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NOTRE DAME OF TACURONG COLLEGE Earth and Life Science

Senior High School Department Pre-Midterm – 1st Semester


Tacurong City HUMSS11 (N205, N206, N207,
Q201, Q206, Q207, Q208)
July 18 - 19, 2019 Ms. Argeena A. Agao-Agao

Name: _____________________________________ Date: ________________

Grade and Section: ___________________________ Score: _______________

Direction: Read the instructions in each part. Cheating is not allowed.

I. MULTIPLE CHOICES: Write the letter of your answer on the space before the number. [1pt. each]

_______ 1. What are the two elements formed during The Big Bang expansion?
a. Lithium and Carbon c. Helium and Chlorine
b. Hydrogen and Neon d. Helium and Hydrogen

_______ 2. How old is our universe based on The Big Bang Theory?
a. ~13.8 thousand years c. ~13.8 billion years
b. ~13.8 million years d. ~13.8 trillion years

_______ 3. During the radiation era, at what epoch did the universe expanded rapidly?
a. Inflationary c. Quark
b. Grand Unification d. Stellar

_______ 4. What are the four innermost planets of the solar system called based on their solid
surfaces?
a. Gas Giants c. Jovian Planets
b. Ice Giants d. Terrestrial Planets

_______ 5. On which layer of the atmosphere where most of the clouds are formed?
a. Mesosphere c. Thermosphere
b. Stratosphere d. Troposphere

_______ 6. On which layer of the atmosphere where the temperature is lowest?


a. Mesosphere c. Thermosphere
b. Stratosphere d. Troposphere

_______ 7. The maximum concentrations of the ozone are found in the ______.
a. Mesosphere c. Thermosphere
b. Stratosphere d. Troposphere

_______ 8. A volcano erupts adding carbon dioxide to the air are interactions between the
______.
a. atmosphere and biosphere c. atmosphere and geosphere
b. hydrosphere and geosphere d. hydrosphere and biosphere

_______ 9. Water availability impacts plant growth and animals who depend on plants for food
are interaction between the ______.
a. atmosphere and biosphere c. atmosphere and geosphere
b. hydrosphere and geosphere d. hydrosphere and biosphere

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_______ 10. The survival of organisms is impacted by the air temperature are interactions
between the _______.
a. atmosphere and biosphere c. atmosphere and geosphere
b. hydrosphere and geosphere d. hydrosphere and biosphere

_______ 11. Flooding moves soil and rock to new places are interactions between the ______.
a. atmosphere and biosphere c. atmosphere and geosphere
b. hydrosphere and geosphere d. hydrosphere and biosphere

_______ 12. Luster is _____.


a. the weight of a mineral
b. the way light reflects off of a mineral’s surface
c. the way light reflects off of a rock’s surface
d. the color left after a mineral is scratched

_______ 13. The word “metamorphism” means _____.


a. produced by heat c. made of living matter
b. very old d. change of form

_______ 14. Rocks that form when sediments are passed and cemented together are called
_____.
a. Sedimentary Rock c. Igneous Rock
b. Metamorphic Rock d. Extrusive Rock

_______ 15. What is the ratio of a mineral’s weight compared with the weight of an equal volume
of water called?
a. Specific Weight c. Specific Gravity
b. Specific Mass d. Specific Volume

_______ 16. What is the physical property of minerals that break along smooth, flat surfaces
called?
a. Cleavage c. Hardness
b. Streak d. Fracture

_______ 17. Which of the following minerals is ranked highest on the Moh’s Hardness Scale?
a. Talc c. Quartz
b. Finger nail d. Diamond

_______ 18. Fossils are often found in this rock.


a. Sedimentary Rock c. Igneous Rock
b. Metamorphic Rock d. Extrusive Rock

_______ 19. This rock is formed from lava and most likely found near a volcano.
a. Sedimentary Rock c. Igneous Rock
b. Metamorphic Rock d. Foliated Rock

_______ 20. Which of the following are exogenic processes?


i. Weathering
ii. Mass wasting
iii. Deposition
iv. Erosion
v. Diastrophism

a. i, ii, iii, iv b. i, iii, iv, v c. i, ii, iv, v d. ii, iii, iv, v

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II. TRUE OF FALSE: Write TRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE if the statement is wrong.
[1pt. each]

_______ 1. Astronauts weigh the same on other planets as they do on Earth.


_______ 2. Mercury is the planet closest to the Sun.
_______ 3. There are no planets beyond our Solar System.
_______ 4. The Sun is a star.
_______ 5. Gravity keeps us from flying off into space.
_______ 6. A moon is larger than the planet it revolves around.
_______ 7. Planck epoch was the earliest known period of the universe.
_______ 8. The Big Bang Theory states that the universe began from the expansion of an
infinitely dense point called singularity.
_______ 9. The Oscillating Universe Theory proposed that the universe has always been the
same.
_______ 10. The crust is the thickest layer of the Earth.
_______ 11. The asthenosphere is entirely within the upper mantle.
_______ 12. The outer core is a molten liquid.
_______ 13. The lithosphere is found below the asthenosphere.
_______ 14. The upper mantle forms the outermost compositional layer of the solid Earth.
_______ 15. The nitrogen in the air is part of the atmosphere.

III. DIAGRAM: Answer the following questions below. [5pts. each]

1. According to the rock cycle model, can a sedimentary rock be transformed directly into an
igneous rock? Why or why not?
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2. Discuss how a metamorphic rock could become a sedimentary rock.
________________________________________________________________________________
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IV. ESSAY: What are the differences between endogenic and exogenic processes? Explain. [10pts]

“When you want something, all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.”

-Paulo Coelho

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