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YEAR 8 EXTENSION SCIENCE

IMCC 2017
CELLS AND LIVING SYSTEMS

Year 8 Content Descriptions

Science Understanding

Biological sciences

Biology - to be delivered in Term 3


(18th July to 22nd September:
10 teaching weeks)

Cells are the basic units of living things and have specialised structures and functions (ACSSU149)

Elaborations

● examining a variety of cells using a light microscope, by digital technology or by viewing a simulation
● distinguishing plant cells from animal or fungal cells
● identifying structures within cells and describing their function
● recognising that some organisms consist of a single cell
● recognising that cells reproduce via cell division
● describing mitosis as cell division for growth and repair

Multi-cellular organisms contain systems of organs that carry out specialised functions that enable them to survive and reproduce (ACSSU150)

Elaborations

● identifying the organs and overall function of a system of a multicellular organism in supporting the life processes
● describing the structure of each organ in a system and relating its function to the overall function of the system
● comparing similar systems in different organisms such as digestive systems in herbivores and carnivores, respiratory systems in fish and
mammals
● distinguishing between asexual and sexual reproduction
● comparing reproductive systems of organisms
Year 7 8 9 10
Science There are differences within and Cells are the basic units of living Multi-cellular organisms rely on The transmission of heritable
Understandings between groups of organisms; things and have specialised coordinated and interdependent characteristics from one generation
classification helps organise this structures and functions internal systems to respond to to the next involves DNA and genes
Biological diversity changes to their environment
Sciences Multi-cellular organisms contain The theory of evolution by natural
Interactions between organisms systems of organs that carry out Ecosystems consist of selection explains the diversity of
can be described in terms of specialised functions that enable communities of interdependent living things and is supported by a
food chains and food webs; them to survive and reproduce organisms and abiotic range of scientific evidence
human activity can affect these http://www.australiancurric components of the environment; http://www.australiancurricul
interactions matter and energy flow through
ulum.edu.au/Curriculum/Co these systems um.edu.au/Curriculum/Conte
ntentDescription/ACSSU15 ntDescription/ACSSU185
0 They analyse how biological
systems function and respond to
external changes with reference to
interdependencies, energy
transfers and flows of matter.
Science Inquiry
Skills
Students identify questions that Students identify and construct Students design questions that can Students develop questions and
Questioning and can be investigated scientifically. questions and problems that they be investigated using a range of hypotheses and independently design
predicting can investigate scientifically. inquiry skills. and improve appropriate methods of
investigation, including fieldwork and
laboratory experimentation.
They explain how they have
They plan fair experimental They consider safety and ethics considered reliability, safety, fairness
methods, identifying variables to when planning investigations, They design methods that include and ethical actions in their methods
be changed and measured. including designing field or the control and accurate and identify where digital technologies
Planning and experimental methods.
conducting measurement of variables and can be used to enhance the quality of
systematic collection of data and data.
describe how they considered ethics
and safety.

They identify variables to be When analysing data, selecting


They select equipment that changed, measured and controlled. They analyse trends in data, identify evidence and developing and
improves fairness and accuracy relationships between variables and justifying conclusions, they identify
and describe how they considered reveal inconsistencies in results.
Processing and alternative explanations for findings
safety. Students construct representations
analysing data and and explain any sources of
of their data to reveal and analyse
information uncertainty.
patterns and trends, and use these
Students draw on evidence to when justifying their conclusions.
support their conclusions.

They explain how modifications to


methods could improve the quality They analyse their methods and the
of their data and apply their own quality of their data, and explain Students evaluate the validity and
They summarise data from scientific knowledge and specific actions to improve the reliability of claims made in secondary
different sources, describe trends investigation findings to evaluate quality of their evidence. sources with reference to currently
and refer to the quality of their claims made by others. held scientific views, the quality of the
data when suggesting
improvements to their methods. methodology and the evidence cited.
Evaluating
They evaluate others’ methods and
They use appropriate language and explanations from a scientific They construct evidence-based
representations to communicate perspective and use appropriate arguments and select appropriate
They communicate their ideas, language and representations when
methods and findings using science ideas, methods and findings representations and text types to
in a range of text types. communicating their findings and communicate science ideas for
scientific language and ideas to specific audiences.
appropriate representations. specific purposes.

Communicating
Science as a
Human Scientific knowledge changes
Endeavour as new evidence becomes Scientific understanding,
available, and some scientific including models and theories,
discoveries have significantly Refer to year 7 descriptors. Refer to year 9 descriptors.
are contestable and are refined
changed people’s over time through a process of
Nature and understanding of the world
development of review by the scientific
Science community
Science knowledge can
develop through collaboration Advances in scientific
and connecting ideas across understanding often rely on
the disciplines of science developments in technology
Science and technology and technological advances are
contribute to finding solutions often linked to scientific
to a range of discoveries
Contemporary issues; these
solutions may impact on other
areas of society and involve People can use scientific
ethical considerations knowledge to evaluate whether
they should accept claims,
Science understanding explanations or predictions
influences the development of
Use and influence practices in areas of human Advances in science and
of Science activity such as industry, emerging sciences and
agriculture and marine and technologies can significantly
terrestrial resource affect people’s lives, including
management generating new career
opportunities
People use understanding
and skills from across the The values and needs of
disciplines of science in their contemporary society can
occupations influence the focus of scientific
research
Week Topic Content Activities Resources and Assessment and
Experiments Homework
1 Cells Animal, Plant and Fungal cells ● Draw and label cells ● Pearson Ch. 2.2 ● Unit Review
(short (ACSSU149) ● Distinguish between plant ● Construct a cell ● Activity sheets questions 1-10
week) cells , animal cells and (groups) 2.2; 2.3; 2.4 ● Activity sheets
fungal cells, giving ● Review questions
function to their parts http://www.bbc.c
Work sheets o.uk/bitesize/ks3/
Function of the organelles About cell science/organism
● Nucleus, cytoplasm, Cell Information s_behaviour_hea
vacuole, cell membrane, Cells lth/cells_systems
cell wall, mitochondria, /activity/
ribosomes, lysosomes, Review MRS C
endoplasmic reticulum GREN
● Identifying structures
within cells and describing
their function
2 Microscopes Examine a variety of cells using a ● Label microscopes ● Pearson Ch. 2.1 ● Unit Review
(ACSSU149) light microscope, by digital ● Practical activity 1 ● Practical questions. 2.1
technology or by viewing a (preparing a wet Activities 2.1 ● Label microscope
simulation mount) worksheet.
● Set up microscopes
● Names to parts of the with a range of
microscopes and their function prepared slides,
● Both monocular and binocular students move around
● Magnification calculations the room and draw
● Electron microscopes (just each animal slide.
discuss) (Refer to skill-
builder, p55-
drawing)

Work sheets
Basic Microscope
Cells and Microscopes
Microscope
Microscope No Labels
3 Specialised Examine specialised cells ● Pearson Ch. 2.3 ● Microscope
cells involved in structure and function ● Inquiring questions 2 ● Practical Practical
(ACSSU150) of particular organs &4 (p62) Activities 2.3
● Activity 2.3 ● Unit Review
Unicellular organisms questions 2.3
● recognise that some organisms Work sheets
consist of a single cell Specialised Cell
Multi-cellular organisms Virus Cells
● examining the specialised Muscles cells
cells and tissues involved in
structure and function of
particular organs
Draw and discuss specialised
animal and plant cells
● Specialised animal cells -
Muscle, nerve, blood, fat
● Specialised plant cells guard,
conducting, root hairs,
structural
3 Cell to Examine the specialised cells and ● Practical activity 2.4 ● Pearson Ch. 2.4 ● Review questions
cont’d organism tissues involved in structure and (Part 1 & 2) ● Activity sheet
ACSSU150) function of particular organs Work sheets 2.8
Tissue Organ Systems
● Epithelium, Connective,
Muscle, Nervous
Organs
● Liver, kidney, heart, lungs
Systems
● Respiratory, skeletal,
excretory, nervous,
reproductive, circulatory
Recognise that cells reproduce via
cell division
● describing mitosis as cell
division for growth and repair
● DETAIL DESCRIPTION OF
PHASES Cells Test
4 Living ●Identify the organs and overall ● Types of digestion ● Pearson Ch. 3.1 ● Review questions 1-
systems function of a system of ● Small intestine ● Practical activity 10
(ACSSU150) multicellular organism in ● Large intestine 3.1
supporting the life process. ● Digestive disorders
Digestive ● Describe the structure of each Work sheets http://www.bbc.c
system organ in a system relating it s Digestive System o.uk/education/to
function to the overall Digestive System cutout pics/zf339j6
function of the system activity
● Describe the specialised cells Label the Digestive
and tissues involved in the system
structure.
● INTRODUCE ENZYMES
AND THEIR PROPERTIES,
PRODUCTS
5 Recognise structure of the ● Respiration word - ● Pearson Ch. 3.2 ● Chapter review 3.2
(short Breathing and Respiratory System and its parts and symbol equation ● Practical
week) respiration and function ● Mechanics of Activities 3.2
(ACSSU150) Gas exchange in the alveoli breathing http://www.bbc.co.u
Work sheets k/education/topics/z
● Respiratory Diseases vrrd2p/resources/1

6 Structure of the Heart ● Heart dissection ● Pearson Ch. 3.3 ● Chapter review 3.3
(short Circulation Vessels ● Observe Microscope ● Practical ● Heart Practical
week) (ACSSU150) ● Arteries, Veins And slides of Arteries, Activities 3.3
Capillaries Veins And
Blood Capillaries
● WBC, RBC, Platelets, Plasma Blood- WBC, RBC,
Platelets,
Work sheets
Circulatory System
Transport of blood
Vessels

7 Muscles and Function of the skeleton ● Observe skeleton, ● Pearson Ch. 3.4 ● Chapter review 3.4
Bones ● Production, Protection, and joint models ● Practical
(ACSSU150) Movement, Support Activities 3.4
Recognise the structure of the
bone and types
● Spongy, compact
Types of joints
● Hinge, ball and socket, pivot,
saddle
● How ligaments hold joints in
place
Muscle function and naming of
basic groups
● How tendons work with
muscles and bones
8 Waste Processes of excretion by organs ● Practical activity pp. ● Pearson Chapter ● Review questions
disposal ● Lungs, liver, skin, kidney 124 3.5
(ACSSU150) Structure of the kidney Work sheets ● Practical Activity
Kidney diseases ● Kidney dialysis 3.5

9 Asexual and Distinguish between asexual and ● Flower dissection ● Pearson Chapter ● Review questions 4.2
sexual sexual reproduction in plants and Work sheets 4.2
reproduction animals Asexual reproduction ● Practical Activity
(ACSSU150) Compare reproductive systems of Flowering plants 4.2
organisms Parts of a flowering Plant
Plant reproduction http://www.bbc.co.u
k/education/topics/z
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10 REVISION ● Unit test

Assessment Outline

ASSESSMENT TYPE TITLE WORTH

Test Mid term test: Cells 5%

Unit test Biological Science Topic Test 15%