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The authors want to extend her wholehearted thanks and

gratitude to everyone who contributed financially, spiritually, morally

and psychologically and to these who were much involved in the

accomplishment of the study.

To her adviser, Ms. Kristine T. Noveda, who willingly accept

them as their adviser and sharing her knowledge, advices and

constructive criticisms.

To her parents for their countless moral and financial support

and boundless love, for without them this study would not make


Most of all, to the Almighty God for the wisdom, blessings in

making this study a reality.

Thank you so much!


Title Page i
Acknowledgement ii
Table of Contents iii

Background of the Study 1
Objectives of the Study 2
Scope and Delimitation of the Study 4
Time and Place of the Study 4
Operational Definition of Terms 5


Medicinal Plants 7
Significance Role of Medicinal Plants 9
Importance of Medical Plants in Biodiversity 10
and Medicine

Complete Fertilizer 12


Materials 16
Experimental Design and Treatment 17
Treatment 18
Experimental Layout 19
Application of Fertilizer 19
Date to be Gathered 20
Degree of Abundance of the Medicinal Plants 21

Green onion (Allium fistolusum) is young shoot of bulb onion and

is milder tasting than large bulb onions. They have a small not fully

developed while bulb ends with label year-round (Walter, 1991).

Onions are widely grown vegetables that belong to the genus

Allium. Almost all the plants in this group are strongly flavored and

have a sharp odor (Lippincott, 2011).

Onions can be used in almost every type of food including

cooked food and fresh salad. They are found in a large number of

recipes and preparation spanning almost the totality of the world’s

culture. Depending on the variety, an onion can be sharp, spicy,

tangy, pungent mild or sweet. The whole plant is edible and is used as

food in some form or the other (Palco, 2009).

Inorganic fertilizers tend to be more concentrated in nutrients

than organic fertilizers, and nutrient inorganic fertilizer are usually

more fast released. This means that larger amount of inorganic

fertilizer are needed, but their effect will fast than organic fertilizers

are however not always balanced in nutrients, and it is more difficult

to estimate how much to use compare to commercial fertilizer (Palco,

Onions are cool-season biennial plants (requiring two seasons to

complete the cycle from seed to seed) that commercially grown as an

annual crop. Growth is also dependent on temperature the minimum

for emergence is higher than for most other cool-season vegetables at

55 °F (12.8°C) for 70 percent emergence in up to 2 weeks

(Encyclopedia, 2008).

Complete fertilizer contains the three nutrients plant need in the

largest amount for optimum growth. Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and

Potassium (K) also called triple 14 that means it is made up of 14%

phosphorus and 14% potassium (Glass, 2003).

Objectives of the Study

The study aims to determine the growth performance of potted

green onions applied with complete fertilizer.

Specifically, it aims to:

a. Evaluate the growth performance of potted green onion applied

with complete fertilizer;

b. Determine which fertilizer enhances optimum growth of potted

green onion; and

c. Determine the growth of green onion influence of complete


Scope and Delimitation of the Study

The study will be limited only on the growth performance

of potted green onion applied with compete fertilizer.

Time and Place of the Study

The study will be conducted near ASSCAT, Bunawan,

Agusan del Sur from July to October 2017.

Operational Definition of Terms

Growth refers to the accumulated increase in the height and

diameter of the plant.

Green Onion with a long stalk and green leaves often eaten raw

as in salad.
Tiller refers to the shoot from the base of a stem

Harvesting in the deliberate separation of the economics part

from the sources and green onion was harvested 45 days after

planting. The sample plants were gathered separately and


Palm oil sludge refers to the material that remains after

decanting the palm oil mill effluent.

Inorganic fertilizer refers to the commercially manufactured

fertilizer that contains high readily available nutrient element.


The onion family, Amaryllidaceae, is by the most important bulb

vegetable. It is used both in its green stage as a scallion, or green

onion, and its mature stage as a bulb. The volatile oil that is the

source of the onions pungent flavor onions vary in color white, yellow

and red pre-dominating cultivars range from mild to pungent valued

for their flavor, onions are low in nutrients (Groilier Academic

Encyclopedia, 1988).

Onion are heavy feeders and require a considerable amount of

fertilizer, particularly nitrogen, however because green onion are

harvested before reaching maturity. They will not require as much

fertilizer as day bulb onions. Nitrogen (N) is important for proper

foliage growth and good green color. At least 25 percent of the nitrogen

applied should be in the nitrate form because high rates of ammonium

containing fertilizer can be toxic to onions (Palco, 2009).

Green onions are young onion harvested when their crops are

green and the undeveloped bulbs are 13 mm or less in diameter. Their

flavor is a mild and the entire onions sources (Encyclopedia

Britannica, 2008).
Green onion is usually cultivated as an annual or biennial. It

has an aromatic substances used for flavoring and have been

commonly classified among species. Plant use a lot of nitrogen

because it is a plant of many important compounds including

chlorophyll, nitrogen promotes vegetative growth (Gamutan, 2005).

Complete fertilizer contains the three nutrients plant need in the

longest amount for optimum growth. Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and

Potassium (K) also called triple 14. That means it is made up of 14%

nitrogen, 14% phosphorus and 14% potassium (Glass, 2003).


Experimental Design and Treatment

The study will be carried out in a Randomized Complete Blocks

Design (RCBD) with three (3) treatments and three (3) replications.

The experimental treatments are as follows:

T0 – Control

T1 – 1g of complete fertilizer (14-14-14) per plant

T2 – 2g of complete fertilizer (14-14-14) per plant

Experimental Layout

T0 T0 T1

T2 T1 T2

T1 T2 T0

Application of Fertilizer

Application of fertilizer before planting follows the specific

amount for each treatment base on recommended rate of fertilizer.

Data to be Gathered

1.Plant Height (cm). This data will be obtained counting and

recording the number of days where 50% of the plant tillers

start to come out .

2.Weight of plant (g). This will be obtained by weighing the plant

Using digital weighing scale .

3.Number of leaves. This data will be obtained by counting the

number of five sample plantsat the termination of the study .

4.Width of leaves . This data will measure the width of plant

Using tape measure .

5.Plant length . This data will be obtained by measuring the

length per plant .


R-I R-II R-III Total Mean

T0 203 256.4 279.2 738.6 246.2
T1 245.6 261.6 216.4 723.6 241.2
T2 272.8 277.4 271 821.2 273.73
Rep. Total 721.4 795.4 766.6
Grand 2283.4
Grand 761.13


SV Df Ss Ms Fc 5% 1%
Replication 2 927.61 463.81
Treatment 2 184.5 920.75 1.22 6.94 18.00
Error 4 2999.06 749.77
NS= not significant

Total CV =98.51


R-I R-II R-III Total Mean

T0 6.4 4.6 6.4 17.4 5.8
T1 6 6 5.8 17.8 5.9
T2 5.6 7.6 6.4 19.6
Rep .Total 18 18.2 18.6 6.5
Grand 54.8
Grand 18.2

SV Df Ss Ms Fc 5% 1%
Replication 2 0.06 0.03
Treatment 2 0.92 0.46 0.02 6.94 18.00
Error 4 61.91 15.48
Ns=Not significant

Total CV=85.05


Rep.I Rep.II Rep.III Total Mean

TO 193.6 190.8 185.2 569.6 189.87
T1 217.8 167.8 105.4 491 163.67
T2 217 196.8 192.6 606.4 202.13
Rep.Total 628.4 555.4 483.2
Grand 1667
Grand 555.67


SV df SS MS FC 5% 1%
Replication 2 3513.88 1756.94
Treatment 2 2316.6 1068.3 0.13 6.94 18.00
Error 4 32065.56 8016.39
Ns=not significant

Total CV=1442.65


T0 5.4 4.6 4.4 14.4 4.8
T1 7 6.2 1.48 14.6 4.89
T2 8 5.2 8 2.2 4.24
Total 20.4 16 13.88
Grand 50.28
Grand 13.93


SV df SS MS FC 5% 1%
Replcation 2 7.37 3.685
Treatmeant 2 290.77 145.39 0.25 6.94 18.00
Error 4 2246.31 561.58
Ns=not significant

Total CV= 4031.44