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Information and Communication Technologies

• It deals with the use of different communication technologies such as mobile phones, telephone, Internet to locate,
save, send and edit information.

ICT in the Philippines

• Philippines is dub as the “ICT Hub of Asia” because of huge growth of ICT-related jobs, one of which is BPO, Business
Process Outsourcing, or call centers.
• ICT Department in the Philippines is responsible for the planning, development and promotion of the
country's information and communications technology (ICT) agenda in support of national development.

• It is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link
billions of devices worldwide.
• Means of connecting a computer to any other computer anywhere in the world via dedicated routers and servers.
• It sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks - a network of networks in which
users at any one computer can get information from any other computer

World Wide Web

• It is an information system on the Internet that allows documents to be connected to other documents by hypertext
links, enabling the user to search for information by moving from one document to another.
• It is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by
hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet.
• Invented by Tim-Berners Lee

Web Page
• Web page is a hypertext document connected to the World Wide Web. It is a document that is suitable for the
World Wide Web

• A location connected to the Internet that maintains one or more pages on the World Wide Web.
• It is a related collection of World Wide Web (WWW) files that includes a beginning file called a home page.
Web browser
• It displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device. It is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and
traversing information resources on the World Wide Web

Types of Web
a. Static Web - Web 1.0
b. Dynamic Web - Web 2.0, 3.0

Web 1.0 - static website without interactivity

Web 2.0 - websites that contain dynamic content
Web 3.0 - a concept of the World Wide Web that is designed to cater to the individual user

Static web page

• It is known as flat page or stationary page in the sense that the page is “as is” and cannot be manipulated by the
• The content is also the same for all users that is referred to as Web 1.0

Dynamic Web page

• Web 2.0 is the evolution of Web 1.0 by adding dynamic web pages
• The user is able to see website differently than others e.g social networking sites, wikis, video sharing sites
• Web 2.0 allows users to interact with the page, the user may be able to comment or create a user account
• Most website the we visit today are Web 2.0

Static vs. Dynamic Web page

• Static" means unchanged or constant, while "dynamic" means changing or lively.
• A static site is one that is usually written in plain HTML and what is in the code of the page is what is displayed to
the user. A dynamic site is one that is written using a server-side scripting language such as PHP, ASP, JSP, or
• Static refers to the web that are the same regardless of the user.


• Dynamic refers to web pages that are affected by user input or preference

Features of Web 2.0

• Folksonomy- allows user to categorize and classify information using freely chosen keywords e.g tagging by
Facebook, twitter, use tags that start with the pound sign #, referred to as hashtag
• Rich User Experience- content is dynamic and is responsive to user’s input
• User Participation- The owner of the website is not the only one who is able to put content. Others are able to
place a content of their own by means of comments, reviews, and evaluation e.g lazada.com, amazon.com
• Long Tail- services that are offered on demand rather than on a one-time purchase. This is synonymous to
subscribing to a data plan that charges you for the amount of time you spent in the Internet, or a data plan that
charges you for the amount of bandwidth you used.
• Software as a Service- users will be subscribe to a software only when needed rather than purchasing them e.g
Google docs used to create and edit word processing and spread sheet
• Mass Participation- diverse information sharing through universal web access. Web 2.0’s content is based on
people from various cultures

Web 3.0 and Semantic Web

• Semantic Web is a movement led by the World Web Consortium(W3C).
• The W3C standard encourages web developers to include semantic content in their web pages.
• Semantic web is a component of Web 3.0
• Semantic web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application,
enterprise, and community boundaries.
• The aim of web 3.0 is to have is to have machines or servers understand the user’s preferences to be able to deliver
web content specifically targeting the user.

Problems with Web 3.0

• Compatibility
• Security
• Vastness
• Vagueness
• Logic

Trends in ICT
1. Convergence - is the synergy of technological advancements to work on a similar goal or task
2. Social media - is a website, application, or online channel that enables web users to create, co-create, discuss,
modify, and exchange user-generated content.
Types of Social Media:
a. Social Networks- these are sites that allow you to connect with other people with the same interests or
background. Example: Facebook
b. Bookmarking Sites- these are sites that allow you to store and manage links to various websites and
resources. Example: Pinterest
c. Social news- these are sites that allow users to post their own news items or links to other news sources.
The users can also comment on the post and comments may also be ranked. Example: Reddit
d. Media Sharing- these are sites that allow you to upload and share media content like images, music, and
video. Example: YouTube, Instagram
e. Microblogging- these are sites that focus on short updates from the user. Those subscribed to the user
will be able to receive these updates. Example: Twitter
f. Blogs and Forums- these websites allow users to post their content. Other users are able to comment on
the said topic. Example: Tumblr
3. Mobile Technologies- popularity of smartphones and tablets. Latest mobile devices use 4G Networking LTE,
which is currently the fastest mobile network. Mobile devices use different operating systems.
a. iOS – used in Apple devices
b. Android – developed by Google.
c. Blackberry OS – used in Blackberry Devices
d. Windows Phone OS – developed by Microsoft.
e. Symbian – original mobile phone OS used by Nokia phone.
f. WebOS – OS used by smart TVs.
4. Assistive Media- is a nonprofit service designed to help people who have visual and reading impartments. A
database of audio recordings is used to read to the user.