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# INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL IN MANUFACTURING

## Solution for Assignment-04

Q.1 Which of the following statements correctly describes the difference between
inspection by attributes and inspection by variables?

(a) In inspection by attributes results can be Yes or No; whereas inspection by variables
gives the numerical value of the inspected characteristics.
(b) Inspection by attributes is quick, less expensive, and less informative; whereas
(c) Inspection by attributes is simple and requires use of unskilled labour; whereas
inspection by variables is complex and requires use of skilled labour.
(d) All of these.

## Sol. Metrological inspection is the examination of a part or product characteristic to

determine whether or not it conforms to the design specifications. It can be done in two
ways:

## Inspection by Attributes Inspection by Variables

Using Gauges to determine whether the part or Part or product characteristic of interest is
product characteristic of interest is within the measured numerically by means of a
tolerance limit. calibrated instrument.
Most commonly known as Gauging or Gaging. Measurement is generally accepted industrial
term for inspection by variables.
Results can be Yes or No; Acceptable or Not; Go Gives the numerical value of the inspected
or Not-go; Good or Bad. characteristics.

Simple and requires use of unskilled labour. Complex and requires use of skilled labour.

## (a) Degree of repeatability of the measurement process.

(b) Degree to which the measured value agrees with true value of the quantity.
(c) A measurement process is accurate when random errors in the measurement are
minimized.
(d) All of these.

Sol. Accuracy is a degree to which the measured value agrees with true value of the quantity;
whereas the degree of repeatability of the measurement process is known as precision.
A measurement process will be precise when the random errors in the measurement are
minimized. A measurement procedure is accurate when systematic errors are absent.
Q.3 What is Gage Maker’s Rule?

## (a) Rule of 10.

(b) Rule of 20.
(c) Rule of 50.
(d) Rule of 100.

Sol. Gage Maker’s Rule is also known as Rule of 10 or Gage Capability, which is used to
determine the right level of precision for a measurement process. It states that an
instrument or gage should be 10 times more precise than the tolerance to be measured.
This rule applies to all stages in the inspection sequence.

## Q.4 Which of the following is a face standard angular measuring device?

(a) Clinometer
(b) Vernier bevel protractor
(c) Sine centre
(d) Autocollimator

Sol. Face standard angle measuring devices include sine bar and sine centre.

Q.5 Which of the following are used to measure the roughness of the surface?

## (a) Vernier bevel protractor

(b) Autocollimator
(c) Optical flat
(d) All of these

Sol. The surface roughness can be measured using any of the following tools like surface
gauge, optical flat, profilometer and straight edge etc.

Q.6 Which type of light source is used in optical flat to determine the flatness of other
surfaces?

(a) Monochromatic
(b) Polychromatic
(c) Achromatic
(d) Panchromatic

Sol. Optical flats are used with a monochromatic light to determine the flatness (surface
accuracy) of other surfaces.

Q.7 Which of the following elements of screw thread is also known as nominal diameter.

## (a) Minor diameter

(b) Major diameter
(c) Pitch diameter
(d) Core diameter

Sol. Major diameter of screw thread is also known as nominal diameter. It is the largest
diameter of an external or internal screw thread. The screw is specified by this diameter.

## Q.8 A screw thread is specified by its:

(a) Pitch
(b) Minor diameter
(c) Pitch diameter
(d) Major diameter

Sol. Major diameter of screw thread is also known as nominal diameter. It is the largest
diameter of an external or internal screw thread. The screw is specified by this diameter.

Q.9 Which of the following methods is/are used to measure the pitch diameter of a screw

(b) Two-wire Method
(c) Three-wire Method
(d) All of these.

Sol. Pitch diameter or effective diameter measurement is carried out by following methods:

o Two-wire Method
o Three-wire Method

## (a) Circular pitch

(b) Diametral pitch
(c) Pitch circle diameter
(d) Pressure angle

Sol. The size of the gear is specified by the pitch circle diameter.

Q.11 Which of the following methods is/are used to measure gear tooth thickness?

## (a) Gear Tooth Vernier Method

(b) Constant Chord Method
(c) Base Tangent Method
(d) All of these.

## i. Gear Tooth Vernier Method

ii. Constant Chord Method
iii. Base Tangent Method

## (a) Involute Measuring Machine

(b) Parkinson Gear Tester
(c) Pitch-measuring Instrument
(d) Pitch-checking Instrument

Sol. In rolling gear test, the gear being inspected will be made to mesh with a standard gear
(master gear), and a dial indicator is used to capture radial errors. This test is generally
performed on a most commonly used machine Parkinson Gear Tester.

Q.13 Which of the following properties is/are possessed by laser but not by ordinary light?

(a) Non-collimated
(b) Coherent
(c) Polychromatic
(d) All of these.

Sol. For the purpose of measurement, laser has some additional properties that are not
possessed by ordinary light. Laser light is monochromatic, coherent and collimated,
whereas ordinary light is polychromatic, incoherent and non-collimated.

## (a) Coordinate Measuring Machine

(b) Coordinated Management Model
(c) Coordinate Measuring Model
(d) Coordinate Management Machine

Sol. CMM refers to Coordinate Measuring Machine, which is used for dimensional
measuring.

## (a) Coordinate Measuring Technique

(b) Laser-based instrumentation technique
(c) Imaging-based automatic inspection technique
(d) None of these.

Sol. Machine vision is the technology and methods used to provide imaging-based
automatic inspection and analysis in industry.