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Verbal Ability - Online practice Test 27

Directions for questions 1 to 3: In each of the following questions, choose the option that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

1. 2.

Privacy is a value which calls for protection because of the individual's Sometimes we encounter a certain difficulty in communicating with
psychological need to preserve an intrusion-free zone of personality and people: something just does not seem to add up. We may make
family. For that reason, it appears in all the human rights treaties, comments and receive responses that are so intense that they seem out
although they speak in the same breath of the right to freedom of of all proportion. Or we may find ourselves feeling very strongly about
expression. These two rights are often perceived to conflict and, thanks ordinary events or simple conversations. _________
to the media's self-interest, _________.

(1) After all, we are only humans.


(1) the latter attracts undivided attention while the former is hardly spoken of (2) This is quite acceptable, considering that no two persons think alike.
(2) support of one is considered criticism of the other (3) This points to our insensitivity and inattention.
(3) reports of violations of these rights are blown out of proportion (4) We often make mistakes inspite of our best efforts.
(4) the thinking public is now polarised over which of the two rights is (5) Are we reacting as we did long ago, in other situations, with people from our
paramount past?
(5) no one is sure about which is more important

3. 4.

A major feature of good endings is that they feel right. There are no loose (1) Monsanto claims that rBST is the most heavily researched veterinary
ends. People are given time to prepare to say good bye and feel part of product in history.
what is taking place - they have some understanding of what is (2) Cows injected with rBST once in every 14 or 28 days show increase
happening. This does not mean that there is no pain or sadness, that in milk yields by between 15 and 25 percent.
things are made all right. _________ (3) However, doubts have persisted about the effects of long-term rBST
use on animal health, thus raising animal welfare concerns.
(4) It is believed that long-term rBST use will lead to an increase in
(1) It just helps people ignore the pain. production related diseases.
(2) It just helps people feel less powerless.
(3) It just helps people understand the situation. (1) IFJJ
(4) It just helps people consider the available choices. (2) FFIF
(5) It just helps people banish regrets. (3) FFIJ
(4) FFFJ
(5) IFFJ

5. 6.

(1) Planes, trains and automobiles could one day last a whole lot longer, 1. Mankind has a habit of surviving the worst catastrophes created by its
thanks to a smart coating that stops rust in its tracks. own errors or by the violent turns of nature; and it must be so, if there is
(2) The material reacts to damage by releasing a substance that blocks to be any meaning in its existence.
corrosion, then reseals the breach. A. In the end, he must arrive at some kind of world-state, unitary or
(3) While it is currently used on aluminium, the day is not far off when it federal, or a confederacy or a coalition.
will be modified for use on iron and steel. B. The long history and continuous survival of mankind is not the
(4) The process could provide a feasible alternative to chrome plating. accident of a fortuitously self-organizing chance, which it must be, in a
purely materialistic view of the nature of the world.
C. The ideal of human unity would then no longer be an unfulfilled ideal
(1) JFII but an accomplished fact and its preservation given into the charge of the
(2) JFIJ united human peoples.
D. If man intends to survive and carry forward the evolution of which he
(3) FFIJ is at present the head, and to some extent, a half-conscious leader of its
(4) IFIJ march, he must come out of his present chaotic international life and
(5) IFII arrive at a beginning of organized united action.
6. Already, the incredible prediction about the "United States of Europe"
has almost come true and the fulfilment of the prophecy about a
world-state will take a little longer.

(1) DABC
(2) ADBC
(3) DBAC
(4) BDCA
(5) BDAC

7. 8.

1. In recent times, philosophers of science have taken the Laws of Nature The Bush administration and the Department of Defence are among the
as they appear in the physical sciences as descriptions of tendencies and winners of the 2007 Jefferson Muzzle awards, given on Tuesday by a
regularities that pre-exist our attempts to describe them. free-speech group to those it considers the most egregious violators of
A. However, from time to time, philosophers have tried to combine both free speech rights in the past year. The administration appears on the list
points of view. compiled by the Thomas Jefferson Centre for the Protection of Free
B. It has been argued that our beliefs have some role in what we are able Expression for its efforts to discourage and sometimes censor
to observe of the multi-faceted face of nature. government scientist's reports, notably on global warming, the centre
C. Perhaps the very organization of primitive sensory experience into said "the number of major scientists who have come forward and
patterns, owes something, perhaps a great deal, to our prior beliefs and indicated that they were constrained by the administration viewpoint is
the inbuilt patterning tendencies of our mind. quite worrisome", Centre Director, Robert M.O’Neil told AP. "There have
D. Most philosophers, now believe, that the Laws play no part in the been similar concerns arising in other areas but we wanted to focus
genesis of natural regulations or the natural tendencies that are displayed specifically on climate change as the most invaded or intruded area."
in nature.
6. Sometimes, philosophers have used the expression "Laws of Nature"
both for the regularities described and for the statements that describe (1) Due to its excessive concern with climate change, the Thomas Jefferson
them. Centre for the Protection of Free Expression, has chosen the Bush administration
for the 2007 Jefferson Muzzle awards.
(2) The Bush administration and the Department of Defence have been violating
(1) DABC the right to free speech. Keeping this in mind a free speech group has declared
(2) ABDC these two bodies as the winners of the 2007 Jefferson Muzzle award.
(3) DACB (3) On the basis of the evidence provided by some scientists, Robert M.O’Neil
(4) DBAC the Centre Director of the Thomas Jefferson Centre for the Protection of Free
Expression has put the Bush administration and the Department of Defence on
(5) CDAB its list of violators of free speech.

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(4) The Bush administration and the Department of Defence are among the
recipients of the 2007 Jefferson Muzzle awards. They have been chosen for this
award by the Thomas Jefferson Centre for the Protection of Free Expression for
what it considers to be violations of free speech rights done by these two bodies.
(5) The Thomas Jefferson Centre for the Protection of Free Expression has
awarded the 2007 Jefferson Muzzle award to the Bush administration for
consistently censoring the reports of scientists especially on global warming.

9. 10.

Psychological warfare, or psy-war as it is known in the military lexicon, is Contrary to popular opinion, bats are not generally _____ and rabid; most
a little understood aspect of the science of warfare, and its intrinsic low of them are shy and _____.
visibility adds to the opacity that characterises this very crucial tool of
national security. Arunkumar Bhatt has rendered yeoman service by
bringing out a very readable volume; he illuminates a difficult subject by (1) dangerous . . . harmless
his lucid and cogent presentation. Organised into 12 chapters, the book (2) pernicious . . . diffident
mainly dwells on the origins of psy-war and swiftly traces the use of this
tool in ancient times and cuts to the modern period from World War I (3) aggressive . . . innocuous
onwards. In like fashion, the use of psy-war tactics in World War II (4) contumacious . . . nascent
through the Cold War years leading to the 9/11 tragedy are detailed with (5) obnoxious . . . gentle
the workman-like competence of a journalist. And it is only after this vast
panoramic sweep that the author focuses on the Indian experience.

(1) The crucial but little understood concept of Psychological warfare has been
dealt with by Arunkumar Bhatt, in his book. The book elucidates psy-war by
tracing its history through different ages and different wars.
(2) Psychological warfare, also known as psy-war, is the most cryptic, but the
most essential aspect of the science of military warfare. Little is known about it,
which is possibly a reason for its being so mysterious. Arunkumar Bhatt has
recently published a book on this topic.
(3) Arunkumar Bhatt has written a fairly descriptive book about Psychological
warfare. The book has 12 chapters and traces the history of this aspect of warfare
from its earliest beginnings to the present.
(4) The very important concept of Psychological warfare has been dealt with in
great detail by Arunkumar Bhatt in his book.
(5) Little was known about psychological warfare until Arun Kumar Bhatt
published his book on the topic. The author traces its history and discussion the
Indian experience.

Directions for questions 11 to 15: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow it.

Mahabali's annual visit to Kerala, on Onam Day - the traditional 'ola koda' or palm leaf umbrella in hand - had a new high-tech symbolism last year.
For the 3 million people of Malappuram district, a wireless umbrella has unfurled over the entire district - the culmination of a challenging project in
connectivity.

Just a year after all 98 village panchayats of Malappuram joined together in the "Akshaya" e-literacy project, creating over 600 e-kendras with PCs,
printers and Internet connectivity, the kiosks were linked together using the futuristic technology known as WipLL - Wireless Internet Protocol in
Local Loop - that takes the wireless Internet capability popularly known as Wi-FI, and extends it outdoors, across tens of kilometres.

For the hilly district of Malappuram, there was no other way: It was logistically impossible to run copper or fibre cable across much of its 3,550 sq
km. At Kakkancherry within the Tech Park of the Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (KIMFRA), lay the Network Operating
Centre (NOC), of the wireless umbrella that now encompasses the entire district, binding all the Akshaya kendras with broadband voice, data, and
video connectivity that varies from 160 kilo bits per second to 4 megabits per second. In an adjoining room the North-South fibre optic data umbilical
created by the State with the help of private and public telecom players: Reliance, Bharti, Asianet and BSNL also terminated - making it easy for
Malappuram to access all the government and private data services soon to be delivered on the State Information Infrastructure (SII) backbone.

The wireless network for Malappuram was a turnkey task executed by a Delhi-based IT infrastructure company, Tulip IT services. No wireless Internet
network on this scale has ever been attempted in a rural area. They were able to achieve ranges of 20 km or more using the WipLL technology
components sourced from an American company AirSpan and base stations supplied by a Canadian maker of broadband wireless products, Wi-Lan
whose proprietary technology, Versatile Intelligent Network Environment (VINE), overcomes "line of sight" limitations, using network nodes as
repeaters and routers.

Now that a wireless umbilical binds the entire district together, State agencies like the police and some banks, have become early movers to exploit
it: On July 16, 2004 the police portal was launched, providing a variety of citizen services including tools for lodging complaints and FIRs or tracing
missing persons. In August the state's IT Mission joined hands with the State Bank of India to launch India’s first rural Internet-based e-payment
gate-way. About 600 of the Akshaya centres are ready to collect utility payments, government taxes and institution fees from villagers, bundling them
together and sending them electronically - for a small fee.

It was in November 2002 that the Government of India legalised the use of WiFi technology and delicensed the band required for deploying networks
based on the 802.11b/g standard. It took more than a year for the momentum to build up and take the benefits of wireless Internet beyond five star
hotel rooms and airport business lounges. So 2004 turned out to be the Year of Unwired Internet in more ways than one. Then in mid-2004, the
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) published the first detailed document spelling out the nation's road-map to a broadband future - with
the crucial definition of what constituted broadband speed: 256 kilo bits per second or better. It was as the TRAI Chairman admitted, rather slower
than what the developed world would consider as an entry level - but it was a pragmatic pace for India to start.

Since then a small coterie of Indian companies have come to occupy this new niche at the confluence of computers and communication, and have in
substantial measure helped dozens of Indian enterprises, educational institutions and some pro-active States, empower themselves with state-
of-the-arts networks.

n-Logue, a wireless company incubated by the telecommunications group at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, was one of the early movers
when it came to harnessing wireless technology to bridge the so-called digital divide. It has pioneered the technology of kiosks for internet,
telephony, e-governance and tele-medicine in seven Indian States. Like most such realisations in India, they harness wireless technology only for the
last mile.

Another player with its India base in Chennai and its global headquarters in Cupertino, California (US), BroVis Wireless Networks (for BROadband
VISion), has specialised in wide area broadband networks. In 2004, it completed a challenging assignment to connect the Anna University campus in
Chennai as well as the state-of-the-art Hiranandani complex in Powai, Mumbai. It used a combination of fibre networks as well as non line of sight
(NLOS) wireless access devices up to 5 km and by year end was already tapping the next generation WiMax technology to extend this to tens of
kilometres.

Chennai seemed to be a networking 'hotspot' - going by the number of companies headquartered here. Dax Networks moved to the other end of
nation - to Dal Lake in Srinagar - to demonstrate what one could do with WiFi technology.

11. 12.

'Bridging the digital divide' would mean No way other than wireless Internet connectivity would have been
possible in Malappuram district because

(1) connecting various institutions through wireless networks.


(2) providing the necessary technology for Internet connectivity. (1) it is an isolated area.
(3) merging the various modes of communication. (2) it is a district where illiteracy was high.
(4) using computer technology in areas earlier outside its ambit. (3) it is geographically unsuitable for wire or fibre cable laying.

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(5) utilising wireless technology even in remote areas. (4) it is a large district and hence running copper or fibre cable would have been
difficult.
(5) the 'Akshaya' e-literacy project has already provided the district with
Internet connectivity.

13. 14.

The article focuses on The author uses the expression 'umbilical' to mean

(1) unwired Internet. (1) the unwired connection of computers at various places.
(2) internet connectivity. (2) the connection, to central systems, of sites otherwise difficult to access.
(3) use of computers in Government agencies. (3) the connection of various systems to a central nodal point.
(4) broadband technology. (4) the connection at the birth stage of development of a system.
(5) communication modes. (5) the connectivity provided through copper or fibre cables.

15.

The mention of use of WiFi technology in Dal Lake in Srinagar by Dax Networks is made in the article to

(1) show the use of the technology to connect far-flung areas.


(2) demonstrate the earnestness of the various networking companies in harvesting the technology.
(3) pinpoint the use of the technology in unlikely areas.
(4) highlight the usefulness of the technology in sensitive areas.
(5) explain the extent of competition among networking companies operating in the country.

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Solutions for
Verbal Ability - Online practice Test 27

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Triumphant Institute of Management Education Pvt. Ltd. (T.I.M.E.) HO: 95B, 2nd Floor, Siddamsetty Complex, Secunderabad – 500 003. Tel : 040–27898194/95 Fax : 040–27847334 email : info@time4education.com website :
www.time4education.com

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