employed in different government

agencies such as Bureau of Customs, Department of Science and Technology,

Philippine Navy, and etc. Hence, the proponent of this study posits that graduates

also give themselves a chance to apply for a job in these government agencies.

Table4. Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents According

to their Employment Status

Employment Status Frequency Percentage


Regular 172 90%
Temporary 5 3%
Contractual 3 2%
Self-employed 2 1%
Unemployed 9 5%
Total 191 100%

Figure 4. Employment Status

1% 1% 5%
3%
Regular
Temporary
Contractual
90%
Self-employed
Unemployed
37
Table 4 and the Chart 4 show the frequency distribution of the respondents

according to their employment status. Out of 191 respondents, 90% have regular

status in their respective companies, 3% are temporary, 2% are contractual, 1% is

self-employed, and 5% are currently unemployed.

Based on the data collected, the researcher posits that most of the graduates

of the BSCA program of Adamson University are not underemployed which provides

a positive feedback on the course program itself which aims to, aside from

inculcating skills and competencies, provide a jobs to their graduates.

Table 5. Frequency and Percentage Distribution if the Respondents According

To Their Eligibility

Customs Broker Frequency Percentage

Yes 128 67%

No 63 33%

Total 191 100%

Figure 5. Eligibility of BSCA Graduates

Non-
customs
33%
broker
67%
CUSTOMS
BROKER
38
Table 5 and Chart 5 discuss the frequency and percentage distribution of

the respondents according to their eligibility. Out of 191 respondents, 67% were

found to have taken and passed the Customs Licensure Examination while the rest

of the 33%was identified as non-Customs Broker.

The proponent of this study finds it as a positive feedback on the course

program that despite that some of the respondents who are not Customs Brokers

still landed a job. Based on the data collected, they are still employable in various

industries such as BPO, Freight Forwarding, Customs Brokerage, Shipping Lines,

and other sectors of the economy. However, it was also established that some of

them are currently having a temporary and contractual status in their respective jobs

2. What are the skills/competencies under CHED Memorandum Order 11-2005,

which were utilized by Customs Administration graduates in their jobs?

Table 6. Frequency and ranking as to the usefulness of givingadvice or act as

consultant in matters relating to tariff and customs laws, regulations, affecting

or in connection with activities of importation and Exportation.

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 58 2
Useful 80 1
Sometimes Useful 21 3
Not very useful 6 5
Not at all useful 17 4
Total 182

Table 6 presents the Frequency and Ranking of the usefulness of the

competency, i.e. giving advice or act as consultant in matters relating to tariff and
39
customs laws, regulations, affecting or in connection with activities of importation

and exportation. Results shows that out of 191 respondents, only 182 responded to

this question. 58 out of 182 graduates answered that this competency is very useful

in their current job placement. 80 out of 182 respondents answered that it is useful in

the present job. 21 out of 182 graduates answered that this is sometimes useful in

their current job. 6 out of 182 respondents shows that this is not very useful, and 17

out of 182 respondents shows that it is not useful at all.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency useful in their respective jobs since most of them are currently

engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as Customs

Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with importation and

exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of the respondents

find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently engaged in industries

which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 7. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness Of Preparing Customs

Requisite Documents For Import Or Export

Scale Frequency Ranking


Very useful 83 1
Useful 51 2
Somewhat useful 17 3
Not very useful 5 5
Not at all useful 26 4
Total 182

Table 7 shows the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of this

competency i.e. prepare customs requisite documents for import or export. Out of
40
191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this question. 83 out of 182

respondents shows that this competency is very useful in their present job. 51 of

them say that it is useful to their present designation. 17 of them answered that this

competency is somewhat useful to their current job, 5 out of 182 respondents says

that it is not very relevant to their present employment. 26 out of 182 graduates

determined that this is not at all useful.

.Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 8. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Preparing

Declaration of Customs Duties and Taxes

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 75 1
Useful 47 2
Somewhat Useful 26 4
Not very Useful 6 5
Not at all Useful 28 3
Total 182

Table 8 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of preparing

declaration of customs duties and taxes in their present employment. Only 182

graduates out of 191 responded to this survey. 75 out of 182 graduates determined
41
that this competency is very useful in their present employment making it the no. 1

in rank. 47 of them responded saying that it is useful in their current job, hence it is

2nd in the rank. 28 of the respondents answered that this is not at all useful in their

present job making it 3rd in the ranks. 26 of the respondents identified that this is

somewhat useful in their current job placement making it 4 th in rank. Finally, 6 out of

181 respondents said that this competency is not very useful in their current job

designation that makes it least in the ranking.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 9. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Preparing and

Processing Import and Export Entries and Documents required under the

Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines for filing with the Bureau of

Customs and other Government Agencies

Scale Frequency Ranking


Very Useful 59 2
Useful 68 1
Sometimes Useful 20 4
Not Very Useful 7 5
Not at All Useful 28 3
Total 182
42
Table 9 discusses the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of preparing

and processing import and export entries and documents under the Tariff and

Customs Code of the Philippines for filing with the Bureau of Customs and other

government agencies in the respondent’s present jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only

182 answered this survey question. Results shows that 68 out of 182 determined

that this competency is Useful in their current job making it 1st in the rankings. 59 out

of 182 established that it is Very Useful in their present employment making it 2 nd in

the ranks. 28 of the respondents mentioned that this is not at all useful in their

respective jobs resulting 3rd in the rankings. 20 graduates described that this

competency is sometimes useful in their jobs making it 4th in the rankings, and,

finally 7 respondents said that this is not very useful in their current job placements

making it last in the ranking.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency useful in their respective jobs since most of them are currently

engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as Customs

Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with importation and

exportation wherein the graduates are preparing import and export entries for

processing of import or export shipments with the Bureau of Customs. The

proponent of this study also found out that some of the respondents find it not useful

in their present jobs since they are currently engaged in industries which is not

directly in-line with import and export.


43
Table 10. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Represent

Importers And Exporters Before Any Government Agency Or Private Entity In

Cases Relating To Valuation And Classification Of Import And Export Articles

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 63 1
Useful 62 2
Sometimes Useful 21 4
Not Very Useful 7 5
Not at All Useful 29 3
Total 182

Table 10 presents the frequency and ranking of the competency, i.e.

representing importers and exporters before any government agency or private

entity in cases relating to valuation and classification of import and export articles.

Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates responded to this survey. Majority of

the respondents, i.e. 63 out of 182, said that this competency is very useful in their

present jobs. 62 of them find it useful in their current jobs making it 2 nd in the ranking.

29 of them said that it is not useful at all, which is 3 rd in the rankings. 21 of the

graduates find it sometimes useful in the respective jobs making it 4 th in the rankings

and, finally, 7 out of 182 respondents established that it is not very useful in their

respective jobs.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is very useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The

proponent of this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of

the graduates, based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related

to the BSCA program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates
44
responded that this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in

industries which is not directly related to customs administration.

Table 11. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Rendering

Professional Services In Matters Relating To Customs And Tariff Laws,

Procedures And Practices

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 63 1
Useful 62 2
Sometimes Useful 21 4
Not Very Useful 10 5
Not at All Useful 26 3
Total 182

Table 11 presents the frequency and ranking of the competency, i.e. render

professional services in matters relating to customs and tariff laws, procedure and

practice. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 responded to this survey question. The

highest in rank, responded by 63 graduates out o 182, mentioned that this

competency is very useful in their respective jobs, which makes it 1st in the rankings.

62 of them answered that this competency is useful in their present jobs, which

makes it 2nd in the ranks. 26 out of 182 responded that it is not at all useful in their

jobs, which is 3rd in the rankings. 21 of them identified that is sometimes useful in

their current jobs and, finally, 10 out of 182 respondents find this competency not

very useful making it 4th and 5th in the rankings respectively.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is very useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The
45
proponent of this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of

the graduates, based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related

to the BSCA program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates

responded that this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in

industries which is not directly related to customs administration.

Table 12. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Teaching Or

Conduct Researches

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 51 2
Useful 56 1
Sometimes Useful 26 3
Not Very Useful 24 4.5
Not at All Useful 24 4.5
Total 181

Table 12 shows the frequency and ranking of the competency, i.e. teach or

conduct researches. Out of 192 respondents, only 181 answered to this survey

question. 56 respondents established that this competency is useful in their current

job placement, which makes it 1st in our rankings. 2nd in the rank shows that 51 of

the graduates answered that it is very useful in their respective job placements. 26

graduates identified that this competency is sometimes useful in their current jobs

making it 3rd in the ranks. 24 graduates said that this is not very useful and another

24 mentioned that it is not at all useful in their respective jobs, which tied the, 4 th in

rankings
46
Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency useful in their respective jobs since most of them are currently

engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as Customs

Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with importation and

exportation wherein the graduates are preparing import and export entries for

processing of import or export shipments with the Bureau of Customs. The

proponent of this study also found out that some of the respondents find it not useful

in their present jobs since they are currently engaged in industries which is not

directly in-line with import and export.

3. How useful are the BSCA subjects in their present employment?

Table 13. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Principles of

Customs Administration

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 71 2
Useful 72 1
Sometimes Useful 12 4
Not Very Useful 6 5
Not at All Useful 21 3
Total 182
Table 13 presents the frequency and ranking the usefulness of the subject

Principles of Customs Administration in the respondent’s respective job. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this survey. Results shows that 72 out

of 182 respondents answered that the learning’s in the subject are useful in their

current job, thus making it no.1 in the rank. 71 graduates responded that it is very

useful in their jobs. 21 respondents established that this subject is not at all useful in

their respective jobs making it 3rd in the rank. 12 respondents said that this subject is
47
sometimes useful and 6 out of 182 respondents said that this is not very useful in

the present jobs making it 4th and 5th in the rankings.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 14. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of The Relationship

of Customs to International Trade

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 79 1
Useful 72 2
Sometimes Useful 5 4.5
Not Very Useful 5 4,5
Not at all Useful 21 3
Total 182

Table 14 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

Relationship of Customs to International Trade subject in their respective job

placements. Out of 192 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this survey

question. 1st in the rank, which was answered by 79 graduates, shows that this

subject is very useful in their present jobs. 72 respondents determined that this

subject is useful in their current jobs, which is 2nd in the rank. 21 graduates said that

this is not at all useful in their present job employment leading to 3 rd in the rankings.
48
5 students answered that it is sometimes useful and another 5 students

determined that the subject is not very useful in their respective job placements.

They are tied in the rankings, i.e. 4th.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 15. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Cargo Handling

and Port Operations and Law on Common Carriers

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 90 1
Useful 58 2
Sometimes Useful 7 4.5
Not Very Useful 7 4.5
Not at all Useful 20 3
Total 182

Table 15 show the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the subject

Cargo Handling and Port Operations and Law on Common Carrier in the

respondent’s present job employment. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered

to this survey question. 90 respondents determined that the subject is very useful in

their current job placements, which resulted as no. 1 in the rankings. 58 graduates

answered that the subject is useful, landing at 2nd place in the rankings, in their
49
current jobs. 20 respondents established that the subject matter is not at all useful

in their jobs, which makes it no. 3 in the rankings and, finally, 2 sets of 7 students

said that the subject is sometimes useful and not very useful in their respective job

designations making them tied at 4th place.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 16. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Freight Forwarding

and Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 93 1
Useful 52 2
Sometimes Useful 11 4
Not Very Useful 4 5
Not at all Useful 22 3
Total 182

Table 16 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the subject

Freight Forwarding and Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier in the respondent’s

jog designation. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates responded to this

survey question. Most of the graduates numbering to 93 believed that the subject is

very useful in their jobs, which makes it no.1 in the ranking. 52 graduates answered
50
that the subject matter is useful in their jobs making it 2 nd in our rankings. 22 out of

182 respondents determined that this subject is not at all useful in their jobs. 11 said

that it is sometimes useful and only 4 graduates answered that it is not very useful

landing at 4th and 5th in the ranks respectively.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 17. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Warehousing in

General

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 65 1
Useful 49 2
Sometimes Useful 30 3
Not Very Useful 13 5
Not at all Useful 25 4
Total 182

Table 17 showcases the usefulness of the subject Warehousing in General to

the respondent’s present job. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this

survey question. Results show that 65 among 182 graduates believed that this

subject is very useful, which makes it no. 1 in the list. 49 graduates said that the

subject is useful to their current job placement making it 2 nd in the rankings. 30


51
respondents answered that it is sometimes useful which makes it 3rd in the rank.

25 graduates responded and determined that the subject is not at all useful in their

jobs and finally, only 13 graduates determined that it is not very useful in their jobs

landing at 4th and 5th place respectively.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 18. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Customs

Administrative Proceedings

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 60 2
Useful 65 1
Sometimes Useful 16 4
Not Very Useful 13 5
Not at all Useful 28 3
Total 182

Table 18 shows the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the subject

Customs Administrative Proceedings. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to

this query. 65 of the students out of 182 determined that this subject matter is useful

in their current jobs making it 1st in the rankings. 60 graduates established that this

subject is very useful in their respective job placements landing 2 nd place in the
52
rankings. 28 out of 182 respondents answered that this is not at all useful in their

present work, which is no. 3 in the rank. 16 graduates respond and expressed that

this subject is sometimes useful in their jobs, making it no. 4 in the rankings. Finally,

13 out of 182 graduates established that this subject is not very useful in their job.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 19. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Forms,

Documentations, Customs Procedures and Practices and Professional

Customs Broker Practice

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 90 1
Useful 53 2
Sometimes Useful 10 4
Not Very Useful 4 5
Not at all Useful 25 3
Total 182

Table 19 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the subject

Forms, Documentation, Customs Procedure and Practices and Professional


53
Customs Broker Practice. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this

question. 90 of the graduates responded and determined that this subject is very

useful in their present work making it no. 1 in the rankings. 53 out of 182

respondents established that it is useful in their current job placement, making it 2 nd

in the rankings. 25 of them answered that this subject is not at all useful in their

present designation, which landed at 3rd place in the ranks. 10 of the respondents

mentioned that it is sometimes useful in their current jobs, making it 4 th place in the

jobs. Finally, 4 graduates answered that the subject matter is not very useful in their

present employment.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 20. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Ethics in Customs

Broker Profession

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 81 1
Useful 52 2
Sometimes Useful 17 4
Not Very Useful 12 5
Not at all Useful 20 3
Total 182
54
Table 20 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Ethics in Customs Broker Profession in their current job placement. Out of

191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this query. 81 of them responded

and determined that this subject matter is very useful in their job placement, making

it 1st in the rankings. 52 respondents established that the concerned subject is useful

in their respective job placement landing 2nd in the rankings. 20 out of 182

respondents determined that it is not at all useful in their present job, making it 3 rd in

the rankings. 17 of the respondents answered that it is sometimes useful in their jobs

landing 4th place in the rankings. Lastly, 12 out of 182 respondents believed that the

subject matter is not very useful in their job placements.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 21. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Practicum 1

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 73 1
Useful 63 2
Sometimes Useful 14 4
Not Very Useful 8 5
Not at all Useful 23 3
Total 182
55
Table 21 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Practicum 1 in the graduate’s respective job placement. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this question. 73 of them believed that

this subject matter is very useful in their job placements landing 1 st in the rankings.

63 of the respondents answered that it is useful in their respective offices, making it

2nd in the rankings. 23 out of 182 respondents established that the current subject is

not at all useful in their present work landing 3rd in the list. 14 of the respondents,

making it in the 4th place, believed that the subject is sometimes useful in their

current jobs and, finally, only 8 of the respondents determined that it is not very

useful in their respective job designations.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 22. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Practicum 2

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 73 1
Useful 63 2
Sometimes Useful 12 4
Not Very Useful 10 5
Not at all Useful 23 3
Total 182
56
Table 22 showcases the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Practicum 2 in the respondent’s current job placement. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this survey. 73 of the graduates believed that

this subject matter is very useful in their current job placements landing 1 st in the

rankings. 63 of them answered and determined that the concerned subject is useful

in their jobs, falling no. 2 in the rankings. 23 out of 182 graduates said that it is not at

all useful, placing 3rd in the ranks. 12 of the respondents established that it is

sometimes useful and finally 10 of them said that it is not very useful landing 4 th and

5th in the rankings.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is very useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The

proponent of this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of

the graduates, based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related

to the BSCA program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates

responded that this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in

industries which is not directly related to customs administration.

Table 23. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of The Philippine

Tariff System and Its Principles

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 81 1
Useful 53 2
Sometimes Useful 15 4
Not Very Useful 8 5
Not at all Useful 24 3
Total 182
57
Table 23 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

Philippine Tariff System and Its Principles. Out of 191 respondents, only 182

graduates answered to this question. 81 of them believed that it is very useful in their

current jobs, making it 1st in the rankings. 53 graduates established that it is useful in

the current jobs, falling 2nd place in the ranks. 24 of the respondents answered that

the subject is not at all useful in their workplace, landing 3 rd in the rankings. 15

graduates said that it is sometimes useful in their jobs, making it 4 th place in the

rankings and, finally, 8 out of 182 graduates respondent and determined that the

subject is not very useful, landing 5th place in the ranks.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 24. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Classification,

Examination and Appraisal of Imported Articles

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 77 1
Useful 55 2
Sometimes Useful 15 4
Not Very Useful 11 5
Not at all Useful 24 3
Total 182
58
Table 24 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Classification, Examination and Appraisal of Imported Articles. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 77 out of 182 respondents

answered and believed that the concerned subject is very useful in their current jobs,

making it 1st place in the rankings. 55 of them answered that it is useful in their

present work, falling 2nd place in the list. 24 graduates determined that the subject

matter is not at all useful in the current job, making it 3 rd place in the ranks. 15

graduates determined that it is sometimes useful in their current work and, finally, 11

out of 182 respondents believed that the subject in questions is not very useful in

their current job places landing at 4th and 5th places.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 25. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Basis of Dutiable

Value

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 77 1
Useful 56 2
Sometimes Useful 19 4
Not Very Useful 6 5
Not at all Useful 24 3
Total 182
59
Table 25 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Basis of Dutiable Value in their current job places. Out of 191 respondents,

only 182 graduates answered to this question. 77 respondents answered and

believed that the subject matter is very useful in their current job places, making it 1st

in the rankings. 56 graduates determined that is useful in their work, falling 2 nd place

in the list. 24 respondents established that it is not at all useful in their present job,

making it 3rd in the rankings. 19 of the graduates said that it is sometimes useful in

the respective work places and, finally, 6 out of 182 graduates believed that the

current subject matter is not very useful in their present job employments, landing 4 th

and 5th place in the ranks.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 26. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Import taxation

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 71 1
Useful 61 2
Sometimes Useful 20 4
Not Very Useful 6 5
Not at all Useful 24 3
Total 182
60
Table 26 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Import Taxation in their present job placement. Out of 191 respondents, only

182 graduates answered to this query. 71 of them believed that the subject matter is

very useful in their current job places, making it 1st in the rankings. 61 of the

respondents established that it is useful in their current work, falling 2 nd in the list. 24

graduates determined that it is not at all useful, landing 3 rd place in the rankings. 20

of them answered that it is sometimes useful and, finally, 6 out of 182 graduates

believed that the subject matter is not very useful in their current job places, landing

4th and 5th in their current jobs.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 27. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Liquidation of

Import Duties

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 76 1
Useful 53 2
Sometimes Useful 23 4
Not Very Useful 4 5
Not at all Useful 26 3
Total 182
61
Table 27 presents the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Liquidation of Import Duties in their current job placements. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 graduates responded to this question. 76 of them believed

that the subject matter is very useful in their current job, making it 1 st in the rankings.

53 of the respondents answered that it is useful in their present work, falling 2 nd in

the list. 26 of the graduates determined that the subject matter is not at all useful in

their present job, landing 3rd place in the rankings. 23 graduates answered that it is

sometimes useful in their current job placement and, finally, 4 out of 182 graduates

established that the subject matter in question is not very useful, making it 4 th and 5th

in the rankings

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

Table 28. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Special Duties,

Flexible Clause and other Trade Agreements

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 67 1
Useful 53 2
Sometimes Useful 20 4
Not Very Useful 14 5
Not at all Useful 28 3
Total 182
62
Table 28 presents the frequency and rankings of the usefulness of the

subject Special Duties, Flexible Clause, and other Trade Agreements. Out of 191

respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this question. 67 of them believed that

it is very useful in their current job placement, making it 1st in the rankings. 53 of

them responded that it is useful in their current jobs, falling 2 nd place in the rankings.

28 of the graduates said that it is not at all useful, landing 3 rd place in the list. 20

respondents said that it is sometimes useful in their present work and, finally, 14 out

of 182 respondents determined that this subject matter is not very useful in their

current jobs, landing 4th and 5th place respectively.

According to the data compiled, the researcher was able to establish that this

competency is useful in the most of the graduates’ respective jobs. The proponent of

this study posits that it was deemed useful in their jobs since most of the graduates,

based on the data, are currently employed in sectors which is related to the BSCA

program. However, it was also noticed that some of the graduates responded that

this competency is not at all since they are currently employed in industries which is

not directly related to customs administration.

Table 29. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Tariff Laws and

Jurisprudence

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 71 1
Useful 56 2
Sometimes Useful 12 5
Not Very Useful 18 4
Not at all Useful 25 3
Total 182
63
Table 29 showcases the frequency and ranking of the usefulness of the

subject Tariff Laws and Jurisprudence in the respondent’s respective job

designations. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this question.

71 of them believed that the subject matter is very useful in their current jobs,

making it 1st in the rankings. 56 of the graduates answered that it is useful in the

present work, falling 2nd place in the list. 25 respondents said that it is not at all

useful in their current job places, landing 3rd place in the rankings. 18 respondents

said that it is not very useful and, finally, 12 out o 182 respondents said that it is

sometimes useful in their respective job placements, making it 4th and 5th place in

the rankings.

Based on the data compiled, the researcher established that the graduates

find this competency very useful in their respective jobs since most of them are

currently engaged in the industries where they match their specialization such as

Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Shipping lines which is in line with

importation and exportation. The proponent of this study also found out that some of

the respondents find it not useful in their present jobs since they are currently

engaged in industries which is not directly in-line with import and export.

4. What are the skills and competencies, under the Iceberg Model, that they

have learned in Adamson University, which is relevant to their present job?


64
Table 30. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Communication

Skills

Scale Frequency Rank


Very useful 144 1
Useful 36 2
Sometimes Useful 0 4.5
Not Very Useful 1 3
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 181

Table 30 presents the frequency and ranking of the communication skills,

which they have learned in Adamson University and is being useful in the

respondent’s current job. Out of 191 respondents, only 181 answered this question.

144 of the respondents determined that this competency is very useful in their

current work, thus it was ranked 1st. 36 of the graduates said that it is useful in their

present employment, falling 2nd place in the rankings. Only 1 out of 182 respondents

determined that is it not very useful in his/her present job. No respondents answered

to the sometimes useful and not at all useful scale, which makes them tied in the 4 th

place.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.


65
Table 31. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Analytical

Reasoning

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 121 1
Useful 58 2
Sometimes Useful 3 3
Not Very Useful 0 4.5
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 182

Table 31 presents the frequency and rank of the skill/competency, i.e.

analytical reasoning, which they have learned in Adamson University and is being

useful in the respondent’s respective jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182

answered to this query. 121 of the graduates determined that this competency is

very useful in their present work, making it 1st in the ranking. 58 of the respondents

answered that it is useful in their current jobs, falling 2nd in the list. 3 out of 182

graduates established that it is sometimes useful in their current job places, landing

3rd place in the ranks. There were no respondent who answered to the scale not

very useful and not at all useful.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.


66
Table 32. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Motivation

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 123 1
Useful 50 2
Sometimes Useful 8 3
Not Very Useful 1 4
Not at all Useful 0 5
Total 182
Table 32 showcases the frequency and ranking of the motivation skills that

the respondent gained from Adamson University and is being useful in their current

job placements. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 graduates answered to this

question. 123 of them believed that this skill/competency is very useful in their

current job, making it 1st in the rankings. 50 answered that it is useful in the present

work, falling 2nd in the rankings. 8 of them determined that it is sometimes useful and,

finally, only 1 out of 182 graduates said that it is not very useful in his or her current

work, which makes it 3rd and 4th on the rankings. No respondent answered to the not

at all useful scale

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.

Table 33. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Creativity

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 99 1
Useful 68 2
Sometimes Useful 11 3
Not Very Useful 4 4
Not at all Useful 0 5
Total 182
67
Table 33 presents the frequency and ranking of the creativity skill that the

respondents gained from Adamson University and is being applied in their current

work. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this question. 99 of them said

that this skill/competency is very useful in their current jobs, making it 1 st in the

rankings. 68 of the respondents determined that it is useful in the present work,

falling 2nd in the rankings. 11 of the respondents said that it is sometimes useful,

landing 3rd place in the list and, finally, 4 out of 182 respondents answered that it is

not very useful in the present jobs, making them 3rd and 4th place in the list. No

respondent answered to the not at all useful scale.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.

Table 34. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Independence

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 129 1
Useful 47 2
Sometimes Useful 4 3
Not Very Useful 0 4.5
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 182

Table 34 showcases the frequency and ranking of the independence skill that

was learned by the respondents from Adamson University and is being useful in the

respective job placements. Out of 191, only 182 responded to this query. 129

graduates established that this competency is very helpful in their current work,

making it 1st in the rankings. 47 graduates established that it is useful in their present
68
jobs, falling 2nd in the list. 4 out of 182 respondents answered that it is sometimes

useful in their current jobs, making it 3rd in the ranks. No respondent answered to the

not very useful and not at all useful scales.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.

Table 35. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Commitment

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 137 1
Useful 41 2
Sometimes Useful 4 3
Not Very Useful 0 4.5
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 182
Table 35 shows the frequency and ranking of the commitment

skill/competency that the respondents learned from Adamson University and is being

applied in their current job. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this

question. 137 of them find this skill/competency very useful in their current job, which

makes it 1st in the rankings. 41 graduates established that this is useful in the current

work, falling 2nd in the list. Only 4 out of 182 respondents said that it is sometimes

useful in their jobs, landing 3rd in the ranks. No respondent answered to the not very

useful and not at all useful scale.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.


69
Table 36. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Emotional

Stability

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 116 1
Useful 58 2
Sometimes Useful 8 3
Not Very Useful 0 4.5
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 182
Table 36 presents the frequency and ranking of the emotional stability

competency that the respondent’s learned from Adamson University and is being

applied in their current jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this

query. 116 of them said that this skill/competency is very useful in their current jobs,

making it 1st in the ranks. 58 of them find it useful in their jobs, falling 2nd in the ranks.

8 out of 182 graduates determined that it is sometimes useful in their respective

employment, landing 3rd in the ranks. No respondent answered to the not very useful

and not at all useful scales.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.

Table 37. Frequency And Ranking As To The Usefulness of Leadership

Scale Frequency Rank


Very Useful 130 1
Useful 48 2
Sometimes Useful 3 3
Not Very Useful 0 4.5
Not at all Useful 0 4.5
Total 181
70
Table 37 presents the frequency and ranking of the leadership competency

that the respondent’s learned from Adamson University and is being applied in their

current jobs. Out of 191 respondents, only 182 answered to this query. 130 of them

said that this skill/competency is very useful in their current jobs, making it 1 st in the

ranks. 48 of them find it useful in their jobs, falling 2 nd in the ranks. 3 out of 182

graduates determined that it is sometimes useful in their respective employment,

landing 3rd in the ranks. No respondent answered to the not very useful and not at all

useful scales.

The researcher posits that the graduates find this skill useful in their current

job since they apply it daily in their tasks and their employers find it essential in an

employee. The proponent of this study also suggests that, to be employable,

graduates should possess this skill.

5. What are the suggestions to improve the BSCA curriculum?

Table 38. Suggestion to Improve BSCA Curriculum

Suggestion Frequency Rank

More field exposure for students and OJT hours 4 1

Include Logistics and Supply Chain Management 3 2

Include SAP training in the Curriculum 1 4.5

Lessen Minor Subjects 1 4.5

Remove/lessen Accounting Subjects in the Curriculum 2 3

Total 11

Table 38 shows the suggestions of the respondent’s to improve the BSCA

curriculum. 1st, It was observed that the graduates gave suggestions to have an
71
additional on-the-job training hours for the student to have a better exposure in the

corporate world. 2nd, the graduates also suggests that the BSCA curriculum should

incorporate Logistics and Supply Chain Management so that the market of a BSCA

graduate will expand even more. 3rd, they also suggest to provide trainings on SAP

(Systems and Process) because according to them, most of the companies

nowadays are looking for applicants who knows about that system. 4 th, they also

want that minor subjects will be lessen so that the students will focus more on their

major BSCA subjects. 5th, they also suggested that the accounting subject be

removed or lessen since it is not being applied in their current work.


72
Chapter V

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

This chapter presents the summary of findings of educational research based on the

indicated data set forth from the statement of the problem; thus, every table has an

analysis and interpretation and the conclusion were drawn for further

recommendation.

Summary of Findings

The study aims to determine the employment profile of the BSCA graduates

of Adamson University from 2009-2014, which includes all variable like: present

address, contact number, email address, year graduated, professional examination

passed. The study also determined the skills and competencies vested under CHED

memorandum 11-2005 that is relevant to respondent’s present employment. Also,

the study aims to determine the relevance of the major subjects of the BSCA

curriculum to the respondent’s present work. It also determined the relevance of the

skills and competencies mentioned in the Iceberg Model in their respective job

placements. Finally, this paper would like to know the suggestions from the

respondent to improve the BSCA curriculum.

General Profile

The study consisted of 191 graduates of BS in Custom Administration from

Adamson University from 2009-2014. In terms of eligibility, it was found out that 67%
73
or 128 out of 191 respondents are Licensed Customs Broker and 33% or 63 did

not took or failed to pass the Customs Broker Licensure Examination

Employment Profile

In terms of employment profile of the respondents, it was found out that

majority of the group are currently employed in private and government services.

Most of them were found working in a job relevant to their field of specialization such

as Customs Brokerage, Logistics and Supply Chain, Freight Forwarding,

Trucking/Transportation and Shipping Lines. Some of them are also employed in

different government agencies such as Bureau of Customs, Department of Science

and Technology, Philippine Navy, and Local Government of Makati. The researcher

also found out that significant numbers of respondents are currently working in

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) companies such as call center agencies,

sales and marketing, etc. It was also found out that BSCA graduates are also

employable in the field of banking & finance, food services, chemical, and

manufacturing industry.

BSCA Skills and Competencies Under CHED Memorandum Order 11-2005

In terms of skills and competencies embedded under CHED Memorandum

Order 11-2005, the researcher found out that most of the graduates apply these

skills to their current jobs. This is perceived to the fact that most of them are

currently employed in the job areas that are relevant to their field of specialization.

However, most of them find these skills and competencies irrelevant to their
74
respective jobs. This is because some of the BSCA graduates from Adamson

University are presently employed in the industries that are somehow irrelevant to

their field of expertise.

BSCA Major Subjects

In terms of the relevance of BSCA major subjects in the respondent’s present

work, the researcher found out that majority of the respondents find these subjects

very useful in their respective job places. This is perceived to the fact that most of

the respondents are currently employed in the industries, which are relevant to their

course program such as Customs Brokerage, Freight Forwarding, Logistics &

Supply Chain, etc. It was also found out that there are also graduates who find these

subjects irrelevant to their current jobs because some of them are working in BPO’s

such as call centers, marketing, and sales industries.

Competencies under Iceberg Model

In terms of the skills and competencies mentioned in the Iceberg Model, it

was found out that most of the respondents fully apply them in their respective work

places. These soft skills such as communication, analytical reasoning, motivation,

creativity, emotional stability, independence, commitment, and leadership were

believed to have been learned during their stay in Adamson University and is being

applied in their current jobs.


75
Suggestions to Improve BSCA Curriculum

Based on the findings, it was found out that most of the respondents suggests

that there should be an increase on the on-the-job training hours in order for trainees

to be more familiar in the corporate world specially for areas that they apply their

specialization. Some of the graduates also suggest that trainings for Systems and

Process (SAP) should be part of the curriculum for this is essential knowledge for

business nowadays and it will increase the employability for the BSCA graduates.

Also, they also suggest that minor subjects must be decreased or removed in order

for the students to focus more on their major subjects. In line with this thought,

graduates suggest that accounting subjects particularly financial accountings 1 to 3.

It is perceived that graduates suggest the all of these due to their real life experience

in the outside world and so that the future graduates will not experience those things

and be more highly competitive and employable.

Conclusions

Based on the findings, the researcher arrived with the following conclusions:

1. Majority of the graduates are currently employed

2. Most of the respondents have regular status in their respective jobs

3. Majority of the graduates are currently employed in the industries which is

relevant to their specialization

4. Majority of the graduates has a monthly salary of P15, 000 – P20, 000

5. Majority of the graduates is Licensed Customs Broker by profession


76
6. Majority of the subjects in the BSCA curriculum are useful in the

respondent’s current work

7. Majority of the skills and competencies vested under CHED Memorandum

Order 11-2005 are useful in the respondent’s current job

8. Majority of the soft skills mentioned in the Iceberg Model is relevant or

useful in the respondent’s current employment designation

9. Most of the suggestions to improve the BSCA curriculum is to increase the

work hours for OJT

Recommendations

Based from the conclusions, the following recommendations were drawn:

1. The Government, especially Commission on Higher Education (CHED), to

heighten its mandate, should pursue all BSCA graduates to take the Customs

Broker Licensure Examination for them to be able to obtain a competitive edge over

competitors in the labor force and to increase employability as well. Also, they

should also consider lessening or removing minor subjects under CHED

Memorandum 11-2005, which are not relevant or useful in the present jobs of

Customs Administration graduates. Finally, CHED should also continue to supervise,

strengthen, and improve the BSCA program since the findings project thatthe

graduates of this program are employable in various sectors, thus, the program is

contributing to the economy of the Philippines.


77
2. The administration of Adamson University is recommended to look into

the BSCA curriculum to determine the minor subjects that is necessary to be

removed in order for the students to focus more in their major subjects. Also, the

researcher would like to recommend that Adamson University should organize

trainings on SAP and other trainings relevant to the needs of the BSCA graduates so

that they will be well versed with the skills and competencies needed for the to be

employed. Finally, they should continue to improve, strengthen, and supervise the

course program in order to help their graduates land a job in a short period of time.

3. The faculty of the Customs Administration Department is recommended by

the researcher to look into the feedbacks that came from the graduates, which

reflects the areas where they lack and sectors to improve. They should also

inculcate in the students the actualand legal application of customs and tariff laws

and different areas of the curriculum and not teach the student by the contents of the

book only so that they will not be shocked of the corporate scene once they

graduate and land a job. Finally, they should continue to improve faculty instruction

in order for their graduates to be fluent of the tariff and customs laws, rules and

regulation, concerning customs administration.

4. The students of BSCA of Adamson University should continue to study

very well in order for them to land a job. They should also have a knowledge that

there are various industries that is accepting BSCA graduates, thus there is an

assurance that they can really land a job after graduation. Finally, they should take
78
the Customs Broker Licensure Examination for them to be more eligible and have

their edge over other competitors.

5. Future researchers, which will conduct tracer studies, should continuously

trace their graduates in a timely manner in order for the concerned department or

institution to regularly supervise their graduates’ employment status.


79
REFERENCES

E-books
Cardoso, J. L., Escaria, Vito, Ferreira, V. S., Madruga, Paulo,
Raimundo, Alexandra, & Varanda, Marta (2014). Employability and Higher
Education in Portugal: Institute of Social Sciences – University of Lisbon (ICS-
UL), Research Center on Regional and Urban Economics – School of
Economics Management, Technical University of Lisbon (CIRIUS, ISEG, UTL)

Cabegin, E. C., Dacuycuy, Lawrence, & Alba, Michael (2009). Stubborn


Unemployment and Job Insecurity in the Midst of Economic Growth: The
Philippine Case. University of the Philippines Population Institute and De La
Salle University

Bertalanffy, Ludwig (1968). General Systems Theory – Foundations, Development,


Applications. University of Alberta

Lange, Ralf (2001). Manual Tracer Studies: Consult for Management, Trainings, and
Technologies

Jacca, John (2015). Tracer Study. University of Kidapawan

Heidemann, Lutz (2011). Only Successful Graduates Respond to Tracer Studies: A


Myth? Results from the German Cooperation Project Tracer Studies

Farooq, Shujaat. Mismatch Between Education and Occupation: A Case Study of


Pakistani Graduates. National University of Science and Technology (NUST),
Islamabad.

Johansson, A. R. & Tengblad, Stefan (2007). Employability in Working Life:


Graduates’ Expectations and Possibilities After Graduation: Gothenburg
Research Institute (GRI), School of Business, Economics, and Law, Goteborg
University.

Gines, Adelaida (2014). Tracer Study of PNU Graduates: Philippine Normal


University

Gicana, Rodney, Sapul, Shiela, & Pentrante Mary’O (2006). Tracer Study for the
CPU College of Computer Studies Graduates from 2001 to 2005. University
Research Center Central Philippine University.

Verona, Levy Jarito (2011). A Tracer Study of the Employment Status of PUPQC AY
2004-2005.

Cacnio, Faith Christian (2012). Inflation Dynamics and Unemployment Rate in the
Philippines. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Economic Newsletter
80

Jasa, M. D., Jasa, M. A, & Corpuz, Edralyn (2013). Labor Mismatch in the
Philippines: Analysis of the Impact of Education-Occupation Mismatch on
Wage and Analysis of the Beveridge Curve. Economics Department, Faculty
of Arts and Letters University of Sto. Tomas.

Commission on Higher Education & Arcelo, Adriano. CHED Graduate Tracer Study

Balingbing, Arly (2014). Tracer Study of BS in Information Technology (BSIT)


Graduates of Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges, Nabua, Camarines Sur
from 2004 to 2010.

Vong, Chorvy (2015). Tracer Study 2014 Graduates of Year 2012.

Kyaw Kyaw, U (1992). A Tracer Study of Recent Graduates: Implications for


Education and Manpower Planning. Myanmar Education Research Bureau

Kebedom, Negus (2010). Sheba University College Graduates’ Tracer Study.


Quality Assurance Curriculum and Research Office. Sheba University College

Regmi, Punya Prasad (2009). Tracer Study of AIT Graduates

Shongwe, Mzwandile & Ocholla, Dennis. A Tracer Study of LIS Graduates at the
University of Zululand, 2000-2009: Department of Information Studies,
University of Zululand

Celis, M. I., Festijo, Billy, & Cueto, Aristeo (2013). Graduate’s Employability: A
Tracer Study for Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management.
Lyceum of the Philippines Batangas

Macatangay, Luisa (2013). Tracer Study of BSCS Graduates of Lyceum of the


Philippines University from 2004-2009.

Ramirez, Thelma, Cruz, Leonardo, & Alcantara, Nida (2014). Tracer Study of RTU
Graduates: An Analysis. Rizal Technological University, Philippines.

Ahmed, Saifuddin. Methods in Survey Sampling Biostat 140.640. Johns Hopkins


Bloomberg School of Public Health

Repbulic Act No. 9280 –Customs Broker Act of 2004

CHED Memorandum Order 11-2005 – Minimum requirement for the BS Customs


Program
81
Online
http://www.aaronsw.com/weblog/generaltheory

https://explorable.com/stratified-sampling

https://psa.gov.ph/statistics/survey/labor-force

http://www.unam.edu.na/unam-foundation/graduates/
82
APPENDICES

Sample Survey Questionnaire

Dear Graduate:

Good day! Kindly complete this GTS questionnaire as accurately & frankly as possible by

checking (/) the box corresponding to your response. Your answers will be used for research

purposes primarily in order to assess the graduate employability and eventually, improve

course offerings to your alma mater particularly in the BSCA program. Your answers to this

survey will be treated with strictest confidentiality.

GRADUATE TRACER SURVEY (GTS)

PART 1. GENERAL INFORMATION

1.Name (Optional) ______________________________________________


2. Permanent Address ______________________________________________
3. Contact No. ______________________________________________
4. E-mail address: ______________________________________________
5. Year Graduated ______________________________________________
6. Professional Examination Passed
Name of Date Taken Rating
Examination

PART 2. EMPLOYMENT DATA


7. Present Employment Status
83
[ ] Regular [ ] Contractual [ ] Unemployed

[ ] Temporary [ ] Self-employed

8. Designation _________________________________________________
9. Company Name _________________________________________________
10. Company Address _________________________________________________
11. Industry you are presently employed in. Check only one
Private:
[ ] Customs Brokerage [ ] Shipping Lines
[ ] Freight Forwarding [ ] BPO
[ ] Academe [ ] Trucking
[ ] Other(s), please specify _________________________
Government:
[ ] Bureau of Customs [ ] Department of Finance
[ ] Bureau of Internal Revenue [ ] Bureau of Immigration and
Deportation
[ ] Other(s), please specify ________________________
Overseas Filipino Worker [ ] Which country? _____________
12. What is your gross monthly earning?
[ ] Below P5,000.00 [] P15,000.00 to less than P20,000.00

[ ] P5,000.00 to less than P10,000.00 [ ] P20,000.00 to less than P30,000.00

[ ] P10,000.00 to less than P15,000.00 [ ] P30,000.00 and above

PART 3BSCA SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES

13. Kindly rate the skills/competencies of a BS Customs Administration graduate based on


CHED Memorandum Order 11-2005 that you find useful in your current job. (Very useful=4
Useful= 3 Somewhat useful =2 Not very useful =1 Not at all useful= 0)
Please tick the number that best suites your
Skills/Competencies
answer
84
0 1 2 3 4
Give advice or act as consultant in matters
relating to tariff and customs laws, rules,
regulations, and other laws, and
regulations affecting in connection with
activities of importation and exportation.
Prepare customs requisite documents for
import or export
Prepare declaration of customs duties and
taxes
Prepare and process import and export
entries and documents required under
Tariff and Customs Code of the
Philippines (TCCP) for filing with the
Bureau of Customs and other government
agencies
Represent importers and exporters before
any government agency or private entity in
cases relating to valuation and
classification of import and export articles
Render professional services in matters
relating to customs and tariff laws,
procedures and practices
Teach or conduct researches

14. Kindly rate the major subjects under the BSCA curriculum that you find relevant to your

present employment. (Very relevant=4, Relevant=3, Sometimes Relevant=2, Not Very

Relevant=1, Not Relevant=0)

Please tick the number that best suites your


Subject Description answer
0 1 2 3 4
Principles of Customs Administration
The Relationship of Customs to
International Trade
Cargo Handling and Port Operations and
Law on Common Carriers
85
Freight Forwarding and Non Vessel
Operating Common Carrier
Warehousing in General
Customs Administrative Proceedings
Forms, Documentations, Customs
Procedures and Practices and Professional
Customs Broker Practice
Ethics in Customs Broker Profession
Practicum 1
Practicum 2
The Philippine Tariff System and Its
Principles
Classification, Examination and Appraisal
of Imported Articles
Basis of Dutiable Value
Import Taxation
Liquidation of Import Duties
Special Duties, Flexible Clause and other
Trade Agreements
Tariff Laws and Jurisprudence

15. Kindly rate the soft skills, based on the Iceberg Model, that you learned in Adamson

University which you find useful in your current job. (Very Useful=4, Useful=3, Sometimes

Useful=3, Not Very Useful=2, Not Very Useful=1, Not Useful=0)

Please tick the number that best suites your


Soft Skills answer
0 1 2 3 4
Communication Skills
Analytical Reasoning
Motivation
86
Creativity
Independence
Commitment
Emotional Stability
Creativity
Leadership

PART 4. OTHER INFORMATION

16. List down suggestions to improve your course curriculum

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Thank you very much!

__________________________

Signature Over Printed Name


87
CURRICULUM VITAE

MICHAEL M. VALDEZ, LCB


PH2 BLK 11 LOT11 MARYCRIS HOMES BUCANDALA IMUS, CAVITE
09151964238: michaelmvaldez@gmail.com

WORK EXPERIENCE
Paragon Brokerage Inc.June 2012 — December 2012
Customs Representative
Responsibilities:
1. Preparation of import documents (e.g. Bill of lading, Packing List, Invoice, Import Entry,
Import Clearance, etc.) for clearance of goods at the Bureau of Customs;
2. Computation of Duties and Taxes;
3. Classificaiton of imported articles;
4. Processing of import clearance at Bureau of Customs;
5. Other duties as may be instructed by direct superior from time to time.

Emerson Electric Asia, ROHQJanuary 2013 — June 2013


Project Based Administrator
Responsibilities:
To support key members of the “Oracle CRM On Demand” Implementation team by providing
ongoing CRM database maintenance and participating in the implementation and training of
Oracle JDI (Joint Distribution Implementation – Sales Order Management & Inventory,) within
Australia, New Zealand and Manila working with Order Administration Manager, and I.T.
Application Specialist.

Webb Fontaine Asia July 2013 — November 2013


Customs Research Analyst
Responsibilities:
1. Authenticates the validity of trade transactions either through research (on price, on the
company, on the industry or on the commodity) and/or direct communication with Exporters.
2. Verifies if amounts declared in trade documents are in accordance to agreed terms of
Buyer & Seller
3.Validates if these terms are aligned to the valuation principles mandated by the WTO
Agreement on Customs Valuation.
4. Conducts appropriate research methodologies to extract export prices of specific
commodities and provides analyses of relevant information gathered.
5. Updates and maintains applicable databases (e.g. market research DB, and the like).
6. Monitors and ensures the data integrity of all information in these databases.
7. From researches and investigations conducted, prepares and submits Commodity Price
Research reports. These reports include, among others: identification of countries of origin,
product brief, world market analysis, local & international industry profiling, transactional &
non-transactional price indications, and conclusions, if any.
88
8. Provides timely and effective responses to the Webb Fontaine network in relation to
inquiries concerning essential product requirements, valuation service request inquiries.
9. Assists in the resolution of valuation cases, and other requests and / or inquiries by the
utilization of technical expertise on specific goods or commodity.

Webb Fontaine Asia November 2013 — December 2014


Petition Analyst
Responsibilities:
1. Analyze the documents filed by petitioners/importers/exporters and the documents
submitted in support of the petition;
2. Review the relevance and significance of all the documents provided in support of the
petition or claim, to determine if there is any merit for a review or reassessment of the
valuation and classification opinion as provided by the relevant VC analyst;
3. Conduct comprehensive investigation and evaluation of transaction and assure
appropriate valuation methods based on GATT Valuation Methodology and WCO HS
classification opinions were applied by the relevant VC/Research analyst;
4. Utilize applicable business rules, explanatory notes, compendium, and other related or
similar references when providing valuation and HS classification opinions which would result
to either the rejection or acceptance of a petition;
5. Reject or accept petitions based on quality and technically-defensible opinions on HS
classifications of product descriptions and the WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation.
6. Provide a concise and complete correspondence stating reasons for rejection or
acceptance of a petition;
7. Assure a timely and correct completion of petition response as per any agreed service
standard timeframes; and

Webb Fontaine Asia January 2015 — Present


Petition Specialist
Responsibilities:
1. Provides coaching on classification of commodities in the Harmonized Tariff
System Nomenaclature and customs valuation methods plus correct technical
correspondence relating to Petition.
2. Evaluate and analyze transactions submitted to Customs Arbitration Committees
as may be required;
89
3. Review and analyze HS classification and valuation assessment on trade
transactions provided by WF analysts using applicable rules in the WCO HS
Classification and WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation;
4. Provide significant and sufficient evidence to support/reject the customs valuation
and HS classification opinion made by WF utilizing information present in WF Price
5. Database and apply appropriate research methodologies if needed;

QUALIFICATIONS
1. Customs Brokers Licensure Examination (2012)
2. Petition Analyst of the Year (2013)

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
BS – Customs Administration (June 2009 – March 2012
Master in Customs Administration (June 2013 – Present)

REFERENCES
1. Novie Shane F. Florida, LCB-MCA
Consultant – Paragon Brokerage Corp.
Mobile: 09176550100

2. Jayvee Ann B, Magdarag, LCB


Customs Research Analyst – Webb Fontaine Asia
Mobile: 09773319160

3. Julio B. Corsino
Budget Officer – Court of Appeals
Mobile: 09178710466

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