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UNIT - III MA8251 - ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS

1.

2.

C-R Equations In Cartesian Coordinates :

FUNCTIONS 1. 2 . C-R Equations In Cartesian Coordinates : u x = v y and

u x = v y

and

u y = -v x

C-R Equations In Polar Coordinates :

Milne Thomson Method

If

u

is

given f

(

z

)

If v is given f

(

z

)

=

=

[

[

u

v

x

y

(

(

z

z

,0)

,0)

+

i u

i v

y

x

(

z

(

z

f

’(z) =

u x +

 

iv x

u r

=

1

v θ and

v

=−

r

1

u

θ

 

r

r

f

’(z) =

e

iθ

[u r +

iv r ]

,0) ]

,0)]

d z

d z

+

+

ic

c

3.

2

x

2

+

2

y

2

= 4

2

zz

4. Re[f(z)] = u =

f (z)+ f (z)

2

5.

f

(

z

)

2

= f

(

z

)

f

(

z

)

6.

7.

Fixed point (Invariant points) are obtained by replacing w = z

Critical points are given by

dw

dz

= 0 and

dz

dw

= 0

8.

9.

Bilinear transformation which maps the points

z

1

, z

2

and z

w

1

, w

2

and w

3

of W- plane is given by

(

w

w

1

)(

w

2

w

3

)

(

w

1

w

2

)(

w

3

w

)

=

(

z

z

1

)(

z

2

z

3

)

(

z

1

z

2

)(

z

3

z

)

3

of Z – plane onto the points

S.No.

Description

Z – plane

W - plane

Fig

 

1 Real axis

y

= 0

v

= 0

  1 Real axis y = 0 v = 0
 

2 Imaginary axis

x

= 0

u

= 0

  2 Imaginary axis x = 0 u = 0
3 Upper half plane y > 0 v > 0 4 Lower half plane y
3
Upper half plane
y
> 0
v
> 0
4
Lower half plane
y
< 0
v
< 0
5
Right half plane
x
> 0
u
> 0
6
Left half plane
x
< 0
u
< 0
7
Unit circle with centre at
the origin
z
=1
w
=1
8
Interior of Unit circle with
centre at the origin
z
< 1
w
< 1
9
Exterior of Unit circle with
centre at the origin
z
> 1
w
> 1
10
Circle with centre at a and
radius r
z
a
=
r
w
a
= r