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LIST OF FORMULAE

distnce(m)
1. speed 
time( s)

displacement (m)
2. velocity 
time( s)

finalvelocity  initialvelocity (m / s) vu


3. acceleration  , a
time( s) t

4. Total distance travelled = area under graph of speed vs time graph

5. Speed = gradient of distance time graph

6. Acceleration = gradient of velocity time graph

7. Deceleration = - ve acceleration

8. Free fall acceleration = gravitational strength = 10 m / s 2

9. Weight = mass (kg) x gravity (N/kg) , w = mg

mass(kg) m
10. density  3
, 
volume(m ) v

11. Hooke’s Law

F= kx where;

F = force
k = spring constant (N/m)
X = extension of spring (m)

12. Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion


LIST OF FORMULAE

F = ma where;
F = force (N)
m = mass (kg)

a = acceleration ( m / s 2 )

13. Moment of force = force (N) x perpendicular distance from the pivot (m)

Moment of force = Fd

14. Principle of moment = total moment anticlockwise is equal to total moment


clockwise

Principle of moment F1d1  F2 d2

15. Momentum = mass (kg) x velocity ( m/s)


P = mv
16. Principle of momentum = total momentum before collision is equal to total
momentum before collision m1v1  m2v2

17. Impulse = Ft where ; F= force , t = time

18. Impulse = change of momentum


Ft = mv - mu

19. Atmospheric Pressure,


Patm = 100 000 Pa / 760mmHg where mmHg is milimeter in mercury

20. Pressure = Force (N) / Area ( m 2 )


LIST OF FORMULAE

F
P=
t

21. Pressure in Liquid = density of liquid ( kg/m 3 ) x gravity ( N/kg) x


height (m )

Px =  l gh

22. Work = Force (N) x distance moved in the direction of force (m)
W=Fxd

23. Gravitational potential energy = mass (kg) x gravity (N/kg) x height (m)
G.P.E = mgh

24. Kinetic Energy = mass (kg) x speed (m/s) x average speed (m/s)
1 2
K.E = mv
2
25. Law of conservation of energy = total amount of energy stays the same
K.E = G.P.E
1 2
mv
2 = mgh

workdone( J )
26. Power  , S.1 unit of power = watt ( W)
timetaken( s)

E ( J )
P=
t ( s)

energytransformed ( J )
27. Power 
timetaken( s)

usefulpoweroutput (W )
28. efficiency 
totalpowerinput (W )

29. Density of water =  water = 1000 kg / m3


LIST OF FORMULAE

30. Gravitational strength = 10 N/kg