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Tunku Abdul Rahman University College

Faculty of Built Environment


ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Course Learning Outcome

CLO3 – Upon completing the building workshops, students shall be able to demonstrate the
architectural trade of works in correct practices.

Briefing

Students are required to comply with the house rules when attending the building workshops.
Staff in-charged reserves the right to discharge any student who disobey the house rules from
the venue at once.

Each tutorial group will be divided into SIX (6) sub-groups as assigned by the staff in-
charged. Students are required to attend the building workshops as per scheduled and to
undertake the following tasks:

Building Workshop 1:
 Half-brick wall in Stretcher bond (4 bricks long x 4 courses high)
 Undercoat plastering

Building Workshop 2:
 One-brick wall in English bond (3 bricks long x 4 courses high)
 Jointing and pointing

Building Workshop 3:
 Wall tiling (3 x 3 pieces)
 Floor tiling (4 x 4 pieces)

Week Group No. Tasks


1 E.g. A & B Briefing
2 A1 – A3
3 B1 – B3
Building Workshop 1
4 A4 – A6
5 B4 – B6
6 A1 – A3
7 B1 – B3
Building Workshop 2
8 A4 – A6
9 B4 – B6
10 A1 – A3
11 B1 – B3
Building Workshop 3
12 A4 – A6
13 B4 – B6
14 A&B Feedback

Students will be assessed on their quality of work and housekeeping during the hands-on
practical. After completing each building workshop, students are required to prepare the
report in group for submission after ONE (1) week to staff in-charged for marking and
feedback.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 1


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Report, Figure and Referencing Formats

The submission of your group report shall consist of the following in sequence of:

1. Front cover (page 5) and marking scheme (page 4)


2. Background Information
 To introduce the relevant topics of each building workshop.
3. Objectives
 To state the learning outcomes as given in each building workshop.
4. Materials and Tools
 To identify with the aid of photos, the relevant materials and tools used in each
building workshop.
5. Procedures
 To describe with the aid of photos, in past tense passive verb, the step-by-step
procedures of work in each building workshop.
6. Results
 To record with the aid of photos, the completed work of each building workshop
and the relevant feedback from staff in-charged.
7. Discussions
 To discuss the questions as given in each building workshop.
8. Individual Conclusions
 To conclude individual lessons of each building workshop in not more than 1 page
per student with individual name clearly stated.
9. References

The report shall be properly typed in font size 12 of Times New Roman. The length of report,
from Background Information to References, including texts and figures but excluding
Individual Conclusions, shall not exceed 10 pages with page number shown at the bottom.
Additional pages of report will not be considered for marking.

All figures shall be properly captioned and referred to inside the texts. Such report shall have
proper citations and list of references in accordance to Harvard referencing system.

Your group report shall be properly organised and tape binding in A4 size for submission.

Students must follow the report, figure and referencing formats given here to prepare your
group report. However you are free to decide for any aspects which are not specified here.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 2


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Assessment Strategy

The building workshop with the highest marks will contribute 25% towards the coursework
marks of ATGB2303 Construction Technology II.

No marks will be awarded for any absent on hands-on practical parts.

Each building workshop report must be submitted to staff in-charged in the subsequent week
after completing each building workshop. Any late submission of group report without
acceptable reason or permission from the assessor will be penalised at which his/her total
building workshop marks will be deducted as below:

 10 marks will be deducted for late submission within 1 – 3 days


 20 marks will be deducted for late submission within 4 – 7 days
 Zero mark will be awarded for late submission after 7 days

Students with less than satisfactory work will be required to resubmit the group report but the
final marks will be capped at maximum 50 marks for satisfactory resubmission only.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 3


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Marking Scheme (For assessor’s use only)


Assessment Excellent Good Average Poor Very Poor Group
Criteria 5 marks 4 marks 3 marks 2 marks 1-0 mark
Marks
Quality of work and Completed work and Completed work and Completed work and Completed work and Completed work and
housekeeping housekeeping is of housekeeping is of good housekeeping is of housekeeping is housekeeping is of x2= / 10
excellent quality, quality, meeting the acceptable quality, showing efforts in minimal works done, not
meeting the expectations expectations with minor meeting the expectations meeting the expectations meeting the
with no defects showing, defects showing, with some defects but need more attention expectations, required
do not required required minimum showing, required some on the extensive defects, continuous supervision.
supervision. supervision. supervision. required close
supervision.
Quality of report Work is of superior Work is of good quality, Work is of acceptable Work shows effort but Very minimal work
contents and formats quality, thorough and sometimes exceeds quality and meets needs more attention. done or not done at all. x2= / 10
exceeds expectations. expectations. Relevant expectations. Fairly Irrelevant and limited
Relevant and but rather general relevant but limited discussions with
comprehensive discussions with some discussions with some extensive mistakes.
discussions with no or mistakes. mistakes.
minimum mistakes.
Individual conclusions Work is of superior Work is of good quality, Work is of acceptable Work shows effort but Very minimal work
quality, thorough and sometimes exceeds quality and meets needs more attention. done or not done at all.
exceeds expectations.
Relevant and
expectations. Relevant
but rather general
expectations. Fairly
relevant but limited
Irrelevant and limited
discussions with
Individual
comprehensive discussions with some discussions with some extensive mistakes. Marks
discussions with no or mistakes. mistakes.
minimum mistakes.
Student 1. x1= /5
Name(s) 2. x1= /5
3. x1= /5
4. x1= /5
5. x1= /5

Note: Please fill in and bind this marking scheme inside your group report for submission.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 4


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
Academic Year 2018/2019

ATGB2303 Construction Technology II

CLO3 – Building Workshop No.: ___ (25%)

Staff In-Charged :
Date of Submission :
Programme (Group No.) :

Student Name (Student ID No.) Total Marks


(after late submission deduction)
1. / 25 = / 100
2. / 25 = / 100
3. / 25 = / 100
4. / 25 = / 100
5. / 25 = / 100

Assessed by:

_____________________
(Staff In-Charged & Date)

Note: Please fill in and bind this page as the front cover of your group report for submission.

5
Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Building Workshop 1

Task 1: Half-brick wall in Stretcher bond (4 bricks long x 4 courses high)

Task 2: Undercoat plastering

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this building workshop, students shall be able to construct a half-brick wall
in Stretcher bond finished with undercoat plastering using correct practices and resources.

Materials and Tools

Bricks, 4 buckets with cement and sand in the volume of 1:3, sufficient amount of water, 2
shovels, 1 timber board, 1 wooden float, 1 spirit level, 2 brick trowels, 2 hawks, 2 steel
trowels

Procedures

1. Fill in and submit the marking scheme provided to staff in-charged before the start of
each Building Workshop.
2. Gather the required materials and tools.

Mixing of mortar and plaster (30 minutes)

3. Use shovel to dry mix the cement and sand on a damp timber board.
4. Make a well in the middle of dry mix for the water. Add some water, not too much as it is
easier to add more water later, if needed. Mix it all together.
5. Keep mixing until the mortar or plaster looks like sticky paste.

Laying of brickwall (30 minutes)

6. Use wooden float and chalk to draw a line on the floor to mark the position of brickwall.
7. Use brick trowel to spread a layer of mortar on the floor first and then lay bricks onto the
mortar. Mortar joints shall be about 10mm.
8. Use spirit level to adjust individual bricks, to plumb the angles of work vertically and to
level the courses horizontally.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 6


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Plastering of brickwall (30 minutes)

9. Remove any debris from the surface of brickwall. Use sponge to damp the surface of
brickwall before plastering.
10. Plaster the brickwall with the use of hawk and steel trowel for the front surface, top and
two sides only, back surface is not required. Thickness of plaster shall be about 10mm.

Housekeeping (30 minutes)

11. Upon completing the works within the given time, staff in-charged will allocate marks for
the quality of work in the marking scheme.
12. Lastly, group members are required to work together for the housekeeping in the Building
Workshop.
13. Remove the mortar and plaster into the plastic bags provided. Use wire brush to wash
clean all the bricks and tools and return them to original places.
14. Staff in-charged will then allocate marks for the housekeeping in the marking scheme.
15. The marking scheme will be returned to the students for binding and submission together
with their group reports later.

Expected Quality of Work

The completed brickwall shall be vertical and levelled, correctly constructed in Stretcher
bond with uniform mortar thickness. Plastering to the brickwall shall be levelled with
appropriate thickness.

Questions for Discussions

1. When constructing brickwall, it is necessary to lay the bricks to some recognised bond. In
order to maintain bond, it is necessary to use bricks cut in various shapes at some points.

a. With the aid of diagrams, identify the different brickwork bonding available for
wall construction.

b. With the aid of diagrams, identify some examples of cutting bricks and their
applications in brickwork.

2. With the aid of diagrams, describe the following methods to keep the brickwork
horizontal and vertical:

a. Plumbing
b. Levelling
c. Gauging

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 7


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Building Workshop 2

Task 1: One-brick wall in English bond (3 bricks long x 4 courses high)

Task 2: Jointing and pointing

Examples of jointing or pointing

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this building workshop, students shall be able to construct a one-brick wall
in English bond finished with jointing or pointing using correct practices and resources.

Materials and Tools

Bricks, 4 buckets with cement and sand in the volume of 1:3, sufficient amount of water, 2
shovels, 1 timber board, 1 wooden float, 1 spirit level, 2 brick trowels, 2 scrapers, 1 tamping
rod

Procedures

1. Fill in and submit the marking scheme provided to staff in-charged before the start of
each Building Workshop.
2. Gather the required materials and tools.

Mixing of mortar (30 minutes)

3. Use shovel to dry mix the cement and sand on a damp timber board.
4. Make a well in the middle of dry mix for the water. Add some water, not too much as it is
easier to add more water later, if needed. Mix it all together.
5. Keep mixing until the mortar looks like sticky paste.

Laying of brickwall (30 minutes)

6. Use wooden float and chalk to draw a line on the floor to mark the position of brickwall.
7. Use brick trowel to spread a layer of mortar on the floor first and then lay bricks onto the
mortar. Mortar joints shall be about 10mm.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 8


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

8. Use spirit level to adjust individual bricks, to plumb the angles of work vertically and to
level the courses horizontally.

Jointing or pointing of brickwall (30 minutes)

9. Remove any debris from the surface of brickwall. Use sponge to clean the surface of
brickwall.
10. Use scraper or tamping rod to produce an example of jointing or pointing for all the
surfaces of brickwall.

Housekeeping (30 minutes)

11. Upon completing the works within the given time, staff in-charged will allocate marks for
the quality of work in the marking scheme.
12. Lastly, group members are required to work together for the housekeeping in the Building
Workshop.
13. Remove the mortar into the plastic bags provided. Use wire brush to wash clean all the
bricks and tools and return them to original places.
14. Staff in-charged will then allocate marks for the housekeeping in the marking scheme.
15. The marking scheme will be returned to the students for binding and submission together
with their group reports later.

Expected Quality of Work

The completed brickwall shall be vertical and levelled, correctly constructed in English bond
with uniform mortar thickness. Jointing or pointing to the brickwall shall be clear and
consistent.

Questions for Discussions

1. Jointing and pointing are the terms given to the final process of finishing a brickwall to
give a neat appearance when plastering is not required.

a. Discuss the differences between jointing and pointing and their respective
advantages and disadvantages.

b. With the aid of diagrams, identify the various types of jointing and pointing which
can be applied to brickwork and discuss on the situations for which they are best
suited.

2. Discuss the differences between constructing half-brick wall in Stretcher bond with
plastering and constructing one-brick wall in English bond with jointing or pointing in
terms of the usage of bricks and their applications in the construction of buildings.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 9


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Building Workshop 3

Task 1: Wall tiling (3 x 3 pieces)

Task 2: Floor tiling (4 x 4 pieces)

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this building workshop, students shall be able to perform wall and floor
tilling using correct practices and resources.

Materials and Tools

Tiles, 2 buckets with cement in the volume of ¾ bucket, sufficient amount of water, 3
wooden floats, 1 angle square, 2 spirit levels, 2 groove trowels, 2 scrapers, sufficient amount
of lime grout

Procedures

1. Fill in and submit the marking scheme provided to staff in-charged before the start of
each Building Workshop.
2. Gather the required materials and tools.

Mixing of screed (30 minutes)

3. Use brick trowel to mix the cement and water in the bucket.
4. Add some water, not too much as it is easier to add more water later, if needed. Mix it all
together.
5. Keep mixing until the screed looks like sticky paste.

Wall tiling (30 minutes)

6. Soak the tiles in water to reduce suction before they are placed in position.
7. Use angle square, spirit level and chalk to draw grid lines on the timber board which
serves as wall to guide the tiling pattern.
8. Use wooden floats to provide temporary support for the wall tiling.
9. Begin tiling from the horizontal base upwards.
10. Use groove trowel to butter a layer of screed at the back of tiles which are then pressed or
tapped into position. Thickness of screed shall be about 10mm.
11. Use spirit level to check that individual tiles are going up accurately both horizontally and
vertically.
12. For small tiles on a stable background, a minimum joint of 2mm between the tiles must
be provided to allow a degree of micro-movement.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 10


Tunku Abdul Rahman University College
Faculty of Built Environment
ATGB2303 Construction Technology II
CLO3 – Building Workshops (25%)

Floor tiling (30 minutes)

13. Set out the tiling pattern directly on the floor with grid lines drawn to give an accurate
guide.
14. Use groove trowel to render the floor surface with screed to a thickness of 10mm.
15. Then press or tap the lightly buttered tiles to the rendered floor surface. Begin tiling from
the horizontal base upwards.
16. Repeat step 11 to 12 as indicated in the wall tiling procedures.

Grouting of joints (30 minutes)

17. When the tiles have set, use scraper to press the lime grout into the joints, making sure
that no voids are left in either horizontal or vertical joints.
18. Use sponge to wipe off excess grouting and remove any debris from the surface of tiles.

Housekeeping (30 minutes)

19. Upon completing the works within the given time, staff in-charged will allocate marks for
the quality of work in the marking scheme.
20. Lastly, group members are required to work together for the housekeeping in the Building
Workshop.
21. Remove the screed into the plastic bags provided. Use wire brush to wash clean all the
tiles and tools and return them to original places.
22. Staff in-charged will then allocate marks for the housekeeping in the marking scheme.
23. The marking scheme will be returned to the students for binding and submission together
with their group reports later.

Expected Quality of Work

The completed wall and floor tiling shall be levelled and vertical with uniform screed
thickness. Joints to the wall and floor tilling shall be clear and consistent.

Questions for Discussions

1. Identify the different types of wall finishes available for brickwall construction and
discuss their respective characteristics and best suited situations.

2. Identify the different types of floor finishes available for concrete floor construction and
discuss their respective characteristics and best suited situations.

Updated by Tee HK on Oct 2018 11