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UNIT - III MA8251 - ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS

1.

2.

C-R Equations In Cartesian Coordinates :

u x = v y

and

u y = -v x

C-R Equations In Polar Coordinates :

Milne Thomson Method

 If u is given f ( z ) If v is given f ( z )

=

=

[

[

u

v

x

y

(

(

z

z

,0)

,0)

+

i u

i v

y

x

(

z

(

z

 f ’(z) = u x + iv x u r = 1 v θ and v =− r 1 u θ r r f ’(z) = e − iθ [u r + iv r ]

,0) ]

,0)]

d z

d z

+

+

ic

c

3.

2

x

2

+

2

y

2

= 4

2

zz

4. Re[f(z)] = u =

f (z)+ f (z)

2

5.

f

(

z

)

2

= f

(

z

)

f

(

z

)

6.

7.

Fixed point (Invariant points) are obtained by replacing w = z

Critical points are given by

dw

dz

= 0 and

dz

dw

= 0

8.

9.

Bilinear transformation which maps the points

z

1

, z

2

and z

w

1

, w

2

and w

3

of W- plane is given by

 ( w − w 1 )( w 2 − w 3 ) ( w 1 − w 2 )( w 3 − w )

=

(

z

z

1

)(

z

2

z

3

)

(

z

1

z

2

)(

z

3

z

)

3

of Z – plane onto the points

 S.No. Description Z – plane W - plane Fig 1 Real axis y = 0 v = 0 2 Imaginary axis x = 0 u = 0
3
Upper half plane
y
> 0
v
> 0
4
Lower half plane
y
< 0
v
< 0
5
Right half plane
x
> 0
u
> 0
6
Left half plane
x
< 0
u
< 0
7
Unit circle with centre at
the origin
z
=1
w
=1
8
Interior of Unit circle with
centre at the origin
z
< 1
w
< 1
9
Exterior of Unit circle with
centre at the origin
z
> 1
w
> 1
10
Circle with centre at a and