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ASSIGNMENT-3

EECTROMAGNETIC THEORY (EC-2014)

Magnetostatic Fields (Chater-7)


Magnetic Forces, Materials, and Devices (Chapter-8)

Magnetostatic Fields (Chater-7)


Biot-Savart’s Law
1.

2.

3.

4.

Ampere’s Circuit Law

5. Current sheets of 20ax A/m and −20ax A/m are located at y=1 and y=-1, respectively.
 

Find H in the region -1<y<1.
6. An infinitely long cylindrical conductor of radius a is placed along z-axis. If the current
 J  
density is J = 0 az , where J0 is constant, find H everywhere.
ρ
 ρ   
7. Let H = k0 ( )aφ , ρ < a , where k0 is a constant, (a) Find J for ρ < a , (b) Find H for
a
ρ <a.
 
8. Let H = y 2 ax + x 2 a y A/m, find J at (-1,-4, 7).
 
 
9. Assume a conductor, H = 103 ρ 2 aφ A/m. (a) Find J . (b) Calculate the current through the


surface 0 < ρ < 2, 0 < φ < 2π , z = 0 .


Magnetic Flux Density

10. In a free space, the magnetic flux density is B = y 2 ax + z 2 a y + x 2 az Wb/m2, (a) Show that
   

B is a magnetic field, (b) Find the flux through x = 1, 0 < y < 1,1 < z < 4 and (c)

Calculate J .
 20
11. In free space B = sin 2 φ az Wb/m2. Determine the magnetic flux crossing the strip

ρ
π
z = 0,1 < ρ < 2m, 0 < φ < .
4
 2  1
12. If B = 3 cos θ ar + 3 sin θ aθ Wb/m2,find the magnetic flux through the spherical cap

r r
π
r = 1, θ < .
3
Maxwell’s Equations
13. Consider the following arbitrary fields. Find out which of them can possibly represent
the electrostatic or magnetostatic field in free space

(a ) A = y cos axax + ( y + e − x )az
 
 20 
(b) B = aρ
ρ

(c)C = r 2 sin θ aφ


14. Reconsider the problem.13 for the following fields



(a ) D = y 2 za x + 2( x + 1) yza y − ( x + 1) z 2 az
  

 ( z + 1)  sin φ 
(b) E = − cos φ aρ + az
ρ ρ
 1
(c) F = 2 (2 cos θ ar + sin θ aφ )
 
r
Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials


15. In a certain region ( µ = µ0 ), the magnetic potential is A = − µ0 k ( x 2 + y 2 )az Wb/m where


k is a constant. Determine the magnetic field intensity H .
16. The magnetic vector potential of a current distribution in free space is given
  π
by A = 15e − ρ sin φ az Wb/m.

Find H at (3, , −10) . Calculate the flux
4
π
through ρ = 5, 0 ≤ φ ≤ , 0 ≤ z ≤ 10 .
2
 10
17. Given that A = sin θ aφ Wb/m find H at point (4, 600, 300).
 
r
  
18. In free space, A = 10sin π yax + (4 + cos π x)az Wb/m. Find H and J .
 

19. The magnetic vector potential at a distant point from a small circular loop is given by
 A 
A = 20 sin θ aφ Wb/m, where A0 is a constant. Determine the magnetic flux density B .

r
20. The magnetic field intensity in a certain conducting medium is

H = xy 2 ax + x 2 za y − y 2 zaz A/m. (a) Calculate the current density at the point P (2, -1, 3)
  

∂ρ v
and (b) What is at point P.
∂t
Magnetic Forces, Materials, and Devices (Chapter-8)
Forces due to Magnetic Fields
  
21. 1 mC charge with velocity 10ax − 2a y + 6az m/s enters a region where the magnetic flux
density is 25az Wb/m2. (a) Calculate the force on the charge; (b) Determine the electric


field intensity necessary to make the velocity of the charge constant.


   
22. A 4mC charge has the velocity u = 1.4ax − 3.2a y − az m/s at a point P (2, 5,-3) in the
presence of E = 2 xyzax + x 2 za y + x 2 ya z V/m and B = y 2 ax + z 2 a y + x 2 az Wb/m2. Find the
       

force on the charge at P.


23. A particle of mass 2 kg and charge 10 mC starts at the origin with velocity
u = (2ax + 5a y ) × 103 m/s. If the electric field in the region is 30ax xV/m, calculate its
   

velocity and position at t=4s.


24. A -2 mC charge starts at point (0, 1, 2) with a velocity of 5 ax m/s in a magnetic field


B = 6a y Wb/m2. Determine the position and velocity of the particle after 10s assuming
 

that the mass of the charge is 1 gram. Describe the motion of charge.
25. Given that B = 4ax − 8az Wb/m2, find the force it exerts on a 0.2-m conductor on the y-
  

axis with a current 2A in the − ax direction.




Magnetic Boundary Condition

26. Region 1, for which µ1 = 2.5µ0 , is defined by z < 0 , while region 2, for which µ2 = 4 µ0 ,
is defined by z > 0 . If B1 = 6ax − 4.2a y + 1.8az mWb/m2, find H 2 and the angle H 2 makes
     

with the interface.


27. If µ1 = 2 µ0 for region ( 0 < φ < π ) and µ2 = 5µ0 for region ( π < φ < 2π ) and
B2 = 10aρ + 15aφ − 20az mWb/m2, Calculate B1 , (b) the energy densities in the two media.
    
28. Region 1 ( x < 0 ) is free space, while the region 2 ( x > 0 ) is a magnetic material with
µ = 50 µ0 . If B1 = 40ax − 30a y + 10az mWb/m2, find H 2 .
    

29. Suppose space is divided into region ( y < 0, µ1 = µ0 µ r1 ) and region 2 ( y > 0, µ1 = µ0 µr 2 ).
 
If H1 = α ax − β a y + δ az A/m, find H 2 .
  

30. Region 1 is y > 0 with µ1 = µ0 , while the region y < 0 with µ2 = 12 µ0 . If


B2 = 1.4ax + 0.6a y − 2az Wb/m2, find H1 and B1 .
     

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Answers
  
1) (b) 0.7433ax + 0.382a y + 0.140az A/m
2) Proof
      
3) (a) 28.471a y mA/m,(b) −5.1a x + 1.7 a y mA/m, (c) 13(− ax + a y ) mA/m and (d) 5.1ax + 1.7 a y
mA/m
 
4) −1.47 ax − 49.12a y mA/m
5) −20ax A/m


Hφ = J 0 , 0 < ρ < a
6) J 0a
Hφ = ,ρ > a
ρ
2 k0  a 
7) (a) az , ρ < a (b) k0 ( )aφ , ρ > a
a ρ
8)10 az A/m2


9) (a) 3ρ × 103 az A/m2, (b) 50.265 kA




2
10) (a) Proof, (b)1 Wb, (c) − ( zax + xa y + yaz ) A/m2
  
µ0
11)2.854 Wb
12)4.7123 Wb

13) (a) Neither electrostatic nor magnetostatic field, (b) Either E -field in a charge=free region or

H -field, (c) Could be magnetostatic field.
14) (a) Possibly magnetostatic field, (b) Could be magnetostatic field, (c) Neither electrostatic
nor magnetostatic field.
 
15) −2kyax + 2kxa y
16) 1.011 Wb
17) 4.974 × 105 ar A/m


π π2
18) (sin π xa y − 10 cos π yaz ) A/m, (10sin π yax − cos π xaz ) A/m2
   
µ0 µ0
A0
19) (2 cos θ ar + sin θ aθ ) Wb/m2
 
3
r
20) (a) 2ax + 16a y (b)0C/m3s
 
   
21) (a) −0.05ax − 0.25a y N, (b) 50ax + 250a y N
  
22) −152.8ax − 170.4a y − 189.6az mN
23) (2600, 5000, 0) m/s, (9200, 20000, 0)
 
24) (0.2419, 1, 1.923), 4.071ax − 2.903a y m/s. The particle gyrates in a circle in the y=1 plane
with center at (0, 1. 19/12).
25) 3.2ax + 1.6az N
 

26) 1909.86ax − 1336.9a y + 358.1az A/m, 8.730


  

27) (a) 4aρ + 15aφ − 8az mWb/m2, (b) 60.68 J/m3, 57.7 J/m3
  
  
28) 0.6366ax − 23.87 a y + 7.957 az kA/m
 µ
29) α ax + r1 β a y + δ az
 
µr 2
30) (0.0929ax + 0.4775a y − 0.1327az ) × 106 A/m, 0.1167 ax + 0.6a y − 0.1667 a z Wb/m2