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# B ME 308 Pages: 2

## MUSALIAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY,

PATHANAMTHITTA
SIXTH SEMESTER B.TECH DEGREE MODEL EXAMINATION, APRIL 2018
Course Code: ME 308

## Max. Marks: 100 Duration: 3 Hours

PART A
1. (a) What are the advantages of CAD in comparison with conventional design process?
(4 Marks)
(b) What are the various methods used in solid modeling? Explain any two in detail.
(4 Marks)
(c) Explain the needs of graphic standards? (4 Marks)
(d) Discuss how virtual reality can be incorporated in to design? (3 Marks)

## 2. (a) What do you mean by 2D transformation? Explain four major transformations?

(6 Marks)

(b) A line PQ is scaled by a scaling factor 3 and rotates by 45°. End point of given line
PQ is (4, 5) and (7, 8). Show the transformation. (6 Marks)
(c) Write short notes on 3D scaling? (3 Marks)
3. (a) Discuss the historical developments of cad (7 Marks)
(b) Define CAD, CAM, CAE, CAPP and list out packages for all? (8 Marks)

PART B
4. (a) What are the advantages of B spline curves (3 Marks)
(b) Explain about Hermite curves (3 Marks)
(c) What are the observations made in Bezier curves (3 Marks)
(d) Draw the line using Bressenham’s algorithm with the end points A (18, 8) and B
(28, 16). (6 Marks)

## 5. (a) Briefly discuss about sweep representation? (3 marks)

(b) Write short notes on cell decomposition? (3 marks)
(c) Explain boundary representation method in detail? (6 marks)

## 6. (a) What do you mean by blending functions. (7 marks)

(b) Explain different techniques for modelling (8 marks)

PART C
7. a) List and describe the steps involved in FEM. (10 Marks)
b) A rod is subjected to an axial load 600 KN is applied as shown in the figure. Divide
the domain into two elements. Take 𝐴 = 250𝑚𝑚2, E = 2×105 N/𝑚𝑚2 . Determine the
following,
1. Displacement at each node.
2. Stresses in each element.
3. Reactions at each node points.

S . I N
T U N OTE
K
(10 Marks)
5
8. (a) An axial load of 4×10 N is applied at 30°C to the road as shown in the figure.
Temperature is then raised to 60°C. Calculate the following,
1. Assemble the K and F matrices.
2. Nodal displacements.
3. Stresses in each element.
4. Reactions at each nodal points.

For AlumiiIum,
𝐴 = 1000𝑚𝑚2 , E = 0.7×105 N/𝑚𝑚2 , α = 23×10−6 /°C.
For Steel,
𝐴 = 1500𝑚𝑚2 , E = 2×105 N/𝑚𝑚2 , α = 12×10−6 /°C. (10 Marks)

(b) Derive the interpolation function (Shape function) for constant strain triangular element.
(10 Marks)

9. (a) Derive the equation for 2D plane stress solid mechanic problem. (10 Marks)

(b) For the plane stress element whose co-ordinates are given by A (100,100) B (400,100)
C (200,400). The nodal displacements are u1= 2mm, v1=1mm, u2=1mm, v2=1.5 mm,
u3=2.5mm, v3= 0.5 mm. Determine the element stress. Assume, E = 200 GN/𝑚2 , µ=0.3, t=10
mm. (10 Marks)

S . I N
T U N OTE
K