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PROPERTY

A. Introduction
i. In General (Art. 414)
ii. Thing vs. Property
B. Classification of property
i. Res Nullius, Res Communes, Res Alicujus
ii. Immovable (Real) and Movable (Personal)
a. Immovable Properties (Art. 415)
b. Movable Properties (Art. 416 - Art. 418)
 Ladera v. Hodges Vol.48 No. 12 Official Gazette 5374,
G.R. No. 8027-R (September 23, 1952)
 Machinery & Engineering Supplies, Inc. v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. L-7057 (October 29, 1954)
 Mindanao Bus Co. v. City Assessor and Treasurer
G.R. No. L-17870, September 29, 1962
 Burgos, Sr. v. Chief of Staff
G.R. No. 64261, 26 December 1984
 Serg’s Products, Inc. v. PCI Leasing and Finance, Inc.,
G.R. No. 137705, August 22, 2000
 Makati Leasing & Finance Corp., v. Wearever Textile Mills, Inc.,
G.R. No. L-58469. May 16, 1983
 Tsai v. Court of Appeals
G.R. Nos. 120098 and 120109, October 2, 2001
 Santos Evangelista v. Alto Surety & Insurance Co., Inc.
G.R. No. L-58469 (May 16, 1983)
 Yap v. Tañada
G.R. No. L-32917 (July 18, 1988)
 Board of Assessment Appeals v. Manila Electric Co.
G.R. No. L-15334 (January 31, 1964)
 Manila Electric Company v. City Assessor
G.R. No. 166102 (August 5, 2015)

iii. Public Dominion and Private Ownership (Art. 419 - Art. 425)
a. Waters (Art. 502 - Art. 518)
b. Mineral (Art. 519)
c. Trademarks and Trade Name (Art. 520 - Art. 521)
 Laurel v. Garcia
G.R. Nos. 92013 & 92047 (July 25, 1990)
 Rabuco v. Villegas
G.R. Nos. L-24661 & L-24915-16 (February 28, 1974)
 Macasiano v. Diokno
G.R. No. 97764, (August 10, 1992)
 Republic v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 100709 (November 14, 1997)
 Province of Zamboanga del Norte v. City of Zamboanga
G.R. No. L-24440 (March 28, 1968)
 Chaves v. Public Estates Authority
G.R. No. 133250 (July 9, 2002)
 Villarico v. Sarmiento
G.R. No. 136438 (November 11, 2004)
 Heirs of Malabanan v. Republic
G.R. No. 179987 (September3, 2013)
 Republic v. Santos, III
G.R. No. 160453 (November 12, 2012)
 Navy Officers’ Village Association, Inc. v. Republic
G.R. No. 177168 (August 3, 2015)
 City of Lapu-Lapu v. PEZA
G.R. Nos. 184203, 187583 (November 26, 2014)
 Republic v. Aboitiz
G.R. No. 174626 (October 23, 2013)
 Alolino v. Flores
G.R. No. 198774 ( April 4, 2016)

iv. Other Classification

C. Ownership
i. In General (Art. 427-430)
a. Rights of an Owner (Art. 428)
 Javier v. Veridiano
G.R. No. L-48050, October 10, 1994
 Bustos v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 120784-85, 24 January 2001
 Heirs of Roman Soriano v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 128177, August 15, 2001
 Garcia v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 133140, August 10, 1999
 Rodil Enterprises, Inc. v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 129609 and 135537, 29 November 2001
 Isaguirre v. De Lara
G.R. No. 138053, May 31, 2000
 Custodio v. Corrado
G.R. No. 146082, 30 July 2004
 Abejaron v. Nabasa
G.R. No. 84831, June 20, 2001
 Javier v. Lumontad
G.R. No. 203760, December 3, 2014
 Bradford United Church of Christ, Inc. v. Ando
G.R. No. 195669, May 30, 2016
b. Rights on the Surface and everything under it (Art. 437)
 Andamo v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 74761 (November 6, 1990)
 Republic v. Rural Bank of Kabacan, Inc.
G.R. No. 185124 (January 25, 2012)
c. Principle of Self-help (Art. 429)
d. Limits on the Owner's Right (Art. 431)
 Andamo v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 74761 (November 6, 1990)
e. State of Necessity (Art. 432)
 German Management & Services, Inc. v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 76216-17 (September 14, 1989)
 Caisip v. People
G.R. No. L-28716 (November 18, 1970)
 People v. Pletcha, Jr. 22 CA Rep. 807
No. 19029-CR (June 27,1977)
 Diamond Farms, Inc. v. Diamond Farm Workers Multi-Purpose Cooperative
G.R. No. 192999 (July 18, 2012)
 Spouses Fuentes v. Roca
G.R. No. 178902 (April 21, 2010)
ii. Modes of Acquiring Ownership
iii. Recovery of Property (Art. 433 - Art. 436)
a. Presumption of Ownership
b. Actions for Recovery
1. Replevin
2. Accion Reivindicatoria
3. Accion Publiciana
4. Accion Interdictal
c. Expropriation
iv. Rules on Hidden Treasures (Art. 438 - Art. 439
v. Accession
a. In General (Art. 440)
b. Right of Accession
1. Accession Discreta (Art. 441 - Art. 444)
 Bachrach Motor Co. v. Talisay-Silay Miling Co.
G.R. No. 35223 (September 17, 1931)
 Equatorial Realty Development, Inc. v. Mayfair Theater
G.R. No. 133879 (November 21, 2001)
 Daclison v. Baytion
G.R. No. 219811 (April 6, 2016)
 Land Bank of the Phils. v. Perez
G.R. No. 166884 (June 13, 2012)
2. Accession Continua (Art. 445 - Art. 446)
a. Accession Industrial (Art. 447 - Art. 456)
 Ignacio v. Hilario
G.R. No. L-175 (April 30, 1946)
 Ignao v. Intermidiate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 72876 (January 18, 1991)
 Filipinas College Inc. v. Garcia Timbang, et al
G.R. No. L-12812 (September 29, 1959)
 Manotok Realty, Inc. v. Tecson
G.R. No. L-47475 (August 19, 1988)
 Bernardo v. Bataclan
G.R. No. L-44606 (November 28, 1938)
 Heirs of Ramon Durano, Sr. v. Uy
G.R. No. 136456 (October 24, 2000 )
 Ballatan v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 125683 (March 2, 1999)
 Spouses Fuentes v. Roca
G.R. No. 178902 (April 21, 2010)
 Communities Cagayan, Inc. v. Spouses Nanol
G.R. No. 176791 (November 14, 2012)
 Angeles v. Pascual
G.R No. 157150 (September 21, 2011)
 Sulo sa Nayon, Inc., v. Nayong Pilipino Foundation
G.R. No. 170923 (January 20, 2009)
 Spouses Narvaez v. Spouses Alciso
G.R. No. 165907 (July 27, 2009)
 Department of Education v. Tuliao
G.R. No. 205664 (June 9, 2014)
 Department of Education v. Casibang
G.R. No. 192268 (January 27, 2016)
 Briones v. Macabagdal
G.R. No. 150666 (August 3, 2010)
 Spouses Macasaet v. Spouses Macasaet
G.R. Nos. 154391-92 (September 30, 2004)
 Spouses Aguino v. Spouses Aguilar
G.R. No. 182754 (June 29, 2015)
 Spouses Esmaquel v. Coprada
G.R. No. 152423 (December 15, 2010)
 Spouses Del Campo v. Abiesa
G.R. No. L-49219 (April 15, 1988)
 Pacific Forms, Inc. v. Esguerra
G.R. No. L-21783 (November 29, 1969)
 Pecson v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 115814 (May 26, 1995)
 Technogas Philippines v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 108894 (February 10, 1997)
 Pleasantville Dev’t corp. v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 79688 (February 1, 1996)
 Geminiano v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 120303 (July 24, 1996)
b. Accession Natural (Art. 457 - Art. 465)
i. Alluvium
ii. Avulsion
iii. Change of river course
iv. Formation of Islands
 Agustin v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. Nos. L-66075-76 (July 5, 1990)
 Cureg v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 73465 (September 7, 1989)
 Viajar v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 77294 (December 12, 1988)
 Vda. de Nazareno v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 98045 (June 26, 1996)
 Heirs of Navarro v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 68166 (February 12, 1997)
 Republic v. Santos, III
G.R. No. 160453 (November 12, 2012)
 Daclison v. Baytion
G.R. No. 219811 (April 6, 2016)
 Heirs of Narvasa, Sr. v. Imbornal
G.R. No. 182908 (August 6, 2014)
c. Adjunction or Conjuction (Art. 466 - Art. 471)
d. Mixture (Art. 472 - Art. 473)
e. Specification (Art. 474 - Art. 475)
vi. Quieting of title
a. In General (Art. 476)
b. Requisites of Action to Quiet Title (Art. 477 - Art. 478)
 Heirs of Tappa v. Heirs of Bacud
G.R. No. 187633 (April 4, 2016)
 Spouses Galang v. Spouses Reyes
G.R. No. 184746 (August 15, 2012)
 Green Acres Holdings, Inc. v. Cabral
G.R. No. 175542 & 183205 (June 5, 2013)
 Heirs of Pocdo v. Avila
G.R. No. 199146 (March 19, 2014)
vii. Ruinous Building and Trees (Art. 482 - Art. 483)
D. Co-ownership
i. In General (Art. 484)
ii. Rights of Co-Owners
a. Share Benefits and Charges (Art. 485)
b. Right Over the Entire Property (Art. 486)
c. Bring an Action in Ejection (Art. 487)
d. Expenses and Contributions (Art. 488 - Art. 489)
e. House with different stories (Art. 490)
f. Alterations and Administrations (Art. 491 - Art. 492)
g. Ideal Share (Art.493)
h. Right of Legal Redemption & Right of Redemption
i. Partition (Art. 494 - Art. 501)
 Del Banco v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 72694 (December 1, 1987)
 Heirs of Dela Rosa v. Batongbacal
G.R. No. 179205 (July 30, 2014)
 Arambulo v. Nolasco
G.R. No. 189420 (March 26, 2014)
 Quintos v. Nicolas
G.R. No. 210252 (June 16, 2014)
 Apique v. Fahnestich
G.R. No. 205705 (August 5, 2015)
 Catedrilla v. Lauron
G.R. No. 179011 (April 15, 2013)
 Pardell v. Bartolome
G.R. No. L-4656 (November 18, 1912)
iii. Co-Ownership under the Family Code
iv. Extinguishment of Co-Ownership
 Caro v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 76148 (December 20, 1989)
 Bailon- Casilao v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 78178 (April 15, 1988)
 Roque v. Intermediate Appellate Court
G.R. No. 75886 (August 30, 1988)
 Delima v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. L-46296 (September 24, 1991)
 Aguilar v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 76351 (October 29, 1993)
 Tomas Claudio Memorial College, Inc. v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 124262 (October 12, 1999)
 Robles v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 123509 (March 14, 2000)
v. Condominium Act (R.A. 4726)

E. Special Properties
i. Waters (Art. 502 - Art. 518)
ii. Minerals (Art. 519)
iii. Trademark & Trade Names (Art. 520- Art. 523)

F. Possession
i. In General
a. Elements of Possession
b. Right to Possession vs. Right of Possession
c. Possession as Fact and Possession as a Right
d. Ownership vs. Possession
e. Object of Possession (Art. 530)
ii. Kinds of Possession
a. In One's Own name & in the name of Another (Art. 524)
b. In the concept of an Owner & in the concept of a Holder (Art. 525)
c. In Good faith & in Bad Faith (Art. 526 - Art. 529)
 Rizal Cement Co., Inc. v. Villareal
G.R. No. L-30272 (February 28, 1985)
 Wong v. Carpio
G.R. No. L-50264 (October 21, 1991)
 Somodio v. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 82680 (August 15, 1994)
 Maglucot- Aw v. Maglucot
G.R. No. 132518 (March 28, 2000)
 Cequena v. Bolante
G.R. No. 137944 (April 6, 2000)
 Carbonilla, v. Abiera
G.R. No. 177637, July 26, 2010
iii. Acquisition of Possession
a. Modes of acquiring Possession (Art. 531 - Art. 532)
b. Requisites for acquisition of possession (Art. 535 - Art. 537)
c. Possession through Succession (Art. 533 - Art. 534)
d. Dispute over Possession de Facto (Art. 538
iv. Effects of Possession
a. Rights of Possessor
1. Protection of Possessors (Art. 539)
2. Presumption of Jus Title (Art. 540 - Art. 542)
3. Presumption of Continuity of Possession (Art. 554)
4. Co-Possession (Art. 543)
5. Possessor in Good Faith (Art. 544)
b. Expenses and Contributions
1. Necessary, Useful & Ornamental Expenses (Art. 546 - Art. 549)
2. Cost of Litigation (Art. 550)
3. Improvements & Deterioration (Art. 551 - Art. 553)
v. Loss of Possession (Art. 555 - Art. 559)
vi. Possession of Animals (Art. 560 - Art. 561)

G. Usufruct
i. In General (Art. 562)
ii. Constitution of Usufruct (Art. 563 - Art. 565)
iii. Rights of the Usufructuary Art. (566 - Art. 582)
iv. Obligations of the Usufructuary
a. At the Commencement (Art. 583 - Art. 588)
b. During (Art. 589 - Art. 602)
v. Extinguishment (Art. 603 - Art. 612)

H. Easements
i. In General
a. Concept (Art. 613 - Art. 614)
b. Kinds of Easement (Art. 615 - Art. 616)
c. Characteristic of Easement (Art. 617 - Art. 619)
ii. Modes of Acquiring Easements (Art. 620 - Art. 626)
iii. Rights and Obligations of Dominant and Servient estates (Art. 627 - Art. 630)
iv. Extinguishment of Easement (Art. 631 - Art. 633)
v. Legal Easements (Art. 634 - Art. 636)
a. Easements Relating to waters (Art. 637 - Art. 648)
b. Easements Right of way (Art. 649 - Art. 657)
c. Easement of Party Wall (Art. 658 - Art. 666)
d. Easements Light and view (Art. 667 - Art. 673)
e. Easement of Drainage of Buildings (Art. 674 - Art. 676)
f. Easement on Constructions and Plantings (Art. 677 - Art. 681)
g. Easement against Nuisance (Art. 682- Art. 683)
h. Easement of Lateral & Subjacent Support (Art. 684- Art. 687)
vi. Voluntary Easements (Art. 688 - Art. 693)

I. Nuisance
i. In General
a. Concept (Art. 694)
b. Public & Private Nuisance (Art. 695)
ii. Remedies Available (Art. 696 - Art. 707)

J. Registry of Property (Art. 708 - Art. 711)

Modes of Acquiring Ownership (Art. 712)

K. Occupation (Art. 713 - Art. 720)


L. Intellectual Creation (Art. 721 - Art. 723)
M. Donation
i. In General
a. Concept (Art. 725)
b. Donation Mortis Causa & Inter Vivos (Art. 726 - Art. 733)
c. Perfection of Donation (Art. 734)
ii. Nature
a. Persons Who May Give or Receive (Art. 735 - Art. 746)
b. Formalities of Donation (Art. 747 - Art. 749)
c. Limitations (Art. 750 - Art. 752)
d. Effects (Art. 753 - Art. 759)
iii. Revocation and Reduction (Art. 760 - Art. 773)

N. Prescription
a. General Provisions (Art. 1106 - Art. 1116)
b. Prescription of Ownership and Other Real Rights (Art. 1117 - Art. 1138)
c. Prescription of Actions (Art. 1139 - Art. 1155)