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History

Sungka was first described by the Jesuit priest Father José Sanchez in his
dictionary of the Bisaya language (=Cebuano) in 1692 [manuscript] as Kunggit. Father
José Sanchez who had arrived on the Philippines in 1643 wrote that at the game was
played with seashells on a wooden, boat-like board. The Aklanon people still call the
game Kunggit. José Sanchez (born Josef Zanzini [*1616-1692) in Trieste, Holy Roman
Empire of the German Nation) is known for founding the town of Jagna on Bohol, which
is today famous for its rich historical heritage.

Equipment used
Sungka Board and 98 shells (seeds or beads)

Mechanics
Sungka requires two players. Each player controls the seven holes on his side of the
board and owns the "head" to his right. The goal is to accumulate as many pieces in
your own "head".
The first player removes all pieces from the hole on the extreme left of on his side.
He then distributes them anti-clockwise --- one in each hole to the right of that hole -
-- omitting an opponent's "head" but not a player's own "head".
If the last piece falls into an occupied hole then all the pieces are removed from that
hole, and are distributed in the same way (to the right of that hole) in another round.
This player's (current) turn ends when the last piece falls into an empty hole on the
opponent's side.
If the last piece distributed falls into a player's own "head" then ...
... the player earns another turn, which can begin at any of the seven holes on his
side.
If the last piece distributed falls into an empty hole on his side then ...
... the player captures all the pieces in the hole directly across from this one, on the
opponent's side and put them (plus the last piece distributed) in his own "head". If the
opposing hole is empty, no pieces are captured.
The other player chooses which hole he wishes to start from, removes the pieces and
distributes them - one in each hole to the right of that chosen hole. If a player has no
pieces on his side of the board when it is his turn, then he must pass.
The game ends when no pieces are left in any hole on both sides of the board. The
players now count the number of pieces in their own "head" and see who has won.

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