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List what type the following reactions are:Y

1) NaOH + KNO3 --> NaNO3 + KOHY

2) CH4 + 2 O2 --> CO2 + 2 H2OY

3) 2 Fe + 6 NaBr --> 2 FeBr3 + 6 NaY

4) CaSO4 + Mg(OH)2 -->Ca(OH)2 + MgSO4Y

5) NH4OH + HBr --> H2O + NH4BrY

6) Pb + O2 --> PbO2Y

7) Na2CO3 --> Na2O + CO2Y

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1) double displacementYY
2) combustionYY
3) single displacementYY
4) double displacementYY
5) acid-baseYY
6) synthesisYY
7) decompositionY

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 in general means to break down into small species e.g. natural organic matter
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V ¦ is form of biological degradation, catalysed by enzymes, to break down
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 x  ==>x x Y
6    

 in photography is a sort of photo-decomposition.Y
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6 ^  
 means to break down substances into two or more substances by heat
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Synthesis Reactions

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The general form of a synthesis reaction is A + B ĺ AB. Synthesis reactions "put things together".
         
 

               
      
      



    

Because of the very high reactivities of sodium metal and chlorine gas, this reaction releases a
tremendous amount of heat and light energy. Recall that atoms release energy as they become stable,
and consider the octet rule when determining why this reaction is so favorable.

[edit]Decomposition Reactions

These are the opposite of synthesis reactions, with the format AB ĺ A + B. Decomposition reactions
"take things apart". Just as synthesis reactions can only form one product, decomposition reactions can
only start with one reactant. Compounds that are unstable will decompose quickly without outside
assistance.
   
      

 


         

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[edit]Single Replacement ReactionsY

Single replacement reactions, also called single displacement, swap one component with another, in the
format AB + C ĺ AC + B.

Adding hydrochloric acid to zinc will cause a gas to bubble out:


Synthesis Reactions

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The general form of a synthesis reaction is A + B ĺ AB. Synthesis reactions "put things together".
         
 

               

      
      


    

Because of the very high reactivities of sodium metal and chlorine gas, this reaction releases a
tremendous amount of heat and light energy. Recall that atoms release energy as they become stable,
and consider the octet rule when determining why this reaction is so favorable.

[edit]Decomposition Reactions

These are the opposite of synthesis reactions, with the format AB ĺ A + B. Decomposition reactions
"take things apart". Just as synthesis reactions can only form one product, decomposition reactions can
only start with one reactant. Compounds that are unstable will decompose quickly without outside
assistance.
   
      

 


         

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[edit]Single Replacement ReactionsY

Single replacement reactions, also called single displacement, swap one component with another, in the
format AB + C ĺ AC + B.

Adding hydrochloric acid to zinc will cause a gas to bubble out:

DISPLACEMENT

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) Decomposition Reaction: It is a type of chemical reaction in which a complex


substance breaks down to simpler substances.It is opposite of synthesis reaction.
Ex: 2 N2O5 ----------> 4 NO2 + H20
2 KClO3 -------------> 2 KCl + 3 O2
4) Single displacement reaction : It is a chemical reaction in which an element displaces
another element in a compound .
Ex: Mg + 2 HCl -----------> MgCl2 +H2
Fe2O3 + Zn ------------> Zn2O3 + 2 Fe
5) Double displacement reaction:This is a type of chemical reaction in which the anions
and cations in the reactants interchange their positions and form two different
compounds.
Ex: 2 NaCl +H2SO4 -------------> Na2SO4 + 2 HCl
AgNO3 + KCl --------------->AgCl + KNO3
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