Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 1

# Lift Formula

## You have to know the lift formula as a PPL

by heart, so take the time to learn it. Here
it is:

L = Lift
CL = Co-efficient of Lift

1
/2 p = half rho (rho relates to air density)

..2
v = velocity squared (velocity is a vector
quantity made up of speed and direction)

## Just in case you can't quite remember

what each part of the formula represents,
the next picture should give you a little
reminder:

## CL - the Co-efficient of Lift

This is a number between 0 and 2 worked
out by the clever folk who are involved in
aircraft design and engineering. Us pilots
number, just that it is a part of the all
important Lift Formula, and that it is
affected by the Angle of Attack of the
wing, and the Shape of the wing.

## Can you, as the pilot have an effect on

the Angle of Attack of the wing? Can you
change it in any way?

## Can you as the pilot of a light training

aircraft change the shape of the wing in
any way? Turn it into a Delta Wing? Can
you increase it's Camber?

1
/2 p - Rho

## Rho relates to the density of the air at the

level and in the conditions in which you
are currently flying.

## Can you, as the pilot change the density

of the air that you are busy flying in?

..2
v - Velocity squared

## Velocity relates to the speed at which you

are flying. Notice its effect is squared, so
it has a very significant impact on the
creation of lift.

## Can you as the pilot change the speed of

the aircraft in any way?

wing.

## Can you, as the pilot, change the surface

area of your light training aircraft?

## In your training aircraft, the only elements

in the Lift Formula that you have any
direct control over are the :

## Angle of Attack - when you pitch the

aircraft. This controls your attitude and
speed - it is your attitude, (and power),
and not your aptitude that determines

## Wing Shape on the inboard section -

when you extend your flaps, you increase
the Camber / Curvature of the inboard
wing section;

## Speed - which is determined by a

combination of Power (throttle input), and
Attitude. Note it is squared, and has a
very significant effect on lift.

## Bring everything together, and you will

find that everything affects everything.

## If you increase the Angle of Attack,(AoA),

you increase the Lift, and you will climb.
Increase the AoA too much, and your CL
begins to decrease as Drag increases.

## Flaps down, increased Camber, increased

Lift, and visa versa.

constant, and you will also increase Lift.
Decrease Speed, AoA constant, decrease
Lift.

- Straight and Level Flight

## For more detailed info on the elements

that make up lift, visit Exercise 4 - The
Effects of Controls

## Fly from the Lift Formula back to the

Flight Lessons Briefings.