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RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.

0 MTR HEIGHT INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE


(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.1 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.1 Vazrani and Ratwani)
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2

INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL θ 30 DEG Medium Clay


INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m3
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 10 DEG

INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION µ 0.45


COS C 0.985
COS θ 0.866
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.350 0.334
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.859
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 3.00 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.93 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 0.75 1.20 mtr 1.20
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 4.20 mtr
CONST α 0.098
Toe Length TL 0.75 mtr 0.75
Heel Length HL 2.60 mtr
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) Bm 2.23 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B B 3.75 mtr 3.75
INPUT SURCHARGE ps ps 2.00 KN/m

BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 350 280 mm 210


INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 280 mm 0
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 420 350 mm 280
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 400 mm 400
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 200 mm 0

CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE


WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 26.25 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL RECTANGLE PART W2 19.60 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL TRIANGLE PART W3 9.80 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W4 184.19 KN/m
WT/ AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN W5 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE W 239.84 KN/m
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 48.37 KN/m
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 15.37 KN/m
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE V 63.73 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 X1 1.88 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 0.85 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 0.63 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X4 2.66 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X5 0.85 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP Y1 1.31 mtr
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP Y2 1.96 mtr
DIST OF ΣVERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 2.34 mtr
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 248.17 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 1.89 m
ECCENTRICITY e FROM CETRE OF BASE SLAB 0.01 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 0 65.29 KN/m2 150
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 0 62.62 KN/m2 150
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 64.76 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL FACE OF VER STEM 64.47 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 6.34
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.69

DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN


INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 0 mm 0
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 0 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 0 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB


DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 205 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 0.75 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 7.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 24.48 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 47.44 KN

DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 24.48 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 84 mm 195
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 10 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 280 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.61

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.61 0.175 350 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 410 Sqmm


Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 420 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 11200 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 420 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 180 mm 10

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 336 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
420 Sqmm
INPUT Use 10 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 10

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 280 mm
Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 180 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 47.44 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.22 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.344 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 280 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.344 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.24 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe

DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 2.60 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 63.55 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 70.56 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 7.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 47.36 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 50.44 KN

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 47.36 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 117 mm 195
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 280 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.18

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


1.18 0.348 697 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 410 Sqmm


Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 420 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 11200 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 697 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 336 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
420 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 260 mm 12


DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 280 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 50.44 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 280 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.423 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.25 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe

DESIGN OF STEM WALL


SPAN OF WALL L3 3.80 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 116.46 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 63.73 KN

DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 116.46 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 184 mm 313
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 320 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 400 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.14

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


1.14 0.333 1068 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 655 Sqmm


Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 600 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16000 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 1068 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 100 mm 12

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 480 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
600 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12

CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.1 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 534 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 20
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 200 mm 12

DISTRIBUTION STEEL

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.1 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 600 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 16
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 320 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 400 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 100 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 63.73 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 400 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.423 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.20 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe


T INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
BASE OF FOOTING)
1 Vazrani and Ratwani)

Soil Ws KN/Sqm θ Rg θ Mean µ β Fr bet soil & wall


Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))) = ((1-SIN(θ))/(1+SIN(θ))^2
1/ka

h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin θ /1+sin θ )^2


DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
α= 1- q0/(2γH) α=TOE WIDTH/BASE WIDTH
αBm
B- αBm-T1
H*(Sqrt((1-sino/1+sino)/(1-k * (3*k+1)))*H Vaz Rat Page 437
GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE

D=Ht/12 to Ht/20
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 H=
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 3000
Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*25
W2=(T1)*(H-D)*25
W3=(T2-T1)/2*(H-D)*25
W4=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA* EXIST. GL
AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN IN LINE WITH RETAING WALL
W=W1+W2+W3+W4
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht NAME FORCE LVR ARM MOM @ Toe h=
W1 26.25 1.88 49.22
X1=B/2 W2 19.60 0.85 16.66
ALPHA*B+T1/2 W3 9.80 0.63 6.22
ALPHA*B+T1+(T2-T1)/3 W4 184.19 2.66 489.76 1200
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 W5 0.00 0.85 0.00 D=
W 239.84 2.34 561.86 280
Y1=Ht/3 Ph 48.37 1.31 63.20
Y2=Ht/2 Pv 15.37 1.96 30.12
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V ) V 63.73 1.46 93.32 10 # @
R 248.17 1.89 468.54 180 mm c/c
R=V*V+H*H
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R 10 # @
e=X-B/2 (- SIGN FOR RESULTANT F CHECK Pmax < SBC 180 mm c/c
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B)
CHECK FOS>1.5 750
CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2)
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps)
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLI

FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2


THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd β SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d H=
415 0.48 d 3.00
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949 EXIST. GL
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547 h=
TOE
1.20 0.75
D=
0.28

3.75

mm Dia
SBC 65.29
mm Dia 150

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.22 13.30 0.344

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

HL
Wp=(P2+P4)/2
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L3=Ht-D
Mw=Ph* HtL3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
2 KN/M SURCHARGE
M MADE UP GL

t= 200
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

12 # @
200 mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
12 # @
180 mm c/c

12 # @
100 mm c/c

12 #@
1960 100 mm c/c
12 #@
180 mm c/c
12 # @
160 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)

528
12 # @
0.00 260 mm c/c
10 # @
0 mm c/c
0
IST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
750 400 2600

B= 3750

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES

2 KN/M SURCHARGE
M MADE UP GL
W5
0.00

t= 0.20
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H= Ps
15.37
Ph
48.37

W2
19.60

W3 W4
9.80 184.19

R
TOE 0.01 HEEL
0.75 0.40 2.60

W1
26.25
3.75

64.76 64.47 62.62


RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT AND CLOLUMNS IN LINE
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 14.1 Dhayaratnam& Ex 19.3 AK Jain)
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2

INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL θ 35 DEG Medium Clay


INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 17 KN/m2
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG

INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION µ 0.45


COS C 1
COS θ 0.819
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.271
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 3.687
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 3 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.87 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 0.75 1.80 mtr 1.80
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 4.80 mtr
CONST α(Select FACTOR αb from the range ) = 0.740 0.740 0.851

CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 2.00 mtr


INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 4.60 mtr 4.60
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m

BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 320 mm


INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 320 mm 0
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 400 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 400 mm 0
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 200 mm 0

CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE


WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 36.80 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL W2 33.60 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W3 259.18 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE V 329.58 KN/m

HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 46.27 KN/m


HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 46.27 KN/m

DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 2.30 mtr


DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 1.00 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 2.90 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP 1.49 mtr
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP 2.24 mtr
DIST OF ΣVERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 2.64 mtr

CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 332.82 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 2.40 m
ECCENTRICITY e 0.10 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 81.42 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 61.88 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 78.03 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 12.58
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 3.21
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1000 mm 1000
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1200 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 160 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB


DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 245 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 0.80 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 8.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 34.16 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 59.37 KN

DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 34.16 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 100 mm 232
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 240 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 325 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.59

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.59 0.169 406 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 491.57 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 13000 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 492 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 400 mm 16

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 390 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
487.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 410 mm 16

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 240 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 325 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 400 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 59.37 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.21 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.338 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 325 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.338 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.25 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe

DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 3.40 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 76 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 76 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 8 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 266 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 218.22 KN

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 266.33 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 278 mm 232
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 280 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 365 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.40

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


3.40 1.167 3268 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 573.49 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 14600 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 3268 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 60 mm 16

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 438 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
547.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 360 mm 16

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR


Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 280 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 365 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 60 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 218.22 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.20 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.685 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 365 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.685 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.78 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Un safe

DESIGN OF STEM WALL


SPAN OF WALL L3 4.40 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 103.63 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 46.27 KN

DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 103.63 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 173 mm 309
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 310 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 395 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.08

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


1.08 0.315 978 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 634.94 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 15800 Sqmm


Provide Area of Tension Steel 978 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 200 mm 16

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 474 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
592.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 330 mm 16

CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.4 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 489 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm 20
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 400 mm 16

DISTRIBUTION STEEL

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.4 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 592.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm 16
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 330 mm 16

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 310 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 395 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 200 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 46.27 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.32 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.408 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 395 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.408 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.15 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe


GHT AND CLOLUMNS IN LINE
BASE OF FOOTING)
am& Ex 19.3 AK Jain)

Soil Ws KN/Sqm θ Rg θ Mean µ β Fr bet soil & wall


Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))) = ((1-SIN(θ))/(1+SIN(θ))^2

h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin θ /1+sin θ )^2


DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
α=0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1) TO 0.45*(SQRT(α=HEEL WIDTH/BASE WIDTH

B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/(α(1-0.55*α))
GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE

D=Ht/12 to Ht/20
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 H=
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 3000
Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*25
W2=(T1+T2)/2*(H-D)*25
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
W=W1+W2+W3 EXIST. GL

P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht
h=

X1=B/2
X2=B-ALPHA*B-T1/2
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 1800
Y1=Ht/3 D=
Y2=Ht/2 320
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V )

16 # @
R=V*V+H*H 410 mm c/c
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2 16 # @
Pmax=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC 400 mm c/c
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)

FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5 800


FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILL


FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd β SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.21 13.85 0.338

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
1.20 2.42 0.685

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L3=Ht-D
Mw=Ph* HtL3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.32 8.95 0.408

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
0 KN/M SURCHARGE
M MADE UP GL

t= 200
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

16 # @
400 mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
16 # @
330 mm c/c

16 # @
200 mm c/c

16 #@
2240 200 mm c/c
16 #@
330 mm c/c
16 # @
60 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)

704
16 # @
0.00 360 mm c/c
16 # @
160 mm c/c
1000
IST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
800 400 3400

B= 4600

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES


RCC COUNTERFORT RETAINING WALL (HT ABOVE 6 MTR) INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.4 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.5 Vazrani and Ratwani)
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2

INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL θ 30 DEG Medium Clay


INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 16 KN/m3
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 15 DEG
INPUT CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L 3.24 3.00 mtr 3.00
INPUT THICKNESS OF COUNTERFORT Tc 0.30 mtr 0.30
C/C SPACING OF COUNTERFORT Lc 3.30 mtr
INPUT BASE WIDTH OF FRONT COUNTERFORT B2 1.25 mtr
INPUT HT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT ABOVE BASE SLAB 3.00 mtr

INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION µ 0.6


COS C 0.966
COS θ 0.866
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.373 0.334
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.680
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 6.00 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 1.39 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 1.5 1.50 mtr 1.50
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 7.50 mtr
CONST α 0.242

Toe Length TL 0.90 1.25 mtr 1.25


Heel Length HL 3.25 mtr
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) Bm 3.72 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B B 4.75 mtr 4.75
BASE WIDTH OF REAR COUNTERFORT B1 3.25 mtr
INPUT SURCHARGE ps ps 2.00 KN/m

BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 409 mm


INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 409 mm 400
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 250 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 250 mm 0
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 250 250 mm 0

CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE


WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 48.53 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL RECTANGLE PART W2 44.32 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL TRIANGLE PART W3 0.00 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W4 371.05 KN/m
WT/ AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN W5 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE W 463.90 KN/m
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 150.12 KN/m
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 50.29 KN/m
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE V 200.41 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 X1 2.38 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 1.38 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 1.40 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X4 3.33 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X5 1.38 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP Y1 2.36 mtr
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP Y2 3.55 mtr
DIST OF ΣVERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 3.04 mtr

CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 505.34 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 1.74 m
ECCENTRICITY e FROM CETRE OF BASE SLAB -0.64 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 0 18.78 KN/m2 200
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 0 176.54 KN/m2 200
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 60.30 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL FACE OF VER STEM 68.60 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 2.75
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.39

DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN


INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 910 mm 0
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1092 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 70 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB


DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 334 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 1.25 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 10.22 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE BOTTOM NEAR COUNTERFORT EDGE Mt 56.34 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 154.35 KN

DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 56.34 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 128 mm 324
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 330 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 10 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 410 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.52

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.52 0.147 485 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 675.90 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16400 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 676 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 110 mm 10

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 492 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
615 Sqmm
INPUT Use 10 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 120 mm 10

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 330 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 410 mm
Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 110 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 154.35 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.22 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.342 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 410 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.342 N/ Sqmm


Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.47 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Un safe


Design of Stirrups
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Effective Depth of Beam 330 mm
Over all Depth of Beam 410 mm
Width of Beam 1000 mm
Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu 154.35 KN

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 41336 N


INPUT Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 4 Nos
Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 452.57 mm
RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 1300 mm 420
Check for Spacing OK Min Spacing is 100 mm for p
Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy 404.82 Sqmm
Check for min Shear rft Area OK If NOT OK then Increase the

DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 3.25 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 68.60 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W4 113.46 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W1a 10.22 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL TOP at Counterfort Mh 61.96 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 123.92 KN

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 61.96 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 134 mm 324
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 330 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 410 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.57

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.57 0.162 535 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 675.90 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16400 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 676 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 492 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
615 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 330 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 410 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 123.92 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.21 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.341 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 410 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.341 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.38 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Un safe


Design of Stirrups
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Effective Depth of Beam 330 mm
Over all Depth of Beam 410 mm
Width of Beam 1000 mm
Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu 123.92 KN

Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 11399 N


INPUT Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 2 Nos
Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 157.14 mm
RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 1640 mm 420
Check for Spacing OK Min Spacing is 100 mm for p
Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy 404.82 Sqmm
Check for min Shear rft Area NOT OK If NOT OK then Increase the

DESIGN OF STEM WALL


SPAN / HT OF STEM WALL L3 7.09 M
HORIZONTAL PRESSURE ON STEM WALL Ph 40.90 KN/m2
CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L L 3.00 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw Mw 46.01 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax V 61.35 KN

DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 46.01 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 116 mm 200
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 40 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 245 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.15

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


1.15 0.337 675 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 409.64 Sqmm


Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 9800 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 675 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 294 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
367.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 300 mm 12

CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 3.75 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 337.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 20
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 320 mm 12

DISTRIBUTION STEEL

DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 3.75 Mtr


AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 367.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 16
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

Spacing of Distribution Bars 300 mm 12

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 245 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 61.35 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 245 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.466 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.31 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe

DESIGN OF FRONT COUNTER FORT (OVER TOE) TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Length of Front Counter Fort 1.25 Mtr
Earth Pressure at tip of Counter Fort w1 18.78 KN/Sqm
Earth Pressure at Stem of Counter Fort w3 60.30 KN/Sqm
Ht of Front Counterfort Above Base Slab 3.00 Mtr
C/C dist between Counter Fort 3.30 Mtr
Max BM due to Earth Pressure 101.94 KN M 84.10 101.94
Max SF due to Earth Pressure 163.11 KN

Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 101.94 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 314 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 320 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 380 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.32

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


3.32 1.132 1087 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 196.63 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 4560 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 1087 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT No of Main Bars 6 Nos 16


Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 456 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
570 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 350 mm 16

INPUT Provided Depth of Front Counter Fort 1250 mm 1250


Shear Force at d away from Stem

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR FRONT COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 320 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 380 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
No of Bars 6 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 163.11 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.26 %


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.697 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 380 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.697 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.51 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe


Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem

DESIGN OF REAR COUNTER FORT (OVER HEEL) TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Height of Front Counter Fort 7.50 Mtr
Base Widh of Front Counter Fort 3.25 Mtr
Inclination of Counter Fort θ= 0.4089 Radian 23.43 Degree
Ht of Earth Filling Above GL 7.09 Mtr
Max BM = wh^3*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/6 950.96 KN m
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/2 402.30 KN
Effective depth d= h*sin θ-cover 2,902 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 950.96 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 959 mm 1200
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 20 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1260 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 2.20

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


2.20 0.688 2479 Sqmm

Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 2479 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 314.29 Sqmm 20

RESULT No of Main Bars 8 Nos 20

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1512 Sqmm

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1890 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm 16

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR


SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/2 402.30 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan θ/d' 87.21 KN

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1260 mm
Dia of Shear rft 20 mm
Area of One Bar 314.29 Sqmm
No of Bars 8 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 87.21 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.70 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.559 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1260 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.559 N/ Sqmm

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.07 N/ Sqmm

Shear Check Safe


Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem
NCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
BASE OF FOOTING)
5 Vazrani and Ratwani)

Soil Ws KN/Sqm θ Rg θ Mean µ β Fr bet soil & wall


Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18

D=22*(H/γ)^(1/4)
T= H/10

B1=(B-Tc)/2

H=
0

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))) = ((1-SIN(θ))/(1+SIN(θ))^2
1/ka

h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin θ /1+sin θ )^2


DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN EXIST. GL
Ht=H+DEPTH
α= 1- q0/(2γH) α=TOE WIDTH/BASE WIDTH

αBm h=
B- αBm-T1
H*(Sqrt((1-sino/1+sino)/(1-k * (3*k+1)))*H Vaz Rat Page 437
GENERALLY B=0.5H TO 0.6H AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN) REF PUNMIA PP 857
B1=(B-Tc)/2, Alpha*B,F32) #VALUE!
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE D=
0
D=40*L*H^0.5+80
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 0 #@
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 0 mm c/c
Th at Top T2 = T1 /2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP
25 # @
0 mm c/c
W1=B*D*25 (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
W2=(T1)*(H-D)*25
W3=(T2-T1)/2*(H-D)*25 #VALUE!
W4=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN IN LINE WITH RETAING WALL
W=W1+W2+W3+W4
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2 NAME FORCE LVR ARM MOM @ Toe ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLI
Ps=ps*Ht W1 48.53 2.38 115.25
W2 44.32 1.38 60.94
X1=B/2 W3 0.00 1.40 0.00
ALPHA*B+T1/2 W4 371.05 3.33 1234.04
ALPHA*B+T1+(T2-T1)/3 W5 0.00 1.38 0.00
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 W 463.90 3.04 1410.22
Ph 150.12 2.36 354.86
Y1=Ht/3 Ps 50.29 3.55 178.30
Y2=Ht/2 V 200.41 2.66 533.16
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V ) R 505.34 1.74 877.06

R=V*V+H*H
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2 (- SIGN FOR RESULTANT F CHECK Pmax < SBC
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B)
CHECK FOS>1.5
CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2)
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps)

FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2


THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd β SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d H=
415 0.48 d 6.00
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949 EXIST. GL
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547 h=

TOE
1.50 1.25
D=
0.41

4.75

mm Dia
SBC 18.78
mm Dia 200

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.22 13.41 0.342

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

12 mm Dia 4 Legs
Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

HL
Wp=(P2+P4)/2
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=Pheel/2*clear width of counterfort*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.21 13.55 0.341

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
10 mm Dia 2 Legs
Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm

If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs

L3=Ht-D
Ka *γ* H *Cos c

Mw=Ph* L^2/8
V=Ph*L/2

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423
N/ Sqmm
1.10 Value of K
1.10 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

mm Dia

mm Dia
ars as distribution Rft
mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
1.26 2.31 0.697

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

mm Dia

mm Dia

ars as distribution Rft


mm Dia

mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.70 4.16 0.559

N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
mm KN/M SURCHARGE
M MADE UP GL

t= 0
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

0 #@
0 mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
0 #@
0 mm c/c

0 #@
0 mm c/c

0 #@
#VALUE! 0 mm c/c
0 #@
0 mm c/c
0 #@
0 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)

0 #@
mm 0 mm c/c
mm #@
Sqmm mm c/c
0
IST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
#VALUE! 0 #VALUE!

B= #VALUE!

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES


2.00 KN/M SURCHARGE
M MADE UP GL
W5
0.00

t= 250
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H= Ps
50.29
Ph
150.12
W2
44.32

W3 W4
0.00 371.05

ecc=
TOE -0.64 HEEL
1.25 0.25 3.25

W1
48.53
4.75

60.30 68.60 176.54


0 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL

t= 0
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C

0 #@
0 mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
0 0 #@
0 mm c/c

0 #@
0 mm c/c

0 #@
EXIST. GL 0 0 mm c/c
0 #@
0 mm c/c
0 #@
h= 0 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSUR

0
D= 0
0

0 #@ 0 #@
0 mm c/c 0.00 0 mm c/c
0 #@
0 #@ 0 mm c/c
0 mm c/c 0
(TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
0 0 0
B= 0

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES


MADE UP GL

IST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)


COUNTERFORT RCC RETAINING WALL
(Ex 14.5 Dhayaratnam, Ex 12.4 Vazirani and Ratwa

INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2

INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL θ 30 DEG


INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 20 KN/m2
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
INPUT CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L 3.00 mtr
INPUT THICKNESS OF COUNTERFORT Tc 0.30 mtr
C/C SPACING OF COUNTERFORT Lc 3.30 mtr
INPUT BASE WIDTH OF FRONT COUNTERFORT B2 2.30 mtr
INPUT HT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT ABOVE BASE SLAB 3.00 mtr

INPUT COEFF OF FRICTION µ 0.55


COS C 1
COS θ 0.866
COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.334
COEFFT Of PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.998
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 7.5 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 1.11 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D 1.50 mtr
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 9.00 mtr
CONST (Select FACTOR αb from the range ) α= 0.427 0.427

CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 5.00 mtr


INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 5.00 mtr
BASE WIDTH OF REAR COUNTERFORT B1 2.40 mtr
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m

BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 450 mm


INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 450 mm
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 300 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 300 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 150 mm

CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE


WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 185.63 KN
WT OF STEM/ WALL W2 158.71 KN
WT OF REAR COUNTERFORT Wcf1 76.95 KN
WT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT Wcf2 25.88 KN
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W3 1231.20 KN
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE V OVER C/C CF DIST 1678.36 KN

HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 731.47 KN


HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 731.47

DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE TIP X1 2.50 mtr


DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE TIP X2 2.45 mtr
DISTANCE OF Wcf1 FROM TOE TIP Xcf1 3.40 mtr
DISTANCE OF Wcf2 FROM TOE TIP Xcf2 1.53 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE TIP X3 3.40 mtr
TOTAL MOMENT DUE TO VERT FORCE @ TOE TIP 5340.29 KN-mtr

DIST OF RESULTANT VERT FORCE FROM TOE TIP 3.18 mtr

HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 731.47 KN


HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 731.47

VERT HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 ABOVE BASE SLAB 2.85 mtr


VERT HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 ABOVE BASE SLAB 4.28 mtr
TOTAL MOMENT DUE TO HORI FORCE @ WALL BOTTO 2084.70 KN-mtr

NET MOMENT ABOUT TOE 3255.59 KN-mtr

CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE


Co eff = (base*c/c butress dist/2) FOR p1 8.25
Co eff = (base*c/c butress dist/2) FOR p2 8.25
DIST FROM TIP OF TOE FOR SOIL REACTION P1 1.67
DIST FROM TIP OF TOE FOR SOIL REACTION P2 3.33
NET SOIL REACTION CO EFF 8.25
NET MOMENT DUE TO SOIL REACTION CO EFF 13.75
SOIL PRESSURE P1 236.77
SOIL PRESSURE P2 33.33
SOIL PRESSURE P3 206.78
SOIL PRESSURE P4 210.24

DIST OF RESULTANT VERT FORCE FROM TOE TIP 3.18 mtr

CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE


RESULTANT FORCES R=SQRT(H^2+V^2) 1830.83 KN
DIST OF RESULTANT FORCE FROM TOE TIP X 1.78 m
ECCENTRICITY e 0.72 m
` MAX PRESSURE Pmax (P1) 128.42 KN/m2
MIN PRESSURE Pmin(P2) 75.02 KN/m2
PRESSURE BELOW LEFT SIDE OF STEM WALL P3 94.48 KN/m2
PRESSURE BELOW RIGHT SIDE OF STEM WALL P4 92.23 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 2.56
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.26
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1110 mm
DEPTH OF KEY 1.05 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1332 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 50 mm

For Toe Slab For Heel Slab For Stem Wall

Length L= 3.00 3.00 3.00


Height h= 2.30 2.40 8.55
h/L ratio 0.767 0.800 2.850
Constants α1 α2
For Toe Slab Copy Values from Table -0.054 -0.044
For Heel Slab Copy Values from Table -0.053 -0.051
For Stem Wall Copy Values from Table
CRITICAL MOMENTS IN TOE, HEAL AND THE STEM WALL SLABS (IN
DUE TO W W*L^2
(KN-M) (KN-M/M)
TOE SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS
UDL -128.42 -1155.75
TRIANGLE 53.40 480.57
TOTAL

HEEL SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS


UDL -100.65 -905.86
TRIANGLE 75.02 675.18
TOTAL

VERTICAL WALL SLAB


TRIANGLE 57.03 513.31

DESIGN OF TOE SLAB


EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 375 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 1.85 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 11.25 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 90.15 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 259.23 KN

DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 90.15 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 162 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 370 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 450 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.66

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.66 0.188 697 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 757.83 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 18000 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 758 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 150 mm

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 540 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
675 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 170 mm

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 370 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 450 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 150 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 259.23 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.334
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 450 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.334

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.70

Shear Check Un safe

DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 2.13 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 98 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 171 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 11 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 73 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 223.47 KN

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 73.37 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 146 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 400 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 455 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.46

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.46 0.130 520 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 819.28 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 18200 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 819 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 140 mm


Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 546 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
682.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 170 mm

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 400 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 455 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 140 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 223.47 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.332
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 455 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.332

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.56

Shear Check Un safe

DESIGN OF STEM WALL


SPAN OF WALL L3 8.70 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 20.53 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 731.47 KN

DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 20.53 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Stem 77 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 600 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem 50 mm
Over all Depth of Stem D 655 mm
Width of Stem considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.06

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


0.06 0.016 96 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 1228.92 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 26200 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 1229 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 90 mm

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 786 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
982.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 8 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 50.29 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 50 mm

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 600 mm
Over all Depth of Stem 655 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 90 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 731.47 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.334
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 655 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.334


Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 1.22

Shear Check Un safe

DESIGN OF FRONT COUNTER FORT TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Length of Front Counter Fort 2.3 Mtr
Earth Pressure at tip of Counter Fort w1 182 KN/Sqm
Earth Pressure at Stem of Counter Fort w3 82.7 KN/Sqm
Ht of Front Counterfort Above Base Slab 1.05 Mtr
C/C dist between Counter Fort 3.30 Mtr
Max BM due to Earth Pressure 1299.67 KN M

Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 1299.67 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 1122 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1130 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 25 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1195 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.39

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


3.39 1.165 3950 Sqmm

Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 694.34 Sqmm

Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 14340 Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 3950 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm

RESULT No of Main Bars 9 Nos

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1434 Sqmm

Check for Min rft OK

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1792.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm

INPUT Provided Depth of Front Counter Fort 1250 mm 1250


Shear Force at d away from Stem

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR


SF/HorizThrust 1004.54 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan θ/d' 479.47 KN

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1130 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1195 mm
Dia of Shear rft 25 mm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
No of Bars 9 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 479.47 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.30


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.707
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1195 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.707

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.42

Shear Check Safe


Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem

DESIGN OF REAR COUNTER FORT TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT


Height of Front Counter Fort 9.00 Mtr
Base Widh of Front Counter Fort 2.30 Mtr
Inclination of Counter Fort θ= 0.2502 Radian 14.34
Ht of Earth Filling Above GL 7.5 Mtr
Max BM = wh^3*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/6 1406.27 KN m
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/2 562.51 KN

Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 1406.27 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 1167 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1170 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 25 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1235 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.42

m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac) At


3.42 1.179 4140 Sqmm

Sqmm

Provide Area of Tension Steel 4140 Sqmm

Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm

RESULT No of Main Bars 9 Nos

Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1482 Sqmm

Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1852.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm

RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm

DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR


SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sinφ)/(1+sinφ)*3/2 562.51 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan θ/d' 264.91 KN

Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1170 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1235 mm
Dia of Shear rft 25 mm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
No of Bars 9 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 264.91 KN

Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.26


(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.698
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1235 mm thick slab, k=

Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.698

Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.23

Shear Check Safe


Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem
FORT RCC RETAINING WALL
hayaratnam, Ex 12.4 Vazirani and Ratwani)

Soil Ws KN/Sqm θ Rg θ Mean µ β Fr bet soil & wall


Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18

0.3 T= H/10

B1=(B-Tc)/2

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos θ^2)))

h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin θ /1+sin θ )^2


1.20 DEPTH=H/3 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.20Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
0.487 α=0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1) TO 0.45*(SQRα=HEEL WIDTH/BASE WIDTH

B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/(α(1-0.55*α))
3.00 GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
2.40 B1=(B-Tc)/2, Alpha*B,F32)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE

T=Ht/20 to H/30
200 BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/30 to H/40
250 WALL THICKNESS AT BOT
125 Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*Lc*25
W2=(T1+T2)/2*(H-D)*Lc*25
Wcf1= Hcf*Tc*B1*25/2
Wcf2= Hcf*Tc*B2*25/2
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
3.30 W=W1+W2+W3

P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2*L
Ps=ps*Ht*L
Th=Ph+Ps

X1=B/2
X2=Bcf2+T1/2
Xcf1=B2+T1+B1/3
Xcf2=B2*2/3
X3=B2+T1+B1/3
Mh=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Wcf1*XCF1+Wcf2*Xcf2+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)

=M/W

P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2*L
Ps=ps*Ht*L
Th=Ph+Ps

Y1=Ht/3
Y2=Ht/2
Mv=P1*Y1+P2*Y2

M=Mh-Mv

R=SQRT(V*V+H*H)
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Wcf1*XCF1+Wcf2*Xcf2+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O

FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5


FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
SHEAR KEY THICK Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1 THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As/bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.51 0.331

α3 α4 β1 β2 β3 β4
0.021 -0.078 -0.026 -0.017 0.008 0.000
0.025 -0.081 -0.020 -0.021 0.010 0.000
-0.029 -0.040 0.021 0.000
HEAL AND THE STEM WALL SLABS (IN KN-M/M)
AT BASE MIDDLE HT MIDDLE POINT TOP
α1 or β1 M1 α2 or β2 M2 α3 or β3 M3 α4 or β4 M4
G TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)
-0.054 62.41 -0.044 50.85 0.021 -24.27 -0.078 90.15
-0.026 -12.49 -0.017 -8.17 0.008 3.84 0.000 0.00
49.92 42.68 -20.43 90.15

NG TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)


-0.053 48.01 -0.051 46.20 0.025 -22.65 -0.081 73.37
-0.020 -13.50 -0.021 -14.18 0.010 6.75 0.000 0.00
34.51 32.02 -15.89 73.37

-0.029 -14.89 -0.040 -20.53 0.021 10.78 0.000 0.00


14.89 20.53 10.78 0.00

d=D-COVER
L1=B-B2-T
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
369 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

12 mm Dia

12 mm Dia

mm Dia bars as distribution Rft


12 mm Dia

12 mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.24 0.334
%

N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm

L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
394 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

12 mm Dia

12 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
12 mm Dia

12 mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.37 0.332
%

N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm

L3=Ht-D
Mw=KaWs L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
600 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

12 mm Dia

12 mm Dia

mm Dia bars as distribution Rft


8 mm Dia

8 mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.17 0.334
%

N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

25 mm Dia

25 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
16 mm Dia

16 mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
1.30 2.23 0.707
%

N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm

Degree

Max Depth of Nutral Axis


fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
0 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Steel
Concrete Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547

25 mm Dia

25 mm Dia

mm Dia bars as distribution Rft


16 mm Dia

16 mm Dia

Max Shear Stress


Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd β SS N/Sqmm
1.26 2.31 0.698
%

N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc
Y Y
FREE EDGE FREE EDGE
α4 β4
4 4
α3 β3
h α2 h β2
3 3
2 2
α1 1 β1 1

w X
L Load L

BM COEFFICIENT OF A PLATE 3 EDGE FIXED AND ONE EDGE FREE


UDL Y=0 Y=h/2 Y=h/2 Y=h TDL Y=0 Y=h/2 Y=h/2
X=0 X=±L/2 X=0 X=±L/2 X=0 X=±L/2 X=0
h/L α1 α2 α3 α4 h/L β1 β2 β3
0.600 -0.055 -0.036 0.017 -0.074 0.600 -0.024 -0.013 0.006
0.700 -0.054 -0.044 0.021 -0.078 0.700 -0.026 -0.017 0.008
0.800 -0.053 -0.051 0.025 -0.081 0.800 -0.020 -0.021 0.010
0.900 -0.052 -0.056 0.029 -0.083 0.900 -0.029 -0.024 0.012
1.000 -0.051 -0.061 0.032 -0.083 1.000 -0.030 -0.027 0.013
1.250 -0.047 -0.071 0.037 -0.083 1.250 -0.031 -0.033 0.017
1.500 -0.042 -0.075 0.040 -0.083 1.500 -0.029 -0.034 0.019

2.000 -0.040 -0.083 0.041 -0.083 2.000 -0.029 -0.040 0.021


<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
w X
Load

Y=h
X=±L/2
β4
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MA
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS ABOVE BASE OF FO
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE f ck 30 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 0 36 DEG
INPUT SUBMERGED DENSITY OF SOIL Wsub 18 Kn/m3
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m3
INPUT SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION u 0.5
COS C 1
COS 0 0.80920418
INPUT COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.260
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 5 mtr
INPUT HT OF WATER TABLE FROM TOP OF FILL H1 1 mtr
INPUT HT OFSUBMERGED EARTH H2 5.25
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.56 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN 1.25 mtr DEPTH=H/3 AND NOT LESS THA
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht 6.25 mtr
RATIO ALPHA AS PER FORMULAE 0.370
BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 2.93 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 5.00 mtr GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT L
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m

BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 521 mm


INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 550 mm
WALL THICK T(MIN) 625 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK T 650 mm
CHECK FOR SBC
WT OF BASE SLAB W1 68.75 KN/m
WT OF STEM WALL W2 92.63 KN/m
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL 303.25 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING FORCE W 464.62 KN/m
SAT SOIL PRESSURE P1 4.68 KN/m
SUB SOIL PRESSURE P2 224.20 KN/m
VERTICAL COMP OF EARTH PRESSURE 0.00 KN/m THIS IS STABLISING COMPONE
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE P 228.88 KN/m
SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM HEEL X1 2.50 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM HEEL X2 2.17 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM HEEL X3 0.92 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE P1 FROM HEEL 5.58 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE P2 FROM HEEL 1.85 mtr
HT OFSUR FORCE Y2 FROM HEEL 3.13 mtr
DIST OF VERT REACTION FROM HEEL 1.41 mtr
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 517.94 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM HEEL X 2.11 mtr
ECCENTRICITY e -0.39 m
MAX PRESSURE Pmax 49.59 KN/m2
MIN PRESSURE Pmin 136.26 KN/m2

FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 3.79


FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.02
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
0R INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.29 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1184 mm
DEPTH OF KEY 1.25 m
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 50 mm
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1421 mm2
DESIGN OF BASE SLAB
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 475 mm
SPAN 0F TOE L1 2.50 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 13.75 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 168.11 KN-m
DEPTH OF SLAB REQD d1 202 mm
PROVIDE DEPTH 475 mm
Mu/fck*bd*d 0.745
INPUT PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.4
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 1900 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 106 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 570 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 198 mm

CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS


SHEAR FORCE Vmax 108.91 KN
NOMINA SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.23 N/mm2

DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 1.85 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 104 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 303 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 14 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 364 KN-m
DEPTH REQD d3 296 mm
PROVIDE DEPTH 475 mm
Mh/b*d*d 1.61
INPUT PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.6
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 2850 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 20 mm2
SPACING OF BARS 110 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 570 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 198 mm

CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS


SHEAR FORCE Vmax 438.57 KN
NOMINA SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.92 N/mm2

DESIGN OF STEM WALL


SPAN OF WALL L3 5.60 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 652.30 KN-m
DEPTH REQD d3 397 mm
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH 600.00 mm
Mh/b*d*d 1.81
PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.3
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 1800 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 112 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 720 mm2
PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 157 mm

CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS


SHEAR FORCE Vmax 228.88 KN

INPUT NOMINAL SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.38 N/mm2


L(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT RESULT VALUES
BLE IS ABOVE BASE OF FOOTING)

Ka=COS C-(COS c-SQRT(COS c^2-COS o^2)/COS c+SQRT(COS c^2-COS o^2)

H1
H2=Ht-H1
h=SBC*Ka*Ka/Ws
H=H/3 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
ALPHA=HEEL WIDTH/BASE WWIDTH=0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1)
B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/(ALPHA(1-0.55*ALPHA))
RALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN) BASE WIDTH
GIVE VALUE=0 IF NO SURCHARGE IS THERE

D=Ht/12
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT
WALL THICKNESS AT TOP
W1=B*D*25
W2=T*(H-D)*25
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
W=W1+W2+W3
P1=Ka*Ws*H1^2/2

S STABLISING COMPONENT AND IS GENERALLY NEGLECTED


P=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht
X1=B/2
X2=B-ALPHA*B-T/2
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2
Y1=Ht/3

Y2=Ht/2

R=V*V+H*H
X=W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3-P*Y1+Ps*Y2/R H=
e=X-B/2 5000
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O

FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5


FOS=u*W/(P+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5

EXIST. GL

FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2


THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK
h=

1250
D=
550
d=D-COVER
L1=B-B2-T 12 # @
W4=D*25 190 mm c/c
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
d1=SQRT(Mt/0.138*fck*1000)
d=D-COVER

p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100 2510
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA TOE REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)

USE 8,10.12MM dia TOE REFT ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIM

V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Tv=V/b*d CHECK Tv<Tc

L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2

p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA HEEL REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)

USE 8,10.12MM dia HEEL REFT


V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Tv=V/b*d CHECK Tv<Tc

L3=Ht-D
Mw=KaWs L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2

p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA WALL REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)

USE 8,10.12MM dia WALL REFT

V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5

Tv=V/b*d

WALL REFT
25 30
3.1 3.5

200 175 <151


1.20 1.25 1.30
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL

t=
325 ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C

16 # @

220 mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
12 # @
310 mm c/c

12 # @
310 mm c/c

16 #@
2850 220 mm c/c
12 #@
150 mm c/c
20 # @
110 mm c/c

704

16 # @
100 mm c/c
1.25 10 #@
50 mm c/c
1180

T=
650 1840

B= 5000

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES


35 40
3.7 4.0
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL

t=
0 ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C
0
0

EARTH FILLING SIDE


H=
0 0
0

0
0

0
0 0
0
0

#@
mm c/c
0 0
0
0

T=
0 0 0

B= 0

ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES


25 30 35
3.1 3.5 3.7

200 175 <151


1.20 1.25 1.30
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL

ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C
#@
mm c/c

EARTH FILLING SIDE

#@
mm c/c

#@
mm c/c

#@
mm c/c
#@
mm c/c
0 #@ #@
0 mm c/c mm c/c

0 #@ #@
0 mm c/c mm c/c
#@
mm c/c
40
4.0
MASONRY RETAINING WALL(GRAVITY TYPE)
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
INPUT DATAS
DENSITY OF MASONRY Ww 22 KN/m3
PERMISSIBLE COMPRESSIVE STRESS 0.3 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL Ø 33 DEG
BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m2
INPUT SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
COEFFT OF FRICTION u 0.45
COS C 1
COS 0 0.839
COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.295
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 4.5 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.73 mtr h=SBC*Ka*Ka/Ws
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN 1.00 mtr
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht 5.50 mtr
INPUT TOP WIDTH b 0.60 mtr Min b=0.6 mtr
MAX TOE PRSSURE P 53.76 KN/m2
CHECK P/H (CPH) 1195 PRESSURE/HEIGHT
DENSITY RATIO OF WALL/SOIL (DR) 1.22
INPUT BASE WIDTH/HEIGHT RATIO K 0.53 SELECT B/H RATIO FROM TABLE BASED ON CPH & DR
BASE WIDTH OF WALL 2.385 mtr

THETHA 11
0.194 0.191
0.195
Angle of repose Base width B
Type-I Type-II Type-III
K=1.0 Commonly Used

20° 0.68h 0.65h 0.73h


27° 0.57h 0.55h 0.62h

33° 0.48h 0.47h 0.54h


37° 0.46h 0.45h 0.50h
P 600h 800h 1000h
K=1.25
20° 0.61h 0.62h 0.73h
27° 0.51h 0.52h 0.62h
33° 0.43h 0.44h 0.53h
37° 0.41h 0.42h 0.50h
P 750h 950h 1100h
K=1.50
20° 0.54h 0.60h 0.73h
TABLE BASED ON CPH & DR 27° 0.46h 0.50h 0.62h
33° 0.39h 0.42h 0.53h
37° 0.37h 0.40h 0.50h
P 950h 1100h 1300h