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HYDRA-MATIC 4T80-E

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 3

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK ...................................................................... 4

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS ....................................................... 6

TRANSMISSION CUTAWAY VIEW (FOLDOUT) ....................................... 8

GENERAL DESCRIPTION ....................................................................... 9

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION ............................................................... 9A

MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) ...................... 10

RANGE REFERENCE CHART ......................................................... 11

TORQUE CONVERTER .................................................................. 12

APPLY COMPONENTS ................................................................. 15

PLANETARY GEAR SETS ............................................................. 27

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS ........................................ 32

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS ........................................................ 44

POWER FLOW ...................................................................................... 53

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS ..................................................... 81

LUBRICATION POINTS ....................................................................... 104

BUSHING, BEARING AND WASHER LOCATIONS .............................. 105

SEAL LOCATIONS .............................................................................. 106

ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST ................................................................ 107

BASIC SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................... 124

PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM ................................................... 125

GLOSSARY ........................................................................................ 126

ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................... 128

INDEX ................................................................................................ 129

NOTES ............................................................................................... 131

2
PREFACE

The Hydra-matic 4T80-E Technician’s Guide is intended for automotive


technicians that are familiar with the operation of an automatic transaxle or
transmission. Technicians or other persons not having automatic transaxle
or transmission know-how may find this publication somewhat technically
complex if additional instruction is not provided. Since the intent of this
book is to explain the fundamental mechanical, hydraulic and electrical
operating principles, technical terms used herein are specific to the
transmission industry. However, words commonly associated with the
specific transaxle or transmission function have been defined in a Glossary
rather than within the text of this book.

The Hydra-matic 4T80-E Technician’s Guide is also intended to assist


technicians during the service, diagnosis and repair of this transaxle.
However, this book is not intended to be a substitute for other General
Motors service publications that are normally used on the job. Since there
is a wide range of repair procedures and technical specifications specific to
certain vehicles and transaxle models, the proper service publication must
be referred to when servicing the Hydra-matic 4T80-E transaxle.

© COPYRIGHT 2000 POWERTRAIN GROUP


General Motors Corporation

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

All information contained in this book is based on the latest data available
at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make product or
publication changes, at any time, without notice.
No part of any GM Powertrain publication may be reproduced, stored
in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,
including but not limited to electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
Powertrain Group of General Motors Corporation. This includes all
text, illustrations, tables and charts.

1
INTRODUCTION
The Hydra-matic 4T80-E Technician’s Guide is hydraulic fluid as it applies components or shifts
another Powertrain publication from the Technician’s valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a
Guide series of books. The purpose of this hydraulic schematic that shows the position of valves,
publication, as is the case with other Technician’s ball check valves, etc., as they function in a specific
Guides, is to provide complete information on the gear range.
theoretical operating characteristics of this
transmission. Operational theories of the mechanical, The third major section of this book displays the
hydraulic and electrical components are presented in “Complete Hydraulic Circuit” for specific gear
a sequential and functional order to better explain ranges. Fold-out pages containing fluid flow
their operation as part of the system. schematics and two dimensional illustrations of major
components graphically display hydraulic circuits.
In the first section of this book entitled “Principles This information is extremely useful when tracing
of Operation”, exacting explanations of the major fluid circuits for learning or diagnosis purposes.
components and their functions are presented. In
every situation possible, text describes component The “Appendix” section of this book provides
operation during the apply and release cycle as well additional transmission information regarding
as situations where it has no effect at all. The lubrication circuits, seal locations, illustrated parts
descriptive text is then supported by numerous lists and more. Although this information is available
graphic illustrations to further emphasize the in current model year Service Manuals, its inclusion
operational theories presented. provides for a quick reference guide that is useful to
the technician.
The second major section entitled “Power Flow”,
blends the information presented in the “Principles Production of the Hydra-matic 4T80-E Technician’s
of Operation” section into the complete transmission Guide was made possible through the combined
assembly. The transfer of torque from the engine efforts of many staff areas within the General Motors
through the transmission is graphically displayed on Powertrain Division. As a result, the Hydra-matic
a full page while a narrative description is provided 4T80-E Technician’s Guide was written to provide
on a facing half page. The opposite side of the half the user with the most current, concise and usable
page contains the narrative description of the information available regarding this product.

3
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
First time users of this book may find the page layout specific fluid circuits that enable the mechanical
a little unusual or perhaps confusing. However, with components to operate. The mechanical power
a minimal amount of exposure to this format its flow is graphically displayed on a full size page
usefulness becomes more obvious. If you are and is followed by a half page of descriptive text.
unfamiliar with this publication, the following The opposite side of the half page contains the
guidelines are helpful in understanding the functional narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it
intent for the various page layouts: applies components or moves valves in the system.
Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic
• Read the following section, “Understanding the which shows the position of valves, ball check
Graphics” to know how the graphic illustrations valves, etc., as they function in a specific gear
are used, particularly as they relate to the range. Also, located at the bottom of each half
mechanical power flow and hydraulic controls page is a reference to the Complete Hydraulic
(see Understanding the Graphics page 6). Circuit section that follows.

• Unfold the cutaway illustration of the Hydra- • The Complete Hydraulic Circuits section
matic 4T80-E (page 8) and refer to it as you (beginning on page 81) details the entire hydraulic
progress through each major section. This system. This is accomplished by using a fold-out
cutaway provides a quick reference of component circuit schematic with a facing page two
location inside the transmission assembly and dimensional fold-out drawing of each component.
their relationship to other components. The circuit schematics and component drawings
display only the fluid passages for that specific
• The Principles of Operation section (beginning on operating range.
page 9A) presents information regarding the major
apply components and hydraulic control • Finally, the Appendix section contains a schematic
components used in this transmission. This section of the lubrication flow through the transmission,
describes “how” specific components work and disassembled view parts lists and transmission
interfaces with the sections that follow. specifications. This information has been included
to provide the user with convenient reference
• The Power Flow section (beginning on page 53) information published in the appropriate vehicle
presents the mechanical and hydraulic functions Service Manuals. Since component parts lists
corresponding to specific gear ranges. This and specifications may change over time, this
section builds on the information presented in the information should be verified with Service
Principles of Operation section by showing Manual information.

4
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

LARGE CUTAWAY VIEW HALF PAGE TEXT FOR EASY RANGE REFERENCE CHART
OF TRANSMISSION REFERENCE TO BOTH PAGES
(FOLDOUT)
RK g
PA nnin
u
eR
gin
En


(P)
Park l
the e oi
r in th
PARK leve fromwing: PARK
ctor sure follo
HYDRA-MATIC 4T80-E (Engine Running) sele pres the Reg-
the line to 8): ) (Engine Running)
1 1a 1b 1c 1d 3a 2b 2a 2 Withsition, rected Valve(21essure
di
po p is lator (line ion pr


DRIVE TORQUE POWER FROM INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT LOW/REVERSE PARKING TORQUE TO POSSIBLE PRIMARY SECONDARY
37
TORQ SIGNAL
SPROCKET CONVERTER TORQUE SUN CARRIER CARRIER INTERNAL BAND LOCK GEAR FINAL DRIVE POWER
pum Regu tput miss p
PUMP PUMP

sure mp ou transpum

BOOST VALVE
CONVERTER GEAR ASSEMBLY PINIONS GEAR AND HUB (13) (833) PINIONS TRANSMITTED
(1) (631) (700) ROTATE ROTATES APPLIED HELD FROM Preses pu to the hen mand REV
ulat rdingents. Wthe defrom
DRIVING HELD (POWER VEHICLE
TERMINATES)
accoirem ceeds, fluidr

SECONDARY LINE
SCAVENGE OUTLET

LINE
requut ex sure lato
MANUAL 2ND REVERSE 3RD FORWARD COAST LOW outp e presre regu

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE


EX
SHAFT CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH ROLLER of linpressu SCAVENGE
CLUTCH the PUMP
MAIN PUMP SUCTION
LEFT RIGHT
SCAVENGE SCAVENGE
SUCTION SUCTION 24

TORQ SIGNAL
LUBE 2
26
BOTTOM
SUMP SCAVENGE OUTLET
OUTPUT UPPER LINE
25

SPEED SUMP
23
SENSOR
BALL LINE
CHECK
LINE LINE
DIFFERENTIAL
CONV FEED CONV FEED
ASSEMBLY
TORQ SIGNAL

LINE
OUTPUT TFP
SWITCH
SHAFT

CONV FEED

DRIVE
FINAL DRIVE

REV
INPUT SUN GEAR
REACTION CARRIER SHAFT
INTERNAL ASSEMBLY (722)

CONV RELEASE
GEAR (700)

CONV APPLY
REACTION HELD
(708)

REG APPLY
HELD

TO COOLER

TCC CONTROL
CARRIER INPUT HELD 1 2 3D NR P
ASSEMBLY SUN
INPUT SHAFT

3RD CL
(623) GEAR

LINE
AND
HELD (631)

EX
DRIVE REV

TORQ SIGNAL
3RD CLUTCH 27

EX
35
HOUSING
FINAL (604) CONV CL CONTROL TCC MANUAL VALVE
DRIVE DRIVING SOL

D321
DRIVE

PRND4
D21

PRND43

REV
TCC FD LIMIT

LO

EX
29

EX

EX
ASSEMBLY

LINE
PRN
TCC FD LIMIT
SCAVENGE CC FD LIMIT
PUMP

EX
EX
LINE
LUBE 1
INPUT PLANETARY
FITTING PINIONS
PRIMARY

CST CL FD
3RD CL
(702)

4 BD FD
PUMP

D21Y
11
FORWARD LINE

EX

EX
3-4 SHIFT VALVE
SPRAG
SECONDARY CLUTCH ACT FD LMT FILTER FILTERED
(338)
PUMP DRIVEN PARKING FINAL DRIVE 28 ACTUATOR

1-2 SOLENOID
D321

EX
EX
SPROCKET LOCK SUN GEAR ACT FD ACTUATOR FD FEED

PRN
LOW/REVERSE GEAR (121)

COAST CL
(415)

EX
BAND (833) HELD PRESSURE

C CL FEED
2-3 SHIFT

3RD CL
INPUT (13)

LO FEED
HELD D21Y
UPPER

LINE
CONTROL SOLENOID

D21
REACTION APPLIED

EX
D21
10

EX
CONTROL VALVE PLANETARY CARRIER SOLENOID OFF

LO
EX
8 9

EX
GEARSET COAST SHELL
ASSEMBLY CLUTCH TORQ SIGNAL

EX
(633) 2-3 SHIFT VALVE
FORWARD HUB HELD

EX

EX
EX
SPRAG (719) 2-3 ACCUM VALVE DRIVE
INPUT OUTER RACE FILTER

EX
INTERNAL 33 2-3 SOLENOID
INPUT LOW/REVERSE GEAR INPUT (721) 38 (917) 16
INTERNAL CO LINE ACTUATOR FD FILTERED ACTUATOR FD
SPEED SERVO (708) MP SEC 2-3 ACCUM

TORQ SIG
15
GEAR
SENSOR FLANGE
LE 1-2 SOLENOID
TE LO & REV BAND APPLY LO & REV BAND APPLY
(725) HY

REV CL

2-3 SOLENOID
REACTION PARKING DR LO & REV BAND REDUCE LO & REV BAND REDUCE
PA AUL 5

EX
EX
LOCK PAWL

DRIVE

LO FEED
#6

1-2 SOL
PLANETARY GE IC

4TH BD

PRN
(22) 1-2 SHIFT

4 BD FD
82 CIR

2ND CL
1-2 / 3-4 ACC ACCM BOOST 20
SOLENOID
GEARSET ENGAGED
CU

EX
5

EX
IT 30 LOW/REVERSE ON

EX
4

EX
3RD CL
36
LOW/REVERSE
FORWARD SERVO 56 SERVO
B 1-2 SHIFT VALVE

REV BAND
42
DRIVE 2ND AND COAST ASSEMBLY
FORWARD CLUTCH CLUTCH (928-934) LINE 4

EX
EX
DRIVEN OUTPUT LINK SPRAG 3-4 4TH 1-2 FORWARD REVERSE 2


SPRAG ASSEMBLY HOUSING APPLIED

REV
EX
PRIMARY ACCUM
SPROCKET SHAFT ASSEMBLY CLUTCH ACCUMULATOR SERVO ACCUMULATOR ACCUMULATOR ACCUMULATOR (716) (801)
2 3
OVERRUNNING HELD

Figure 53 Figure 54
8 Figure 6
56 57

PAGE NUMBER —
FOR REFERENCE TO
FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC

FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC — FLUID FLOW THROUGH


(FOLDOUT) COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT)

RK g
PA nnin
u
eR
gin
En
(P)
Park l
thethe oi
PARK (Engine Running) r inPARK
leve fromwing:
(Engine Running)

ctor sure follo


INTAKE & DECREASE LUBE LUBE LUBE COOLER
sele pres the Reg-
the line to

;;
;;;
; ;;;;
;;; ;;;
;;;
;; ;;;
; ;; ;;
LUBE
CONVERTER & LUBE REVERSE CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH FORWARD AND COAST CLUTCH FITTING
8): )
Withsition, rected Valve(21essure
TORQUE DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (418)
(3)
MAINLINE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY
2ND CLUTCH
di pr 14 13/14

; ; ;;;;
;;
11
SOLENOID SIG. ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY r
po p is lato (line ion 56 56
56 13 12 46 40 11 13a 40s 11 13
56 40 10
pum Regu tput miss
ACCUMULATOR 56 56 56 45 10 14 13 11 45 35 12 13 40
56
56 12 15 15 10 12
(338) 45d 46
ns p 10c 15
sure mp ou tra pum
ACTUATOR FEED FORWARD/COAST 56 56 46 45 45 46

;; ;;;;
;
;;
;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;
;;;;
;; ;;
22 56 56 56 56 56 15 45 22f
CLUTCH SUPPORT 45 40 22
Preses pu to thWe hen mand
LUBE 2 56 56 45 46
34
45a
TORQUE SIGNAL (822) 56 22 21 40 56
45 45 45 45c 45 40r 45 45 46 40
52 37 22a
56 45 2
ulat rdingents. the defrom
56 2 2 40 22 45b 45
56 56 56 22 6 13 46a 40n 2 45
56 (343) 46 1352 6 52 56 42b/40m 40

;;
;;;
;;;
;; ;;;; ;; ;
;;;;;
;
COAST CL 56 56 40 22 6e 6 22
56 13
accoirem ceeds, fluidr 32 10 40 13
56 56 56 56 32d 22e 22b 22
22 32 22 22 20 27 32 22 42
10 10 10 29 3

requut ex sure lato 56 6


56 8

;;;;;;
;;; ;;;;
;;;;
;;; ;;;;;;
LINE 56 10a
PRESSURE 3RD CL 11 11 56 10 8 40 11a 6a 22
3RD CL EX

40 22 8c 8a/10b 8d 6 8 10 10

;;;
;;
8 40
outp e presre regu
56 56
TAP 56 6 31 10 8 52 56 52 22c 40k
LUBE

(40) 8 56 8 42 22d 11
LUBE REV CL 11 56 56 56 8 42 31 8b 31
40p/42 8 40
EX 56 11 22 20 52 40h 40
of linpressu
22 56 56 56 28
42a 6 42 31
56 40 6b 20a 20
56 20 11b 11 22
REV CL

56 56 56 52 CLIP 20
3RD CL 56 22 20 6c 31 6

;;;;;
; ;;;
6
SECONDARY PUMP BODY (203)
EX
th e 40
56 (216)
56
56 31
POCKET

30
6
38
30
33
20b
30d/31a 32
20
30
7 30 30

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;


1 1 56 6 30 31 1 1
CONV APPLY

RIGHT SCAVENGE SUCTION 2 30 31


11 40 52 30 11c 30a 30b 30c/31 30 6 30
11 4 56 30/6 30
SLOT
30

;;
LINE 6a LINE
SLOT
4 4 IN
4
COOLER IN SLOT
8a 6d 8/9 11
8 8 52 6 27 9 40g GASKET 40
TORQ SIGNAL 6b 6
GASKET
9 27 SLOT
IN
6f 30
FORWARD CLUTCH 52 9 6 27 GASKET 24 26 27
22 56
2ND CL

37 6 IN
6g 6/32 41 6
52 27/6 27b
BOOST VALVE

22f 4 GASKET
7 6 40 40 27a 6 27
COAST CL 6

;;
REV 22e 4TH 56
56 25
40 42
23
6h 4 4 40
56 4
22d
SCAVENGE
TUBE
SERVO 40f
4 SLOT
(54)
SECONDARY 40g 4TH BAND (350) IN
ACT FD

PUMP 40h TRANSFER PLATE GASKET


REV CL
CASE COVER (33)
SPACER PLT (327)

(956)
CONV RELEASE
SECONDARY LINE

GASKET (328)
GASKET (228)

SCAVENGE PUMP COVER (237) REV 32c


SECONDARY PUMP BODY (203) GASKET (228) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) GASKET (326) SPACER PLATE (327) GASKET (328)

;;;;;; ;;;; ;;
;; ;;
;;;;;;; ;;;
;; ; ;;;;
;;;;;;;
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

EX
LUBE 2
LINE
LINE

3RD CL 40e
(Case Cover Side) (Secondary P.B./ Spacer Plate) (Case Cover Side) (V.B./ Spacer Plate) (Sec. P.B. & V.B./ Case Cover) (Spacer Plate/ Case Cover)
SCAVENGE PUMP BODY (225) PRIMARY PUMP BODY (200)
FORWARD CLUTCH 40d
38b

RIGHT SCAVENGE SUCTION 32b


TORQ SIGNAL

PRIMARY ACCUM

8c LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY


ORIFICED 3RD CL

SLOT
LINE (41)
LINE

(903) 39
IN
3RD CL
3RD CL

RIGHT SCAVENGE SUCTION

TFP
SCAVENGE OUTLET

8b GASKET 32a
2ND CL

;
;;;
;;;;;; ;;;;;
;;;;
;;;;;;; ;;;;