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3 1;1

Official Journal of the National Brotherhood Electrical Workers of America.

PER YEAR, 81.fl0 IN AOVANCE.


VOL. 1. No.2. ST. LOUIS, FEBRUARY, 1893. SINGLE COPIES, 10 CENTS.

SHULTZ PATENT ~~lj~1


Leather • Pulley • Covering.
SABLE RAWHIDE BELTING.
SEND fOR DESCRIPTIVE CIRCULARS.
ST. LOUIS, lV£O.
NEW YORK, N. Y •• 225 Pearl St., A. B. LAURENCE, Manager.
BOSTON, MAl'lS., 164 Summer St., GEO. T. KELJ-,Y. Manager.
PHILADELPHIA, PA., 129 N. 3d St., JAS. GARNETT. Manager•

. "C. & C." ELEC.TRIC MOTORS. WE DO IT ALL.--~----


I-S HORSE POWER TO 100 HORSE POWER. Install complete Electric Light, Power or Railway Plants.
YOU CAN CHOOSE ANY MAKE APPARATUS
"QU'e a.re .A.ge~:ts :for N ' o ' b o d y

Bur ARE CONSULTING AND CONSTRUCTING ENGINEERS.


WE CONTRACT FOR E TIRE PLANTS, design and build
same COMPLETE, furnish APPARATUS AND E GINE OF ANY
MAKE DESIRED, erect buildings for Stations, Pole Line, install all lights,
operate plants for a short period after completion and WE GUARANTEE
,OUR WORK.
Installing NOW the following complete Plants:
Marion Electric Light & Street fulilwny Co., Marion. TIls., 30 light Brush Arc
and 7W-light Brosh Incandescent.
Eagle Electric Co., Colombi:\, lIls .. WO-Iight National Inc.'\ndescent.
City of Fayette, Mo., Uon ..J. R Deathemge. Mayor, 60-light Wood Arc and
1,000 light Slattery IJI~",nde.cent. (Ft. Wayne.)
Globe Shoe & Clothillg Co., St. Louis, Mo., Two 40·light each Standard Are,
lind Two 400-light e:\ch Nntional InCAndescent.
Electric Power Served 24 Hours a Day, Sunday Included. They see our Work, ask them what they think of it.

ELECTRIC ELEVATORS AND LARGE POWER A SPECIALTY.


THE CONSOLlDRTED EN(;iINEERIN(;i CO.
523 SECURITY BUILDINC,

LACLEDE POWER CO. OF ST. LOUIS, Fourth and Locust Streets, ST. LOUIS, 11.0.

Office, 808 Bank of Commerce Building. LFREn C. EIISTEII, fros'U: Treas. TIIOS. V. RILl., Vieo.fm'll: See'y. JODI A. REIRT, Snp't Elodrir.&1 C.nslrudlon
2 THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. [Fehruary.

SOLAR CARBON 800 S01D IN 18 MONTHS.


MOTOR AND

BRUSHES.
DYNAMO
ACME OIL FILTERS!
The ACME is the cheapest, simplest, most
durable aud easiest operated practical Oil
Filter In the market. Will be cheerfully sent
ELECTRIC LIGHT CARBONS on 30 days' trial, to be returned at our ex-
pense if our claim~ are not fully substantiated .
SOFT CORED AND SOLID. .For further particulars, prices, etc., address

Battery Oarbons of all Shapes, HCME FILTER CO"


730 N. Main St., St. Louis, Mo.

SOLAR CARBON MANUF'G CO. CHICAGO

TAYLOR, GOODHUE & AMES,


AGENTS:

95 Fifth Ave., PITTSBURCH, PA. PM July 29, 1891. 827 MONADHOCK BLOCK.

~H:N NORT BROS. Interstate ComPlete EIectnc Construction 00.


Electricians and CONTRACTORS
IN
Contractors
ElJECTRICllh ENGINEERING pP Complete f~R Wiring)
CONSTRUCTION wonl{.
AGENTS FOR
Electric Light Armature
Kester's Dynamos and

Electric Bells, Annunciators


~Iotors
Installations) Winding) etc.
Speaking Tubes. ESTIMATES SUBMITTED.
A In,,'ue Stipp',!! of New a,ul
Seco,,(l-H-'nul ltlotoTtJ {Ol' sale.
REWINDINC DYNAMOS AND 809=817 S. Seventh St., St. Louis, Mo.
MOTORS A SPECIALTY.

718 MARKET STEEET, ST. LOUIS, MO.

A. M. MORSE & CO., E: S SIDGl ELEOIBIC ElGIJEEBIJG CO.


BUCEKEYE
G IN COMPL7;E CONSULTING ENGINEERS AND CONTRACTORS.
.... N
RUNNING POWER PLANTS •
50 TO 1000 H. P.
Electric Light and Power Plants,
E SIMPLE AND COMPOUND.
520 OLIVE ST. " " ST. LOUIS.
Dynamos and Motors.
ELECTRIC LIGHT WIRING FOR ANY SYSTEM, &c.

Eleetl'ia Bells, Annuneiatol's, Ulatah.man Cloaks, BUl'glal' lllal'ms, &e.

408 N. EIGHTH ST. TELEPHONE 453. S1. LOUIS, MO.

BUXTON & SKINNER


STATIONERY CO.

STATIONERS,
LITHOGRAPHERS,
---1 PRINTERS,
Blank Book Manufacturers,
215-217-219-221 Chestnut Street.
GEN'L ACT'S CALICRAPH WRITINC MACHINES.

~".-.--
Official JOlu'nal of the ational Brotherhood Electrical Workers of America.

VOL. 1. ST, LOUIS, FEBRUARY, 1893. No.2.

W. Denning. S. L~. Wilcox. W. fl. Wilkinson. L. W. Dillman. l!'. J. Ltoth. 1'. J. ~'Ieming. J. A. Frcney. A. M. I~ynn.

'l'. P. Fitzgernld. John Allen. M. A. ~Ynlsh.

Geo. W. Edison. J. F.Abearn. H. D. W. Glenn. 'l'. J. Finnell. F. J. Heizleman. T. Shuttleworth. P. F. llealy. J. Dunn.
E. L. Maslers. Jos. Macauley. J. 'l'. }(elly. llenry Miller. E. C. lJarlnng. W. H. Schneffer. Wm. Dorsel.
J. J. Vives. J. M. Cassidy. J. ll. Cnpps. J. Hisaerick. W.]. Ryan. W. J. ondon.

Second Annual Convention of the National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers.


!oCJ3

4 THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. [February.

Probabilities as to the Success of Distribution tial difference we can safely use on an armature is installed by the Westinghouse company. A
of Power at Considerable Distances by Big]l probably 2,000-3,000 volts, though some engineers potential difference of 3,000 volts is used, and 120
claim it can be carried as high as 5,000 volts. Take h. p. are transmitted 2% miles at an efficiency of 75
Tension Currents of Electricitv.
. g., a case where a good· steady water supply of per cent. This plant, we believe, is doing its work
BY E. CARL BREITHAUPT. 100 to 150 h. p. is availible at a distance of, say, 5 well, its total primary cost is given at $100 per
miles, and where we can afford to allow a loss of 20 horse power ilelivered.
The problem of the transmission of power in- percent on the line. Using a 100-h. p., 2000 volt gen- Mr. Tesla, some years ago, brought out a new
volves two distinct cases: (1) Distribution in erator, the required diameter of the line on a com- form of alternate current motor which has, how-
small quantities over limited areas, as e. g., central plete m(·talic circuit would be only slightly over ever, as yet, not been put to practical use. The
station distribution. (2) Transmission of energy two-tenths of an inch, about No.4 B. & S. gauge. principle involved is quite simple. Take e. g., a
in large units over considerable distances, as where \Vith an efficiency of 90 per cent in the machines four-pole machine and excite the field by means of
a large power supply is available, but at an other- we should still have 64 h. p. available at the motor two separate alternating currents, opposite poles
wise inaccessible place. Under this head again pulley. Taking the cost of the machinery as $30 being wound on the same circuit. If we give to
two cases may arise-where all the energy is to be per h. p., copper as 20 cents per pound, poles as these currents a phase difference of 90 degrees,
delivered at one place, and where considerable $4.50 set, and allowing 35 poles per mile, the first they will produce a resultant magnetic field which
quantities are to be delivered at each of several cost of our plant would sum up to $127 per h. p. wiII rotate with the same periodicity as that of the
places. delivered. exciting currents. Mr. Stanley has lately devised a
Of the purely mechanical methods of transmit- motor on which he uses a condenser to neutralize
ting power that of belts and shafts is no doubt the For distances where a high pressure is required,
the effects of self-induction, and also a method by
best for very short distance. Long lines of shaft- it has been proposed to use a number of dynamos which he claims the Tesla motor can be used on
ing, however, present some difficulty both in con- coupled in series and an equal number of motors
struction and operation. also in series at the receiving end. The scheme any simple alternate current circuit. Still' another
new form is that of the Ganz.
]!'or greater distances wire rope is often used has, we believe, been tried in France, where one of As to the merits of the tri-phase alternating cur-
with good results, the best example of which is the difficulties encountered was that in case of a rent, it possesses the same advantages as the sim-
the case of cable railways. According to Bering- break in the circuit. the machines were invariably
ple alternating current in that it can easily be
er's table, the efficiency of this method drops from burnt out. A Swiss firm has submitted plans on changed to any desired voltage by step-up and
93 per cent at 500 metres (about one-third of a this system for carrying 800 h. p. from Niagara
step-down transformers. The system received its
mile) to 13 per cent at 20,000 metres (12.4 miles). Falls to Chicago. They propose to use ten ma- first great trial at the Frankfort Electrical Exhibi-
At a recent cable railway test at which the writer chines of 100 h. p. and 3000 volts, each making a
tion in the summer of 1891, when the energy of a
assisted we found that altogether the road was total initial pressure of 30,000 volts, and allow a water-fall was transmitted from Lauffen to Frank-
operated quite economically. Where tratfic is loss of 24.5 per cent on the line. Counting on an
heavy, the systern is undoubtedly a good one. efficiency of 90 per cent in the 'machines the plant fort, a distance of 108 miles. The underlying prin-
Transmission by compressed air distributed would have a total efficiency of 60 per cent. The ciple is the same as that of the Tesla motor.
motors at the receiving end would 'drive dynamos The first named type of tri-phase motors, like the
through pipes is available for greater distances. synchronous, simple alternating motor, must har-
The efficiency of such a system varies from 55 per which in turn would supply current at any desired
monize in phase with the generator; it is, there-
cent at 500 metres to 40 per cent at 20,000 metres, potential difference. Taking the distance as 500 fore, not necessarily self starting, though it will
and can be increased about 20 per cent if the air be miles, w.e find that to get the results above stated
we should require a wire having a diameter of start with the generator. Its fields must be excited
heated. by continuous currents. The second type will
Transmission by steam distributed through pipes about .37 inch (about No. 00 B. & S. guage) for a start itself, even under heavy load, and of course
and by hydraulic means may also be mentioned as complete metallic circuit. The total weight
requires no separate field excitation; its speed is
among the purely mechanical methods, but their of copper would thus be something over 1,063 also fairly constant under variations of load.
application is very limited; where gas is cheap the tons.
With this motor the tri-phase system should be
gas engine can be used to good advanta~e. Alternating currents furnish a ready solution of
, quite as commercial for central station distribu·
The problem of distribution over a limited area many of the difficulties in the problem of power
tion as the continuous current. Moreover, by
is in general best solved by electric methods, and transmission, but as yet we are in the position of means of specially designated motor-dynamos, it
of these tho, most successful is that of distribution the man of whom the German proverb says, he had
can be transformed into continuous currents of
by direct CUlT, nt at constant pressure. The dyna- the soup but not a spoon. We can generate at low any desired voltage. We could thus transmit
mos and motors of this class, shunt and compound voltage, transform by means of stationary appara-
energy from a large and otherwise inaccessible
wound usually have an etficiency of over 90 per tus, which requires no further attention, to a high source over a considerable distance and supply
cent (i. e., the larger sizes), and the loss on the voltage, thus be transmitted over the line and current either alternating or continuous at any
line can casily be made quite small, so again reduced to any desired potential difference at desired potential difference and for any desired
that we may reasonably expect to have the other end. The method involves more interde- purpose.
over 75 per cent of the mechanical horse pendent parts, and the first cost of such a plant is Summing up then: Of the different systems
power delivered to the dynamo for actual use at generally somewhat higher than where continuous now in use for the transmission of energy, in cases
the motor· pulley. Moreover, the cost of such a currents are used. . Further, for alternating cur- of any considerable distance the electrical methods
plant is not really so high as with any of· rents the practical resistance of a wire is not the make undoubtedly a better showing in point of
purely mechanical means and a pressure same as for continuous currents, since periodicity efficiency than any of the purely mechanical methods
can be. used which is perfectly safe. Any and self-induction must now also be considered. It and they have also much the advantage in first
system of long distance of transmission to be is no longer a constant quantity, whatever the cur- cost. So soon as the distance exceeds a few miles
successful must, of course, deliver power at the rent, and to do the same work we may, and often the low tension current of course drops out of
consideration. For moderate distances, not over
receiving end cheaper than it can there be produced. do, require a wire of greater cross-section. Again, six to eight miles, we think continuous current
This practically limits the case of long. distance the E. M. F. now varies periodically between zero apparatus will generally be found the most suita-
work to cheap sources and large units. Its princi- and a certain maximum; the effective E. M. F. is ble. If we want to supply a number of large
pal factors then are: 1. Primary cost. 2. Work- therefore only a mean, and we must insulate against motors, each with varying load, the problem will
a greater voltage than that indicated. be diffiCUlt, but it will be so in any case. For long
ing expense. 3. Safety. distance the tri-phase current is, we think, at pres-
In electrical transmission we have at present·three Whether it be advisable to use step-up and step- ent the most suitable and there are many instances
different methods, viz. : 1. By means of direct down transformers will depend on distance and the where large water powerll now going to waste
currents either at constant potential or constant line loss we can allow. In every case the cost of could thus be utilized.
current. .. 2. By means of simple alternating transformers must be balanced against the addi- ---'-"~"----
currents. 3. By means of the three phase alternat- tional cost of copper which they save. Electric Stamping Machines.
ing so-called rotary current. In any case, unless The ordinary motor for simple alternating cur- The electrical stamping machines, which have
we can thereby effect a corresponding reduction in rents has the great drawback that it will not st!J,rt been adopted in so many post office departments,
the working expense, coupled with a fair degree of itself. When running it must be kept in perfect are capable of effectively stamping 30,000 letters in
safety, the cost of our plant must be reasonably synchronism with the generator supplying it, the an hour. 'The letters are placed upon their edges
low; this .means that the machinery must be as result of which is that when overloaded it comes in a horizontal hopper, and carried, one at a time,
simple as possible; further, it should. consist of the to a dead halt, sometimes with disastrous results. between two feed rollers. After the first separa-
fewest possible number of inter-dependent parts, The only way it can be used is, therefore, to start tion is thus effected a second set of feeding rollers
so as to reduce the liability of a breakdown to a it by some independent means and bring it up to carryon the envelope to the inking rollers, where
mininlum, and it should not be liable to get out of the required speed before we turn on the current; each letter is stamped singly, and then passed on
order. the load can only be applied after this has been to the stacking table. A register shows the num-
In all:these respects, as in many others, the direCt done. In cases where only one motor is to be sup- ber of envelopes canceled. The date and hour in
current system so far has the advantage, and we plied from the line, and the load is a constant the die must be changed by hand: The various
are inclined to think that very many if not most of one, the system can be used to advantage. A rollers .are run by belts, passing over different
the cases arising in ordinary practice can be best notable example, and the only one of which we sized pulleys, which are in tum connected by gear-
dealt with by this method. The maximum poten- know, is the mining plant at Telluride,. Colo., ing to the axle of the. actuating motor.·
February.] THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. 5

Underground Construction. water. After the conduit is laid and manholes What is Electricity?
built, an entrance must be obtained to the tele-
BY W. A. TOWER. phone building, which too often has been built rBy S F. Walker, in the London "Electrical Engineer."]
It is only within the iast seven years that under- without proper consideration for the handling of The rapid advances that have been made during the
ground conduits for electrical purposes have been cables. past ten years, both in the practical application of
constructed to any extent, although as early as In pulling in cables, we first have to get a rope electricity to the service of man and in the knowl-
through the duct. This is done with wooden rods, edge of the principles of the science, have brought
]808 Soemering, a Russian scientist, exploded about four feet long, equipped with malleable-iron us, in the writer's opinion, to the point at which
mines electrically throu~h an underground wire a couplings. Th€ rods are handled quite easily, two
mile long, and in 1837 Cooke and Wheatstone men being able tc rap 400 feet of conduit in about we are obliged to ask ourselves, What is electricity?
15 minutes. The rope is fastened to an iron clevis, if the advance is to continue. Up till very recently,
operated the first practical telegraph system.in the
about 10 inches long, made to fit the cable, an notwithstanding the wonderful guesses that have
world by means of underground wires. riveted on to the end of it. The reel of cahle being made by those not actually engaged either in the
The first work of burrying wires in America was on a holder, the cable is then ready to pull in, which
done in Washington, D. C., but I believe the system is done with·awinch, geared to an upright shaft study or the practice of electricity,and the closer and
with a sliding drum, and so arranged that closer approximations that have been made by
did not work satisfactory, and is to be, or has been, the drum can be placed exactly opposite the duct those mathematicians who have given attention to
remodeled. The next work of any importance was through which the cable is to be drawn, thereby the SUbject, it may fairly be said that we knew
done in Chicago, where they adopted the drawing- avoiding pulling the cable around, or over any absolutel,Y nothing as to what the mighty force
in system, the only practical system for telephone corners of the conduit.
After the _cables are in the splicing has to be we dealt with was. And, in addition to this, it has
work at the present time. done. This:operation requires the greatest of not been necessary that we should know what
This system does not necessitate the use of any care, and only thoroughly reliable men should electricity was, so long as we were thoroughly cog-
particular material or make of conduit, of which ever be employed to do this work. In making a nizant with what it could be made to do.
there are a great many. The principal ones are: splice, the cables from each way are bent into
their proper places in the manhole, and then cut Prof. Oliver Lodge first aroused us from this
1st, iron pipe, 2d, cement-lined iron pipe, and 3d, to the proper length, which allows the ends to lap peaceful state when he commenced his crusade
the Wyckoff. about a foot. The lead is then stripped off each against lightning conductors. Those of us who
In building an iron pipe conduit, after trench end the length of the lap, and a piece of lead pipe, had stndied the SUbject closely felt that Dr. Lodge
has been dug, a layer of concrete about three large enough to cover the wires when spliced, is
then slipped over one of the ends, the wires are was wrong, and we believe that in the battle at
lllches thick is laid, wide enough to allow an inch separated in pairs and turned back as far as the Bath we successfully defended onr position, but it
or more between each pipe, and three inches lead is stdpped. was only by making use of an argument that is
on each side. A row of pipes is then Two pairs of the bottom wires-one from each
laid, the pipe lengths varying from to end-are then taken, and the insulation stripped always in the mouth of the old type of practical
off, care being taken not to nick the wires. A men, and which was therefore dangerously close to
22 feet, and are screwed together by regular paper sleeve is then put on one end of each wire, the feminine argument-it is because it is. We
.threaded couplings. After this is done concrete is the wirel:s twisted together, and the sleeve slipped could not go further because we were lost, literally
is put on, filling up the spaces between the pipes back over the junction of the wires. After all the and metaphorically, immediately we got up
and three inches on each side. The concrete is pairs are joined in this way, they are boiled out
with hot paraffin, to vaporize any moisture that in the clouds. What is a charged cloud? oc-
thim leveled off about one inch above the pipe. may have been absorbed while making the splice A curred to one again and again, and one was not
Another row of pipe is then put down, and the piece of paper is bound around all the wires to keep satisfied with the old stereotyped answer that the
procress repeated until the proper number of the paper sleeves in position; the lead sleeve is now
ducts has been laid. The top layer of the pipe is pulled over the splice, and a regular plumber's cloud formed one plate of a condenser.
joint wiped. Since the battle at Bath, the writer of this article
then covered with three inches or more of concrete, Before a splice is started the cable is tested has been closely observing every circumstance that
and the trench filled in. back to the office, or to the point from- which it _appeared to bear upon the question, and he has
The cement-lined pipe comes in - lengths of about starts for open and grounded wires; the length to
8 feet with beveled male and female ends, and is be spliced on is also tested in the same way, and devoted a considerable amount of time to the pur-
if any such wires are found they are spliced pose of thinking the matter out step by step, but
laid in the same way as the iron pipe. The joints together, so that although the.re might be a faulty it was not until after listening to the lecture de-
are made by bringing male and female ends together, wire in every section of _the cable there would livered by Prof. Riicker before the British Associa-
and covering the junction with neat cement. still be only one bad wire from end to end. If the
The Wyckoff conduit consists of pieces of testing were not done, a faulty wire in one section tion on "Electrical Stress," and after careful
might be spliced to a good wire in the next, and thought had enabled him to realize the full force
thoroughly creosoted wood, about 8 feet 4 inches so on; in which case the more sections of cable of the experiments so ably conducted on that
long, 4% inches in diameter, with a three-inch the more faulty wires there would be in the entire occasion, that the result, which he now ven-
hole through the centre, the ends counter-bored length. After all the splices are made, and the tures to state, dawned upon him. As far as
and tenoned. There is first laid an inch-and-a-half pole or building terminal put on, the wires are
tested out and put on corresponding binding posts the writer is able to nnderstand the matter now,
board in the bottom of the trench, which is wide at each end. A capacity and insulation test is electricity is simply motion of the molecules of the
enough to hold the proper number of ducts. The made, and if it is up to the standard the cable is different substances which are the SUbjects of
ducts are then laid on this, layer by layer, the ready fOl' use. At present the insulation must be
joints being made by joining the male and female at least 500 megohms per mile, and the capacity at electrical action, just as heat, light and sound are,
most .08 microfarad per mile. and the only difference between these forces is the
ends abouts half the length of the tenon, when rate of the motion. The know of sound, as we all
~----1111'''''''---+----------
hot pitch is pOUl-ed in, and the lengths then Telegraphing at Sea. know, is comparatively slow; that of heat and
_driven together. After the ducts are all laid, a The telephete, or sea-telegraphing instrument, light are very rapid. That of electricity would
I%-inch board is placed on top to protect the which has been placed at the disposal of the United appear to be somewhat between the slow motion
ducts from the picks of workmen digging across States Government, and the working of which will of sound and the rapid motion of the heat-waves,
the line of the conduit. be shown at the World's Fair, is well spoken of by whose motion is slowest. A.nd it would appear
This all appears very simple to those who have experts who have examined it. The instrument that the wonderful adaptability which electricity
had no experience with this work, but some of the consists of a series of wires and electrical connec- shows for every kind of work is due entirely to
difficulties which have to be overcome are by no tions operated by a keyboard, boY which 106 incan- the position which its rate of motion occupies in
means trifling. In the first place, after deciding descent lights are controlled and made to produce the scale of the energies. It would als? appear
upon the route to be followed, it is necessary to the signals of the Morse alphabet. The wires that the reason this wonderful agent laid dormant
find out whether there is room enough on the number over 5000, and occupy a space of only 11 for so many ages, and is even now only partially
street to lay the conduit. The engineer or super- by 12 inches. The dots of the telegraph charac- developed, is very largely, at any rate, because we
intendent of construction applies to the city and ters are represented by two illuminated lamps, the -have no sense which responds to the particular
gas company for the location of their mains, which spaces by twelve unilluminated, and dashes by periods of vibration comprised within the electri-
information, as a rule, is given very graciously, twelve illuminated lamps. The inventor claims
hut in three out of five cases the position given that 32 candle-power lamps can be seen at a dis- cal ra.nge.
tance of ten to fifteen miles. As already pointed out, Prof. Rucker's experi-
is not correct within two or three feet, and about ments showing clearly that the dielectric in an
the only use made of the information is to tell on Coating Carbons. electric condenser is compressed by reason of the
which side of the street the mains are, and, conse- One of the greatest drawbacks to the use of the charge which is present at the surface of the con-
quently, test holes have to be dug to locate the arc lamp has always been the large consumption of denser plates, puts the keystone to the arch which
pipes hefore the work can he started. As a carbons caused by the intense:heat, and a consider- is built up of the principles of the science; but
general rule the bottom of the conduit is put able increase in the cost of lighting was thereby once the principle is accepted, it will _be found
below the level of the gas mains, and when a caused. A method of treating carbons has lately that every electrical phenomena can be explained
corner is reached it is often necessary to carry been discovered which greatly lengthens the life of by its use, and that many phenomena that have
part of the ducts over the mains, and purt under the carbon. It consists of coating the carbon tips hitherto appeared very puzzling become quite
them. The manholes are usually located at street with copper of about the - same thickness as that simple when interpreted by its aid. The limits of
intersections, and consist of - chambers about 7 feet usually employed, and then adding a heavier coat- . this article will not allow of illustratiOnS being
long, 5 feet wide, and 7 feet deep, with brick walls ing of zinc. The carbons thus treated are said to given, but the writer hopes to return to the SUbject
laid in cement, and a cast iron head and cover burn twice as long as those having merely the cop- again and will then go more fully into details.
generally made to bolt down tight to keep out per covering. The writel"s reason for referring to the evidence
6 THE ELECTRTCAL WORKER. LFebruary.

afforded by Prof. Riicker's experiments as so con- Iu the preseut sIgnaling system the road is di- Another advantage of the system is that i.f a
clusive is because this fact of the increased size vIded Into sectIons or blocks varying from half a switch is turned or a rail broken the danger signal
or altered form of any body when sUbject to the mile to four miles in length. At each junction of is set automatically.

_
strain of one of the' other physical forces has' two blocks is a signal station. The operator in The New Jersey Central Raill'oad and Harlem
always been, and justly so, the grand argument in this station sets a danger signal against coming. road are also experimenting with the new systcm.
favor of the principle that these other forces were traius until he Is informed by telegraph by the op- -Globe-Democ1'at.
merely forms of motion within the bodies them- erator next ahean that the track between them is ....... _~.~.---
selves. One of the greatest difficulties, in fact, clear of trains. Then he se'ts an "all right" sig-
in approaching It sUbject of this kind is to train the
Filaments For Incandescent Lamps.
nal. Eugin'eers are forbidden to pass from one
mind to realize the invisible motion of the mole- block to that next ahead until the signal indicates A Germam electrIcal journal gives a descriptIon
cules of a body in each case. With sound, for that the block ahead is clear. The system would of a new method of preparing filaments for Incan-
instance, we may cause a bell or a tnning-fork to be practically perfect, barring fog1'!, if the opera- descent lamps In Germany, which, In the present
sound their proper notes, yet itis only by the appli- tors in the station could be absolutely depended transitional state of_the Incandescent lamp indus-
cation of special apparatus that we are able to upon. In the new system electricity does the try, Is full of Interest. The filament is constructed
show that these bodies are not only in motion, watching and compressed air does the signaling. in three layers, of which the core Is the actual car-
but actually change their form when emitting The blocks are half a mile long. Each block has bon thread. It is soaked wIth a mIneral gum, and
sound; so, too, with heat. It is exceedingly diffi- its own electrIcal batteries and other mechanism. is covered with a non-conductIng sheath of sHicate,
cult for ns to realize that an iron bar is in motion The rails of each block, being the conductors of which melts during the carbonization and serves
within itself, even when what we call cold, yet it is ~ot only to protect the filament from burning dur-
the electricity which controls the mechanism, are
not difficult to prove that every substance alters its insulated at each end from the rails of adjoinIng lUg the process and from the air, but also to give it
form under the influence of heat, expanding as blocks. A. weak battery of only two cells is con- a smooth surface, on which the third layer (whIch
heat is applied, contracting as heat is taken from is necessary 'for the adjustment of the resistance),
nected with the rails, the positive current .entering
it; and that the different states in which bodies one and the negative the other. This battery is at can be finely and evenly deposited. It is the usual
exist-the solid, liquid and gaseous-are dne to practice to adjust the resistance of the filament
the upper end of the block. At the lower end,
the different spaces required by the molecules ill after flxture in the bulb by heating in liquid or gas
that which the approaching traIn reaches flrst, the
their vibrations, and,. therefore, to the different from which carbon can be deposited, but the cur-
circuIt is completed through an electro magnet,
rates of their vibrations. As in all these cases it rents set up by the heatIng hinder; the process, ow-
into which wires enter from the mils. So long
has been shown that change of form, increase or Ing to the contained oxygen acting on the deposit-
as there is no train on the block to connect the
decrease of the lineal dimensions of any body under Ing carbon and spoHing its quality. In the new
two rails, anel thus short-cIrcuit the current,
the influence of sound, heat or light, can only be process the filaments are heated in :a bath of par-
the electro magnet remains charged and holds
due to the increase or decrease of the rate and its armature fast to it. As soon as a affin or napthalian, or some similar hydrocarbon
amplitude of the vibrations of the molecules of the solid at ordinary tempemture. Since only the par-
train enters the block, however, the current is
body within itself, so the fact that the dielectric of ticles in the immediate neighborhood of the fila-
short-circuited through the wheels and axles, the
an electric condenser is compressed when the ment become liquid, no appreciable convection cur-
electro magnet ceases to be charged aud releases
condenser is charged can only be due to the in- its armature. A second electric curcuit operated rents are set up. The wooden, silk or cotton
creased dimensions of the condenser plates from by a more powerful battery is broken and closed thread filament, after being steeped in a solution of
the vibrations set up withfn the plates themselves by the movement back and forth of the armature 25 per cent to 30 per cent water glass, 10 per cent
by reason of what we know as the electrostatic of this electro maguet. This sccond electrIc cir- to 15 per cent Senegal gum and 12 per cent to 13 per
charge. Electric currents, of course, are merely .cuit is so connected by mechanical devices with the cent caustic soda, is rolled and bcnt into the form
the communication of these motions from one of an angle-iron, this form having the advantage of
compressed air system operating the semaphore
body to another; those bodies such as the metals signals that the signals are raised and lowered possessing many sharp edges, which are more lu-
in whIch the molecules are more easily able to take whenever the circuit is broken and close by the minous than surfaces. The filament Is then car-
up the motIon forming what we call co~duc­ movement of the armature. Suppose, first, that bonized in the usual manner and placed. In the par-
tors, and those whleh do so with dIfficulty beIng affin bath, the paraffin solidifyIng around it; the
there is no train 011 the block.. The weak electric
insulators. current ruus the length of the raUs and completes necessary arrangements for measu"ring their resis-
tance are made; the current is passed; and parti-
The writer will conclude this brief. notice by its circuit through the electro magnet, which, thus
cles of carbon are deposited on the sHicate sheath.
remarkIng that heat currents would be far charged, holds down the armature. The armature
connects the positIve and the negative 'poles of the When the filament attaius the proper resistance the
more efficient than electric currents if we coulcl
current is cut off, the belt of paraffin is melted and
make use of them as we do the latter, and that, as electric current from the second battery, complet-
ing this second Circuit. the filament removed; the partIcles of paraffin are
he bcfore remarked, the reason electrIcity is such
cleared off by alcohol, and the filament is then ready
a nseful agent appears to be because its rate of
The second current completed affects the com- to be fixed to the lamp. The method is said to pos-
vibration Is sufficiently high to admIt of rapId
pressed-air mechanism in such a way as to show sess the following advantages: The gum gives the
transmission, yet not sufficiently so to be destruc-
llIl "all right" signal. The engineer of an ap- filament great toughness and strength; the silicate
tive. It only becomes destructive when it is trans-
proaching train sees the "all right" signal and sheath again strengthens it and forms an evenly
formed into heat.
knows that the block ahead of him is clear. The constructed whole; the adjustment of tIie resistance
train then enters the block. The instant the. Is iuuch easier, as paraffin is the most suItable hy-
wheels touch the rails the current from the' weak drocarbon for the purpose of deposItIng carbOli,
A New Electric Block System. battery Is short-circuited then. The current while' the solid bath prevents all access of air dur-
A new block system is about to be put in opera- ceases to pass through the electro magnet, and ing the process.
tion on the Pennsylvania Railroad. It is called the that being demagnetized. releases the armature.
electro-pneumatIc system of automatic block sig- The armature, on being released,· immediately
----.... -.---.----
Playing the Banjo by Eletcricity.
naling. The present system, which depends upou springs back, aud the circuit from the second bat-
Those who lJold that the Introduction of elec-
operatoJCs at each signal statIon to telegraph back tei'y Is broken. The breakiug of thIs circuit in-
tricIty into every department of Industrial and so-
to the station next behind whether the tracks are stantly affects the compressed-air mechanism in
ciallife is apt to be overdone, would seem to have
clear, is not always to be trusted, as has been snch a way as to show a danger signal. As long
some ground for complaint now that an electric
found in one 01' two receut accidents. On the other as the train' remains on the block this danger sigual
banjo has appeared in Boston. The instrument has
haud, say the engineers, electricity can always be - remains set. The instant it passes the next block
the curreut from the weak battery resumes its electro-magnets so fitted as to press on the frets
depended upon. It never gets drunk or mIxcd up,
when energized, and a pluckIng arrangement acts
it cloes not neglect its dnty, and it has never been course through the electro maguet, the cIrcuit
on the strings. These actions are controlled by a
known to go to sleep on post. The worst that can from the second battery is closed and the "all
moving strip of paper rtll1 by an electric motor,
be said of electricity is that the mechanism which right" signal is set again.
through guideways of It contact-maker, the paper
it controls sometimes 'gets out of order. But in
By another device the next block ahead is also being previously stamped out in dots and dashes
the system which has bcen adopted any break in the
correspondiug to tlJe tune. It may be doubted,
current or disarrangement of the mechanism shows connected with the pneumatic apparatus so that
two sIgnals are shown at cach station. A red lUlU however, whether the electrIc banjo will ever serve
. a danger signal. So, whether or not the new sys-
stands for the block just ill front and a green arm any practical purpose beyond being a monument of
tem proves as effective as·Is hoped, the change is
perverted ingenuity.
on the side of safety. At present the company is for the block just next to it. The cngineer of an
going to apply the new system to only ninety-one approaching train, if he sees both anus down,
miles of its main line. Workmen are putting it in knows that the track is clear for two blocks ahead Arc Lights in Mid-Ocean.
at each end of the New York division, a distance of him. If he sees the red arm down and tile A :French company has again brought forward
of ninety-one miles. If it wo.rks on the maIn line green arm mised, he knows that the block just the question of lighting the Atlantic route from
as successfully as it has worked on the Pittsbnrg ahead is clear, but that there is a train on the next Ireland to Newfoundland. It is proposed to put
division, where it has been tested, the company block to it. The old system sIgnals ouly the con- ten powerful fl()ating lights, 200 miles apart, aDd
will apply it to the entire road. dition of the block the train is about to enter.
connect them by·electric cables.

..····.~,--:,,·.· ......-:.·_·~.,;.;.,_--...., ....~r·


------ -----,------
P?
f/ f

'THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. rFebruary.

Our Thanks Editor of a paper, not a common, every-day


Are due to the daily press of St. Louis for sheet, but a scientific, imtructive educator of
the very handsome manner in which they electrical workers. How well he filled his
welcomed us to the journalistic ranks. Each position you have seen in the first issue of the
and everyone of them gave us a kindly journal. Therefore I believe it my duty, as
greeti"g and had a few words of encour- President of the National Brotherhood of
agement. Their action was a great contrast Electrical Workers, to express my sincere
to the sullen silence which was universally thanks, with the firm belief that the Brother-
observed by the electrical papers, to each hood throughout the United States will also
and all of whom we mailed a sample copy. recognize the worth of him who has given his
They did not even notice our adve'nt among time and ideas for our benefit. I hope that
them. They may have considered be- every union belonging to the Brotherhood
neath their collegiate dignity to grasp the will express their appreciation of our grand
digits of a horny-handed son of toil, or more Secretary-Treasurer and editor of the ELEC-
probably their masters, the great monopo- TRICAL WORKER. There is one thing I
lizing electric companies (by whom they ,are would like to impress upon every member of
subsidized or owned, body and soul) fOl- 'our organization: that our journal is neither
bade them to give us a kindly greeting. This a political nor religious paper. Its chief, and
will not interfere with our digestion, how- in fact only, mission is to educate the mem-
ever, nor will it sour the lacteal fluid of bers of the Brotherhood and to uphold the
human kindness in our disposition. In their rights of electrical workers. Many griev-
despite we will still wax and gro,"" fat and in ances have come under my notice, such as
our March issue will discard our swaddling . political and other differences, intedering
and long clothes and appear in a neat, quiet, with our great work of elevating and enno-
gray quakerish covering befitting our mod- bling our members. I am sorry to say that
est demeanor and expectations. We refer even religion has been brought into our camp.
our classt'c friends to Byron's farewell to This should not be. The National Brother-
Moore and as their memories are probably hood of Electrical Workers gives perfect
as short as their bank accounts we quote freedom to all its members in their political
A<lverj,ising Rates on Application. these lines for their benefit: and religious beliefs and does not lean to any
"Here's a sigh for those that love me, one political faction nor religious creed. Any
WE again call the attention of our press Here's a smile for those that hate;
movement to introduce politics, religion or
secretaries to their trade reports. The elec- And whatever sky's above me,
Here's a heart for every fate." other extraneous matter into our unions is
tical industry is not overcrowded. There simply to cause discord in our ranks and is
may be more men in some localities than are JUST as we are going to press we are in re- the work of malevolent individuals who join
needed, but there is always a demand for ceipt of the unwelcome intelligence that the our Brotherhood and intend to "rule or
men somewhere. We have a large number General Electric Co, (The Edison Electric ruin." Therefore I say, brethren, beware
of men who take pleasure in traveling-, and Trust), have won their suit against the Bea- of such traitors and sit down promptly and
it is our aim, with the aid of our correspon- con Vacuum Pump& Electric Co. of Boston. resolutely on any and all motions, resolutions, .
dents, to keep all members thoroughly post- ' This virtually gives the Edison Trust the mo- etc., that are foreign to the constitution of
ed on the condition of work, so that when nopoly of manufacturing incandescent lamps
the N. B. E. W.
they desire to make a chang-e, or when out of for at least a time, but the case will be car-
work, they may know where to look for it. ried to the Supreme Court and the decision The electrical companies and works are
lt often happens that a number of men will may be reversed. The Columbia Incandes- just beginning to appreciate the Brotherhood.
come to a city where there are already a cent Lamp Co. of St. Louis, are cited to ap- The fact that the electrical workers have to
number out of work. This has a demoraliz- pear before the U. S. Courts here by the serve an apprenticeship of three years is a
ing effect on wages, and could be avoided if General Electric Co., to show cause why guarantee that a member of the organization
the men were properly dir~cted. they should not be restrained from manufact- is a skilled and intelligent workman-one
THE officers of a Local Union should be uring lamps, but Prest. Rhotchaniel claims that uses his head as well as his hands. The
very particular about admitting strangers to to have much stronger evidence against the members are more apt to teach each other
the meetil1g, and should adhere strictly to Edison patents than the Beacon Co. had, and all the points and tricks of the trade and will
Art. XVI., Sec 5 of the constitution, which propo~es to figh> it to the bitter end. We learn quicker from each other than from
covers this matter. hope this will not be a repetition of the tele- strangers who are afraid the newcomer may
soon know more than himself and supersede
IT must give a great deal of satisfaction to phone suits, and that the control of the man· him.
the stockholders and others who were driven ufacturing of the familiar little glow lamps
Employers have found out that where all
to bankruptcy by the B.. Il Telephone Co., to will not pass permanently into the han9s of
know that in a sh"rt time the field will again one monopoly, thus retarding the progress of their employes are members of the same
be open to all comers. The old stockholders domestic electric lighting-. organization there -is less bickerings and jeal-
of the Pan-EI.-ctric Telephone Co. of St. ousies and things run smoother.
ADVlCE FHOM OUI{ PRESIDENT.
Louis. held a meeting and propose to go ac- Fellow-craftsmen, in conclusion I would
tively mto the telephone busineFS early in the National Brotherhood of Electrt'cal Work- say: It is impossible to send an organizer to
spring. "Vith three companies in the field- ers, Grcett'ng: every place, and I believe it entirely unnec- !
The Bell, The Nt'w Telephone and Tele- FRIENDS AND BRETHREN :-1 am proud of essary. I would remind the brethren of the
graph Service Co. and The Pan-Electric Co., the fact that we now have a journal of our fact that each one of them is an organizer of
-the "hello" customer can pay his money own, and no am_ount of credit given our Sec- the Brotherhood. Wherever you may be
and taKe his choice. The more the merrier, retary would in any measure express my ap- by all means try to get your fellow workm~n
we say; so come on with 'your new com- preciation of his work. to join the organization. Also get as many
panies, gentleman, as soon as possible. We A man frol11 our own ranks, a brother of subscribers and advertisers for the ELEC-
have plenty of good, true and capable men in our lodge, elected by his brethren to a posi- TRICAL WORKER as possible. Always rec-
our ranks that can teach you practical tele- tion of trust and responsibility, was the first ollect that by aiding the Brotherhood you aid
phoning from' Alpha to Omega. to take upon himself the duties of an editor. yourselves. To some of our high-toned

---_.'=.._ - -
February.] THE ELECTRICAL WORKER.

ST. LOUIS'S PIONEER ELECTRIC The National Elec.tric Light Convention


LIGHT. at St. Louis.
The coming convention, to be held in this city
Tony Faust the First to Use the Electric commencing February 27th, promises to be such an
Arc Light in St Louis Then one as will be a credit to our city, and, we hope,
and Now. will also give pleasure to and be appreciated by all
While in Paris in 1878 Mr. Tony Faust was so those who participate in its workings.
much dazzled by the electric arc lights then jtlst St. Louis is justly famed for its· great conven-
tions, and, as the details for this one are in the
coming into use there that he decided to have a
hands of the proper parties, there is not the slIght-
plant of his own on his retnrn to this city. With est doubt but what the St. I.-ouis Electrical Con-
him to decide was. to act. He pnrchased a Gramme vention will be a grand success in every respect.
dynamo and a supply of 5000 arc light candles, and We will endeavor to keep posted on all that is
Messrs. Jilllgenfcldt & Heisler did the fitting up. going on at the convention, and promise our read-
As electric engineers and experts were not as plen- ers that in our next issue they will find not only
tiful then as now the plant was not a glittering a gist of the proceedings, but full reports from the
success, and after a short experiment it was dis- most interesting papers that are to be read.
continued and Faust was some $5000 out of pocket.
This was Heisler's first acquaintance with elec- The Incandescent Lamp Situation in
tric lights but he ,vas such an apt student that he St. Louis.
soon mastered the science and last year retired
from active business asa half-millionaire. Our" Local Hustler" took a run about town one
Electrical business Jay dormant till 1884 and then day this week to learn if there was anything new
started up with a boom that has been increasing regarding the incandescent lamp question. Calling
ever since till, at present writing, St. Louis can at the Columbia I.-amp Factory, it was found that
almost claim the title of the "Electric City." Its the manager, Mr. J. H. Rhotenhamel, was in Bos-
electric light and railway. systems are the wonder ton watching the outcome of the suit of the General
and admiration of all visitors. Electric Company against the Beacon Lamp Com-
The plant of the Municipal Electric Lighting & pany, of Boston, as the result of that suit will have
Power Co. has a 6000 arc light capacity of which a bearing on the course to be pursued by the
over 4000 are in actual lise and has besides 10,000 Columbia Company in the suit of the General
incandescent lights. The Municipal is said to Electric Company against them, which is set for
have the largest electric plant in the world. Mis- the latter part of tllis month.
souri Company has some 70,000 incandescent lights The Columbia Company are inclined to believe tl~;~-q{liii~s-of the case~itJld th'e moral rights of the
in use and claims to have the largest alternating that the Beacon Company are going to make a public in the matter. This paper will alone make
station in the world. The Laclede GaS-Light strong fight on the evidence produced by Henry the session of the association here historic.
Co's. plant at Mound street and Levee furnishes
10,000 incaudescent lights besides mauy more in al-
Goebel and others of New York City, to the effect
that the lamps as made by Goebel prior to the
---_1Il-~~. ----
leys and public bUildings north of Washington ave- Edison lamp do actually antieipate the Edison lamp The St. Louis Electric ClUb.
nue. The St. I,ouis Electrie Ligllting & Power Co. in all the essential features, and will render the The St. Louis Electric Club is to be congratu-
(Guernsey-Scudder) last year put up a plant that Edison lamp patents null ancl void, thereby giving lated on having passed the centenary mark in
furnishes 150 arc lights. The Laclede Power Co. an open field for the manufaeture of the incan- membership.
is one of the largest exclusively electric power descent lamp. .With over 100 members it became necessary to
eompallies in the world. Besides these large At the office of the American Lamp Factory, on enlarge their club rooms by the addition of
plants there are many private ones and others are Pine street, all the officers of the Company were another spacious apartment.
in course of completion. found "resting on their oars," as it were, quietly At this rate of increase a magnificent club house
St. Louis claims to have the best and largest awaiting further developments as to the fate of the looms up in the near future that will rival the
electric street railway plants in the eOl111try, prob- Beacon Company. home of the famous Calumet Club of Chicago.
ably her only rival being Boston. :For less than a The St. Louis Electric Club's preparations for
The Missouri Electric Light and Power Company, the reception of the National Electric Light Con-
deeade and a half's work this is pretty fair show-
of this city, one of the largest alternating incan- vention are nearly completed and are on a magni-
ing and an increase at same ratio dnring the next
descent lighting stations in the WOrld, and operat- ficent scale.
decade will certainly sustain her claim to the title
ing the Westinghouse apparatus, have shown by --_,_c~~---
of the "Electric City."
their good business foresigh t, and the precautionary
measures taken, that they did not intend to get left Painting by Machinery.
A New Telephone Company in St. Louis. by not being able to supply their many custom~rs Neatly all the trades have had to contend with
The Telephone and Telegraph Service Company with lamps. Realizing the disaster thafmight have labor-saving machinery. The cigarmakers and the
is the name of a new telephone company lately or- befallen them in the event of the Westinghouse printers have had to grapple with the question, and
ganized in this eity, and from present indications, Company being knocked out on the lamp suit, they now comes the painter's turn. A painting device
if current rumors can be relied on, it bids fair to quietly started in buying lamps before the" injllllc- or machine has been used, it is claimed, with great
. be a formidable rival and competitor of the Bell tions " were served on the numerous lamp factories success on the World's Fair buildings. It consists
Company, inasmneh as the new company propose, and laid in a stock of lamps sufficient for a two of a small air compresser operated by an electric
we understand, to make a reduction in price to years' run. "There are no fiies on the Missouri motor. Twelve parts of air to one of liquid paint
$60 per year, instead of $100 per year, the present Company," you bet. are drawn into the machine and discharged at a
figure for the Bell Company's service. It is given The Municipal Electric Light and Power Com- pressure of about twelve pounds in a steady stream.
out as the intention of the new company to place pany, of course, are right in line on the lamp ques- Tile paint is put on with a hose and is spread much
their wires underground, and as some of the same tion, for by reason of their close cOllJlection with more .evenly and economically than could possibly
parties who are interested in the new Telephone the :Fort Wayne Company and the Thompson- be done by hand. The machine will do the work
Company are also interested in the Conduit Com- Houston Company they will now be taken care of of several men.
pany, it is belived that the underground system by the General Electric Company and so have noth-
ing to fear, no matter what "turn the lamp suits may
---_._~. ----
will be carried out, as the Conduit Compauy have
already laid a number of miles· of conduit, it is take. Edison-Westinghouse Litigation~

apparent that in the event of the proposed "un- A call at the several electrical supply houses elic- [Special from Pittsburg, Pa.]
derground wire bill now being discussed at Jeffer- ited the information that although they did not The Westinghouse and Edison Electric Com-
son City becoming a law, the new Telephone com- have any large stocks of lamps on haud, yet tlley panies have again locked horns in the United States
pany would have a great advantage in being in were able to fill all orders thus. far without any in- District Court. The suit was entered by the Edison
shape to eomply with the law first, thereby greatly convenience whatever. Co. against their Pittsburg rival for alleged infring-
hellefitting themselves as well as the public, and So it would seem that there is no immediate dan- ment claiming that the new Westinghouse lamp is an
also conferring a great favor upon those of our ger that any of the people of St. I,ouis will be infringment of the Edison patent. The case is one
citizens whose msthetic tastes have so long been obliged to give up the use of the bright and cheer- that lllay take years to decide. In the mean time
shocked by the unsightly overhead wire system ful incandescent lamp on account of lamp suits here the Westinghouse Co. will continue to manufacture
now in use. or elsewhere. their new lamp.

". ~,
February.J THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. !J

unions i: would say, come down a peg. Do Pinkertonism• "Sparks" From Our "Live Wire."
not run away with the idea that your city or .The report of the Congressional Committee on The only fiuid that did not freeze during the late
the Homestead trouble has been presented to the cold snap-the '(electric fluid."
union is supreme. Only in unity is there
Senate. The committee found that even the pro-
strength. This does not mean a single city "Electric currents" ought to be awfnl good for
prietors of the detective agencies admitted that the
or state but the world, if possible. a cake-they would make it so "light," you know.
presence of the so-called Pinkertons at a strike,
Hoping to hear of good results in organ- served to unduly inflame the passions of the strikers No wonder that linemen are so cold-they are
and the employment of detectives in the guise of continually going to the"poles."
izing and furthering the electric trade I re-
mam till next issue. mechanics, was an utterly vicious system, responsi- "I felt as if I was full of needles," said the boy
ble for much of the ill-feeling and bad blood dis- who touched a live wire. It is "needless" to say
Fraternally yours, that he hlid good "grounds" for his remark.
played by the working class.
HENRY MILLER, The committee also expressed the opinion that if "Have you seen Mike?" said our office boy to
Grand President. firms and corporations would discontinue the em- the editor the other day. "Mike who?" asked the
Jersey City, N. T., Feb. 8, 1893. ployment of armed men on occasions of threatened editor as he quietly looked up from a paper. "Mike
or existing strikes, their interests would be better A," (mica) said the office boy, and he shot out of
~--~.----
~erved. The following conclusion was reached by the door before the cditor could press the button
The following 'unions .have the heartfelt thanks
the committee: of the "electrical paralyzer."
of the boys in New Haven for the prompt manner· 1. Hights of employers and workmen are equal.
in which they responded to their appeal for aid: 2. J~mployers have an undoubted right, provided
"You two are like commutator brushes," said
Spriggins to his danghter and her affianced the
No. :34 $ 27 50 they fulfill their agreements, to employ and dis-
miss men at pleasure. other night. "Why, papa?" she asked, looking up
" 44 .•••....••..•••••••••••.••••.•••••.. 10 00 3. Workmen can le~ally organize for mutual innoccntly. "Because you are always sparking,"
" 20 .. () 00 protection and improvement.
4. When dissatisfied with wages or hours they he said with a merry twinkle in his eyes.
" 31. . 12 50
3 should attempt to arbitrate. Linemen have a great deal of affection shown
l' 0 ••• 0 ••••••••••••••••••••• 5 00 5. Failing in this they have a right to discontinue
" 36 , . 22 95 work, either singly or in a body. them, for they have "arms" abont them even while
(( 32 ••.•••••••••.••••••••••••.•••••••• 6 36 6. Having discontinued, they have no right, le- at work. See?
" ]8 , . 12 50 gal or moral, by force or intimidation, to keep oth- .A dynamo and a farmer both produce "cur-
" 35 . 40 00 ers from taking their places, or to attempt to oc- rents," but not in the same kind of a "field."
cupy, injure or destroy the property of their em-
" 3/; ....••••••••••. 0 ]5 00 ployers.
••••••••••••••••••
"Clear the track," said an electric motorman, to
" If) . 10 00 7. In all controversies, arbitration having failed, a gripmau on a Broadway cable car one cold day
:, 43 .•... 0 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
10 00 reliance should be placed upon the power and ade- this winter. "I can't do it (condnit) you know;
5 . quacy of the law.
5 00 8. Whether assumedly legal or not, the employ- there's lots (slots) of trouble here, for I am froze
N. B. E. 'vV . 50 00 ment of armed bodies of men for private purposes, fast," said the gripman in reply.
either by employers or employes, should not be re-
Tutal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . $232 80 sorted to, and such use is an assumption of the "Out of sight"-someof the city are lamps dur-
State's authority by private citizens. ing the sleety weather we had a few nights ago.

PERSONAL.
9. States have undoubted authority to legislate
against the employment of armed bodies of men for ---_.. -~---

private purposes; but the power of Congress to so "DifficUlties are meant to rouse, not discour-
legislate is not clear, although it would seem that age."-Channing.
Henry Miller, G. P., i(at Jersey 8ity. Congress ought not to be powerless to prevent the
Wise men ne'er sit and wail their loss, but
P. J. :Fleming, 5th G. V. P., reports business movement of such bodies from one State to an-
other. cheerily seek how to redress their harms.-Sha7cs-.
good in the Northwest, and will take a trip to Sioux
In conclusion the committee says that its inves- peare.
City and organize a union there.
tigations have led it to conclude that the fault "That wrong is done us also,
F. J. Roth, 2nd G. V. P., has been to Omaha this is not wholly on one side; that middle ground
And they are slaves most base,
week in the interest of the B., and says that No. seems to be in the direction of arbitration. With-
Whose love of right is for themselves,
22 will be all right in the future. out making any recommendations, but pleading And not the human race. "-Tlazzin.
J~ittle John Dnnn, formerly of Cleveland, now of for arbitration, the committee closed its report as Statutes are mere mile-stones, telling how far
the United States, writes that the B. is booming in follows: "To that end we bespeak the co-opera-
yesterday's thought had traveled; and the talk of
his district, and that No. 21 will be the banner tion of all patriotic citizens, and your committee
the sidewalk to-day is the law of the land. With
union of the B. The boys can expect to be royally will welcome any legislation which will tend to
us law is nothing unless close behind it stands a
entertained when they meet in the Forest City next secure to the laboring man his every rights with-
warm, living public opinion.- Wendell Phillips.
November. out depriving his employer of his, for both are
Violence ever defeats its own ends. Where you
.John Allen, 6th V. P., reports business fairin his guaranteed by the constitution and laws of the
can not drive you can always persuade. .A gentle
distriet. No. 16 is steadily increasing in member- land. "
word, a kind look, a good-natured smile can work
ship.
wonders and accomplish miracles. There is a se-
P. F. Healy, 1st G. V. P., is a papa, but we are The Electrical Trades Union of Great cret pride in every human heart that revolts at
sorry to hear that the baby-a girl-is not expected Britain.
tyranny. -Ilazlitt.
to live.
It is an old saying that charity be~ins at home;
---,_.-~. ---- It may be news to many of;our readers to hear that
the electrical workers of Great Britain are organ- but this is no reason it should not go abroad; a
A Watch that Speaks. man should live with the world as a citizen of the
ized. The Eelctrical Trades Union has twenty-
It is said a watchmaker of Geneva, Switz- world; he may have a preference for the particular
eight branches and abont 2000 members. It is
erland, named Casimir Livau, has just com- quarter or square, or even alley, in which he·lives,
very much like the N. B. E. W. in its general
pleted a watch which, instead of striking the but he should have a generous feeling for the wel-
makeup. The different branches into which the
hours and quarters, announces them by fare of the whole.-Gwnbel·land.
electrical trade is divided run about the same as
speaking like the phonograph. The mech-
here, although some 0 [ the names seem a little ---~~-~--
anism of the watch is based on phono-
odd to us. In a recent letter the General Secre- Mrs. Mary Hanlon, widow of John F. Hanlon, a
graphic conditions, the bottom of the case
tary says: '''1 am anxious to open correspond- lineman formerly in the employ of the Bell T{,~e­
containing a photographic sensitive plate
ence with the General Secretary of the electrical. phone Co., who was killed Jan. 2, 1891, on a pole
which has received the impression of the
trades in America. I think it is:our duty to link our on Olive St., by coming in contact with a municipal
human voice before being inserted in the
organizations together for mutual aid and protec- electric-light wire, has been awarded $560 damages
watch.
against the Municipal Co. This is the first judg-
The disk has forty-eight concentric tion. Therefore J want to apprise my fellow-work-
grooves, of which twelve repeat the hours, ers in America with the progress we are making, ment of the kinfl rendered in the St. Louis Circuit
twelve those of the hours and quarters, and and in return to be kept informed of the progress of Court.
tvvelve more those of the hours and sec- our cousins across the sea." A. J. Walker, J9
ond and third quarters. If the hand on the Claude Hood, Peckham Se., is General Secretary, Death Claims Approved and Paid.
dial shows the time to be 12: 15 o'clock, one and Thos. Cannon, Pullen Buildings, Benton Place Paul Patrick of No.1, St. Louis; A. C. Berry of
of the fine needle-points of the mechanism Se., is General President. No.1, St. Louis; Mrs. Elizabeth Battley, wife of
crosses the corresponding groove and the ---
--~'O-OOO" _~.--+,
William Battley of No. 10, Indianapolis; J. Heyer
disk, which turns simultaneously, calls out • The first commercial electric lighting plant in- of No.4, New Orleans.
the time, just as the phonographic cylinder.. stalled by the Edison Company and put in operation CLAIMS REJECTED.
The lower lid of the case is provided with a in the hands of outside .parties, was on board the J. H. O'Malley of No. 24, Minneapoiis. (Not a
tinv mouthpiece, and when the watch is held steamer Columbia. The plant was started on the member for the length of time required by the con-
to the ear the sound is all the more plain. night of. May 2, 1880. stitution. )
10 THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. [February.

CORRESPONDENCE. TOLEDO,O.
TOJ~EDo, 0., Feb. 6, 1893.
EVANSVILLJ~, IND.
EVANSVII~Ll', IND.,Feb. 7th,18\)3.
It gives me the greatest pleasure to act as cor-· Local Union No. 12 was called to order by Presi-
[The Press Secretary, thougl1 an officer of the respondent of the ELECTRICAJ~ WORKER, and dent R. Wright. Minutes of last meeting read and
Local Union, is really a resident correspondent of though I am unable to contribnte electrical sub- approved. Treasurer E. S. Masters reported
the ELI~CTHIC WORKEH, and should keep his paper jects polished in fine rhetorical language, yet I amount on band for month of January and it was
thoroughly posted on all matters pertaining to the shall give all current events and items that may be referred to the trustees, 'V. H. Ernst and Law-
electrical industry in the vicinity he represents. of interest to the craft and general public, in plain rence Biggs. The committee on entertainment
New plants, extension of old ones., new electrIC English. As a paper the E. W. should and will re- made a report and the union will give their ball at
roads, state of trade, new ideas, electrical novelties ceive the cheerful support of every member of the Evens' hall April 6th. The member selling the
and accidents are a few of the topics to report Oil. Brotherhood. Through its columns we can help most tickets will be awarded a handsome pair of
Please notice that the millutes of the meetings are and educate one auother and make it a medium to nickel-plated spurs, plyers and connecters. Com-
Ilot required, except the report of new officers, alld express our views on all electrical SUbjects, which mittee appointed to wait on the different compa-
such matter as may be of gelleral illterest to all we have learned by hard and dangerous experience nies in regard to wages reported that they would
mcmbers. ] and which enables us to excel that know-it-all- receive an answer I1S soon as possible. The tele-
electj'ician, the college bTed the07·ist. phone refused to pay union wages and the boys
Danger of Line Work. The E. W. may feel assured of the cheerful sup- walked out.
.port of No. S, and its officers and members give Brother Harvey, on the sick list-for the past two
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Jfebruary 7, 1893.
sincere thanks .to the editor for the ellergy in put- months, is reported mending slowly.
EDITOlt E.LEcTmCAJ~ W omum: ting the paper before the public. Brethren of our Local Union unite with me in
There are but few who realize the dangerous No. Sis moving along uudervery adverse circum- wishing the ELECTmCAJ~ WORKlm a phenomenal
positioll of a linemall while at work Oil wires of stances, as we have lately had lots of trouble with success. Fraternally,
high voltage. He climbs poles carrying a perfect . the electric compauies. W. n. EHNST,
net-work of wires, kuowing tl1at if he comes ill Toledo, as our reports to the national conven- l'ress Secretary.
contact with any of them the result will be almost tion showed, received the lowest wages of any
certain death, either from the current or the sudden Local ill the Brotherhood. On the lOth of De- CLEVELAND, OHIO.
stop at the foot of the pole, or both. There are ill cember last we adopted a scale of wages and pre- GLEVEJ~AND, OHIO, Febr\Iary 5, lSfJ3.
St. Louis, alld probably ill all cities, lillemell who sented it to the companies. To thh, they paid no Yesterday I received eight copies of the first .issue
have had a little experiellce with a groullded wire attention and indignantly refused to recognize us as .of the EI~ECTRlCAL WORKIm-sevenof which I dis-
or a short circuit of high voltage, but the great a Union, with the exception of the American Dis- tributed to those most interested, as I suppose was
majority of lillt'Hnell who come in contact with such trict Company, who promptly signed the scale. your intention in sending them. It would be folly
wires are, let us hope, singing with the angels or Chagrilled with our treatment by the companies or vanity, or both, for me to say anything in its
climbing golden poles whell the venal coroner's alld the wages we were receiving, we left their em- praise. It speaks for itself in stronger language
jury decides death by accident and exonerates the ploy. This action caused the city to be left. in than my limited knowledge of words can command.
company. darkness for about ten nights, when they were That it is far above Illy expectation sutl:1ces me.
There is great difference of opillion as to what enabled to, hire thirty-five electrical scabs- But looking a little into its future, I cannot refraiu
an electric shock feels like. Some S'ly that the San Francisco furnishing four of them. With the from making a prediction that it will pave the way
revolutions of the armature of the dynamo can bc aid of the mercenary force from Chicago, they suc- alld make the rough places smooth for many au
distinctly felt through the system; others. say the ceeded ill·startillg their plallts; but the service is so organizer. Through it ,yorkmen of our cmft who
surroundings look as green as the placid waters of poor that the citizens and press are raising such a are not yet with us will see that the Brotherhood
the ocean. howl that they lUay be obliged to come to time. is not a dream, a passing shadow nor a local elltcr-
St. Louis is ulldoubtedly the most dangerous city But even if they do not, their contracts will run out
in a few months and the city illtends putting in prise, but that it is an orgallization founded on
in the United States for a lilleman to work ill. The
its OWIl plant, so we will yet come out on top. principles beneficial to the working class in general
list of fatalities is a long one. Let us hope that Fraternally, and the electrical worker in particular; that its
each member of the Brotherhood will do his work OWI,N E. McMAHON, illfant days are past and now it is full of youthful
in such a manner that no blame will rest on him Press Secretary.
vigor, with at least a few jewels of victories won,
whell the Ilext accidellt occurs. The members
INDIANAPOLIS, IND. that proves its usefnhIess beyond a doubt. With
should also see that they keep their dues pa id up so
. INDIANAPOLIS, IND., February 1st, 1893. the Brotherhood in the good working condition it is
that they and their families will be entitled to all
Local Union No. 10 met in their hall, S3X; South alld the help of the great paver (the joumal), this
the bencfits of the Brotherhood should an accidcnt
Illinois street, Mouday evening, .January 30. Meet- new year of 1893 will be kuown as the year of the
occur, which is liable at any moment. first boom in the history of our organization.
.A LINJ'~IAN.
ing opened by President French. All ofticers ]!'raternally,
present with a good attendance of ·members. Offi- A. 1\1. RYAN.
cers reports referred to a committee. One candi-
MILWAUKEE, WIS.
date was initiated with the usual ceremonies. One Detroit, Michigan.
MILWAUKEI" WIS., Jfebruary 5,1893. trustee and two delegates to C. J". Union were We COllgratulate the ELI,CTlUCAL 'YoIUum on its
Special Correspondence.
elected. Brother Otis Porter was reported sick appearance and general make-up. The first muu-
No.2 is getting aloug very nicely in a quiet way.
and Brother Williams is still laid up for repairs. bel' is very creditable to its editor-in-chief, and,
Although not as large a union as many I see in the
Considering the weather there is an unusual should result in much benefit to the N. B. of E. W.
journal, still I am proud to say it is made up of a
amount of electric work being done here. The IIl- May it go on in the line ill which it has cOlllmenced
fiue body of men, and we have made a grand suc-
dianapolis Light and Power Company are contem- and educate our men in their work until many of
cess of everything we have taken in han(1.
plating laying something over seventeen miles of the mysteries of the business will becdme known to
We held a prize masked ball on the 7th of Jan-
undergrouud cable, both incandescent and arc. countless thousands.
Utuf aud the 600 or 700 that visited our hall en-
Considerable incandescent work is now goiug on Treasurer Byrne, of Local Union No. 17, has been
joyed themselves thoroughly and it was quite a
here, the principal part of which is done by the appoint~d chief operator of this point by t~e Long
finaneial success.
Hoosier Electric Company of this city. There is· Distallce Telephone Compally, upon recommend a-
:;~ No.2 is proud of her. number alld will do allin tioll from the Bell Company, with whom he was for
also some outside company here making quite ex-
her power to advance the Brotherhood. We ha,e SOIlle years.
tensive chang"s in the Deaf and Dumb Asylum
adopted a sick benefit and bave our own lodge Recentlv about thirty armature winders of the
plant.. There is no demand here for workmen, but
doctor. We have bad several cases of sickness last Detroit Electrical Works· made a demand for in-
those that are here seem to be kept busy. creased pay, and, probably fearing a strike, the
year and paid out considerable for sick benefits,
As you have probably heard, we made a demand company "ranted the demands before the movement
but are in a flourishing condition. We held a went too t'tr to cause any trouble. This company
to the Legislature tbrough the Central J~abor
meeting on the 1st inst. and initiated six new mem- employs about 350 hands and is busily engagcd at
Union and their legislative committee for a state present in fitting out many of the Detroit Citizens'
bers-all good men.
wire iuspector, but I guess some of our lawmakers Street Railway lines with electricity.
Oil account of moving to our new hall we had to
have quite forgotten some of their last campaign Comptroller·Black is advertising for bids for city
change our meeting night to the first and third
speeches. One of our State representatives even li<Yhtillg from July 1st, next. At the same timc
Wednesdays of each month. .Ye are now located 'MOayorPingree is getting data as to cost of lighting
wanted to make it a law that it be a misclcmeauor
at Heim's hall, 526 Chestnut, and have very com- to discharge aworkmau becnuse he· was not a in cities where they OWIl their own plant. A bill
fortable quarters. union man. They should and will be remembered has been introduced at Lansing authorizing the city
No.2 is jubilant over the. grand success the at next election. to own and operate its own plant. Some idea why
Our meetings are on the first and third Monday the electric lighting companies oppose such meas-
brotherhood has made in general and hope the ure may be had when it is stated that the company
evenings of each month. Visiting members al-.
good work will continue. ways welcome. Brothers of our Local unite with at present doing the lighting l'eceives $11.33 per
Fraternally, me in wishing the ELECTRICAL 'YORKER much suc- month for each arc lamp, of which they have about
cess, Fraternally yonrs, 1300 in use on their contract. A three years' con-
:F.W. S~1l1'l[, tract therefore represents considerable money.
D. A. GREENWOOD,
Recording Secretary. Press Secretary. REX.
February.] THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. 11

KANSAS CITY, MO., Hecording secretary, Wm. Dooley (formerly ALBANY, N. Y.


press secretary), whose capacity for mashing is
Union No. 18. February 17, 1892.
unlimited, finds a little time occasionally to .pay his In the Social Swim~The First Ball a
Editor EI"I~CTHICAL WOHKER. respects to the Brotherhood, Grand Success
We had a discussion on the sUbject of payment Inspector, Nat. Osborn, is a regnlar attendant at Bleeker Hall was the scene of an exceedingly
of dues, and wou1cllike to have it answered through our meetings. Onr treasurer, .John Dawson, is a pleasant event last evening, the occasion .being the
the ELECTRICAL WOHKER. The by-laws of our solid, sensible man, always ready and generous to a first grand annual ball of the Local Union No. 35, of
local reads: "The monthly dues shall be fifty cents, degree. the National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers of
payable monthly, in advance." It further states: Our trustees: .Jobn Trumbull is extremely de- America. Delegations from adjacent cities were
" Any member two months in arrears shall stand lighted over an incident which occurred on January present and the ball room was :crowded to its ut-
suspended." Now, the question came up: If a 23d,·in the forlll of a ten-pound boy. Thos. Sweeney, most capacity. The dancing opened with a grand
member failed to pay dues in January, and did not who will not have anyone interfere with his rights march in which over one hundred couples partici-
pay on the first meeting night in February, would as a trustee, and last, bnt not least, is Clayton Ford, pated, and was led by Miss S. Hemalds and Mr. O.
he staud suspended, according to our by-laws, an old-timer, who knows his business thoroughly. F. Dooney of Troy. The dancing order contained
simply because it slates the time to pay, which is At a meeting held on lfriday evening, ]'ebruar.v thirty-four numbers, aud it is needless to say that
iu advance on the first of each month. I decided 3d, at Kelly's Hall, one candidate was initiated and sociability reigned throughout. The officers of the
that he would be suspended on the first meeting a lengthy address was delivered by our eloquent Union are: M. J. Cellery, President; J. A. Carle-
-night in February. Others thought that the mem- Grand Vice-President Peter F. Healy, on the good ton, Vice-President; O. F. Dooney, Financial Sec-
ber would not be suspended until the first of effects acquired by the sobriety of all brothers. retary; J. Wiltse, Recording Secretary and W. R.
March, making the time 60 days. . He also drew up a set of by-laws, which were unan- Carr, Treasurer.
The members of the brotherhood should feel imouslyadopted. The fioor committee consisted of O. F. Dooney
proud of theELECTlllCAL WOHKER, ~nd I hope all Business is at a standstill here, lthere being five of Troy, chief, and M. J. Cellery, assistant chief.
locals will try and sustain it by paying all assess- brothers idle., but they will keep away from New The fioor directors were;: Geo. A. Allen of Troy,
ments promptly, so that the publishers may never Haven. I remain, Fraternally yours, George J. Phillips, S. W. Williams, H. J. McChes-
be embarrassed on account of funds to carryon If. J. ANDlmsoN, ney, Charles Snyder of Troy, Thomas Frazier, D.
the good work. Press Secretary. A. Laprette, W. H. Carr, C. H. Pearl and J. J.
J. J. J. O'Brien. •
[Answer. The members of Union No. 18 clln
Union No. 33, Newark, N. J. ALBANY, N. Yo
probably decide best the meaning of their by-laws. The first annual ball of the National Brother- ALBANY, N. Y., February 6, 1893..
This matter is covered by Art. X Sec. 1 of the na- hood Electrical Workers Local Union No. 33, Everything pertaining to No. 38 is looking well.
tional constitution, which reads: "Any member which was held in Casino hall on ]'riday, Jailuary Grand President Miller was here last month and
indebted to his L. U. or the B. for any sum equal 20th, was a success in every respect. made a fine address that was well appreciated by
to two months' dues shall be considered in arrears, The music was furnished by Prof. Nichols. all members of the Union.
* * * and when in arreaN to the amount of ]'1001' Manager I. G. Dunn and Miss Brittan led A.t our last meeting the following officers were
four months' dues shall be suspended;" As this the march. They were followed by Charles Kum- elected for the ensuing Jear: M. J. Cellery, presi-
includes dues, fiDes, lIud assessments, lind if the mel and Miss Kittie Price. John W'orkman and dent; i. A. Carleton, vice-president; O. F. Doo-
regular monthly dues are fifty cents, he would be Miss Maggie Boyle and about sixty other couples. ney, financial secretary; .J. Wiltsic, recording sec-
suspended when he owed $2.00, whether it was one Large delegations of eleetrical workers from retary; 'V. R. Carr, treasurer; C. F. Hammond,
month or four Illouths.-ED.] New York, Jersey City and Brooklyn unions wen~ press secretary. Trnstees-G. A. Allen and W. J.
Foley, Troy, and J. J. Denn. Albany.
present.
Our ball pauned out a great success financially
The committee in charge were: and enjoyably. .
WASHINGTON, D. C. Arrangements-'Vm. Titus, 'Vm. Whitehouse, Fraternally,
J. Havey, ·WiIl Hosseter, VY. Grogan, A. C. Peters, C. S. HAMMOND,
Hegular ll1eetiDg called to order by President Press Secretary.
Wm. Teed, J. Connors, W. Clancy, W. J. Curtiss. -----
Metzel, ably assisted by Bro. James Gorman, as
Reception-.J. H. Horter, L. :l!'. Van Orden, P. CHICAGO.
Vice-President. Minutes of previous meeting read
Logan, Tip Lewis, J. Durkin, Geo. McVey, G. lrEBUUARY 10, 1893.
and approved. Brothers Malone, Metzel, Gilbert,
Starbird, J. Reid, F. Wustlich, E. Jockas, G. Trade is fail' in this city considering the season
I.each and Deffer were elected delegates to the Fed-
Kern. of the year. The Orne, the Cornish, and the
eration of Labor. On motion, it was agreed that a
We are very sorry to state that two of our World's Fail' Construction Companies are hiriug
Standing Committee of three be appointed to arbi-
brothers are laid up for repairs. about all the men they can get, and there is a
trate with employers in case of trouble. The Fi-
uancial Secretary tendered his resignation on ac- On January 27th George McVey, a lineman and del'naud for Union inside wiremen.
brother employed by the N.Y. & N. J. Tel. Co., had I notice in last issue that Bro. Dillman of No.
count of working at nights, and therefore being un-
his ankle broken while running new lines throngh 3<1 comments on the length of term of office; I
able to attend the meetings. Ou motion, the resig-
Elizabethport. The accident was caused by the heartily agree with him that a six month'sterm is
nation was accepted and a candidate was nomin-
ated in the person of Bro. P. A. Deffer, who was pole he was working on breaking off and throwing not long enough as it takes nearly that time to get
him heavily to the gronnd. thoronghly.posted on the duties of the office. <l1 is
elccted unanimonsly, and was installed by President
Metzel. The Telephone company have taken no action in progressing rapidly and has raised the initiation
Irratel'l1ally, the matter as yet. fee to five dollars.
The uuion appointed a committee to investigate A large number of cars, intended for the intra-
W. W. GILBERT,
Brother McVey's case, with power to draw on the mural elevated road, have arrived at Jackson park
Press Sec. treasury for necessary funds. and are stored in the southwest corner of the
Brothel' Charles Borden, while trimming, dur~ grounds. They are odd-looking vehicles, much
.mUSEY CITY, N. ;J. ing the recent cold weather, had several of his unlike those generally used on surface railroads.
fingers very badly frozen and it was fonnd neces- The cars come from the works of Jackson & Sharp,
LOCAL UNION No. 31, OJ!' JlmSEY CITY,
sary to ampntate one of them. But as Brother vYilmington, Del., and are 50 feet long, 8 feet wide,
Irebruary 6th, 1893. Bardon is a hustler we expect to see him around and built to accomlllodate ninety-eight passengers.
MIL J .. T. KI~U~Y, again in It very short time. The seats are !irrmi.ged as in snmmer cars, across
DEAR SUC-THE ELECTRICAL 'VORKln: was re- Of all onr members the prominent features of the width. Each car has seven doors _on either
ceived ami higbly appreciated by the boys, lmd, as Brotber Lewis are to be noticed first of all, "as he side and a colored canvas curtain rUIlIling in a
we have a paper of our own now, thereis no excuse is a jolly good fellow" and as a singer has few continuous line from end to end. They are haud-
for 110t in:[orming you of the movements of I.ocal equals. somely decorated and each bears in letters of gold
Union No.. 31. The progress of I.ocal Union No. 33. has been the single word, "Intramural." One lever only
bin Union cousists of sixty members, of whom very satisfactory and we are continually adding is used to open all the doors, which slide back
Thomas ·Watson, our president, is an able and un- new lights to our maiu circuit. iustead of turning on a hinge.
tiring worker for the cause, always willing to assist The brothers are well pleased with the EljIGC- The cars will be operated by electric motors aud
a brother in distress. Thomas L. Jones, vice-pres~ THIeAI" 'VoRlmn and wish it a graud success. each train of four cars will have about 300 horse
ident, is a man who when he rises, talks, knows WlI"L RossETlm, power. The CUlTel)t will be supplied by a wire
what he is talking about, and, with the ass.istance Press Secretary. placed between· the rails. The brake which is a
of his raven black whiskers, can commaud the ----- modern air pattern, is supplied by a COmbination
attention of· even that terrible kicker, Brother ROCHI,sTlm, N. Y.-Hochesterwasvisited with a motor and pump carried in the cab with the
·Wichman. very heavy sleet storm and at some points there engineer. Tbe road when fully equipped will be
was thirty miles of wires down. This caused so capable of carrying 8,000 pel' hour each way.
Financial secretary, John Speicher, is a quiet,
much extra work that onr correspondent from this Jackson park will be. a blaze of light when tha
unassumiug gentleman, ever ready to accept dues.
place is excusable for uotsending his usual letter. fair is opened at night, the arrangemeuts for
12 THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. [February.

lighting both grounds' and buildings being very DIRECTORY OF LOCAL UNIONS. Secretary, 128 Huron st.; J. J. Carr, Financial Sec-
comprehensive and complete. But there will be no retary, 159.>6 Root st.
unsigh~ly and dange'rous poles and wires. Under- No. 17, Detroit, Mich.-Meets every Mon-
neath the surface of the park and connecting' six day at Hoffman's Hall, cor. Congress and Randolph
of the great buildings is an underground passage, sts. W. C. Shuart, President; 1. B. Miller,
Recording Secretary, 71 Henry st.; E. J. Lane,
through which during the exposition will go the Financial Secretary, 705 15th st.
electric power which is to drive all the machinery
No. 18, Kansas Cit-y, Mo.-Meets every
and furnish all the lights outside of machinery Friday evening at Industrial Holl, cor. Eleventh and
hall. Telegraph, tclephone, arid fire and police Main sts. J. J. Jones, President; C. H. Adams,
wires will also follow this passage. This subway Recording Secretary, 215 W. Fourteenth st.; J. C.
starts from near the center of machiney hall Tanpert, lfinancial Secretary, M. & K. Tele.Co.,
Sixth and Delaware sts.
annex, runs east 825 feet, and, turning, passes to the
east of the administration building to the south No. 19, Pittsbur2", Pa.-H. Hart, Presi-
dent; W. J. Condon, 4 Mansion st.
end of the electricity building. For this distance
No. 20, New Haven, Conn.-B. A. Kaiser,
i.t is a double conduit, separated by a substantial President; D. C. Wilson, 157 St. John st. Record-
partition. Each si.de is 8 feet 4 inches square. ing Secretary; J. Carter, Financial Secretary, 270
The right conduit contains wires leading to the Hamilton st.
manufactures, government, and fisheries buildings; No. 21, Wheeling, W. Va.-J. Allen,
the left subway conveys wires to the mining and President, Box HI; H. T. Wyse, Recording Sec-
retary, Hotel Wilhelm; J. F. Bonnett, Financial
electricity buildings. At the' south end of the (Secretaries will please furnish the necessary Informa- Secretary, 2623 Jacob st.
electricity building the two branches turn east tion to make this directory complete. Note that the time
and place of meeting, the name of the President. the No. 22, Omaha, Nf'lb.-Meets at Arcanium
and west, the west braneh running to a point names and address of the Recording and Financial Secre- Hall, 1314 Douglas st. J. J. Dooley, President,
opppsite the southeast corner of the tary are required.)"j 1405 Jackson st. .
mining building and runs north under the floor. No. 23, St. Paul, Minn.-Joe MacaUley,
The east branch strikes the canal at the bridge, President; Robert Knowlton, Recording Secretary,
No.1, St. Louis. Mo.-Meets every Tuesday Capital Blk., room 25; F. A. Zimmerman, 66 Doug-
where it stops short. It is taken up on the other evening at 305;.1,fr Olive st. D. Lafferty, President;, lass st., Financial Secretary.
side, ho\vever, and runs to the southwest corner M. A.:Walsh, Recording Secretary, 315 Chestnnt
st.; .John Hisserick, Financial Secretary, 315 Chest- No. 24, Minneapolis, Minn.-P. J. Flem-
of the manufacturers' building. Here it turns north nut st. in~, President; W. Allen, 822 Eighth ave., S., Re-
and runs the full length of the great structure cording Secretary; R. V. Sheldon, Financial Sec-
Nn. 2, Milwaukee, Wis.-Meets 1st and retary, 1718 Wash ave. N.
close to the west wall. Here it turns east to the 3d Wednesdav at 526 Chestnnt st. W. Den-
center of the building, and again turns north ning, President; F. W. S'mith, Recording Secre- No. 25, Duluth, Minn.-S. J. Kennedy,
President; Phil. _Bellivere, Recording Secretary,
through the center of the government building tary, 377 Fifth st; E. Talbott, Financial Sec- Wieland Blk.; C. C. Miles, 28 Seventh ave., west.,
until it .strikes thc canal at the bridge. On the n,tary, care of 377 Fifth street. Financial Secretary.
other bank the last section begins, terminating No.3, New York, N. Y. - Meets every No. 26, Washin2"ton, D. C.-Meets every
under the south end of the fisheries building. Thnrsday evening at Clarendon Hall, 114 E. Thir- Friday evening at K. of P. Hall, 425 Twelfth st.,
teenth st. Second and fourth Thursdays are de- Nw.; R. F. Metze], President; W. W. Gilbert,
The total length is 5,622 feet, of which 1,822 voted to lectures and instructions on practical elec- Recording Secretary, 941 Maryland ave. Sw.; P.
feet is a double subway. Entcring the passage- trical subjects. John P. McMahon, Pres.; Lester A. Deffer, Financial Secretary, 941 Maryland ave.
way under the floor of machincry hall allllex, the C. Hamlin, 1~. S.,5-12 East 17th st.; E. D. Leay- Sw.
visitor finds plenty of light from the glowing craft, F. S., 283 Flatbush ave., Brooklyn.
No. 27, Baltimore, IUd.-Meets --.;'"
incandescent burners which workmen are using No.4, New Odeans, La.-Meets 2nd and Fred Rnssell, President, 1408 Asquith st.; Wm.
while stringing the wires. Long rows of cross 4th Wednesday at Odd Fellows' Hall. Wm. Moake, Manning, Recording Secretary, 1026 N. Front st.;,
President; J. C. Bradley, Recording Secretary, J. W. E,baugh, Financial Secretary, 107 N. Gay st.
arms are fixed on ceilings and walls, upon which Napoleon and Custom Honse sts.; J.J Vives, No. 28, Philadelphia, Pa.-Meets - - .
arc fixed the glass insulators for wircs. The Fin. Sec" 173 S. Basin st. J. W. Fitzpatrick, President; H. B. Frazer, Record-
arrangcment will accommodate 240 wires on each No. ' 5, Nashville, Tenn.-A. H. Praugne, ing Secretary, 1425 Vi.ne st.; Thos. Flynn, Finan-
side and 480 wires in each subway. In addition to President; J. C. Bender, Recording Secretary, 817 cial Secretary, 1116 Jackson st.
these all the telegraph, telcphonc, and firc-alarm N. Market st.; E, W. Morrison, Financial Sec- No. 29. Wilmington, Df'l.-M. H. Han-
wires will he arranged along the floors. Manholes retary, 308 N. Summer st, nigan, Pr,esident; Elwood A. Tazewell, Financial
No.6, Memphis, Tenn.-E. J. Gray, Secre- Secretary, 609 Freuch st.
at frequeut intervals insure ventilation. Work-
tary, 20 Goslee st. No. 30, Trenton, N. J.-Wm. Walton,
men are now busy strin~ing the wires, which vary President; Ed. G. Sarides, Recording Secretary;
from big lead-covered cables to a single insulated No.7, Springfield, Mass.-W. J. Condon, Thos. Connry, Financial Secretary.
President, American Hotel; J. F. Hoyt, Recording
wire. All these wires start from machinery hall, Secretary, American Hotel; F. Hyatt, Financial No. 31, Jersey City, N. J.-1'hos. Watson,
where the great electric plant will be stored. The Secretary, American Hotel. President; Wm. Dooley, Recording Secretary,
wires will cross the two bridges at the canal in au No.8, Toledo, O.-Meets every 2nd and 4th 417 W. Side ave.; John Speicher, Financial Sec-
Thursday at MUlcahy's Hall, cor. Monroe and Erie retary, 105 Newark ave.
ingenious manuel'. :From the last cross arms in
the tunnel they will spread in fan shape to four sts. James Carney, President; Michael Connors, No. 32, Paterson, N. J.-E. J. Clancey,
Recording Secretary, 213 Everett st.; T. H. Nevitt, President; Frank .Areson, Recording Secretary,
sections of cross arms under the bridge floors. Financial Secretary, 1007 Bartlett st. 2i4 Godwin st.; T, M. McAndrews, Financial
Ifrom the insulators' at each end the wires will No. 9, Chica~o, TlI.-Meets every Saturday Secretary, 64 Railroad ave.
cross just under the joists and pass in a reverse at Plasterers' Hall, 192 E. Washington st. G. W. No. 33, Newark, N. J.-Meets every Mon-
manner again into the subways. The arc-light E-1ison, Pl'esident; Gus Saners, Recording Secre- day evening at No. 58 Williams st.; Thos. Leahey,
machines to be used include twenty standard tary, 105 Dearborn ave. ; J. H. Caffs, lfinancial Sec- President; J. S. Stiff, Financial Secretary, 38 Elm
retary, 206 31st st. st,; W. vVhitehouse, Recording Secretary, 117
machines, sixteen Brush machines, fourteen Fort Qnitman st.
No. 10, Indianapolis, Ind.-Meets every
vVayne machines, and ten "\11{ estern Electric other Monday at 33,).6 S. Illinois st. Sam'l B. No. 34, Brooklyn, N. Y.-T. J. Holihan,
machines. The power generators are thirteen in French,'President;L. E. Jones, Recording Sec- President; R. White. Recording Secretary; L. W.
number. Incandescent nsed throughout the park retarY,95 N. Meridian st.; C. W. Neal, Financial Dillman, Financial Secretary, Pt. Richmond S. 1.
will be furnished by the Westinghouse machines, Secretary, 199 W. Maryland st. No. 35,lloston, Mass.-Wm. M. Lannan,
of which ten will be used. The various dynamos No. 11, Terre Hautp., Ind.-Meets every President; T. M. Gimes, Recording Secretary,
2nd and 4th Tuesday at Washington Hall, cor. 897 Washington st.; T. R. Melville, Financial
vary in size from the smaller machines to the great Eighth and Main sts. John Davis, President; Secretary, 9il'Pearl st., Charlestown, Mass.
incandescent dynamo of 10,000-light power. Harry Bledsoe, Recording SEreretary; Wm. C. No. 36. New York, N. Y.-Meets weekly at
P. 1-,. R. Bledsoe, Financial Secretary, 42-1 S. Thirteenth st. Ledwith Hall, lforty-fifth st. and Third ave.; J. E.
No. 12, Evansville, Ind.-Meets every McGinty, President; J>. L. Hall, Recording Sec-
A High Tension Transmission of Power Tuesday evening at Hahn's Hall, High st. R. retary, II7 Leonard st.; John J. McDounell,
Wright, President; Harry Fisher, Recording Sec- Financial Secretary, 1632 Madison ave.
, Plant. retary, 202 Clark st.; L. E. Wilke, Financial Sec- No. 37, Hartford. Conn.-Morris Cava-
A contract has just been made in Switzer- retary, box 266. na~h, President; P. T. Neville, Recording Secre-
land for an installation in which 365 horse No. 13, Cincinnati, O.-Meets every Mon- tary; Geo. Dugan, :Financial Secretary, Elec.
day at Germania Hall, Vine st. J. C. Williams, I-,ight & Power Co.
power is to be transmitted to a distance of President; J. B, Walker, Recording Secretary,
131 W. Ninth st.; C. S. Kuntz, Financial Sec- No. 38, Albany, N. Y.-Meets the 1st and
about seventeen miles, with a guaranteed ef- .3rd Thursday of each month. M. J. Cellery,
retary, 196 Court st.
ficiency of 70 per' cent, by means of a direct President; John M. Wiltse,Recording Secretary,
No. 14, Brid2"eport, Conn.-C. If. Callahan, 22 Third st., E. Albany; Owen Dooney, Financial
current. The generator is to be driven by President, 173 Fairfield ave.; Ed Fagan, .Jr., Re- Secretary, 4 Rensaella st., Troy.
cording Secretary, 78 Gregory, st.; W. O. Kellogg,
two turbines coapled direct to two Thury dy- Financial Secretary, 160 Cannon ave. No. 39, Grand Rapids, Micll.-J. R.
namos by means of an elastic coupling, the Watson, President; L. L. Henry, Recording Sec-
No. 15, Worcester, MaRs.-Chas. Cum- retary, 97 Ottawa st.; Geo. Dierdorf, Financial
speed being 275 revolutions. The voltage is ming, Recording Secretary, 393 Main st. Secretary, 723 Fifth ave.
to be 3400. Presumably the two dynamos No. 16, Cleveland, O.-Meets every Friday No. 40, St. Josf'ph, Mo.-Meets every
night at Halle Bros. Hall, 356 Ontario st. J. J. Satnrdayat Weidmeier & Wildburger's Hall, 623
are to be coupled in series. Jennings, PreSident; M. A.. Plovere, Recording Messanie st.; M. L. Durkin, President; Martin
.~- .. ~ .. -_._-_._---_.,.
FEB 1013
February.] THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. 13

Keran, Recording Secretary, 220 N. Thirteenth 20. Claims for benefit must be filled out in every 490,746, Jacob S. GibbS, assignor to Perkins Elec-
st.; Wm.· Dorsel, Financial Secretary, 1708 Cal- particular, and the lawJin regard to thelrpre- tric Switch and Manufacturing Company, Hart-
houn st. sentation rigidly complied with. ford, Conn.
No. 41, Cllicago, IlI.-Meets everyWednes- 22. No claims will be allowed unless the member
day at 116 Fifth ave. C. J. Edstrands, President; 490,755, Connector for electrical conductors, George
Chas. Osberg, Recording Secretary, 234 Townsend is square on the books. Our beneficial· sys- ~. Russell, Middletown; Conn.; assignor to
st.; Wm. Meecham, Financial Secretary, Craw- tem would cease to be an incentive for prompt Schuyler Electric Company of Conn.
ford, Cook Co. payment of dues were this law not enforced.
No.42, Utica, N. Y.-W.B. McCoy, Presi- 490,953, Generating electricity, Thomas A. Edison,
22. Remittance of dues is not allowed under our
dent; E. F. Allen, Recording Secretary, 7 Spring Llewellyn Park, N. J.
st.; G. P. Owens, Financial Secretary, cor. Per- Constitution. The amount of the dues must
be deducted from the Sick benefit paid by the 490,753, Secondary battery electrode, Harry G. Os-
kins ave. and Jewett st. burn, Chicago, Ill. .
No. 43, Syracuse, N. Y.-Jas. Tyrell, Presi- Local. A member entitled to benefits can not
dent; A. D .. Donovan, Recording Secretary, 305 get in arrears while receiving benefits. Mem- 490,841, Electroplating alluminum, George Wegner,
Temple st.; Chas. Beattie, Financial Secretary, bers, by contribution, can keep the dues of a Berlin, Germany.
217 N. Crouse ave.
sick or unfortunate brother, not entitled to 490,8,l0, Composition for soldering aluminum,
No. 44. Rocllester,N.Y.-W. Carroll,Presi- benefits, paid up.
dent; H. W. Sherman, Ninth and Rowe, Record- George Wegner, Berlin, Germany.
ing Secretary, .J. Desmond, Western and North 23. Salaried officers must pay their dues and carry 490,903, Combined gas and electric light fixtures,
ave., :Financial Secretary. due cards. When salaries are due they must Francis X. Gartland, Philadelphia, Pa.
No. 45, Buffalo, N. Y.-E. Calvin, Presi- present their bill, and its payment passed on
dent; :F. Hopkins, Recording Secretary, 77 Swan 490,6!l, Insulating compound, Mathew H. Devey,
the same as any other bill presented to the
st.; T. V. Thompson, Financial Secretary, 139 N. Chester, Pa.
Division st. Union.
24. Newly-elected officers must procure all blanks, 490,Ol6, Electric stop motion for knitting machines,
--_.-,,~~..--
documents, etc., from their predecessors. Winslow M. Bell, Milton, N. Y.
TAKE NOTICE.
25. Unions shall never assume to pay the funeral 490,992, Electric arc lamp, James Sugden and W.
Officers of Local Unions should carefully read expenses of deceased members until first as- J. L. Sandy; assignors to C. H. Freedman, ~'.
the following rules before writing for information: sllredthat the claim is allowable. W. ~uter and H. Wyman, London, England.
1. Give notice at once when a change occurs in 26. Preserve old due cards. They may be useful 490,700, Electrical measuring instrument, Edward
Secretary's address, or when a vacancy has for reference in case of dispute over dues, Weston, Newark, N. J.
been filled by the election of a new officer. etc. 490,698, Electric time indicating apparatus, Edward
27. Members should always when attending meet- Weston, Newark, N. J.
2. Consult the financial report in the WORKER
ings of the Union have with them their Con- 490,699, Recording ammeter, Edward Weston, Ne-
every month, and if incorrect, report at once. wark, :N. J.
stitution and By-Laws; also their due cards.
3. Arrange to receive any mail that may be en 490,760, Electrical measuring instrument, Edward
28. Parties making statements in reference to
1'oute to old addresses of officers, when change Weston, Newark, N.·J..
recreant members will be held responsible for
occurs. 490,761, Electric signaling system, Adoniram J.
statements sent in for publication.
4. In reporting the election of new officers, use 29. Matter for the ELECTRICAL WORKER must Wilson, Port Chester, N. Y. and W .. W. Sal-
the regular blank furnished for that purpose, reach the general office by the 10th of each mon, Chicago, Ill.; assignor to Hall Signal
and write plainly the name and address of each month. COllpany of Maine.
officer. 490,725, Electrical, pressure indicator for steam-
As we are about to open a new roll book we re- guages, Edward G. Smith, San Jose, Cal.
6. The monthly report of the financial secretary
quest all Secretaries to furnish us soon as possible 490,917, Switch and safety fuse, Elmer P. Morris,
must accompany the dues sent.
a complete roll of their members since their Union Boston, Mass.; assignor to Thomson- Housto
6. Never fill out a report of any kind until first was organized. Some of the Unions with a mem" Electric Company of Connecticut.
making it out on waste paper, then copy it on bership of 100 to 200, according to the Finandal 490,744, Electric time system, William F. Gard-
the regular report blank. This obviates alter- Secretary's report, have less than twenty entered ner, Washington, D. C.
ations and scratching. on the books at the general office, and none 490,891, Electric warming bottle, Thomas Aheam,
7. Always put name and addl'ess on reportl:l and outside of those twenty would be entitled· to death Ottawa, Canada.
letters. benefits. 491,394, Electrically reducing aluminum and form-
8. Send in name, number of card, age, and ·date Send in the name of every member initiated since ing alloys thereof, ThomasL. Willson, Brook-
of admission of each new member, as he will the Union was organized, even though long since lyn, N. Y.
not be entitled to benefits until his Dame is suspended or expelled. This is necessary, as we 491,457, Electrical measuring instrument, Elmer G.
enrolled on the books at the general office. must have· a correct record of every member who Willyoung, assignor to S.L. & E. B. Fox,
9. Report promptly the suspension or expulsion ever belonged to the Brotherhood. Philadelphia, Pa.
of members; also traveling cards taken out. 49,483, Switch for electrical tram cars, Moritz
10. When sending money always state what the RECORD OF PATENTS. Immisch, London, England, assignor to Im-
amount is for; do not leave it for the G. S.-T. misch Electric Navigation and Power Com-
to guess at. The following recent electrical patents are re- pany of New Jersey.
491,124" Arc-light carbon, James McLaughlin,·
11. All orders for supplies should be accompanied ported by Higdon & Higdon & Longan, patent law-
Chicago, Ill.
with the requisite amount of money. yers, 215, 216, and 217 Odd Fellows' Building, St. 491,339, Electric clock, John H. Dyson, BelleVille,
'12. Never send money in a letter. All remittances Louis, and 48 Pacific BUilding, Washington, D. C. Wis.
should be forwarded by post office money or- 490,648, Electric bell, John W. Cummings, Gold 491,313, Electric curling iron heater, Samuel B.
der, express money order or bank draft. Hill, Nevada. Jenkins, assignor· by mesne aSSignments to
13. Unions indebted for over two months' dues are 490,663, Electric block, signal system, John La- American Electric Heating Company of
non-beneficial (see Art. XV. Sec. 5). All Burt, assignor of one-third :to A. M. Lowry, Boston, Mass.
members are interested in this matter and New York, N. Y. 491,311, Electrically heated soldering-iron, Samuel
should look after it closely. 490,954, Manufacture of carbon filaments for elec- B. Jenkins, assignor by mesne assignment to
H. On the expiration of a traveling card the mem- tric lamps, Thomas A. Edison, Llewellyn Park, American Electric Heating Company, Bosto~,
ber holding said card should pay one month's N. J. Mass.
dues and receive a due card and be enrolled 490,839, Thermal circuit closer, Elihu Thomson, 491,312, Electrically heated smoothing-iron, Sam-
as a member of the Union, the same as a new Swampscott, Mass. uel B. Jenkins, assignor by mesne assignment
member. 490,679, Apparatus for electrically treating the to American Electric Heating Company, Bos-
15. All Local Treasurers should be under bond and ear, William A. Price, Iowa Falls, la. ton, Mass.
the same filed with the G. S.-T. 490,678, Apparatus for electrically treating· the 491,484, Electrically heated vessel, Samuel B. Jen-
eyes, William A. Price, Iowa Falls, Ill.. kins, assignor by mesne assignment to Amer-
16. All receipts and correspondeuce from the gen- ican Electric Heating Company of Boston,
490,762, Electric circuit breaker, Edward M. Bent-
eral office should be read at the meetings.
-' ley, Boston, Mass.; assignor to General Elec- Mass.
17. Read the constitution carefully and consult it tric Company of New York. 491,369, Electric lock, Oliver A. Moyer and H. W.
on all matters that arise for consideration. 490,809, Dynamo electric machine, Robert Lundell, Rhodes, Ogden, Utah Territory..
18. Make out all reports with ink and use the reg- Brooklyn; assignor of two-thirds to E. H. 491,294, Dynamo electric machine, Gabriel V. M.
ular report blanks and letter paper furnished Johnson, New York. A. Parrot, and A. C. Reignier, Paris, France.
for that purpose. 490,810, Robert Lundell, Brooklyn, assignor of two- 491;426, Combined electric switch and door lock,
19. When admitting or reinstating members the thirds to E. J. Johnson, New York, N. Y.; .John H. L. Holcombe, U. S. Navy.
strictest inquiry as to health must be ob- dynamo electric machine or electric motor. 491,106, Bipolar electrical machine, Thomas H.
served. If the member is married the wife's 490,959, Coupling of dynamo electric machines in Hicks, assignor of one-half to G. F. Case,
health must also be noted. parallel, Albert Hay, London, England. . Detroit, Mich.
THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. [February.

491,322, Electrically heated gridiron, Willis Mitch- 491,604, Electric arc lamp, Charles E. Scribner, vacation, and equip the roads with the most. ap-
ell, Malden, assignor by mesne assignment assignor to Western Electric Company, Chi- proved system of electric cars. The change will
to American Electric Heating Company, Bos- cago, Ill. require an expenditure of over $6;000,000. Mr. E.
ton, Mass. . 491,605, Cut-out for arc lamps, Charles E. Serib- E. Denniston of Philadelphia is president of the
491,320, Electric water heater, Willis Mitchell, ner, assignor to Western Electric Company, company, and R. T. McDonald 'of Fort Wayne, lrid. ,
Malden, assignor by mesne assignment to Chicago, Ill. who is also president of the Municipal Electric
American Electric Heating Company, Bost?n, 491,688, Switching system for telephone exchanges, I-,ight and Power Company of St. Louis is a large
Mass. assignor to Western Electric Company, Chi- stockholder of the new company.
491,321, Electrically heated vessel, Willis Mitchell, cago, Ill. DETROIT, MICH.-Sealed proposals will b'e re-
Malden, assignor by mesne assignment to . 491,561, Incandescent lamp-socket, Joseph Hutch- ceived until Feb. 20th, for lighting the streets ,,;itb
American Electric Heating Company, Boston, inson, assignor to Edison General Electric arc lights, and the City Hall and other municipa.l
Mas8. Company of New York, N. Y. buildings with incandescent electric lights. The
491,437, Electric metal-heating device, Willis 491,890, Insulator, Andrew L. Johnston, Richmond, contract will probably be for five years.
Mitchel, Malden, assignor by mesne assign- Va. DAYTON, O.-The Grand Opera House will be
ment to American Electric Heating Company, 491,682, Bushing for incandescent lamp-sockets, C. remodled and equipped with an incandescent elec-
Boston, Mass. A. B. Halverson, Saufus, assignor to R. B. tric light plant.
491,438, Electrically heated muffle, Willis Mitchell, Lincoln, Boston, Mass. KEAUNEY, NEB.-The Kearney Opera House
Malden, assignor by mesne assignment to Certified copies of the drawings and specifica- Company will put in an electric plant.
American Electric Heating Company, Boston, tions of any of the above patents furnished by the SOUTH DENVER, COLo.-South Denver will put
Mass. ELECTRICAL WORKER on receipt of 25 cents in in an electric fire alarm system.
11,303, Insulating electric conductors, Thomas E. stamps. ROME, N.· Y.-The Rome street railway will
Morford, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Enamel change to an electric system;
Insulator Company of Illinois. GENERAL NEWS. QUINCY, MAss.-The Quincy Real Estate Trust
491,4!)0, Insulation of dynamo armatures, Thomas Co. proposes to build an electric light plant to light
E. Morford, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Enamel their hotel, and also their proposed opera house
Where Electrical Workers May Look
Insulator Company of Illinois. on Granite street, and they will also furnish power
for Work.
491,491, Insulated magnetic coil, Thomas E. Mor- for the street railway companies.
ford, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor to Enamel WAUSAU, WIs.-Will build four miles of electric LEWISTON, MONT. - The Lewiston Electric
Insulator Company of Illinois. road. Light and Power Company has been incorporated
491,726, Accumulator, William A. Macleod, Boston, CANTON, O.-The Canton-Massillon electric car and will proceed at once to build a central station.
Mass. line will be extended six miles to New Berlin. Work FLANDREAU, S. D.-Both the City and the In-
491,713, Electric head-lamp, William Maine, will commence as soon as the weather will per- cLtan Industrial School will soon have electric
Brooklyn, N. Y. mit. lights.
491,567, Conductor for amatures, Emil Kolben, SPUINGl!'IELD, O.-The first step toward building CHICAGO, ILL.-The North Side Electric Street
Schenectady, assignor to Edison General an electric road from here to Cincinnati has· been Railway Company bas been incorporated with a
Electric Company, New York, N. Y. taken, arrangements having been made to build one
capital stock of $5,600,000. It is intended to
491,568, Armature and means for supporting same, of the links from Harshmanville to l!'ranklin. build an electric road to Milwaukee. It is proposed
Emil Kolben, Schenectady, assignor to Edi- SYRACUSE, O.-An electric road will be built
to complete the road within two years.
son General Electric Company, New York, from here to MIddleport, during the coming sum-
HOT SPRINGS, ARK.-Hot Springs is to have
N.Y. mer.
a double-tracked electric road four miles long.
491,666, Electric locomotive, Sidney H. Short, as- SCRANTON, PA.-The NorthUll1berland, Blooms-
SPRINGFIELD, O.-[Special.]-Hon. O. S. Kelly,
signor to Short Electric Railway Company, burg and Scranton Electric R'y Co. will build an president of the Kelly Manufacturing Company,
Cleveland, Ohio. 80-mile trolley line between these points.
has sold his patents to the General Electric Com-
491,667, Directly connected motor for cars, Sidney YORK, ME.-The York Light & Power Co. has
pany. The price paid is said to be $500,000. It is
H. Short, assignor to Short Electric Railway been organized; capital $100,000. It will furnish
claimed that all electric system with overhead
Company, Cleveland, Ohio. light for the town and power to hotels and motors.
attachments are infringements on these patents.
591,692, Time circuit closer, Robert R. TwIgg, ROCHESTER, N. Y.-The firm of Michaels, Stear There is a queer history connected with the pat-
London, England. & Co. will put in a complete electric plant in their ents. A poor Ulan in Michigan named Green was
491,945, Self-winding electric clock, Emil Klahn, new factory on North Clinton street. Cutting ma- the patentee, and Mr. Kelly furnished Green with
West Hoboken, N. J., assIgnor to D. C. Hood, chinery will be nm by electric motors, and sadirons money for twenty years. Two years ago the Su-
New York, N. Y. heated by electric current. ::>reme Court of the District of Columbia handed
491,560, Coulomb counter, George Hummel, Nur- KANSAS CITY, Mo.-The Board of Public Works down a decision sustaining tbe validity of Green's
emberg, Germany. are considering the advisability of putting an elec- invention. Mr. Kelly finally bought Green out and
491,811, Alternating current generator, Octave tric light plant in the basement of the City Hall. has disposed of the patents at a princely figure.
Patin, Paris, France. EVERETT, WASH.-A company has been formed GAI,LATIN, Mo.-Electric light plant and water
491,695, Alternating current dynamo electric ma- to build an electric railway from Everett to Sno- works contracts will soon be given out for this
chine, James J. Wood, Brookl.yn, N. Y. hornish, a distance of eight miles. place..
491,970, Electric motor, Alexander W. Meston, St. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.-An English syndicate WABASH, IND.-Wants an electric fire alarm.
Louis, Mo. is negotiating to get control of the electric and gas PITKIN, COl,o.-Pitkin is figuring on an electric
491,708, Electric motor and dynamo mica insulator, light plants of this city. The price offered is said light and water works.
Charles W. Jefferson, Schenectady, assignor to to be considerable over $1,000,000. LUZERNE, MINN.-The new shaft for the electric
E. Munsell & Co., New York, N. Y. and Eliza- CUJlfUERLAND, MD.-An electric road will be light is now in place and working finely.
beth, N. J. built between this city and Westernport, a distance NEW SHARON, IA.-Is cont!lmplating the advIsa-
491,707, Electrical insulating conduit, Charles W. of thirty miles. The road will take in nearly every bility of an electric light plant.
Jeffersonal, Schenectady, assignor to E. Mun- town in Allegheny County. DALTON, O.-Is agitating the question of electric
sell & Co., New York, N. Y., and Elizabeth, ST. JOSEPH, Mo.-St. Joseph will soon have a ights.
N. J. new electric street railway system.. COLFAX, COl.o.-The citizens are agitating the
491,829, Electric motor regulator, Joseph A. Wil- CHICAGo.-The Chicago and Southwestern Street question of getting the town to contract with the
liams, Canal Dover, Ohio. Railway Co. intend to build an electric road on 95th Denver, Lakewood arid Golden for electric light.
491,874; Electric signal, Frank H. Clarke, assignor street. Bnoo,KLYN, N. Y.-The Brooklyn Traction Co.
of one-half to I. H. Clarke, Springfield, Ohio. GmmNwOOD, Mlss.-The city will erect an elec- has purchased the Brooklyn, Bath & West End R.
491,531, Electrical signaling apparatus, Jacob B. tric light plant. R. and will operate it by electricity instead of
Currier, Lowell, Mass., assignor to Currier SEDALIA, Mo.-The Ilgenrintz Bros. will put steam.
Telephone Bell Company of Massachusetts. in an electric plant in their new building. DALLAS, TEX.-A franchise bas. been granted to
491,532, Electric Governor for signaling circuits, DES MOINI~S, IA.-The Edison Electric Light and operate a new electric railway. Fifteen miles
Jacob B. Currier and D. H. Rice, .Lowell, the Water Power Electric Light companies were will be built before July 1st.
Mass. consolidated lUlder the name of the Des Moines WEBB CITY, Mo.-An electric road will be built
491,684, Manufacture of secondary battery elec- Electric Company. Capital stock $1,000,000. between this place and Cartersville, a distance of
trodes, Robert M. Lloyd, New York, The Lake Angeline mine, in Northern Michigan, ten miles.
491,915, Electric arc lamp, Willian H. Akester, has contracted to put in an electric tramway and NEI,SONVILU!J, O.-A company has been organ-
London, England. an electric light plant at a cost of $50,000. . ized to establish an immense electric plant, to fur-
491, 916, Electric arc lamp, William H. Akester, NEW ORLEANS; LA. - [Special.]-The Electric nish light and power to all the coal mines within' a
London, England. Traction Company which has acquired control of a radius of eleven miles. Lines will be run from the
491,603, Duplex electric arc lamp, Charles E. Scrib- station to each mine and the current will be used
ner, assignor to Western Electric Company, number of street railway systems, will give the both to light the mines and operate the mining
Chicago, Ill. . -time-honored mule aud bobtail car a much needed machines.
1rr?3
(February. THE ELECTRICAL WORKER. 15

BmDGgpORT, CONN.-The Pennoak-Botter Elec- WIGST SUPIGlUOR, WIs.-The Edison Electric Co. F. R. Harding of Washington, D. C., is a
tric Light & Improvement Co., at present located are about to establish a branch here. walking encyclopedia of useful and novel electrical
at Boston, Mass., will build a large plant here. HANFORD, CAT"., Feh. 2. - [Special.] - H. G. patent reports. It is said he memorIzes the numbers,
MImIA, pA. - The Philadelphia and Deleware Lacey, one of the owners of the electric plant here dates and data of each patent. His nearness to and
COllUty Electric IVy Co. will at once begin the con- has purchase in San Francisco a 100-horse power persoual acquaIntance at the Patent Office gives
struction of its line between Chester, Media and Reynolds-Corliss engine to reinforce the 125 Corlis's hIm easy access to Its archives, and he makes good
the limits of Philadelphia. engIne now Iu use. He wHl also huy two dynamos use of' his opportunities.
of 1000 lights capacity' each-making a total of Geo. A. Rubelmann Hardware Co., of
:FI,OllRNCIG, COLo.-The Florence Electric Light
6000 16-candle ·lights. New buildings ,will be St. Louis, are doing an extensive business in gen-
and Rapid Transit Co. lias been organized with a
erected. eral hardware and making a specialty of electrical
capital stock of $100,000. It will supply light and
COU"INSVIU>l~, lLL.-W. Young of St. Joseph, tools. The,y are selling their cornice-brace lower
power for the surrounding mines, and also con-
Mo" James Hannerty of Chicago, .T. S. r. Gordon than any other hardware house in town. Send for
struct an electric road.
of Col!insvme, r. Gordon of Glen Carbon, incorpo- a catalogue,
COLOIIADO SPJUNGS, COJ"o.-Detroit and Buffalo rated a new company at Springfield last week to
capitalists are prepariug to bnild an,electric railway build an electric road from·Collinsville to St. Louis.
·line to the Cripple Creek towns, via the Seven Work will commence very soon. LESSONS FOR A YOUNG MAN'S LIFE.
Lakes, through a tunnel in the Jeff Davis group of CHICAGO, Iu". - The Crescent Electric LIght,
mines. These mines arc to be operated by elec- Heat and rower Co. have incorporated with a capI- " I.-Never Indulge the notion that you have any
tricity, and the mine operators as well as the Rapid tal stock of $100,000. J. R. Bickerclike, T. D. Hull, absolute right to choose the sphere or the circum-
Transit Co. of this city arc interested. The line and B. Johnson. stances in whIch you are to put forth your power
will be about thirty miles long. rIGTEUSnUUG, IUh, Feb. 2.-The Petersbnrg'elec- of social action; but let your daily wisdom of life
MJLWAUKK'~, WIs.-The electric road to North tric light plant will be enlarged. be in making good use of the opportunities given
Greenfield will be completed and in operatiOJi by ASHVIU,E, O.-NegotIations are now on for an you.
.Jul.y 1st. electrIc light plant:for thIs place. "Il.-We live in a real,and a solid,and a truthful
GlllmNwOOD, MIss.-:The Delta Machinery Co. rOUT HURON, MICH.-The St. Clair Light and world. In such aworld only truth, in the long run
will put in an electric plant. Fuel Co. have let the contract for erecting their can hope to prosper. Therefore avoid lies, mere
EAST ST. LOUIS, ILT".-The East St. Louis Elec- plant to J. O'Snllivan. show and sham, and hollow -superficiality of all .
tric & Dummy Co. will build an electric freight line TOI"EDO, a.-The new electric light works are kinds, which is at best a painted lie; let whatever
from Venice to East Carondelet. rapidly nearing completion and will cost $200,000; you are, aud whatever you do, grow out of a firm
HAMMOND, IND, - A ·new electric light plant JEFI'EHSON CTTY, Mo.-The Capitol City has con- root of truth, and a strong soil of reality.
will be erected at the corner of Hudson street and tracted for a 'complete system of arc street lamps "IlL-The nobility of life is work. We live In
Sheffield avenue. which will be completed in a few weeks. a working wvrld. The lazy and the idle man does
INDIANAPOLIS, IND.-The Indianapolis Electric LINCOLN, NEB.-The LIncoln Light & rower Co. not count In the plan of campaign. I My father
Light & Power Co. intend to lay about seventeen people arc to erect a $150,000 plant. worketh hitherto and I work.' Let that text be
miles of uuderground cable, both arc and incan- MUSKEGON, MICH., Feb. 10.-The plans for the enough.
descent. Hackley electric fountain, on Webster avenue, have "IV.-Never forget St. raul's sentence: 'I,ove
NI~W LONDON, O.-The Norwalk Electric Con- reached the city; and work will commence at once. is the f::llfilling of the law.' This Is the steam of
struction Co. arc about to erect a p1t{nt here. The fountain will be thirty feet high of Vermont the social machine.
Bm:KIGI~EY, CAI,,-The Berkeley j~lectric Lio-ht granite, topped with copper bronze.. Incandescent " V.-But the steam requires regulation. It is
Co. have about completed their ~lew plant. ';he lights of mauy colors will be enclosed in a glass regulated by intelligence and moderation. Healthy
new chcuit will include sixty new lights, and globe, and the effect at night will be very billiant. action is always a balance of forces, and all ex-
will take in the annexed districts of IAlwer and ST. LOUIS, Mo.-The vestibuled car on the Lm- tremes are dangerous; the excess of a good thing
Southern Berkeley. dell Street Railway system, equipped with Westing- being often more dangerous in Its social conse-
EFFINGHAM, hL.-The electric light plant here house motors, has given such satisfaction that the quences than the excess of what is radically bad.
is capitalized for $15,000. LIndell Company have gIven an order for 100 cars "VI.-Do one thing well, 'be a whole man;' As
SEGUIN, TI,~x.-Seguin will soon have an electric to be equipped with the late Westinghouse motors. Chancellor Thurlow said: 'Do one thing at one
plant. --~_.-~.-~--
time.'. Make clean work aud leave no tags. Allow
GENEvA,.ILI,,-Will have an electric light plant no. delays when you are at a thing; do it and be
in the IlCar :future. .
TRADE NOTES~ done with it:
GROWN POINT, IND.-The electric plant sold here' "VII.-Avoid miscellaneous reading, read noth-
Consolidated Engineerin~ Co. are rather
by sheriff's sale was bought by the Thompson- ing that you do not care to remember, and remem-
new-comers In St. Louis, but are catching on In
Houston Electric Light Company of Chicago, for ber nothing that you do not mean to use.
great shape. They have just closed a large con-
$9000. .' "VIlI.-Never desire to !tppear clever and make
tract wIth the Globe Shoe & ClothIng' Co. to put in
PETImSnURG, IND" Feb. 4.-[SpeciaL] -The city a show of your talents before men. Be honest,
an extensive plant, and are also fitting up plants
council let a contract a few days ago for electri~ loving, kindly and sympathetic in aWyou say and
for the Eagle. ElectrIc Co., of Columbia, Ill., the
lighting. A fine plant will be built and both arc do. Cleverness will flow from you naturally if you
City of Fayette, Mo., and the MarIon Electric Light
and incandescent systems will be used. The com- & Street HaHway, Marion, Ill.
have It, and applause will come to you unsonght
pany expects to be ready for business by April L from those who know what to applaud; but the
MARYVnLIG, MICH.-Is to be lighted by elec- Partrick & Carter Co~, of rhiladelphia, applause of fools is to be shunned.
tricity. are now mUng their many advance orders for their "IK.-Above all things avoid fault-finding and
CLINTON, MICH.-Work on the electric lights new AutomatIc Annunciator. ThIs, in additIon to a habit of criticism. Let your rule in reference to'
here is nearly completed. their general electric snpplies and honse-goods (of your social sentiments be sImply this: Pray for
WARIlRN, 0., Feb. 3.-[SpeciaL]-TheTrumbull which they make a specialty), keeps their veryex- the bad, pity the weak, enjoy the good and rever-
Electric Street Railway to Niles is progressino- tensive plant workIng to Its full capacity. en::>e both the great and small, as playing each his
rapidly. Kirk, Christy & Co. have the contract fo~ Dow Adjustable Light Co., of Baintree, part aptly in the divine symphony of the universe:"
ties and Star & Bolin for distributing material.
VVAImgN:, O.-The reoples' Electric Co. has
ust been Incorporated and wHl bu.ild an electrIc
Mass" are pushing the Dow Adjusting Ball for
electric lights, and are makIng a great success of
it. Their fusible connections and electrical appli-
. ---_._
PROF: JOHN STAURT BLACKIE.
......... ----
~.

We are grateful to our brother eectrical workers


road from Barberton to Ravenna, passIng through ances are also selling very rapIdly.
for the kInd appreciatIon they have shown for our
Akron, Cuyahoga Falls and Kent. Solar Carbon & Mfg Co., of Pittsburg, humble efforts and to our correspondents for the
FREMONT, O.-At a specIal election held at Clyde Pa., are pushed to fill orders for their Motor and kIndly words they have written us, some of which
Monday, Gth Inst., It was decIded to Issue bond~ Dynamo Brushes, Electric LIght Carbons, soft, were so flattering that our modesty would not per-
for electric Ughting, water works and street im- cored and solid, and are also manUfacturing bat- mit of our publishing them. We also thank them
provements. tery carbons of all shapes. for the able communiCations they have sent in and
LANSING, MICH" Feb. 7.-[SpecIal.]-The city Shultz Belting Co., of St. Louis, and the' hope In the future every City and Local Union will
of Lansing, on Dec. 1 last, purchased the plant of rest of the earth and moon thrown In (see cut of be represented In our columns.
the Lansing Electric Light Co. for $45,000. More trade mark), may not be glohe trotters personally,
liJa.chinery has been purchased and an additional but where their belting Is not found must be abso- r ----- ~.
mile of wIre has been a.dded and with poles, etc., lutely beyond the pale of' civilization. This week ! The ~ol'll,rnns of the "Electrical \.
w.i1l run up the plant to $65,000.
they shipped 3000 feet of belting to Moscow, Rus- / Worker" are always 023en for the free '
EAST ST. LOUIS, ILL.-The CItizens' ElectrIc sia, and are about completing a like order for Sid- discussion of any sub}ect in which the
Railway Co. secured from the city coullcH a rIght- ney, Australia. The inhabitants (?) of the moon
of-way for a douhle track from Collinsville avenue wHl be telephoning for it as soon as wizard Edison Electrical Industry or the we~fare of
on Broadway to the Belt road. completes his new long-distance 'phone. Electrical Workers is at stake.
THE: ELECTRICAL WORKER, [February.

. F·OR SALE.' W.· E. DOW,PRESIDENT AND MANAGER. A. C. FOWLER,


Formerly Examiner Electrical
WILLIS FOWLER
Division, U.·S: Patent Office.
5
1
9"
9~ " 10"
ARC DYNAMOS.
amp. 35 light, Waterhou8e dY8. and relt'ltr.
'" ~,...,.
DOW ADJUSTA:BLE LIGHT CO., . FOWLER· & FOWLER,
SOLE MANUFACT·URERS·'OF
~ l~ ~: ~~ :: Van I?~poel H n,~ Patents and .Patent 'Caus~s,
1 18
I 18
1 9~
I 9~
1 9~
I 9M
u
u
u.
..
8"
6 ..
10 U
8 H
Excelsior
30 u , Dr.ush
5 ..
U
',.
."
u

wIth
no
.Dow Patent Adiusting .Ball
FOR ELECTRIC LIGHTS.
421
. BANK ?F CmlMERCE BLDG.,
Olive Street, ST. LOUIS.
Specialty. ~
1 9~
1
2 18
9.l1)
••
U
.,.
25 "
40 u
2lJ
llall
West'll Ele .•• with
•• U. i:l. .. .. ••
THE DOW ADJUSTING BAIJL is a thoroughly
1 18
2 18
u
"
30
16
..
••
JC.l~neJr. reliaule m.echaoism for instantly misinJ{ or lowering
an electric light, and is especially adapted for stores,
. ~leGt(iGal·· @
{ g~ :: ;8 :: Amarlcan H~? :: offices, hotels, libraries 01' any place. where a movable
1 9)6
2 18
"
u
40
20
U
u
Sp,'e,rry h
..
with ight is required. Notice cylinder in the open case and
.. take no other. .' @ Wo(~e(s.
ARC LAMPS. . DOW PATENT FUSIBLE CONNJ<~CTION.
200 9304' amp. BI nJ!le Waterhouse lamps. The ONLY FUSIBLE CONNECTION for attaching a
67 9).( u ~()llble . u. ••
drop light to a chandelier or eleetrolier thot is safe, .
15 6}06' U • single Brush .' •• NO.16 ..
69
43
9*
9~
,.
H
•••• ••
U -
No. III.
··No·; 16.
ornamental and especially adapte.d for that purpose.
EMBLEMATIC BUTTONS-~
97 18 douhle Jenney " , A large supply on haml.
8U
60
9Xl
18
U
u . . . Brush
.. sln~le Jenney'
U
u
No. 11.' : DOW ADJUSTABLE LIGHT CO..
ERA.INTREE, M'ASS. SOLID GOLD. $1.35 each. Six or more ordered at
43 18 u · single \Vestern Ele. "
one time 10 same uddress;$1.25 eu(\h.
200 18 .. double Van Depoel
46 18 •• s1021e. •• FOR SALE BY AU. SUPPLY COMPANIES. HEAVY ROLLED GOLO. i5c. each. Six or more or·
64 9~ •• •• Excelsior Seud for Circular and Price Lists.. dered at one time to same address, !l5c. each'
6 9~ •• double' .. Address all orders to
20 9~ U single Ball U

~~ 1~~ :: 8t;1~le ~~:~lcan ~{" J"'. T. XELL"Y",


60 9~ " double Amer~qan " Grand See't nnd TrflRs.,
INCANDESCENT, ETC.
1 2,SOO volt 0011 light· U. 8. "Itcrnator with conv'lr8.
904 Olive Street, ST.LOUIS, MO.
2
1
1
110 u 350 .~. Jen'ley dynamo H
80 u. 400'" Coneoll'ted
96" 4:.0 H Hru~h u
rheostat.
u.. .. .' ELECTRIC~L P~TENTS.
.J 96" 300" ,. "
~ ~a~p':88 :,'
He,l,sler ;~ U reg'latre.
F. R. HARDINC,
1 110 u 300'" Royal. " :: rhe?stat.
1
1
9~
9~
... two horAe power Baxter.
.• one-quarter horse power C. & C.
CORNER BRACE. Patent Lawyer .,s.G Electrical Expert
No. 222 Third 51., N. W. WASHINGTON, D. C.
NOTICE.-CUT Tins LIST OUT FOR FUTURE
R1i: FE HE N(;JC. We do not sell dynamos OU com-
mission or option. hut bUy outright. antt all the
Size, s 10-inch. Prompt and thorough work at moderate prices.
above Apparatus can be seen at our warerooms.
ST. LOUIS. 1110. All app"ralu8 overbauled and
te8ted berine 8hlpment. Price, $2.00 2.25 each.
Rose Eleetrrie I1ight Supply Go. W.H.HASKELL,
ST. LOUIS,
Room 232, Electrical Excha'ge Boilding, New York.
Mo. Engraver and Jeweler,
ELECTRICIANS' TOOLS. GOLD. SILVER' & BRONZE,

Gran~all's Pat8nt P8ckin~s Emblem Buttons,


-FOR- Geo. A. Rubelmann· Hardware Co. Pins and .Charm!,
PRESENTATION MEDALS

STEAM, 905 & 907 N. 6th Street, ST. LOUIS, MO. BIinDUES . OF· EVERY
DESCRIPTION.

713 Olive Street, ST. LOUIS.


WATER,
[.
b.A.\KJ.~6· . r:.llR01Ell AND
t~ ~
~~(\))i@J ~~~
'[8AD~ HAfil\,
AMMONIA Eleetttieal. Worrkerr, ST. ~OUIS,
PATENT AND TRADE-MARK LAWYERS,
Patents Obtained.
Mo.

We hold the only patents THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE Trade·Marks Registered.
on cold lubrication, and our
goods are guaranteed for all E. SPANG'ENBERG'S
places where packing is used. E±neerinDc~ool
CRANDALL PACKING CO. OF J:\:7UrERICJ:\:.
MAIN OFFICES AND FACTORIES: 314 N. Tl1ird St., St. Louis, Nio.
FAL!IIYIlA, N. Y. S~. LOllIS, !IIO.-620 N. ~hlrd St.
BRANCH OFFICES:
PUBLISHED MONTHLY: The Electrical Worker,
\
Open daily from 9-12 a. m., 2'-5 and 7-10 p, m'
except 'Sunday nighl.s.
NEW YORK-13G Llborly St. OHICAGO-61 S. Canal St. $1.00 PER YEAII. IN ADVANCE. 90B OLIVE STREET. AU branches of EnglUB8rlng attondod. to and taught.
Bend for Descriptive Catalogue and Samples.

E S T.A.ElLXSEl::E:D 1867.
FRANKLIN 5. CARTER. CHARLES M. WILKINS. E. WARD WILKINS.

- TRADING AS -

t)~
PARTRICK & CARTER- CO"
:~ 125 SOUTH SECOND STREET, PHILADELPHIA, FA.
~o
"ole Proprietors of the Fa-tent ~eecl.le .,A,==cia-tors.

Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of

ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES. _ WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF -

Bells, Disque Leclanche Batteries, Gas Lighting


Apparatus, Bronze Goods and a full line of
supplies for Hotel and House Work. .
Our Goods are well and favorably known to all. Electrical Workers i
and are kept in stock and for sale by the leading
Supply Houses everywhere.·
Consulting Electrical Engineer and Silperintendent,
GEO. J. PERCIVAL, 219 Mermod "Jaccard Bldg., ST. LOUIS,MO.
,'i,."

',' " .,

,THEELECT~ICic:'WORKER>-"
,> ," ..... .;'.
, 'C" -••• , _. ' . > " . " ' , ":. ,',' '.'~'., -

,
B10nO"! ,HIODOJ&-LOlODB.,
AT.TotiNEYS-AT-LAW.

, Patents obtaineda:nd,Drawing~macle fot


,Complex Electrical Inventions.' '
, ST. LOUIS: Rooms 215C216-217 Odd Fel1o~s Building.
WASHINGTON: .Room 48, ~acific Building. Opposite
Patent Office.

- - - ' THE ,-,-,, -


GRE1=rT

'--,
Southwest
SYSTEM.
Connecting the CO,mmercial Centers and rich,
farms' of "
-MISSOURI, '
The, Broad Corn and Wheat Fields and
" Thriving Towns of ' '
, KANSAS;,
The Fertile,River Valleys and Trn4e Centers of '
, . 'NEBRASKA, '
The Grand, Pictnr~s'qne n,nd Ene,hanting Seen'
cry, and the ~'''lllllnS ~! ining Districts'of '
, , " " COLORADO" '
'l'he Agricultural, Fruit, lIfineral and TiJ'11ber
LU,nd~, and Fnmo,us Hot eprings of
ARKANSAS '" This, Ledger dispenses' (omplel~lywitti the Index,
The Beantiful H6l1in~ Praides'llnd'Woodlnnds
, " cif the "
INDIAN TERRITORY, "
' , :and'sa\Tes:~ot:e, iii-he',: t~o;jbI~, and
cash; th:ui:ariy
The Sugar Plantations of, ' . ,book' ever inventel'
LOUISIANA,
'The Cotton nnd Grai,:, Fields, the Cattle Ranges'
, and ''-i~x'~~~orls of " " 'WRITE FOR CIRCULARS AND PRICES,.

.': Historical and Scenic


,OLD ANDNEW MEXICO,
.And forms with its Connections the Popular,' ' )30xtotl:&Skinnetr':'stat,io,n~t1y'
Winler Route to "
ARIZONAAND CALIFORNIA. , . 215-217 Cl;leElDut. Street,St:Louis•. M:o. '
For full descriptive and illustrated pamphlets of
any of the above States, or Hot Spdngs. Ark.; San'
Antonio. TexBs,and"Mexlco,' address' Co~p:any's

"C.'& ·C'.';,ELECT.RIC: MOTORS.


Agen"'",s, or ..

H.C. TOWNSEN'D,'
"Gen'l Pmenger & Ticket Age,nt, ST. 'LOUIS: ~1(): '

Complete Drawings and


Specifications P-reparedfor
Electrical Inventions. "
I

EICKS & ROBINSON, ,


530 Odd Fellows LOUISt MO. ' '

Electric PbwerSe.~v~d ' 24' Hours .'~.' Day, Su,ndaylncIuded.


SOLIOTHROUCH TRAINS' ELECTRIC ELE~ATORS :ANb LAI:lGE' POWER 'A, SPECIALTY. , ' " '
.' ".. ' "', , I , .' ..
FROM ·LAcLEDE POWER eo. OF ST. LOUIS',
ST. hOUISTo Kansas'City ~ ....._ _...;..-
Office, 808 Bank of Commerce Bnilding.
......._ . . . . - ~ _ ~__• ......;;,.-..............;.~..........;..~_ _~ , , . . i

WITH
St. Joseph'
Dining Gatts
Vestibuled
Ollawing !loom
Denver, 10 ELEGTRIGALCONTRACTORSl
~te~ping Gatts ' St. paul and' .'ConstttoetionCompanies,
~eiHining ,',
)" '.

'GhaittCalls (fttee) I .Minn~ap~lis


',"'. ' "-

I" '.,Telegt1~ph ,'Cl;nd ,


--ALSO--'

THROUGH SLEEPING CAflS to OMAlIA~ , TelephC?ne.Cot;npQ.:pi¢s


Only one change of cars
TO THE' PACIPlCCoAsT
",j
.......:i:/

'\
l' .
ELE~rRlcAt ·,WORKER.'·
, ';' ~~-) •

lI:rittQNCIRTO~S:··:··W()RLD.···"BE.AfrERs:'t'·
't3Eli4S, 'PUSf{ES', " ..... ' " sTi8;;'llE'U~irPH HIS;
llETT~~ .. 13QXES,· :ETC.: . i1UNUFACTURED BYTHE' .

.'
Lotn Jnns~lotnlng~DI
·.Eagle: Manu:factur[nG.:Co'.·,··
.~ . ' . ' . ." , ,
We want everyw.orkingll1aninthe City
. :oLSt.Louis' tOlknow)tnd.• appreciate this'
\. fact.' ¥ou·can't.get along.withou.t them;,
Manhatt~n BUildin~, We;tring qualiFes .unsurpassed, and 'tlJey
won't rip~ . . '. ,.' . ~. '.
'.. 'Be: sur.ethe:" Star "trade markis)"c,o;,
. -every pair. For sale' by , if"'·

'. '-lbh~ . ra{~~·' ,


,; -
your dealel7. for the " EAO'LE
S. W. Corner. i
ANNU~CIATOR.J~:·~:" . . ", 7'th·a~·c;I·Fr~ulklin.Ave.

W:.. ·H.'HA$KEL·L;·~ .. .. "E.:·SPANGE.NBERGiS. c' ••••• "

.EIlgraYeraudJ@~@lei, 'e.tn~~ri~tschooL:. :,·:


:E leetitieat >~W()t1.l<ett,
_. C

GOLD. SILVER&: ~R9NZE.


. 314 :N:. Tl1.itd St" St. LoUis,lI'\.o; .
Emblem Butto ns, Open daily from 9"':12 a. m., 2-5 and 7-10 p. n!
.Pins and Charms, .. .:- '. . . ex;eept ':;l,Inday nighl.s.
; Anbranchea of Englneer.lngattenhd
.. .
t~
.
and .tangh.t.
PRESENT,4TION MEDALS TH E OFFICI.AL· JOURNAL. OF·THE

" B: RDr·ES OF EV'ERY .


.. ;
. H U .'
Street, ·ST),LOUIS.
DESCRIPTION.
-~atiol)al 'Btot~er96od,-OftleGfri\al·Work~r~·:. .-
A, C. FOW.LER,
Formerly Examiner Electrical'
. WILLIS FOWLER.

, DivisioD,U> S.Pateilt Office. '.


· .\.'," '. ... .. ,

.PATENTS ~~~~~L~~~S:.
. ST. LOqIS,Mo.
OF ~ME:R,IC~., . .FOWLER··& FOWLER,
.
,
Patents and Patent Causes,
., BANK.OF.. COMMERCE BLDG;:; ." ' .
p'. "

. PATENT AND TRADE-lI'JARK LAWYERS, ·PUBLISHED' MON'l'HIiY: ''"@' Tl1e·Electda',lI;·Worke'r; 42.1 OliveStree~, __. ST. LQUIS•
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1893 February Index
Advice from Our Grand President Miller. 1893.02.08
Arc Lights in Mid-Ocean, floating lights 1893.02.06
Arc Lights in St. Louis, 1878, not a success 1893.02.07
Bell Telephone Co. drives another phone company out of business 1893.02.08
Coating Carbons, arc lamp problem 1893.02.05
Death Claims Approved and Paid 1893.02.09
Directory of Local Unions ...... 1893.02.12
Edison Trust wins and has monopoly on incandescent bulbs 1893.02.08
Electric Stamping Machine...... 1893.02.04
Electric Trades Union of Great Britain, 2,000 members ...... 1893.02.09
Fifth Vice President Flemming finds work good in NW, Sioux City next 1893.02.09
Filaments for Incandescent Lamps, German experiments 1893.02.06
First Vice President Healy is a father, female child not expected to live 1893.02.09
Fourth Vice President Dunn, district business booming, L.U. 21 growing 1893.02.09
High Tension Transmission of Power Plant, A, D.C. at 70% efficiency 1893.02.12
Incandescent Lamp Situation in St. Louis, The, fighting Edison 1893.02.07
L.U. 1, St. Louis 1893.02,10
L.U. 2, Milwaukee 1893.02.10
L.U. 8, Toledo 1893.02.10
L.U. 10, Indianapolis 1893.02.10
L.U. 12, Evansville 1893.02.10
L.U. 16, Cleveland.: 1893.02.10
L.U. 17, Detroit.. .... 1893.02.10
L.U. 18, Kansas City...... 1893.02.11
L.U. 26, DC ...... 1893.02.11
L.u. 31, Jersey City 1893.02.11
L.u. 33, Newark 1893.02.11
L.U. 38, Albany 1893.02.11
L.U. 41, Chicago 1893.02.11
L.U. 44, Rochester. 1893.02.11
Lessons for a Young Man's Life, Professor Blackie 1893.02.14
Masthead (missing) ...... 1893.02.08
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National Electric Light Convention in St. Louis, The, February 2i 1893.02.07
New Electric Block System, telegraph from train not reliable 1893.02.06
New Haven thanks local unions for donations 1893.02.09
New Telephone Company in St. Louis, A, underground 1893.02.07
Painting by Machinery, small compressor at World's Fair. 1893.02.07
Photo, Second Annual Convention, 1892, Chicago 1893.02.03
Pinkertonism, armed men unduly inflame passions of strikers 1893.02.09
Playing the Banjo by Electricity 1893.02.06
Possibility of Distribution of Power at Considerable Distances 1893.02.04
Press Secretaries, we need your product. 1893.02.08
Record of Patents, new electrical patents 1893.02.13
Report of Grand President Henry Miller. 1893.02.09
Second Vice President Roth is in Omaha and L.U. 22 will be all right 09
Sixth Vice President Allen, business fair in his district, L.U. 16 growing 09
"Sparks" from our "Live Wire" 09
St. Louis Electric Club, The, has over 100 members 07
Take Notice, instructions to local union officers 13
Telegraphing at Sea, shown at World's Fair, Chicago ......05
Trade Notes 14
Underground Construction, first success in Chicago telephone 05
Watch That Speaks, A, Swiss maker 09
.What is Electricity, London electrical engineer guesses 05
Where Electricians May Look for Work 14