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Gem International School

Unit Test BIOLOGY

NAME : ………………………………………................. DATE : 4/7/19

GRADE : ……………………………

1. Which row shows the correct match between the descriptions of biological molecules and
where they are found?
1 a linear polymer of 1,4 linked β-glucose molecules
2 a bipolar, phosphate containing molecule
3 a highly branched polymer of 1,4 and 1,6 linked α-glucose molecules

(1)
2. Which is the correct description for the structure of amylose and cellulose? (1)
3. Which description is correct?
A A collagen molecule has a high proportion of the amino acid glycine, which has a very small
side chain.
B A group of three collagen fibres forms a strong, insoluble coiled structure termed a triple
helix.
C Each of the collagen polypeptides in a collagen molecule has a regular spiral arrangement of
many alpha helices.
D Peptide bonds are present between amino acids of the same polypeptide and between the
different polypeptides forming the collagen molecule.
(1)
4. Polar molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other.Which properties of water result
from its molecules being polar?
1 good solvent
2 high specific heat capacity
3 high surface tension
4 cohesive
A 1, 2, 3 and 4
B 1, 2 and 3 only
C 1, 2 and 4 only
D 3 and 4 only (1)
5. Which molecule is α-glucose? (1)

6. A student carried out four tests for biological molecules. The observations are shown in the
table.

Which molecules are present in the solution?


(1)
7. Which type of bond holds together an α-helix or β-pleated sheet of a protein?
A disulfide
B hydrogen
C ionic
D peptide (1)
8. What describes only the quaternary structure of haemoglobin?

1 α-helix
2 a dipeptide
3 a globular structure
4 the specific order of amino acids
5 four polypeptide chains joined together

A 1, 2 and 3
B 2, 4 and 5
C 1 and 4
D 5 only (1)
9. Which bonds are found in glycogen?
(1)
10. Two disaccharides are maltose and sucrose. Maltose is formed from two molecules of
glucose, whilst sucrose is formed from fructose and glucose.

Which row shows the molecular formulae of the two disaccharides

(1)
11. The diagram shows a section of a polysaccharide

In which polysaccharide(s) could this section be found?


1 amylose
2 cellulose
3 glycogen

A 1 only
B 2 only
C 1 and 3
D 2 and 3 (1)
12. In all lipid molecules, where are double bonds located?
A between fatty acids and glycerol
B within fatty acids and within glycerol
C within fatty acids only
D within glycerol only (1)

13. Which of the following terms can be used to describe the secondary structure of a
protein?
1 dipeptide
2 specific order of amino acids
3 α-helix
4 fibrous structure
5 β-pleated sheet

A 1, 3, 4 and 5
B 1, 2 and 4
C 2 and 4 only
D 3 and 5 only (1)

14. There are many types of amino acids, but only twenty that are polymerised to make
polypeptides and proteins in animals.
(a) Name the type of chemical reaction that occurs when two amino acids form a dipeptide.

..............................................................................................................................................[1]
(b) Fig. 3.1 shows two amino acids, glycine and valine. Use the space below to make a drawing
to show what happens when these two molecules join together to form a dipeptide

(2)
16. Fig. 3.1 is a diagram that highlights the tertiary and quaternary structure of a haemoglobin
molecule

Explain how the tertiary and quaternary levels of protein structure of the haemoglobin
molecule contribute to its role in the transport of oxygen.

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.............................................................................................................................................(2)
17. Fig. 2.2a shows a pond skater walking on the surface of the water

Describe the importance of water as an environment for the pond skater

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1)
Starch is composed of two polysaccharides, amylose and amylopectin.
18. Fig. 3.1 shows a molecule of α-glucose before being added to the end of a molecule
of amylose.

(a) (i) Complete Fig. 3.1 to show how a molecule of α-glucose is added to the amylose. (1)

(ii) Name the bond that forms between glucose molecules in polysaccharides, such as amylose.

..............................................................................................................................[2]
(b) Glycogen and cellulose are two other polysaccharides.
Complete Table 3.1 to compare glycogen and cellulose with amylose.